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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915079

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Familial cancer appears at a young age and its incidence is increasing. About 12% of familial ovarian cancer cases are associated with BRCA1/2 mutations (BRCAm). In this study, we investigated BRCA1 methylation may predict ovarian cancer in those with a family history of cancer (FHC) but without BRCA1/2 mutations (BRCAwt). @*Methods@#Using peripheral blood DNA from 55 subjects without a history of cancer [cancer(−)] and 52 ovarian cancer patients, we examined BRCA1 promoter methylation through bisulfite sequencing of the promoter and expressed the results as the cumulative methylation index. Then, we evaluated the BRCA1 promoter methylation according to BRCA1/2 germline mutations. @*Results@#BRCA1 methylation was more prevalent in the BRCAm cancer(−) group than in the BRCAwt cancer(−) group and ovarian cancer patients (p=0.031 and p=0.019, respectively). In the BRCAwt cancer(−) group, BRCA1 methylation was more prevalent in those with an FHC than in those without one and in the BRCAm cancer(−) group with an FHC (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Our data suggest a predictive role of BRCA1 methylation profile for ovarian cancer in those without a history of cancer but with an FHC. BRCA1 methylation has important implications for diagnostic and predictive testing of those with BRCAwt cancer(−) status with FHC.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1242-1246, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of bupivacaine pamoate for sciatic nerve block in rats.Methods:Forty-eight SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 300-400 g, were divided into 6 groups using a random number table method: bupivacaine pamoate vehicle group (group VE), bupivacaine HCl group (group BH), liposomal bupivacaine group (group BL), low-dose bupivacaine pamoate group (group HL), moderate-dose bupivacaine pamoate group (group HM) and high-dose bupivacaine pamoate group (group HH), with 8 animals in each group.In VE, BH, BL, HL, HM and HH groups, bupivacaine pamoate vehicle 0.4 ml, bupivacaine HCl solution 0.4 ml, liposomal bupivacaine suspension 0.4 ml, and 1, 3 and 10 mg/ml bupivacaine pamoate suspension 0.4 ml were injected around the left sciatic nerve, respectively.The thermal paw withdrawal latency were measured before administration (T 0) and at 0.5, 1.5, 3, 5, 8, 12, 16, 24 and 48 h after injection (T 1-9). The percentage of maximum possible effect (MPE) of thermal paw withdrawal latency was calculated, and motor function score was simultaneously performed to evaluate the efficacy of sensory and motor block.Five and three rats in each group were sacrificed at 2 and 7 days after administration (T 9, 10), respectively, and the sciatic nerve at the injection site and the surrounding muscle tissues were harvested for microscopic examination (with a light microscope) after Luxol fast blue and HE staining.Nerve damage and inflammatory responses were assessed and scored to evaluate neurotoxicity. Results:Compared with group VE, the MPE was significantly increased at T 1-4 in group HL, at T 1-8 in group HM and at T 1-8 in group HH, the motor function scores were decreased at T 1-4 in group HL, at T 1-5 in group HM and at T 1-7 in group HH ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in inflammatory response scores for the sciatic nerve and surrounding muscles at each time point in HL, HM and HH groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group BH, the MPE was significantly increased at T 3-8, motor function scores were decreased at T 3-5, and inflammatory response scores for the muscles around the sciatic nerve were decreased at T 9 in group HM ( P<0.05). Compared with group BL, the MPE was significantly increased at T 3-7, motor function scores were decreased at T 4, 5, and inflammatory response scores for the sciatic nerve and surrounding muscles were decreased at T 9 in group HM ( P<0.05). The nerve damage score was 0 in the six groups. Conclusion:Bupivacaine pamoate can block the sciatic nerve of rats, the duration of block is prolonged with the increase in the concentration, and the duration of motor block is not longer than that of sensory block; compared with the same concentration and equal volume of bupivacaine HCl and liposomal bupivacaine, bupivacaine pamoate produces longer duration of sciatic nerve block and less neurotoxicity.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1086-1091, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To dynamically trace the migration and therapeutic effects of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in mice with liver injury after cell transplantation through in vivo bioluminescent imaging (BLI).Methods:The MSCs were transfected with the lentivirus CMV-Luciferase2-mKate2 and mKate2 positive cells were purified and screened by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) after 96 h. The purified MSCs-R (MSCs-CMV-Luciferase2-mKate2) were used by in vitro and in vivo BLI. The mice (male BALB/c nude mice) were divided into 4 groups with 9 mice per group by random number table method, including (1) Liver injury experimental group: The liver injury model was established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl 4, and MSCS-R transplantation through spleen injection was performed 24 h later; (2) Control experimental group: The same volume of phosphate buffer (PBS) was injected intraperitoneally, and MSCS-R transplantation through spleen injection was performed 24 h later; (3) Liver injury group: Liver injury model was established and PBS was injected into the spleen;(4) Blank group: The mice were intraperitoneally injected of PBS.BLI was performed daily after cell transplantation until light signals disappeared in the liver region, and the pathological examination of liver tissue was obtained 14 d after MSCs-R transplantation. Linear regression analyses were performed to determine the correlation between the optical signal intensity and the number of cells, and statistical differences of the optical signal intensity between liver injury experimental group and control experimental group were evaluated using the Student′s t test. Results:The MSCs were readily transfected with lentivirus CMV-Luciferase2-mKate2 for 96 h. The transfected MSCs were purified by FACS and more than 95% of MSCs were mKate2 positive. The optical signal intensity of MSCs-R detected by BLI in vitro significantly correlated with cell numbers in vitro (R 2=0.980). In both of liver injury experimental group and control experimental group, cell migration to the liver was observed on the first day after intrasplenic transplantation of MSCs-R, and the optical signal intensity in the area of liver of liver injury experimental group was higher than that of control experimental group ( t=15.476, P<0.001). The optical signal intensity in the hepatic area was observed in 11 d after transplantation in liver injury experimental group, compared to control experimental group in 5 d. Optical signal was not detected in mice in the other two groups. Histopathology showed that the degree of liver injury after MSCs-R transplantation was significantly lower in liver injury experimental group than control experimental group. Conclusions:The dynamical migration of MSCs transplanted to the spleen and settled in the damaged liver could be tracked by BLI, and liver injury can prompt MSCs directionally migrate to the damaged tissues and play their role in repairing liver injury.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 481-488, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical prognosis and related factors affecting optimal medical therapy (OMT) compliance of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods:A prospective study was conducted to select 3 818 patients who were diagnosed with CAD and successfully underwent PCI in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2016 to September 2017. The clinical information and application of OMT during hospitalization and 1 year later were collected for research.The patients were divided into OMT group and non OMT group according to whether they adhered to OMT during follow-up one year after discharge. After comparing the imbalance baseline data of hypertension,diabetes and hyperlipidemia with propensity score,demographic characteristics, coronary revascularization history, CAD, laboratory related laboratory examinations,and the use of OMT drugs were compared between the two groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the relationship between long-term OMT and clinical prognosis in patients with CAD.Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to analyze the related factors affecting long-term OMT compliance.Results:A total of 3 818 cases of CAD patients were matched by propensity score and 2 596 patients were included in the study. There were 1 609 males and 987 females. The age was (62.51±9.56) years old.One year later,1298 patients (50%) insisted on OMT,including dual antiplatelet therapy(DAPT), statins, β-blockers and ACEI/ARB were 97.0% (2 517/2 596),94.5%(2 454/2 596),69.6% (1 806/2 596) and 64.2% (1 666/2 596), especially angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors / angiotensin receptor blockers and β Receptor blockers decreased the most.Cox regression analysis showed that after adjusting for other factors, compared with non-adherence to OMT group,OMT after PCI was associated with better prognosis ( HR=0.416,95% CI 0.270-0.641, P<0.001). The prognosis of CAD patients with history of old myocardial infarction ( HR=1.804,95% CI 1.070-3.041, P=0.027),cardiac insufficiency ( HR=2.074,95% CI 1.161-3.702, P=0.014),multivessel coronary disease ( HR=2.211,95% CI 1.228-3.983, P=0.008) and BMI>24 ( HR=1.570,95% CI 1.037-2.377, P=0.033) were related to worse clinical outcomes. Multi-factor binary Logistic regression showed that OMT at hospitalization was a strong influencing factor of long-term adherence to OMT ( OR=41.278,95% CI 29.961-56.871, P<0.001). Patients with higher education,employee medical insurance and with history of PCI tend to persist in OMT. Conclusion:The medication compliance of patients with long-term OMT after PCI is still poor,while the high compliance of OMT is related to the lower incidence of adverse cardiovascular events,including death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and stroke. If there is no obvious contraindication,all patients after PCI should adhere to OMT.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 157 thyroid nodules from 122 participants who underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS examination from January 2016 to January 2017 in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, China were collected. The image features were analyzed for conventional ultrasound and TI-RADS classification. According to CEUS results, the thyroid nodules were classified by TI-RADS. Based on pathological results, the efficacy of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification versus conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was investigated. Results:The area under the curve of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification (AUC = 0.900) was greater than that of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification (AUC = 0.808). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 81.6% (80/98), 67.8% (40/59), 76.4% (120/157), 80.8% (80/99), 68.9% (40/58), respectively. They were 98.0% (96/98), 78.0% (34/59), 90.4% (142/157), 88.1% (96/109), 95.8% (46/48), respectively for CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification. The sensitivity of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was significantly higher than that of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification ( χ2 = 12.50, P < 0.001). Conclusion:CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification is more effective in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules than conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of intranasal administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in aged rats.Methods:Forty healthy Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 21-23 months, weighing 480-600 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O), intranasal administration of low-dose GDNF group (group G1) and intranasal administration of high-dose GDNF group (group G2). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O, G1 and G2 groups, while the rats in group S only received sham operation.The rats in group G1 and group G2 were intranasally treated with GDNF 25 and 50 μg (in 25 μl of PBS), respectively, and PBS 25 μl was nasally administered in group S and group O every day for 3 consecutive days after operation or sham operation.Morris water maze test was performed on days 3-7 after surgery, and then the rats were sacrificed, and hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of GDNF, high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), activated caspase-3 and Bax (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, expression of GDNF was down-regulated, and expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was up-regulated in group O, and the number of crossing the platform was reduced, time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, and expression of IL-1β and TNF-α was up-regulated in G1 and G2 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened on days 5-7 after operation, the number of crossing the platform was increased, time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, expression of GDNF was up-regulated, expression of TNF-α, HMGB1, activated caspase-3 and Bax in hippocampi was down-regulated in G1 and G2 groups, and IL-1β in hippocampi was down-regulated in group G1 ( P<0.05). Compared with group G1, the expression of TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the other parameters mentioned above in group G2 ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Intranasal administration of GDNF can improve postoperative cognitive dysfunction, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses and neuroapoptosis in aged rats.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 217-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880263

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common pathological type of lung cancer. The systemic antitumor therapy of advanced NSCLC has undergone renovations of chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, which results in greatly improved survival for patients with advanced NSCLC. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), especially targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), has changed the treatment paradigm of NSCLC. ICIs have become the standard treatment for advanced NSCLC without epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) mutation or anaplastic lymphomakinase(ALK) translocation in the first- or second-line setting, and for locally advanced NSCLC following concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ICIs are also promising in adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy. More and more ICIs have been approved domestically for the treatment of NSCLC. Led by the NSCLC expert committee of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), this consensus was developed and updated based on thoroughly reviewing domestic and foreign literatures, clinical trial data, systematic reviews, experts' discussion and the consensus(2019 version). This consensus will aid domestic clinicians in the treatment of NSCLC with ICIs.
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8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883079

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of play therapy-based group counseling on behavior disorders and mental coping of school-age nephrotic syndrome children.Methods:A total of 140 school-age nephrotic syndrome children were randomly divided into experiment group ( n=70) and control group ( n=70). Children in the control group recieved routine care, while experiment group carried out play therapy-based group counseling based on the routine care. With the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ) and Coping with a Disease (CODI), the overall curative effect was assessed before and after intervention by their scores. Results:After intervention, the incidence rate of behavior disorder of nephrotic syndrome children in the experiment group was 18.0% (11/63), lower than in the control group 33.8% (23/68), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 4.131, P=0.042). The conduct, psychosomatic disorder and hyperactivity index scores in the experiment group were (1.12±0.23), (0.24±0.08), (1.22±0.32) pionts, lower than (1.25±0.31), (0.29±0.09), (1.39±0.37) pionts in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.625, 2.950, 2.825, P<0.05); the scores of acception, escape, negative feelings and total CODI scores were (12.87±3.19), (22.51±5.24), (25.83±4.51), (101.23±11.48) pionts, higher than (11.27±3.77), (20.41±4.00), (24.13±4.38), (95.38±8.33) pionts in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 2.191-3.361, P<0.05). Conclusion:Play therapy-based group counseling can effectively alleviate behavior disorders and improve mental coping of school-age nephrotic syndrome children.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in clinical staging and classification of adult Japanese encephalitis.Methods:The clinical data and craniocerebral MRI findings of 35 adult patients with Japanese encephalitis admitted in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from August to September 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The MRI imaging characteristics were compared among patients with different stages and types, the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC value) of thalamic lesions in patients of different stages was analyzed. SPSS 23.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Six moderate cases all had lesions involving the thalamus, and the number of intracranial lesions was <2. In 11 severe cases, 8 had lesions involving thalamus and 5 had lesions involving hippocampus; the number of intracranial lesions was <2 in 3 cases, the number of intracranial lesions was 2-4 in 3 cases, and the number of intracranial lesions was >4 in 5 cases. In 18 cases critical cases, the lesions involved thalamic in 14 cases, hippocampus in 14 cases, cerebral cortex in 14 cases, cerebral feet in 9 cases, basal ganglia area in 6 cases, and brain stem in 2 cases, respectively; 2 cases had the intracranial lesions <2, 6 cases had intracranial lesions 2-4, 10 cases had intracranial lesions >4. In 11 preliminary stage patients, 9 cases had DWI high signal and 2 had FLAIR slightly high signal; in 19 extreme stage patients, 16 cases had DWI high signal, 11 cases had FLAIR slightly high signal, 3 cases had T1WI high signal and 6 cases had T2WI high signal. In 5 recovery stage patients, 1 case had DWI slightly high signal, 5 cases had FLAIR high signal, and 1 case had T2WI high signal. The ADC values of thalamic lesions in recovery and extreme patients were higher than those in the preliminary stage ( q=3.931 and 4.012, P<0.05). The ADC value of thalamic lesions in the recovery period was higher than that in the extreme period ( q=3.372, P<0.05). Conclusions:The number of lesions and the range of involvement are associated with disease severity in adult Japanese encephalitis. The DWI sequence is easy to detect at early stage, and the FLAIR sequence shows a long time span of lesions; and the DWI and FLAIR sequences are of great significance for the early clinical staging and classification of adult encephalitis patients. At the same time, the ADC value shows a trend of disease progresses, which can be used as a supplement for the clinical staging in adult encephalitis patients.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834305

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Tracking of the tumor progression by MSCs-based therapy is being increasingly important in evaluating relative therapy effectively. Herein, Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) technology was used to dynamically and quantitatively track the hepatocellular carcinoma suppressive effects by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs). @*Methods@#and Results: The stem cells present typical phenotypic characteristics and differentiation ability by morphology and flow cytometry analysis of marker expression. Then, the growth inhibition effect of conditioned medium and UC-MSC on H7402 cells was studied. It is found both the conditioned medium and UC-MSC can effectively decrease the proliferation of H7402 cells compared with the control group. Meanwhile, the relative migration of UC-MSC to H7402 is also increased through the transwell migration assay. In addition, a mice hepatoma tumor model was built by H7402 cells which can express a pLenti-6.3/DEST-CMV-luciferase 2-mKate2 gene. The effect of stem cells on growth inhibition of tumor in a mice transplantation model was dynamically monitored by bioluminescence imaging within 5 weeks. It has shown the bioluminescence signal intensity of the tumor model was significantly higher than that of the UC-MSC co-acting tumor model, indicating that the inhibition of UC-MSC on liver cancer resulted in low expression of bioluminescent signals. @*Conclusions@#The microenvironment of UC-MSCs can effectively inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells, and this therapeutic effect can be dynamically and quantitatively monitored in vivo by BLI. This is of great significance for the imaging research and application of stem cells in anticancer therapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865099

ABSTRACT

Adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) has attracted more attention in recent years. Surgical method of Siewert type Ⅱ AEG is especially controversial, mainly focusing on the scope of lymph node dissection, safety of surgical margin, and digestive tract reconstruction. The abdominal transhiatal approach and right thoracoabdominal Ivor-Lewis approach are the main surgical approaches of totally laparoscopic or thoracoscopic surgery for Siewert type Ⅱ AEG, which not only need close teamwork, but also require rich experience in laparoscopic surgery. The authors has started to choose these two totally minimally invasive surgical approaches, the feasibility and safety of which are proved. The key surgical details are presented in this article for reference.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the nursing experience of a patient with multiple renal transplants with high sensitization and severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome.Methods:A phased care intervention was implemented through multidisciplinary joint treatment.Results:The transplanted renal function of the patient recovered well, the concentration of immunopreparations was stable, and the patient was cured and discharged after 30 days of hospitalizationConclusion:Preoperative accurate antibody screening and effective desensitization therapy are the prerequisites for successful operation. Postoperative sleep apnea, rejection and observation and nursing of immunosuppressive drugs are implemented. Personalized rehabilitation guidance and psychological care are implemented throughout the whole process. Strengthening missions and attaching importance to continuous care have effectively protected patients' safety.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify prognosis factors in patients with resected Merkel cell carcinoma and construct a nomogram for predicting 3- and 5-year overall survival.Methods:A total of 1271 patients were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. According to the ratio of 70:30, patients were randomly divided into training cohort ( n=891) and validation cohort ( n=380) . Cox regression model was fitted with R software, thus the prognostic factors for 3- and 5-year overall survival were confirmed and a nomogram to predict overall survival was established. C-index was used to evaluate model discrimination and the calibration plot was used to evaluate model accuracy.The predictive power of the model was compared with the eighth TNM staging system. Results:Multivariable cox analysis indicated age, sex, tumor size, N stage, M stage, marital status and radiation therapy were associated with overall survival. The above predictors were employed to build a new nomogram, and we found that the new predictive model was better at predicting 3- and 5- year overall survival than the latest TNM staging system. The C-index of the training cohort using the new model for survival prediction was 0.72, and the C-index of the training cohort using TNM staging system was only 0.64. The C-index of the validation cohort using the new model for survival prediction was 0.73, while the C-index of the validation cohort using TNM staging system was 0.63. The nomogram also displayed a good calibration.Conclusions:The new predictive model with comprehensive prognostic factors is superior to the 8th TNM staging system in predicting overall survival of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma. This new model can help doctors to predict the prognosis of each patient more accurately, and assist clinical decision-making and individualized treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863494

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor originating from breast epithelial tissue. Ferroptosis is a novel type of programmed cell death which differs from apoptosis and necrosis. Research found that the accumulation of lipid peroxides in cells, a crucial process of ferroptosis, can be induced by multiple mechanisms. The ferroptosis regulation is closely related to the occurrence and development of breast cancer, and it induced by drugs is a potential and valuable research direction in breast cancer.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 804-807, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872590

ABSTRACT

Biobank provides abundant sample resources for clinical and basic research, and the data derived from related research provides valuable information to guide the treatment of patients, which accelerate the speed of basic research and application of translational research. At present, extensive research has been conducted on the factors contributing to sample quality through cancer sample processing and storage, but the conclusion varies widely. Moreover, many studies in China and abroad have shown that the storage time and temperature of the cancer samples are the key factors affecting the quality of the samples, but there is no systematic review. This article reviews the effects of time and temperature on the quality of RNA, DNA and protein in blood and cancer samples during sample collection and storage.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor agonist DA-JC4 on postoperative neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.Methods:Forty-five Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 21-23 months, weighing 530-630 g, provided by the Animal Experiment Center of Medical School of Zhengzhou University, were assigned into 3 groups ( n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), operation group (group O) and DA-JC4 group (group G). Rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under anesthesia with chloral hydrate in O and G groups.In group G, DA-JC4 10 nmol/kg (dissolved in 1 ml of sterile normal saline) was intraperitoneally injected immediately after the end of operation and at 24 and 48 h after operation.Western blot was used to determine the expression of hippocampal Bax, Bcl-2, activated caspase-3, Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3Ⅱ (LC3Ⅱ), high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) on day 3 after surgery.The Morris water maze test was performed on days 14-18 after operation to assess the cognitive function. Results:Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly prolonged on days 15-18 after operation in group O and on day 18 after operation in group G, and the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the time spent in the target quadrant was shortened, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was up-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was down-regulated in O and G groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group O, the escape latency was significantly shortened, and the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the time spent in the target quadrant was prolonged, the expression of activated caspase-3, Bax, LC3Ⅱ, HMGB1, IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampi was down-regulated, and the expression of Bcl-2, LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 was up-regulated in group G ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which DA-JC4 reduces postoperative cognitive dysfunction may be related to inhibiting neuroinflammatory responses in aged rats.

17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 806-810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826926

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), characterized by early metastasis, relapse, relapse and resistance and poor prognosis, still faces difficulties in treatment. Recently, Immunotherapy is a novel treatment for SCLC, researchers are also eager to achieve a breakthrough in targeted treatment of SCLC. Genomic instability of SCLC and sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy, therefore, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors targeting DNA repair related pathways have become a hotspot in the research of SCLC targeted therapy. Studies on PARP inhibitors in SCLC have been conducted in combination with other therapeutic strategies, including the treatment of recurrent SCLC and first-line treatment,as well as maintenance treatment after induction. These studies also explored the predictive markers of PARP inhibitors in SCLC. Although the current results of PARP inhibitors in SCLC are limited, and the predictive markers are also inconsistent, we also see that PARP inhibitors could be a breakthroughfor precision medicine of SCLC.
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18.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830971

ABSTRACT

Adiponectin secretion-promoting compounds have therapeutic potentials in human metabolic diseases. Diallyl biphenyl-type neolignan compounds, magnolol, honokiol, and 4-O-methylhonokiol, from a Magnolia officinalis extract were screened as adiponectin-secretion promoting compounds in the adipogenic differentiation model of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs). In a target identification study, magnolol, honokiol, and 4-O-methylhonokiol were elucidated as PPARα and PPARγ dual modulators. Diallyl biphenyl-type neolignans affected the transcription of lipid metabolism-associated genes in a different way compared to those of specific PPAR ligands. The diallyl biphenyl-type neolignan structure provides a novel pharmacophore of PPARα/γ dual modulators, which may have unique therapeutic potentials in diverse metabolic diseases.

19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 806-810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828742

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), characterized by early metastasis, relapse, relapse and resistance and poor prognosis, still faces difficulties in treatment. Recently, Immunotherapy is a novel treatment for SCLC, researchers are also eager to achieve a breakthrough in targeted treatment of SCLC. Genomic instability of SCLC and sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy, therefore, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors targeting DNA repair related pathways have become a hotspot in the research of SCLC targeted therapy. Studies on PARP inhibitors in SCLC have been conducted in combination with other therapeutic strategies, including the treatment of recurrent SCLC and first-line treatment,as well as maintenance treatment after induction. These studies also explored the predictive markers of PARP inhibitors in SCLC. Although the current results of PARP inhibitors in SCLC are limited, and the predictive markers are also inconsistent, we also see that PARP inhibitors could be a breakthroughfor precision medicine of SCLC.
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20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756592

ABSTRACT

Clinical decision support system (CDSS) has been developed and integrated into clinical nursing system by building up rules and knowledge base through literature retrieval, expert argumentation, and situation analysis. With such algorithms as reasoning algorithm, case study, artificial intelligence and big data analysis, three modules have been constructed as follows. The first is an Intelligent Knowledge-based Decision Module composed of 15 document-driven knowledge-based decision-makers and 5 task-driven knowledge-based decision-makers. The second is an Intelligent Quality Control Recording Module which has achieved intelligent quality control of nursing records through Feedforward Control and Feedback Control. The third is an Intelligent Human-Computer Interaction Module which consists of real-time static interactions through e-board and dynamic reminders/alarms triggered by the system. CDSS, since in use, has reduced the incidence of adverse nursing events and problems of quality control in nursing records, and improved satisfaction of patients.

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