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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913818

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was aimed to investigate long-term survivals and toxicities of early-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in endemic area, evaluating the role of chemotherapy in stage II patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Totally 187 patients with newly diagnosed NPC and restaged American Joint Committee on Cancer/ International Union Against Cancer 8th T1-2N0-1M0 were retrospectively recruited. All received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)±chemotherapy (CT) from 2001 to 2010. @*Results@#With 15.7-year median follow-up, 10-year locoregional recurrence-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and overall survival (OS) were 93.3%, 93.5%, 92.9% and 88.2%, respectively. Multivariable analyses showed cervical lymph nodes positive and pre-treatment prognostic nutritional index ≥ 52.0 could independently predict DMFS (p=0.036 and p=0.011), DSS (p=0.014 and p=0.026), and OS (p=0.002 and p 45 years (p=0.002) and pre-treatment lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 240 U/L (p 0.05). Unsurprising, patients in IMRT+CT had more acute gastrointestinal reaction, myelosuppression, mucositis, late ear toxicity, and cranial nerve injury (all p < 0.05) than IMRT alone group. @*Conclusion@#Superior tumor control and satisfying long-term outcomes could be achieved with IMRT in early-stage NPC with mild late toxicities. As CT would bring more toxicities, it should be carefully performed to stage II patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755072

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of Xerostomia Questionnaire ( XQ-C) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with radiotherapy. Methods XQ-C was translated according to the International Quality of Life Assessment project approach. Patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in different radiotherapy stages were enrolled in this study and assessed by using the XQ-C. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire results were evaluated. The content validity was assessed by experts grading method. The construct validity was assessed by exploratory factor analysis. The discriminant validity was determined by non-parametric method. The reliability was evaluated by Cronbach′s α and split-half reliability to assess the internal consistency. Results A total of 212 questionnaires were completely filled out. Content validity showed that the item content validity index ( I-CVI) ≥0.80, Scale-CVI/Ave=0.97, and P value of Kendall′s W test was 0.701. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that XQ-C was a unidimensional scale. The scale scores of patients at different stages of radiotherapy significantly differed, suggesting that the discriminant validity was good. Cronbach′s α of the scale was 0.951 and Guttman′s semi-reliability coefficient was 0.940. Conclusion The XQ-C is valid and reliable, which can be widely applied in the clinical diagnosis, treatment and research of xerostomia in Chinese nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients after radiotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310327

ABSTRACT

During the past years transcatheter aortic valve replacement has evolved to a promising technique for the treatment of the patients who suffered from severe aortic stenosis, the progress and basic consideration on clinical study have been summarized in the article.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Therapeutics , Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Humans , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310294

ABSTRACT

China Food and Drug Administration didn't issue any guideline on the pre-clinical study of drug-eluting coronary stent system, the basic requirement of the authorized administration was summarized to help manufacture prepare the document during the registration process.


Subject(s)
China , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Drug-Eluting Stents , Guidelines as Topic
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