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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909950

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rib fractures are the most common injury in thoracic trauma. Previously,the patients with traumatic rib fractures were mostly treated non-surgically,of which 50%,especially those combined with flail chest presented chronic pain or chest wall deformities and over 30% had long-term disabilities,being unable to retain a full-time job. In the past two decades,thanks to the development of internal fixation material technology,the surgical treatment of rib fractures has achieved good outcomes. However,there are still some problems in clinical treatment,including inconsistency in surgical treatment and quality control in medical services. The current consensuses on the management of regional traumatic rib fractures published at home and abroad mainly focus on the guidance of the overall treatment decisions and plans,and relevant clinical guidelines abroad lacks progress in surgical treatment of rib fractures in recent years. Therefore,the Chinese Society of Traumatology affiliated to Chinese Medical Association and Chinese College of Trauma Surgeons affiliated to Chinese Medical Doctor Association,in conjunction with national multidisciplinary experts,formulate the Chinese Consensus for Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Rib Fractures(2021)following the principle of evidence-based medicine,scientific nature and practicality. This expert consensus puts forward some clear,applicable,and graded recommendations from aspects of preoperative imaging evaluation,surgical indications,timing of surgery,surgical methods,rib fracture sites for surgical fixation,internal fixation methods and material selections,treatment of combined injuries in rib fractures,in order to provide references for surgical treatment of traumatic rib fractures.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2980-2986, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare chelerythrine nanoparticles(CHE-NPs),optimize their formulation ,and evaluate its drug release behavior in vitro and its inhibitory effect on melanoma. METHODS :Using methoxy polyethylene glycol-poly (lactic-co- glycolic acid )(mPEG-PLGA)as carrier ,CHE-NPs were prepared by the nano-precipitation method. HPLC method and dialysis bag method were used to determine entrapment efficiency and drug loading. The formulation of CHE-NPs was optimized by Box-Behnken response surface design using overall desirability (OD)of them as dependent variables ,CHE dosage ,mPEG-PLGA concentration and poloxamer 188(F68)concentration as independent variables. The particle size and Zeta potential of CHE-NPs prepared by the optimal formulation were detected ;the characteristics of drug release in vitro were investigated ;the effects of CHE and CHE-NPs on survival rate of mice B 16 melanoma cells were compared ,and median inhibition concentrations (IC50)of them were calculated. RESULTS :The optimal formulation included CHE of 2 mg,mPEG-PLGA of 13 mg/mL,F68 of 1.8%. Average entrapment efficiency rate of CHE-NPs prepared by the optimal formulation was (80.18±1.11)%,average drug loading was (11.36±0.28)%,average OD value was 0.96±0.04 [the relative deviation from predicted value (0.90)of OD was 6.67%]; particle size was (113.1±1.40)nm,and Zeta potential was (-21.6±0.29)mV;polydispersity index was 0.07±0.01(n=3); accumulative release rates of CHE control and CHE-NPs were 90.87% and 68.68% within 8 h,and drug release behavior in vitro of the latter was in accordance with Weibull kinetic model. Inhibitory effect of CHE-NPs on B 16 melanoma cells was significantly stronger than that of CHE ;the 24 h IC 50 of CHE-NPs and CHEwere 69.35 and 107.36 μg/mL,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :The prepared CHE-NPs show good sustained-effect and high capacity of drug loading ,and strengthen the inhibitory effect of CHE on melanoma.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1003-1007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a scientific basis for reducing the rate of invalid ambulance attendance and the establishment of grades dispatch system through a retrospective analysis of the invalid ambulance attendance in prehospital emergency care.Methods:The data of the invalid ambulance attendance was collected in Huazhong University of Science and Technology Union Shenzhen Hospital (the only tertiary hospital of in Nanshan District) from 2014 to 2018, and the reasons of the invalid ambulance attendance, the time period during the invalid ambulance attendance occurred (every 3 hours was divided into one time period), and the reasons of ambulance calling were statistically analyzed.Results:① The invalid ambulance attendance rates showed a fluctuating decrease trend year by year from 2014 to 2018, the rates were 31.22% (2 515/8 055), 26.94% (2 147/7 970), 29.80% (2 398/8 046), 25.69% (1 844/7 177) and 21.89% (1 686/7 703), respectively. The total invalid ambulance attendance rate was 27.19% (10 590/38 951) in the five years. ② The top three reasons for the invalid ambulance attendance were cancelled calls, departure before the ambulance arrived, and going to hospital by themselves, accounting for 36.87%, 25.08%, and 17.03%, respectively. The constituent ratios of the causes of invalid ambulance attendance in each year were different with statistical significance (χ 2 = 217.626, P < 0.001). ③ The top three time period of invalid ambulance attendance occurred at 21:00-23:59, 18:00-20:59 and 09:00-11:59, accounting for 16.86%, 14.95% and 13.54%, respectively. There was no statistical significance in the distribution of time period in each year (χ 2 = 32.571, P = 0.252). ④ The top five reasons for ambulance calling of invalid ambulance attendance were fainting/syncope, trauma, alcoholism, traffic accident injuries, and brawls, accounting for 20.13%, 15.67%, 9.97%, 8.64%, and 6.45%, respectively, and there was statistically significant difference in the distribution of the reason for ambulance calls in each year (χ 2 = 194.213, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The invalid ambulance attendance rate is high in Nanshan District of Shenzhen. Improving the professional level and triage ability of the dispatchers, improving the system construction of prehospital emergency care system and increasing social education are conducive to reduce invalid ambulance attendance rate.

4.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1530-1536, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482739

ABSTRACT

As a new physical penetration technology for transdermal administration, theFu’s cupping therapy was established in the past decade. It had obvious characteristics of Chinese medicine and unique advantages, such as simple device, easy to operate, and economical. Referring to the relevant research reports in recent years, this overview was given in several aspects, including its features, penetration factors,in vitro andin vivoevaluation method and other penetration technologies. The understanding of development trends in the pharmaceutical field laid the foundation for further study of Fu’s cupping therapy of new physical penetration.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 199-201, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413660

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of natural avocado oil and olive oil on the proliferation and differentiation of HaCaT cells. Methods MTT assay was performed to determine the optimal work concentration of avocado oil and olive oil. Cultured HaCaT cells were divided into 3 groups, i.e., avocado oil group treated with avocado oil of 3% (v/v), olive oil group treated with olive oil of 3% (v/v), and control group without any treatment. Immunocytochemistry and immuno-dot-blot method were used to detect the expressions of c-myc, mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK ), nuclear factor ( NF)-κB, filaggrin, involucrin and keratin10 in HaCaT cells. Results As immunocytochemistry showed, the mean grey values (staining intensity) of c-myc,MAPK, and NF-κB in HaCaT cells were 131.4 ± 6.6,136.3 ± 4.5 and 134.3 ± 5.2 respectively in the avocado oil group, 121.1 ± 4.5, 107.9 ± 7.3 and 106.4 ± 5.4 respectively in the olive oil group, significantly higher than that in the control group (101.9 ± 8.9,91.4 ± 5.1 and 94.3 ± 7.0, respectively, all P< 0.05), and the avocado oil group was higher than the olive oil group in all the above parameters (all P < 0.05). Increased expressions of filaggrin, involucrin and keratin 10 were observed in the avocado oil group and olive oil group compared with the control group (all P< 0.05), and in the olive oil group than in the avocado oil group (all P< 0.05).The mean grey values of these proteins obtained by immunocytochemisty were significantly correlated with those obtained by immuno-dot-blot method in avocado oil group (r = 0.94, P < 0.01 ) and olive oil group (r=0.97, P < 0.01 ). Conclusions Certain concentrations of avocado oil and olive oil can promote the proliferation and differentiation of HaCaT cells; avocado oil is more capable to accelerate their growth and proliferation, and olive oil to enhance their differentiation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 821-823, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397419

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of vitamin C and niacinamide on the growth and differentiation of human primary cultured keratinocytes.Methods Normal human foreskin was used in this study.The epidermis was separated enzymatically from the dermis by thermolysin,and keratinocytes were isolated from the epidermis by digestion with trypsin plus EDTA.The single keratinocytes were cultured with undedying NIH-3T3 cells as feeder cells in a complete medium supplied with 50 mg/L (vitamin C group),niacinamide of 400 μmol/L(niacinamide group)or vehicle(control group).Immunocytochemistry and immunodot blot were performed using monoclonal antibodies directed against C-myc,cyclin D1,filaggrin and involucrin.Results The colony number was highest in vitamin C group,followed by the control group and niacinamide group,and the colony morphology in vitamin C group was similar to that in the control group,but distinct from that in the niacinamide group.A significant increase was noticed in the expression of C-myc,cyclin D1,filaggrin and involucrin in vitamin C-treated keratinocytes compared with the control keratinocytes(all P<0.05);however,in niacinamide-treated keratinocytes,the expression of filaggrin was significantly enhanced(P<0.01),that of involucrin remained unchanged(P>0.05),while that of C-myc was depressed(P<0.05).Conclusions These results demonstrate that vitamin C has a favorable effect on both the growth and differentiation of human keratinocytes,while niacinamide seems to only promote the differentiation but attenuate the growth of human keratinocytes.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 205-207, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408165

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) is a group of protein kinase related with neuronal apoptosis. Sleep derivation can lead to neuronal apoptosis.OBJECTIVE: To observe change and possible significance of MAPKs in rats after sleep deprivation.DESIGN: Prospective study with complete randomization.SETTING:Research Room of Nerve, Department of Physiology, Zhengzhou University.MATERIALS: The experiment was performed at Zhengzhou University from June 2000 to October 2002. Totally 24 adult healthy SD rats were selected.METHODS: A total of 24 rats were randomly assigned into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep deprivation group, REM sleep deprivation control group and normal control group with 8 rats in each group. The rats in the sleep deprivation group received successive sleep deprivationfor 72 hours from 8:00in the morning. The rats in the normal control group were fed in the rearing cage, having normal sleep-awareness cycle. Their morphological change was observed. Another 24 rats were grouped as above and determined with MAPKs. Morphological change of neurons in hippocampus of rats after sleep deprivation was observed with terminal dUTP nick end-labelling (TUNEL)staining. Changes of activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)and expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were observed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ①Morphological change of hippocampal neuron in rats after sleep derivation was observed. ②Changes of expressions of ERK and JNK in hippocampal neuron were observed.RESULTS: ①Morphological change of hippocarnpal neuron: A mass of apoptotic positive cells appeared in CA1 and CA3 regions of rats in the REM sleep deprivation group, mainly distributed in pyramidal layer of hippocampus. A few apoptotic cells appeared in CA2 region. Seldom apoptotic cells appeared in the CA4 region. There was no significant positive cell in hippocampal tissue sections of the normal control group and REM sleep deprivation control group. ②Change of ERK activity: It was significantly lower in the REM sleep deprivation group than the REM sleep deprivation control group and normal control group (1 764.00±941.56,6 139.67±2 863.62,566.700±2 763.41 ,t=3.211 1,0.986 3,P < 0.05). ③JNK positive expression: It was markedly higher in the REM sleep deprivation group than the REM sleep deprivation control group and normal control group (87.5%, 25%, 75%, t=3.412 1, P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The sleep deprivation can cause change of MAPKs activity, which may be related with neuron apoptosis.

8.
Journal of Medical Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-561580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between microalbuminuria (MA) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein in essential hypertensive subjects. Methods Urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER)and the concentrations of high-sensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) were measured. One hundred and eight patients with hypertension were divided into 2 groups: normoalbuminuria and microalbuminuria group. concentrations of hs-CRP was compared between the two groups , and the association between MA and hs-CRP was evaluated.Results Patients with microalbuminuria were significantly characterized by higher systolic blood pressure (SBP) ,pulse pressure(PP) ,circulating fibrinogen and hs-CRP. Evaluation of bivariate correlation indicated that UAER was positively correlated with SBP , PP , body mass index (BMI) ,Serum creatinine (SCr), fibrinogen and hs-CRP. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated PP, SCr and hs-CRP were independent risks associated with UAER.Conclusions Microalbuminuria is a sensitive marker in essential hypertensive subjects with early renal injury .hs-CRP is an independent risk associated with UAER ,which suggests that inflammation correlate with early renal injury in essential hypertension.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593672

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the difference in quercetin against oxidative stress response in mouse and in NIH-3T3 cells before and after H2O2 treatment,to explore the underlying mechanism for the quercetin antioxidant.Methods The cultured NIH-3T3 cells were randomly divided into 4 groups: quercetin(Q) pre-protective group(Qb) firstly treated with quercetin for 24 h followed by incubation with H2O2 for 30 min;post-protective group(Qa) treated with H2O2 for 30 min followed by incubation with quercetin for 24 h;H2O2 group(H2O2) after exposure to H2O2 for 30 min,incubated with DMEM medium and the control group(C) only cultured with DMEM medium.The survival rate and apoptotic rate were detected respectively with MTT and TUNEL in NIH-3T3 cell sus-pension samples.The expression of cyclin D1,PTEN,NF-?B,HSP-70,BCl-2,BAX and caspase-3 were examined with immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting.Besides,20 Wistar rats were divided into control group and experimental group,the latter was given with quercetin in the doze of 0.13 mmol/kg.The levels of T-AOC,SOD,GSH-Px,GSH,MDA,NOS and NO2-/NO3-were detected both in the cleaved NIH-3T3 cells and in the plasma from both experimental and control animals prior to and post-1 h,2 h and after 24 h.Results When the Qb group was compared with H2O2 or Qa group,the survival rate was higher and the apoptotic rate was lower.When the H2O2 group was compared with C group,the expression of cyclin D1、PTEN or BCl-2 was down-regulated;while that of BAX、HSP-70、NF-?B or caspase-3 was up-regulated;the level of T-AOC,SOD,GSH-Px or GSH was decreased;that of NOS、NO2-/NO3-or MDA enhanced in the cleft NIH-3T3 cells.When the plasma level of the anti-oxidative enzyme system prior to-compared with post-1h and 2h-treatment with Q,the level of T-AOC,SOD,GSH-Px and GSH,especially the former two,were higher;MDA,lower;NOS or NO2-/NO3-promoted.However,the above parameters basically became normal 24 h after treatment with Q.Conclusion Quercetin down-regulates the promoted expression of HSP70,NOS,NO2-/NO3-and NF-?B etc.in H2O2-treatment NIH-3T3 cells.Qb could reverse the H2O2 damage effects more markedly.Moreover,the quercetin exerts anti-oxidant protective effect through modulating the anti-oxidative enzyme system both in vivo and in vitro.However,based on the cell heterogeneity in none-or pre/post-H2O2-treatment state,a difference in quercetin antioxidant response is noted.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 51-52, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977937

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To research the relationship between the myocardiac ischemic activity and degree of depression in elderly patients.MethodsThe Center For Epidemiological Studies-Depressive Scale(CES-D) was administered to evaluate depressive degree for 121 patients who were defined as coronary artery diseased by coronary angiography (CAG); group A (n=64) for no depressive symptoms,group B (n=34) for minor depression, group C (n=23) for major depression were studied to observing the myocardial ischemia using Holter's recording and exercise testing.ResultsCAG showed that single vessel disease was more frequently in group A;single,double and three-vessel disease showed approximative proportion in group B,three-vessel disease was more frequently in group C.The times of ST-depress were (4.2±1.3),lasting time of ST-depress was (35.8±9.2) min,and index of ST-depress was (3.28±0.9) min/h,which were higher than those of group A [(1.8±0.3),(16.6±4.2) min,(1.76±0.4) min/h] and group C [(2.1±0.7),(17.8±5.8) min,(1.69±0.5)min/ h](P<0.05);There was significantly frequent myocardial ischemia in group B than in group A during exercise testing (χ2=3.274,P<0.05). patients in group C tended to have approximative incidence of ischemia compared with group A during daily living,but more incidence of ischemia than group B during exercise testing(χ2=5.473,P<0.05).ConclusionThe depressive degree was associated with severity of coronary artery disease,mild to moderate symptoms of depression are associated with an increased likelihood of myocardial ischemia during daily living and exercise,but patients with severity depression absence symptoms of myocardial ischemia during daily living,and exhibit markedly myocardial ischemia during exercise.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1-3, 2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635275

ABSTRACT

It is kno wn that 8-Br-cAMP is one of selective bi nding site analogues for cAMP RIIα to af fect cell growth through regulation of g ene expression.The p16,p21wafl,p53 a nd Rb are antioncogenes which affect cel l growth through control of cell cycle.T he aim of this study is to investigate t he 8-Br-cAMP effect on the expression of antioncogenes in human HXO-Rb44 cells. Methods Cultured HXO-Rb44 cells in RPMI -1 640 medium were divided into two aliquot s.8-Br-cAMP (2×10-5mol/L) was added i nto one aliquot for 24h as the experime ntal group(EG),the another aliquot witho ut 8-Br-cAMP as the control group(CG).Af ter 24h,the cell suspension was dropped onto the nitrocellulose membrane.The mR NA of p16,p21wafl,wild type(w)p53,mut ant type(m) p53 and Rb were used respec tively with biotin-labeled cDNA probes b y intact cell RNA dot blot.The immunorea ctivity(IR) of P16,P21wafl,PRb,PCN A,cdk2 and cdk4 were detected respecti vely with specific monoclonal antibodies on dot blot.ResultsThe mRNA dot blot s ignals of mp53 and protein dot blot of cdk2-IR,cdk4-IR and PCNA-IR in EG were weaker than those in CG(P<0.05~0.01). W hile,the mRNA signals of p16,p21wafl,wp53 and Rb in EG were stronger than tho se in CG(P<0.05~0.01).The intensity of ea ch protein dot blot was consistent with that of their RNA dot blot (except for w P53-IR and mP53-IR not to be done).Conc lusions(1)8-Br-cAMP could up-regul ate expression of antioncogenes includin g p16,p21wafl,wp53,Rb,and protein exp ression of P16,P21wafl and PRb.(2) 8-Br-cAMP could down-regulate mp53 gene expression and protein expression of cd k2,cdk4 and PCNA.The results suggest t hat 8-Br-cAMP could inhibit human HXO-Rb 44 cell growth through interfering rela ted gene expression of cell cycle.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523499

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the change and the possible role of MAPKs in rat hippocampus neuron after sleep deprivation. METHODS: The morphology of hippocampus neuron after sleep derivation was observed by TUNEL and HE staining, the activity of ERK was assayed by ?-liquid scintillation counting and the expression of JNK was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: In paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) group, the number of apoptotic cells in hippocampus was increased. The scores of ERK activity were (1 764.00)?941.56. Compared with control groups, the ERK activity was obviously decreased (P

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1989.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680796

ABSTRACT

In the present study the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM) and serotonin (5-HT) immunoreactivity (IR) of APUD cells and nerve fibers in the pylorus and in the skin of "Zusanli" acupo- int of rats were studied using immunohistochemical technique. Forty rats were divided into 20 pairs, one of each pair for EA (bilateral "Zusanli" acupuncture for 20 min), the other one for control. After EA the pain threshold was mark- edly increased(P

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1989.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568834

ABSTRACT

The heterogeneity is one of the main points in study on the mast cells. In the present paper, the heterogeneity of skin connective mast cells (CTMC) in comparison with that of gastrointestinal mucosal mast cells (MMC) with both toluidine blue staining and immunostaining was studied. The results showed that the CTMC fixed with formaldehyde could be demonstrated with routine toluidine blue staining, whereas the MMC could be demonstrated only with lower pH and prolonged staining duration. In immunostaining almost all of the CTMC showed serotoninimmunoreactivity, and only 10% of the CTMC showed substance P-immunoreactivity; while approximate 35% of the MMC showed serotonin-immunoreacivity and no substance P-immunoreactivity was found. The results indicate that the mast cell heterogeneity may be found in toluidine blue staining as well as in immunostaining.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1955.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568778

ABSTRACT

The met-enkephalin (MEK), leu-enkephalin (LEK) and ?-endorphin (?-EP) immunoreactivities were detected in the circulating lymphocytes of 64 guinea pigs by PAP immunohistochemical method under the conditions of electroacupuncture, naloxone or exogenous opioid like peptides (OLP). Subsequently the ?-naphthyl acetate esterase (ANAE)was demonstrated on partial immunostained lymphocyte samples. The results showed that the OLP immunoreactivity with different intensity was found in approximate 96% of the lymphocytes. There was a positive correlation between the ANAE-focal pattern lymphocytes and MEK-IIRL (intense immunoreactivity lymphocytes)or ?-EP-IIRL; whereas there was no significant correlation between the ANAE-focal pattern lymphocytes and LEK-IIRL. The MEK-IIRL, LEK-IIRL and ?-EP-IIRL were all increased markedly in the guinea pigs which underwent electroacupuncture at "Zusanli" points. There was no significant difference in MEK-IIRL, LEK-IIRL and ?-EP-IIRL, when the acupuncture group, naloxone group and control group were compared with each other. However, the LEK-IIRL, MEK-IIRL and ?-EP-IIRL could be depressed by naloxone, when the lymphocytes were preincubated with 10~(-7)mol/L of MEK, LEK or ?-EP in vitro. Hence, the naloxone group had a significant difference in MEK-IIRL, LEK-IIRL or ?-EP-IIRL when compared with the acupuncture group. A high peak of the lymphocyte MEK-IR among the range of 10~(-10)—10~(-8)mol/L of MEK preincubation in the acupuncture group when compared with the control group. It suggests that electroacupuncture may enhance activity of the unbound MEK receptor.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1955.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568461

ABSTRACT

70 patients including 60 cases under acupuncture anesthesia and 10 cases under drug anesthesia were observed. Before and 20 minutes after acupuncture the blood samples were taken from the patient ear lobes respectively, and in some patients taken once again 24 hrs after acupuncture. The electroacupuncture point Hegu or Zusanli was mainly adopted. As the method for detection of cell-mediated immunity(CMI) in vitro the improved microtechnique of whole blood for E-rosette (active and nonactive) and lymphocyte transformation tests was used. In performance of active rosetting the total leucocyte count and the differential lymphocyte count were done for calculation of absolute number of active rosette forming cells (RFC). The mean value of increase of active RFC was 12.7?1.43, the decrease was 6.8?1.77 after acupuncture. The increment of the absolute number of active RFC was 175?63.59. However no marked effect on the drug anesthesia group was found. In the lymphocyte transformation assay the increase was 12.7?1.49, the decrease was 7.0?2.19, and the enhancement effect still exhibited 24 hrs after acupuncture. In these tests an increase was mostly found in those with a lower or a usual CMI level; a decrease often found in those with a higher CMI level prior to acupuncture. The increase or decrease level in the results of three kinds of test (active, nonactive RFC and lymphocyte transformation) was similar, the increase range was 12~13%, the decrease range 6~7%. As the former compared with the latter, the promotion was prominent by all means.

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1955.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568359

ABSTRACT

After acupuncture,histamine flares are often found on skin arround acupuncture points in most patients,histamine and other biologically active substances are always present in the local soft tissues.“Meridian phenomena”,such as urticarious skin reaction or red line along the meridian may be shown in a few patients.It is well known that mast cells release histamine and other active mediators.The purpose of this paper is to observe the distribution of mast cells in the connective tissue at points in albino rats and if there is any difference in the distribution pattern of mast cells between adult and new born rats. 52 albino rats,including adult,new born and developing ones were investigated. Points selected on the lower extremities were identified by decreased electric resistance and were marked with indian ink:the electric resistance of skin beside points was detected simultaneously as control.The mast cells in the spread preparations of subcu- taneous connective tissue(fascia)in albino rats were fixed in alcohol-formalin and stained with toluidin blue.Most specimens of fascia were fixed at first and spread on the slides later,while some specimens were spread before fixation.No essential difference between both kinds of specimens was found. In the adult rats,the mast cells in fasciae are distributed not uniformly,they are oval in shape and are usually arranged in rows along the cell length with polarity. Many rows of mast cells are packed to form an elongated zone.Several zones oriented in the direction of the longitudinal axis of lower extremities are found.The mast cells are crowded in the field of marked points along the zone.Besides,it is found that the mast cells along small blood vessels are slender and fusiform in shape. However,in new born rats,mast cells are distributed uniformly and most of them are round in shape.The mast cells are arranged in random way without polarity.In the arrangement of mast cells neither row nor zone is found,and there is no difference in distribution of them everywhere. In the developing rats aged one month or so,the morphology of mast cells is similar to that of the new born,except that they are more numerous at the points. In the adult rats,electric resistance at various points is 260 kilo-ohm,while that of control is more than 500 kilo-ohm.In contrast with the adult,the electric resistance on any part of skin(at point or not)of the new born is equal,more than 500 kilo- ohm,and the electric resistance of points is decreased with development of albino rats in which an apparent decrease may be demonstrated in the rats aged about one month.It seems to be that there are parallel changes with growth of individuals between the morphological character of mast cells in the fasciae and functional property detected by electric resistance at points. It has been considered that the morphology and amount of mast cells may indicate the activity of metabolism of connective tissue.It suggests thence that the metabolism of fasciae at points may be more active and the points may be formed with the developed function in individuals after birth in albino rats.

18.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1954.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568559

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the technique for histochemical demonstration of the different lymphocyte patterns by alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase (ANAE) activity from a single microscopic slide, 10 kinds of comparative experiments were performed. The results showed as follows. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells first fixed in 0.4% glutaldehyde and postfixed in 15% formol calcium gave the best effect on preserving the enzyme activity and on connterstaning of the leucocyte nuclei. During formol calcium fixation, the erythrocytes were dissolved from the diluted blood film with PBS more easily than from the blood smear without any dilution. The lymphocytes were distributed more uniformly and densely in the former specimen than in the latter. When incubated with 0.5 mg alpha-naphthyl acetate/ml medium in hexoazotized pararosaniline for 1(1/2)~2 hrs at 37℃, the distinct ANAE patterns of circulating lymphocytes were more readily identified.In 28 healthy adults the differential counts of the lymphocyte ANAE patterns from the diluted blood specimen was similar to those found from the specimen of isolated lymphocytes. The focal pattern was about 56%, the diffuse pattern about 25% and the negative pattern about 19%; while the isolated lymphocyte specimen was compared with the diluted blood film from the same individuals, the focal pattern was decreased insignificantly, the diffuse pattern increased and the negative pattern decreased significantly.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1954.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568352

ABSTRACT

The cholinesterase(ChE)and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)activities in blood smears of 37 patients were observed before and 20 minutes after electroacupuncture.Hegu and Zusanli were mainly chosen as the acupuncture points.Karnovsky method was used to demonstrate ChE,activity,and tetrazolium-formazan reaction for LDH activity. Before acupuncture,all formed elements of blood showed both ChE and LDH acti- vities.In red blood cells ChE and LDH activities were localized at the cell membrane, while in white blood cells they were found throughout the cytoplasm as colored granu- les.The granulocytes showed greater ChE and lesser LDH activities than the lymph- ocytes.The platelets also showed greater LDH and ChE activities,especially the former. On the whole,platelets and leucocytes,as compared with erythrocytes,showed greater activities for ChE and LDH. Under microscopic observation,according to the amount and color of granules,the degrees of GhE and LDH activities for each kind of blood formed elements before and after acupuncture were recorded as different markes,such as +、++、+++ and so on.The degrees of GhE or LDH activity in various formed elements of blood were compared by means of statistical tests.After acupuncture,both GhE and LDH activities of all blood formed elements were increased(p

20.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1953.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680942

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between acupuncture analgesia and cellular immunity, the acupuncture effect on expression of c fos mRNA, ppENKmRNA,iNOSmRNA and iNOS activity in the mouse peritoneal macrophage were studied. Methods Twenty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 2 groups:a,the acupuncture group treated with 5Hz electroacupuncture (EA); b, the control group treated with no EA. The pain threshold was detected by K + ionophoresis method before and after EA or restraining. The experiment was performed by using in situ hybridization, NADPH NBT histochemistry, RNA dot blot and protein dot blot techniques. All dot blot signals were scanned for statistical analysis. Results The hybridization signals and iNOS activity appeared as granules in bluish violet color, localized in the cytoplasm of the macrophage. All dot blot signals were increased in the acupuncture group, when compared with those in the control group( P

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