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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- γ (PPAR-γ) agonists rosiglitazone on the hepatocytes of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and the regulatory mechanism.Methods:Seventy two healthy male SD rats, weighing 255-315 g, aged 49-56 days, were randomly divided into SAP model group ( n=24, SAP model preparation), rosiglitazone group ( n=24, rosiglitazone intravenous injection after SAP model preparation) and sham operation group ( n=24, normal saline injection only). After 6 h, 12h and 24 hours of injection, 8 rats were treated at each time point. HE staining was used to study the liver tissue structure and detect the levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-6, AST, ALT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the rats. Western blot was used to detect the expression of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), Janus activated kinase (JAK)2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3. Results:The levels of serum TNF-α , IL-1β, IL-6, AST, ALT, LDH in SAP model group and rosiglitazone group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (all P<0.05). IL-1β at 6, 12h and 24 h in rosiglitazone group was (226.5±52.1)ng/L, (458.2±82.3)ng/L, (556.4±83.4) ng/L, ALT was (158. 3±39.2) U/L, (235.0±44.6)U/L, (298.4±56.6) U/L, which was lower than that in SAP model group (443. 5±62.3) ng/L, (622.6±78.3) ng/L, (789.1±105.7) ng/L and (198.4±42.5)U/L, (253.8±47.0)U/L, (337.2±60.1) U/L, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). AST and LDH in rosiglitazone group were also lower than those in SAP model group at each time point, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). HE staining showed that there were less inflammation, hemorrhage and necrosis in rosiglitazone group than those in SAP model group. Expression of STAT3 in liver of rosiglitazone group at 6 h, 12 h and 24 h was (0.22±0.03), (0.30±0.04), (0.31±0.06), lower than SAP model group (0. 28±0.04), (0.38±0.05), (0.40±0.06), the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Expression of JAK2 and HMGB1 in rosiglitazone group at 12 h and 24 h was also lower than that in SAP model group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:PPAR-γ agonists rosiglitazone can protect the SAP rats suffering from hepatocyte injury and inflammation, through JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868927

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the use of nephroscopic peripancreatic necrotic tissue removal through drainage tube sinus tracts without the use of anesthesia.Methods:The data of 17 patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) were treated from August 2016 to December 2019 at the Affiliated Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were studied. There were 5 males and 12 females, age ranged from 24 to 80 years (mean 49.3 years). These 17 patients underwent nephroscopic pancreatic necrosis tissue removal through drainage tube sinus tracts of drains using a dual-scope necrosectomy approach without the use of any anesthesia. The surgical related and follow-up data were analysed.Results:Of 17 patients who underwent pancreatic necrosis removal as the first operation, one underwent a further postoperative nephroscopic resection without anesthesia, while 10 patients underwent three nephroscopic resections without anesthesia, and 6 patients underwent four nephroscopic resections without anesthesia. The operative durations of nephroscopic resection without anesthesia was 26 to 37 min. All patients had smooth surgical procedures and they were fed on the same day after surgery. There were no postoperative complications on follow-up after discharge from hospital for 1 to 40 months.Conclusion:Transcatheter sinusoidal nephroscopic pancreatic necrotic tissue removal without anesthesia was safe. There was no need for fasting. The procedure is minimally invasive and it can be repeated, especially for those patients who cannot tolerate any form of anesthesia. This is the least invasive procedure for treatment of SAP.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710552

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictor of invalid conservative treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC) in pregnant women.Methods A total of 107 pregnant patients with ACC in a tertiary hospital from Jan.2010 to Jun.2017 were studied retrospectively.Results Univariate analysis revealed that body temperature > 37.3 ℃ (x2 =4.721,P < 0.05),gallbladder dilation (x2 =4.764,P < 0.05),TBiL (t=-2.518,P<0.05),ALT (t=-2.860,P<0.05),AST (t=-3.014,P<0.05),hospital stay (x2 =9.769,P < 0.05),rate of pregnancy termination (x2 =7.349,P < 0.05) were all significantly higher in conservative therapy failure group than those in the conservative therapy success group.Multivariate analysis showed that gallbladder dilation,TBiL,body temperature > 37.3 ℃,AST were the independent risk factors predicting invalid conservative management.Conclusion Gallbladder dilation,body temperature > 37.3 ℃,high level of TBiL and AST are the early predictors for the invalid conservative management for ACC in pregnant women.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621395

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the blood-saving effect of prophylactic tranexamic acid (TXA) use in the patients undergoing cervical spine surgery.Methods A total of 100 patients of both sexes,aged 55-75 yr,with body mass index of 19.0-25.0 kg/m2,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,undergoing elective cervical laminectomy and instrumentation,were divided into TXA group and normal saline group (group NS) using a random number table,with 50 patients in each group.TXA 15 mg/kg was intravenously injected at 30 min before skin incision in group TXA,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group NS.Hemoglobin was measured before operation and on postoperative days 1,3 and 5.The intraoperative,postoperative,total blood loss,hidden blood loss and requirement for blood (allogeneic and autologous blood) transfusion were recorded.The development of complications such as epidural hematoma,deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism was also recorded.Results Compared with group NS,the postoperative blood loss,total blood loss and blood transfusion rate were significantly decreased,the postoperative hemoglobin was increased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the intraoperative blood loos or hidden blood loss in group TXA (P>0.05).No patients developed complications such as epidural hematoma,deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism in the two groups.Conclusion Prophylactic TXA use produces blood-saving effect to some extent in the patients undergoing cervical spine surgery.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505751

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM).Methods Cases of PPM with description of echocardiographic presentations from China mainland were searched from database during 1981 to 2015.Data about the clinical and echocardiographic features of the patients were collected.Results A total of 122 patients were included for analysis.It involved mainly middle-aged [(39.9 ± 14.7)years] and male patients (79,64.8%).The most common echocardiographic demonstration was pericardial effusion (74.6%) with were mostly bloody (97.7%),followed by pericardial masses (36.9%) and pericardial thickening (18.0%).The echocardiographic diagnostic accordance rate was about 26.2%.Conclusions The most common presentation of PPM on echocardiogram is massive pericardial effusion.Echocardiography is of great value in screening and assessment of PPM.The definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological examination.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 84-88, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349228

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of 66 patients from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital undergoing LPD from September 2012 to September 2014 were reviewed. There were 44 male and 22 female with the mean age of (58.7±10.3) years and mean body mass index of (23.5±3.9)kg/m(2). Forty-five patients presented the symptoms and four of all had the history of abdominal surgery, including 2 cases of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 66 patients underwent laparoscopic procedure, 1 patient underwent LPD combined with right hepatic resection, 1 patient underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with LPD, and 1 patient underwent LPD after laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. The mean operative time was (367±49) minutes. The mean blood loss was(193±126)ml. The rate of overall postoperative complications was 36.4%(24/66), with 4.5%(3/66) of B or C pancreatic fistula and 7.6% (5/66) of bleeding. The mean postoperative hospital stay was (18.9±12.1) days. Mean tumor size was (3.8±2.3) cm, and the mean number of lymph nodes harvested was (20.3±10.9). Forty-severn patients were diagnosed as pancreatic adenocarcinoma(n=18), cholangiocarcinoma(n=7), ampullary adenocarcinoma(n=21), and gastric cancer(n=1), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LPD is feasible and safe under the skilled hand.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , General Surgery , Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Fistula , Pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications
7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1358-1361, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488726

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine pretreatment on the expression of caspase-12 in lung tissues undergoing one-lung ventilation (OLV) in rats.Methods Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 180-220 g, were randomly allocated into 3 groups (n=10 each) using a random number table: two-lung ventilation (TLV) group, OLV group and dexmedetomidine group (Dex group).Bilateral lungs were ventilated for 2 h in group TLV.In OLV and Dex groups, unilateral lung was ventilated for 1.5 h followed by 0.5 h TLV.In group Dex, dexmedetomidine was infused intravenously at a rate of 3.0 μ g · kg-1 · h-1 over 60 min starting from 60 min prior to OLV.The equal volume of normal saline was given instead of dexmedetomidine in OLV and TLV groups.Peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and mean airway pressure (Paw) were recorded at 45 min of OLV and 15 min of TLV in OLV and Dex groups, and at 15 min of TLV in group TLV.The rats were then sacrificed, and left lungs were removed for microscopic examination of the pathologic changes (using HE staining) and the ultrastructure of lung tissues (with transmission electron microscope) and for determination of wet to dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio), cell apoptosis in lung tissues (by TUNEL), caspase-12 mRNA expression (using real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction), and caspase-12 expression (by Western blot).Results Ppeak and Paw were significantly lower at 15 min of TLV than at 45 min of OLV in OLV and Dex groups (P<0.05).Compared to group TLV, W/D ratio and AI were significantly increased, and the expression of caspase-12 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in OLV and Dex groups (P<0.01).Compared to group OLV, W/D ratio and AI were significantly decreased, and the expression of caspase-12 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group Dex (P < 0.01).The pathologic changes of lung tissues were significantly alleviated in group Dex as compared with group OLV.Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine pretreatment alleviates acute lung injury caused by OLV is associated with down-regulated expression of caspase-12 and inhibited cell apoptosis in rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480779

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical efficacy of Easy First strategy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.Methods The clinical data of 9 patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who were admitted to the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University (8 patients) and Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital (1 patient) from June 2013 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Nine patients underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy based on the Easy First strategy (to sequentially dissect and amputate jejunum,stomach,hepatoduodenal ligament,common bile duct,main portal vein,head of pancreas,second segment and third segment of the duodenum,uncinate process and neck of pancreas).The operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss,postoperative pathological examination,complications and duration of hospital stay were recorded.Patients were followed up once every 3 months by outpatient examination and telephone interview up to June 2015.Results Of 9 patients,4 received totally laparoscopic PD (2 received partial resection and repair of portal venous wall),1 received laparoscopic assisted resection and digestive tract reconstruction,and 4 received laparoscopic transection of jejunum,bile tract and stomach and conversion to open surgery for resection and digestive tract reconstruction (1 with severe adhesion between tumor and portal vein,3 with bleeding due to dissection of neck and unciform process of pancreas).The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss in all patients and in 4 patients with totally laparoscopic PD were (404 ± 49) minutes and (456 ± 348) mL,(395 ± 61) minutes and (188 ± 25) mL,respectively.Of 9 patients,5 with postoperative complications were cured without perioperative death,including 2 with Grade B pancreatic fistula,1 with biliary leakage,1 receiving reoperation due to gastric stump bleeding at postoperative day 7 and 1 with abdominal infection.The extubation time of right drainage tube and left drainage tube was (9 ± 5) days and (11 ± 4) days,respectively.The duration of hospital stay was (24 ± 10)days.All patients were diagnosed as with pancreatic cancer by pathological examinations with the tumor diameter of (3.2 ± 0.8) cm.The number of harvested lymph nodes in all patients and in 4 patients with totally laparoscopic PD were 16.8 (range,6.0-25.0) and 19.8 (range,15.0-25.0).All the patients were followed up for mean time of 12 months (range,4-24 months),including 1 death at postoperative month 3,1 with tumor survival of 20 months and others with tumor-free survival.The postoperative survival time of 4 patients was more than 18 months at the end of follow-up.Conclusion Easy First strategy in laparoscopic PD is safe,feasible and practical for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443854

ABSTRACT

In this paper,we analyzed the current status of objective structured clinical exam-ination (OSCE) in the assessment of the domestic medical students, the results achieved and the problems encountered. Meanwhile,we proposed that we can optimize the station,unify SP selection and training and improve the evaluation content and subject in order to enhance the operating effect of OSCE.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395237

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the coping style and influencing factors of the recipients after relative kidney transplantation. Methods Medical coping modes questionnaire (MCMQ) and observa-tion interview were performed in the sampling survey, 56 case of recipients after relative kidney transplanta-tion according to the adopted standard were analyzed. Results The confronting score of all the cases were close to that of normal model, but the avoiding score and yielding score significantly increased. The prospective health conditions of the relative donors, function and survival time of the graft kidney, rejection reaction and other complication after transplantation were the main factors affecting the coping style of the recipients. Conclusions Based on the accurate evaluation of the coping style, nursing intervention should be aimed at the recipients following relative riving donor kidney transplantation, in order to help the recipients create a correct coping style and improve the survival rate of patient/kidney.

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