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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 99-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932456


Objective:To evaluate the correlation of active inflammatory changes of the symphysis pubis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans with clinical factors in patients with axial spondyloarthritis.Methods:We retrospectively evaluated 112 patients with axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA) in our hospital from February 2014 to November 2020. Patients were divided into 4 groups: symphysis pubis + sacroiliac arthritis, symphysis pubis + non-sacroiliac arthritis, non-symphysis pubis + sacroiliac arthritis, and non symphysis pubis + non-sacroiliac arthritis group. Intra-group correlation coefficient ( ICC) was used to analyze the correlation between MRI active inflammation of the symphysis pubis and the sacroilioarthritis. Age, sex, symptom duration, smoking, body mass index, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 positive rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) among the four groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square test. Results:The proportion of active inflammation of the symphysis pubis was 35.7% (40/112). There was no correlation between active inflammation of the symphysis pubis and sacroilioarthritis ( r=-0.06, P=0.559). Twenty-four patients of the 69 patients with sacroilioarthritis had active inflammation of the symphysis pubis, 16 patients of the 43 patients without sacroilioarthritis had active inflammation of the symphysis pubis. In patients without active inflammation of the sacroiliac joint, the CRP and ESR of the active inflammation of the symphysis pubis group was (49±60) mg/L, (40±19) mm/1 h, statistically higher than that of the non-active inflammation group (19±22) mg/L, (22±37) mm/1 h ( t=2.36, P=0.023; t=2.88, P=0.006). In patients who had active inflammation of the symphysis pubis, the symptom duration of the non-active inflammation of the sacroiliac joint, was (14±9) years, which was significantly longer than that of the active inflammation group (5±4) years ( t=4.07, P=0.001). Conclusion:There is no correlation between active inflammatory changes of the symphysis pubis and bone marrow edema of the sacroiliac joint. Therefore, in ax-SpA patients with inflammatory low back pain and/or hip/groin pain, and also with high levels of CRP, ESR, but no active inflammatory changes of the sacroiliac joint on MRI scans, active inflammation of the symphysis pubis should be considered.

Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 343-346, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753033


Objective To assess the safety and feasibility of video electroencephalographic (VEEG) monitoring in preterm infants and critically ill neonates in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Method From December 2017 to June 2018, high risk infants were prospectively enrolled and received VEEG monitoring in our NICU. Their basic information, adverse events and disturbances of any procedure during VEEG monitoring were collected by specially-trained nurses. Result A total of 245 times of VEEG were recorded. The average gestational age (GA) was (32.1 ± 3.6) weeks, the birth weight (BW) was (1879 ± 757) g, the corrected GA (cGA) at VEEG monitoring was (33.8±3.3) weeks, and the average weight at VEEG monitoring was (2008±716) g. The earliest cGA at VEEG monitoring was 25+5 weeks, and the lowest weight at VEEG monitoring was 520 g. The average monitoring duration was (4.9±2.4) h, ranging from 3 to 20 hours. During VEEG monitoring, 80 cases (32.7%) received noninvasive ventilation, 43 cases (17.6%) mechanical ventilation. The adverse events during electrodes placement were oxygen desaturation in 8(3.3%) cases. During VEEG monitoring, local skin erythema were found in 4 cases (1.6%), and electrodes displacement in 2(0.8%) cases. The disturbances of any clinical procedures were reported in 18(7.3%) cases. No severe adverse events such as displacement of endotracheal tube nor events requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation occurred during VEEG monitoring. Conclusion It is feasible and safe for trained NICU nurses to place electrodes for high risk neonates.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510674


Objective To study the clinical presentations,radiologic features,prognosis,and possible causes of liver injury associated umbilical venous catheter (UVC ).Methods We reviewed database of our NICU from December 2012 to November 2015 and identified preterm infants with liver injury while UVC in place.The gestational age,birth weight,gender,days of UVC in place prior to liver injury, the depth of UVC (cm),UVC tip position,ultrasound findings of liver injury,laboratory tests,treatment and outcomes were collected.Results During study period,322 infants received UVC insertion.Ten cases (3.1 %)of liver injury associated with UVC were diagnosed.Of the ten infants,nine were diagnosed as extravasation of fluid to liver parenchyma,and one was diagnosed as liver hematoma.The mean birth weight was (1184 ±207)g,mean gestational age was (28.5 ±1.7)weeks.The UVC tip was at thoracic (T) vertebrae T 9 to T 11 level,nine UVC tips were below the right diaphragm level.All UVCs were used for total parenteral nutrition before liver injury was diagnosed.Six infants had clinical manifestations,and four infants were free of clinical manifestations.The most prominent clinical signs were abdominal distension (n =5),weak bowel sounds (n =5)and hepatomegaly (n =4).One infant who was diagnosed with liver hematoma also had progressive hemoglobin decline (minimum 34 g/L)and shock.Abdominal ultrasound showed well-limited,irregular,hyperechoic rimmed lesions with heterogeneously hypoechoic centers or anechoic liquid dark space.Extravasation of fluid to liver parenchyma will restorate within one week after the UVC was remove.One baby who was diagnosed as liver hematoma passed away at 9 days of life.Liver ultrasound of eight returned to normal in 52 days to 3.5 months,and one had calcified lesions at 9 months of age.Conclusions Liver injury is an unusual complication of UVC insertion and usage.Proper positioning of the UVC tip may help to avoid this complication.Early recognition,prompt diagnosis with liver ultrasound examination and timely treatment can lead to better outcome in newborns with extravasation of fluid to liver parenchyma.