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1.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 148-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of aspirin combined with atorvastatin in the prevention of new onset atrial fibrillation after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods:208 patients with coronary artery bypass grafting in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as the research subjects and divided by a random number table method into groups. The control group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin before operation, and the observation group (104 cases) was treated with aspirin and atorvastatin before operation. ECG monitoring was carried out continuously for 7 days of patients in the two groups, and the occurrence and duration of AF were recorded. The clinical therapeutic efficacy, incidence and adverse reactions of AF, left atrial diameter and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level were observed before and after treatment.Results:The incidence of AF in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no statistical significant difference in the starting time of AF between the two groups after operation ( P>0.05). The duration of AF in the observation group was better than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Before treatment, there was no statistical significant difference in left atrial diameter and hs-CRP level between the two groups ( P>0.05). After treatment, the left atrial diameter in the observation group returned to that before treatment, and there was no statistical significant difference in the same group ( P>0.05). The left atrial diameter in the control group was higher than that before treatment, and there was statistical significant difference in the same group ( P<0.05). The level of hs-CRP was lower than that in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in both groups. Conclusion:Aspirin combined with atorvastatin has a significant effect in preventing new onset AF after OPCABG. It can reduce the incidence of postoperative AF, shorten the duration of AF, effectively control the inner diameter of left atrium, reduce the degree of postoperative inflammatory reaction, and has no adverse effects. It is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 92-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the early effect of water sac blocking and Heartstring for proximal anastomosis of the calcific ascending aorta.Methods:The data of 400 consecutive patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. 46 patients with calcific ascending aorta including 40 males and 6 females, with the age ranged from 53 to 73 years and an average of(65.2±5.1) years, who were revealed by preoperative chest CT scan and intraoperative palpation. According to the method of proximal anastomosis, the patients were divided into 2 groups: water sac blocking group(n=19) and Heartstring group(n=27). The effect of preventing postoperative stroke was compared by counting the incidence of postoperative stroke. The efficacy of the 2 methods was compared by detecting the flow and pulsatility fraction of the saphenous vein trunk during surgery, observing the dynamic changes of the electrocardiogram and cTnI level within 48h after the surgery, and reviewing the coronary CTA 3 months after discharge.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 4-13 days postoperatively. No adverse events such as stroke and malignant ventricular arrhythmia occurred during perioperative period. 1 patient in each group developed low cardiac output syndrome postoperatively, and both improved after IABP placement. 1 patient in Heartstring group developed acute inferior myocardial infarction, which was improved after IABP placement. Coronary CTA 3 months after operation showed that there was no proximal anastomotic stenosis in both groups.Conclusion:There is no significant difference between the 2 proximal anastomosis methods in preventing stroke after OPCABG in patients with ascending aortic calcification. Compared with Heartstring, water sac blocking does not increase the risk of proximal anastomotic stenosis. In addition, water sac blocking does not require expensive consumables, which is especially suitable for patients with limited funds and can be generalized.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 292-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early effect of different antithrombotic therapy in patients with coronary endarterectomy(CE) combined with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG).Methods:Between January and December 2021, 154 consecutive patients including 120 males and 34 females with the age ranged from 39 to 78 years and an average of(62.6±7.2) years who underwent CE+ OPCABG were evaluated retrospectively. According to the postoperative anticoagulant therapy, patients were divided into two groups: Aspirin+ low molecular weight heparin group(n=81, LMWH group) and Aspirin+ ticagrelor group(n=73, ticagrelor group). The data of both preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin level and blood transfusion after the surgery were collected. The dynamic changes of electrocardiogram and cTnI level were observed within 48 h after the surgery.Results:There was no perioperative death, and all the patients were discharged 5-13 days postoperatively. After the initiation of anticoagulant therapy, the lowest hemoglobin value in the LMWH group and ticagrelor group was(88.3±14.6)g/L vs.(89.5±11.6)g/L( P>0.05), blood transfusion was performed in 8 vs. 5 patients with hemoglobin below 70g/L( P>0.05), peak cTnI within 48 h of surgery was 850.55(410.63, 1 662.63)pg/ml vs. 1 184.60(667.50, 3 169.63)pg/ml( P<0.05), the number of patients with perioperative myocardial infraction within 48h after the surgery confirmed by electrocardiogram was 2(2.5%) vs.2(2.5%), P>0.05. Conclusion:There was no significant difference between the two anticoagulant treatments in preventing perioperative myocardial infarction after CE+ OPCABG surgery. LMWH did not increase the risk of postoperative bleeding compared with ticagrelor. In addition, aspirin+ LMWH reduced the levels of peak TnI within 48 h of surgery, which may be associated with better long-term postoperative outcomes, but further research is needed to confirm this.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 349-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe a distal anastomosis support (DAS) technique, and retrospectively investigate the effect of DAS on the mid-term graft patency of patient with small posterior descending artery.Methods:Between January and December 2016, 100 patients with triple-vessel disease and small PDA who continuously underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) (OPCABG group, n=50) and OPCABG with DAS for anastomosis of PDA grafted by saphenous vein (SVG) (OPCABG+ DAS group, n=50) were evaluated retrospectively. The dynamic changes of electrocardiogram and TnI level were observed within 48h after the surgery. All patients came back to follow-up visit 6th, 12th, 24th and 36th postoperative month. The primary endpoint was the graft failure (FitzGibbon B or O) of SVG-PDA on the follow-up CTA.Results:There was no death during the operation. There was no acute inferior wall myocardial infarction confirmed by electrocardiogram. Peak TnI within 48h of surgery was 0.74(0.98)ng/ml vs. 0.92(1.29)ng/ml, P>0.05, and the number of patients with peak TnI≥70×ULN was 3(6%, 3/50) vs.5(10%, 5/50), P>0.05. There was no postoperative death, and all the patients were discharged 5-15 days postoperatively. We found significantly improved cumulative graft patency in OPCABG+ DAS group at 36 months after operation [85.7%(42/49) vs. 68.0%(34/50), P<0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, PDA with atherosclerotic lesions ( OR=6.513, 95% CI: 1.279-33.180, P=0.024), and peak TnI≥70×ULN within 48 h of surgery ( OR=5.948, 95% CI: 1.128-31.368, P=0.036) were independent predictors of graft failure, whereas concomitant DAS ( OR=0.222, 95% CI: 0.069-0.713, P=0.011) was significant protective factor. Conclusion:Concomitant DAS conferred superior mid-term patency of SVG-PDA in patients with small PDA. Adding the DAS procedure to OPCABG may be a promising surgical option for small PDA with atherosclerotic lesions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 737-740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of genetic testing of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 in determining the dosage of warfarin after aortic valve replacement.Methods:A total of 172 patients receiving warfarin after aortic valve replacement were divided into a control group(86 cases) and an experimental(86 cases) group based on acceptance of genetic testing. In the experimental group, three loci of VKORC1 and CYP2C9 were tested by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique, and the initial dose of warfarin was determined based on the genetic testing results and warfarin oral-dose table recommended by U. S. Food and Drug Administration(FDA). In the control group, warfarin(3 mg/d) was used as the initial dose. The international normalized ratio(INR) of each patient was continuously monitored after medication. The percentages of patients meeting the target INR in the two groups at specific time points and at 3-month follow-up after discharge from the hospital were monitored, and the incidence of various adverse events was compared between the groups.Results:Based on the results of genetic testing, 68 patients received 3 mg/d(79.1%), 10 patients received 1.5 mg/d(11.6%), and eight patients received 6 mg/d(9.3%) as the initial dosages of warfarin in the experimental group. The percentages of the patients meeting the target INR on the third and sixth day of postoperative medication were 45.3% and 73.3%, respectively, in the experimental group, and 29.8% and 58.3%, respectively, in the control group( P<0.05). The INR critical values during hospitalization occurred in 2.3% in the experimental group and in 7.1% in the control group, while the percentage of the patients meeting the target INR after 3 months was 86.1% in the experimental group and 83.1% in the control group. Conclusion:Genetic testing may guide the selection of the initial dose of warfarin after heart valve replacement to rapidly achieve a stable dose.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 83-88, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871589

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcomes and mechanisms of coronary endarterectomy combined with electrocautery in patients with diffused coronary artery disease undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods:From January 2017 to September 2018, 300 patients undergoing CABG with left anterior descending artery endarterectomy were randomly divided into two groups, after fully informed the risks and other related issues regarding the operations. All the patients in the two groups were treated with CABG. In the study group, patients underwent electrocautery immediately after endarterectomy, whereas in the control group, patients underwent endarterectomy only. The electrocardiogram and serological examination (TNI, IL-6 and TNF-a) were performed at 2 h, 24 h, 72 h and 120 h after operation. The follow-up duration was 1 year.Results:Nine patients in the study group, and 25 patients in the control group had ST segment elevation. The levels of TNI, IL-6 and TNF-a were continuously increased in both groups, and reached the peak at 24 h, then decreased slowly. The levels of TNF-a were significantly lower at 2 h postoperatively in the study group ( P=0.01). There was no significant difference in the levels of TNI and IL-6 between the two groups. The levels of TNI, TNF-a and IL-6 were significantly lower in the electrocautery group at 24 h, 72 h, and 120 h after operation( P<0.05). One year after operation, incidences of ST segment elevation in the study group were significantly lower than that in the control group, and there was no significant difference in restenosis rate and myocardial infarction rate. Conclusion:Endarterectomy combined with electrocautery may prevent the restenosis of the lumen and blood turbulence, smooth the inner wall of the vessel, slow down the release of inflammatory factors in the peripheral blood, inhibit the expression of inflammatory factors in the vessels, and reduce the myocardial damage. The short-term effect was satisfactory; the long-term anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic effect still need further investigations.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 534-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between serum high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) and severity of coronary artery disease.Methods:From January 2018 to March 2019, 170 patients who underwent coronary angiography and were definitely diagnosed with coronary heart disease in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were divided into single-vessel lesion group(65 cases), double-vessel lesion group(55 cases) and three-vessel lesion group(50 cases) according to the results of coronary angiography.Sixty healthy persons in the same period were set as the control group.The serum levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, C-reaction protein (CRP), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected, and the severity of coronary artery disease was evaluated according to Gensini score standard.Results:The serum HMGB1 of patients with single vessel disease was (7.35±0.75) μg/L, that of double vessel disease group was (11.56±1.16) μg/L, that of three vessel disease group was (14.36±1.46) μg/L, and that of control group was (3.22±1.52) μg/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=14.235, P<0.001). The serum endothelin-1 in single vessel disease group was (198.56±19.86) ng/L, that in double vessel disease group was (226.54±22.64) ng / L, that in three vessel disease group was (435.65±43.95) ng/L, and that in control group was (120.47±13.27) ng/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=16.337, P<0.001). The serum CRP of patients with single vessel disease was (6.21±0.61) ng/L, that of double vessel disease group was (8.54±0.84) ng/L, that of three vessel disease group was (11.36±1.16) ng/L, and that of control group was (3.39±1.56) ng/L.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=15.206, P<0.001). Serum LDL-C was (3.23±0.33) mmol/L in single vessel disease group, 4.12±0.42 mmol/L in double vessel disease group, (6.23±0.63) mmol/L in three vessel disease group and (2.25±1.45) mmol/L in control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=22.017, P<0.001). Serum HDL-C was (4.02±0.42) mmol/L in single vessel disease group, (2.35±0.25) mmol/L in double vessel disease group, (1.79±0.29) mmol/L in three vessel disease group and (4.60±1.69) mmol/L in control group.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=18.564, P<0.001). The Gensini score of single vessel disease group was (10.36±2.26), that of double vessel disease group was (16.74±1.04) and that of three vessel disease group was (23.36±2.36). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=23.014, P<0.001). The levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C in patients with coronary heart disease were significantly higher than those in the control group, while the levels of HDL-C were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The higher the number of diseased vessels, the higher the levels of HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP, LDL-C and Gensini score, the lower the level of HDL-C.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that HMGB1, endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C were risk factors of Gensini score (standard coefficient was 0.480, 0.087, 0.173, 0.197, t=8.351, 9.047, 12.476, 11.692, all P<0.01); HDL-C level was a protective factor of Gensini score (standard coefficient -0.352, t value was 16.582, P<0.001). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that serum HMGB1 level was positively correlated with endothelin-1, CRP and LDL-C ( r=0.536, 0.659, 0.724, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with HDL-C ( r=-0.669, P<0.05). Conclusion:There are obvious inflammatory reaction and lipid metabolism disorder in patients with coronary heart disease.The level of HMGB1 in peripheral blood is closely related to the severity of coronary artery disease.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, analyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration.@*Methods@#Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group(to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point), and 3 in the control group(no any operation was performed). Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/(HE) staining, PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation.@*Results@#Four weeks of LAD ligation, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disappeared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues.@*Conclusion@#New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchronously under the influence of myocardial tension.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792102

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the cardiomyocytes regeneration after myocardial infarction in Chinese small pigs, ana-lyze the mechanism of myocardial fibrosis after myocardial regeneration. Methods Nine Chinese small pigs, weight 18-20 kg, 6 pigs in the experimental group( to ligate LAD at the equal blood flow point) , and 3 in the control group( no any operation was performed) . Monitor the hemodynamics of the left ventricle. Cardiac specimens were taken after 4 weeks of LAD ligation, the left ventricle was divided into 17 segments, and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 week. Hematoxylin-Eosin/( HE) stai-ning,PTAH、Ki-67-DAB and α-sarcomeric-actin-DAB staining for pathological observation. Results Four weeks of LAD liga-tion, different range of infarct size could be found in all the 17 segment of left ventricle. There was significant systolic pressure difference between the proximal and distal part in the left ventricular cavity. After 4 weeks of LAD ligation, there were a large number of new cardiomyocytes around the infarction area, which connected with the original mature cardiomyocytes directly. Large number of disassembled cardiomyocytes in the infarcted area and myocardial fibers were broken, cell structure disap-peared, and nuclei were scattered in fibrotic tissues. Conclusion New cardiomyocytes after myocardial infarction were derived from the mature cardiomyocytes. Myocardial regeneration, cell disintegration, and myocardial fibrosis were performed synchro-nously under the influence of myocardial tension.

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 43-45, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711718

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the mean blood flow(MF) and pulsatility index(PI) of individual and sequential sa-phenous vein grafts in posterior descending artery(PDA) in the same patient undergone off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods 140 patients with coronary artery disease were studied.Sequential surgical technique using single large saphenous vein was used in grafts of diagnostic artery(DIAG)(side-side), obtuse marginal artery(OM)(side-side), and PDA( end-side) .Bulldog clamps were used to temporarily arrest the anastomoses of DIAG and OM near the large saphenous vein .Thus the sequential graft became to the single graft , the MF and PI of PDA were recorded in the simulating single graft by the transit-time flow measurement(TTFM), after that, bulldog clamps were removed and the MF and PI of PDA were recorded again in the real sequential graft.The data were compared.Six months later after surgery, coronary CTA were done in all pa-tients in clinic.Results The MF of single graft and sequential graft was(22.5 ±13.1)ml/min and(22.2 ±12.9)ml/min(P>0.05).The PI of single graft and sequential graft was 2.43 ±0.94 and 2.38 ±0.88(P>0.05).The patency of all grafts is good in all patients after 6 months follows-up.Conclusion There ars no hemodynamic differences between individual and sequential grafts in PDA.It is reasonable that the short-term surgical result is the same in individual and sequential grafts in PDA.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 580-582, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667359

ABSTRACT

Objective To explorethe long-term prognosis of the triangular resectionvalvuloplasty for posterior mitral valve prolapse and provide a reference for the clinical treatment.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 61 pa-tients with posterior mitral valve prolapse underwent the mitral valvuloplasty in our hospital from Match 2008 to December 2016.30 patients who underwent triangular resection for posterior mitral valve prolapse.31 patients who underwentstandard quadrangular resection.The cardiac functional parameters and condition of mitral regurgitation were compared among the period of preoperation,discharging and follow-up.Results The mean follow-up period was 42 ±34(3-106)months.left atrium and left ventricular diameter were decreased(P<0.05).Inresrarch group,there was 1 patient who have moderate regurgitation,ar-rhythmia is one.In control group,there was arrhythmia in 1 cases,moderate regurgitation in 2 cases and death in 1 cases.Rate of freedom from reregurgitation was(97 ±6)% in research group and was(97 ±4)% in control group.There was no SAM in two groups.There were no significant differences of survival or risk of reoperation.There was a statistic difference of NYHA classification of cardiac function in the phase of follow-up than that of discharging(P<0.05).Conclusion Triangular resec-tion of a prolapsed posterior mitral leaflet is a simplified,reliable, reproducible, and durable procedure,like quadrangular re-section of a prolapsed posterior leaflet.

12.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 462-465, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480827

ABSTRACT

Objective To summary and explore the indications,safety and effectiveness of no touch ostial cardioplegia delivery method during aortic valve replacement(AVR) for severe aortic insufficiency(AI),in order to provide guidance for clinical application.Methods Between September 2012 and February 2015,63 cases were randomly divided into two groups,in study group we used this technique in 31 patients with a mean age of(58.0 ± 15.0) years and a range of 31 to 74 years old.The degree of AI averaged (3.5 ± 0.5) according to a semiquantitative 5-grade scale[1].32 patients were enrolled in control group with a mean age of(60.4 ± 9.4) years and a range of 22 to 73 years old.The degree of AI averaged (3.6 ± 0.5).The abnormal aortic cusps were sutured though the aortic incision,which would be closed temporarily.Blood cardioplegia was infused repeatedly into the coronary osita through the closed aortic incision during the remainder of the procedure except AVR,when the closed aortic incision was reopened.Results In the study group,spontaneous resumption of nodal and normal sinus rhythm shortly after the removal of aortic cross-clamp was achieved in all patients,no hearts had to be electrically defibrillated and electrocardiogram showed no obvious S-T segment elevation.The time from cross-clamp removal to sinus rhythm was(12.3 ± 7.7) minutes in the study group,versus (18.6 ± 8.2) minutes in the control group(P =0.037).No operative mortality occurred in both groups.There was a significant increase in left ventricular ejection fraction[from(0.54 ± 0.09) preoperatively to(0.62 ± 0.06) postoperatively] (P =0.005) in patients of the study group,which was not seen in patients of the control group.Conclusion Preliminary results have shown that the no touch ostial cardioplegia delivery method is a feasible method for cardioplegia infusion during aortic valve replacement in patients with severe AI.

13.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8697-8702, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440984

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Spinal cord injuries induced by sacral segment and lumbar lesions can damage the primary sacral micturition center or its surrounding nerves (parasympathetic and somatic nerve) to cause detrusor areflexia, thereby leading to urinary retention and further pathological changes in bladder tissue morphology. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effects of electroacupuncture at the Ciliao (BL32), Zhongji (RN3), Sanyinjiao (SP6) acupoints on bladder capacity and bladder tissue morphology of rats with urinary retention after sacral spinal cord injury. METHODS:Ten of 40 female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly selected as blank group, and other 30 rats were randomly divided into model group, acupoint group and non-acupoint group. In the model group, the rats received no electroacupuncture. In the non-acupoint group, acupuncture and electroacupuncture at non-acupoint points were performed, respectively, for 20 minutes. In the acupoint group, acupuncture and electroacupuncture were performed at the Ciliao, Zhongji, and Sanyinjiao acupoints. Bladder capacity was measured at days 14 and 22 after treatment. After treatment, bladder tissues were extracted for morphological observation with hematoxylin-eosin staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The maximum bladder capacity in the acupoint group was obviously reduced after treatment (P<0.01);the curative effect in the acupoint group was more obvious than the non-acupoint group (P<0.05);the difference between preoperative and postoperative bladder capacity (d value) was more significant in the acupoint group than the non-acupoint group (P<0.05). (2) Compared with the model and non-acupoint groups, morphological changes in the bladder tissue were improved more significantly in the acupoint group. These findings indicate that electroacupuncture at the Ciliao, Zhongji, and Sanyinjiao acupoints can effectively reduce the maximum bladder capacity and repair the damaged bladder tissue after sacral spinal cord injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 735-737, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429398

ABSTRACT

Objective The degradable artificial material—poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) was used as the scaffold of the tissue engineering blood vessel for cells implantation,and the better requirement for cell culture was studied.These results may be useful to the manufacture of small diameter tissue engineering blood vessel used in clinical in future.Methods The nonwoven mesh degradable PLGA was used as tissue engineering scaffold.The smooth muscular cell(SMC) and endothelial cell (EC) harvested from fetus umbilical blood vessel were collected as the seeding cells.The SMC and EC were cultivated for 4 weeks respectively in vitro.Then,the SMC was seeded on the surface of the PLGA 4 weeks later,the EC was seeded on the surface of the SMC layer and PLGA.After another 4 weeks,the artificial blood vessel segment with seeding cells was examined in the cellular quality and activity.Results By immunohistochemical method,all test expressions were positive in staining smooth musle actin,yon Willebrand 、CD31 and CD34.By radioimmunoassay,the levels of endothelin and 6-Keto-PGF1 a in PLGA cell culture solution were higher than in control soulture (P < 0.05).These demonstrated that all cells seeded on PLGA still have cellular activity.All seeding cells showed the typical SMC or EC morphological appearances in light microscopic and scanning electric microscopic analyses.Conclusion The results show that the SMC and EC from umbilical vessel,after being cultivated in vitro,as the seeding cells seeded sequentially on the degradable blood vessel scaffold (PLGA),still possess the cellular activity.This may be useful in further studying the small diameter tissue engineering blood vessel.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 556-560, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419844

ABSTRACT

Objective Exogenous small-diameter vascular grafts have been developed with tissue-engineered small-di-ameter vascular grafts for the reconstructive surgery in the treatment of patients with coronary artery diseases in whom restenosis of the initially transplanted autografts occurred.This study was conducted to develop decellularized umbilical arteries (HUAs) and evaluate their physical and mechanical properties,as well as to assess the usefulness of decellularized HUAs in the coronary artery bypass grafting procedures.Methods After HUAs were harvested,their inner diameters were measured with a sliding caliper and the blasting pressure was measured with a pressure gauge.HUAs were firstly infused with a compound liquid consisted of 0.25% Trypsin and 0.01% Ethylene Diamine tetraacetic Acid(EDTA) and then with 1% Sodium Lauryal Sulfate (SDS).Fragments of the vessels were collected and observed under light microscope and electron microscope.The mechanical characteristics of HUAs were identified with an electronic experiment machine before and after decellularization.Fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells growing along the lining of decelluarized human umbilical arteries(dHUAs) could be observed.Results The average inner diameter of HUAs was ( 3.50 ± 0.55 ) mm.Two of thirty HUAs were broken at a pressure of 300 mm Hg.The process for the lining of HUAs to be decellularized with a peristaltic pump took 0.5 hour with 0.25% Trypsin and 0.01% EDTA and 3 hours with 1% SDS.Observations with light microscope and electron microscope demonstrated that all of the original lining cells were decellularized.The ultimate stress of the HUAs did not change significantly after decellularization ( P >0.05 ).Attached fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells could be seen along the decellular lining of the grafts and the ultimate stress of the HUAs did not change significantly after implantation of the two kinds of cells.Conclusion dHUAs,with good histocompatibility and properties mentioned above,may be used as potential vascular grafts in CABG.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 571-573, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the proinflammatory cytocine factors in patients with coronary artery disease by different treatments during perioperation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TNF-alpha, IL-6, c-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in 37 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 10 patients with mitral valve replacement (MVR, control group) before operation and aortic clamping or before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the patients with cardiopulmonary bypass, or before transmyocardial laser reperfusion (TMLR), when aortic declamping and 3, 6, 24 hours after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of proinflammatory factors increased more significantly after operation than before operation. TNF-alpha increased more significantly in the patients with CPB than in those without CPB after operation [(4.10 +/- 0.71) pg/ml vs. (1.34 +/- 0.29) pg/ml, P < 0.05)]. IL-6 was not the different among all groups after operation. CRP was higher in the CAD patients with CPB than in the control group after operation [(12.89 +/- 0.29) pg/ml vs. (12.00 +/- 0.31) pg/ml, P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Inflammatory response can be seen after operation in all CAD patients. In patients undergoing CABG without CPB or undergoing TMLR, the changes in flammatory response are milder than those in patients with CPB. Thus patients should undergo CABG without CPB if they are indicated.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Disease , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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