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Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 531-536, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933465


Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide combined with bortezomib and dexamethasone (RVD) in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM).Methods:A total of 100 consecutive NDMM patients treated with RVD from August 2016 to September 2020 at Peking University People′s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, including response, drug toxicity, follow-up and survival, and subgroup analysis.Results:The median follow-up time was 19.5 (2.0-57.0) months. For patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) after RVD regimen, the objective response rate (ORR)/complete response+stringent complete response (CR+sCR)/≥very good partial response (VGPR) rates were 100%, 73.3% (33/45), 95.6% (43/45) respectively. For 54 patients not receiving transplantation, the ORR/CR+sCR/≥VGPR rates were 79.6% (43/54), 18.5% (10/54), 51.9% (28/54) respectively. As to the survival analysis, 2-year progression free survival (PFS) rates were 84.5% and 70.9% in transplant and non-transplant patients respectively ( P=0.102). Two-year overall survival (OS) rates were 100% and 80.8% in transplant and non-transplant patients respectively ( P=0.003). The common hematologic adverse events (AEs) were thrombocytopenia (33%) and neutropenia (25%). Abnormal liver function (43%) and peripheral neuropathy (24%) were recognized more as non-hematologic AEs. Conclusion:RVD as front-line regimen has high efficient response rate and acceptable safety in Chinese NDMM patients.

Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 447-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870980


Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestation, diagnosis and prognosis of heavy- and light-amyloidosis (AHL).Methods:The clinical data of two patients with AHL in Peking University People's Hospital and 21 cases of reported literature were reviewed to clarify the clinical and prognostic characteristics of AHL.Results:Compared with light-amyloidosis, most AHL patients were male, with high positive rate of blood and urine immunofixation electrophoresis and complete immunoglobulin. The manifestations of the kidneys were proteinuria, mainly composed of albumin, nephrotic syndrome and microscopic haematuria. The pathology of renal biopsy showed that Congo red staining positive substances were deposited in many sites (mesangial area, capillary wall, arteriole and renal interstitium), and immunofluorescence showed that monoclonal heavy chain with light chain (the type was consistent with the hematuria M protein) were clumpy deposition, which was consistent with amyloid deposition site. Heart involvement was rare, and the proportion of plasma cells in bone marrow was high.Conclusion:AHL is rare and its clinical manifestations of AHL are different from those of light-amyloidosis. The prognosis needs to be further observed.