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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 289-296, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012502

ABSTRACT

Organ transplantation has become an effective treatment for multiple end-stage diseases. However, the recipients of organ transplantation need to take immunosuppressive drugs for a long time after operation, which leads to low immune function and relatively high incidence of bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Traditional microbial detection methods, such as pathogen culture, immunological detection and polymerase chain reaction, have been widely applied in infection detection, whereas these methods may cause problems, such as long detection time and presumed pathogens. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing has been widely adopted in infection prevention and control in organ transplantation in recent years due to high detection rate and comprehensive detection of pathogen spectrum. In this article, the application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing in the prevention and control of infection in solid organ transplantation was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of transplantation-related infection.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 251-256, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012496

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between the lung allocation score (LAS) and the risk of early death and complications in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 275 patients with IPF were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between LAS and the risk of early death in IPF patients after lung transplantation and the correlation between LAS and complications at postoperative 1 year was assessed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Results Among 275 recipients, 62, 83, 95 and 108 cases died within postoperative 30, 90, 180 and 365 d, respectively. LAS was correlated with 30-, 90-, 180- and 365-d fatality of IPF patients (all P<0.05), whereas it was not correlated with the incidence of primary graft dysfunction (PGD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) at 365 d after lung transplantation (both P>0.05). Conclusions LAS is correlated with the risk of early death of IPF patients after lung transplantation. While, it is not correlated the incidence of PGD and AKI early after lung transplantation. Special attention should be paid to the effect of comprehensive factors upon PGD and AKI.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 236-243, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012494

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influencing factors of survival of patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 66 patients with airway stenosis requiring clinical interventions after lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox’s regression models were adopted to analyze the influencing factors of survival of all patients with airway stenosis and those with early airway stenosis. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the overall survival and delineate the survival curve. Results For 66 patients with airway stenosis, the median airway stenosis-free time was 72 (52,102) d, 27% (18/66) for central airway stenosis and 73% (48/66) for distal airway stenosis. Postoperative mechanical ventilation time [hazard ratio (HR) 1.037, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.005-1.070, P=0.024] and type of surgery (HR 0.400, 95%CI 0.177-0.903, P=0.027) were correlated with the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The longer the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, the higher the risk of mortality of the recipients. The overall survival of airway stenosis recipients undergoing bilateral lung transplantation was better than that of their counterparts after single lung transplantation. Subgroup analysis showed that grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD) (HR 4.577, 95%CI 1.439-14.555, P=0.010) and immunosuppressive drugs (HR 0.079, 95%CI 0.022-0.287, P<0.001) were associated with the survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation without grade 3 PGD was better compared with that of those with grade 3 PGD. The overall survival of patients with early airway stenosis after lung transplantation treated with tacrolimus was superior to that of their counterparts treated with cyclosporine. Conclusions Long postoperative mechanical ventilation time, single lung transplantation, grade 3 PGD and use of cyclosporine may affect the survival of patients with airway stenosis after lung transplantation.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 112-117, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005240

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the effect of the timing of lung transplantation and related treatment measures on clinical prognosis of patients with paraquat poisoning. Methods Clinical data of a patient with paraquat poisoning undergoing bilateral lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, diagnosis and treatment of this patient were summarized and analyzed. Results A 17-year-old adolescent was admitted to hospital due to nausea, vomiting, cough and systemic fatigue after oral intake of 20-30 mL of 25% paraquat. After symptomatic support treatment, the oxygen saturation was not improved, and pulmonary fibrosis continued to progress. Therefore, sequential bilateral lung transplantation was performed under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). After postoperative rehabilitation and active prevention and treatment for postoperative complications, the patient was discharged at postoperative 50 d. Conclusions The timing of lung transplantation after paraquat poisoning may be selected when the liver and kidney function start to recover. Active and targeted prevention of potential pathogen infection in perioperative period and early rehabilitation training contribute to improving clinical prognosis of lung transplant recipients.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 213-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965044

ABSTRACT

As the final resolution for end-stage lung disease, lung transplantation can not only significantly prolong the survival, but also remarkably improve the quality of life of recipients. In recent decades, with the advancement of surgical techniques, immunosuppressants and post-transplantation management, the quantity of lung transplantation has been surged around the globe. However, the shortage of donor lung has severely restricted the development of lung transplantation. It is necessary to develop innovative approaches to expand the donor pool. The number of donors and effective preservation and functional maintenance of potential donor lungs play a key role in expanding the donor pool. The quality of donor lung is a critical precondition to ensure the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients. Preservation and functional maintenance of donor lung are of significance for guaranteeing the quality of lung allograft. In this article, research progresses on the management and maintenance of donor lung before procurement, the procurement of donor lung and the preservation and functional maintenance of lung allograft were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the development of lung transplantation in clinical practice.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1275-1289, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981137

ABSTRACT

As human microbiome research advances, a large body of evidence shows that microorganisms are closely related to human health. Probiotics were discovered and used as foods or dietary supplements with health benefits in the last century. Microorganisms have shown broader application prospects in human health since the turn of the century, owing to the rapid development of technologies such as microbiome analysis, DNA synthesis and sequencing, and gene editing. In recent years, the concept of "next-generation probiotics" has been proposed as new drugs, and microorganisms are considered as "live biotherapeutic products (LBP)". In a nutshell, LBP is a living bacterial drug that can be used to prevent or treat certain human diseases and indications. Because of its distinct advantages, LBP has risen to the forefront of drug development research and has very broad development prospects. This review introduces the varieties and research advances on LBP from a biotechnology standpoint, followed by summarizing the challenges and opportunities for LBP clinical implementations, with the aim to facilitate LBP development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Probiotics , Dietary Supplements , Bacteria , Drug Development , Biotechnology
7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 283-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of acute kidney injury(AKI)on near-term survival after lung transplantation(LT)in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis(IPF).Methods:Through consulting electronic medical records, anesthetic modes and Chinese Lung Transplant Registration System, clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 275 IPF patients undergoing LT at Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to April 2021.According to the diagnostic criteria of Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes(KDIGO), they are divided into two groups of AKI(169 cases)and non-AKI(106 cases).Perioperative findings of two groups are recorded.Then univariate and multivariate Cox regression models are employed for determining whether or not inter-group differences existed in survival rates post-LT.Also AKI is staged according to the KDIGO.And the effect of stage 1/2/3 AKI on near-term postoperative prognosis is examined.Results:The differences are significantly different in recipient gender, creatinine, 6-minute walking test, forced vital capacity(FVC), lung allocation score, oxygenation index, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(NT-Pro BNP), preoperative hormone use and volume of crystal infusion( P<0.05).After multivariate Cox regression correcting for covariates, no statistical significance exists in effect of AKI stage 1 on near-term postoperative survival rate( P<0.05).AKI stage 2/3 still has statistical significance in risk of mortality at Day 30/90/180/365 post-operation( P>0.05). Conclusions:As a common complication post-LT, AKI significantly affects near-term postoperative prognosis of transplant IPF patients.Stage 2/3 AKI impacts near-term postoperative survival while stage 1 AKI is not associated with higher mortality.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 124-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of early death after lung transplantation in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) complicated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 134 patients with IPF and PAH who underwent lung transplantation at Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to December 2020 were collected. The donor's gender, age, duration of mechanical ventilation, and cold ischemia time, the recipient's gender, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking, history of hypertension and diabetes, preoperative usage of hormones, mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), cardiac echocardiography and cardiac function, serum creatinine (SCr), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as well as surgical type, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment, duration of operation, and plasma and red blood cell infusion ratio were collected. The cumulative survival rates of patients at 30, 60, and 180 days after lung transplantation were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. The univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze the effects of donor, recipient, and surgical factors on early survival in donors after lung transplantation.Results:The majority of donors were male (80.6%). There was 63.4% of the donors older than 35 years old, 80.6% of the donors had mechanical ventilation duration less than 10 days, and the median cold ischemia time was 465.00 (369.25, 556.25) minutes. The recipients were mainly males (83.6%). Most of the patients were younger than 65 years old (70.9%). Most of them had no hypertension (75.4%) or diabetes (67.9%). The median mPAP of recipients was 36 (30, 43) mmHg (1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa). There were 73 patients with single lung transplantation (54.5%), and 61 with double lung transplantation (45.5%). The survival rates of 134 IPF patients with PAH at 30, 60, 180 days after lung transplantation were 81.3%, 76.9%, and 67.4%, respectively. Univariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis showed that recipient preoperative use of hormone [hazard ratio ( HR) = 2.079, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.048-4.128], mPAP ≥ 35 mmHg ( HR = 2.136, 95% CI was 1.129-4.044), NT-proBNP ≥ 300 ng/L ( HR = 2.411, 95% CI was 1.323-4.392), New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function classification Ⅲ-Ⅳ ( HR = 3.021, 95% CI was 1.652-5.523) were the risk factors of early postoperative death in patients with IPF complicated with PAH (all P < 0.05). In the multivariable Cox proportional risk regression analysis, recipient preoperative hormone usage (model 1: HR = 2.072, 95% CI was 1.044-4.114, P = 0.037; model 2: HR = 2.098, 95% CI was 1.057-4.165, P = 0.034), NT-proBNP ≥ 300 ng/L ( HR = 2.246, 95% CI was 1.225-4.116, P = 0.009) and NYHA cardiac function classification Ⅲ-Ⅳ ( HR = 2.771, 95% CI was 1.495-5.134, P = 0.001) were independent risk factors of early postoperative death in patients with IPF. Conclusions:Preoperative hormone usage, NT-proBNP ≥ 300 ng/L, NYHA cardiac function classification Ⅲ-Ⅳ are independent risk factors for early death in patients with IPF and PAH after lung transplantation. For these patients, attention should be paid to optimize their functional status before operation. Preoperative reduction of receptor hormone usage and improvement of cardiac function can improve the early survival rate of such patients after lung transplantation.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 578-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978501

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize current status of multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infection in lung transplant recipients and analyze the risk factors of MDRO infection. Methods Clinical data of 321 lung transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of postoperative MDRO infection, they were divided into the MDRO group (n=122) and non-MDRO infection group (n=199). The incidence of MDRO infection in lung transplant recipients was summarized. The risk factors of MDRO infection in lung transplant recipients were analyzed by logistic regression model. The dose-response relationship between MDRO infection and time of ventilator use was determined by restricted cubic spline model. Results Among 321 lung transplant recipients, 122 cases developed MDRO infection, with an infection rate of 38.0%. Two hundred and twenty-nine strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected in the MDRO infection group, mainly Gram-negative bacteria (92.6%), and the top three strains were carbapenem-resistant acinetobacter baumannii (46.3%), carbapenem-resistant pseudomonas aeruginosa (22.3%) and carbapenem-resistant klebsiella pneumoniae (14.8%), respectively. MDRO infection mainly consisted of lower respiratory tract infection (61.5%), followed by ventilator-associated pneumonia (26.2%). Univariate analysis showed that the risk factors of MDRO infection in lung transplant recipients were single-lung transplantation, long-time postoperative use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), long operation time, long-time urinary catheterization, long-time central venous catheterization and long-time ventilator use (all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that single-lung transplantation and long-time ventilator use were the independent risk factors for MDRO infection in lung transplant recipients (both P < 0.05). Results of restricted cubic spline model analysis showed that the risk of infection continued to increase with the prolongation of ventilator use time within 20 d. After 20 d, prolonging the time of ventilator use failed to increase the risk of infection, showing a plateau effect. Conclusions The MDRO infection rate tends to decline in lung transplant recipients year by year. Single-lung transplantation and long-time ventilator use are the independent risk factors for MDRO infection in lung transplant recipients.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 420-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972933

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of donor age on short-term survival of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 235 IPF donors and recipients of lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models were employed to analyze the correlation between donor age and short-term mortality rate of IPF patients after lung transplantation. Kaplan-Meier was used to draw the survival curve. Results Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that donor age was correlated with the 1-year fatality of IPF patients after lung transplantation. The 1-year fatality of recipients after lung transplantation was increased by 0.020 times if donor age was increased by 1 year (P=0.009). Oxygenation index of the donors, preoperative oxygenation index, preoperative lung allocation score, preoperative N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide, pattern of transplantation, pattern of intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and intraoperative blood transfusion volume of the recipients were correlated with 1-year fatality after lung transplantation (all P < 0.1). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that there was no correlation between donor age and 30-, 90-, 180-d and 1-year fatality of IPF patients after lung transplantation (all P > 0.05). Sensitivity analysis showed that there was no significant difference in 30-, 90-, 180-d and 1-year fatality after lung transplantation among donors aged < 18, 18-33, 34-49 and ≥50 years (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Donor age exerts no effect upon short-term survival of IPF patients after lung transplantation. Considering the mechanical ventilation time, oxygenation index, infection and other factors of donors, the age range of lung transplant donors may be expanded.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 58-67, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971626

ABSTRACT

The current organ allocation rules prioritize elderly and urgent patients on the lung transplantation (LT) waiting list. A steady increase in the threshold at which age is taken into consideration for LT has been observed. This retrospective cohort study recruited 166 lung transplant recipients aged ≽ 65 years between January 2016 and October 2020 in the largest LT center in China. In the cohort, subgroups of patients aged 65-70 years (111 recipients, group 65-70) and ≽ 70 years (55 recipients, group ≽ 70) were included. Group D restrictive lung disease was the main indication of a lung transplant in recipients over 65 years. A significantly higher percentage of coronary artery stenosis was observed in the group ≽ 70 (30.9% vs. 14.4% in group 65-70, P = 0.014). ECMO bridging to LT was performed in 5.4% (group 65-70) and 7.3% (group ≽ 70) of patients. Kaplan-Meier estimates showed that recipients with cardiac abnormalities had a significantly increased risk of mortality. After adjusting for potential confounders, cardiac abnormality was shown to be independently associated with the increased risk of post-LT mortality (HR 6.37, P = 0.0060). Our result showed that LT can be performed in candidates with an advanced age and can provide life-extending benefits.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , East Asian People , Heart Diseases/etiology , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 417-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934760

ABSTRACT

During the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) pandemic from 2020 to 2021, lung transplantation entered a new stage of development worldwide. Globally, more than 70 000 cases of lung transplantation have been reported to the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT). With the development of medical techniques over time, the characteristics of lung transplant donors and recipients and the indications of pediatric lung transplantation recipients have undergone significant changes. Application of lung transplantation in the treatment of COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has also captivated worldwide attention. Along with persistent development of lung transplantation, it will be integrated with more novel techniques to make breakthroughs in the fields of artificial lung and xenotransplantation. In this article, research progresses on the characteristics of lung transplant donors and recipients around the world were reviewed and the development trend was predicted, enabling patients with end-stage lung disease to obtain more benefits from the development of lung transplantation technique.

14.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 281-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)on pulmonary transplantation(LTx)in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis(IPF)complicated with pulmonary hypertension(PH).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 112 IPF patients complicated with PH undergoing LTx assisted by venous ECMO(VV-ECMO group, n=68)or venous arterial ECMO(VA-ECMO group, n=44). Gender, age, mechanical ventilation time, oxygenation index, cold ischemic time, preoperative gender, age, smoking history, PO 2, PCO 2, PH degree, NYHA cardiac function grade, right cardiac function, ejection fraction(EF)and complications(hypertension & diabetes)of two groups were compared. Intraoperative approach, operative duration, ECMO transfer time, blood loss, blood transfusion, urine volume, postoperative blood transfusion, mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay time, re-thoracotomy, pulmonary infection, primary graft dysfunction(PGD)and renal insufficiency were recorded. And the effects of two different diversion modes on early postoperative complications and short-term outcomes of LTx were further analyzed by multiple factors. Cox proportional risk model was employed for comparing VV-ECMO and VA-ECMO flow patterns with factors related to recipient survival after transplantation. Results:The preoperative PO 2 of 58.3(51.3, 72.0)mmHg was significantly lower in VV-ECMO bypass group than that of 73.2(63.3, 96.8)mmHg in VA-ECMO group and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.006). Compared with VV-ECMO group, 24(54.5%), 15(34.1%)and 22(50.0%)had NYHA class Ⅲ, severe PH and preoperative right heart enlargement in VA-ECMO group respectively and the differences were statistically significant compared with 17(25.0%), 6(8.8%)and 16(23.5%)in VV-ECMO group( P<0.05 for all). No significant inter-group differences existed in postoperative PGD, postoperative mechanical ventilation time(≥3 d), pulmonary infection, postoperative thoracotomy ratio, postoperative renal insufficiency, ICU stay, hospital stay and other aspects( P>0.05). And 6-month postoperative survival rates of VV-ECMO and VA-ECMO groups were 80.9% and 61.4%, respectively and no significant inter-group difference existed in short-term survival rate(6 months)after adjustment by multivariate Cox regression model( P>0.05). Multivariate statistics indicated that the risk of delayed postoperative withdrawal was 14.452-fold higher in VV-ECMO group than in VA-ECMO group and the inter-group difference was statistically significant(95% CI: 2.448-85.323, P=0.03). Conclusions:No differences exist in postoperative complications or short-term survival rate between IPF recipients with mild PH on VV-ECMO mode and IPF recipients with severe PH on VA-ECMO mode. VV-ECMO flow reversal can delay the transplant back-off time.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 646-654, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the early prognosis on patient of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) combined with different degrees of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) undertake lung transplantation (LTx).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, the clinical data of 134 patients with IPF who underwent LTx in Wuxi People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. According to the average pulmonary artery pressure detected by right cardiac catheter before operation, the patients were divided into mild PAH group (63 cases), moderate PAH group (47 cases) and severe PAH group (24 cases). The donor data and the recipient's preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data were collected; the postoperative survival curve to analyze early survival among the three patient groups.Results:With the increase of pulmonary artery pressure, the rate of abnormal right ventricular function increased, the end diastolic diameter of left ventricle decreased before operation, and the rate of using veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) increased during the surgery ( P<0.05). Multivariate analysis found that combined severe PAH had significant effects on primary graft dysfunction (Primary graft dysfunction, PGD), retracheal intubation or tracheotomy, hypovolemic shock within 72 h, and 6-month survival after LTx. The survival surve showed that 30-day survival rates of patients with IPF complicated with mild, moderate and severe PAH were 85.7%, 80.8% and 66.7% respectively, and the 6-month survival rates were 80.9%, 74.0% and 62.2%, respectively. Conclusion:Patient of IPF combined with different degrees of PAH had a significant impact on cardiac function and intraoperative ECMO selection of LTx, and severe PAH could significantly reduce the early survival rate after LTx.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 478-482, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) after lung transplantation (LTx).Methods:Between March 2017 and December 2021, 17 TB infections were diagnosed in 424 LTx recipients at China-Japan Friendship Hospital.Clinical data were retrospectively reviewed and clinical features, treatments, therapeutic efficacies and outcomes examined.Results:The incidence of TB was 4%(17/424). There were 14 males and 3 females, with a median age of 57 years.Bilateral LTx was performed (n=12). Eight probably donor derived infection, six de novo exposure and infection and 3 reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) of recipients were determined.Most infections (16/17) were diagnosed within the first year post-LTx and 11 infections within the first month.All 17 cases were TB DNA positive and one positive for rifampin-resistant gene.Four cases were positive for TB DNA and acid-fast bacilli test and 6 cases positive for TB DNA and culture.Nodular or cavity (10/13) was the most common finding on chest tomography and the lesions were located predominantly in superior lobe.Therapeutic regimen without rifamycin (n=14) and rifabutin or rifapentine replacing rifampin (n=2) were employed.Treatment was successful (n=10) and clinically effective (n=2). Only one TB infection related death was recorded.Conclusions:LTBI or donor derived infection is common.Therapeutic regimen without rifamycin shows some potential clinical feasibility.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1671-1677, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953735

ABSTRACT

@#As the aging proceeds worldwide, aging lung transplantation recipients have been increased dramatically. Aging population with end-stage lung diseases also have comorbidities, such as cardiovascular disease, which may impact the prognosis of lung transplantation. Recent researches on lung transplantation have explored the characteristics of aging recipients, strategy selection on transplantation and cardiovascular disease management, as well as risk factors for post-transplantation complications and death. However, researches on lung transplantation recipients with cardiac valve disease are just in the initial stage. With the advancement of transcatheter technique, more patients will be benefited. We summarized the advancement in this field and took an outlook for future clinical researches.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 172-180, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication following lung transplantation (LTx), and it is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This study assessed the incidence of AKI after LTx and analyzed the associated perioperative factors and clinical outcomes.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included all adult LTx recipients at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital in Beijing between March 2017 and December 2019. The outcomes were AKI incidence, risk factors, mortality, and kidney recovery. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors. Survival analysis was presented using the Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#AKI occurred in 137 of the 191 patients (71.7%), with transient AKI in 43 (22.5%) and persistent AKI in 94 (49.2%). AKI stage 1 occurred in 27/191 (14.1%), stage 2 in 46/191 (24.1%), and stage 3 in 64/191 (33.5%) of the AKI patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) was administered to 35/191 (18.3%) of the patients. Male sex, older age, mechanical ventilation (MV), severe hypotension, septic shock, multiple organ dysfunction (MODS), prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), reintubation, and nephrotoxic agents were associated with AKI (P < 0.050). Persistent AKI was independently associated with pre-operative pulmonary hypertension, severe hypotension, post-operative MODS, and nephrotoxic agents. Severe hypotension, septic shock, MODS, reintubation, prolonged MV, and ECMO during or after LTx were related to severe AKI (stage 3) (P < 0.050). Patients with persistent and severe AKI had a significantly longer duration of MV, longer duration in the intensive care unit (ICU), worse downstream kidney function, and reduced survival (P < 0.050).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AKI is common after LTx, but the pathogenic mechanism of AKI is complicated, and prerenal causes are important. Persistent and severe AKI were associated with poor short- and long-term kidney function and reduced survival in LTx patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Incidence , Lung Transplantation/adverse effects , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 599-603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the incidence, risk factors and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) early after lung transplantation (LT).Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 167 LT patients. AKI was defined according to the criteria of Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline within the first 7 days post-LT. AKI incidence was calculated. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors. Survival analysis was presented with the Kaplan-Meier curve.Results:The incidence of AKI early post-LT was 65.9%. Gender (male), preoperative higher serum creatinine (sCr), lower glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), mechanical ventilation (MV), intraoperative or postoperative hypotension, cardiovascular events, postoperative septic shock, multiple organ failure, ECMO support ≥2 days and reintubation were risk factors for AKI early post-LT ( P<0.05). Postoperative AKI was correlated with prolonged MV and/or ECMO as well as ICU stay and higher short/long-term mortality post-LT. Conclusions:The incidence of AKI early post-LT is high and affects the prognosis of LT patients. Greater attention should be paid to early prevention of AKI to reduce its incidence and improve its prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 168-172, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of bedside lung ultrasound score(LUS)in evaluating patients with primary graft dysfunction(PGD)after lung transplantation.Methods:A total of 35 PGD patients after lung transplantation in surgical intensive care unit from June 2018 to May 2020 were selected as research objects. After lung transplantation, one physician collected the clinical data, including age, gender, preoperative 24 h APACHE II score, postoperative hemodynamic parameters, lactate and respiratory parameters; another physician was responsible for LUS examination and LUS at 12/24/48/72 h post-operation. The correlation between LUS and oxygenation index was analyzed by bivariate correlation analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)was utilized for calculating the predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of LUS score for severe PGD.Results:A negative correlation existed between LUS and oxygenation index in single lung transplant( r=-0.536, P<0.01)and a negative correlation between LUS and oxygenation index ( r=-0.518, P<0.01)in double lung transplant. The area under ROC curve of LUS showed that the predictive value of LUS of severe PGD patients with single lung transplant was 7.0 with a sensitivity of 86.7% and a specificity of 72.1%, the predicted value of LUS of severe PGD in double lung transplant was 13.0 with a sensitivity of 83.3% and a specificity of 60.0%. Conclusions:Lung ultrasound is simple and easy to operate and LUS can evaluate the severity of PGD patients after lung transplantation. It has a high potency of guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment.

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