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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 125-140, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013369

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the medical services, quality and safety of rehabilitation medicine departments in general hospitals and rehabilitation hospitals in 2021 in perspectives of structure, segment and outcome quality. MethodsWe analyzed the data from National Clinical Improvement System of the National Health Commission, involving 9 328 hospitals, including all secondary and above general hospitals and rehabilitation hospitals, as well as traditional Chinese Medicine hospitals and integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine hospitals in 2021. A total of 2 513 sampling hospitals that equipped with rehabilitation wards were included. ResultsAmong the 9 328 general hospitals surveyed this year, only 2 713 had rehabilitation wards. In general hospitals, the average number of physicians per bed in 56.77% hospitals, the average number of rehabilitation therapists per bed in 80.36% hospitals, and the average number of nurses per bed in 53.53% hospitals did not meet the national requirements, and the average number of rehabilitation medical personnel per bed in rehabilitation medicine departments in different regions was significantly different. The rates of early rehabilitation intervention were 13.45%, 20.67% and 29.74% respectively in department of orthopedics, department of neurology and intensive care units in general hospitals. The average improvement rate of activities of daily living of discharged patients was 77.87% in rehabilitation department of general hospitals, and 69.01% in rehabilitation hospitals. ConclusionIn 2021, professional medical services, quality and safety of rehabilitation medicine in China have improved steadily. However, most general hospitals in China still have not configured the rehabilitation wards, and there are problems such as the total number of rehabilitation medical personnel in the country does not meet the requirements, early rehabilitation intervention is significantly insufficient, and the implementation of important evaluation and therapies is deficient. The effect of rehabilitation still needs to improve. It is necessary to continuously promote capacity building of the medical rehabilitation to improve the quality of medical rehabilitation services.

2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 937-944, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To design and construct a graphene oxide (GO)/silver nitrate (Ag3PO4)/chitosan (CS) composite coating for rapidly killing bacteria and preventing postoperative infection in implant surgery.@*METHODS@#GO/Ag3PO4 composites were prepared by ion exchange method, and CS and GO/Ag3PO4 composites were deposited on medical titanium (Ti) sheets successively. The morphology, physical image, photothermal and photocatalytic ability, antibacterial ability, and adhesion to the matrix of the materials were characterized.@*RESULTS@#The GO/Ag3PO4 composites were successfully prepared by ion exchange method and the heterogeneous structure of GO/Ag3PO4 was proved by morphology phase test. The heterogeneous structure formed by Ag3PO4 and GO reduced the band gap from 1.79 eV to 1.39 eV which could be excited by 808 nm near-infrared light. The photothermal and photocatalytic experiments proved that the GO/Ag3PO4/CS coating had excellent photothermal and photodynamic properties. In vitro antibacterial experiments showed that the antibacterial rate of the GO/Ag3PO4/CS composite coating against Staphylococcus aureus reached 99.81% after 20 minutes irradiation with 808 nm near-infrared light. At the same time, the composite coating had excellent light stability, which could provide stable and sustained antibacterial effect.@*CONCLUSION@#GO/Ag3PO4/CS coating can be excited by 808 nm near infrared light to produce reactive oxygen species, which has excellent antibacterial activity under light.


Subject(s)
Chitosan , Silver Nitrate , Titanium , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Coloring Agents
3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1241-1248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998965

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate rehabilitation competence among trainers and trainees whom participated in the training program entitled National Training Program of Shortage Rehabilitation Physicians (NTPSRP) using World Health Organization rehabilitation competency framework (RCF). MethodsBased on RCF, a questionnaire was developed and administrated through network using Questionnaire Star. All the trainers and trainees who participated in NTPSRP were investigated in September, 2023. ResultsA total of 911 subjects were collected from 27 provinces, including 426 trainers (teachers) and 485 trainees (students). The average age of the teachers was older, with more years of work experience and professional experience in rehabilitation medicine. The degree and professional title of the teachers was also higher. The overall internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire was good (Cronbach's α = 0.988), and all the internal consistency reliability in five fields was good (Cronbach's α > 0.9). The five dimensional structure of RCF in the results was consistent with the prior model established by RCF theory. The self-ratings of all physicians in the five fields were higher than the median level, and was higher in the teachers than in the students [(3.42±0.68) vs. (2.73±0.80), P < 0.001]. Gender and years of experience in rehabilitation medicine were independent factors for the total score of the questionnaire. The total self-rating of female students was 9.65 points lower than that of the male (95%CI 4.386 to 14.914); and one more year in rehabilitation medicine would increase 1.78 points in self-rating (95%CI 1.140 to 2.419). ConclusionThe structure and content of RCF can be used to evaluate the competence of rehabilitation physicians. The teachers and students of NTPSRP are eligible to RCF. RCF-based evaluation can be used to guide the development of continuing education courses for rehabilitation professionals.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 292-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the performance of chromosome karyotype, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in prenatal diagnosis of true fetal chromosome mosaicism. Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 40 women with true fetal chromosome mosaicism from 4 071 singleton pregnant women who were indicated for and underwent amniocentesis or/and cordocentesis in the the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from April 2018 to August 2021. The results of chromosome karyotyping, CMA and FISH, the types of chromosomal mosaicism, mosaicism ratio and pregnancy outcomes were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results:(1) The detection rate of true fetal mosaicism was 0.98% (40/4 071). (2) Sex chromosome mosaicism accounted for 42.5% (17/40). Other chromosomal mosaicism involved chromosomes 21, 22, 18, 16, 7, 12, 15, 17 and 20, as well as balanced chromosomal translocation. (3) The detection rate of true fetal mosaicism by chromosome karyotyping was 77.4% (24/31) from amniotic fluid samples and 10/19 from umbilical cord blood samples, while that data by CMA was 76.7% (23/30) and 7/11,respectively. (4) Of the 40 pregnant women with fetal chromosome mosaicism, FISH test was performed on 20 cases (14 cases were verified with both amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood samples, five with amniotic fluid samples and one with umbilical cord blood sample), and all of the diagnosis of mosaicism were confirmed. For those with mosaicism ratio <30%, the detection rate by FISH was higher than that by CMA among amniotic fluid samples [14/19 vs 43.5% (10/23), χ2=3.88, P=0.049]. (5) Among the 40 pregnant women, five were lost to follow-up; 18 chose to terminate the pregnancy; and 17 continued the pregnancy to delivery. No abnormalities in mental or physical development were reported in the 17 neonates after birth or during on-line follow-up between 6 to 24 months old. Of the 14 pregnant women with mosaicism ratio <30% which confirmed by FISH, eight chose to continue the pregnancy, and no abnormalities in mental development or growth were found in the neonates. Conclusions:In prenatal diagnosis of true fetal choromosome mosaicism, the incidence of sex chromosome mosaicism is the highest. FISH may improve the prenatal diagnosis rate of mosaicism and is more accurate in determining the mosaicism ratio. The combination of FISH, CMA and chromosome karyotyping would significantly improve the detection rate of chromosomal mosaicism and assess the mosaicism ratio more accurately, which is of great value in clinical consultation and evaluation of fetal prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 277-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of selective feticide by radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in twins complicated by selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) and evaluate the neurodevelopment in live births during a short-term follow-up.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 75 twins with sIUGR who underwent RFA for selective feticide and were delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 1, 2017 and March 31, 2022. According to the gestational age at the procedure, they were divided into three groups including 16-19 +6 weeks of gestation (Group A, n=16), 20-23 +6 weeks of gestation (Group B, n=44) and ≥24 weeks of gestation (Group C, n=15). They were also grouped according to the presence or absence of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS): sIUGR with TTTS group ( n=36) and isolated sIUGR group ( n=39). The 39 cases in the isolated sIUGR group were further divided into three groups according to the Doppler flow in the smaller co-twin: type Ⅰ ( n=3), type Ⅱ ( n=27) and type Ⅲ ( n=9). According to pregnancy outcomes, the 75 cases were divided into adverse pregnancy outcome group ( n=49) and non-adverse pregnancy outcome group ( n=26). Statistical analysis was performed using two independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LSD test, nonparametric test and Nemenyi test, as well as Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test to compare the difference in clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes among groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-rank test were used to analyze the duration of pregnancy after the procedure. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Results:(1) The gestational age at the time of procedure was (21.9±2.3) weeks (16.6-26.0 weeks) for all cases. The intertwin estimated fetal weight discordance (ΔEFW) was less and the duration of RFA was shorter in group A than in group B or C [(27.8±8.4)% vs (36.2±12.0)% and (39.8±15.5)%; 7 min (5-14 min) vs 10 min (5-16 min) and 12 min (8-18 min); LSD test or Nemenyi test, P<0.017]. The incidence of TTTS was higher in group A than in group B or C [12/16 vs 43% (19/44) and 5/15; Bonferroni correction, P<0.017]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of premature rupture of membrane, spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, premature delivery and gestational age at delivery between Group A, B and C (all P>0.05). (2) Compared with the isolated sIUGR group, the sIUGR with TTTS group showed less ΔEFW [(29.6±11.4)% vs (40.1±11.8)%, t=3.88, P<0.001], higher incidence of premature rupture of membrane [47% (17/36) vs 21% (8/39), χ2=6.01, P=0.014], lower rate of live births [69% (25/36) vs 95%(37/39), χ2=8.45, P=0.004] and earlier delivery [34.1 weeks (26.7-40.7 weeks) vs 38.0 weeks (29.3-40.0 weeks), Z=311.50, P=0.018]. (3) There was no significant difference in the incidence of premature rupture of membrane, live birth rate or 30-day survival rate among the sIUGR type Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ groups (all P>0.05). (4) sIUGR complicated by TTTS was a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes of the co-twin after the procedure ( OR=3.94, 95% CI: 1.40-11.10, P=0.010). (5) Thirteen co-twins presented with cardiac enlargement, myocardial hypertrophy or/and tricuspid regurgitation in routine ultrasound scans before the procedure and nine of them had TTTS. Among them, eight live births were followed up for one month to 4.5 years of age and no abnormality in cardiac function was reported. (6) There were overall 62 live births. Apart from two cases of neonatal death and four lost to follow-up, the other 56 cases were followed up to one month to 5 years of age and two premature infants showed gross motor retardation. Conclusions:The gestational age at RFA has no significant impact on pregnancy outcomes, while sIUGR complicated by TTTS may increase the risk of adverse outcomes after the procedure. After RFA, the overall survival rate of the co-twin in pregnancies with sIUGR is high and no severe neurodevelopmental abnormalities has been found during a short-term follow-up.

6.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 980-983, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005960

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the safety and efficacy of a novel endoscopic two-wire guided dilation in the creation of channels in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). 【Methods】 Clinical records of 180 patients undergoing PCNL during Oct.2020 and Oct.2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups, 60 in AMD group (fascial amplatz dilation), 60 in OSD group (one shot dilation) and 60 in END group (endoscopic dilation). Time to establish channels, operating time, failure of access, stone clearance rate, drop in hemoglobin, embolization rate, fever rate, blood transfusion rate and postoperative hospitalization were compared among the three groups. 【Results】 There were no significant differences in the general data among the three groups (P>0.05). Compared with AMD and OSD groups, END group needed significantly reduced time to establish the first channel [(5.6±0.8) min vs. (4.9±1.4) min vs. (4.2±0.5) min, (P<0.05)] . Compared with OSD group, END and AMD groups had significantly more hemoglobin drop [(14.0±17.6) g/L vs. (19.4±12.6) g/L vs. (10.2±6.8) g/L, (P<0.05)] . There were no significant differences in terms of failure of establishing channels, operating time, stone clearance rate, embolization rate, fever rate, blood transfusion rate and postoperative hospitality. Four patients needed selective renal artery embolization (1 case in AMD group and 3 in OSD group). No serious complications such as organ injuries, septic shock or death occurred. 【Conclusion】 Endoscopic two-wire guided dilation is simple, with few complications and good application value.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 809-815, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prenatal genetic features and the factors influencing the prognosis of twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS) in monochorionic twin pregnancies.Methods:A total of 99 cases diagnosed with TRAPS by prenatal ultrasound in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from July 1, 2007, to December 31, 2021, were included retrospectively. The prenatal genetic features of acardiac and pump twins were analyzed. Eighty-nine cases were followed up and divided into two groups: the expectation group ( n=45) and the intrauterine intervention group (all underwent radiofrequency ablation, n=44) and the pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. After excluding eight cases without complete ultrasound data, the expectation group was further divided into two subgroups: the pump fetus survival ( n=28) and the pump fetus death groups ( n=9), and the survival subgroup was divided into the spontaneous arrest group ( n=16) and coexistence group ( n=12) according to whether or not the blood flow stopped spontaneously.The relationship between ultrasonic indexes and pregnancy outcome was compared between the groups. Chi-square test (or Fisher's exact test), univariate logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to analyze the relationship between the estimated acardiac to pump twin weight ratio (A/P Wt) and the pregnancy outcome of the pump twin in the expectation group. Results:(1) The median gestational age at diagnosis of the 99 TRAPS cases was 16.4 weeks (13.3- 21.3 weeks) and 32% (32/99) were diagnosed in the first trimester. Most of the cases were monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies (72/99, 73%). The survival rate of the pump twins was 71% (63/89). (2) Chromosome karyotyping and/or chromosomal microarray analysis was performed in 19 acardiac twins and 82 pump twins. The detection rate of genetic abnormalities in the acardiac twins was higher than that in the pump twins [4/19 vs 5% (4/82), Fisher's exact test, P=0.039]. Chromosomal microarray analysis was performed in 54 pump twins with normal karyotypes and the results showed three (6%) with genetic abnormalities. (3) In the expectation group, the area under ROC curve for the prenatal A/P Wt were 0.913 in predicting pump twin death and 0.807 in predicting spontaneous cessation of blood flow in the cardiac twin, and the cut-off values were 0.24 (sensitivity: 88.9%, specificity: 96.4%) and 0.11 (sensitivity: 75.0%, specificity: 81.3%), respectively. The survival rate of pump twins with abnormal cardiac function after intrauterine intervention was higher than that of the expectant group [72% (18/25) vs 3/11, Fisher's exact test, P=0.025]. Conclusions:TRAPS can be diagnosed in the first trimester and commonly occur in monochorionic diamniotic pregnancies. The detection rate of genetic abnormalities in the acardiac twins is higher than that in the pump twins. Prenatal A/P Wt>0.24 indicates the death of the pump twin and prenatal A/P Wt≤0.11 suggests a high possibility of spontaneous cessation of blood flow in the acardiac twin. Radiofrequency ablation is an effective method for improving the prognosis of the pump twin with cardiac dysfunction.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 540-545, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the spatial distribution characteristics and spatial aggregation of the epidemic of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome(SFTS) in Yantai City of Shandong Province, and to provide basis for formulating effective SFTS prevention and control measures.Methods:The epidemic data of SFTS confirmed cases in each township (street) in Yantai City, Shandong Province from 2015 to 2020 were collected from the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System Infectious Disease Monitoring and Reporting System", and ArcGIS 10.2 software was used for spatial autocorrelation analysis.Results:From 2015 to 2020, a total of 839 SFTS cases were reported in Yantai City, including 124 deaths; with an average annual incidence rate of 2.14/100 000, and a total case fatality rate of 14.78%. Global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the distribution of SFTS cases in Yantai City from 2015 to 2020 showed a positive spatial correlation, with the highest spatial correlation in 2015 (Moran's I = 0.25, Z = 5.66, P < 0.001), and the lowest in 2018 (Moran's I = 0.16, Z = 3.69, P < 0.001). Local spatial autocorrelation and hotspot analysis showed that the epidemic areas of SFTS were mainly in some mountainous and hilly townships (streets) of Laizhou City, Penglai District, Qixia City, Zhaoyuan City, and Haiyang City. Conclusions:The distribution of SFTS epidemic in Yantai City has obvious regional clustering. Intervention measures such as publicity, education and monitoring should be strengthened in high-incidence areas to reduce the incidence of the disease.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 309-314, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the epidemic characteristics and risk factors of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) in Zhaoyuan City, and to provide basis for the improvement of prevention and control strategies.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed to collect the SFTS surveillance data and epidemiological investigation results of confirmed cases in Zhaoyuan City from 2011 to 2018 from the "Infectious Disease Report Information Management System of the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System", and the general situation and epidemiological characteristics, onset and treatment, clinical manifestations and contact history of SFTS cases were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method; 60 cases of SFTS confirmed cases and 120 healthy people in the same village, same sex, and same age group as the confirmed case were selected by case-control study to analyze the risk factors of SFTS.Results:A total of 140 confirmed SFTS cases were reported in Zhaoyuan City from 2011 to 2018, with a fatality rate of 18.57% (27/140); the onset time was mainly from May to August, accounting for 83.57% (117/140); the age of onset was mainly 50 - 80 years old, accounting for 90.00%(126/140); the sex ratio of men to women was 1.06 ∶ 1.00 (72 ∶ 68); the occupation distribution was dominated by farmers, accounting for 92.14% (129/140). In 140 cases of SFTS, the average time intervals from onset to first visit and from first visit to confirmation of diagnosis were 4 and 6 days, respectively; and the average medical visit history from onset to diagnosis was 2 times, 60.71% (85/140) of the cases were first diagnosed by township medical institutions, 86.43% (121/140) of the cases were diagnosed by municipal hospitals; the first symptom was fever, which accounted for 92.86% (130/140). The logistic regression analysis showed that domestic animals [odds ratio ( OR)=9.209, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 2.064-41.083] and tick bites ( OR = 16.818, 95% CI: 1.553 - 182.164) were risk factors for SFTS. Conclusions:The onset time of SFTS is mainly from May to August in Zhaoyuan City, and farmers over 50 years old are the key population; domestic animals and tick bites are the risk factors for the onset of SFTS. The publicity and health education of SFTS prevention and control knowledge for key populations should be strengthened.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1984-1987, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of empathy training programs on operating room nurses.Methods:A total of 100 internship nurses from the first phase and the second phase of clinical practice in the operation room of Liaocheng People′s Hospital from December 2016 to December 2018 were randomly selected. They were divided into the control group and the experimental group by randomized picking method. The experimental group was given empathy training intervention, and the control group students did not have the above training. The demographics of each intern student were recorded. The control group did not have the above training; the experimental group did three epistemological questionnaires immediately before the training, three weeks after the training and one month after the training, and the control group did not know the experimental group empathy training, at the same time as the experimental group, did three empathy questionnaire scores. Comparing the experimental group and the control group, the scores of the questionnaires in each stage of the experimental group were statistically different.Results:There were 48 nursing students in the control group and 45 nursing students in the experimental group. Before the training and immediately after the training, the median score of the empathy questionnaire was 107 points and 120 points. There was statistical difference ( U value was 6.53, P < 0.05). The median score of the empathy questionnaire for the 1 month after the training in the experimental group was 122 points, which was statistically different from that before the training ( U value was 7.53, P <0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the scores of the questionnaires in the immediately after the training and 1 month after the training between the control group and the experimental group ( U values were 6.34, 6.67, P<0.05). Conclusions:Through the empathy training program, the scores of empathy nurses in the operating room can be effectively improved.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 310-312, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744304

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak caused by human brucellosis in a farm in Yantai City,to explore the causes and transmission routes,and to provide evidence for prevention and control of brucellosis in Yantai City.Methods In 2014,an on-site investigation was conducted in a farm where brucellosis occurred in Yantai City,and case searches were conducted on exposed populations in the farm.According to the investigation questionnaire on epidemiology of brucellosis in Shandong Province,general information,clinical manifestation and high-risk behavior exposure information of the cases were collected;blood samples were collected and tested by tiger red plate agglutination test (RBPT) and tube agglutination test (SAT).Brucellosis was diagnosed according to the "Diagnostic Criteria for Brucellosis" (WS 269-2007).Results The first case was male,58 years old,farm worker.A total of 38 suspected cases were found.Eleven patients with positive RBPT and SAT≥1:100 (++) were confirmed cases.The confirmed cases were all male,with a median age of 52 years,ranging from 40 to 60 years old;5 farm workers and 6 construction workers;the onset time was mainly in June and July,a total of 7 cases;clinical manifestations mainly included excessive sweating,muscle and joint pain,fatigue,testicular swelling,etc.Of the 147 sheep in the farm,47 were positive by laboratory tests,accounting for 31.97%,which were the main sources of infection.High-risk exposures for farm workers included hand-delivered births (5 cases) and breeding for livestock (1 case);high-risk exposures for construction workers included entry and exit of sheep houses (6 cases) and handling of supplies in sheep houses (6 cases).Conclusions The epidemic is caused by direct contact with Brucella-infected sheep or caused by respiratory contact with brucellosis contaminated environment.It is necessary to strengthen the health education for prevention and control of the disease in key populations and improve the awareness of the disease.

12.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 215-222, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694239

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors that affect the early recurrence (recurrence occurring within 3 months after surgical resection) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to discuss the risk factors influencing the survival after hepatectomy. Methods The clinical data of 257 HCC patients, who were admitted to authors' hospital during the period from January 1, 2007 to March 31, 2014 to receive cTACE within 3 months after surgical resection of hepatocellular carcinoma, were retrospectively analyzed. According to DSA findings (lipiodol CT scan was performed in part of patients with undetermined diagnosis), the patients were divided into recurrence group and non-recurrence group. By using univariate analysis and multiple logistic regression analysis, the correlation of the clinical and pathological data with the early recurrence was analyzed. The patients were followed up, the survival time was recorded. The relationship between patient's clinical data and postoperative survival was evaluated. Results ① Of the 257 patients, early recurrence was detected in 150 patients (58. 4%, recurrence group) and no recurrence was observed in 107 patients (41. 6%, non-recurrence group). ②The presence of satellite nodules and the integrity of tumor encapsulation were two independent factors associated with the postoperative residual lesions. ③The maximum diameter of the tumor, Edmondson grade and the vascular cancer thrombus were the independent risk factors affecting survival. ④The median survival time of patients in recurrence group was markedly shortened than that of patients in non-recurrence group (39 months vs. 93 months). Conclusion The early recurrence (within 3 months after resection) of hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with the presence of satellite nodules and the integrity of tumor encapsulation. The survival of patients after hepatectomy is related to the maximum diameter of the tumor, Edmondson grade and the vascular cancer thrombus. The median survival time in patients having early recurrence is significantly shortened than that in patients having no early recurrence. (J Intervent Radiol, 2018, 27: 215-222)

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4946-4948, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691712

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Objective To explore the effect of pravastatin on carotid atherosclerosis in the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicating hypertension.Methods One hundred and six patients.with T2DM complicating hypertension treated in this hospital from April 2015 to April 2016 were selected and divided into the conventional treatment group (n=52) and pravastatin group (n=54).The patients of conventional treatment group were given the conventional therapy of diet control,reducing blood glucose,controlling hypertension,symptomatic and support treatment,while on the basis of conventional therapy the patients of pravastatin group were added with pravastatin.The carotid intima-medial thickness (IMT),detection rate of carotid atherosclerotic plaque and carotid plaque score were measured by ultrasound before and after the treatment in all cases.Meanwhile the levels of serum lipid and hyper sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were determined.Results The above indicators in the conventional treatment group had no statistically significant difference between before and after treatment (P>0.05),but the IMT value,detection rate of carotid atherosclerotic plaque and carotid plaque score after treatment in the pravastatin group were decreased compared with before treatment,the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC),triacylglycerol (TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and hs-CRP were also significantly reduced compared with before treatment,the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05),moreover the above indicators after treatment in the pravastatin group were remarkably lower than those in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence rate of adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).Conclusion Pravastatin can effectively and safely improve the carotid atherosclerosis degree in the patients with T2DM complicating hypertension.

14.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 455-459, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611984

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effectiveness,safety and influencing factors of arterial infusion of oxaliplatin for the treatment of colorectal l1iver metastases after surgery.Methods Totally 68 colorectal liver metastases after surgery patients pathologically confirmed received at least two course of arterial infusion of oxaliplatin combined with TACE.According to postoperative intravenous chemotherapy,the patients were divided into group A (no chemotherapy) and group B (chemotherapy).Survival time of patients were followed up.According to the efficacy of solid tumor evaluation criteria the objective effect was evaluated,the adverse reactions were compared between two groups.Cox regression analysis was performed to assess the possible factors influencing survival time.Results The median overall survival (OS) of all the 68 patients was 18 months,with complete remission 16 cases,partial remission 26 cases,stable diseasse 21 cases,stable diseasse 5 cases,the response rate (RR) was 61.76% (42/68).The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10 months.The RR,OS and PFS had no statistical difference (all P>0.05).The variables that eventually entered the Cox regression model were tumor differentiation (P=0.003,hazard ratio 2.202).Conclusion Arterial infusion of oxaliplatin and TACE is effective in treating colorectal liver metastases after surgery,with high objective response rate.

15.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 139-143, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491941

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Objective To investigate the effects of ropivacaine infiltration combined with dezo-cine intravenous on stress response during recovery from general anesthesia in patients undergoing e-sophageal cancer surgery.Methods One hundred and forty-four patients of esophageal cancer under-going elective surgery were randomly divided into dezocine group (group D,n = 48 ),ropivacaine group (group R,n =47)and ropivacaine combined with dezocine group (group RD,n =49 ).Before slicing 10 min,patients in group D were taken 20 ml saline infiltration anesthesia (1∶200 000 epi-nephrine),while in group R and group RD were taken 20 ml 0.5% ropivacaine infiltration anesthesia. Patients in the group R were injected intravenously 2 ml saline,while in group D and group RD were injected intravenously 10 mg dezocine 30 min before the end of surgery.Peri-operative bleeding,oper-ation time,recovery time of anesthesia,extubation time and the dosage of propofol and sufentanil of three groups were recorded respectively.At the time points of before induction of anesthesia (T0 ), the end of the surgery (T1 ),removal trachea immediate (T2 ),10 min (T3 )and 30 min (T4 ),the blood pressures and heart rates were recorded,and the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA),epi-nephrine (E)and norepinephrine (NE)were detected.Results Recovery time of anesthesia and extu-bation time in group R and group RD were shorter than that in group D significantly (P <0.05).The dosage of propofol and sufentanil in group R and group RD were less than that in group D significantly (P <0.05).Compared with T0 ,SBP in three groups were elevated significantly at T1-T4 (P <0.05), DBP and HR in group D and group R increased significantly at T3 (P <0.05).DBP and HR in group RD at T3 were lower than that in group D and group R significantly (P <0.05).Compared with T0 , the levels of blood sugar,Cor,MDA,E and NE in three groups were elevated significantly at T1-T4 (P <0.05).The levels of blood sugar,Cor,MDA,E and NE in group RD at T1-T4 were lower than that in group D and group R significantly(P < 0.05 ).The incidences of agitation and elevation of blood pressure in group RD were lower than that in group D and group R significantly (P <0.05 ). Conclusion Ropivacaine infiltration combined with dezocine intravenous applied in the esophageal cancer surgery could effectively reduce the stress response during recovery from anesthesia,and de-crease the incidence of agitation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 993-997, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the predominance ticks and the infectious status of severe fever with thrombocytopenia (SFTSV) in Penglai and Laizhou counties, Shandong province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two towns with high incidence rate were selected in Penglai and Laizhou, respectively, then three villages were selected in each towns. Parasitic ticks were collected from the host skin by hand manually and free ticks manually with white cloth from the grassland, monthly, during April to December in 2011. Samples were classified by original, varieties, developmental stages, then extracted RNA, using Realtime RT-PCR to test severe fever thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, S fragments were amplified with nested PCR, then isolated virus. By neighbor joining method in the phylogenetic tree, the minimum infection rate (MIR) was used to represent the infection status of ticks in novel bunyavirus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 3 145 ticks were collected totally from 5 categories, there were 3 048(96.92%) of Haemaphysalis longicornis, 73(2.32%) of Rhinpicephalus sanguineus, 10(0.32%) of microplus Boophilus, 9(0.29%) of Haemaphysalis campanulata, 5(0.16%) of Dermacentor sinicus, respectively. The positive rate of nucleic acid of 2 044 samples was 6.16% (126/2 044), minimum infection rate (MIR) was 4.01%, there were 122(96.83%) of Haemaphysalis longicornis, 3(2.38%) of Rhinpicephalus sanguineus, and 1(0.79%) of microplus Boophilus, MIR was 4.00%, 4.11%, and 10.00%, respectively. There were no nucleic acid positive samples in Haemaphysalis campanulata and Dermacentor sinicus. The 11 S segments were amplified in 126 positive samples, the homology of S fragment was 95.6%-99.9% with 11 strains isolated from the identified SFTS cases in local area, 3 strains isolated from animals, and 11 strains isolated from other areas. There was no significant difference among original, varieties and developmental stages.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Haemaphysalis longicornis was the predominant species in Penglai and Laizhou counties, it could be propagation medium with Rhipicephalus sanguineus and microplus Boophilus, S sequence in ticks was higher homology with virus isolated from local SFTS cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Phlebovirus , Phylogeny , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ticks , Classification , Virology
17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2835-2837, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of Maren pills combined with lactulose preventing opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in patients with cancer pain. METHODS:281 cases of advanced cancer pain were selected and divided into Maren pills group,lactulose group and drug combination group. 3 groups were given opioid to relieve pain,and additionally received Maren pills,lactulose or drug combination(lactulose for 3 d and then Maren pills for 3 d instead,repeated in the same way)to treatment OIC prophylactically. The constipation conditions of 3 groups were observed and recorded at 2,4 and 6 weeks after the therapy. And then the data were analyzed statistically. RESULTS:The regular doses of Maren pills and lactulose alone or combination had prevention effect on OIC. Drug combination showed better long-term prevention effect;there were statistically significant difference in constipation conditions between grug combination group and other 2 groups after 4 and 6 weeks of therapy (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Maren pills combined with lactulose are obvious benefit for constipation prevention and relief in cancer pain patients who use opioid for a long time.

18.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1506-1510, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479020

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the effect and safety of modified XELOX regimen for the treatment of colorectal cancer with he-patic metastases.Methods A retrospective analysis on the clinical data in 18 patients with colorectal cancer with hepatic metastases was performed in our hospital.The diagnosis in all patients was confirmed by biopsy and colonoscopy,and the primary lesion was not resected but with at least 2 courses treatment with modified XELOX regimen (intravenous infusion of oxaliplatin changed into ar-terial perfusion and 1-hour slow perfusion with indwelling catheter).The intrahepatic metastases were detected by CT and/or MRI and the primary focus was examined by enteroscopy every 2 months.A follow-up on survival time was performed and the objective response was evaluated in accordance with RECIST criteria.SPSS 1 9.0 was used for an analysis by Kaplan-Meier method.Results (1)Curative effect was evaluated in all 18 patients and TACE has been used for 1 1 5 times.The median OS was 14.0 months with 95% CI (9.6,18.4),and the median PFS was 8.0 months with 95% CI (5.2,10.8)including CR in 2,PR in 7,SD in 4 and PD in 5.The efficiency rate (RP)was 50.0% and the clinical benefit rate (CBR)was 72.2%;(2)The post-treatment adverse reactions mainly included fever,nausea,emesis,pain,impaired liver function,myelosuppression and peripheral sensory neuropathy,most of which were at Level Ⅰ-Ⅱ without treatment-related death.Fever with different degrees occurred in all patients,and nausea and emesis in 13.Pain and abnormal liver function occurred within 3-5 days after TACE with less than Level 2.Conclusion Modified XELOX regimen is practically effective in treating colorectal cancer with hepatic metastases.With a high objective response rate,it can improve patients'living quality and increase excision rate with tolerable adverse reactions.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 177-181, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467066

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the potential and value of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) conjugated by mesothelin antibody as MRI targeting contrast agent for diagnosis of implanted human pancreatic carcinomas in nude mouse.Methods Nude mouse tumor models bearing multiple human pancreatic carcinomas at different time points was established and they were randomized into two groups,and USPIO or MSLN-USPIO were used as contrast enhanced agents in the 3.0T MRI scan,respectively,then the positive detection rates for smallest tumors,and the signal intensity of tumors in T2 mapping images of both unenhanced and contrast enhanced scanning and the negative enhancement rate were measured,then Prussian blue staining was performed in alI the tumor specimens to observe the difference of Fe3 + ion deposition.Results There was no statistical significance between USPIO group and MSLN-USPIO group in the positive detection rates for smallest tumors.In USPIO group,the negative enhancement rate of left or right axilla tumors was (12.29 ±7.45)% and (11.06 ±5.91)%,and they were (33.88 ±6.09)% and (43.29 ± 11.64)% in MSLN-USPIO group.There was statistical significance in the difference of signal intensity between unenhanced and contrast enhanced in left or right axilla tumors (P < 0.05),and the negative enhancement rate in MSLN-USPIO group was significantly higher than that in USPIO group (P <0.05).The Fe3+ ion deposition in tumors' tissue in MSLN-USPIO group was significantly more than that in USPIO group.Conclusions The enhanced effect of MSLN-USPIO is superior to USOPIO,and it can be a tumor targeted MR contrast enhanced agent for the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma in nude mouse.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 401-404, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466290

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) using low doses of oxaliplatin in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods A retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Interventional Radiology,Changhai Hospital from September 2009 to September 2011.Fifty-eight patients were divided into two groups according to the doses of oxaliplatin used in TACE as group 1 (40 mg/m2) and group 2 (80 mg/m2).The clinical data were collected and analyzed using SPSS 19.Results When compared with group 2,patiems in group 1 showed less postoperative nausea and vomiting (22.6% vs.66.7%;x2 =11.43;P <0.05),lower pain scores (29.3% vs.77.8%;x2 =13.73;P < 0.05),and less decrease in leukocyte numbers (7.98 ± 1.04 × 199/L vs.3.98 ±1.66 × 199/L;t =8.27;P < 0.05),and better liver function as measured by ALT [(44.1 ± 23.8) U/L vs.(79.4 ±24.7)U/L;t =-5.54;P <0.05].The two groups showed no significant differences at one year and three years on follow up with overall survival rates of 67.7% vs.63.0%,30.7% vs.22.2%,respectively,P > 0.05.Conclusion Elderly HCC patients treated with TACE using low doses of oxaliplatin had milder side effects of chemotherapy and better overall survival.

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