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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1485-1491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927197

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To mine and analyze the risk signal of glucagon- like peptide -1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA)related adverse drug reaction (ADR). METHODS ADR data related to GLP- 1RA from April 1,2005 to October 16,2021 in the openFDA database were collected ,and the Bayesian confidence propagation neoral network (BCPNN)method was used for data mining. ADR were classified and described by using systematic organ classification (SOC)of drug ADR terminology set in 24.0 edition of MedDRA. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS A total of 175 719 ADR reports related to GLP- 1RA were retrieved ,with 140 ADR positive signals ,involving five drugs such as exenatide (77 027 cases of ADR and 31 ADR positive signals ),dulaglutide (45 329 cases of ADR and 26 ADR positive signals ),liraglutide (42 748 cases of ADR and 32 ADR positive signals ), semaglutide(8 844 cases of ADR and 27 ADR positive signals )and lixisenatide (1 771 cases of ADR and 24 ADR positive signals). According to SOC classification ,GLP-1RA-induced ADR involved gastrointestinal system ,hepatobiliary system ,nervous system,urinary and renal system ,endocrine system ,immune system and administration site. In the gastrointestinal system ,the risk of (acute)pancreatitis was higher ,and the order of risk was liraglutide >exenatide>semaglutide>dulaglutide>lixisenatide; ADR signal of hepatobiliary system was stronger for cholelithiasis ,and the order of risk was liraglutide >semaglutide>exenatide> lixisenatide>dulaglutide. In the nervous system ,the risk of taste disorder was higher ;compared with dulaglutide and lixisenatide , liraglutide,exenatide and semaglutide were more likely to cause headache and dizziness. In urinary and renal system , compared with exena tide,dulaglutide and lixisenatide ,liraglutide and semaglutide were more likely to cause acute renal injury. In the endocrine system ,the risk of hypoglycemia was higher ,and the order of risk was exenatide >liraglutide>lixisenatide> semaglutide>dulaglutide. In the immune system ,lixisenatide was more likely to develop urticaria than other drugs ,dulaglutide and liraglutide did not caused ADR signal. Among the administration sites ,the risk of ADR caused by exenatide and dulaglutide was higher,while the risk of related ADR caused by semaglutide was lower. When using GLP- 1RA clinically ,we should closely monitor the renal function and blood glucose of patients ,and pay attention to patients with sudden upper abdominal pain ;in case of relevant ADR ,timely intervention measures should be taken to ensure the safety and effectiveness of medication.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912494

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles (EV) are lipid bilayer vesicles with a diameter of 30-1000 nm secreted by cells or microorganisms, which are abundant in proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and other biological information molecules. Therefore, EV can be used as a carrier, transferring materials between cells. At present, in infectious diseases, EV derived from pathogenic microorganisms could be considered as a double-edged sword, which means it can not only play a negative role in the host′s infection immunity, bacteria′s pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance transmission, but also manifest the advantages in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882603

ABSTRACT

Jiaji points have been widely used in the treatment of cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, stroke, cervical spondylosis, lumbar disc herniation, ankylosing spondylitis, herpes zoster and other diseases, and shown good curative effect. The treatment methods for Jiaji points are rich, including acupuncture, electroacupuncture, moxibustion, percussion, fire needle, acupoint injection, warm acupuncture, and bloodletting. And acupuncture and electroacupuncture are the most application treatment methods. But the treatment shows narrow, scope of diseases, like internal medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology. Such treatment of Jiaji points are seldomly combined with other acupoints. Though Jiaji point treatment has good curative effect for insomnia, depression, uterine fibroids and other diseases, clinical application is few.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1290-1294, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the curative effect of hematoma removal and minimally invasive puncture drainage in hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) under neuroendoscope.Methods:The clinical data of 118 patients with HICH admitted to our hospital from February 2017 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different surgical methods, the patients were divided into group A ( n=59, minimally invasive puncture and drainage) and group B ( n=59, neuroendoscopic hematoma removal). The perioperative indexes, complications and neurological function indexes [neuron specific enolase (NSE), neurotrophic factor (NGF), substance P (SP)], inflammatory factor index [interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] and related scale scores [National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), modified Barthel Index (mBI)] were compared between the two groups. Results:The operation time, cerebrospinal fluid recovery time, hematoma removal time and hospitalization time of group B were shorter than those of group A ( P<0.05). On the 7th day after operation, the NSE, SP, IL-6, TNF-α in the two groups were decreased, and the levels of NSE, SP, IL-6 and TNF-α in group B were lower than those in group A ( P<0.05); on the 7th day after operation, the levels of NGF in two groups were increased, and those in group B were higher than those in group A ( P<0.05). 6 months after operation, the NIHSS decreased and mBI increased in both groups ( P<0.05), and NIHSS in group B was lower than that in group A, but mBI was higher than that in group A ( P<0.05). There was no difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with minimally invasive puncture and drainage, neuroendoscope hematoma removal for HICH patients can effectively improve perioperative indicators, reduce neurological damage and body inflammatory stimulation, and improve the self-care ability of patients, which is safe and reliable.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 285-288, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746413

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and development of malignant tumors is closely related to the tumor microenvironment. Tumor-associated neutrophils (TAN) are important inflammatory cells in the tumor microenvironment. Studies have confirmed that TAN plays an important role in tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, pathological angiogenesis, and immunity escapes. TAN can be activated as an anti-tumor N1 type and a tumor-promoting N2 type. This article reviews the biological characteristics of TAN and the role of TAN in the malignant tumors and its mechanism.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745754

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and 24-hour urinary microalbumin (UMA) and evaluate the predictive value of ARC for early diabetic nephropathy.Methods A total of 368 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were retrospectively collected.Early diabetic nephropathy was defined as 24h UMA 30~<300 mg/24h.The correlation between ACR and 24hUMA,and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of ACR in diagnosis of early diabetic nephropathy were calculated.Gender,age,course of disease,fasting venous blood glucose,glycosylated hemoglobin,blood pressure,triglyceride and total cholesterol were used as adjusting variables to establish univariate and multivariate logistic models of ACR for early diabetic nephropathy,respectively.A regression model was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of ACR for early diabetic nephropathy.Results The correlation between ACR and 24h UMA was 0.658.The area under ROC curve of ACR for early diabetic nephropathy was 0.907 before and 0.933 after adjustments of gender,age,course of disease,fasting venous blood glucose,glycosylated hemoglobin,blood pressure,triglyceride and total cholesterol,respectively.The OR value of ACR of diabetic nephropathy was 2.016 before and 2.762 after same adjustments.The calibration of Hosmer-Lemeshow chi-square test evaluation model was 19.362 before (P=0.13) and 14.928 after adjustments (P=0.061).Conclusion ACR is a better predictor for early diabetic nephropathy although its value is influenced by gender,age,course of disease,blood sugar,lipid,and blood pressure.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703219

ABSTRACT

At present, the cats play a more and more important role in medical experiments as an experimental animal,especially for the studies of neurology,physiology and toxicology. Compared with rodent animals,the physiological characteristics, anatomical features, pathological and biochemical reactions of cats are closer to human beings, and compared with the primate animals,they have advantages of economy,abundant resources and so on. Therefore,cat has an extensive application prospect in animal models of human diseases. This article mainly reviews and summarizes the establishing method and research status of cats as an animal model of human diseases in ophthalmology, nervous system, tumor and other fields in recent years.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700170

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluated the clinical efficacy of transurethral en bloc resection of bladder tumor with 2 μm laser in the high-risk elderly patients with bladder cancer under local anesthesia. Methods All of 64 high-risk elderly patients having underwent surgical treatment from April 2015 to October 2016 were divided into 2 groups,2 μm laser group(30 patients)and transurethral resection of bladder tumor(TURBT)group(34 group)according to surgical methods.The area and degree of pain was observed and recorded using visual analogue scales(VAS)during the 2 μm laser operation. The operation time,bladder irrigation time,catheter indwelling time,hospital stay,complications and 1-year cumulative recurrence rate were compared between 2 groups. Results The ASA grade in 2 μm laser group was higher than that in TURBT group and there was significant difference(P<0.05).During the 2 μm laser operation,the urethra pain was 53.33%(16/30),bladder pain was 20.00%(6/30), both urethra and bladder pain was 26.67%(8/30).The VAS scores were(2.50 ± 1.38)points,all the patients tolerated the pain in the 2 μm laser group.There was no significant difference in operation time between 2 groups(P>0.05).The bladder irrigation time,catheter indwelling time and hospital stay were shorter in 2 μm laser group than those in TURBT group:(40.00 ± 19.06)h vs.(56.47 ± 14.55)h,(4.33 ± 1.40)d vs. (5.65 ± 0.93) d,(4.13 ± 1.51) d vs. (6.24 ± 0.75) d,P<0.05 or<0.01. The overall incidence of complications was lower in 2 μm laser group than that in TURBT group:13.33%(4/30) vs. 64.71% (22/34),χ2=8.719,P=0.003.Compared with that of pre-treatment,the quality of life was higher after treatment in two groups,but there were no significant differences between the two groups.There were no significant differences in 1-year cumulative recurrence rate between the two groups after treatment (χ2= 0.496,P = 0.481). Conclusions Transurethral 2 μm laser treatment in bladder cancer under urethral surface anesthesia is safe and reliable for the high-risk elderly patients and complications are fewer than TURBT.The recent curative effect is satisfied.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 565-568, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612961

ABSTRACT

Objective Invasive candidiasis is associated with a significant mortality clinically.The purpose of this study was to observe the T cells immune response to fructose bisphosphate aldolase (Fba), an immunodominant antigen of Candida albicans, and determine whether the antigen has the possibility of priming cellular immune protection in invasive candiasis.Methods Using ELISPOT assay, we determined the frequencies of positive spot-forming cells (SFCs) of Fba antigen-specific T cells secreting IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-17A in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 26 healthy individuals.Results After Fba stimulation, the frequencies of positive SFCs of IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-17A in the 26 healthy subjects were 23 (9.75, 42.50), 0 (0, 0.25) and 1.5 (0.75, 8.25), respectively, with statistically significant differences among the three (P<0.01).The response rates of IFN-γ (100% [26/26]) and IL-17A (76.92% [20/26]) were significantly higher than that of IL-4 (15.38% [4/26]) (P<0.01).Fba-induced strong response (SCFs ≥20) for IFN-γ was observed in 57.69% (15/26) of the healthy individuals, that for IL-17A in only 1, while that for IL-4 in none.Responses of both Th1 and Th17 cells to Fba were found in 65.38% (17/26) of the subjects, that of Th1 cells in 19.23% (5/26), but that of Th2 cells in none.Conclusion Fba of Candida albicans can induce immunodominant responses of Th1 and Th17 cells and is a potential vaccine against invasive candiasis.

10.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 377-380,389, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612602

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes in inflammatory reactions in tail-suspension mice infected by Klebsiella pneumoniae from spaceflight.Methods Tail suspension was used to simulate the physiological effects of microgravity.C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control (Con),control+K.pneumoniae T16-169 (Con+T16-169),tail suspension (TS) and tail suspension+K.pneumoniae T16-169 (TS+T16-169) groups.The level of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA in lung tissue and the plasma cytokine concentration were detected by RT-qPCR and xMAP technology,and HE staining was used to represent the morphological changes in lung tissue.Results Compared with the control group,the expression of inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue and plasma concentrations of all experimental groups were increased,and the difference in TS+T16-169 group was the most significant (P<0.01 or P<0.001).HE staining showed that the lung tissues in Con+T16-169 and TS+T16-169 groups were damaged in different degrees,and the damage of TS+T16-169 group was the most serious.Conclusion The K.pneumoniae from spaceflight significantly increases the expression of inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue and plasma concentrations after infecting tail-suspension mice,and induces more serious damages to the lung tissue,which suggests that inflammatory reactions can be increased in tail suspension mice infected by K.pneumoniae from spaceflight.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607721

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical decompression and fusion has been widely used in the treatment of multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but accompanied with lots of complications.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of zero-profile interboby fixation system for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy.METHODS: Seventy-one patients with multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy were randomly divided into two groups, and the patients in group A accepted zero-profile interboby fixation system, and group B accepted cage interboby fixation system. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association score, fusion rate, as well as the incidence of dysphagia and esophageal fistula were detected to compare the efficacy between two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) All cases were followed-up for 3-34 months, average of 17.5 months. The excellent and good rate at the last follow-up showed no significant difference between two groups. (2) The final fusion rate did not differ significantly between two groups, but the fusion rate in the group A was significantly higher than that in the group B at 6 and 9 months postoperatively (P < 0.05). (3) There was one patient with mild dysphagia in the group A (3%), three mild, five medium, and two severe dysphagia in the group B (29%), which showed significant difference between two groups (P < 0.05). No internal fixation loosening occurred in the group A, but three cases in the group B. The blood loss, operation time and radiology times in the group A were significantly lower than those in the group B (P < 0.05). (4) These results suggest that the effect of these two surgical methods in promoting functional recovery of spinal cord and final fusion rate show no significant differences; however, the zero-profile interboby fixation system exhibits better postoperative stability and interim fusion rate, with lower incidence of dysphagia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507886

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the expression and clinical significance of tumor suppressor phosphatase -tension protein gene(PTEN)in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and the relationship with the V600E gene site muta-tion of murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1(BRAF).Methods The expression of PTEN was assayed by im-munohistochemical staining in differentiated thyroid carcinoma and adjacent tissues.The differences were compared between clinical pathological features.The BRAF V600E gene mutation was detected by fluorescence quantitative pol-ymerase chain reaction(PCR)and to investigate the correlation between the expression of PTEN and BRAF V600E mutation.Results The negative rate of PTEN was 78.75%(63 /80)in differentiated thyroid carcinoma,13.75%(11 /80)in adjacent tissues(χ2 =27.236,P =0.000).There were significant differences in the expression of PTEN between I -II and III -IV in TNMstage,grade I and II,and lymph node metastasis(χ2 =10.395,6.948,9.263,P =0.000,0.006,0.000).The differences were not significant in the expression of PTEN between different gender,≤45 years and >45 years different pathological types and tumor diameter <2cm and ≥2cm(χ2 =1.113,0.941, 2.301,1.567,P =0.185,0.213,0.087,0.181).There was correlation between the expression of PTEN and BRAF V600E mutations(r =0.301,P =0.004).Conclusion The expression of PTEN is involved in the occurrence and development of differentiated thyroid cancer and is associated with BRAF V600E.The PTEN has the predictive value of prognosis in tumors.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494707

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1/IL-37b and analyze the expression of IL-37 gene in THP-1 cells. Methods Total RNA was extracted from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells ( PB-MCs) and the coding region of IL-37b gene was amplified by RT-qPCR. Then, the gene was cloned into pEGFP-N1 eu-karyotic expression vector. After transfected the recombinant plasmid into THP-1 cells, the expression of IL-37 was detec-ted by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Results Double restriction enzyme digestion and gene sequencing showed that IL-37b gene was correctly inserted into the eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1. RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that the IL-37 expression level was increased significantly (P<0. 01) after transfection in THP-1 cells. Conclusions We successful-ly constructed a novel anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-37 eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1/IL-37b, which lays a foun-dation for further study on IL-37 functions and its association with related diseases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488092

ABSTRACT

[Summary] A total of 128 individuals with type 2 diabetes underwent continuous glucose monitoring for 3 consecutive days.The dawn phenomenon was defined by three different parameters according to the previous research:(1)the absolute increase of glucose level from nocturnal nadir to prebreakfast value(?G) above 20 mg/dl;(2)?G above 10 mg/dl;( 3 ) insulin requirement increased at least 20%.The participants were secondarily separated by presence/absence of a dawn phenomenon based on the definitions above.The impact on blood glucose fluctuation of different groups was assessed according to the standard deviation of blood glucose( SDBG) , the area under curve above 10 mmol/L ( AUC ) , and the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions ( MAGE ) , etc.The frequencies of dawn phenomenon were 64.8%(?G≥20mg/dl), 85.2%(?G≥10 mg/dl), and 59.4%(rise in insulin requirement≥20%)respectively.The impacts on SDBG, AUC, MAGE, and MODD were without statistical difference(P>0.05) between the presence and absence of the dawn phenomenon patients when?G≥10 mg/dl.However, the differences reached statistical significance(P<0.05) when ?G≥20 mg/dl and the increase in insulin requirement≥20%. Besides, the incidence of dawn phenomenon was positively correlated with HOMA-IR, HbA1C , and free C-peptide.Dawn phenomenon is a very frequent event in type 2 diabetes and not only impacts the overall glycemic control but also exaggerates glucose fluctuation.To be clinically relevant, ?G≥20mg/dl should be taken as the quantitative criterion of the dawn phenomenon.

15.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 55-61, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621340

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and efifcacy of Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) versus 1aparoscopic cryoablation (LCA) for the small renal tumors (SRMs).Methods The databases of PubMed, SCI, Ovid, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP and Wangfang Data were searched to controlled clinical trial about LPN versus LCA for the treatment of small renal tumor. The retrieval time span was from inception to Apr 2016. The studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the date were extracted and the quality was evaluated by 2 reviewers independently. And then the Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software.Results 9 studies were included, and 748 cases were involved. The meta-analysis showed that comparing with LPN, the operation time of LCA was shorter [MD = 42.75, 95 % CI (12.19~73.31),P = 0.006], less intraoperative blood loss [MD = 190.73, 95 % CI (126.67~254.78),P = 0.000], shortening hospital stay [MD = 2.23, 95 % CI (0.17~4.28),P = 0.030], lower transfusion rate [OR

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600791

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of dexmedetomidine complex with remifentanil in elderly patients with laparoscopic colon cancer resection.Methods 80 cases of elderly patients with laparoscopic colon cancer resec-tion were selected and divided into the study group and the control group with 40 patients in each group according to the random number table method.Two groups were induced conventionally,and intraoperative anesthesia maintained by remifentanil and sevoflurane.The study group were pumped dexmedetomidine 0.8μg/kg 10min before induction, then the doses reduced to 0.2 μg·kg -1 ·h -1 for continuous pumping until to the end of surgery,while the control group was pumped the same dose 0.9% sodium chloride injection,then the heart rate(HR)and mean arterial pres-sure(MAP)of the two groups were compared when entered into surgery room(T0 ),administered 5min(T1 ),after intubation(T2 ),surgical incision(T3 )and after extubation(T4 ),and the compose score,recovery time,and agitation score of two groups were compared.Results HR and MAP of the study group at T1 ,T2 ,T3 and T4 were (62.2 ± 1.1)times/min,(67.3 ±3.2)times/min,(69.2 ±2.3)times/min,(70.2 ±2.5)beats/min and(68.3 ±0.5)mmHg,(70.1 ±0.9)mmHg,(71.5 ±0.9)mmHg,(68.2 ±1.9)mmHg significantly lower than which of the control group (t =9.289,10.293,8.928,9.039,9.278,10.789,9.322,8.399,all P <0.05),and HR and MAP of the control group at T1 ,T2 ,T3 and T4 were significantly higher than T0,the differences were statistically significant(t =8.928, 9.892,8.387,8.927,9,783,9,073,9.039,7.938,all P <0.05);Compose score(4.2 ±1.3)points of the study group was significantly higher than (1.2 ±0.2)points of the control group,but the agitation score of the study group was(1.2 ±0.7)points,which was significantly lower than (2.9 ±1.5)points of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(t =9.38,8.379,all P <0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine complex with remifen-tanil has a anesthetic good effect in elderly patients with laparoscopic colon cancer resection,and which can maintain the more stable hemodynamics.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467730

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between the changes of ten elemental contents in serum and schizophrenia.Methods Calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn) in serum in the of schizophrenic patients and normal subjects are measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer and inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer, compared the content of elements between the schizophrenia and normal.Results There were significant differences ( P<0.05) in other elements between two groups except lead.The contents of Ca,Fe,Mg,Zn,As,Se,Cu in the patients with schizophrenia were significantly lower than those in control, while Al, Mn were significantly higher than those in control.Most of elements in serum between case and control groups were correlated (P<0.05).Some of element ratios which have physiological significance were significant statistically (P<0.05), such as: Ca/Mg, Ca/Fe and so on.Conclusion These findings suggest that the patients with schizophrenia might have an abnormal elemental metabolism.Given the relationship among the elements, the element ratios are more valuable in reflecting the relationship between schizophrenia and elements.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463511

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of propofol combined with sufentanil in laparoscopic ovarian cyst resection.Methods 80 cases who underwent laparoscopic ovarian cyst resection were chosen,they were divided into the observation group and control group with 40 patients in each group according to the random number table method.The observation group was anaesthetized with propofol combined with sufentanil,while the control group was anaesthetized with propofol combined with fentanyl,the recovery status,operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume,recovery time of gastrointestinal function and postoperative complications in the two groups were compared. Results The recovered spontaneous breathing time,recovery time,extubation time of the observation group were (8.4 ±2.3)min,(10.51 ±3.3)min,(12.7 ±2.3)min,which of the control group were (10.11 ±2.2)min, (12.3 ±2.6)min,(15.3 ±3.5)min,there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (t =3.378, 2.710,3.926,all P <0.05);The operation time,operation amount of bleeding,gastrointestinal function recovery time of the observation group were (44.7 ±5.4)min,(19.5 ±3.5)mL,(18.3 ±2.4)h,which of the control group were (67.5 ±7.8)min,(42.7 ±2.8)mL,(42.4 ±3.2)h,there were significant differences between the two groups(t =15.200,32.736,38.105,all P <0.05).Postoperative analgesia,postoperative awareness,emergence delirium inci-dence rates of the observation group were 25%,0%,7.5%,which were significantly lower than 57.5%,12.5%, 37.5% of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(χ2 =8.717,5.333,10.323,all P <0.05). Conclusion The propofol combined with sufentanil in laparoscopic ovarian cyst resection has more significant effect, which can shorten the operation time,promote the postoperative recovery,reduce complications,worthy to be widely used in clinical practice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602256

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore effect of propofol or sevoflurane combined with dexmedetomidine on postoperative cognitive function , erythrocyte sedimentation rate and oxidative stress in patients with bone tumour .Methods 52 cases with bone tumor and requiring a surgery were selected and divided into sevoflurane group and propofol group randomly.The sevoflurane group were anesthetized with sevoflurane and dexmedetomidine.Propofol group were anesthetized with propofol and dexmedetomidine.The cognitive function score, recovery time, sedimentation value and oxidative stress level were compared after operation.ResuIts Compared with propofol group at the same time, the cognitive function score of patients in sevoflurane group at postoperative 6, 12, 24 h were higher (P<0.05) and restored to preoperative levels at postoperative 24 h (P<0.05) .The recovery time of spontaneous breathing, eyes open, remove endotracheal intubation and directional force in sevoflurane group were shorter than that in propofol group (P<0.05).Compared with propofol group at the same time, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in sevoflurane group at postoperative 5, 10d were lower (P<0.05) and restored to preoperative levels at postoperative 10 d (P<0.05).Compared with propofol group postoperation, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) and methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) levels in sevoflurane group were lower, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) level was higher (P<0.05).ConcIusion Sevoflurane has a smaller effect on postoperative cognitive function than propofol in patients with bone tumor, combined with dexmedetomidine, which has an important significance to clinical surgery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:In recent years, a single-door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy was performed in the Department of Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. This surgery achieved spinal decompression while remaining the important structure of cervical vertebra. OBJECTIVE:To comparatively analyze the therapeutic effects of minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty and single-door laminoplasty on cervical spondylotic myelopathy. METHODS:A total of 78 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy were randomly divided into two groups, which respectively received minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty and single-door laminoplasty. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al cases were fol owed-up for 3-36 months. No significant difference in excellent and good rate of Japanese Orthopaedic Association score was detected between the two groups in final fol ow-up (P>0.05). The apparent rate of axial symptoms was significantly lower in the minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty group than that in the single-door laminoplasty group after treatment (P<0.05). Cervical curvature loss was significantly lower in the minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty group than that in the single-door laminoplasty group (P<0.05). In final fol ow-up, in the minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty group, two titanium screws of one patient were slightly loose, and no abnormal symptom was observed. In the single-door laminoplasty group, hinge breakage was visible in six patients. The broken vertebral plate was excised. Artificial spinal dura mater was coated on the surface of spinal cord for protection. Results suggested that the effect of two surgical methods in promoting functional recovery of spinal cord is identical. However, complications in the minimal y invasive cervical laminoplasty group are further fewer than those in the single-door laminoplasty group.

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