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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996259

ABSTRACT

Bispecific antibodies (BsAb) are special antibodies that can bind to two different antigenic epitopes at the same time, and their diverse forms provide the basis for different effects. In 2021, amivanamab was approved to treat metastatic or surgically unresectable non-small cell lung cancer patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) 20 exon insertion mutation who experience tumor progression during or after platinum doublet chemotherapy. BsAb has made great progress in the treatment of solid tumors, especially lung cancer. This article reviews the structural form, mechanism and research progress of BsAb in the field of lung cancer.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1972-1978, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980590

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection on the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme in vivo and in vitro. METHODS Human liver microsomes were incubated with Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection (volume fraction 0.05%-10%) and the specific probe substrates of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 for 30 min. The production of corresponding metabolites was detected by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), and the half inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. The relative mRNA expression (i.e. induction multiple) of CYP450 enzyme was determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR after human primary hepatocytes were incubated with Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection (volume fraction 0.05%-10%) or 3 positive inducers of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP3A4 for 48 hours. Male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (normal saline+probe substrates of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4 8, 2, 1, 1, 10, 10, 8 mg/kg) and experimental group (Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection 0.9 mL/kg+probe substrates of CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4 8, 2, 1, 1, 10,10, 8 mg/kg), with 6 rats in each group. The pharmacokinetic parameters of probe substrates were detected by UPLC-MS/MS and Cocktail probe drug method. RESULTS After the lzqpharm@126.com treatment of 0.05%-10% Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection, the activities of CYP2B6, CYP2C8 and CYP2C19 in human liver microsomes had no significant change, and IC50 could not be fitted; IC50 of CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 were 419.90%, 97.78%, 176.00%, 19.42%, respectively. After the treatment of 0.05%-10% Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection, the average induction multiple of CYP3A4 mRNA in human primary hepatocytes (No. MHK) was 4.88 (and the average induction multiples of 2 concentration points were higher than 2). After the treatment of Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ of CYP2C8, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 substrates were increased significantly, CL of CYP2C8 and CYP2C19 substrates were decreased significantly, while t1/2 of CYP2C9 substrate was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Compound troxerutin and poreine cerebroside injection has no obvious inhibitory effect on CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 in human liver microsomes in vitro, but can induce the mRNA expression of CYP3A4 in human primary hepatocytes in vitro, and can inhibit the activities of CYP2C8, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in rats in vivo.

3.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 677-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907380

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of total cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) burden in octogenarians with CSVD and to investigate its correlation with serum uric acid.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2020, patients with CSVD diagnosed by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Departments of Neurology and Departments of Geriatrics, Liaoning Jinqiu Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. The patients were scored and grouped according to the total CSVD burden assessment standard. Ordered logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent influencing factors of the total CSVD burden score, and the Spearman rank correlation method was used to conduct the correlation analysis between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden score. Results:A total of 217 octogenarians with CSVD were enrolled in the study. Their age was 87.3±4.5 years, 150 were males (69.1%), and their median serum uric acid was 313.0 μmol/L. The total CSVD burden score: 50 patients (23.1%) in 1-point group, 79 (36.4%) in 2-point group, 68 (31.3%) in 3-point group, and 20 (9.2%) in 4-point group. The imaging subtypes of CSVD were mainly asymptomatic lacunar infarcts (ALIs; 98.2%) and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs; 77.0%). The CSVD subtype combination was different between different total CSVD burden score groups. There were only two subtypes in the 1-point group, mainly ALIs (92.0%), and WMHs accounted for only 8.0%. Four subtypes could be observed in other groups, among which ALIS+ WMHs mixed subtype (100% in the 3-point group and the 4-point group) accounts for the highest proportion. The detection rates of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS) increased significantly with the increase of the total CSVD burden score. The 3-point group was 44.1% and 55.9% respectively. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in age, male, hypertension, coronary heart disease, serum uric acid level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the highest quartile of serum uric acid between total CSVD burden score groups ( P<0.05). Multinomial ordinal logistic regression analysis showed that there was significant independent correlation between age (odds ratio 1.074, 95% confidence interval 1.013-1.140; P=0.017), serum uric acid (odds ratio 1.005, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.009; P=0.032) and the total CSVD burden score. Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden score ( r=0.153, P=0.024). Conclusions:ALIs and WMHs are most common in octogenarians with CSVD. Four subtypes were observed in each group ≥2, and the proportion of EPVS and CMBs also increases with the increase of the total CSVD burden score. There is an independent correlation between serum uric acid and the total CSVD burden in the octogenarians.

4.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 574-580, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the relationship between sedentary behavior (SB) and the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, the Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Source, the Sedentary Behavior Research Database (SBRD), Wanfang Database, the China Journal full-text database, and the China Biomedical Literature Database were searched for cohort studies, case-control studies, and cross-sectional studies concerning the risk of SB and GDM from the establishment of the database to January 2021. Two researchers screened the literature, extracted data, evaluated the quality of the data according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and, finally, produced a descriptive analysis of the results.Results:A total of 11 studies were included, including eight cohort studies, two cross-sectional studies, and one case-control study. The overall quality of the studies was moderate. The prevalence of GDM was 5.04%-26.81%, and the prevalence of SB before and during pregnancy was 39.47%-40.21% and 28.86%-93.50%, respectively. In terms of the prevalence of SB before pregnancy, four moderate-quality studies reported no association with GDM risk. In terms of SB during pregnancy, four moderate-quality studies reported no association with GDM risks, and four studies (one of high quality and three of moderate quality) reported an association with GDM risks, two of which focused on the second trimester. There was considerable heterogeneity between studies on the diagnosis of GDM and SB.Conclusion:SB before pregnancy is not associated with the risk of GDM, while the relationship between SB and the risk of GDM is unclear, but the level of SB in the second trimester of pregnancy may be positively associated with the risk of GDM.

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 356-361, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To search, evaluate and summarize the evidence on prediabetes management in high-risk population with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:Two researchers independently screened the evidence according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The quality of the included evidence was evaluated by the clinical guideline research and evaluation system (AGREE Ⅱ). The quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendation were graded by the GRADE system. According to the clinical nursing practice guidelines for gestational diabetes mellitus, the recommendations for GDM high-risk groups were extracted.Results:A total of 14 pieces of evidence were included, including 4 guidelines, 2 consensus, 5 practice guidelines and 3 diagnosis and treatment standards. 29 pieces of recommendations for prediabetes management of high-risk population with gestational diabetes mellitus were summarized from five aspects, including disease risk assessment, prenatal examination guidance, management objectives of gestational weight and blood glucose, diet guidance and exercise guidance.Conclusion:The evidence of prediabetes management of high-risk population with gestational diabetes mellitus is scientific and reliable.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 739-745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931218

ABSTRACT

In this study,we developed a novel on-line solid phase extraction (SPE)-ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS)-based analytical method for simulta-neously quantifying 12 illicit drugs and metabolites (methamphetamine,amphetamine,morphine,co-deine,6-monoacetylmorphine,benzoylecgonine,3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine,3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine,cocaine,ketamine,norketamine,and methcathinone) and cotinine(COT) in wastewater samples.The analysis was performed by loading 2 mL of the sample onto an Oasis hydrophilic-lipophilic balance cartridge and using a cleanup step (5% methanol) to eliminate interference with a total run time of 13 min.The isotope-labeled internal standard method was used to quantify the target substances and correct for unavoidable losses and matrix effects during the on-line SPE process.Typical analytical characteristics used for method validation were sensitivity,linearity,precision,repeatability,recovery,and matrix effects.The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ)of each target were set at 0.20 ng/L and 0.50 ng/L,respectively.The linearity was between 0.5 ng/L and 250 ng/L,except for that of COT.The intra-and inter-day precisions were <10.45% and 25.64%,respec-tively,and the relative recovery ranged from 83.74% to 162.26%.The method was used to analyze various wastewater samples from 33 cities in China,and the results were compared with the experimental re-suits of identical samples analyzed using off-line SPE.The difference rate was between 19.91%and-20.44%,and the error range could be considered acceptable.These findings showed that on-line SPE is a suitable alternative to off-line SPE for the analysis of illicit drugs in samples.

7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 381-384, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866255

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of lung cancer are the highest in China, and the non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) is the first one, accounting for about 80% of lung cancer.NSCLC includes squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, etc.Because of the slow growth of lung cancer cells and the late diffusion and metastasis, most of the patients were in late stage and lost the best period of surgical treatment.In recent years, molecular targeted therapy for specific genes has become an important strategy for the treatment of NSCLC.Multiple target genes, such as EGFR, KRAS, BRAF and EML4-ALK have been identified.This article reviews the related driving genes and molecular targeted therapy of NSCLC, expecting to be helpful to the individualized treatment of advanced NSCLC patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1004-1008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865142

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal metastasis is one of the most frequent metastatic patterns of advanced gastric cancer, but the mechanism underlying remains unclear. The 'seed and soil’ theory is now well recognized for peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer at present. The combination of various cells, extracellular matrix, and ascites components within the abdominal cavity provide a suitable microenvironment for the plantation, infiltra-tion, growth and metastasis of gastric cancer cells. Fully under-standing of peritoneal microenvironment will help to diagnose the peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer and tumor recurrence, and provide theoretical basis for the development of drugs targeting peritoneal microenvironment. The authors review the main cell formation, ascites and immune microenvironment involved in the formation of the peritoneal microenvironment based on relevant literatures at home and abroad, and investigate the relationship between peritoneal microenvironment and peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer.

9.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e27-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834462

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to analyze factors associated with lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) and evaluate the prognostic significance of LVSI in Chinese endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) patients. @*Methods@#Five-hundred eighty-four EEC patients undergoing surgery in our center from 2006 to 2016 were selected for analysis. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to examine relevant factors of LVSI. To evaluate the prognostic role of LVSI, survival analyses were conducted. In survival analyses, both multivariate Cox regression and propensity score matching were used to control the confounders. @*Results@#The incidence of LVSI was 12.16% (71/584). Diabetes history (p=0.021), lymph node metastasis (p=0.005), deep myometrial invasion (p<0.001) and negative PR expression (p=0.007) were independently associated with LVSI. Both Kaplan-Meier method and univariate Cox regressions showed LVSI negative and positive cases had similar tumor-specific survival (TSS) and disease-free survival (DFS). After adjusting for the influence of adjuvant therapy and other clinicopathological factors with multivariate Cox regressions, LVSI still could not bring additional survival risk to the patients (p=0.280 and p=0.650 for TSS and DFS, respectively). This result was verified by Kaplan-Meier survival analyses after propensity score matching (p=0.234 and p=0.765 for TSS and DFS, respectively). @*Conclusion@#LVSI does not significantly compromise the survival outcome of Chinese EEC patients.

10.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 305-312, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822999

ABSTRACT

@#A quantitative analysis method based on solid phase extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-UPLC-MS/MS) for simultaneous determination of illicit drugs and their metabolites in wastewater was established. Samples filtered at pH of 2 and spiked with internal standard were loaded to Oasis Prime MCX cartridges for solid-phase extraction. The samples were washed with 4 mL of methanol and eluted with 4 mL of 5% ammonia in acetonitrile before reconstituting with 0.1% formic acid/water solution. ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18 column was used for chromatography, and gradient elution was performed with 0.1% formic acid/water solution and acetonitrile as mobile phase. The samples were then detected by electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive ion mode, and multiple reaction monitoring mode (MRM) was adopted for quantitative analysis. All analytes had a good linear relationship (r ≥ 0.993 2) within the range of their respective standard curve; the limit of quantification was 1 ng/L (except amphetamine at 2.5 ng/L); the extraction recovery ranged from 82.13% to 99.96%; and the intra- and inter-day precisions were less than 9.43%. The method is accurate, reliable and reproducible, and is suitable for the quantitative determination of illicit drugs and their metabolites in wastewater and can provide an analytical method for real-time monitoring of drug abuse.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 381-384, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799767

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of lung cancer are the highest in China, and the non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) is the first one, accounting for about 80% of lung cancer.NSCLC includes squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, etc.Because of the slow growth of lung cancer cells and the late diffusion and metastasis, most of the patients were in late stage and lost the best period of surgical treatment.In recent years, molecular targeted therapy for specific genes has become an important strategy for the treatment of NSCLC.Multiple target genes, such as EGFR, KRAS, BRAF and EML4-ALK have been identified.This article reviews the related driving genes and molecular targeted therapy of NSCLC, expecting to be helpful to the individualized treatment of advanced NSCLC patients.

12.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 22-26, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862029

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of CEUS in evaluating on the function of stent after TIPS in cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension. Methods: Totally 107 cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension who underwent TIPS were selected, and the function of stent were observed with CDFI and CEUS. Taken DSA results as golden standards, the diagnostic efficiency of CDFI and CEUS were evaluated and compared. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of CEUS in evaluation on function of stent after TIPS was 90.00% (9/10), 100% (16/16), 100% (9/9) and 94.12% (16/17), while of CDFI was 64.71% (11/17), 80.00% (68/85), 39.29% (11/28) and 91.89% (68/74), respectively. Taken DSA results as gold standards, AUC of CDFI and CEUS was 0.542 and 0.958 (P<0.01). Conclusion: CEUS has high sensitivity and specificity for judgment of stent function after TIPS, which can provide objective and accurate information for clinical practice.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1388-1391, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779121

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury has always been a difficult problem in liver transplantation and liver tumor resection. The involvement of multiple mechanisms makes it particularly complex, among which energy expenditure during ischemia and oxidative stress induced by reperfusion are the main mechanisms leading to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury and may cause cell death and even liver failure. Silent information regulators are a class of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylases which can lead to deacetylation of transcription factors including histones and nonhistones, and they are playing an important regulatory role in cell apoptosis, inflammatory response, energy balance, and oxidative stress. There are 7 types of silent information regulators in mammals, i.e., Sirt1-Sirt7, among which Sirt1 can reduce hepatocyte stress, regulate cell metabolic pathways, and thus alleviate the degree of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury through various signaling pathways. This article reviews the role of Sirt1-related signaling pathways in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 819-823, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801508

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between screen time and prediabetes in adolescents.@*Methods@#A cross-section study. A total of 532 adolescents aged 12~18 years in Shandong Zibo Vocational Institute were selected by stratified sampling method. The screen time was investigated by questionnaire survey. Measuring fasting fingertip blood glucose, screening for who with potentially abnormal blood glucose, and measuring their fasting venous blood glucose, which is to determine whether it is prediabetes.@*Results@#With the increase of screen time, the risk of prediabetes increased continuously. Compared with adolescents with those who spend 0~119 minute per day screen time, the risk of prediabetes of adolescents with an average daily screen time of 120~239, 240~317, ≥318 minute increased by 0.37%, 2.63%, and 3.57%, respectively. After multi-factor adjustment, the risk of prediabetes with who take 240~317, ≥318 minute per day screen time is still higher than who with the average daily screen time of 0~119 minute, the adjusted OR was 2.502 (95% CI 1.279-4.897), 2.337(95% CI=1.189-4.594).@*Conclusion@#The results of this study show that the longer the screen time, the higher the risk of prediabetes in adolescents, and adolescents should be encouraged to reduce screen time.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 819-823, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752534

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between screen time and prediabetes in adolescents. Methods A cross-section study. A total of 532 adolescents aged 12~18 years in Shandong Zibo Vocational Institute were selected by stratified sampling method. The screen time was investigated by questionnaire survey. Measuring fasting fingertip blood glucose, screening for who with potentially abnormal blood glucose, and measuring their fasting venous blood glucose, which is to determine whether it is prediabetes. Results With the increase of screen time, the risk of prediabetes increased continuously. Compared with adolescents with those who spend 0~119 minute per day screen time, the risk of prediabetes of adolescents with an average daily screen time of 120~239, 240~317,≥318 minute increased by 0.37% , 2.63% , and 3.57% , respectively. After multi-factor adjustment, the risk of prediabetes with who take 240~317,≥318 minute per day screen time is still higher than who with the average daily screen time of 0~119 minute, the adjusted OR was 2.502 (95% CI 1.279-4.897), 2.337 (95% CI=1.189-4.594). Conclusion The results of this study show that the longer the screen time, the higher the risk of prediabetes in adolescents, and adolescents should be encouraged to reduce screen time.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 405-411, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743630

ABSTRACT

Objective To use the "three-dimensional quality structure" model as a theoretical basis, based on multiple evidence-based evidence, to construct ICU nursing sensitivity quality indicators, and to provide reference for the evaluation and monitoring of ICU department nursing safety quality. Methods Evidence-based and Delphi methods were used to complete 3 rounds of inquiry among 27 experts to obtain consensus opinions of experts and to determine nursing quality indicators. Results Of the 30 articles included, 17 wereⅢA, 10 wereⅣA, 2 wereⅤA, and 1 wasⅤB. According to the"three-dimensional structure theory"model, the included indicators were sorted out and a total of 12 items were obtained. The effective recovery rate of 3 rounds of questionnaires was 96.6%, 100.0%, and 96.4%. The authoritative coefficients were 0.899, 0.895, and 0.909, and the coordination coefficients of the first, second, and third indexes were 0.340, 0.379, and 0.403, respectively,with significance (P<0.01). The final ICU nursing sensitivity quality indicator consists of 3 first-level indicators, 15 second-level indicators and 69 third-level indicators. The selection of indicators at all levels gradually converges. Conclusions The established ICU nursing sensitivity quality index accords with the principle of scientificity and practicality, and can be used for ICU department nursing quality assessment.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1040-1043, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691906

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of fiber bronchoscope brush liquid based cytology in diagnosis and classification diagnosis of lung cancer.Methods Eigh hundreds and seventeen cases of lung cancer were retrospectively analyzed.All cases con-ducted the fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytology exmination and histopathological examination.Then their results were compared.Results Three hundreds and sixty-eight casesof lung cancer were diagnosed by fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cy-tology,invluding 177 cases of squamous cell carcinoma,84 cases of adenocarcinoma and 68 cases of small cell carcinoma,and 15 ca-ses were separately diagnosed as lung cancer.The sensitivity of was 44.01%,specifity rate was 94.40%,positive predictive value was 95.92%,negative predictive value was 36.04%,and the Kappa value was 0.250,there was statistically significant difference compared with the histopathological examination(P<0.01).Conclusion Fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytology examina-tion is a high specificity method to diagnose lung cancer.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7815-7820, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:With the improvement of hemodialysis technology, the long-term survival rate of maintenance hemodialysis patients has been increased continual y. Nowadays, how to improve the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis patients has been aroused widespread concern, and gradual y become the reliable indicator for comprehensive evaluation of the effect of hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individualized intervention and col ective intervention on quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis patients. METHODS:Eighty maintenance hemodialysis patients, who had accepted more than 3 months of dialysis, were randomly divided into two groups (40 cases in the experimental group and 40 patients in the control group). Al the patients in the control group received 6 weeks of individualized intervention according to the pre-established schedule based on the hemodialysis routine care. Patients in the experimental group also have a period of six weeks of col ective intervention according to the pre-established weekly schedule based on the hemodialysis routine care. The quality of life of the patients was evaluated with MOS 36-item short form health survey and kidney disease quality of life short form before and after intervention. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After the intervention, both of the experimental group and the control group achieved significantly greater improvement than before in MOS 36-item short form health survey and kidney disease quality of life short form (P<0.01). The physical impact, overal health, emotional state, emotional impact, social function and energy of MOS 36-item short form health survey in the patients of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group after intervention (P<0.01);and the social quality, sleep, social support and patient satisfaction of kidney disease quality of life short form in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01). The results show that both individualized intervention and the col ective intervention based on the individualized intervention are effective in improving quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis patients and the col ective intervention can better improve the quality of life from physical, psychological and social aspects.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 825-827, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425410

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the expression and biological significance of microsomal prostaglan din E synthase-1 ( mPGES-1 ) and cyclooxyenase-2 (COX-2) in lung cancer.MethodsThe expressions of mPGES-1 and COX-2 mRNA in cancerous tissue and tumor-adjacent tissue were detected by RT-PCR,while the immunohistochemical S-P method was used to evaluate the expression of mPGES-1 and COX-2 proteins in the corresponding tissues.ResultsThe mRNA level of COX-2 and mPGES-1 significantly increased( P <0.05) in lung cancer group as compared with those in the tumor-adjacent tissue.The positive expression rate of mPGES-1 in cancerous tissue and tumoradjacent tissue were 66.7% (40/60) and 10.0% (6/60) respectively.The positive expression rate of COX-2 protein in cancerous tissue and tumor-adjacent tissue were 73.3% (44/60)and 13.3% (8/60),respectively.The positive expression rate of COX-2 was significantly higher in lung cancer than m tumor-adjacent tissue( x =21.99,P < 0.01 ).The positive expression rate of mPGES-1 and COX-2 protein in lung cancer was independent of size of tumor and histological type(P >0.05 ),but correlated with histological grade,lymph node metastasis and TNM staging.(P <0.05 ).ConclusionIt suggested that the expression of mPGES-1 and COX-2 in lung cancer may play an important role in the process of carcinogenesis,and may provide a clinical basis for the early diagnosis and targeted therapy of lung cancer.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1478-1481, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352406

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of echo-tracking technology in evaluating endothelial function of the femoral artery in patients with Grave's disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-four patients with Grave's disease patients and 30 normal adults as controls were recruited in this study. The intima-media thickness (IMT), arterial stiffness (β), pressure strain elastic modulus (Ep), arterial compliance (AC), pulse wave conducting velocity (PWVβ) and augmentation index (AI) parameters were examined using echo-tracking technology for evaluating the right femoral arterial elasticity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control subjects, the patients with Grave's disease showed significantly increased β, Ep, and PWVβ and significantly decreased AC (P<0.05), but the argumentation index were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). In patients with Grave's disease, β and Ep were positively correlated with FT3, FT4, TT3, TT4, and PWVβ was positively correlated with FT3 and FT4.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Echo-tracking technology can provide more accurate quantitative evidences for early diagnosis of femoral artery endothelial dysfunction in patients with Grave's disease, but the influence of procedural factors on the measurement accuracy should be considered in the evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Femoral Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Graves Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Thyrotoxicosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography
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