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1.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833760

ABSTRACT

The ticks feed large amount of blood from their hosts and transmit pathogens to the victims. The salivary gland plays an important role in the blood feeding. When the female ticks are near engorgement, the salivary gland gradually loses its functions and begins to rapidly degenerate. In this study, data-independent acquisition quantitative proteomics was used to study changes in the phosphorylation modification of proteins during salivary gland degeneration in Haemaphysalis longicornis. In this quantitative study, 400 phosphorylated proteins and 850 phosphorylation modification sites were identified. Trough RNA interference experiments, we found that among the proteins with changes in phosphorylation, apoptosis-promoting Hippo protein played a role in salivary gland degeneration.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50083

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the development characteristics of Dermacentor everestianus under laboratory conditions. The time taken for D. everestianus to complete the whole life cycle was 110.2 days on average, and the average developmental durations of larvae and nymphs were 17.1 days and 29.5 days, respectively. The summation of the prefeeding, feeding, and preoviposition periods of females was 17.8 days, and the oviposition and egg incubation lasted for 18.1 days and 27.7 days, respectively. A highly positive correlation was observed between the weight of engorged female and the number of egg mass laid (r=0.947). The reproductive efficiency index and the reproductive fitness index were 7.1 and 6.1, respectively.


Subject(s)
Dermacentor , Female , Genetic Fitness , Humans , Larva , Life Cycle Stages , Nymph , Oviposition , Ovum
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91220

ABSTRACT

In order to explore tick proteins as potential targets for further developing vaccine against ticks, the total proteins of unfed female Dermacentor silvarum were screened with anti-D. silvarum serum produced from rabbits. The results of western blot showed that 3 antigenic proteins of about 100, 68, and 52 kDa were detected by polyclonal antibodies, which means that they probably have immunogenicity. Then, unfed female tick proteins were separated by 12% SDS-PAGE, and target proteins (100, 68, and 52 kDa) were cut and analyzed by LC-MS/MS, respectively. The comparative results of peptide sequences showed that they might be vitellogenin (Vg), heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), and fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA), respectively. These data will lay the foundation for the further validation of antigenic proteins to prevent infestation and diseases transmitted by D. silvarum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens/chemistry , Arthropod Proteins/chemistry , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Female , Ixodidae/chemistry , Molecular Weight , Rabbits , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19162

ABSTRACT

Gynandromorphic ticks are extremely rare, and often attract parasitologists' attention. During our examination of tick specimens, an engorged gynandromorph of Hyalomma asiaticum was noticed. This is the first record of gynandromorphic ticks from China. In this study, several important morphological structures of normal and gynandromorphic H. asiaticum were analyzed. Comparing to the normal H. asiaticum, the gynandromorphic specimen was a typical bipartite protogynander. Its right side showed normal female characteristics, whereas the left side had normal male traits. Different from other gynandromorphic ticks containing 1 anus, this tick reported here had 2 complete anuses, and the anus of the male part had a single adanal plate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chimera/anatomy & histology , China , Female , Ixodidae/anatomy & histology , Male , Sheep , Sheep Diseases/parasitology , Tick Infestations/parasitology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14502

ABSTRACT

Subolesin (4D8), the ortholog of insect akirins, is a highly conserved protective antigen and thus has the potential for development of a broad-spectrum vaccine against ticks and mosquitoes. To date, no protective antigens have been characterized nor tested as candidate vaccines against Dermacentor silvarum bites and transmission of associated pathogens. In this study, we cloned the open reading frame (ORF) of D. silvarum 4D8 cDNA (Ds4D8), which consisted of 498 bp encoding 165 amino acid residues. The results of sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that D. silvarum 4D8 (Ds4D8) is highly conserved showing more than 81% identity of amino acid sequences with those of other hard ticks. Additionally, Ds4D8 containing restriction sites was ligated into the pET-32(a+) expression vector and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli rosetta. The recombinant Ds4D8 (rDs4D8) was induced by isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and purified using Ni affinity chromatography. The SDS-PAGE results showed that the molecular weight of rDs4D8 was 40 kDa, which was consistent with the expected molecular mass considering 22 kDa histidine-tagged thioredoxin (TRX) protein from the expression vector. Western blot results showed that rabbit anti-D. silvarum serum recognized the expressed rDs4D8, suggesting an immune response against rDs4D8. These results provided the basis for developing a candidate vaccine against D. silvarum ticks and transmission of associated pathogens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens/chemistry , Arthropod Proteins/chemistry , Chromatography, Affinity , Cloning, Molecular , Cluster Analysis , Conserved Sequence , Dermacentor/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gene Expression , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Phylogeny , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79739

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is considered a promising alternative for controlling tick infestations. Haemaphysalis longicornis midgut proteins separated by SDS-PAGE and transferred to polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) membrane were screened for protective value against bites. The western blot demonstrated the immunogenicity of 92 kDa protein (P92). The analysis of the P92 amino acid sequence by LC-MS/MS indicated that it was a H. longicornis paramyosin (Hl-Pmy). The full lenghth cDNA of Hl-Pmy was obtained by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) which consisted of 2,783 bp with a 161 bp 3' untranslated region. Sequence alignment of tick paramyosin (Pmy) showed that Hl-Pmy shared a high level of conservation among ticks. Comparison with the protective epitope sequence of other invertebrate Pmy, it was calculated that the protective epitope of Hl-Pmy was a peptide (LEEAEGSSETVVEMNKKRDTE) named LEE, which was close to the N-terminal of Hl-Pmy protein. The secondary structure analysis suggested that LEE had non-helical segments within an alpha-helical structure. These results provide the basis for developing a vaccine against biting H. longicornis ticks.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antigens/genetics , Base Sequence , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, Liquid , Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Epitopes , Gene Expression Regulation/physiology , Ixodidae/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405434

ABSTRACT

A method was developed for the determination of zeranols (α,β-zearalanol,α,β-zearalenol,zear-alanone,zearalenone) with RRLC-MS/MS in the plant tissue. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile and reextracted with aqueous alkaline solution,cleaned up with MAX column and then determined by RRLC-MS/MS using multiple reaction monitoring ( MRM) scan mode. The results showed that the working curves were linear in the range of 0 -20 μg/kg. The limits of detection ( LOD) of zeranols were 0.5 μg/kg and the limits of quantification (LOQ) was 1. 0μg/kg. Extraction recoveries for zeranols ranged from 75. 8% to 105.4% and RSD was between 2.4% and 12.1%. The method is suitable for the determination of zeranols in the plant tissue.

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