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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 106-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799576

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of steroid resistant acute graft- versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed aGVHD after haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2012 were retrospectively reviewed.@*Results@#A total of 85 patients were enrolled in the study, including 55 males and 30 females, with a median age of 30 (19-67) years. After steroid therapy, there were 53 (62.4%) , 6 (7.1%) and 26 (30.6%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) , partial remission (PR) and non-remission (NR) , respectively. The CR rates of the grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD by steroid therapy were 66.2% (51/77) vs 25.0% (2/8) (χ2=3.639, P=0.048) , respectively. The CR rates of the patients with aGVHD involving 1 target organ and 2 target organs were 77.4% (48/62) vs 21.7% (5/23) (χ2=22.157, P<0.001) . The CR rates of patients with standard risk (SR) and high risk (HR) Minnesota risk score was 67.5% (52/77) vs 12.5% (1/8) (χ2=7.153, P=0.004) . The mononuclear cells≥8.33×108/kg and the HR Minnesota risk score were independent risk factors for steroid-resistant aGVHD in multivariate analysis. Between Minnesota risk score SR (77 cases) and HR (8 cases) groups, the OS rates at 22 months after transplantation were (90.3±3.8) %vs (75.0±15.3) % (χ2=2.831, P=0.092) . After steroid treatment for aGVHD, the OS rates at 22 months in the CR group (53 cases) and non-CR group (32 cases) were (95.2±3.4) %vs (78.6±7.9) % (χ2=5.287, P=0.021) respectively.@*Conclusion@#The Minnesota risk score and mononuclear cells count are effective tool for predicting steroid-resistant aGVHD after haplo-HSCT.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 354-364, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771263

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed immunotherapy, including interferon-α (IFN- α) treatment and chemotherapy plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-primed donor leukocyte infusion (chemo-DLI), was investigated in patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who were MRD-positive after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). High-risk MDS patients who received non-T-cell-depleted allo-HSCT at the Peking University Institute of Hematology and were MRD-positive after allo-HSCT were studied (n = 47). The MRD-positive status was considered if leukemia-associated aberrant immune phenotypes or Wilms' tumor gene 1 expression is present in a single bone marrow sample. The cumulative incidence of the relapse and non-relapse mortality 2 years after immunotherapy were 14.5% and 21.4% (P = 0.377) and 9.1% and 0.0% (P = 0.985) for patients in the IFN-α and chemo-DLI groups, respectively. The probability of disease-free and overall survival 2 years after immunotherapy were 76.4% and 78.6% (P = 0.891) and 84.3% and 84.6% (P = 0.972) for patients in the IFN-α and chemo-DLI groups, respectively. Persistent MRD after immunotherapy was associated with poor survival. Thus, the MRD-directed immunotherapy was effective for patients with high-risk MDS who were MRD-positive after allo-HSCT, and the efficacy was comparable between chemo-DLI and IFN-α treatment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821786

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of hematological complete remssion (HCR) status on the outcomes of the patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) who were undergoing haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT). @*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed on 317 patients with B-ALL who received Haplo-SCT with HCR before transplantation in the Institute of Hematology, Peking University from September 2012 to June 2016. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the effects of HCR status before transplantation on the outcomes of Haplo-SCT. @*Results@#The 3-year cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality (NRM) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) were 15% and 15%, respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 71% and 74%, respectively. There was no statistical difference for 3-year NRM, CIR and LFS among the HCR patients with recovery of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and platelet (CR) group, without recovery of ANC and with or without recovery of platelet (CRi) group and those in HCR with recovery of ANC but without recovery of platelet (CRp) group (P value >0.05 for all). The probability of OS in cases of CR group was significantly higher than that of CRi group (76% vs 59%,P=0.049). Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with CIR included pre-transplantation minimal residual disease (P=0.006) and chronic GVHD (P=0.020). Platelet engraftment was associated with NRM, LFS, and OS (P<0.001 for all). Grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ GVHD was associated with NRM (P<0.001) and OS (P=0.035). Chronic GVHD was correlated with LFS (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Our results indicate that no effect of HCR status before transplant on the outcomes was observed in patients with B-ALL who underwent Haplo-SCT.

6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 238-249, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772707

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of salvage interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment was investigated in patients with unsatisfactory response to minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) (n = 24). Patients who did not become MRD-negative at 1 month after DLI were those with unsatisfactory response and were eligible to receive salvage IFN-α treatment within 3 months of DLI. Recombinant human IFN-α-2b injections were subcutaneously administered 2-3 times a week for 6 months. Nine (37.5%), 6 (25.0%), and 3 (12.5%) patients became MRD-negative at 1, 2, and > 2 months after the salvage IFN-α treatment, respectively. Two-year cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality were 35.9% and 8.3%, respectively. Two-year probabilities of event-free survival, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 51.6%, 54.3%, and 68.0%, respectively. Outcomes of patients subjected to salvage IFN-α treatment after DLI were significantly better than those with persistent MRD without IFN-α treatment. Moreover, clinical outcomes were comparable between the salvage DLI and IFN-α treatment groups. Thus, salvage IFN-α treatment may help improve the outcome of patients with unsatisfactory responses to MRD-directed DLI and could be a potential salvage treatment for these patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Beijing , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Graft Survival , Graft vs Host Disease , Mortality , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mortality , Therapeutics , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Mortality , Therapeutics , Neoplasm, Residual , Recurrence , Salvage Therapy , Survival Analysis , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 969-976, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore age-related clinical characteristics, early responses and outcomes in non-senile adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#Data of consecutive cases of 18-65 years adults with de novo AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical characteristics at diagnosis, early responses and outcomes across different age groups of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#1 097 patients were enrolled. 591 (53.9%) were male. Median age was 42 years. Increasing age was significantly associated with decreasing WBC count (P=0.003), increasing PLT count (P=0.034), lower blast proportions in bone marrow (P=0.021). The incidence of NPM1+/FLT3-ITD- increased with age (P<0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that increasing age was associated with low probabilities of achieving morphologic leukemia free state (MLFS) (P=0.053) and complete remission (CR) (P=0.004) and poor overall survival (OS) (P=0.070) in the whole patients population. However, increasing age was not associated with low MLFS rate and poor OS, except low CR rate (P=0.075) in those receiving standard induction regimen instead of low-intensity regimen.@*Conclusions@#There were significant differences on clinical characteristics, cytogenetics and molecular genetics across different age groups in non-senile adults with de novo AML. In the patients receiving standard induction regimen, age was not associated with MLFS rate and OS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 617-623, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807232

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the prognostic significance of immunophenotype complete remission (ICR) and hematological complete remission (HCR) before human-leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*Methods@#A cohort of 182 AML (non-APL) patients undergoing MSDT in HCR was retrospectively studied [including complete remission with ANC and PLT recovery (CR), CR with incomplete PLT recovery (CRp), CR with inconplete ANC and PLT recovery (CRi)]; ICR was determined as undetective minimal resudial disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometer.@*Results@#①Of the 182 patients, 97 were male, 85 female, and the median age was 41(4-62) years. ②The CR and CRi+CRp rates were 80.8% (147/182) and 19.2%(35/182), respectively; The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse[CIR, (11.0±4.3)% vs (16.0±7.1)%, χ2=0.274, P=0.600], non-relapse mortality[NRM, (14.0±4.3)% vs (9.0±6.3)%, χ2=0.913, P=0.339], leukemia-free survival[LFS, (75.0±5.1)% vs (75.0±8.3)%, χ2=0.256, P=0.613], and overall survial [OS, (77.0±5.2)% vs (80.0±8.1)%, χ2=0.140, P=0.708] were comparable between the CRp+CRi and CR groups. ③Compared with the non-ICR group (n=35), the ICR group (n=147) showed lower 4-year CIR [(11.3±3.4) % vs (55.2±8.8) %, χ2=32.687, P<0.001], better 4-year LFS [(76.2±4.7)% vs (32.8±8.7)%, χ2=26.234, P<0.001] and OS[(79.0±4.7)% vs (39.0±9.1)%, χ2=25.253, P<0.001], and comparable NRM[(12.5±4.1)% vs (12.0±7.1)%, χ2=1.002, P=0.656]. ④Mulitvariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of ICR in lower CIR [HR=11.026(95%CI 4.685-25.949), P<0.001], higher LFS [HR=5.785 (95% CI 2.974-11.254), P<0.001] and OS[HR=5.578 (95% CI 2.575-27.565), P<0.001].@*Conclusion@#The results indicated that ICR instead of HCR pre-transplantation had a significant prognostic value in AML patients undergoing MSDT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666068

ABSTRACT

Five patients with Fanconi anemia who received hematopoietic cell transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The conditioning regimens included fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and anti-thymocyte globulin. Two patients received both bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells as the source of stem cell grafts from haploidentical matched related donors, while the others received peripheral blood stem cells from unrelated donors.All patients tolerated well and reached hematopoietic reconstitution. One patient died of intracranial infection.During follow-up,4 patients survived independent of transfusion with full donor chimerism.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667378

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic factors of late-onset severe pneumonia ( LOSP) in patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods From January 2009 to December 2015, 68 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT at Peking University Institute of Hematology were enrolled.In this retrospective study , univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic factors for LOSP after allo-HSCT.Results The median time from allo-HSCT to the development of LOSP was 213 ( 90-2330 ) days.The overall survival rate was 42.6% ( 29/68 ) .The median survival time from LOSP to death was 21 days.Early mortality was defined as death within 21 days after LOSP, as late death more than or equal to 21 days.The median oxygenation index was 199.15 (92.21-290.48) mmHg.LOSPs in thirty-two patients (36.8%) were caused by virus, bacteria, fungi or mixed pathogens.The median C-reactive protein (CRP) was 75.65 (0.94-451.00) mg/L.The median procalcitonin ( PCT) was 0.66 ( 0.00 -249.00 ) μg/L.The higher PCT value indicated an early higher mortality rate by the ROC curve (PCT:cut-off≥0.94μg/L).Furthermore, multivariate analysis suggested that PCT more than or equal to 0.94 μg/L was a risk factor for early death of LOSP ( OR=5.77, 95%CI 1.66-20.11, P=0.006).LOSP occurred later or equal to 213 days after allo-HSCT was also a risk factor of early death in LOSP ( OR=4.74, 95%CI 1.33 -16.89, P=0.017 ) .No previous history of chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) (OR=4.50, 95%CI 1.58 -12.83, P=0.005) and LOSP later or equal to 213 days ( OR=4.40, 95%CI 1.61 -11.99,P=0.004) were the risk factors of late death in LOSP.Conclusions PCT more than or equal to 0.94 μg/L and LOSP later or equal to 213 days are the risk factors of early death in LOSP .No previous chronic GVHD and LOSP later or equal to 213 days are the risk factors of late death in LOSP .

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 934-939, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809584

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical value of real-time PCR for virus detection in the diagnosis and treatment of patients after allo-HSCT who had no infection evidence of pneumonia using routine pathogen detection panel.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 71 episodes with acute lung injury from May 2015 to March 2017 after allo-HSCT in hematology department of Peking University People’s Hospital (PKUPH) were retrospectively analyzed. PCR for virus detection and other routine pathogen detection tests were performed on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) samples.@*Results@#Among 71 episodes with acute lung injury, a total of 15 patients were diagnosed as lower respiratory tract disease merely associated with virus (detection rate of 21.13%) , 19 episodes were absent of lower respiratory tract infection. The median time from allo-HSCT to the occurrence of lung injury were 176 (49-1 376) d and 196 (57-457) d respectively (z=-0.191, P=0.864) . There were no statistical differences for baseline characteristics and clinical features between two groups. The 100-day attributable mortalities were 13.3% (2/15) and 26.3% (5/19) (χ2=0.864, P=0.426) . Patients with low-dose steroids treatment had favorable outcome than those with high-dose steroids treatment (the dose of methylprednisolone ≥250 mg/d as standard) [4.2% (1/24) vs 60.0% (6/10) ]. In patients with detectable virus in BALF, 2 patients died with early high-dose steroids treatment, while 11 patients survived with no steroids treatment or late application.@*Conclusions@#Virus infection should be considered in post-HSCT pneumonia patient with negative result using routine pathogen detection panel. Expanding virus detection panel by PCR in BALF could increase diagnostic precision and might be instructive to treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 656-661, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809178

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare incidence and clinical features of hemorrhage cystitis (HC) after haploidentical donor (HID) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and matched sibling donor (MSD) HSCT.@*Methods@#Medical records of 609 (including 406 HID-HSCT and 203 MSD-HSCT cases) hematologic malignancies patients treated with HSCT undergoing myeloablative conditioning regimen from January 2011 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#HC occurred 183 in HID and 17 ones in MSD respectively. The cumulative incidence of HC in HID group was higher than in MSD group[ (45.6±2.5) % vs (8.5±2.0) %, χ2=77.331, P<0.001], and the cumulative incidence of severe HC (grade 3-4) in HID cases was also higher than in MSD ones[ (11.2±1.9) % vs (2.1±1.1) %, χ2=12.883, P<0.001]. All HCs were occurred within 180 days in both groups. The median time to onset in two groups were 27 days after HSCT (range 0-177 days) and 29 days after HSCT (range 6-72 days) respectively (P=0.766) . The median duration of HC in two groups were 21 days (range 3-157 days) and 13 days (range 5-67 days) , respectively (P=0.182) . The total efficiency of treatment in two groups were 69.9% and 70.6% respectively (χ2=0.003, P=1.000) .@*Conclusion@#The cumulative incidences of HC and severe HC were higher in HID cases than in MSD ones. The median time to onset and median duration of HC and therapeutic outcome between HID and MSD were comparable.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618845

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect and safety of surgical treatment for severe, refractory hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods Patients with severe HC, who were admitted to Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 2010 to December 2015, were enrolled in this study.All patients were refractory to medical managements and received bladder surgery including mucous electrocoagulation and/or selective transcatheter arterial embolization.Results A total of 17 patients with severe HC (grade Ⅲ, n=5;grade Ⅳ, n=12) received surgical treatment, including 11 embolization and 18 mucous electrocoagulation.The median time from allo-HSCT to surgery was 107 d (46-179 d) and 75 d after HC.Eight patients only received embolization.Four patients only received mucous electrocoagulation.Five patients were given combined embolization and electrocoagulation.HC was cured in 11 patients, improved in 1 patient, which corresponded to a response rate of 70.6% and complete remission rate of 64.7%.Five patients didn′t respond to these methods.In patients with response, macroscopic hematuria disappeared 3 to 10 days after treatments whereas microscopic hematuria vanished after 25 to 32 days.Both procedures were well tolerated and no severe adverse effects were observed.Conclusion Surgery of bladder mucous electrocoagulation and/or selective arterial embolization are safe and effective for severe HC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 35-39, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286759

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of urine sediment analyzer in the screening of clinically suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) in cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The results of bacterial count of 1 053 midstream urine samples by UF-1000i urine sediment analyzer (UF-1000i urine sediment analyzer, UF-1000i) were compared with the results of bacterial culture. Moreover, the results of distinguishing bacterial species by the bacterial scattergram were compared with the results of bacteria culture. At the same time, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of UF-1000i analyzer for UTI screening were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 1 053 samples, the top three bacteria were E. coli, Enterococci and P. aeruginosa. The top three malignant tumors of UTI were bladder, lung cancer and cervical cancers. The positive rate of UF-1000i analyzer was 20% (211/1 053), and that of bacteria culture was 17.9% (188/1 053). There was statistically no significant difference in the positive rates between the two methods (χ(2)=1.636, P>0.05), and the two methods had a considerable consistency (Kappa=0.756). Compared with the clinical diagnosis, UTI screening by UF-1000i analyzer showed a sensitivity of 79.6% (160/201), specificity of 95.5% (814/852), positive predictive value of 80.8% (160/198) and negative predictive value of 95.2%(814/855). The distribution of cocci and bacilli acquired by the bacterial scattergram was basically in accordance with the results of bacterial culture.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bacterial count by UF-1000i analyzer plays an important role in early screening of UTI, and the bacterial scattergram may help to distinguish bacterial species, providing reference for the use of antibiotics in early medication.</p>


Subject(s)
Bacterial Load , Enterococcus , Escherichia coli , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lung Neoplasms , Urine , Predictive Value of Tests , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urine , Urinary Tract Infections , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Urine , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Urine
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1185-1195, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357897

ABSTRACT

In order to find the most suitable algorithm of T-wave end point detection for clinical detection, we tested three methods, which are not just dependent on the threshold value of T-wave end point detection, i. e. wavelet method, cumulative point area method and trapezium area method, in PhysioNet QT database (20 records with 3 569 beats each). We analyzed and compared their detection performance. First, we used the wavelet method to locate the QRS complex and T-wave. Then we divided the T-wave into four morphologies, and we used the three algorithms mentioned above to detect T-wave end point. Finally, we proposed an adaptive selection T-wave end point detection algorithm based on T-wave morphology and tested it with experiments. The results showed that this adaptive selection method had better detection performance than that of the single T-wave end point detection algorithm. The sensitivity, positive predictive value and the average time errors were 98.93%, 99.11% and (--2.33 ± 19.70) ms, respectively. Consequently, it can be concluded that the adaptive selection algorithm based on T-wave morphology improves the efficiency of T-wave end point detection.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electrocardiography , Humans , Wavelet Analysis
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 989-993, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296102

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics of E2A-PBX1(immunoglobulin enhancer binding factor-pre-B leukemia)fusion gene in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 10 patients received allo- HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from December 2010 to January 2015 were retrospectively collected. The E2A-PBX1 gene was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RQ- PCR). The correlation between its expression level and the disease status was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 10 cases of enrolled ALL, the E2A-PBX1 expression of six patients converted to positive after transplant at a median time of 90 days(range, 75-180 days). The expression level of the first positive sample was 25.200%(range, 0.022%-353.600%). The duration from E2A-PBX1 positive to hematological relapse was 30 days(range, 0-74 days). Finally, 4 patients underwent relapse at a median time of 164 days (range, 75- 240 days) after allo- HSCT. The expression of E2A- PBX1 and minimal residual disease (MRD)level examined by flow cytometry were positive correlated(Spearman r=0.743, P=0.002). Once E2A-PBX1 expression converted to positive after transplant, MRD would increase rapidly. Patients with this type of ALL would have little response to the current intervention towards relapse.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Monitoring E2A-PBX1 by RQ-PCR could be used to evaluate MRD status after allo-HSCT. Patients with positive E2A-PBX1 at early stage of transplant will have a poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Homeodomain Proteins , Metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Therapeutics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475151

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of “double reinforcing and one unblocking” electroacupuncture on hepatic mitochondrial structure and ATPase activity in a rat model of senile yang deficiency. Methods Forty 5-month-old male SD rats were selected and randomly allocated to groups A, B, C and D, 10 rats each. Group A was a normal control group. A model of senile yang deficiency was made by 40 days’ subdermal injection of D-galactose and then 7 days’ intramuscular injection of hydrocortisone in the other three groups of rats. Group C received treatment with “double reinforcing and one unblocking”electroacupuncture at points Guangyuan(CV4), Zusanli(ST36) and Baihui(GV20); group D, treatment with electroacupuncture at points Zhongji(CV3), Yinlingquan(SP9) and Yintang(GV29). Treatment was given 6 times a week for a total of 4 weeks. After treatment, the anti-fatigue ability was determined by swimming exhaustion time, hepatic mitochondrial structure was observed under a transmission electron microscope and hepatic Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase activities were measured by colorimetry in every group of rats. Results The mean swimming exhaustion time shortened significantly (all P<0.01); hepatic mitochondrial inner and outer membranes were blurred, mitochondrial ridges deformed, ruptured or disappeared and mitochondria swelled; both Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase activities decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) in groups B, C and D of rats compared with group A. Swimming exhaustion time lengthened significantly (P<0.01), hepatic mitochondrial structure improved significantly and both Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase activities increased significantly (P<0.01, P<0.05) in group C compared with group B. Rat mean swimming exhaustion time shortened (P<0.05), hepatic rough endoplasmic reticula degranulated and hepatic Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase activities decreased (P<0.05) in group D compared with group B. Conclusion “Double reinforcing and one unblocking”electroacupuncture can improve anti-fatigue ability, ameliorate hepatic mitochondrial ultrastructure, increase hepatic Na+-K+-ATPase and Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase activities and promote hepatic energy metabolism in a rat model of senile yang deficiency.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487181

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of scalp needling at different time points on focal cerebral microcirculation in rats with focal ischemia and reperfusion ( I-R). Methods One hundred SD rats were randomized into normal group, sham operation group, model group and scalp needling group. The model group and scalp needling group were divided I-R 12, 24, 48 and 72 h subgroups according to the time of ischemia and reperfusion, 10 rats in each subgroup. The normal group had no oper ation, sham operation only had the operation for vessel isolation, and model group and scalp needling group received middle cerebral artery occlusion with thread. Scalp needling group also had electro-acupuncture on scalp points along vertex and temple anterior linea oblique and posterior linea oblique. And then we observed the neurological severity scores (NSS) and detected the cerebral blood flow ( CBF) in the focal ischemic brain with laser Doppler blood stream meter before I-R and 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after I-R. Immunofluorescence method was used for counting the focal ischemic cerebral microvascular endothelial cells, and then the correlation of cerebral microvascular endothelial cells count with the cerebral blood flow volume was evaluated with Pearson correlation analysis. Results NSS in scalp needling group was lower than that in the model group (P0.05). Except for reperfusion for 24 hours, CBF in scalp needling group was higher than that in the model group at different time points ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Microvascular endothelial cells count in scalp needling group was higher than that in the model group after reperfusion for 24, 48 and 72 hours ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). In the model group and scalp needling group, cerebral blood flow volume was positively correlated with microvascular endothelial cells count. Conclusion Scalp needling shows obvious effect on improving the microcirculation, increasing CBF and cerebral microvascular endothelial cells count, and promoting the recovery of ischemic tissues of rats after I-R.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 673-677, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242087

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve the understanding of treatment for graft failure by analyzing the efficacy of second transplantation for graft failure after first allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-two patients encountered graft failure after first allo-HSCT from Peking University Institute of Hematology were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence of re-engratment, graft versus host disease (GVHD) and overall survival (OS) was analyzed. Also the factors associated with re-engraftment and OS were analyzed in multivariate model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-two patients encountered graft failure, including 12 primary graft failure and 10 secondary graft failure. 13(59.1%) patients acquired engraftment. And 13 patients acquired neutropil engraftment with median time of 15 (7-26) days, while 9 patients acquired platelet engraftment with median time of 12 (7-14) days. None of the factors included in mulivariate analysis showed impact on engraftment. The treatment related mortality at 100 day and 3 years after second transplantation was 40.9% and 72.7%, respectively. The main cause of death was infection (13/17). The 3-year OS was 22.7%, and the main cause of death was infection (13/17). The factors associated with OS included primary graft failure [P=0.001, HR 40.207 (4.828-334.868)] and receiving second transplantation in 60 days after first transplantation [P=0.003, HR 12.340 (2.290-66.498)].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Second transplantation may be an effective salvage choice for graft failure. However, the efficacy was far from satisfactory.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Graft Rejection , Hematologic Diseases , General Surgery , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 773-777, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection and the risk factors for acquisition of C. difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) among cancer patients who received chemotherapy or radiation therapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We analyzed 277 stool samples from cancer patients with diarrhea between Sep 2010 and Dec 2011 in our hospital. Stool C. difficile toxin A/B test, stool culture for C. difficile and routine stool examination were performed. In addition, the risk factors for CDAD were investigated in a set of 41 C. difficile toxin-positive cancer patients and 82 matched C. difficile toxin-negative controls by univariate analysis and multivariate analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of a total of 277 cancer patients with diarrhea, 41 (14.8%) were C. difficile toxin-positive. Among these 41 cases, 11 (26.8%, 11/41) were C. difficile culture-positive. Univariate analysis showed that antibiotics use (P = 0.853), proton pump inhibitor use (P = 0.718), hypoproteinemia (P = 0.139) and white blood cell count (P = 0.454) did not appear to be associated with acquisition of CDAD in cancer patients. However, receiving chemotherapy (P = 0.023), receiving radiotherapy (P = 0.003), a positive fecal occult blood test result (P = 0.005) and the presence of fecal leukocytes (P = 0.007) showed close association with acquisition of CDAD in cancer patients. Multivariate analysis showed that receiving chemotherapy (OR, 8.308; 95% CI, 1.997-34.572; P = 0.004) and a positive result of fecal occult blood test (OR, 8.475; 95% CI, 1.463-49.109; P = 0.017) were independent risk factors for acquisition of CDAD among cancer patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results support that receiving chemotherapy and a positive fecal occult blood test result are independent risk factors for acquisition of CDAD among cancer patients. Cancer patients who are at high-risk for CDAD should take stool C. difficile toxin A/B test and stool culture for C. difficile regularly and prevention of CDAD.</p>


Subject(s)
Clostridioides difficile , Diarrhea , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous , Epidemiology , Humans , Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Risk Factors
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