Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 51
Filter
1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 208-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920626

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practice of AIDS control knowledge among students in a university in Hangzhou City, so as to provide the evidence for evaluating the effectiveness of AIDS control in universities.@*Methods@#The knowledge, attitudes and practice towards AIDS control were investigated among students in a university in Hangzhou City using self-designed questionnaires in 2020, and were descriptively analyzed.@*Results@#Totally 6 300 questionnaires were allocated, and 6 164 valid ones were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 97.84%. The respondents included 2 837 male students ( 46.03% ) and 3 327 female students ( 53.97% ), and had a mean age of ( 18.20±0.76 ) years. The overall awareness of AIDS control knowledge was 73.49%. The awareness rates of “The rights of marriage, employment and school admission are protected among HIV-infected individuals by Chinese laws” ( 61.11% ) and “Homosexual contact in men is the current main transmission pattern among young students in China” ( 66.37% ) were relatively low. There were 768 university students with a history of sexual behaviors ( 12.46% ), and regular sex partners were the predominant sex partners at the first sexual contact ( 679 students, 90.78% ) and at the sexual behaviors during the past one year ( 402 students, 71.91% ). There were 515 students (67.14%) using condoms during the first sexual contact, and there were 300 ( 63.83% ) and 16 students ( 40.00% ) using condoms with regular and casual sex partners during the past one year, respectively. Among 20 men who had sex with men, only 5 students ( 25.00% ) used condoms at each sexual contact. Of students with sexual behaviors, there were 355 (46.22%) and 354 ( 46.09% ) students that considered to be infected with AIDS and other sex-transmitted diseases, and among the university students with sexual behaviors, there were 614 ( 79.95% ) students that were willing to receive HIV testing, and 409 ( 53.26% ) and 305 ( 39.71% ) students that were willing to receive HIV testing in hospitals and disease control and prevention institutions, respectively.@*Conclusions@# The awareness of AIDS control knowledge is low among students in the university in Hangzhou City, which does not reach the national goal of supervision and assessment for AIDS control in China. There are high-risk sexual behaviors and the rate of condom use is low.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a random forest classification model of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) induced by ionizing radiation and investigate the genome-wide distribution of DSB.Methods:The GRCh38 reference genome was divided into 50 kilobase fragments. Then these genomic fragments were separated into low-level or high-level regions of ionizing radiation-induced DSB according to the sequencing data of MCF-7 cells. The data of eight epigenetic features were used as input. Two thirds of the data were randomly assigned to the training set, and the rest of the data was assigned to the test set. A random forest classification model with 100 decision trees was constructed. The importance of epigenetic features in the classification model was analyzed and displayed.Results:The accuracy score of the random forest classification model on the test set was 99.4%, the precision score was 98.9% and the recall score was 99.9%. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.994. Among the eight epigenetic features, H3K36me3 and DNase markers were the most important variables. The enrichments of the two markers in DSB high-level regions were much higher than those in DSB low-level regions.Conclusions:The random forest classification model could precisely predict the genome-wide levels of DSB induced by ionizing radiation in the 50 kilobase window based on epigenetic features. Analysis revealed that these DSB might primarily distribute in the actively transcribed sites in the genome.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 300-301, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885008

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis and treatment of a case of primary renal synovial sarcoma was reported. The patient was diagnosed as malignant tumor of left kidney before operation and underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Renal synovial sarcoma was confirmed by pathological examination and gene test. After 6 courses of doxorubicin chemotherapy plus heavy ion radiotherapy for 15 days, no tumor metastasis or recurrence was found during the 14 months of follow-up. The diagnosis of this disease depends on molecular genetics. Surgery and chemotherapy are commonly used at present. Most patients have a poor prognosis.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 813-816, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of high frequency ultrasound in benign and malignant thyroid partially cystic nodules.Methods:The preoperative ultrasound features of 159 thyroid cystic and solid nodules confirmed by surgery and pathology in Shenzhen Longgang Central Hospital from June 2017 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the ultrasonic manifestations, it can be divided into four types: type Ⅰ, band separation or flocculent echo in the interior; type Ⅱ, the small papillary middle echo process was seen on the wall; type Ⅲ, with band separation or flocculent echo and papillary medium echo process; type Ⅳ, the internal was mainly solid echo, and the inner part was irregular small piece echo and fissure echo free echo. The coincidence rate of ultrasonic diagnosis and pathological results of all types was observed.Results:Among 159 cystic and solid thyroid nodules, 22 were malignant and 137 were benign. The coincidence rate of ultrasonic diagnosis and pathological results of type Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ cystic solid thyroid nodules were 97%(61/63), 80%(45/56), 90%(9/10) and 67%(20/30), respectively. Type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, type Ⅲ were mainly cystic components, with cystic components ≥ 50%; In type Ⅳ, solid component was the main component and cystic component was less than 50%.Conclusions:The internal zonal separation or flocculent echo was the characteristic ultrasonic manifestation of benign cystic solid nodules; It is easy to be misdiagnosed because of the lowest coincidence rate of ultrasound diagnosis for cystic and solid thyroid nodules with internal solid echo, irregular small piece like and fissure like anechoic. Careful observation of the characteristics can improve the accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-58, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869592

ABSTRACT

This paper reports two cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in elderly women.Both cases underwent radical nephrectomy and were confirmed by pathology.The patients were followed up for 10 months and 18 months respectively,without recurrence or metastasis.The purpose of this study was to further understand the disease by describing its clinical data and imaging manifestations.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 948-953, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between venous collateral circulation and clinical data such as symptoms, parenchymal injury, and prognosis in patients with cerebral venous thrombosis(CVT).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of patients with CVT diagnosed in the department of Neurosurgery of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University from December 2011 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 32 patients with CVT were included, 19 males and 13 females, aged from 20 to 60 (39±12) years. All patients underwent cerebral angiography, individualized delayed rotational phlebography. According to the number and diameter of collateral circulation and the phenomenon of flow delay of contrast medium, the collateral venous circulation scale (CVCS) was developed and divided into 3 levels. The clinical data (risk factors, course of disease, clinical symptoms), imaging data (parenchymal injury, thrombus site), treatment (endovascular treatment, decompressive craniectomy) and prognosis of all patients were recorded. The differences in clinical data, imaging appearances, parenchymal injury, and prognosis between patients with different CVCS were compared, and the correlation between variables with statistically significant differences and CVCS was compared using the Gamma method or Spearman correlation analysis.Results:Among the 32 patients with CVT, 9 were CVCS 0, 13 were CVCS 1 and 10 were CVCS 2. Among them, there were 19 cases of neurological deficit and 17 cases of brain parenchymal injury. There were significant differences in course of disease, neurological deficit, focal dyskinesia, language dysfunction, consciousness disorder, isolated headache, deep vein thrombosis, cortical vein thrombosis and prognosis across different CVCS ( P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that CVCS was positively correlated with course of disease and isolated headache ( r=0.724, 0.637, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with neurological deficit symptoms, focal dyskinesia, disturbance of consciousness, brain parenchymal injury and deep vein thrombosis ( r=-0.797, -0.451, -0.782, -0.697, -0.427, P<0.05). The results of 90 days follow-up showed that there were 18 cases with mRS 0, 6 cases with mRS 1, 2 cases with mRS 2-4, and 1 case with mRS 5-6 points. There was a negative correlation between CVCs grading and mRS score at 90 days ( r=-0.732, P<0.001). Conclusion:Lower cerebral venous collateral circulation grade is associated with higher incidence of brain parenchymal injury, neurological deficit symptoms, and worse clinical prognosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866323

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sedative combined with cis-atracurium in rapid induction intubation in emergency department.Methods:From October 15, 2017 to April 15, 2019, 52 critically ill patients who needed tracheal intubation in emergency department of the People's Hospital of Changzhi were selected.And the patients were numbered according to the time sequence of enrollment, and then randomly divided into group A and group B according to the random number table, with 26 cases in each group.Group A was given sedatives combined with cis-atracurium to induce rapid intubation.Group B only received sedatives to induce intubation.The success rate of intubation, successful intubation time were compared between the two groups.Before and after endotracheal intubation, the heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, pulse oxygen concentration and the change of catecholamine concentration were compared.Results:The success rate of intubation in group A was 100.0%, which in group B was 76.9%, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (χ 2=12.15, P<0.05). The time required for successful intubation in group A was (5.2±0.8)s, which in group B was (8.5±2.5)s, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=6.41, P<0.05). After intubation, the pulse oxygen concentration in group A was significantly increased compared with before intubation ( t=-7.99, P<0.05). After intubation, the heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and serum norepinephrine, dopamine levels in group A were reduced compared with before intubation, but there were no statistically significant differences (all P>0.05). The serum adrenaline level was higher compared with before intubation, but there was no statistically significant difference ( t=-1.03, P>0.05). In group B, the pulse oxygen concentration was significantly increased after intubation compared with before intubation ( t=5.74, P<0.05), but the heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and the change of blood catecholamine concentration levels in group B had no statistically significant differences ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In the airway management of critically ill patients in emergency department, the application of sedatives combined with cis-atracurium to rapidly induce intubation can improve the hypoxia symptoms of patients more rapidly and can keep patients' hemodynamics, catecholamine concentration is relatively stable, it has the characteristics of safety and efficiency.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864393

ABSTRACT

Objective:By implementing the best practice of bedtime and position after diagnostic adult lumbar puncture,we hope to establish a scientific and standardized nursing routine for lumbar puncture, shorten the bed-rest time after lumbar puncture, and improve the comfort of patients.Methods:By reviewing literatures related to positions after adult lumbar puncture and post-dural puncture headache, six best practice were concluded. By combining the best evidence and the clinical circumstances, the evidenced-based criteria were established and then applied in the Neurology Department.Results:After two rounds of reviews, the results showed that except the 93.3% compliance with the new evidence, all other four criteria had 100% complacence. Comparing before and after applying the evidence, there was no statistically significant difference for the occurrence of post-dural puncture headache or dizziness( P>0.05), there was a statistically significant reduction of back pain from 28.3%(30/106) to 15.1%(18/119)( χ2 value was 5.799, P<0.05) when the evidence was applied. Conclusions:The best practice shows that patients needn′t lie on bed for 4 to 6 hours after lumbar puncture, the occurrence of back pain is lowered and the comfort level of the patient is improved in those who rest with pillow or activities.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799787

ABSTRACT

Objective@#By implementing the best practice of bedtime and position after diagnostic adult lumbar puncture,we hope to establish a scientific and standardized nursing routine for lumbar puncture, shorten the bed-rest time after lumbar puncture, and improve the comfort of patients.@*Methods@#By reviewing literatures related to positions after adult lumbar puncture and post-dural puncture headache, six best practice were concluded. By combining the best evidence and the clinical circumstances, the evidenced-based criteria were established and then applied in the Neurology Department.@*Results@#After two rounds of reviews, the results showed that except the 93.3% compliance with the new evidence, all other four criteria had 100% complacence. Comparing before and after applying the evidence, there was no statistically significant difference for the occurrence of post-dural puncture headache or dizziness(P>0.05), there was a statistically significant reduction of back pain from 28.3%(30/106) to 15.1%(18/119)(χ2 value was 5.799, P<0.05) when the evidence was applied.@*Conclusions@#The best practice shows that patients needn′t lie on bed for 4 to 6 hours after lumbar puncture, the occurrence of back pain is lowered and the comfort level of the patient is improved in those who rest with pillow or activities.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 57-58, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798864

ABSTRACT

This paper reports two cases of mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in elderly women. Both cases underwent radical nephrectomy and were confirmed by pathology. The patients were followed up for 10 months and 18 months respectively, without recurrence or metastasis. The purpose of this study was to further understand the disease by describing its clinical data and imaging manifestations.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the laboratory tests in newly hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and their predictive values for the severity of the disease.Methods:83 patients, including 54 males and 29 females, with median interquartile range of 63(53-70)years diagnosed with covid-19 who were managed by Fujian medical team from January 27, 2020 to February 20, 2020 in Wuhan JinYinTan Hospital were studied retrospectively. According to the severity of the disease, they were divided into common, severe and critical groups. White blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte (LYM), loctate dehydrogenase (LDH), interleukin-6 (IL-6), procalcitonin (PCT), serum ferritin (SF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and D-Dimer (D-D) on admission were analyzed retrospectively. And the predictive value of each indicator for critical group was analyzed by Logistic regression.Results:On admission, in common, severe and critical groups, WBC (×10 9/L) values were 7.10±3.88, 7.73±3.77 and 9.07±5.61, respectively ( F = 1.315, P=0.274); IL-6 (μg/L) values were 11.76(9.42-15.18), 11.93(10.15-15.63) and 11.24(8.06-13.75), respectively( Z=0.591, P=0.744);D-D (mg/L) values were 0.70(0.48-1.12), 1.67(1.07-7.14) and 1.96(0.71-8.18), respectively( Z=3.363, P=0.186).There were no significant differences among three groups. On admission, in common, severe and critical groups, LYM(×10 9/L) values were 1.10±0.33, 0.80±0.35 and 0.66±0.32, respectively( F=11.415, P<0.001); SF(μg/L) values were 470.83±283.43, 835.66±819.43, and 1341.15±949.54, respectively ( F=7.98, P=0.001); ESR(mm/h) values were 30.76±15.70, 42.55±22.51 and 51.04±25.09, respectively( F=5.181, P=0.008); LDH(U/L) values were 314.71±105.46, 325.69±109.85 and 444.03±181.07, respectively( F=7.17, P=0.001); hs-CRP(μg/L)values were 16(7.20-19.90), 31.00(20.00-87.60) and 80.50(33.70-113.00), respectively( Z=12.185, P=0.002);PCT(μg/L) values were 0.025(0.02-0.05), 0.05(0.02-0.13) and 0.09(0.05-0.39), respectively( Z=9.694, P=0.008). There were significant differences among three groups. Pairwise comparison showed that the LYM value in common group was higher than those in severe and critical groups, and the hs-CRP values in severe and critical groups were higher than that in common group,while SF, ESR, LDH and PCT values in critical group were all higher than those in severe and common groups( P<0.05). Conclusions:On admission, WBC, LYM, ESR and LDH are helpful to predict the severity of COVID-19. Although the level of IL-6 is increased, it may not be meaningful to judge the severity of COVID-19.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 258-262, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic characteristics and prognostic influencing factors of the middleˉhighˉrisk patients with multiple myeloma (MM) based on Mayo Stratification of Myeloma and RiskˉAdapted Therapy (mSMART) consensus guidelines. Methods A total of 179 hospitalized MM patients in Fujian Provincial Hospital from June 2009 to October 2017 were collected. Eventually, 49 patients were included except for the patients who were unable to perform mSMART stratification. According to the mSMART stratification criteria, the patients were divided into lowˉrisk group (24 cases) and middleˉhighˉrisk group (25 cases). The genetic characteristics of the two groups were analyzed to explore the relationship between mSMART stratification and clinical features. KaplanˉMeier method and logˉrank test were used to make survival analysis; logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the prognostic influencing factors in highˉrisk patients. Results The incidence of CSK1B gene amplification was the highest in the lowˉrisk group (41.7%, 10/24), while in the middleˉhighˉrisk group, the incidence of RB1 gene deletion was the highest (88.0%, 22/25). In the lowˉrisk group and the middleˉhighˉrisk group, there were no statistical differences in bone destruction, hypercalcemia, renal damage, anemia, β2 microglobulin abnormality, albumin abnormality, lactate dehydrogenase abnormality, and plasma cell ratio abnormality (all P> 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the median survival time of the middleˉhighˉrisk group was lower than that of the lowˉrisk group (23.19 months vs. 39.71 months, P= 0.043). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that anemia and bone destruction were risk prognostic influencing factors for mSMART stratification as a middleˉhighˉrisk group (P= 0.044, P= 0.002). Conclusion mSMART stratification could indicate the poor prognosis for the patients with middleˉhighˉrisk, and the anemia and bone destruction are risk prognostic influencing factors for patients with middleˉhighˉrisk stratification.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1826-1830, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of long-effect and short-effect granulocyte stimulating factor in prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies, and to provide reference for rational drug use in the clinic. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 132 cases who used granulocyte stimulating factor to prevent and treat bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University during Jan. 2017 to Jun. 2018. Among them, 60 cases were treated with Recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection (short-effect, group A), and 72 cases were treated with Polyethylene glycol recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection (long-effect, group B). Clinical efficacies, the occurrence of bone marrow suppression and ADR were compared between 2 groups. Cost was calculated, and cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted. Sensitivity analysis was conducted by down-regulating 20% drug price. RESULTS: The total response rates of group A and B were 71.7% and 75.0%, without statistical significance (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence and duration of bone marrow suppression or the incidence of ADR (P>0.05). Average treatment costs of the two groups were (335.91±180.34) and (1 982.75±603.15) yuan; the cost of group A was significantly lower than that of group B (P<0.05). The cost-effectiveness ratio of them were 4.69 and 26.44, while group A as a reference, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of group B was 494.55. The sensitivity analysis results were in agreement with the cost-effectiveness analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of Recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection is similar to that of Polyethylene glycol recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection for the prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies. But the cost-effectiveness ratio of the former is lower than that of the latter.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 769-781, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774944

ABSTRACT

Bicyclol is a synthetic drug for hepatoprotection in clinic since 2004. Preliminary clinical observations suggest that bicyclol might be active against hepatitis C virus (HCV) with unknown mechanism. Here, we showed that bicyclol significantly inhibited HCV replication and in hepatitis C patients. Using bicyclol as a probe, we identified glycolipid transfer protein (GLTP) to be a novel restrictive factor for HCV replication. The GLTP preferentially bound host vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein-A (VAP-A) in competition with the HCV NS5A, causing an interruption of the complex formation between VAP-A and HCV NS5A. As the formation of VAP-A/NS5A complex is essential for viral RNA replication, up-regulation of GLTP by bicyclol reduced the level of VAP-A/NS5A complex and thus inhibited HCV replication. Bicyclol also exhibited an inhibition on HCV variants resistant to direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) with an efficacy identical to that on wild type HCV. In combination with bicyclol, DAAs inhibited HCV replication in a synergistic fashion. GLTP appears to be a newly discovered host restrictive factor for HCV replication, Up-regulation of GLTP causes spontaneous restriction of HCV replication.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 173-177, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507484

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the abnormal region of gray matter and distribution in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD),and explore the brain structural changes closely related to mild cognitive impairment(MCI).Methods 20 cases of PD-MCI, 1 7 cases of PD-nMCI and 20 normal controls (NC)were examined by 3D-T1 WI brain volume sequence.The data of three groups were analyzed using voxel-based morphometry(VBM)based on SPM8 to generate gray matter map.Results Compared to NC,decreased gray matter volume in PD-nMCI was observed in the right temporal lobe,including the middle temporal gyrus,inferior temporal gyrus,and right fusiform gyrus,uncus and left superior temporal gyrus.Compared to PD-nMCI,decreased gray matter volume in PD-MCI was observed in the bilateral midfrontal gyrus,inferior frontal gyrus,left precentral gyrus,right midtemporal gyrus,superior temporal gyrus,bilateral insular,and right cuneus,lingual gyrus,posterior cingutate.Conclusion Decreased gray volume in PD-nMCI is mainly located in the right temporal lobe and right uncus.With occurrence of MCI,abnormal brain regions are gradually extended.Gray matter atrophy in the bilateral midfrontal gyrus,inferior frontal gyrus,and left precentral gyrus are related to the MCI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711991

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of two dimentional colour Doppler flow image (2D-CDFI) combined with three-dimensional color power angiography (3D-CPA) in diagnosis of placenta accreta.Methods A total of 43 pregnant women at risk of placenta accreta selected from September 2010 to August 2015 were enrolled,and underwent 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA to scan entire placenta.Taking the results of clinical outcome and delivery pathology of the placenta as standard,the ultrasound characteristics of 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA were analyzed.Results Taking the results of clinical outcome and delivery pathology of the placenta as standard,24 were proved with placenta increta,3 patients with adherent placenta,2 patients with placenta percreta,14 patients with no placenta implantation.Out of 43 cases,29 cases displayed the placental thickening and rich blood vessels in placenta,and at interface of placenta and bladder wall in 2D-CDFI.For 2D-CDFI,19 cases were correctly diagnosed with placenta accrete,while 6 cases were mis-diagnosed and 4 cases missed diagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by 2D-CDFI was 65.5% (19/29).The ultrasound characteristics displayed irregular arranged myometrial arcuate artery,rich blood vessels at interface of placenta and bladder wall in 3D-CPA.For 3D-CPA,23 cases were correctly diagnosed with placenta accrete,3 cases were misdiagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by 3D-CPA was 79.3% (23/29).For 3D-CPA combined 2D-CDFI,1 case missed diagnosed,the diagnosis coincidence rate by combination 2D-CDFI with 3D-CPA was 96.6% (28/29).Conclusions Placenta accrete can all be prenatally diagnosed by characteristic ultrasonic features of 2D-CDFI and 3D-CPA.But 3D-CPA can clearly display the range of placenta accrete lesions and the depth of the blood vessels diffused,has more advantage than two-gray scale ultrasound and 2D-CDFI and has broad application in clinic.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667299

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and explore the application effect of compound ipratropium bromide combined with budesonide in acute severe asthma.Methods 100 emergency patients with severe asthma were selected as study subjects,the patients were divided into two groups by following the principles of randomized single blind,each group had 50 cases.The control group received aminophylline treatment,the observation group was treated with budesonide combined with ipratropium bromide inhalation therapy.The clinical curative effect,relieve symptoms,condition of arterial blood gas and pulmonary function were compared between the two groups.Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 96%,which of the control group was 80%,the difference was statistically significant (x2 =6.061,P < 0.05).The remission time of cough [(5.60 ± 1.35) d],expectoration [(3.54 ± 1.25) d],shortness of breath[(1.93 ± 0.87) d],wheezing [(6.09 ± 1.26) d] and other symptoms in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group [(7.39 ± 1.72) d,(5.17 ± 1.54) d,(3.26 ± 1.08) d,(8.43 ±1.95) d](t =5.789,5.811,6.781,7.127,all P < 0.05).After treatment,the arterial blood gas and lung function in the observation group were significantly improved (all P < 0.05),which were better than those in the control group after treatment (all P < 0.05).Conclusion The clinical curative effect of budesonide combined with ipratropium bromide in the treatment of patients with severe asthma is significant,it can improve the symptoms,pulmonary ventilation function and arterial blood gas.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664527

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the differences of aortic diameter measured by catheter calibration method and centimeter sizing catheter calibration method in endovascular graft exclusion for Stanford type B aortic dissection.Methods A total of 30 patients with Stanford B type aortic dissections treated with endovascular graft exclusion were measured with the two calibration methods to measure aortic diameters at left subclavicular artery position.The measurement parameters were compared with CTA measurement results.Results Statistical differences of measurement parameters were found among catheter calibration,centimeter sizing catheter calibration and CTA (F=3.15,P<0.05),and paired comparison showed statistical differences between catheter calibration method and CTA result (P<0.05),and between the results of catheter calibration method and centimeter sizing catheter calibration method (P<0.05),while no statistical difference was found between centimeter sizing catheter calibration method and CTA result (P>0.05).Taking CTA as golden standard method,Bland-Altman analysis indicated that the centimeter sizing catheter calibration method exerted better consistency with CTA.Conclusion The measurement value of centimeter sizing catheter calibration method is identical to the CTA measurement result,and superior to catheter calibration method for precise stent selection in Stanford type B aortic dissection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety, feasibility, clinical value, indication, and distribution of diagnostic diseases in different age groups of colonoscopy in pediatric patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of pediatric patients receiving colonoscopy from April 2013 to June 2016 at The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University. Pediatric patients were divided into 0-6 years group (n=57) and 7-14 years group (n=172). Indication for colonoscopy, detective events and diagnostic diseases distribution were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 229 pediatric patients (male 157 and female 72) were divided into 0-6 years group (57/229, 24.9%) and 7-14 years group(172/229, 75.1%). The main Indications for colonoscopy included abdominal pain (81/229, 35.4%), hematochezia (64/229, 27.9%), crissum abscess or fistula (40/229, 17.5%). Hematochezia was the most common complaint in 0-6 years group (40/57, 70.2%), while abdominal pain in 7-14 years group (74/172, 43.0%). Completion rate between 0-6 years group and 7-14 years group was not significantly different (87.72% vs. 85.47%, χ=0.181, P=0.671). Only one pediatric patient (1/229, 0.4%) developed transient oxygen desaturation and recovered quickly after oxygen supply and aspiration of sputum. No serious complications such as bleeding, perforation or death occurred. Including 45 pediatric patients in 0-6 years group and 102 pediatric patients in 7-14 years group, a total of 147 pediatric patients (147/229, 64.2%) were found to have colorectal lesions. Inflammatory bowel disease (57/147, 38.8%), colonic polyps (40/147, 27.2%) and other intestinal inflammation (39/147, 26.5%) were the main findings. The most frequent diagnosis in 0-6 years group was colonic polyps (28/57, 49.1%), among them, 25 pediatric patients (25/28, 89.3%) were with the complaint of hematochezia. The most frequent diagnosis in 7-14 years group was Inflammatory bowel disease (54/172, 31.4%), among them, 29 pediatric patients (29/54, 53.7%) were with the complaint of abdominal pain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pediatric colonoscopy is safe and effective. Hematochezia and abdominal pain are the most common complaints in 0-6 years group and 7-14 years group respectively. Colonic polyps and inflammatory bowel disease are the most frequent diagnosis in 0-6 years group and 7-14 years group respectively.</p>

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL