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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1209-1213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003802

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the causal relationship between acromegaly and colon cancer by using two-sample Mendelian randomization. Methods Genetic loci closely related to acromegaly in the whole genome-wide association study (GWAS) were selected as tool variables, and the genetic data of colon cancer from different GWASs were analyzed by two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR).The inverse variance weighting method (IVW) of the random effect model was used for analysis, and MR-weighted median and MR-Egger methods were used to supplement the analysis. Results were presented as OR values. Results Four SNPs closely related to acromegaly were obtained as tool variables, and the multiplicity test of tool variables showed that P=0.59.Three methods were used to estimate causal effects.The IVW analysis were OR=1.00(0.99-1.001) and P=0.42;the MR-Egger analysis results were OR=1.00(0.99-1.001) and P=0.42;and the Weighted median analysis results were OR=1.00(1.00-1.001) and P=0.03.The sensitivity test showed that the confidence interval of the tool variable SNP passed through 0, indicating the robustness of the MR results. Conclusion Acromegaly is not an independent risk factor for colon cancer.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1047-1056, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980911

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Screening using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) is a more effective approach and has the potential to detect lung cancer more accurately. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to estimate the accuracy of population-based screening studies primarily assessing baseline LDCT screening for lung cancer.@*METHODS@#MEDLINE, Excerpta Medica Database, and Web of Science were searched for articles published up to April 10, 2022. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data of true positives, false-positives, false negatives, and true negatives in the screening test were extracted. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 was used to evaluate the quality of the literature. A bivariate random effects model was used to estimate pooled sensitivity and specificity. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated by using hierarchical summary receiver-operating characteristics analysis. Heterogeneity between studies was measured using the Higgins I2 statistic, and publication bias was evaluated using a Deeks' funnel plot and linear regression test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 49 studies with 157,762 individuals were identified for the final qualitative synthesis; most of them were from Europe and America (38 studies), ten were from Asia, and one was from Oceania. The recruitment period was 1992 to 2018, and most of the subjects were 40 to 75 years old. The analysis showed that the AUC of lung cancer screening by LDCT was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.96-0.99), and the overall sensitivity and specificity were 0.97 (95% CI: 0.94-0.98) and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.91), respectively. The funnel plot and test results showed that there was no significant publication bias among the included studies.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Baseline LDCT has high sensitivity and specificity as a screening technique for lung cancer. However, long-term follow-up of the whole study population (including those with a negative baseline screening result) should be performed to enhance the accuracy of LDCT screening.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Early Detection of Cancer , Sensitivity and Specificity , Mass Screening , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 177-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992074

ABSTRACT

Art therapy plays an important role in enhancing the emotional expression of patients, treating mental and psychological diseases, and promoting the recovery of cancer patients.Due to its extensive meaning and various intervention measures, strengthening the guidance and monitoring of art therapy are important in improving the medical quality of related fields.Clinical practice guidelines are important tools to guide and standardize medical behavior, and also are important guarantees for the implementation effect of medical behavior.Therefore, this article will summarize the current situation of art therapy guidelines, and on this basis, reflect on the formulation and implementation of relevant guidelines and recommendations.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 643-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958123

ABSTRACT

Perineal tear is a common complication of vaginal delivery and will seriously affect the quality of life of these women, if is severe. Given to there was no evidence-based clinical guideline for the prevention and management of perineal tear in China, this evidence-based guideline was developed, based on the methods of WHO handbook for guideline development. Systematic reviews were conducted according to the Cochrane handbook and GRADE was used to assess the quality and certainty of the evidence. Detailed recommendations are provided for 19 clinical questions in the prevention and management of perineal laceration, aiming to guide clinical practice and improve the quality of life of this group of women.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 898-904, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the reporting quality of diagnostic radiological imaging case reports published in Chinese science citation database (CSCD) imaging journals.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. We searched CSCD to include imaging journals from 2021 to 2022, from which we retrieved diagnostic radiological imaging case reports published in 2020, and evaluated their reporting quality using case reports (CARE) reporting criteria.Results:A total of five imaging CSCD journals were searched, with 161 final diagnostic imaging case reports included. The median and interquartile range reporting rate of the included studies was 33.5% (7.5%, 93.3%), and patient perspective and informed consent were not reported in all studies. Items with reporting rates below 10% included 3a (abstract-introduction), 3c (abstract-diagnoses, therapeutic interventions, and outcomes), 8b (diagnostic challenges), and 8d (prognosis where applicable), with reporting rates of 2.5% (4/161), 0.6% (1/161), 0.6% (1/161), and 4.3% (7/161), respectively. Reporting rates for items between 10% and 50% included 3b (abstract-main symptoms and/or important clinical findings), 4 (introduction), 5c (medical, family, and psycho-social history), 7 (timeline), 10 (follow-up and outcomes), and 11a (a scientific discussion of the strengths and limitations), with reporting rates of 16.8% (27/161), 30.4% (49/161), 34.2% (55/161), 24.8% (40/161), 32.9% (53/161), and 31.7% (51/161), respectively; The reporting rates for item 1 (title), item 2 (keywords), item 5a (identified patient specific information), item 5b (primary concerns and symptoms of the patient), item 8a (diagnostic testing), and item 11c (the scientific rationale for any conclusions) were all over 90%. Moreover, the number of authors as well as the number of disciplines were not associated with the quality of diagnostic imaging case reports.Conclusions:The overall adherence to CARE items in radiographic diagnostic case reports published in the CSCD imaging journals is low. Editors of the imaging journals, radiologists and the researchers of the reporting standard should emphasize the guidelines for drafting case reports and improve the quality of reporting of case reports.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 827-851, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955200

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer (GC) is a major digestive tract malignancy in China, which seriously threatens the health of Chinese population. A large number of researches have demons-trated that screening, early detection and early treatment are effective in reducing the incidence and mortality of GC. The development of the guideline for GC screening, early detection and early treatment in line with epidemic characteristics of GC in China will greatly promote the homogeneity and standardization, and improve the effect of GC screening. This guideline was commissioned by the Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention of the National Health Commission. The National Cancer Center of China initiated and convened a working group comprising multidisciplinary experts. Following the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development, this guideline combined the most up-to-date evidence of GC screening, China′s national conditions, and practical experience in cancer screening. This guideline provided evidence-based recommendations with respect to the screening population, technology and procedure management, aiming to improve the effect of GC screening and provide scientific evidence for the GC prevention and control in China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 677-700, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955183

ABSTRACT

Esophageal cancer (EC) is a major digestive tract malignancy in China, which seriously threatens the health of Chinese population. A large number of researches have demons-trated that screening and early detection are effective in reducing the incidence and mortality of EC. The development of the guideline for EC screening and early detection in line with epidemic characteristics of EC in China will greatly promote the homogeneity and standardization, and improve the effect of EC screening. This guideline was commissioned by the Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention of the National Health Commission. The National Cancer Center of China initiated and convened a working group comprising multidisciplinary experts. Following the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development, this guideline combined the most up-to-date evidence of EC screening, China′s national conditions, and practical experience in cancer screening. This guideline provided evidence-based recommendations with respect to the screening population, technology and procedure management, aiming to improve the effect of EC screening and provide scientific evidence for the EC prevention and control in China.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 401-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research status of umbrella review by bibliometric methods.Methods:The citation search was performed via Web of Science Core Collection database to obtain studies on umbrella review from inception to December 31, 2021. VOSviewer1.6.16 was used to extract the included authors, countries, institutions and keywords, and generate the cooperative network graph of high-productivity authors, countries, institutions, and clustering graph of high-frequency keywords. CiteSpace5.7.R5W was used to detect burst terms.Results:A total of 755 articles or reviews were included. The quantity of studies had been increasing over time. The United Kingdom was the country with the most published papers (297), and the University of College London was the institution with the most published papers (77). A total of 3 863 authors participated in the umbrella review research, of which Solmi M had the largest number of papers with 28 papers published. The main authors formed three groups, with little cooperation between the groups. Research hotspots focused on chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, mental health and its health management. Besides, diabetes, heart failure and Mediterranean diet were the frontier fields.Conclusions:Umbrella review is in the development stage, and the amount of studies is increasing. The United Kingdom is in a leading position in this field. The members of each team work closely together, but there is a lack of cross-team cooperation. Chronic diseases and their management are currently research hotspots and key research contents.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 193-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884170

ABSTRACT

In China, the malignant tumor with the highest incidence and motality is lung cancer (LC). As screening and early detection and treatment are effective in reducing LC mortality, formulating a guideline in line with China′s national conditions for the screening and early detection and treatment of LC will greatly promote the homogeneity and accuracy of LC screening, and result in an improvement of the effectiveness of LC screening. Commissioned and directed by the Disease Prevention and Control Bureau of the National Health Commission of the People′s Republic of China, the guidline was initiated by the National Cancer Center of China and formulated with joint effort by experts from different disciplines. Following the principles and methods in WHO Handbook for Guideline Development, the guidline integrates the latest development in LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment worldwide while fully considering China′s national conditions and practical experience in LC screening. It provides detailed evidence-based recommendations for different aspects of LC screening, such as the targeted population, the technologies and the procedures, to regulate the practices of LC screening and early diagnosis and treatment and enhance the effectiveness of the prevention and control of LC in China.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 100-104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of early mobilization on mortality in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with mechanical ventilation after discharge by Meta-analysis.Methods:Databases including SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang data, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase were searched from inception to September 17th, 2020, to collect randomized controlled trials (RCT) about early mobilization on mortality of patients with mechanical ventilation in ICU after discharge, the references included in the literature were traced. The control group was given routine care, the experimental group was given early mobilization on the basis of the control group, including passive or active mobilization on the bed, sitting on the bed, standing by the bed, transferring to the bedside chair and assisting walking. The literature screening, data extracting, and the bias risk assessment of included studies were conducted independently by two reviewers. Stata 12.0 software was then used to perform Meta-analysis. Funnel plot was used to test publication bias.Results:A total of 10 RCT studies involving 1 323 patients were included, with 660 patients in the control group and 663 patients in the experimental group. The results of literature quality evaluation showed that 7 studies were grade A and 3 studies were grade B, indicating that the overall quality of included literatures was high. The Meta-analysis results showed that early mobilization did not increase the mortality of patients with mechanical ventilation in ICU after discharge [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.75-1.13, P = 0.449]. Subgroup analysis results showed that early mobilization had a tendency to reduce the mortality of ICU patients with mechanical ventilation at 3, 6 and 12 months after discharge, but the difference was not statistically significant (3-month mortality: OR = 1.02, 95% CI was 0.74-1.40, P = 0.927; 6-month mortality: OR = 0.95, 95% CI was 0.70-1.27, P = 0.712; 12-month mortality: OR = 0.60, 95% CI was 0.33-1.10, P = 0.101). Funnel plot showed that the distribution of included literatures was not completely symmetrical, suggesting that publication bias might exist. Conclusions:Early mobilization does not increase the mortality of ICU patients with mechanical ventilation after discharge. Although it tends to have a favorable outcome in reducing mortality, and has a trend to reduce the mortality. However, due to the small number of included literatures, small sample size and differences in the specific implementation of early mobilization among various studies, a large number of high-quality RCT studies are still needed for further verification.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 27-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between cervical curvature (CC) and spinal drift distance after laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation and the influence on the operative effect.Methods:From October 2016 to December 2017, a total of 85 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation in handan central hospital, and 78 patients were followed up completely.After the operation, according to the Harrison method, they were divided into 2 groups(Group A (43 cases, 0°≤CC≤16.5°); Group B (35 cases, CC>16.5°)). The spinal drift distance, nerve recovery, axial symptoms and C5 palsy in the groups were recorded and analyzed.Results:The CC was 8.5°±3.8° in group A and 19.6°±3.0° in group B ( t=14.071, P=0.000). The laminectomy width in group A was (22.1±1.7) mm, in group B was (21.8±1.5) mm, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The distance of spinal cord backward movement was (1.7±0.4) mm in group A and (3.2±0.7) mm in group B. There was significant difference between the two groups ( t=11.879, P<0.001). At the end of one year, the improvement rates of nerve function in the two groups were (63.3±13.1)% and (65.1±13.9)% respectively, there was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.587, P=0.559). The VAS score of group A was (5.2±1.3) at one week and (3.5±0.6) at one month after operation, and that of group B was (3.8±0.8) and (2.4±0.4) respectively.There were statistically significant differences between groups at different time points ( t=5.567, P<0.001; t=9.289, P<0.001). The incidence of C5 paralysis was 7.0% (3/43) in group A and 11.4% (4/35) in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The greater the curvature of cervical spine is, the more fully the spinal cord moves backward.The loss of curvature of cervical spine is related to the occurrence of axial symptoms.The curvature of cervical spine is not related to the recovery of nerve function and the occurrence of C5 nerve paralysis.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 350-356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cognitive impairment after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge and provide theoretical basis for prevention and intervention.Methods:Studies about cognitive impairment after ICU discharge were retrieved in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang data, CNKI and SinoMed from their foundation to December 2019. The literature screening and data extraction were performed by two researchers independently, and the quality of different types of researches was evaluated using Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0, Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) and agency for healthcare research and quality criteria (AHRQ). The Meta-analysis was performed by Stata 13.0 software. Sensitivity analysis was used to determine the reliability of the combined effect values. Funnel plot and Egger test were used to analyze publication bias. The non-parametric clipping was used to evaluate the impact of publication bias on the results.Results:A total of 35 studies were enrolled, including 27 prospective cohort studies, 4 retrospective cohort studies, 2 randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies, 1 case-control study, and 1 cross-sectional study. Three literatures were published in Chinese and 32 were in English, which covered 13 countries, and a total of 102 504 ICU survivors were followed up successfully. Literature quality evaluation results showed that the NOS scores of 31 cohort studies were between 6 and 9, of which the case-control study scored 9. The quality grade of 2 RCT studies were both B. According to the AHRQ criteria, 1 cross-sectional study's design was scientifically rigorous and of high quality. Thirty-five studies reported that the overall incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge ranged from 2.47% to 66.07%. For the multiple follow-ups studies, the first survey data was selected for Meta-analysis, and the results showed that the pooled incidence was 38.44% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 29.32-47.55]. Each study was removed for sensitivity analysis and the pooled results did not change much, which indicated that the results were reliable. The sub-group analysis was performed on different evaluation methods for cognitive impairment after ICU discharge, different types of ICU patients, and different follow-up time. The results showed that the pooled incidence of studies using neuropsychological test to evaluate cognitive impairment after ICU discharge was 31.42% (95% CI was 21.82-41.02), the pooled incidence of studies using questionnaires or scales was 38.75% (95% CI was 29.54-47.96), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The pooled incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge in general ICU patients was 43.42% (95% CI was 30.88-55.95), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients' pooled incidence was 34.40% (95% CI was 23.02-45.79), and the pooled incidence of elderly ICU patients was 12.93% (95% CI was 8.48-17.37), the difference among the three groups was statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The incidences of cognitive impairment < 1 year, 1 to 4 years, ≥ 5 years after ICU discharge were 43.30% (95% CI was 29.47-57.13), 34.21% (95% CI was 26.70-41.72), and 20.22% (95% CI was 4.89-35.55), respectively, and the differences among the three groups were statistically significant ( P < 0.01). The funnel plot showed that the distribution of all studies was asymmetric, and the Egger test result also suggested that there might be publication bias ( P < 0.05). The non-parametric clipping was used to estimate the impact of publication bias on the results, and the result showed that the difference in the incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge before and after non-parametric clipping was large, suggesting that publication bias might influence the stability of the research results. Conclusions:The incidence of cognitive impairment after ICU discharge is relatively high and persistent for a long time, but diagnostic criteria of cognitive impairment and follow-up time are quite different. It is necessary to develop consistent evaluation criteria and rigorous designed research in the further.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 357-361, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of preventing and treatment of pharmaceuticals on intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) by systematic review.Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning pharmaceutical prevention and treatment about ICU-AW in SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang data, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMbase, and other sources were searched from their foundation to May 30th, 2019. The patients in the intervention group were treated with drugs to prevent or treat ICU-AW; and those in control group were treated with other rehabilitation methods. Data searching, extracting and quality evaluation were assessed by two reviewers independently. Stata 12.0 software was then used for Meta-analysis. Only descriptive analysis was conducted when only one study was enrolled.Results:A total of 11 RCTs were enrolled with 1 865 patients in the intervention group and 1 894 in the control group. The results of quality evaluation showed that 4 studies were A-level and 7 studies were B-level, indicating that the overall quality of the enrolled literature was high. Meta-analysis showed that intensive insulin therapy could prevent ICU-AW [relative risk ( RR) = 0.761, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.662-0.876, P = 0.000], but reduced phenylalanine loss (nmol·100 mL -1·min -1: -3±3 vs. -11±3, P < 0.05) and glutamine intake (nmol·100 mL -1·min -1: -97±22 vs. -51±13, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the prevention and treatment of ICU-AW between other drugs (including growth hormone, glutamine, dexmedetomidine, neostigmine, oxandrolone, and intravenous immunoglobulin) and control group. Conclusions:Intensive insulin therapy can prevent ICU-AW, but the risk of hypoglycemia will increase. Other drugs including growth hormone, glutamine, dexmedetomidine, neostigmine, oxandrolone, and intravenous immunoglobulin have no obvious advantages in the prevention and treatment of ICU-AW, so no drug has been recommended to prevent and treat ICU-AW.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 27-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799220

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between cervical curvature (CC) and spinal drift distance after laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation and the influence on the operative effect.@*Methods@#From October 2016 to December 2017, a total of 85 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation in handan central hospital, and 78 patients were followed up completely.After the operation, according to the Harrison method, they were divided into 2 groups(Group A (43 cases, 0°≤CC≤16.5°); Group B (35 cases, CC>16.5°)). The spinal drift distance, nerve recovery, axial symptoms and C5 palsy in the groups were recorded and analyzed.@*Results@#The CC was 8.5°±3.8° in group A and 19.6°±3.0° in group B (t=14.071, P=0.000). The laminectomy width in group A was (22.1±1.7) mm, in group B was (21.8±1.5) mm, the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The distance of spinal cord backward movement was (1.7±0.4) mm in group A and (3.2±0.7) mm in group B. There was significant difference between the two groups (t=11.879, P<0.001). At the end of one year, the improvement rates of nerve function in the two groups were (63.3±13.1)% and (65.1±13.9)% respectively, there was no significant difference between the two groups (t=0.587, P=0.559). The VAS score of group A was (5.2±1.3) at one week and (3.5±0.6) at one month after operation, and that of group B was (3.8±0.8) and (2.4±0.4) respectively.There were statistically significant differences between groups at different time points (t=5.567, P<0.001; t=9.289, P<0.001). The incidence of C5 paralysis was 7.0% (3/43) in group A and 11.4% (4/35) in group B. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The greater the curvature of cervical spine is, the more fully the spinal cord moves backward.The loss of curvature of cervical spine is related to the occurrence of axial symptoms.The curvature of cervical spine is not related to the recovery of nerve function and the occurrence of C5 nerve paralysis.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 91-97, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744675

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the safety criteria for early goal-oriented rehabilition exercise in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit (ICU) by systematic review.Methods Randomized controlled trails (RCTs) and cohort studies about early goal-oriented rehabilition exercise in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU were retrieved in CBM,CNKI,Wanfang Data,PubMed,Cochrane Library and Web of Science from their foundation to March 2018,and other sources as supplement was also retrieved.The intervention program of RCT study was ICU routine nursing in control group,early activity in observation group,and early activity in cohort study without control group.Early activities included active and passive activities on the bed,sitting upright,bed-chair transfer,standing and walking.Literature screening and data extraction were performed independently by two researchers.Variables or parameters.related to cardiovascular,respiratory,nervous,orthopedic and other systems were collected for safety criteria.Variables or parameters used in at least three literatures were collected for each system.Cochrane 5.1.0 was used to evaluate the quality of RCT study,and Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) was used to evaluate the quality of cohort study.Results A total of 24 articles about early activity of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU were enrolled,involving 4647 patients,including 11 RCT studies involving 1 031 patients,509 in control group and 522 in observation group;13 cohort studies including 3616 patients.It was shown by systematic review that safety criteria for early activity in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU involved five systems,20 variables or parameters.The cardiovascular system included 8 variables or parameters,such as 40 bpm < heart rate (HR) < 130 bpm (n =4),hemodynamic stability (n =5),no myocardial infarction (n =3),no arrhythmia (n =4),no vascular active drugs (n =4),90 mmHg < systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 200 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa,n =4),65 mmHg ≤ mean arterial pressure (MAP) ≤ 110 mmHg (n =3),no history of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR,n =5).The respiratory system included 4 variables or parameters,involving 5 times/min < respiratory rate (RR) < 40 times/min (n =5),fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≤ 0.60 and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) ≤ 10 cmH2O (1 cmH2O =0.098 kPa,n =4),FiO2 < 0.60 or PEEP < 10 cmH2O (n =3),pulse blood oxygenation (SpO2) > 0.88 (n =5).The nervous system included 4 variables,including no neuromuscular disease (n =7),no increase in intracranial pressure (n =7),no coma (n =4),understand and do the right thing (n =4).The orthopedic system included 2 variables,including no fracture (n =3),no unstable fracture (n =8).Other factors included 2 variables,including no open abdomen wound (n =4),and no palliative care (n =3).Conclusions This study identified safety criteria for early goal-directed rehabilition exercise in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation in ICU included five systems of cardiovascular,respiratory,neurological,orthopedic,and other systems,in which cardiovascular and respiratory systems were the most frequently cited variables or parameters.The consistency of each system security criteria or variables reported by different literatures was high,but the parameters need to be further verified by high-quality study.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 33-41, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744614

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the latest progress in the research of ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids and provide references for the related investigator through visualized analysis of the research of ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids published in our country.Methods China Biology Medicine disc was searched by computer from the beginning until December 31,2017.Bibliographic Item Co-occurrence Mining System (BICOMS) was used to extract and summarize the data of age,author,organization,province and key words and to produce a co-occurrence matrix.NetDraw of Ucinet 6.0 was employed to draw the social network diagram of the author,organization,province and key words.And cluster analysis of the key words was performed by gCLUTO 2.0.Results A total of 1 165 studies involviug 30 provinces and cities,854 research units,3 789 authors and 1 016 significative key words were included.The cooperation of author,organization and province needed to be further strengthened.The study focused on 3 aspects:the effects of unsaturated fatty acids on apoptosis/lipid in mice/rats with related genes of diabetes/cardiovascular disease/coronary artery disease;meta-analysis of immunonutrition to improve tumor/inflammation/sepsis;effect of fish oil fat emulsion on interleukin/C reactive protein in pneumonia/lung injury.Conclusions The research of ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids develops rapidly in China,but it is mainly concentrated in a few centers of cooperation agencies.There is little cooperation among different provinces,cities,areas,and organizations and the research topics needs to be further expanded.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 323-327, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754306

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of different fixation methods on cervical curvature and axial symptoms in posterior cervical single?door surgery??Methods From September 2014 to February 2016, 112 patients with multi?segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent surgical treatment in Handan Central Hospital of Hebei Province??According to the lamina fixation methods,they were divided into groups A,B and C??There were 35 cases in group A,using suture suspension method to fix lamina; 34 cases in group B,using anchor suspension to fix lamina;and 43 cases in group C,using mini?titanium plate to fix lamina The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,laminae open angle,spinal drift distance,postoperative neurological recovery,cervical curvature index ( CCI ) and occurrence of axonal symptoms were compared in each group??Results All patients underwent surgery successfully??There were no significant differences in operation time,intraoperative blood loss,laminae open angle and spinal drift distance between the 3 groups (all P>0??05)??The JOA score of group A was (7??9± 2??2) preoperatively,(9??3± 2??8) at 3 months after surgery,and (13??9±3??4) at the final follow?up??In Group B was (7??7±2??0) preoperatively,(9??1±2??7) at 3 months after surgery,and (13??6±3??7) at the final follow?up??In Group C was (7??8±2??1),( 9??0±2??6) and (13??8 ± 3??5 ), respectively, there were significant differences before and after operation ( Fintra?grouP=7??271, Pintra?grouP < 0??001; Finter?grouP = 11??372, Pinter?grouP < 0??001; Finteraction = 9??831, Pinteraction<0??001)??The CCI of group A was ( 22??7± 5??6)% preoperatively,(20??5± 4??4)% at 3 months after surgery,and (16??6± 3??0)% at the final follow?up??The CCI of group B was ( 21??4 ± 5??2)%,( 19??7 ±4??1)% and (17??8±2??9)% respectively??The CCI of group C was ( 21??1 ± 5??0)%,( 20??8 ± 4??6)% and (19??8 ± 4??0)% respectively??There were significant differences between group A and group B in the last follow?up and the three months before and after operation??( all P<0??05),there was no significant difference between groups C at different time points ( P>0??05)??According to the visual analogue scoring system,the distribution of axial symptoms in group C was significantly better than that in group A and group B ( Z=6??678;P=0??035)??Conclusion Posterior single?door mini?titanium plate fixation can not only improve nerve function,but also prevent cervical curvature loss and reduce the occurrence of axonal symptoms??

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1029-1035, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733950

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the distribution pattern and subject domain knowledge of the literatures about ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Methods Literatures about VAP published until December 2017 were identified in SinoMed database for statistics and analysis. The information of author, organization and province was extracted by BICOMS software for generating co-occurrence matrix, at the same time, the topic words were cluster analyzed by Gcluto software to generate topical visual surface maps and visualization matrices, and the current research hotspots were analyzed. NetDraw from Ucinet 6.0 software was used to arrange the relationship among topic words according to the centrality, and the social network diagrams of authors, authors' provinces and institutions were draw to analyze the current status of VAP research cooperation. Results 4 851 VAP-related literatures were retrieved preliminarily, and 43 were excluded from abstracts, news reports, information and missing literatures. Finally, a total of 4 808 articles were enrolled in the visual analysis. From 2001 to 2004, the number of VAP-related literatures published was less than 10. Since 2009, the number of VAP documents had increased steadily, from 2010 to 2017, the peak period of publications reached 91.7% (4 411/4 808). According to the analysis of the amount of publications, the top three of 34 provincial administrative regions that published VAP-related literature in China were Guangdong Province (n = 628), Jiangsu Province (n = 478) and Zhejiang Province (n = 404), the number of hospitals issued by the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University was the largest (n = 20); there was only one journal with more than 100 articles, and there were 154 journals with only one article, accounting for 34.8% of the total number of journals. A total of 9 921 authors participated in the VAP-related literature writing, the number of high-yielding authors was not large, and the institution could not establish an effective social network diagram, suggesting that communication and cooperation should be strengthened in hospitals and outside hospitals. The results of the topic words social network analysis showed that the VAP research field was centered around the core of "mechanical ventilation", "intensive care unit (ICU)", "risk factor analysis", "nursing", "etiological analysis", "preventive measures" and "pathogens". The current research hotspots were at the edge of the network map, such as "drug sensitivity analysis", "Acinetobacter baumannii", "bronohoalveolar lavage (BAL)" and "acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD)". By clustering 80 high-frequency topic words, at present, VAP research hotspots were mainly focus on five topics: obstructive pulmonary disease, especially in acute exacerbation, was prone to VAP; concerned about newborns and children's VAP; types, drug resistance and selection of antimicrobial agents for VAP pathogens in ICU; clinical efficacy and prognosis of VAP through preventive measures, pulmonary supportive care and comprehensive care interventions; oral care and airway management during mechanical ventilation was also the key aspect of the treatment of VAP. Conclusions In recent years, the academics had attached great importance to the study of VAP, the number of publications had reached a historical peak, and the research direction was diverse. However, it was necessary to strengthen cooperation among research institutes, collect and count epidemiological data, improve and expand the research quality and scale of clinical diagnosis, nurse, prevention, pathogen distribution and drug resistance analysis.

19.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 106-111, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of mindfulness based stress reduction on irritable bowel syndrome.Methods:PubMed,EMBASE,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,Wanfang Data was searched and randomized clinical trials of MBSR treatment in irritable bowel disease were involved.At last two reviewers extracted the data independently.According to Cochrane Handbook5.1.0 handbook,a quality assessment was made.All the data would be analyzed with meta-analysis by the software of Stata.Results:Totally 5 randomized controlled trials were eligible,including 461 participants.Meta-analysis showed that MBSR would be better therapy method to improve the symptom severity of irritable bowel syndrome in 3 months,[SMD =-0.60,95% CI:-0.86 ~-0.34,P <0.01],and the pain index at the 3 months and 6 months was relieved compared to the baseline [SMD =-1.11,95% CI:-1.45 ~-0.76,P < 0.01,SMD =-0.14,95% CI:-0.43 ~ 0.14,P < 0.05].Conclusion:Mindfulness based stress reduction therapy could be a adjunctive therapy method in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.

20.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 791-796, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511950

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and comfort of postoperative patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after interventional therapy in the early stage and late stage, so as to determine the time to get out of bed after operation. Methods We searched PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library (2016 second), Web of Science, CBM, Wanfang Data and CNKI database, collect test/ambulation time of hepatocellular carcinoma after interventional therapy were searched from inception to September 10, 2016. Meta analysis was performed by 2 reviewers independently by screening literature, extracting data and evaluating the risk of bias in the study. RevMan 5.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results A total of 9 studies were included in the study, and 1164 patients were included. The Meta analysis results showed that:compared with 24 hours in bed after operation, 12 hours early ambulation method to reduce postoperative pain, postoperative [odds radio (OR)=0.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.03-0.15, P <0.05] and dysuria (OR =0.18, 95% CI 0.10-0.33, P < 0.05), abdominal distension (OR =0.14, 95% CI 0.07-0.29, P<0.05), insomnia (OR=0.15, 95% CI 0.05-0.43, P<0.05). But in the local punctura, such as congestion (OR=0.99, 95%CI 0.45-2.18, P=0.98), hematoma (OR=0.90, 95% CI 0.38-2.13, P=0.80), the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusions The available evidence indicates that the early postoperative 12 hours after interventional therapy can effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. To be included in the quantity and quality of the research, the conclusion still need to carry out more high-quality research to be verified.

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