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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 85-89, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869602

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce and discuss the efficacy of a new technique to perform transperitoneal single-docking robot-assisted laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (RNU).Methods A total of 44 patients diagnosed with urothelial neoplasm of the renal pelvis or were investigated from January 2016 to November 2019.RNU was performed by a single surgeon.Among the 44 patients,31 were male,and 13 were female.The median age was 63 (IQR:58-71).The median body mass index (BMI) was 23.08 (IQR:21.55-24.60) kg/m2.All operations were performed with general anesthesia.The patients were positioned 80 degrees flank with the diseased side up,and the head was tilted 10 degrees downwards.The camera port was placed one finger lateral to the umbilicus.For the right-sided tumors,robotic arm 1 was inserted through the trocar on the right pararectus line,8 cm above the umbilicus,and robotic arm 2 was inserted through the trocar on the same line,8 cm below the umbilicus.Assistant trocar 1 was placed where the anterior midline joins the perpendicular bisector of the camera port and robotic 2,and assistant trocar 2 was placed below the xiphoid process.For the left-sided tumors,all trocars were centrosymmetric to that of the right-sided tumors,except that assistant port 2 was placed 3 finger width above the pubic symphysis.The peritoneum was incised along the Toldt line,and the inferior vena cava was isolated (for left sided tumor,the abdominal aorta was isolated instead).The renal artery and vein were clipped with Hem-o-lok and ligated,and the kidney were isolated.The ureter was identified and isolated downwards across the common iliac artery and then clipped distal to the tumor site.The bladder cuff was resected and sutured under the laparoscopy.Results The median operation time was 145 (IQR:130-175) min,with the median console time of 119 (IQR:108.5-136.0) min,the anastomosis of bladder cuff of 12 min,and the median estimated blood loss of 50 (20-100)ml.After the surgery,6 Clavien-Dindo grade 2 complications occurred,including 2 chylous leakage,1 hemostasis,1 blood transfusion,1 deep vein thrombus,and 1 acute coronary syndrome.The median length of stay (LOS) was 8 (IQR:6.5-10.0) d.The median length of follow-up was 12 months.In total,5 patients were dead,including 3 cancer-specific death.Four recurrence occurred and caused 3 death.The 2-year overall survival and progression-free survival were 68.2% and 77.9%,respectively.Conclusions The technique of RNU with simultaneous bladder cuff excision (BCE).Our technique improved the surgical outcome.The perioperative complication rate was low,and the short-term survival outcomes were satisfactory.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 495-499, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709551

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare split-cuff nipple and direct ureteroileal anastomosis during ureteroileal anastomosis.Methods Between December,2014 and March,2017,a prospective randomized study was conducted on 70 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion.In every patient,both ureters were randomized to be implanted using an antireflux,split-cuff nipple technique (group A) or a reflux,direct technique (group B).After pelvic lymph node dissection and radical cystectomy,a Mshape orthotopic ileal neobladder was constructed and two ureters were implanted with single-J tubes placed for 10-12 days.For split-cuff nipple technique,a 0.5 cm longitudinal incision in the ureter was made,and the ureteral wall was turned back on itself,construction a nipple.The cuff was stabilized at the corners with sutures.The ureter was then placed into the bowel with 0.5 cm nipple.The ureter was sutured to the full thickness of the bowel wall with interrupted 4-0 PDS.For direct technique,a 0.5 cm incision in the ureter was made,the full thickness of the ureter was sewn to the mucosa of the bowel.Results 70 patients were enrolled in the study,63 males and 7 females,(62.5 ± 10.4) years old.Over a median follow-up of 13.2 months,one patients had bilateral anastomosis stricture 3 months after operation,1 patient in group A had stricture 6 months after operation,2 patients in group B had stricture 6 and 12 months after operation,respectively.Six patients (8.6%) in group A found reflux compared with 21 patients (30.0%) in group B (P =0.004).The reflux pressure was (23.5 ± 9.0) cmH2O and (15.5 ± 4.9) cmH2O in group A and group B (P =0.042),respectively.The GFR of group A was (38.1 ± 7.6) ml/min compared with (38.6 ± 12.9) ml/min in group B at 12 months after operation.One patient in group A and four patients in group B had acute nephropyelitis.Four patients in group A had renal stones formation compared with 1 patients in group B.The time of anastomosis was (8.8 ± 3.5) minutes and (6.7 ± 1.5) minutes (P =0.037) for group A and group B,respectively.The patients in both groups had no urine leakage.Conclusion Compared with direct technique,split-cuff nipple technique had lower reflux rate,higher antireflux pressure and longer anastomosis time than direct technique.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The degradable poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) biliary-enteric composite stent has been developed. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the solubility and biocompatibility of the degradable PLLA biliary-enteric composite stent. METHODS:Solubility:the PLLA composite stent was implanted into artificial gastric acid to detect the dissolution rate within 12 weeks. Pyrogen test:the PLLA composite stent extracts were injected into the rabbits via ear vein to detect the changes of body temperature. Hemolysis test:the PLLA composite stent extracts, normal saline and distil ed water were added into the rabbit anticoagulant, respectively, to detect the hemolysis ratio. Cytocompatibility test:Caco-2 cel s were respectively cultured in the DMEM medium containing 10%fetal bovine serum, rubber material extracts and the PLLA composite stent extracts, and the cel proliferation was detected at 12, 24, 36 and 48 hours;the lactic dehydrogenase release was detected at 2 days. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The PLLA composite stent showed a long stability in vivo, and approximately 80%was dissolved at about 20 weeks. No reactions of pyrogen and henolysis were observed in the pyrogen and hemolysis tests. The PLLA composite stent made no effects on the Caco-2 cel proliferation and lactic dehydrogenase release. In conclusion, the PLLA composite material holds a good solubility and cytocompatibility.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-936, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can facilitate the growth, migration, and invasion of the LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly defined. Here, we investigated whether PSMA serves as a novel regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling by employing PSMA knockdown model and PI3K pharmacological inhibitor (LY294002) in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSMA knockdown had been stably established by transfecting with lentivirus-mediated siRNA in our previous study. Then, LNCaP cells were divided into interference, non-interference, and blank groups. We first testified the efficacy of PSMA knockdown in our LNCaP cell line. Then, we compared the expression of PSMA and total/activated Akt by Western blotting in the above three groups with or without LY294002 treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the changes of activated Akt (p-Akt, Ser473) in groups. Besides, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 assay, Transwell analysis, and Flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PSMA knockdown, the level of p-Akt (Ser473) but not of total-Akt (Akt1/2) was significantly decreased when compared with the non-interference and blank groups. However, LY294002 administration significantly reduced the expression of p-Akt (Ser473) in all the three groups. The results of immunocytochemistry further confirmed that PSMA knockdown or LY294002 treatment was associated with p-Akt (Ser473) down-regulation. Decrease of cell proliferation, migration, and survival were also observed upon PSMA knockdown and LY294002 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, our results reveal that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibition may serve as a novel molecular mechanism in LNCaP prostate cancer cells of PSMA knockdown and suggest that Akt (Ser473) may play a critical role as a downstream signaling target effector of PSMA in this cellular model.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445251

ABSTRACT

Objective: To discuss the significance of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery in the treatment of local advanced esophageal cancer. Methods:A total of 272 cases of local advanced esophageal cancer were studied in retrospect. Out of the 272 cases, 112 were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (CT-S), whereas the remaining 160 cases underwent surgical treatment (S) only. Complications and survival state after surgery were compared. Results: The rate of complications after surgery was as follows: CT-S: 34.8% (39/112); S: 29.4% (47/160), P=0.50. The five-year survival rate was 35.7% and 29.4%, respectively, P<0.05. The CT-S patients were divided into partial remission (PR) and stable disease (SD)/progressive disease (PD) groups according to the effect of the chemotherapy. The five-year survival rate was 38.5% and 30.1%, respectively, P<0.01. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is available for local advanced esophageal cancer. Postoperative complications are not increased by chemotherapy, and the survival rate for local advanced esophageal cancer is improved by neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PR has better prognosis compared with SD/PD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418971

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the safety and efficacy of retrograde ureteroscopy lithotomy (URSL)assisted antegrade percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for complex upper ureteral calculi in semisupine-lithotomy position.MethodsFrom March 2007 to December 2010,a total of 95 patients with complex upper ureteral calculi underwent retrograde URSL assisted antegrade PCNL in semisupine-lithotomy position.Ureteral calculi size was 12 mm × 6 mm to 38 mm × 15 mm,24 cases combined with renal calculus.Firstly retrograde URSL was performed,once the stone fragments moved up to renal pelvis,a 16-22 F PCNL working channel was established under the ultrasound guidance through which lithotripsy was performed using an ureteroscope.Finally a 6-7 F double-J tube was indwelled.ResultsOperations were successfullycompleted in 93 patients.However,in it 2 patients were converted to open surgery because of significantureteral distortion due to previous open surgery.Operative time was(42.7 ± 14.9) min; estimated blood loss was(34.5 ± 26.1 ) ml.The ureteral calculi clearance rate was 100.0%,and renal calculus clearance rate inthose combined with renal calculus was 95.8% (23/24).There were no major intraoperative and postoperative complications excepted early urinary leakage in 2 cases and fever ≥39℃ in 3 cases.ConclusionsRetrograde URSL assisted antegrade PCNL in semisupine-lithotomy position is safe and feasible for complex upperureteral calculi,especially non-opaque calculi,combined with renal calculus,easily ascending ureteral calculi and large calculi burden which has low calculi clearance rate after URSL.The outcomes are encouraging with fewer complications.It also avoids intraoperative change of patient's position.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 94-98, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413729

ABSTRACT

Objective To present our initial experience in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy performed through an umbilical incision using a home-made multichannel port. Methods From August 2009 to March 2010, we performed single-port laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in 11 patients with localized prostate cancer. A home-made multichannel port was inserted extraperitoneally through a 3-cm umbilical incision. The single port extraperitoneal procedures included obturator fossa lymphadenectomy, radical prostatectomy and urethro-vesical anastomosis, while the urethro-vesical anastomosis was performed by a slip-knot running suture technique. Data were collected and analyzed prospectively. Results All cases were completed successfully, without conversion to a standard laparoscopic approach or open surgery except adding an additional port in one case. The average operative time was 256 minutes (range195-315), and the mean blood loss was 90 ml (range 20- 180), without any blood transfusion. The postoperative hospital stay was 15.4 days (range13- 24), and the Foley catheter was removed 12 days after surgery. No intraoperative complications occurred. One patient developed a vesico-rethralanastomosis leakage, 2 had lymphatic leakage and 1 had urinary tract infection,all of the cases were managed successfully with conservative treatment. Histopathological results showed negative surgical margine and negative lymph node dissection. All patients had no biochemical relapse after an average follow-up of 7 months. Conclusions Single-port laparoscopic radical prosta tectomy is feasible, cosmetic and minimally invasive with a low complication rate and good short-term outcome. Additional investigation is needed to evaluate the long-term safety and oncologic adequacy of this new approach.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 45-48, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391566

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy,toxicitis and side-effects of Casodex and Flutamide in the hormonal therapy of advanced prostate cancer patients.Methods One hundred and thirty-six advanced prostate cancer patients were treated with with hormonal therapy.The patients were divided into 3 groups,of which 52 patients (group A) used LHRHa and Casodex as intermittent hormonal therapy;60 patients(group B) used LHRHa and Flutamide as intermittent hormonal therapy;24 patients(group C) were treated with surgical castration only.The difference of clinical symptoms,serum PSA,disease progression risk,survival rate,toxicitis and side-effects of 3 groups were compared.Results The relief rates of group A and B were 80.8% (42/52)and 81.7% (49/60) respectively,higher than 70.8% (17/24) of group C.The mean serum PSA of group A and B decreased from 133.3 ng/ml(17.9-982.8 ng/ml) to 15.8 ng/ml(0.02-28.9 ng/ml),142.6 ng/ml (20.2-1001.0 ng/ml)to 16.1 ng/ml(0.07-53.8 ng/ml),respectively,both better than that of group C,which decreased from 142.3 ng/ml (27.1-988.0 ng/ml) to 27.6 ng/ml(6.0-62.1 ng/ml).The mean chemical recurrence rates of group A and B were 34.7% (18/52) and 36.7% (22/60),respectively,lower than 58.3% (14/24) of group C.The mean chemical recurrence time of group A and B was 22(5-52)months and 22(6-65)months,respectively,longer than 11(5-54)months of group C.The mortality rates of group A and B were 26.9% (14/52) and 31.7% (19/60),respectively,lower than 66.7%(16/24) of group C.88.5% (46/52)of group A were treated continuously,while group B had 66.7% (40/60).The side-effects rate of group A was lower than group B.Conclusions Both Cadosex and Flutamide are effective for prostate cancer,and decrease the disease progression risk.Casodex is more effective and safer as for the treatment of prostate cancer compared to Flutamide.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 386-390, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389276

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain shRNA sequences that can stably block the expression of Nuclear Factor kappa- B (p65) in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP and construct the lentivirus vector.And validate the gene function of p65 in the cell line. Methods According to p65 genetic information, we design siRNA1, siRNA2, siRNA3 those three siRNA sequences targeting the ods area of p65 gene and then form the corresponding four pairs of complementary single strand DNA of shRNA, including the sense strand and the antisense strand. The synthetic shRNA sequence was inserted into the empty pSIH1-H1-copGFP shRNA Vector, and after transfecting the prostate cancer cells , the inhibitory effect of p65 mRNA by different sequences was detected through real-time PCR, and the inhibitory effect of p65 protein expression was detected by Western-blotting. Thus we can obtain highly effective shRNA sequences in the inhibition of p65 in prostate cancer cells. MTT, flow cytometry, transwell were chosen to test the cell growth, migration and invasive power in vitro to compare the difference of the experimental group, control group and negative group. Results The third shRNA sequence had the best inhibitory effect and the inhibitory effect of p65 mRNA in prostate cancer cell line was 59 % and the protein was 81%. It's position locates in p65 (NM_021975 ) 1096-1113 and it's stemloop sequence is 5'-GATCCGCCCTATCCCTTTACGTCATTCAAGAGATGACGTAAAGGGATAGGGCTTTTTG-3'. After transfecting, the prostate cancer cell line had the low expression of p65 stably. Through MTT, we got the growth curve, which showed that the growth ability of experimental group was significantly decreased compared with the control group and the Logarithmic growth didn't appear in the first 96 hours. Flow cytometry test displayed that the percentage of G0-G1-phase cells in experimental group was 61.49%, and the control group was 44.89%, idle group was 41.52%, which was increasing oberviously. The S-phase cells in the experimental group was 28.58%, compared with the 47.36% and 46. 10% diminished. The results of transwell showed that the experimental group had 16. 5000±6. 62076 cells and the other two groups had 45. 6333 13. 54159 and 36. 8333±5. 68412 cells, which showed the invasive power of experimental group was significantly declined(P<0.05).Conclusions It's successful to obtain shRNA sequences that can stably block the expression of p65 in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP and construct the lentivirus vector. p65 can positively regulates the biological behavior of prostate cancer LNCaP cell line in the cell growth, migration and invasive power.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 561-564, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387618

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the efficiency of a new laparoscopic urethrovesical anastomosis training model by comparing it with the chicken skin model. Methods Chicken posterior trunks and porcine colons were used to construct the training model. The posterior trunk of a chicken was used to simulate a human pelvis, and a 3-mm cloacal stump was used to simulate a human urethral stump. A 15-cm segment of porcine colon with a 1-cm orifice was used to simulate a human bladder or neobladder. An imitation urethrovesical anastomosis was performed with laparoscopic instruments in a laparoscopic training box. Forty trainees with no laparoscopic experience were randomized into 2 groups.The trainees in group A (n=20) practiced using this new model for 8 h, while those in group B (n=20) practiced using the chicken skin model for 8 h. The trainees' skills were assessed using the porcine model before and after training. Results Compared with the chicken skin model, this new training model more accurately resembled the structure and characteristic of human pelvis, urethral stump, and bladder (neobladder). After the training sessions, both groups improved in anastomosis time [GroupA: (64±11)min vs. (123±20)min, P<0.05; Group B: (77±12)min vs. (121±17)min, P<0.05] and quality (Group A: 8.8± 1.0 vs. 3.8 ± 1.2, P<0. 05 ; Group B: 7.7 ± 0.9 vs.3. 7± 1.1, P<0. 05). Compared with trainees in group B, trainees in group A required less time and achieved a higher quality score (P<0.05). Conclusions This new training model can help urologic surgeons to reduce learning curve of this technique and improve their suturing skills. It is an effective,convenient training model for laparoscopic urethrovesical anastomosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Smooth muscle cells and transitional epithelial cells were traditionally used to construct tissue-engineered bladder and to perform double-sided implantation of scaffold.However,double-sided implantation is difficult to perform,because smooth muscle cells are difficult to isolate or culture in vitro and passage is limited.OBJECTIVE:To verify the feasibility of tissue-engineered bladder reconstruction with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)and bladder acellular matrix(BAM).DESIGN:A basic empirical study.SETTING:Linbaixin Medical Research Center,Second Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University.MATERIALS:Experiments were performed at the Linbaixin Medical Research Center,Second Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University from March 2006 to Mav 2007.The laboratory was the Opening Laboratory of Hospital Affiliated to Health Department of China.One-month old SD rats of either sex,weighting 80-100 g were provided by Animal Experimental Center of Sun Yat-sen University.Fresh porcine bladders were offered by Animal Experimental Center of Southern Medical University.METHODS:Whole bone marrow culture and successive adherence method was used to culture rat BMSCs in vitro.Flow cytometry was employed to detect surface antigen.Eradicator washing method was applied to prepare porcine BAM and measure its purity and characteristies.Third passage of BMSCs were inoculated in BAM and cultured in a medium containing vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF165)(25 ng/L)in vive and in vitro to test compatibility.Cells cultured alone were considered to be controls for the in vivo trial,and materials non-implanted with cells were considered to be controls for in vitro trial.Suitable microenvironment was simulated to induce the differentiation of BMSCs.Four weeks and eight weeks later,compound materials were respectively removed to perform tissue section test.Simultaneously,immunohistochemistry keratin staining was conducted to examine regeneration of epithelial cells.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:Biocompatibility of BMSCs and BAM.RESULTS:①BMSCs were cultured by whole bone marrow method.Flow cytometry demonstrated that third passage of cells were positive for CD29(99.43%).②BAM had good biological characteristics.Homogen matrix and byssoid collagen appeared under a microscope.Compatibility trials showed good compatibility of BMSCs and BAM and well-growth cells.③Four weeks later,histological section test confirmed inflammatory cell infiltration,closely-arranged collagen and elastic fiber.Immunohistochemistry keratin staining showed lamellar and discontinuous simple epithelium.Eight weeks later,no inflammatory cell infiltration was found,and closely-arranged collagen and elastic fiber were detected.Immunohistochemistry keratin staining showed lamellar and continuous multiple epitheliums.CONCLUSIoN:With good compatibility,BMSCs and BAM appear to be an ideal material for bladder tissue engineering.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 300-302, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400833

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility and safety of performing nephrectomy together with the removal of complicated inferior vena cava tumor thrombus under profound hypothermia and arrested circulation. Methods After made the median thoraco-abdominal incision, the exploration of the abdominal organs was done. The right kidney, inferior vena cava and renal pedicle were well exposed then. After the whole body heparinization, cannulas were put into ascending aorta, superior vena cava, aortic root and right superior pulmonary vein. The body temperature was reduced to 20℃ with cardiopulmonary bypass unit and the extracorporeal circulation was stopped then. Cut open the inferior vena cava at vena renalis dextra ingress and the F16 urinary catheter was inserted into atrum dextra through inferior vena cava and inflated. The tumor thrombus was pulled out and the right kidney was removed. The inferior vena cava incision was sutured to close and the extracorporeal circulation was resumed and patient was re-warmed.Results The operation time was 330 min and the extracorporeal circulation time was 90 min, while the profound hypothermia with circulatory arrest time was 20 min. The estimated blood loss during operation was 400 ml and 6 unit red cells and 600 ml blood plasm were transfused. The patient was awaked 2.5 h after the operation, food intake resumed 4 days after operation and the patient was discharged on day 10 post-operatively. After 6 months'follow-up, there were no local recurrence and metastasis occurred. Conclusion The technique of profound hypothermia and circulation arrest could improve the safety and efficacy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma with suprahepatic (level Ⅲ) caval tumor thrombus.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399982

ABSTRACT

Flow fluorescence microbeads array is a novel high throughput technique based on the combina tion of use of flow cytometry and use of fluorescence encoded microbeads as the solid phase for conventional im munoassay,affinity assay and DNA hybridization assay,.which offers a new approach to multiplexed assays for ap plications of large-scale screening.By utilizing appropriate fluorescence encoded micron-sized polymer particles, flow fluorescence microbeads array can be created to enable highly muhiplexed analysis of complex samples.Indi vidual sets of microbeads can be modified with reactive components such as antigens,antibodies or oligonu eleotides,then mixed with each other to form a multiplexed assay set.Flow fluorescence microbeads array com bines the specificity of fluorescence-encoded microbeads and the high sensitivity of flow cytometry,bears signifi cant potential as a general analysis platform for both research and clinical applications.Recent applications and advances are reviewed in this article.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397889

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the clinical presentation,treatment and diagnosis of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma.Methods The records of 4 patients who diagnosed seminal vesicle carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed,including the symptoms signs and examination results as well as operation program,postoperative therapy.Considered to the literature reports.Bilateral seminal vesicles,bladder, prostate and rectum were totally removed in one case.Seminal vosiculectomy and partial cystoprostotectomy were performed in 2 cases,and the another one,bilateral lower ureterectomy and ileum substitute bladder was be done.Results Followed up for 3 months to 5 years,and no recurrence had been observed so far, one died of colon cancer after 2 years.Conclusions Early symptoms of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma are unobvious,so that early diagnosis of seminal vesicle carcinoma is difficult and the misdiagnosis is so usually.Thus,accurate recognition is important for early diagnosis.Radical surgery appears to offer the best chance and different approaches can be selected according to tumor stage and invasive condition of the circumambient organ.Comprehensive treatment like hormonal therapy,along with the 5-fluorouracil,paclitaxel,and oxaliplatin chemotherapy regimen appears to be effective against adenocarcinoma.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 778-781, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397859

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the therapeutic effects of 3 operative options with selective high level ligation of spermatic veins, transinguinal canal and renovated Potomo's laparoscopic manage-ment of varicocele. Methods From January 1990 to November 2006, 1075 primary varicocele above grade Ⅱ patients accepted the operations, of them, 685 patients had follow up data and were recruited into this study. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to the operative methods:group A (n=369) was treated with open selective high level ligation of spermatic veins, group B (n=218) was treated with open transinguinal canal operation, and group C (n=98) was treated by renovated Polo-mo's laparoscopic management of varicocele. The complications of the 3 operative methods were com-pared, such as recurrence rate, testicular atrophy rate, scrotal edema rate and semen analysis. The therapeutic effects of these 3 methods were evaluated. Results The recurrence rates of the 3 groups were 3.3%, 7.3% and 5.1%, respectively. Group A had significantly lower recurrence rate than group B, P<0.05. The testicular atrophy rates of 3 groups were 0.5%, 17.9% and 9.2%, respec-tively. There were significant differences among the 3 groups (P<0.05). The scrotal edema rates of the 3 groups were 1.4%, 17.4% and 16.3%, respectively. Group B and C had higher risk of scrotal edema than group A, P<0.05. For patients with ages younger than 30, the improved semen quality rate in group A was higher than in group B and C. The improved semen quality rate in each group of patients younger than 30 was higher than patients with age over 30. Conclusion The open selective high level ligation of spermatic veins is the best choice in the treatment for patients with primary sper-matic varicocele.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397756

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effect to the semen quality of the three operation methods of superiority of highly selective varicocele high ligation,transinguinal canal and laparoseopic of renovated polomo management of varicocele.Methods 561 patients in our hospital who charged by infertility had the operation were analyzed retrospectively and were recruited with primary varicocele above grade II for this study.These patients were divided into three group according to three kinds of operation methods of varicocele :group A was treated with highly selective varicocele high ligation and had 300 patients;group B was treated with transinguinal canal operation and had 181 patients; and group C was treated by laparescopic of renovated polomo operation with 80 patients.Through the comparing of the fertility ability of the three operation methods,to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the three methods.Results The increasing rates of the quality of semen in group B was higher than other groups if patients' ages were lower than 30.The increasing rates of the quality of semen in every group was also higher if patients' ages were lower than 30.No difference was found between three groups in natural conception rate (P>0.05).Conclusion The methods of highly selective varieecele high ligation would be a better choice in the management of patients with primary varicecele because of higher quality of semen.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-542012

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the efficacy of retrovirus-mediated HSV-TK gene transfer and GCV in a BALB/c mice model with urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma. Methods A replication defective retroviral vector containing HSV-TK gene was used. In vivo experimental animals were divided into 3 groups.In group A,7 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 transitional cell carcinoma (TCC);the virus was directly injected into the tumor and the animals received intraperitoneal GCV.In group B, 6 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of transferred HSV-TK gene TCC and the animals received intraperitoneal GCV.In group C,6 tumors were induced in BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection of MBT-2 TCC and the animals received intraperitoneal normal saline.Tumor-volume measurement was performed in these 3 groups 10 d and 20 d after treatment, and the volume changes were compared among the 3 groups. Results In vivo experiment indicated that the mean tumor volume of group A [MBT-2 group, (55.37?4.52) mm3] and group B [MBT-2/HSV-TK group,(49.77?4.15)mm3] was reduced significantly compared with that of group C [control group,(146.27?10.46)mm3](P0.05).At 20 d after treatment, the mean tumor volume of group A [(186.75?8.14)mm3] and group B [(72.50?6.70)mm3] was also reduced compared with that of group C [(441.76?41.80)mm3] (P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591738

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and technique of minimally invasive management for acute ureteral obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi.Methods A total of 51 patients with acute upper urinary tract obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi were enrolled in this study.When infection,sepsis,and electrolyte disorders were corrected,emergent drainage by retrograde ureteral catheterization using cystoscopy or B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy were carried out.Ureteroscopic lithotripsy or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL)were performed after the infection was controlled.Results Cystoscopic retrograde ureteral catheterization was completed in 8 cases,and the other 43 patients were treated successfully by B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy.During the operations,purulent urine spurted out from the drainage tube.Ten patients had transient hematuria and lumbar pain postoperation.None of the patients developed pneumothorax,urinary extravasation,perirenal hematoma,or abdominal organ injuries,etc.In 3 cases,recauterization was done because the catheter dropped out.In all the patients,the body temperature and blood white blood cell counts returned to a normal range 3 to 7 days after the drainage.Among the cases,8 were treated with ESWL,35 received ureteroscopic lithotripsy,and 8 underwent ESWL after the ureteral stone being pushed upwards to the renal pelvis.No severe complications,such as ureteral perforation or tears,massive hemorrhage,or high fever occurred after lithotripsy.The stones were completely removed in all the cases in 3 weeks postoperation(in 1 week for 34 cases).The patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months,during which the renal function recovered to a normal level.Conclusions Retrograde ureteral catheterization using cystoscopy or B-ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrostomy combined with ureteroscopic lithotripsy or ESWL is efficient for patients with acute ureteral obstruction and severe infection caused by calculi.By using the method,ureteral infection can be controlled quickly without causing severe complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521960

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the operative procedure and effect of anastomostic pseudoaneurysm(APA). Methods Eleven patients with APA were treated surgically. The diagnosis of APA in all the patients was comfirmed by angiography and ultras onic examination. A small rupture leading to APA was repaired by lateral arteri orrhaphy using autologous vein patch in 4 cases; the APA caused by a big rupture of anastomosis,resection of the pseudoaneurysm and interposition o f a PTFE or antologous vein were used in 7 cases.Results10cas es were followed -up for 5-38 months (mean19.6 months),and 1case loss of follow-up.9 cases recovered to be normal in activities and works, only 1 ca se had nerve paralysis of the affect extremity caused by popliteal artery APA compression . All the cases have good blood perfusion of the extremities wit hout recurrence. Conclusions APA should be treated by surgery. During operation control blood vessels effectively and remove the pathological changetissues completely are important,and reasonable application of antibi otics and antithrombotic agents are the guarantee of getting successful results .

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