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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 865-875, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909950

ABSTRACT

Traumatic rib fractures are the most common injury in thoracic trauma. Previously,the patients with traumatic rib fractures were mostly treated non-surgically,of which 50%,especially those combined with flail chest presented chronic pain or chest wall deformities and over 30% had long-term disabilities,being unable to retain a full-time job. In the past two decades,thanks to the development of internal fixation material technology,the surgical treatment of rib fractures has achieved good outcomes. However,there are still some problems in clinical treatment,including inconsistency in surgical treatment and quality control in medical services. The current consensuses on the management of regional traumatic rib fractures published at home and abroad mainly focus on the guidance of the overall treatment decisions and plans,and relevant clinical guidelines abroad lacks progress in surgical treatment of rib fractures in recent years. Therefore,the Chinese Society of Traumatology affiliated to Chinese Medical Association and Chinese College of Trauma Surgeons affiliated to Chinese Medical Doctor Association,in conjunction with national multidisciplinary experts,formulate the Chinese Consensus for Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Rib Fractures(2021)following the principle of evidence-based medicine,scientific nature and practicality. This expert consensus puts forward some clear,applicable,and graded recommendations from aspects of preoperative imaging evaluation,surgical indications,timing of surgery,surgical methods,rib fracture sites for surgical fixation,internal fixation methods and material selections,treatment of combined injuries in rib fractures,in order to provide references for surgical treatment of traumatic rib fractures.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1390-1394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801025

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the early diagnosis, therapeutic methods and efficacy for blunt cardiac injury (BCI).@*Methods@#All BCI patients from September 2003 to August 2018 were studied retrospectively in respect of sex, age, cause of injury, diagnostic methods, therapeutic procedures, and outcome. The patients were divided into two groups: nonoperative group (n=305) and operative group (n=43). The two groups were compared and analyzed.@*Results@#Totally 348 BCI patients accounted for 18.3% of 1 903 patients with blunt thoracic injury (BTI), and the mortality rate was 10.1%. The main cause of injury was traffic accident with an incidence of 48.3%. The diagnostic methods included electrocardiogram (ECG), enzymes and troponin I, echocardiography, and CT scanning, or confirmed by emergency thoracatomy. In the nonoperative group, patients were mainly myocardial contusion, with a mortality rate of 6.9%. In the operative group, patients were mainly cardiac rupture and pericardial hernia, and the mortality was 32.6%. The incidence of negative ECG between the two groups was not significantly different (16.7% vs 11.6%, P>0.05). The incidence of shock and mortality in the operative group were significantly higher than those in the the nonoperative group (P<0.01). The number of death directly resulted from BCI in the operative group was greater than that in the nonoperative group (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#For BTI patients, BCI must be highly suspected, and necessary examinations should be given. To manage myocardial contusion without surgery, it is necessary to protect the heart, alleviate edema of myocardium, and control arrhythmia with drugs. To deal with those patients requiring operation, early recognition and expeditious thoracotomy are essential.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 541-545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756397

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore early diagnosis, surgical intervention and efficacy for blunt cardiac injury. Methods 43 patients with blunt cardiac injury treated operatively were studied retrospectively in respect of sex, age, cause of injury, pre-operative diagnosis, operative time from injury, surgical procedures, and therapeutic efficacy. The study lasted for 15 years be-tween September 2003 and August 2018. The main cause of injury is road traffic accident with a rate of 48. 8%(21/43);and steering wheel injury accounted for 71. 4%(15/21). Preoperative diagnosis was based on computer scaning, echocardiography in 26 cases. In remaining 17, initial judgement of cardiac wound was done because of obvious cardiac tamponade, or massive hemothorax with shock;and was proved during emergent thoracotomy. Surgical intervention was started within one hour in cases of 27. 9%(12/43). Main procedures included pericardial decompression, clear off hemopericardium, and cardiorrhaphy in 36 cases;relief of pericardial herniation with strangulation of the heart in 3 cases, and repair of diaphragmatic hernia involving pericardium in 4 cases. Of all 43 cases, 7 cases underwent Emergent Department Thoracotomy( EDT) with a resuscitative rate of 42. 9%(3/7). Results Overall mortality rate was 32. 6%(14/43);4 cases died at EDT, 5 cases intraoperatively, and 5 cases postoperatively. The cause of deaths was directly related to BCI in 9 cases( associated with transected aorta in 1 case);and associated injuries in 5 cases including liver trauma ( 3 cases ) , brain trauma ( 1 case ) , and cervical spinal trauma ( 1 case) . In 4 of 29 survivors, intracardiac injury was proved by echocardiography postoperatively, including mitral valve in 2 ca-ses, tricuspid in 1 case, and ventricular septum in 1 case. Of these 4 cases 2 received valvuloplasty 2 weeks and 3 months after initial operation respectively;and other 2 restored spontaneously which were ensured by echocardiography. Postoperative com-plications included atelectasis in 3 and infectious endocarditis in 1 respectively. They were cured . All survivors were followed up from 6 to 36 months, with a normal cardiac function and healthy condition. Conclusion Early diagnosis and emergent tho-racotomy in time are essential to improve survival rate. Preoperative massive transfusion and pericardiocentesis are not advoca-ted. If it is necessary, EDT should be exercised decidedly.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 602-605, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755177

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the early diagnosis,surgical treatment options,prevention and management of complications in patients with duodenal trauma.Methods All patients with duodenal trauma treated operatively from January 2009 to December 2018 were studied retrospectively.Factors including sex,age,cause of injury,AAST grading,diagnostic method,operative procedure,therapeutic effectiveness,complications,and factors related to death were analyzed.The "double-tube gastrostomy" technique consisting of duodenal decompression and jejunal feeding as recommend by the authors were used in severe cases.Results Blunt trauma occurred in 66 of 86 patients (76.7%).The diagnosis of duodenal trauma was made preoperatively based on abdominal signs,peritoneocentesis,and imaging in 32 patients (37.2%).The remaining 54 patients (62.8%),with duodenal injury was detected during emergency laparotomy.All the 86 patients underwent surgical intervention which included simple suturing,pedicled jejunal flap,segmental resection and anastomosis,Roux-en-Y duodenojejunostomy,diverticularization,and Whipple's procedure using the principle of Damage Control Surgery (DCS).Postoperative morbidity occurred in 15 patients (17.4%).There was a high incidence of duodenal (or pancreatic,biliary) fistulae.The overall mortality rate was 12.8% (in 11 patients).The causes of deaths were mainly massive bleeding and poly-trauma.Conclusions To decrease morbidity and mortality rates,early diagnosis and surgical intervention were critical.The choice of surgical treatment procedures should be based on the duodenal trauma grading and whether there were associated injuries.For patients with a combined pancreaticoduodenal trauma,DCS is a wise procedure to adopt.The double-tube gastrostomy technique as recommended by the authors is beneficial to severe cases in decreasing the incidences of postoperative duodenal and jejunal obstruction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1390-1394, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823615

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the early diagnosis,therapeutic methods and efficacy for blunt cardiac injury (BCI).Methods All BCI patients from September 2003 t9 August 2018 were studied retrospectively in respect of sex,age,cause of injury,diagnostic methods,therapeutic procedures,and outcome.The patients were divided into two groups:nonoperative group (n=305) and operative group (n=43).The two groups were compared and analyzed.Results Totally 348 BCI patients accounted for 18.3% of 1 903 patients with blunt thoracic injury (BTI),and the mortality rate was 10.1%.The main cause of injury was traffic accident with an incidence of 48.3%.The diagnostic methods included electrocardiogram (ECG),enzymes and troponin I,echocardiography,and CT scanning,or confirmed by emergency thoracatomy.In the nonoperative group,patients were mainly myocardial contusion,with a mortality rate of 6.9%.In the operative group,patients were mainly cardiac rupture and pericardial hernia,and the mortality was 32.6%.The incidence of negative ECG between the two groups was not significantly different (16.7% vs 11.6%,P>0.05).The incidence of shock and mortality in the operative group were significantly higher than those in the the nonoperative group (P<0.01).The number of death directly resulted from BCI in the operative group was greater than that in the nonoperative group (P<0.05).Conclusions For BTI patients,BCI must be highly suspected,and necessary examinations should be given.To manage myocardial contusion without surgery,it is necessary to protect the heart,alleviate edema of myocardium,and control arrhythmia with drugs.To deal with those patients requiring operation,early recognition and expeditious thoracotomy are essential.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 541-545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797973

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore early diagnosis, surgical intervention and efficacy for blunt cardiac injury.@*Methods@#43 patients with blunt cardiac injury treated operatively were studied retrospectively in respect of sex, age, cause of injury, preoperative diagnosis, operative time from injury, surgical procedures, and therapeutic efficacy. The study lasted for 15 years between September 2003 and August 2018. The main cause of injury is road traffic accident with a rate of 48.8%(21/43); and steering wheel injury accounted for 71.4%(15/21). Preoperative diagnosis was based on computer scaning, echocardiography in 26 cases. In remaining 17, initial judgement of cardiac wound was done because of obvious cardiac tamponade, or massive hemothorax with shock; and was proved during emergent thoracotomy. Surgical intervention was started within one hour in cases of 27.9%(12/43). Main procedures included pericardial decompression, clear off hemopericardium, and cardiorrhaphy in 36 cases; relief of pericardial herniation with strangulation of the heart in 3 cases, and repair of diaphragmatic hernia involving pericardium in 4 cases. Of all 43 cases, 7 cases underwent Emergent Department Thoracotomy(EDT) with a resuscitative rate of 42.9%(3/7).@*Results@#Overall mortality rate was 32.6%(14/43); 4 cases died at EDT, 5 cases intraoperatively, and 5 cases postoperatively. The cause of deaths was directly related to BCI in 9 cases(associated with transected aorta in 1 case); and associated injuries in 5 cases including liver trauma(3 cases), brain trauma(1 case), and cervical spinal trauma(1 case). In 4 of 29 survivors, intracardiac injury was proved by echocardiography postoperatively, including mitral valve in 2 cases, tricuspid in 1 case, and ventricular septum in 1 case. Of these 4 cases 2 received valvuloplasty 2 weeks and 3 months after initial operation respectively; and other 2 restored spontaneously which were ensured by echocardiography. Postoperative complications included atelectasis in 3 and infectious endocarditis in 1 respectively. They were cured . All survivors were followed up from 6 to 36 months, with a normal cardiac function and healthy condition.@*Conclusion@#Early diagnosis and emergent thoracotomy in time are essential to improve survival rate. Preoperative massive transfusion and pericardiocentesis are not advocated. If it is necessary, EDT should be exercised decidedly.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 266-270, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490486

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of double-tube gastrostomy in the duodenal rupture repair.Methods The retrospective cohort study was adopted.The clinical data of 41 patients who underwent duodenal rupture repair at the Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from January 2005 to January 2015 were collected.Twenty-five patients using Hassan triple-tube gastrostomy technique between January 2005 and December 2009 were divided into the triple-tube (TT) group and 16 patients using double-tube gastrostomy technique between January 2010 and January 2015 were divided into the double-tube (DT) group.Duodenal rupture repair included suture repair,pedicled ileal flap to repair duodenal defect and end to end anastomosis.Patients underwent the regular treatments of anti-infection,antishock,somatostatin inhibition,nutritional support and complications prevention.Patients were injected with 500 mL/d nutrient solution using enteral nutritional tube from 48 hours after operation,and then dosage was gradually increased to total enteral nutrition and digestive juices collected from drainage fluid were transfused to enteral nutritional tube.The postoperative complications (duodenal fistula,intraperitoneal infection,incision infection,pulmonary infection and intestinal obstruction),operation method,operation time,volume of blood loss,euteral nutritional tube removal time and duration of hospital stay were observed.Measurement data with normal distribution were presented as x ± s and comparison between groups was analyzed using an independent sample t test.Comparison of count data was analyzed using chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Results All the 41 patients underwent duodenal rupture repair,including 28 using suture repair of duodenal rupture,8 using pedicled ileal flap to repair duodenal defect and 5 using end to end anastomosis,with the intraoperative duodenal decompression and placement of intestinal feeding tube.The operation time was (184 ± 38)minutes in the TT group and (153 ± 37)minutes in the DT group,with a significant difference between the 2 groups (t =2.566,P <0.05).The volume of intraoperative blood loss was (1 112 ± 707)mL in the TT group and (1 011 ± 595)mL in the DT group,with no significant difference between the 2 groups (t =0.476,P > 0.05).The proportions of duodenal fistula,intraperitoneal infection,incision infection and pulmonary infection in the TT and DT groups were 3/25 and 1/16,8/25 and 5/16,9/25 and 4/16,10/25 and 6/16,respectively,showing no significant difference between the 2 groups (x2=0.003,0.545,0.026,P > 0.05).Eleven patients were complicated with postoperative early intestinal obstruction,including 10 (3 with partial duodenal stenosis and 7 with incomplete small intestinal obstruction) in the TT group and 1 (partial duodenal stenosis) in the DT group,showing a significant difference in the incidence of postoperative early intestinal obstruction between the 2 groups (P < 0.05).Patients with early intestinal obstruction had remission after conservative treatment of gastrointestinal decompression and fasting.The time of intestinal feeding tube indwelling and duration of hospital stay were (25 ±9)days and (29 ± 9)days in the TT group,(19 ± 9)days and (23 ± 8) days in the DT group,with significant differences between the 2 groups (t =2.188,2.120,P < 0.05).Conclusion Double-tube gastrostomy technique for duodenal rupture repair can simplify the operation procedures and reduce operation time,recovery time and risk of postoperative intestinal obstruction,with a reliable efficacy.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1507-1509, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464892

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the application indications of emergency thoracotomy (ET) and the surgical strategy in the treatment of chest trauma .Methods The clinical data of 35 chest trauma patients treated by ET from January 2010 to March 2014 were analyzed retrospectively .Results In 35 cases ,the injury severity score (ISS) was 12-65 ,average 31 .63 .23 cases were pene‐trating injuries and 12 cases were blunt injuries .28 cases (80 .00% ) manifest as shock on admission .Blood loss in all cases was 1 000-5 000 mL ,average 2 400 mL and 20 cases were over 3 000 mL .ET was performed in the emergency room (6 cases) and the operative room (29 cases) .The time of admission to surgery in all cases was<30 min .12 cases (34 .29% ) died ,with average ISS score of 48 .26 .The main causes of death were cardiac tamponade and hemorrhagic shock .23 cases (65 .71% ) survived .The surviv‐al rates of penetrating and blunt injury were 78 .26% (18/23) and 41 .67% (5/12) respectively .The occurrence rate of complications in the survivals was 39 .13% (9/23) .Conclusion Massive bleeding ,ventilation dysfunction and cardiac tamponade caused by severe chest trauma are the important indications of ET ;the patient with chest penetrating injury on high‐risk positions should be actively performed the exploratory thoracotomy ;race against time rapid thoracotomy is the key for successful treatment .

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 769-771,774, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600689

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the experience of management of abdominal injuries.Methods The data of 521 cases with abdominal injury from June 2005 to May 2012 was analyzed retrospectively.Results In 521 cases,the grade of ISS within 8-65, average 23.6.453 suffered from blunt injuries and 68 from stab penetrating injuries.Hemorrhagic shock appeared in 231 patients (44.3%).The abdominal viscera injuries occurred in 777 cases.The operability of abdominal injuries was 83.5%,associated with polytrauma in 331.The mortality rate was 6.53%(34/521),in death group,the grade of ISS on average 43.6.13 cases died of hem-orrhagic shock,and 7 died of severe craniocerebral injury,4 died of cardiac injuries,3 died of ARDS due to flail chest and Severe pul-monary infection,one died of ACS and nine died of SIRS and MODS.The incidence rate of complication related to abdominal injury was 12.3% (60/487),most of them was infection and bleeding.Conclusion All that abdominal integrity be destroyed should be ex-plored;use of damage control surgery (DCS)and do not importune to decide to surgery on the basis of organ damage grading in e-mergency;perform laparotomy could improve the treatment success rate of abdominal large vessels injury in the emergency room;pay attention to thelethal triadprecursor,and terminate the operation quickly when it happens.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 947-950, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470204

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the experience in the diagnosis and treatment of duodenal trauma.Methods The clinical data of 58 patients with duodenal trauma who were admitted to the Chongqing Emergency Medical Center from March 1994 to March 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 47 patients with blunt injury and 11 with penetrating injury.The surgical procedure was selected by patient's condition and extent of injury combined with the clinical symptoms,imaging examination,abdominal puncture and the Organ Injury Scale grading system of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST-OIS).All patients were followed up through outpatient examination and telephone interview till September 2013.Results Seventeen patients were diagnosed as with duodenal trauma before operation,and 41 patients were diagnosed during the operation.The injury of the first part of the duodenum was observed in 7 patients,second part in 28 patients,third part in 17 patients and fourth part in 6 patients.According to the AAST-OIS,7 patients were with grade Ⅰ injury,17 in grade Ⅱ,20 in grade m,9 in grade Ⅳ and 5 in grade Ⅴ.The 58 patients received operation,including 23 with simple suture,4 with serosa section,hematoma evacuation and repair,7 with pedicled ileal flap to repair duodenal defect,5 with resection of ruptured intestine and end-to-end anastomosis,12 with Roux-en-Y duodenojejunostomy,2 with gastrojejunostomy,4 with pancreaticoduodenectomy,1 with doudenal,choledochal and pancreatic duct extensive drainage.Forty-eight patients were cured successfully and 10 patients died,including 4 died of complications of the duodenal trauma.The duodenal stenosis,duodenal fistula and abdominal abscess were the main complications.Six patients were lost to follow-up and 42 patients were followed up from 6 to 36 months.There were 3 patients with gastrointestinal tract defect and obstructive symtoms,with a missing of complications at postoperative month 6 to 12.One patient with pancreaticoduodenal fistula were cured by conservative treatment at postoperative month 3 and the other patients were well survived.Conclusions Abdominal puncture and imaging examination such as CT are effective methods for the diagnosis of the duodenal injury.Surgical procedure selection should be based on the type and range of the injury.Effective duodenal decompression and complete peritoneal drainage are important for the success of surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 702-705, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456985

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and significance of AIS-ISS in assessing injury severity and prognosis of aged trauma patients.Methods A retrospective study was done on data of 2 599 patients hospitalized over 24 hours from October 2009 to September 2012.There were 597 patients aged 60 years or over (aged group) and 2 002 patients aged below 60 years (non-aged group).Injury causes,ISS,complication incidence,emergency operation rate,and ICU treatment were compared between the two groups.Results Similar in causes of injury,the two groups were mainly injured from traffic accidents and falls on the ground or from height.ISS was (10.7 ± 7.8) points in aged group and (10.4 ± 8.3) points in non-aged group,with no significant difference (t =0.653,P > 0.05).Incidence of major complications was higher in aged group than in non-aged group (P < 0.01).Top three complications were pulmonary infection or atelectasis (4.36%),shock (4.19%),and urinary infection (3.52%).Lower emergency operation rate (21.44% vs 30.57%,P < 0.01),higher ICU treatment (75.71% vs 36.26%,P < 0.05),and higher mortality (3.85 % vs 2.25%,P < 0.05) were observed in aged group when compared to non-aged group.Conclusions AIS-ISS should be carefully selected to evaluate injury severity and prognosis of the aged trauma patients.Early total care should be performed for the aged trauma patients even if AIS-ISS is relatively low.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 503-506, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454130

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe the causes,early recognition and effective therapy of posttraumatic biloma.Methods The data of all patients with the injury of the liver and bile duct treated in our center during the past 10 years were reviewed.Patients,diagnosed with biloma were retrospectively analyzed in respects of sex,age,cause of biloma,methods and efficacy of diagnosis and treatment.Results There were 46 patients with biloma.Of them,40 were found after liver trauma of grade Ⅲ-Ⅴ.The incidence of biloma was 15.2% (40/263).In grade Ⅳ,Ⅴ,and Ⅲ,it was 22.6% (31/137) and 7.1% (9/126) respectively (x2 =12.20,P < 0.01) and in blunt and penetrating injury,it was 19.3% (35/181) and 6.1% (5/82) respectively (x2 =7.67,P < 0.01).Of these 40,36 were found during the course of conservative therapy of severe liver trauma; and 4 were found after laparotomy for the liver trauma.The remaining 6 cases of biloma had a history of injury to extrahepatic bile duct with a incidence of 18.8%(6/32).All 46 patients received spiral CT scaning plus MRI in 9,and ERCP in 11.Of those 40 with biloma after severe liver trauma,28 were cured by ultrasound-guided or computed tomography scan-guided pigtail drainage; and the remaining 12,in whom the biloma volume < 30 cm3 resolved spontaneously.Six patients in whom the biloma as a result of injury to extrahepatic bile duct were cured by surgical intervention.There was no death and complication related with the therapy of biloma.Conclusions Attention should be given to biloma formation,when nonoperative therapy is exercised for severe liver trauma.Ultrasound-or CT scan-guided pigtail drainage is an effective option,but those due to injury of extrahepatic bile duct require surgical intervention.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 112-114, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443433

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess early diagnosis and treatment experience of colorectal injuries.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 72 patients with colorectal injuries in January 2001 to December 2001.Results In this group of 72 cases,ISS score was 29 ± 18.Forty-five suffered from blunt injuries,27 cases from penetrating wounds,Peritoneal colorectal injuries in 57 cases,extraperitoneal rectal injury in 15 cases.Hemorrhagic shock existed in 28 patients at admission.69 were with multiple injuries.Diagnosis:injury tract probing in 13 cases,digital rectal inspection in 3 cases,microscopy in 1 case,the contrast examination in 2 cases,laparotomy in 53 cases.Treatment:repairment in 46 cases,injuried bowel excision anastomosis in 6 cases,18 cases underwent colostomy.5 cases died postoperatively with ISS score of 43 ± 7,among those 3 cases died of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock,one of severe craniocerebral injury,one of postoperative SIRS and MODS.Other nonlethal postoperative complications occurred in 13% (9/67),all were cured.Conclusions Early diagnosis and emergency operation is the key to successful treatment for colorectal injuries.The indication of one stage operation should be strict and accurate.Staged operation should be adopted in cases of extra-abdominal rectal injury.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1846-1847,1850, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599067

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize diagnostic methods and surgical management experience of penetrating chest trauma . Methods The clinical data of 603 patients in our department during the past 10 years were analyzed retrospectively in respects of features of injury ,diagnostic methods ,surgical management and outcome ,etc .Results Location of the wounds :the wounds on the left anterior chest wall had 151 cases ,on the left posterior chest wall 134 cases ,on the right anterior chest 137 cases ,on the right posterior chest 108 cases ,on the bilateral chest 22 cases ,on the root of the neck 35 cases ,on the upper abdome 16 cases .In 453 ca‐ses examined by CT ,96 .03% of these cases were found to be abnormal .In 252 cases examined by X ray ,71 .03% of these cases were found to be abnormal .166 underwent thoracotomy ,26 underwent VATS(Video assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery ) .411 under‐went non operative management .583 were cured ,76 cases developed complications .20 were died .Conclusion Multi spiral CT is a rapidly and accurate diagnostic method to penetrating chest trauma .Incision of thoracotomy is employed according to the lethal damage and the most serious injury organ .

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1180-1183, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439208

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of tripterygium wilfordii combined with aescine in treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) following trauma.Methods A total of 120 patients with posttraumatic ALI were divided into four groups:tripterygium wilfordii + aescine group (combined group),tripterygium wilfordii group,aescine group,and control group according to random number table,with 30 patients per group.Regardless of the same conventional therapy,the patients in combined group were treated by orally or gastrically administered tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside as well as aescine intravenously,once a day for 12 days; on the contrary,the same method but only with tripterygium wilfordii or aescine was respectively performed in tripterygium wilfordii and aescine groups.Blood gas analysis before and after treatment,length of ICU stay,fatality rate and incidence of ARDS in each group were observed.Changes in levels of inflammatory mediators (TNF-oα,IL-1,IL-6 IL-8,etc)were detected at days 4,8,and 12 after medication.Results Shorter length of ICU stay and lower ARDS incidence as well as 12-day fatality rate were detected in each treatment group as compared with control group,especially in combined group (P < 0.05).Respiratory rate,PaO2 and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) in each treatment group presented better amelioration than those in control group and especially better results were observed in combined group (P < 0.05).Plasma levels of TNF-α,IL-1,IL-6,and IL-8 in each treatment group were lower than those in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusions Tripterygium wilfordii and aescine havetherapeutic effect on posttraumatic ALI.Moreover,synergetic use of the two drugs achieves synergistic effect and better outcome.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 343-347, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432721

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical effect of damage control surgery (DCS) in treatment of patients with flail chest combined with severe multiple injuries.Methods A total of 187 cases of flail chest combined with severe multiple injuries treated by fixation of floating chest wall were enrolled and divided into three groups on the basis of different treatments:DCS group (66 cases) underwent early suspension traction of ribs and delayed internal fixation of the ribs ; Group A (70 cases) underwent rib suspension traction alone; Group B (51 cases) underwent initial internal fixation of rib.Complications,mortality,and main parameters before and after operation in each group were analyzed and compared.Results Complications including pulmonary infection (32 cases),atelectasis (38 cases),and acute lung injury (ALI)/ARDS (39 cases) were found.Twenty-two cases died,including 13 deaths from ARDS,two from tension pneumothorax,one from massive hemoptysis,three from cardiac shock,two from craniocerebral injury,and one from liver trauma and thus the overall death rate occupied 11.8%.Oxygenation index (OI) had significant rise postoperatively both in the DCS group and Group A (P < 0.01),but the change of OI was inappreciable in Group B.Mortality,complication rate,cases treated with mechanical ventilation,tracheotomy or fiberoptic bronchoscopy,and average length of ICU and hospital stay were the lowest in the DCS Group,followed by a relatively higher result in Group B and a much higher result in Group A (P < 0.01).Conclusion DCS decreases mortality and complications dramatically when appolied to treat flail chest combined with severe multiple trauma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 661-664, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418920

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the feasibility and efficacy of damage control surgery (DCS) in treating severe pelvic fracture combined with abdominal organ injuries.Methods A retrospective analysis was done on the clinical data of 39 patients with severe pelvic fractures combined with abdominal organ injuries treated by DCS from 1995 to 2010.Results Devascularization of internal iliac arteries was performed to treat massive hemorrhage in the 39 patients with severe pelvic fractures combined with abdominal organ injuries,including ligation of bilateral internal iliac arteries in 31 palients and angioembolization of bilateral internal iliac arteries in eight.Meanwhile,early pelvic external fixators were used in 31 patients.All patients received discriminating internal fixation after resuscitation in ICU.The overall mortality rate was 21% (8/39),with average ISS of 41.6 points and with hemorrhagic shock and combined injury for the main causes of death.Complications occurred in seven patients including combined acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in three patients,thrombosis of right common iliac artery in one,subphernic abscesses in two,and deep infection of lower extremity in one,but all the complications were cured.Conclusions Reasonable and timely use of DCS can enhance the rescue survival rate of patients with severe pelvic fraclure combined with abdominal organ injuries.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 184-187, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390397

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the early diagnosis, option of the surgical procedures, preven-tion and treatment of the complications in patients with pancreatic trauma.Methods All patients with pancreatic trauma during the past 20 years were studied retrospectively in respect of sex, age, cause of injury, grade by AAST, style of operation, therapeutic efficacy, complications and factors for death etc.Statistical analysis was made with Chi-square test.Results In all 148 cases of the present series, 132 underwent surgical interventions including simple suture or external drainage alone, distal pancre-atectomy, distal pancreaticojejunostomy or other internal drainage, diverticularization, Whipple's pro-cedure, and Damage Control Surgery (DCS) etc.Postoperative morbidity was 27.83% with a signifi-cant difference of the incidence of pancreatic fistula between pancreas grade Ⅲ-Ⅴ injuries and grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ(P<0.01).The mortality rate was 11.49%.The cause of the deaths was mainly massive bleed-ing due to severe associated injuries(76.47%).Among various grades, the difference of the mortality was not significant (P>0.05).Conclusion To improve the survival rate, it is important to control massive hemorrhage from associated injuries precedes dealing with pancreas trauma.Selection of surgi-cal procedures should be based on whether the main duct is injured.The removing of devitalized tis-sue, adequate external and internal drainage are essential for treatment of pancreatic injuries.Early recognition of pancreatic injury and correct choice of surgical procedures may obviously decrease the in-cidence of postoperative complications.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 369-371, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400720

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe timely diagnosis and surgical intervention of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture(TDR). Methods The clinical data of 161 patients with TDR treated surgically in our department during the past 17 years were analyzed retrospectively in respects of diagnostic methods,accuracy of preoperative judgment of TDR,incidence of diaphragmatic hernia,surgical procedures and outcome,etc. Results There were 139 males and 22 females at a mean age of 32.4 years(9-84 years),with average ISS of 27.8 points(13-66 points).Of all patients,65.2%had shock at admission.For these 161 patients,36 suffered from blunt injuries and 125 from penetrating injuries.For diaphragmatic injury.preoperative diagnostic rate was 88.9%for blunt injuries and 78.4%for penetrating injuries (P>0.01).The incidence of diaphragmatic hernia was 94.4%in blunt injuries and 14.4%in penetrating injuries(P<0.05).In this series,thoracotomy was performed in 30 patients,laparotomy in 106,thoracotomy plus laparotomy in 18 and combined thoraco-laparotomy in 7,with overall fatality rate of 10.6%and a mean ISS of 41.6 points.The mortality rate was 22.2%in blunt injuries and 7.2%in penetrating injuries(P<0.01).The main causes for death were hemorrhagic shock and septic complications; Conclusions Blunt diaphragmatic injury can be diagnosed by radiographic signs of diaphragmatic hernia.According to"offside sign",which implies a thoracic wound with positive physical or radiological signs in the abdomen or in the thorax,penetrating diaphragmatic injury can be recognized.To deal with diaphragmatic hernia,it is important to judge the vitality of viscera.Penetrating injury has a relatively good prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 346-351, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332935

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into effective surgical procedures and improve the outcome of treatment for patients with severe hepatic injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study involving 113 patients with severe hepatic trauma (AAST grade IV and V) during the past 12 years was carried out. Ninety-eight patients underwent surgical treatment. Surgical interventions including hepatectomy or direct control of bleeding vessels by finger fracture technique with Pringle maneuver, selective ligation of hepatic artery, retrohepatic caval repair with total hepatic vascular occlusion, and perihepatic packing were mainly used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 98 patients treated operatively, the survival rate was 69.4% (68/98). Among 40 patients with juxtahepatic venous injury (JHVI), 15 were cured with the maximum blood transfusion of 12,000 ml. Eight cases of Grade IV injury treated nonoperatively were cured. The percentage of failure of nonoperative management was 42.9% (6/14). The overall mortality rate was 32.7% (37/113), and 57% of the deaths were due to exsanguination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Reasonable surgical procedures based on classification of hepatic injuries can increase the survival rate of severe liver trauma. Accurate perihepatic packing is effective in dealing with JHVI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Hemostasis, Surgical , Methods , Hepatectomy , Methods , Mortality , Injury Severity Score , Laparotomy , Methods , Liver , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Liver Diseases , Mortality , General Surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Sex Factors , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
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