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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863256

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a dementia-type neurodegenerative disease with an increasing incidence in elderly population and a poor prognosis. Therefore, the early diagnosis technology of AD urgently needs to be improved. In this paper, the laboratory diagnostic technologies of Alzheimer's disease were reviewed in the field of neuropsychological assessment, neuroimaging technology, and biomarker detection, including the simple intelligence state scale, the Montreal cognitive assessment scale, the memory and executive function screening scale, structural MRI, and functional MRI, positron emission computed tomography, MRI-based artificial intelligence analysis, and β amyloid (Aβ), homocysteine, S100B protein, Aβ 42, tau protein, urine AD-related neurofilament protein (AD7c-NTP) and Aβ plaques in the retinas. The limitations of these technologies were analyzed, and the development trends of the technologies were summarized. In order to improve the efficiency of AD screening, it is necessary to build an early diagnosis system for AD, in which multimodal diagnosis technology should be used to distinguish different types of AD.

2.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 382-387,后插4,封3, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606057

ABSTRACT

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common skeletal muscle pain and dysfunction,characterized by the presence of myofascial pain points (MTrPs).At present,the main method of locating MTrPs is palpation which has lower intra-rater reliability,and lacks an objective evaluation approach for therapeutic effects.Therefore,the research on objective evaluation of the characteristics of MPS has been receiving great attention.These studies involve stiffness of trigger points,fascia thickness,surface temperature and other aspects through various methods,such as ultrasonic imaging,magnetic resonance imaging,infrared thermal imaging.In this paper,the research progress and methods of MPS in imaging were surveyed,which can provide the basis for the clinical diagnosis and objective evaluation of therapeutic effects.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493130

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a laser acupuncture instrument with dual wavelength and multi-channel,under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture theory and according to low-level laser induced effect in bio-tissues and compatibility characteristics of acupuncture points.Methods Using SCM and semiconductor laser,hardware circuitry was designed to achieve the basic functions of the instrument,and the corresponding PC software was developed.Results The laser acupuncture treatment for several acupuncture points could be carried out at the same time with the same or different laser parameters (wavelength,power density,continuous/pulse),and each channel could output 635 nm and 808 nm laser,with continuous adjustable power.Conclusions The dual wavelength multi-channel laser acupuncture instrument can meet the needs of compatibility during clinical acupuncture treatment and is easy to operate.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603747

ABSTRACT

This review introduces the mechanism and advantages of laser acupuncture and moxibustion, the biological effect of low-level laser, the characteristics of acupuncture point area and the experimental laws of biological effect.On this basis, the existing problems in clinical application of laser acupuncture and laser acupuncture apparatus are pointed out.The combination therapy method with various wavelength are also discussed, and future development directions in the study are prospected.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453365

ABSTRACT

Objective Nasal administration,as a common means of treatment of respiratory diseases,may normally cause bronchospasm,cough and other adverse reactions,the efficiency of nasal nebulizers has been criticized as well.This paper aims to develop a medicine atomizing device,pharmaceutically atomized in solving the existing problems,providing a modern instrument for treatment of respiratory diseases by traditional Chinese medicine.Methods The device could prepare medicine by decoction and filtration,which means this unit is divided into two functional modules,medicine preparation and herbal atomization.1 200 W heating plate is placed in decoction unit and is programmed to fit traditional decoction protocol.Steam and ultrasonic nebulised medicine are combined in atomizing unit.Another non-contact infrared heating unit also located in to control the temperature precisely.Different forms of traditional Chinese medicine and different filtration methods were selected to optimize the atomizing effect.Results An implementation of two sequence of filtration enabled optimization of atomizing.After 15 volunteers'trial,this device functioned well on Bama nasal medical protocol,and could effectively avoid the adverse reactions of the traditional way of cold fog atomizing.Conclusions The nasal nebulizer equipment on which Chinese herbal medicine treatments could directly performed,produced atomized mist particle size suitable for nasal treatment,and by generating warm steam to avoid the common clinical administration caused choking to hypoxia and other adverse reactions.Meanwhile,instrument has a friendly interactive feature to meet the clinical requirements for medicine nebulizer treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of VEGF in angiogenesis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissue.@*METHOD@#Serum and tissue VEGF were detected by the quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method both in 62 nasopharyngeal carcinoma without therapy and 20 nasopharyngitis. The expression of microvessel density in tissue of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and nasopharyngitis were detected by immunohistochemical method.@*RESULT@#(1) There was no significant relationship compared VEGF and MVD in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient, gender and ages (P>0.05), while the expression of VEGF and MVD in later stage (III+IV) were significant higher than that in earlier stage (I+I) (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#VEGF could induce angiogenesis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissue, and play an important role in progression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, VEGF could be an important marker for monitoring prognosis of disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Microvessels , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the expression of HIF-1alpha and CD34 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and nasopharyngitis tissues, evaluate the role of HIF-1alpha and microvessel density (MVD) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, probe the relationship between HIF-1alpha and MVD.@*METHOD@#The expression of HIF-1alpha was detected in 58 cases with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and 20 samples of nasopharyngitis tissues by immunohistochemical staining SABC methods and SP methods. MVD in tumor was counted by immunostaining with CD34 and analyzed with clinicopathologic parameters.@*RESULT@#The positive rate of HIF-1alpha was 79.31% and 10.00% respectively in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and nasopharyngitis tissues, there was significant difference between them (P<0.01). MVD was 39.74+/-7.41 and 18.43+/-3.24 respectively in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and nasopharyngitis tissues, there was significant difference between them (P<0.01). The expression of HIF-1alpha and MVD were significantly higher in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and in lymph node metastasis group than in no-metastasis group. In different clinical stage, the expression of HIF-1alpha (P<0.05) and MVD (P<0.01) was different. The expression of HIF-1alpha was positively correlated with MVD (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#HIF-1alpha may be involved in carcinogenesis, invasion and metastasis of NPC. Visualization plays a key role in invasion and metastasis of NPC. The expression of HIF-1alpha was positively correlated with tumor visualization in NPC. HIF-1alpha is likely to be a potential target of anticancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Male , Microvessels , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Young Adult
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