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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 643-648, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012955

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the Healthy China Strategy, the value of care has become increasingly prominent. It has become an important nursing topic to strengthen the theoretical and practical research of nurse-patient communication, especially to understand the current state, and explore the essential characteristics, the influencing factors and the differences in interdisciplinary perspectives of nurse-patient communication. Through systematic analysis of 100 real clinical nurse-patient communication cases, this paper found that the problem of poor nurse-patient communication still existed widely, which is prominently manifested as the inhibition of communication willingness, the dislocation of communication topics and the lack of communication consensus. The causes of poor nurse-patient communication were nurses’ poor communication skills, negative emotional distress, the lack of humanistic literacy and insufficient energy investment in communication, as well as the patient’s fragile state, the limitation of knowledge and cultural level, and insufficient trust in nurses. The interdisciplinary perspective analysis of ethics, psychology and law is conducive to enriching and developing the theoretical basis and research methods of nurse-patient communication, and can also provide useful suggestions for improving nurse-patient communication in clinical.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 294-299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005759

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To understand the status of COVID-19 vaccination among elderly adults in long-term care facilities and analyze the influencing factors so as to provide scientific basis for improving the policy of COVID-19 vaccination. 【Methods】 The socio-demographic characteristics, disease-related data, disability, and COVID-19 vaccination status of 575 elderly adults who resided in long-term care facilities in Shaanxi Province were collected via Sojumpin in January 2022. Factors that affected non-vaccinated elderly adults were analyzed by using the SPSS 25.0 software. 【Results】 Of the included 575 participants, 199 (34.6%) were not vaccinated against COVID-19. Univariate analysis showed that COVID-19 vaccination was associated with age, room type, length of stay, marital status, number of children, chronic diseases (i.e., diabetes, stroke, dementia), disability degree, and long-term medication use. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that age of 90 years or above (OR=4.25), triple room (OR=6.17), moderate disability (OR=2.94), severe disability (OR=6.67), long-term medication use (OR=1.81), and stroke (OR=1.74) were independent risk factors for not injecting COVID-19 vaccine. 【Conclusion】 The COVID-19 vaccination coverage rate of elderly adults in long-term care facilities needs to be improved, and more attention should be paid to the high-risk groups (e.g., who are older, and have disability, long-term medication use, or stroke).

3.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1225-1231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998745

ABSTRACT

Background There is a lack of research evidence on the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in China. Objective To explore the association between frequency of SSB consumption before pregnancy and risk of GDM in pregnant women in Shaanxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for targeted interventions to control maternal blood glucose. Methods The recruitment to the China Birth Cohort study started in October 2020. Pregnant women at 6-16 weeks who had their first prenatal examination at five hospitals in Shaanxi Province were recruited. A maternal health questionnaire was used to collect basic information about pregnant women. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to collect the consumption of carbonated beverages, fruit and vegetable juice beverages, coffee beverages, and milk tea beverages in one year before pregnancy, which were summed to obtain the SSB consumption. Pregnant women were divided into three groups according to SSB consumption, namely <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1. GDM was confirmed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 24-28 weeks of gestation. A binary logistic regression model was applied to explore the association between SSB consumption and risk of GDM. Multiple linear regression was applied to investigate the associations between SSB consumption (per 1-serving·d−1 increase) and OGTT fasting plasma glucose, 1-hour glucose, and 2-hour glucose. Results A total of 3811 pregnant women were finally enrolled in this study, of which 752 developed GDM, with an incidence rate of 19.7%. The incidence rates of GDM in pregnant women with SSB consumption frequency of <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1 were 18.0%, 21.1%, and 26.8%, respectively. After adjusting for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), education, number of children born, family history of diabetes, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity level, and total energy intake, the risk of GDM increased by 26% (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.50) in the 1-4 servings·week−1 group and by 76% (OR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.31, 2.38) in the ≥5 servings·week−1 group compared to the <1 serving·week−1 SSB consumption group, respectively. Further stratified analysis revealed no interaction effect (Pinteraction>0.05) between SSB consumption and maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, or first labor or not. For each additional SSB consumption per day, the risk of GDM increased by 94% (OR=1.94, 95%CI: 1.37, 2.75); and the maternal OGTT 1-hour glucose and 2-hour glucose increased by 0.33 mmol·L−1 and 0.18 mmol·L−1, respectively (P<0.05), and no significant increase in fasting plasma glucose was found (P>0.05). Conclusion Higher SSB consumption before pregnancy increases the risk of GDM in pregnant women.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1086-1090, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815949

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the pathogenicity of Acinetobacter venetum(Av),which is expected to be used as an environmental remediation agent,using Caenorhabditis elegans(C.elegans). @*Methods@#The C.elegans were cultured on the media loaded with E.coli OP50 and Av,respectively. The pathogenicity of Av was evaluated by observing the effects of Av on the growth,movement,digestive function,lifespan and reproduction of C.elegans,compared with that of another evaluation system according to NY 1109-2017 General Biosafety Standard for Microbial Fertilizers.@*Results@#By C. elegans system,it was found that the body length,width,head thrash frequency,body bending frequency and average lifespan [(13.5±0.4)d vs.(13.7±0.4)d] of adult nematodes in the Av group were not significantly different from those in the OP50 group(all P>0.05);while the average time of defecation cycle in the Av group shortened,the total number of progenies in the Av group increased by 18.7%(all P<0.05). According to NY1109-2017 General Biosafety Standard for Microbial Fertilizers,it was found that the oral LD50 values for both male and female mice were more than 10 g/kgbw,which was practically non-toxic;the pathogenicity test of acute intraperitoneal injection showed that the animals did not have signs of poisoning,deaths or any abnormalities in gross anatomy;Av had no irritation to damaged skin and eyes of rabbits;the hemolysis test was negative;Av was sensitive to seven antibiotics and was medium to one antibiotic. @*Conclusion@#Av is not pathogenic. C. elegans can be used in early screening for the pathogenicity of environmental remediation agents.

5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 659-664, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775264

ABSTRACT

As the core of cellular immunotherapy, T cells are important aspects of research and treatment of lung cancer. IL-6 is a costimulatory signal factor of T cells that is directly targeted by lung cancer stem cells. As a highly expressed cytokine in lung cancer cells, IL-6 plays an important role in variety of biological activities such as tumor occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis. This article reviews the research progress on IL-6 in lung cancer, including cancer development and progression, and the therapeutic sensitivity of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Progression , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lung Neoplasms , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Research , T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism
6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 317-320, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706088

ABSTRACT

Medical violence is a typical crisis. The survey showed that medical students generally lacked effec-tive strategies to deal with medical violence and also were looking forward to receiving related education and training subjectively. It has positive theoretical and practical significance to carry out the crisis management education of medical violence among medical students. From the four levels of crisis management, through strengthening human-istic education, psychological health education, carrying out crisis experience teaching, conducting crisis response practice in teaching and other tries, to carry out crisis management education of medical violence among medical students can improve medical students' crisis prevention awareness, early-warning ability, handling ability and recovery ability, so as to provide useful reference for preventing and resolving medical violence and building a har-monious doctor-patient relationship.

7.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 6-9, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706032

ABSTRACT

The main contents of doctor - patient consensus, including that the history of human diseases is much earlier than the history of medical science; in the process of medical progress, diseases are also constantly e-volving; people generally pay more attention to medicine and have prejudice to the disease; doctors focus more on"diseases" while what patients feel is"sickness"; the power of medicine is always limited and the evolution of dis-ease is infinite. On this basis,this paper analyzed the obstacles in the formation process of doctor - patient consensus and put forward the improvement countermeasures from the angle of doctor, patient and society respectively.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 102-108, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808227

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ZXF1 and clinicopathological characteristics, as well as prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma; and to explore its potential molecular mechanism.@*Methods@#A total of 83 lung adenocarcinoma tissue samples and 83 paracancerous lung tissue samples from lung adenocarcinoma patients were collected. The mRNA expression of ZXF1 in the tumors and the corresponding adjacent non-tumor tissues were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The correlation between ZXF1 level and clinicopathological characteristics such as age, gender, smoking history, tumor size, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis was evaluated. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox multivariate regression, based on the data of a 12-56 months follow-up after surgery. In vitro ZXF1 was over-expressed in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, and then the proteins functionally related to ZXF1 were identified by protein array analysis.@*Results@#Of the 83 cases of lung adenocarcinoma, the ZXF1 mRNA levels in the tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissues were 8.32±3.05 and 1.05±0.47, respectively (P<0.05), and a high-level the high expression of ZXF1 in the tumor tissues was detected in 56 cases. The expression status of ZXF1 was closely correlated with the tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05), but was not significantly related to age, gender and tumor size. Based on a 12-56 months follow-up, the patients with high level ZXF1 expression had a shorter disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than that of the group with low level ZXF1 (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ZXF1 expression, tumor size and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors to DFS; and ZXF1 expression, tumor size, lymph node metastasis and tumor differentiation were independent risk factors to OS. The protein array data revealed that expressions of bone morphogenetic protein 5 (BMP-5)and stem cell factor receptor (SCFR)were upregulated upon overexpression of the ZXF1 in A549 cells.@*Conclusions@#lncRNA ZXF1 is overexpressed in lung adenocarcinoma, and is closely correlated with tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis. As an independent risk factor, a high expression of ZXF1 indicates a poor prognosis for the patients. ZXF1 may influence the biological behavior of lung adenocarcinoma by enhancing the protein expression of BMP-5 and SCFR.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 355-358, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509398

ABSTRACT

The scenario simulation teaching method created a novel teaching mode for medical ethics and explored the new methods to enhance the teaching level.Through 6-year practice teaching,the authors made a comprehensive summary,refined the process,and resolved the existing problems.Several experiences gained in the process.The form of scenario simulation is novel,which is loved by the students.It is helpful to achieve the teaching goal that class should be led by students,cultivate medical students' humanistic quality,and make teaching benefits teachers as well as students.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 750-752, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609124

ABSTRACT

At present,there are the following problems in the country doctors' professionalism education,the lack of country doctors' understanding of physician professionalism,the impact of the market economy and the neg-lect of the current physician professionalism education.On the basis of this,this paper suggested to improve the so-cial status and treatment of country doctors,to strengthen the education and training of professionalism-related subjects,to embody the humanistic idea and criterion in the rich specialized course teaching,and to promote the implementation of country doctors' professionalism education and training.

11.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 586-588,625, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619295

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzed the main cause of the alienation of doctor-patient trust,the poor complaint channels of medical dispute,the lack of credibility for medical and judicial authentication,citizens' consciousness and other medical violence.Aiming at medical violence,we should popularize the concept of law firstly.Secondly,we should revise and perfect the act of medical violence,and promote the institutionalization of handling medical disputes.Then,we should strengthen the construction of physicianprofessionalism and perfect the medical identification.Third,we should strengthen the construction of mediation mechanism and import medical liability insurance appropriately.

12.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 233-235, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402785

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the optimal injection dose of ozone for the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion.Methods A total of 240 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion were randomly and equally divided into four groups,with 60 patients in each group.Under CT guidance intervertebral injection of ozone was performed.The injection dose of ozone(50 ug/ml)used for patients in group A,B,C and D was 10 ml,20 ml,30 ml and 40 ml respectively.Immediately after the procedure CT scanning was made to check the result. A follow-up lasting 6-12 months was carried out.Clinical observation,including the ablation degree of the nucleus puiposus,the therapeutic results and the adverse reactions,was conducted.The results were statistically analyzed and compared among the four groups.Results A significant difference in the therapeutic effect existed between group A(10 ml)and other three groups(P<0.05),while no significant difference in the therapeutic effect existed among group B(20 ml),group C(30 ml)and group D(40 ml),with P>0.05.The occurrence of complications was increasing with the injection dose used.Conclusion The optimal injection dose of ozone for the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion is 20 ml.

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 131-3, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635067

ABSTRACT

To establish a murine carotid artery transplantation model for the study of the chronic rejection, 80 rats were divided into two groups, an allotransplant (ACI-Lewis) group and an isotransplant (Lewis-Lewis) group (control group). The donor carotid artery and the recipient carotid artery were anastomosed by using a polyethylene cuff (internal diameter: 0.7 mm, length: 3 mm).The pathological changes of carotid artery transplant were observed 14, 28 and 56 days after the transplantation. The results showed that the model was successfully established in 95% of the animals. The chronic rejection-associated arteriosclerosis was induced 28 days after the transplantation. The new chronic rejection model of carotid artery by using cuff technique caused fewer traumas and was easy to make. The pathological changes of the transplant mimicked the chronic rejection-associated arteriosclerosis found in human transplant.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Arteriosclerosis , Carotid Artery, Common/transplantation , Delayed Graft Function , Graft Rejection/pathology , Models, Animal , Polyethylene , Rats, Inbred ACI , Rats, Inbred Lew
14.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 643-645, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238674

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of TGF-β1 on the expressions of IL-12, IL-15, IL-18, IL-4 and IL-10 in heart transplantation rejection in rats, a model of rat cervical heterotopic heart transplanta-tion was set up and the model rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, transplant group and TGF-β1 group. The mRNA expression levels of IL-12, IL-15, IL-18, IL-4 and IL-10 were determined by RT-PCR at the 5th day after the transplantation. The mRNA expression levels of IL-12,IL-15, IL-18 were increased obviously and those of IL-4, IL-10 were significantly decreased in the transplant group as compared with the control group (P<0.01). In the TGF-β1 group, the mRNA ex-pression levels of IL-12, IL-15, IL-18 were significantly decreased and those of IL-4, IL-10 were sig-nificantly increased as compared with the transplant group (P<0.01). The immunosuppressive effect of TGF-β1 on heart transplantation rejection was related to its inhibition of the expressions of Th1-type cytokines (IL-12, IL-15, IL-18 etc) and its promotion of the expressions of Th2-tpye cyto-kines (IL-4, IL-10).

15.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526624

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the effects of preventive management during the operation for post-operative chylothorax in patients with lung cancer of state Ⅲ. Methods Total 425 patients underwent pulmonary resection (at least lobectomy) and systematic mediastinal lymph node dissection for lung cancer of state Ⅲ from January 1998 to June 2005. Took some especial management during the operation to prevent post-operative chylothorax in 132 patients after March 2004. According to the surgical procedure,all patients were divided into preventive group and non-preventive group. Results There were 14 patients (4.8%) with post-operative chylothorax in the group of inchoate 293 patients before March 2004. Only 1 patient (0.07%) among 132 patients who underwent treatment for chylothorax during the operation after March 2004 had post-operative chylothorax (P

16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 616-622, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308285

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the levels and changes of sexual hormone in serum and seminal plasma, and the epidermal growth factor (EGF), alpha-glucosidase, and fructose in the seminal plasma of non-obstructive azoospermic patients, and to assess the significance of the analysis of their chromosomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six non-obstructive azoospermic males and 26 normal males were chosen. The results in reproductive endocrine and genetics obtained by radioimmunoassay, colorimetry, and chromosomes G and C banding assay were compared and analyzed to explore into the causes of infertility.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of FSH, LH, PRL and E2 in the serum of the non-obstructive azoospermic patients were higher than those of the control group, but the T level had no significant difference between the two groups. There were no obvious differences in the sexual hormones except in FSH of the seminal plasma. There were 2 cases of abnormal sex chromosomes, 2 cases of big Y chromosomes and 7 cases of small Y chromosomes in the non-obstructive azoospermic patients. No correlation was found between EGF and fructose in the seminal plasma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The level of sexual hormone in serum, alpha-glucosidase in seminal plasma and abnormal chromosomes might be closely related to non-obstructive azoospermia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Azoospermia , Genetics , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Epidermal Growth Factor , Metabolism , Gonadal Steroid Hormones , Metabolism , Semen , Chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-584043

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the causes and treatment of angulated healing of long bone shaft fracture at lower limbs. Methods 12 cases of patients with the angulated healing of femoral and tibiofibular fractures were treated surgically in our hospital. In the operation, the plane and angle of the osteotomy were designed according to the specific angulation to restore the normal vertical alignment of the knee joint so that traumatic arthropathy of the knee could be treated or prevented. Results All the patients were followed up for 6 months to 12 years (averaging 66 months). Their lameness was greatly improved, the pain at their knee joints was relieved, and the occurrence or development of the arthropathy were obviously delayed. Conclusions When the angulation of healed long bone shaft fracture at lower limbs exceeds the physical weight bearing line, the condition should be treated surgically. The corrected angulation can delay the occurrence and development of arthritis at the knee. Moreover, corrected angulation and restored alignment is a good method to treat arthropathy of the knee joint.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526788

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and clinical significance of IL-12 in acute cardiac allograft rejection in rats.Methods Two groups of SD rats received cervical heterotopic heart transplantation from allogeneic Wistar or syngeneic SD rats.The cardiac grafts were harvested at 1,3,5,and 7 days after transplantation and detected for the expression of IL-12 mRNA by reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR).Results With the posttransplantation day delayed,the expression of IL-12 mRNA was significantly increased in allogeneic transplant group(P

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525509

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1(TIMP-1), and its correlation with lymph node metastasis in esophageal squamous carcinoma(ESC). Methods The expressions of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were detected in 78 cases of esophageal squamous carcinomas by using immunohistochemical SP method. Results The expression level of MMP-9 in high differentiated (grade Ⅰ~Ⅱ) and early stage (stageⅠ~Ⅱ) ESC was significantly lower than that in low differentiated(grade Ⅲ~Ⅳ) and late stage (stage Ⅲ~Ⅳ) ESC(P

20.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532897

ABSTRACT

The lack of organs has been an crucial limiting factor for Chinese organ transplantation,thus it is in urgent need to effectively increase the number of donor organs.This article holds that,besides through publicity and education to promote unpaid voluntary organ donation,some incentive mechanisms are also required to serve as useful complements.Therefore,organs' origin can be expanded to a certain extent,and the intense supply and demand in organ transplantation can also be eased.Unifying organ transplantation practice in China,this paper explains the necessity of organ donation incentive mechanisms from both theoretical and practical significances,reveals the main elements of the incentive mechanisms,and explores the realization means.

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