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1.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 174-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901602

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study investigated the relative incidence of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and long-term outcomes between iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) and low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 9,431 patients receiving elective PCI were enrolled in the cohort. The patients were divided into IOCM group and LOCM group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to minimize the selection bias between groups. @*Results@#The multivariate analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the CIN incidence (odds ratio [OR], 0.912; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.576–1.446; p=0.696). After PSM, the incidence of CIN was 1.5% and 4.0% in IOCM group (n=979) and LOCM group (n=979), respectively, p=0.001. IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN compared with LOCM (OR, 0.393; 95% CI, 0.214–0.722; p=0.003). After 2 years of follow-up, the all-cause mortality was higher in IOCM group than LOCM group (2.1% vs. 0.9%, p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed IOCM was not independent risk factor of 2-years all-cause mortality (OR, 0.849; 95% CI, 0.510–1.412; p=0.528). After PSM, the difference of all-cause death between groups disappeared (1.7% vs. 1.9%, p=0.739). Cox regression analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the incidence of 2-year all-cause mortality (OR, 1.037; 95% CI, 0.534–2.014; p=0.915). @*Conclusions@#Compared with LOCM, IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN after elective PCI, but had no significant effect on 2-year all-cause mortality.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 174-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893898

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study investigated the relative incidence of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and long-term outcomes between iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) and low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 9,431 patients receiving elective PCI were enrolled in the cohort. The patients were divided into IOCM group and LOCM group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to minimize the selection bias between groups. @*Results@#The multivariate analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the CIN incidence (odds ratio [OR], 0.912; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.576–1.446; p=0.696). After PSM, the incidence of CIN was 1.5% and 4.0% in IOCM group (n=979) and LOCM group (n=979), respectively, p=0.001. IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN compared with LOCM (OR, 0.393; 95% CI, 0.214–0.722; p=0.003). After 2 years of follow-up, the all-cause mortality was higher in IOCM group than LOCM group (2.1% vs. 0.9%, p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed IOCM was not independent risk factor of 2-years all-cause mortality (OR, 0.849; 95% CI, 0.510–1.412; p=0.528). After PSM, the difference of all-cause death between groups disappeared (1.7% vs. 1.9%, p=0.739). Cox regression analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the incidence of 2-year all-cause mortality (OR, 1.037; 95% CI, 0.534–2.014; p=0.915). @*Conclusions@#Compared with LOCM, IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN after elective PCI, but had no significant effect on 2-year all-cause mortality.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 123-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes.@*Results@#The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: β=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: β=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 108-116, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the safety and impact of short-term anticoagulant therapy on prognosis after selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease.@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2013, 9 769 consecutive patients underwent selective PCI in Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups, including non-post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group and low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group (enoxaparin 0.4 ml/12 h or fondaparinux 2.5 mg/day by subcutaneous injection for 2-3 days after PCI). All patients were evaluated at 30 days, 180 days and 12 months for major adverse coronary and cerebral events (MACCE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization and stroke as well as in-stent thrombosis and bleeding events. Data from 1 755 pairs of patients were analysis after propensity score matching. The clinical outcomes were compared between groups by using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis before and after propensity score matching. Multivariable Cox analysis was used to define the impact and determinants of post-PCI anticoagulation on clinical outcomes.@*Results@#one thousand seven hundred and fifty-five (18.0%) patients didn′t receive post-PCI anticoagulation and 8 014 (82.0%) patients received post-PCI anticoagulation, 5 666 (58.0%) patients received enoxaparin and 2 348 (24.0%) patients received fondaparinux. Patients were younger and incidence of female patients was less, incidence of renal dysfunction and acute coronary syndrome were higher in low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group than in non-post-PCI anticoagulation group (all P<0.05). Similarly, patients with post-PCI anticoagulation were associated with more left main coronary artery lesion and branch lesion (P<0.05). Post-PCI anticoagulation patients were associated with less trans-femoral process, more drug-eluting stents implantation and less simple balloon dilatation (all P<0.05). Nine thousand seven hundred and seventeen (99.5%) patients completed 2 years follow up. Post-PCI anticoagulation patients had significantly lower 30-day all-cause death (0.05% (4 cases) vs. 0.46% (8 cases), P<0.001) and stroke (0 vs. 0.11% (2 cases), P=0.003), lower 180-day all-cause death (0.17% (14 cases) vs. 0.57% (10 cases), P=0.002), revascularization (2.07% (166 cases) vs. 3.71% (65 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (3.49% (280 cases) vs. 5.47% (96 cases), P<0.001), lower 2-year revascularization (7.61% (610 cases) vs. 12.84% (225 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (10.92 (875 cases) vs. 16.01% (281 cases), P<0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that post-PCI anticoagulant therapy was an independent protective factor of 30-day (HR=0.17, 95%CI 0.05-0.62, P=0.007), 180-day all-cause death (HR=0.37, 95%CI 0.16-0.87, P=0.023) and MACCE (HR=0.74, 95%CI 0.58-0.94, P=0.013), 2-year MACCE (HR=0.71, 95%CI 0.62-0.81, P<0.001). After propensity score matching, post-PCI anticoagulation therapy remained as an independent protective factor of 30-day all-cause death (HR=0.11, 95%CI 0.01-0.92, P=0.042) and 2-year MACCE (HR=0.81, 95%CI 0.68-0.96, P=0.015).@*Conclusions@#Low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy may decrease 30-day all-cause death, 180-day all-cause death and MACCE and 2-year MACCE, and meanwhile this option does not increase bleeding risk in patients underwent selective PCI.

5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 42-48, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804630

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Patients with acute coronary syndrome due to multivessel disease (MVD) were at the highest risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was proposed as a marker of cardiovascular risk. Present study evaluated the independent predictive value of NLR for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with MVD.@*Methods@#AMI patients with MVD (n=1 433) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between January 2013 and December 2013 were followed up for 2 years. Patients were divided into 2 sub-groups based on an optimal cut off value of NLR to predict 2-year all-cause mortality. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. The secondary endpoint was long-term major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE).@*Results@#By receiver operating characteristics curve analysis, the optimal cut-off value of admission NLR to predict 2-year all-cause mortality was 3.39 (area under the curve 0.765, sensitivity 71%, specificity 73%). The high NLR group(n=396) had higher prevalence of prior myocardial infarction, prior PCI and intra-aortic balloon pump use (IABP)(P<0.01). Compared to the low NLR group (n=1 037), patients in the high NLR group were older, had higher level of neutrophil count and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (P<0.001), but lower level of lymphocyte count, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and ejection fraction (P<0.001). During the follow-up period, rate of long-term all-cause death was significantly higher in the high NLR group than in the low NLR group (5.1% (20/396) vs. 0.8% (8/1 037), P<0.001). Cardiac death (4.0% (16/396) vs. 0.7% (7/1 037), P<0.001) and MACCE (21.7% (86/396) vs. 12.6% (131/1 037), P<0.001) were also significantly higher in the high NLR group than in the low NLR group. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that NLR ≥ 3.39 was determined as an independent predictor of 2-year all-cause mortality (HR=3.23, 95%CI 1.38-7.54, P=0.007) and MACCE (HR=1.58, 95%CI 1.19-2.10, P=0.002) in this patient cohort after adjusting for other risk factors. Correlation analysis showed that the NLR was positively correlated with hs-CRP levels (r=0.241, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Our study demonstrates that admission NLR ≥ 3.39 is an independent predictor of long term all cause death and MACCE in AMI patients with MVD post PCI.

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 34-41, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804629

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of coronary lesion calcification on the long-term outcome of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention.@*Methods@#In this prospective observational study, a total of 10 119 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from January 1 to December 31, 2 103 in our hospital were enrolled. The patients were divided into non/mild calcification group (8 268 cases) and moderate/severe calcification group (1 851 cases) according to the angiographic results. The primary endpoint was one-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization.@*Results@#The patients were (58.3±10.3) years old, and there were 2 355 females (23.3%). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in the moderate/severe calcification group were older ((60.0±10.6) years vs. (57.9±10.2) years, P<0.01), and had higher proportion of female (25.4% (470/1 851) vs. 22.8% (1 885/8 268), P=0.02), debates (33.9% (628/1 851) vs. 29.0% (2 399/8 268), P<0.01), hypertension (68.0% (1 259/1 851) vs. 63.7% (5 264/8 268), P<0.01), coronary artery bypass grafting (4.6% (85/1 851) vs. 3.2% (268/8 268), P<0.01), stroke (12.6% (233/1 851) vs. 10.4% (861/8 268), P=0.01), and renal dysfunction (6.2% (115/1 851) vs. 3.7% (303/8 268), P<0.01). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in themoderate/severe calcification group experienced longer procedure time (37 (24, 61) min vs. 27 (17,40) min, P<0.01) and stent length was longer (32 (23,48) mm vs. 27 (18,38) mm, P<0.01), and percent of rotational atherectomy was higher (2.56%(57/2 229) vs. 0.03% (3/11 930), P<0.01). One-year follow-up results showed that MACE (7.5% (139/1 846) vs. 4.9% (402/8 243), P<0.01), all-cause death (1.0% (19/1 846) vs. 0.6% (49/8 243), P=0.04), myocardial infarction (2.2% (41/1 846) vs. 1.4% (114/8 243), P=0.01), and target vessel revascularization (5.0% (92/1 846) vs. 3.2% (266/8 243), P<0.01) were all significantly higher in moderate/severe calcification group than in non/mild group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that moderate/severe calcification was an independent predictor of MACE at one-year after the procedure (HR=1.41, 95%CI 1.16-1.72, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Moderate/severe calcification in coronary lesion is an independent predictor of long-term poor prognosis in coronary heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 798-805, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796613

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis between male and female patients with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) post coronary intervention, and analyse the risk factors of major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events.@*Methods@#This was a prospective single-center observational study. From January 2013 to December 2013, 4 744 patients diagnosed as PCAD and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. The general clinical data, laboratory results and interventional treatment data of all patients were collected, and patients were followed up for 2 years after PCI and the incidence of events including MACCE and bleeding was analyzed. The baseline data and clinical events of PCAD patients of different genders were compared. Survival curves were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze whether gender was an influencing factor of different clinical events of PCAD patients within 2 years after PCI, and other relevant influencing factors of MACCE and bleeding events.@*Results@#Among the 4 744 PCAD patients included, there were 3 390 (71.5%) male aged (47.0±5.4) years old and 1 354 (28.5%) female aged (57.0±5.8) years old. Compared with female patients, male patients had higher body mass index, higher proportion of hyperlipidemia, smoking, myocardial infarction, previous PCI, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, radial artery approach, intravenous ultrasound use and chronic occlusive lesions (all P<0.05). Age, left ventricular ejection fraction, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, past stroke history, non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and the use of calcium channel blockers were lower in male patients than in female patients (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of BARC type 1 hemorrhage was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients (6.9%(92/1 343) vs. 3.7%(126/3 378), P<0.001); however, the incidence of MACCE, all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization (target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization), stent thrombosis, stroke and BARC type 2-5 hemorrhage were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that gender was an independent risk factor for BARC type 1 bleeding in PCAD patients (HR=2.180, 95%CI 1.392-3.416, P<0.001), but it was not an independent risk factor for MACCE and BARC type 2-5 bleeding(all P>0.05). Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS were the independent risk factors for MACCE in PCAD patients with PCI (the HRs(95%CI) were 1.289(1.052-1.580), 1.030(1.019-1.042), 1.758(1.365-2.264), 1.264(1.040-1.537), respectively); gender (HR=1.579, 95%CI 1.085-2.297, P=0.017), hyperlipidemia (HR=1.305, 95%CI 1.005-1.695, P=0.046), anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin (HR=1.321, 95%CI 1.002-1.741, P=0.048) or sulfonate(HR=1.659, 95%CI 1.198-2.298, P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for bleeding events.@*Conclusions@#There are differences in clinical and coronary artery lesion characteristics between different genders in patients with PCAD. The incidence of minor bleeding is significantly higher in female PCAD patients than in male PCAD patients. Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS are the independent risk factors for MACCE, and gender, hyperlipidemia, anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin or sulfonate are the independent risk factors for bleeding events in patients with PCAD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 874-881, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810248

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between thrombolysis in myocardial infarction risk index(TRI) and the severity of coronary artery lesions and long-term outcome in acute myocardial infarction(AMI) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 1 663 consecutive AMI patients undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were prospectively included in this study. The severity of coronary artery lesions was evaluated using the SYNTAX score. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to analyze the optimal cut-off value of TRI on predicting all-cause mortality at 2 years after PCI.The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the optimal cut-off value of TRI:high TRI group (TRI ≥ 23.05, 465 cases) and low TRI group(TRI<23.05, 1 198 cases). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for determining the relationship between TRI and SYNTAX scores≥33. A multivariate Cox regression analyses was used to identify the influence factors of long-term outcome after PCI.@*Results@#SYNTAX score was higher in high TRI group than in low TRI group (13.00(7.00, 20.50) vs.10.25(7.00, 17.00), P<0.001). TRI was independently associated with SYNTAX score ≥ 33 (OR=1.09,95% CI 1.03-1.16, P=0.004). After the 2 years follow-up, rates of all-cause death (4.1% (19/465) vs. 0.3% (4/1 198) , P<0.001), cardiac death (2.6% (12/465) vs. 0.2% (2/1 198) , P< 0.001) and stent thrombosis (1.7% (8/465) vs. 0.5% (6/1 198) , P=0.015) were all significantly higher in high TRI group than in low TRI group. Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that TRI≥ 23.05 was an independent risk factor of all-cause death (HR=5.22, 95%CI 1.63-16.72, P=0.005), cardiac death (HR=8.48, 95%CI 1.75-41.07, P=0.008) and stent thrombosis(HR=3.87, 95%CI 1.32-11.41, P=0.014) at 2 years after PCI in AMI patients, but which was not the independent risk factor of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (HR=0.96, 95%CI 0.69-1.36, P=0.834) .The area under ROC curve of TRI ≥ 23.05 on predicting 2 years all-cause mortality in AMI patients undergoing PCI was 0.803(95%CI 0.711-0.894, P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#TRI is independently associated with SYNTAX score ≥ 33. TRI is also an independent risk factor of 2 years all-cause death, cardiac death and stent thrombosis in AMI patients undergoing PCI.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 352-358, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809946

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of direct bilirubin on long-term prognosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients post percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).@*Methods@#As a prospective and observational cohort study, a total of 6 431 consecutive ACS patients underwent PCI from January to December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to tertiles values of direct bilirubin as follows: low direct bilirubin group(<2.2 μmol/L, n=2 219), moderate direct bilirubin group(2.2-3.0 μmol/L, n=2 016), and high direct bilirubin group(>3 μmol/L, n=2 196). The clinical characteristics were compared among the 3 groups, and the impact of direct bilirubin on clinical adverse events (main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events included cardiogenic death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, and stent thrombosis) were analyzed at 2 years after PCI.@*Results@#(1) Percent of male patients was 66.5%(1 475/2 219), 78.0%(1 572/2 016), and 86.2%(1 892/2 196), body mass index was(25.7±3.1), (26.0±3.3),and (26.0±3.2) kg/m2, the ratio of the history of old myocardial infarction was 11.9%(264/2 219), 13.0%(263/2 016),and 14.9%(328/2 196), the ratio of the current smoker was 56.3%(1 249/2 219), 59.1%(1 192/2 016),and 60.0%(1 317/2 196) in low, moderate and high direct bilirubin groups respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01 or 0.05). (2) Two years after PCI, the all-cause mortality was 0.8%(17/2 219), 1.8%(36/2 016), and 1.5%(33/2 196) (P=0.011),the cardiogenic mortality was 0.5%(12/2 219), 1.3%(26/2 016), and 0.6%(13/2 196) (P=0.010),the ratio of myocardial infarction was 2.2%(49/2 219), 2.4%(49/2 016), and 1.4%(31/2 196)(P=0.044),the ratio of revascularization was 8.8%(195/2 219), 8.3%(168/2 016),and 8.9%(196/2 196)(P=0.783),the ratio of stroke was 1.4%(30/2 219),1.1%(22/2 016), and 1.9%(42/2 196)(P=0.076),the ratio of stent thrombosis was 0.9%(19/2 219), 1.2%(24/2 016),and 0.7%(15/2 196)(P=0.210) in low, moderate and high direct bilirubin groups, respectively. (3) Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that, patients in moderate direct bilirubin group faced increased the risk of all-cause mortality compared with patients in the low direct bilirubin group (HR=2.23, 95%CI 1.23-4.05, P= 0.009), and the risk of all-cause mortality was similar between high direct bilirubin group and low direct bilirubin group (HR=1.84, 95%CI 0.99-3.38, P= 0.051). There were no statistically significant difference in the risks of main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events,cardiogenic death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, and stent thrombosis in moderate and high direct bilirubin groups compared with low direct bilirubin group (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Moderate direct bilirubin level is associated with increased risk of all-cause death at 2 years after PCI compared with low level of direct bilirubin group.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 523-528, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806859

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of FIREHAWK, a novel abluminal groove-filled biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in patients with moderate-complex coronary lesions (including patients with small vessel disease, long lesion and multi vessel disease), and to validate the ability of the SYNTAX score (SS) to predict clinical outcomes in patients treated with FIREHAWK stent. @*Methods@#TARGETⅡ was a prospective, multicenter, single-arm clinical trial, a total of 730 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of de novo lesions in native coronary arteries in 24 medical centers in China from August 2011 to February 2012 were enrolled in this study. All patients were exclusively treated with the FIREHAWK stent. Clinical data including patients with diabetes, small vessel disease, long lesion and multi vessel disease were analyzed. The primary composite endpoint was the target lesion failure (TLF) of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction (TV-MI), or target lesion revascularization (TLR). The secondary composite endpoint was patient-oriented endpoint (PoCE), a composite of all death, all myocardial in farction (MI), or any repeat revascularization; definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST) (including acute, late, and very late thrombosis) . SS was calculated in lesions with stenosis more than 50% with coronary artery diameter greater than 1.5 mm. Patients were grouped by tertiles of SS (≤7, >7 to ≤12, >12). Follow-up was performed up to 5 years. @*Results@#A total of 730 patients were enrolled in the TARGET Ⅱ trial. The average SS was 10.9±6.9. 683 (93.6%) patients completed 5-year clinical follow-up. The 5-year incidence of TLF was 8.5%(58/683). The incidence of TLF components was as follows: cardiac death 2.0%(14/683), TV-MI 4.4%(30/683), TLR 3.4%(23/683). The incidence of PoCE was 16.4%(112/683). The incidence of definite/probable stent thrombosis was 0.7%(5/683).Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that the diabetes subgroup (HR=1.123, 95%CI 0.623-2.026, P=0.699), the small vessel disease subgroup (HR=0.909, 95%CI 0.526-1.570, P=0.732), the long lesion subgroup (HR=1.561, 95%CI 0.922-2.640, P=0.097), and the multi vessel disease subgroup (HR=1.062, 95%CI 0.611-1.846, P=0.830) did not increase the HR of TLF compared with the counterpart subgroups. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard of TLF was not increased in the middle and high SS groups as compared with the low SS group (HR=1.203,95%CI 0.607-2.385,P=0.597;HR=1.548,95%CI 0.829-2.892,P=0.171). @*Conclusions@#The 5 years follow-up results of TARGET Ⅱ trial shows that the biodegradable polymer of FIREHAWK stents have long-lasting safety and efficacy for patients with moderate-complex coronary lesions. SS is not the predicting factor for the occurrence of TLF in FIREHAWK treated patients with moderate-complex coronary lesions. Trial Registration Clinical Trials.gov, NCT0141264.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 187-191, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806201

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the predictive value of GRACE discharge score on the long-term out-of-hospital coronary thrombotic events (CTE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents.@*Methods@#Present study was a prospective, observational, single center study. 10 724 consecutive patients underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital between January and December 2013 were included, stents were implanted with conventional method. After PCI, patients were prescribed aspirin 100 mg once daily indefinitely, and either clopidogrel 75 mg once daily or ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily for at least 1 year. A total of 9 782 patients were included in the final analysis after excluding patients who did not undergo successful stent implantation, who were not discharged on dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT), who only underwent bare-metal stents, who experienced in-hospital major bleeding, stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction (MI) or death,and who lost follow up. Clinical data were collected from all patients. 9 543 patients with complete baseline data were further analyzed for risk stratification and predictive value of GRACE discharge score. CTE was defined as stent thrombosis or spontaneous myocardial infarction. All patients were followed through Fuwai Hospital Follow-up Center, and evaluated either by phone, letter, or clinic visits or at 1, 6, 12 and 24 months after PCI. Risk stratification was performed according to the GRACE discharge score, and the predictive value of the GRACE discharge score was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.@*Results@#After 2 years follow-up, there were 95 CTE among the 9 782 patients. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence or absence of CTE: CTE group (95 cases) and no CTE group (9 687 cases). GRACE discharge score was significantly higher in CTE group than no CTE group (82.98±27.58 vs. 75.51±22.46, t=-2.57, P=0.012). According to risk stratification of GRACE discharge score, the patients were divided into low-risk (≤88) group (n=6 902), moderate-risk (89-118) (n=2 988) and high-risk (>118) (n=343) groups. As compared to the low-risk group, CTE risk in moderate- and high-risk groups was 1.59 times (HR 1.59, 95%CI 1.01-2.52, P=0.046) and 3.89 times higher (HR 3.89, 95%CI 1.98-7.65, P<0.001), respectively. Further analysis showed that the GRACE score had predictive value in the total cohort for CTE (area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) 0.576, 95%CI 0.512-0.640, P=0.012) and in the acute coronary syndromes(ACS) subgroup for CTE: (AUROC 0.594, 95%CI 0.509-0.680, P=0.019), but not in the non-ACS subgroup: (AUROC 0.561, 95%CI 0.466-0.657, P=0.187).@*Conclusion@#GRACE discharge score can predict the long-term out-of-hospital CTE in patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents and treated with DAPT, and patients can be stratified into the low-, moderate- and high-risk groups of CTE by the GRACE discharge score.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1058-1066, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809653

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the in-hospital and long-term outcomes of patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) .@*Methods@#From January to December 2013, 10 445 consecutive patients who underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital and the LVEF value was available were prospectively included. The patients were divided into LVEF≥50% group (9 896 cases) and LVEF<50% group (549 cases) . The in-hospital and 2-year clinical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. The association between LVEF<50% and clinical outcomes was assessed using multivariable Cox regression analysis.@*Results@#(1) Compared with LVEF ≥50% group, LVEF< 50% group had higher rates of in-hospital all-cause death (1.1% (6/549) vs. 0.2% (17/9 896) , P<0.01) , cardiac death (1.1% (6/549) vs. 0.1% (12/9 896) , P<0.01) , in-stent thrombosis (0.7% (4/549) vs. 0.2% (18/9 896) , P<0.01) , myocardial infarction (2.4% (13/549) vs. 1.2% (121/9 896) , P<0.05) ,and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) which including death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, in-stent thrombosis, and stroke (3.6% (20/549) vs. 1.4% (137/9 896) , P<0.01) . (2) A total of 10 388 (99.5%) patients completed 2-year follow-up. Compared with LVEF ≥50% group, LVEF<50% group had higher rates of 2-year all-cause death (4.7% (26/549) vs. 1.0% (101/9 896) , P<0.01) , cardiac death (4.0% (22/549) vs. 0.5% (50/9 896) , P<0.01) , in-stent thrombosis (3.1% (17/549) vs. 0.7% (71/9 896) , P<0.001) , myocardial infarction (4.2% (23/549) vs. 1.9% (186/9 896) , P<0.01) ,and MACCE (17.9% (98/549) vs. 11.8% (1 172/9 896) , P<0.01) . There were no significant differences on the rates of 2-year target-vessel revascularization, bleeding and stroke between the two groups. (3) The multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that LVEF< 50% was the independent risk factor of 2-year all-cause death (HR=2.47, 95%CI 1.49-4.08, P<0.01) , cardiac death (HR=3.25, 95%CI 1.79-5.90, P<0.01) , in-stent thrombosis (HR=4.19, 95%CI 2.39-7.34, P<0.01) , myocardial infarction (HR=2.00, 95%CI 1.26-3.16, P<0.01) , and MACCE (HR=1.40, 95%CI 1.13-1.74, P<0.01) . (4) After propensity score matching, all in-hospital outcomes were similar between the two groups, including all-cause death, cardiac death, in-stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, revascularization, bleeding, stroke, and MACCE (all P>0.05) . After propensity score matching,the multivariable Cox regression analysis demonstrated that LVEF<50% was still an independent risk factor of 2-year all-cause death (HR=3.08, 95%CI 1.37-6.89, P<0.01) , cardiac death (HR= 4.12, 95%CI 1.53-11.07, P<0.01) ,and in-stent thrombosis (HR=3.82, 95%CI 1.27-11.5, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#LVEF< 50% is an independent risk factor of 2-year all-cause death, cardiac death, and in-stent thrombosis in patients undergoing PCI, but it does not increase the risk of target-vessel revascularization, bleeding or stroke.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1049-1057, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809652

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or medical therapy (MT) alone for real-world stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) patients with three-vessel disease (TVD) in mainland China.@*Methods@#A total of 8 943 consecutive cases with TVD hospitalized in our center from April 2004 to February 2011 were screened for this study. In this cohort, 3 435 cases diagnosed as SCAD were analyzed. PCI, CABG, MT alone were performed in 1 313 (38.2%), 1 259 (36.7%) and 863 (25.1%) patients, respectively. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis using nearest neighbor matching with a 1∶1 ratio was applied, and 758 pairs of CABG and PCI groups, 552 pairs of PCI and MT groups, 639 pairs of CABG and MT groups were selected, respectively. 1- and 2-year clinical outcomes were evaluated among PCI, CABG and MT group. Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariable Cox regression method were used for survival analysis.@*Results@#Significant differences were found at baseline between PCI, CABG and MT group, including age, gender, body mass index, family history of coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, previous myocardial infarction, stroke, previous revascularization, peripheral vascular disease, SNYTAX score, left ventricular ejection fraction, hemoglobin, serum creatinine, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, triglyceride and medication (all P<0.05) . All-cause death rates of 1- and 2-year follow-up of PCI, CABG and MT group were 0.6% (8/1 313), 1.1% (14/1 259), 3.4% (29/863) (P<0.001) and 1.1%(14/1 313), 1.5%(19/1 259), 7.3%(63/863) (P<0.001), respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that 1-year MACCE rate (HR=0.51, 95%CI 0.33-0.77, P=0.001) was significantly reduced, due to the significant decrease of myocardial infarction (MI) rate (HR=0.09, 95%CI 0.01-0.76, P=0.027) and repeat revascularization rate (HR=0.21, 95%CI 0.10-0.41, P<0.001) in CABG group compared to PCI group, while all-cause death (HR=1.21, 95%CI 0.48-3.00, P=0.69) and stroke rate (HR=2.31, 95%CI 0.82-6.47, P=0.112) were similar between 2 groups. 2-year outcome showed CABG was associated with higher stroke rate (HR=2.20, 95%CI 1.06-4.55, P=0.034) and lower MI (HR=0.19, 95%CI 0.06-0.59, P=0.004) and repeat revascularization rate (HR=0.22, 95%CI 0.13-0.37, P<0.001), and lower MACCE rate (HR=0.49, 95%CI 0.36-0.68, P<0.001). Compared to MT group, 2-year all-cause death (HR=0.22, 95%CI 0.12-0.42, P<0.001) and MACCE rate (HR=0.63, 95%CI 0.47-0.83, P=0.001) were lower in PCI group, while 2-year all-cause death (HR=0.21, 95%CI 0.13-0.37, P<0.001), MACCE (HR=0.31, 95%CI 0.23-0.42, P<0.001), MI (HR=0.19, 95%CI 0.06-0.60, P=0.004) and repeat revascularization rate (HR=0.24, 95%CI 0.13-0.41, P<0.001) were lower in CABG group. Results of multivariate Cox regression analysis after PSM were consistent with above results.@*Conclusion@#For SCAD patients with TVD, CABG shows better effectiveness by reducing MI and revascularization risk as compared to PCI, even though stroke risk is somehow higher in CABG patients. Patients received MT alone are associated with worse outcomes than those undergoing revascularization strategies.

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Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 862-866, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809386

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between platelet distribution width(PDW) and the extent of coronary artery disease and 2-year outcome in patients received percutaneous coronary artery intervention(PCI) because of stable coronary artery disease(SCAD).@*Methods@#We consecutively enrolled 4 293 patients who received PCI because of SCAD in Fuwai Hospital from Jan 2013 to Dec 2013, patients were followed up for 2 years. Patients were divided into three groups according to tertiles values of PDW as follows: PDW≤11.4%(1 402 patients), 11.4%<PDW≤12.9%(1 441 patients) and PDW>12.9% (1 450 patients). Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were defined as the occurrence of death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, intra stent thrombosis and stroke during follow-up. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between PDW and the extent of CAD. Multivariable Cox regression was used to evaluate the relationship between PDW and prognosis of SCAD patients.@*Results@#PDW was associated with diabetes mellitus, body mass index, red cell distribution width, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet counts and glycosylated haemoglobin (P<0.05), but not associated with age, sex, estimated glomerular filtration rate (P>0.05). PDW was not correlated with the extent of CAD(P=0.990), SYNTAX score(P=0.721), no-reflow phenomenon after PCI(P=0.978). Multivariable logistic regression also showed no relationship between PDW and extent of CAD (OR=0.994, 95%CI 0.961-1.029, P=0.73). PDW was found to be an independent risk factor of 2-year cardiac death (HR=1.242, 95%CI 1.031-1.497, P=0.022), but was not an independent risk factor of all-cause death and MACCE.@*Conclusions@#PDW is not related with the extent of coronary artery disease. PDW is an independent risk factor of 2-year cardiac death, but is not an independent risk factor of all-cause death and MACCE in this patient cohort.

15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 572-578, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808990

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the impact and clinical outcome of intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP) use in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients undergoing PCI were enrolled.After 2 years′ follow-up, the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events such as death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, revascularization, recurrent stroke were recorded, propensity score was used to match baseline data, and the clinical outcomes in patients with IABP and non-IABP were compared.@*Results@#The overall use of IABP was 1.3%(143/10 724), clinical and angiographic risks were significantly higher in IABP group than non-IABP group.The rate of cardiac shock was significantly higher (9.8%(14/143) vs. 0.2%(16/10 581), P<0.01) and left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly lower (54.3%±11.0% vs. 62.9%±7.2%, P<0.01) in the IABP group than in the non-IABP group.Patients in IABP group had a significantly higher rate of left main or triple-vessel disease (P<0.01), and their SYNTAX score, target lesion number, stent number were also significantly higher compared with non-IABP patients (all P<0.01). During the 2-year follow-up, all-cause mortality was significantly higher in IABP group than in non-IABP group (10.5%(15/142) vs. 1.1%(116/10 581), P<0.001). Multivariable analyses indicated that IABP was associated with increased mortality (HR=3.51, 95%CI 1.71-7.17, P=0.001). However, after propensity score matched analyses (137 pairs), IABP use was no longer an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (HR=2.09, 95%CI 0.72-6.13, P=0.177).@*Conclusions@#In this single large center of coronary heart disease in China, the IABP usage was about 1.3%.Propensity score matched analyses showed that during the 2 years′ follow-up, adverse effect including similar long-term mortality is similar between PCI patients with or without IABP after adjusting for confounders.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 559-565, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808988

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of previous coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) on long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10 724 consecutive coronary heart disease patients undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were prospectively included in this research. According to CABG history, the patients were divided into CABG group(437 cases) and without CABG group(10 287 cases). The patients were followed up for 2 years. Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) including death, myocardial infarction, revascularization and stroke, and in-stent thrombosis following PCI were compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors of poor prognosis.@*Results@#Compared with without CABG group, CABG group were older((61±10)years vs.(58±10)years, P<0.001), and more often had diabetes(35.7%(156/437) vs. 30.0%(3 082/10 287), P=0.012), hyperlipoidemia(73.9%(323/437) vs. 67.0%(6 888/10 287), P=0.003), previous myocardial infarction(31.1%(136/437) vs. 18.7%(1 925/10 287), P<0.001), PCI history(61.6%(269/437) vs. 23.0%(2 371/10 287), P<0.001), and cerebrovascular disease(7.1%(31/437) vs. 10.9%(1 119/10 287), P=0.013). After 2 years follow-up, rates of cardiac death(1.8%(8/437) vs. 0.6%(66/10 287), P=0.010), revascularization(11.2%(49/437) vs. 8.5%(877/10 287), P=0.049) and MACCE(15.1%(66/437) vs. 12.0%(1 231/10 287), P=0.049) were significantly higher in CABG patients than in without CABG group. There were no significant difference in all cause death(2.1%(9/437) vs. 1.2%(122/10 287), P=0.114), recurrence of myocardial infarction(2.3%(10/437) vs. 2.0%(204/10 287), P=0.600), stroke(1.1%(5/437) vs. 1.4%(140/10 287), P=0.701), and in-stent thrombosis(1.1%(5/437) vs. 0.6%(61/10 287), P=0.194). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that previous CABG was an independent risk factor of cardiac death(HR=2.13, 95%CI 1.02-4.46, P=0.045)and revascularization(HR=1.35, 95%CI 1.01-1.81, P=0.040). However, after propensity score matched analyses(429 pairs), previous CABG was no longer an independent risk factor of cardiac mortality (HR=0.97, 95% CI 0.37-2.54, P=0.954)and revascularization(HR=1.74, 95%CI 0.94-3.21, P=0.753).@*Conclusion@#Previous CABG is not an independent risk factor of poor prognosis in coronary heart disease patients undergoing PCI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 116-120, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808164

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of CYP2C19 genetic variants on antiplatelet therapy in Chinese patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), and compare the antiplatelet effect between clopidogrel and ticagrelor with various CYP2C19 genotypes.@*Methods@#From June 2014 to May 2015, 347 patients with AMI who underwent PCI treatment at Fuwai Hospital were enrolled in this single center prospective study, 221 cases were in clopidogrel group and 126 patients were in ticagrelor group.Two candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (636 and 681 loci) of CYP2C19 gene were detected by polymerase chain reaction—restriction endonuclease method.Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation was measured by thromboelastography (TEG) at 24-48 hours after primary PCI.@*Results@#There were 93 non-carriers (42.1%, 93/221), and 128 carriers (57.9%, 128/221) in clopidogrel group. There were 48 non-carriers (38.1%, 48/126), 78 carriers (61.9%, 78/126) in ticagrelor group. CYP2C19 genotype frequency was similar between two groups. TEGADP was significantly lower in clopidogrel group than in ticagrelor group (63.08±27.78 vs. 78.08±25.62, P<0.001), both for non-carriers (68.16±25.17 vs. 82.79±22.45, P=0.002) and for carriers (59.37±29.06 vs. 75.15±27.15, P<0.001). TEGADP was significantly higher in non-carriers than in carriers in clopidogrel group (P=0.02) and similar between non-carriers and carriers in ticagrelor group (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The CYP2C19 gene mutation is high in the patients with AMI.The effect of antiplatelet of ticagrelor is stronger than clopidogrel, and this effect is not affected by CYP2C19 gene mutations.

18.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 348-352, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513730

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of body mass index (BMI) on long-term prognosis in patients of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 1435 consecutive STEMI patients received PCI in our hospital from 2013-01 to 2013-12 were enrolled. Based BMI (kg/m2), the patients were divided into 3 groups: Normal weight group, the patients with 18.5≤BMI<24.0, n=365, Overweight group, 24.0≤BMI<28.0, n=718 and Obese group, BMI≥28.0, n=352. The impact of BMI on major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) was observed; weather BMI had predictive value for all-cause mortality and cardiac death was analyzed. Results: All-cause mortality in Obese group was lower than Normal weight group (0.6% vs 3.0%), P=0.027; while the incidences of bleeding, stroke, in-stent thrombosis, blood revascularization, re-myocardial infarction and cardiac death were similar among 3 groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that obesity was an independent predictor for all-cause death (HR=0.201, 95% CI 0.043-0.943, P=0.042), BMI was not the independent predictor for cardiac death. Conclusion: For STEMI patients after PCI treatment, the individuals with obesity had the better prognosis than those with normal weight and overweight. Obesity was an independent predictor for all-cause death and obesity paradox was applicable in such population.

19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 644-648, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497271

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore aspirin resistance (AR) phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) for secondary prevention and to study the relationships between AR and COX1, COX2, TBXA2R gene polymorphisms. Methods: A total of 2881 CAD patients taken aspirin (100 mg/day) in 7 consecutive days were enrolled. Among them, 2 groups were established as AR group, n=166 and Control group, n=200 aspirin sensitive patients. Platelet aggregation function was induced by arachidonic acid (AA), COX1, COX2 and TBXA2R gene polymorphisms were examined by polymerase chain reaction-restricted fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) method. Results: The occurrence rate of AR was 5.76% (166/2881). There were 8 tagSNPs locus in 3 genes as in COX1:(rs3842788), (rs4273915), (rs7866582); in: COX2 (rs3218625); in TBXA2R: (rs2238630), (rs2238631), (rs2238633), (rs3786989). The frequencies of wild type, heterozygous genotype and homozygous genotype were similar between 2 groups. Conclusion: The incidence rate of AR is not high in CHD patients with regular aspirin medication; single nucleotide gene polymorphisms of COX1, COX2 and TBXA2R have no obvious correlation to AR.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 26-30, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association between perioperative bleeding post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and 1 year adverse cardiovascular events in elderly patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2006 to August 2011, 1 105 elderly ( ≥ 75 years) patients undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were prospectively included. Patients were divided into peri-procedure bleeding group (n = 153) and no bleeding group (n = 952). Cox proportional hazards model was performed to evaluate the independent effect of bleeding on the composite endpoint of death and myocardial infarction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BARC 2 grade bleeding occurred in 9.5% (105/1 105) patients. The rate of BARC ≥ 2 grade bleeding was 11.8% (130/1 105) , and the access site-related bleeding accounted for 62.7% (96/153) of all bleeding. The composite endpoint of 1 year death and myocardial infarction was higher in bleeding group (9.2% (14/153) vs. 4.2% (40/952), P = 0.008) . The 1 year cardiac death was higher in bleeding group (3.9% (6/153) vs. 0.8% (8/952), P = 0.007), but the rate of non-cardiac death was similar between bleeding group and no bleeding group (P = 0.360). Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed that HR of 1 year death and myocardial infarction in BARC ≥ 2 grade bleeding patients was 2.368 (95%CI:1.201-4.669, P = 0.013) compared with no bleeding patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Perioperative bleeding post PCI is an independent predictor of 1 year adverse outcomes in elderly patients( ≥ 75 years).</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Hemorrhage , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
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