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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 707-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between red blood cell distribution width(RDW)and short-term mortality in elderly patients with hip fragility fractures.Methods:The clinical data and blood routine test at admission of 205 elderly patients with brittle hip fractures who were admitted to our hospital from 2020 to 2021 and were followed up for one year were retrospectively analyzed.The comorbid conditions, RDW and cumulative mortality at 6 months and 1 year after fractures were counted, and the relationship between RDW and short-term mortality were analyzed.Results:The 6-month(6.7% and 20.8%, χ2=8.591, P=0.003)and 1-year(6.7% and 26.7%, χ2=14.818, P<0.001)mortality of patients with ≤1 comorbidity were significantly lower than those of patients with ≥2 comorbidities.Moreover, the 6-month and 1-year mortality in patients with RDW>13.5% were significantly higher than those of patients with RDW ≤ 13.5%.The proportion of RDW>13.5 % in patients with at least two comorbidities was significantly higher than that in patients with ≤1 comorbidity.Taking RDW=13.6% as the cut-off value of 6-month and 1-year mortality, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting 6-month mortality were 71.4 % and 59.9 %, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity for predicting 1-year mortality were 64.7 % and 59.6 %, respectively. Conclusions:Red cell distribution width is associated with short-term mortality, and higher RDW is associated with a higher risk of mortality among elderly patients with brittle hip fractures.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 872-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the preoperative and postoperative color Doppler ultrasonographic features of Abernethy malformation in children, and to investigate the value of ultrasound diagnosis of Abernethy malformation and postoperative complications.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical and ultrasound data of twelve cases of Abernethy malformation confirmed by surgical treatment in the General Surgery Department of the Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from February 2017 to November 2021. A comparison was made between preoperative ultrasound and intraoperative portal vein angiography after shunt ligation to explore the accuracy of preoperative ultrasound in diagnosing Abernethy malformation; The common location of thrombosis after shunt ligation was summarized by comparing postoperative ultrasound with CT angiography.Results:Preoperative ultrasonography showed no main portal vein or cable shape in 9 cases, and they were diagnosed as probable Abernethy type Ⅰ; The main portal vein was narrow in 3 cases, and they were diagnosed as Abernethy type Ⅱ. The main portal veins of 11 case were developing and they were confirmed as Abernethy malformation type Ⅱ by portal vein angiography after blocking of portosystemic shunt; the main portal vein of 1 case was not developing which was confirmed as Abernethy type Ⅰ. The classification accuracy of preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of Abernethy malformation was 33.3%. Preoperative ultrasound diagnosis of shunt vessel location: the coarse inferior mesenteric veins of 7 cases flowed into the iliac vein, the coarse inferior mesenteric vein of 1 case flowed into the inferior vena cava, splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein converged and flowed into inferior vena cava in 2 cases, splenic vein and left renal vein communicated in 2 cases. The location of shunt vessels diagnosed by portal vein X-ray angiography was basically consistent with preoperative ultrasonography. At the same time, inferior mesenteric vein shunt combined with tortuous and dilated vein network on colorectal surface was observed. After ligation of shunt vessels, all of shunt vessels were occluded or thrombolized in varying degrees.Splenic vein retropancreatic segment of three cases occured secondary thrombosis, and one case of blocked portal vein occured secondary cavernous change. All the thrombi were confirmed by CT angiography.Conclusions:①The main portal vein of Abernethy malformation type Ⅱ is tenuous, and is easily misdiagnosed Abernethy malformation type Ⅰ by preoperative ultrasound examination; ②Preoperative ultrasound can determine the location of Abernethy malformed shunt vessels; ③The shunt between the inferior mesenteric vein-iliac vein/inferior vena cava should be emphatically explored in children with recurrent hematochezia; ④Postoperative ultrasound can detect portal vein thrombosis early and provide help for clinical anticoagulant therapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 792-796, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of surgical ligation in the treatment of congenital extra-hepatic portosystemic shunt (Abernethy malformation) in children.Methods:Among the 12 children with Abernethy malformation admitted at our hospital, 9 cases for blood stools, 2 cases for elevated transaminase level and jaundice, and 1 case for hypoxemia. Intraoperatively, if portal pressure was ≤ 26 cm H 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa) after clamping the shunt, than the shunt was ligated, when>26 cm H 2O, the portosystemic shunt was partially ligated and the shunt was completely ligated in a two stage. All patients were followed up for 5-70 months (mean: 35.2 months). Results:Six cases underwent the one stage ligation of portosystemic shunt, five cases underwent the two stage ligation and one case with partial ligation of portosystemic shunt. The symptoms of hematochezia relieved in 9 cases. The levels of blood bilirubin and transaminase returned to normal after operation in 2 cases with increased transaminase. The oxygen saturation returned to normal in 1 case with hypoxemia.Conclusion:The surgical ligation of portosystemic shunt is an effective method to treat type Ⅱ Abernethy malformation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 920-924, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700647

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of problem-based learning (PBL) teaching model in breast cancer medical imaging education based on multidisciplinary treatment (MDT). Methods The PBL teaching practice of breast cancer imaging based on MDT was carried out in the 192 clinical medicine students in Grade 2014 of Guangzhou Medical University. The students were randomly divided into four groups (group A, B, C and D) and each group was further divided into 1 to 5 teams, with 9 to 11 students in each team. The MDT teaching team consisted of clinical physicians in medical imaging, radiation oncology, surgery (specialized in breast tumor), and other disciplines. The formative assessment method was used to evaluate the teaching effects and the problems involved wereanalyzed. Results Firstly, with a full score of 100 points, the quantitative evaluation of each teaching team on the performance of students in PBL were (86.6±7.8), (87.1±8.1), (83.9±6.5), (88.1±4.5), and (85.1±8.2), respectively. No significant difference was found among each tutor team’s quantitative evaluation (F=1.014, P=0.388). Secondly, the whole posi-tive evaluation rate of students for tutors was 96.28%, with the highest and lowest positive rates as 98.36% and 94.08%, respectively. Significant difference was found among parts of the tutors ( χ2=10.554, P=0.032), specifically between team 1 and 5 (Z=2.245,P=0.025), 3 and 4 (Z=2.217,P=0.027) and 3 and 5 (Z=2.761,P=0.006) respectively. Lastly, the positive and negative evaluation rates of student's self-assessment were 87.33% and 12.67% respectively. Conclusion The effects of PBL based on MDT in breast cancer imaging teaching practice is encouraging, and the formative assessment method can objectively and effectively evalu-ate the effects of this kind of teaching model. However, the standards of evaluation still need to be further perfected and improved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 741-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662672

ABSTRACT

After the stratification of the normal glucose tolerance, the changes of insulin resistance and βcell function in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus were investigated. A retrospective analysis on data of 275 cases with oral glucose insulin releasing tests. The area under the insulin curve (AUCINS ) 108. 43 mU/ L was taken as the critical value of diagnosis. Normal glucose tolerance subjects were divided into the NGT-a group(AUCINS<108. 43 mU/ L) and the NGT-b group(AUCINS≥108. 43 mU/ L). The plasma glucose, insulin, insulin sensitivity, and β cell function were compared among the 4 groups: NGT-a group (n=96), NGT-b group (n=49), prediabetes group (n=71), and type 2 diabetes mellitus group ( n = 59). Among the fasting insulin, 2 h insulin, AUCINS , early-phase insulin secretion index(△I30 / △G30), the ratio of total insulin area under curve, and total glucose area under curve, disposition index, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, and Matsuda insulin sensitivity index, the relationship as follows: NGT-b group>prediabetes group>NGT-a group>type 2 diabetes mellitus group. The NGT-b group was always the highest, prediabetes group was lower, NGT-a group and type 2 diabetes mellitus group were the lowest, there were significant differences (all P<0. 05). Making the NGT-a group as the basic state, in the NGT-b group, β cell function has begun to appear compensation and insulin resistance, and β cell function compensation reached the peak, the β cell function in the prediabetes group was beginning to compensate for the deficiency, the function of β cell in type 2 diabetes mellitus group decreased further. These findings suggest that the development process of type 2 diabetes mellitus could be the following four stages according to the function of β cell: β cell function normal, β cell functional compensation, β cell function loss of compensation, and finally β cell function failure.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 741-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660520

ABSTRACT

After the stratification of the normal glucose tolerance, the changes of insulin resistance and βcell function in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus were investigated. A retrospective analysis on data of 275 cases with oral glucose insulin releasing tests. The area under the insulin curve (AUCINS ) 108. 43 mU/ L was taken as the critical value of diagnosis. Normal glucose tolerance subjects were divided into the NGT-a group(AUCINS<108. 43 mU/ L) and the NGT-b group(AUCINS≥108. 43 mU/ L). The plasma glucose, insulin, insulin sensitivity, and β cell function were compared among the 4 groups: NGT-a group (n=96), NGT-b group (n=49), prediabetes group (n=71), and type 2 diabetes mellitus group ( n = 59). Among the fasting insulin, 2 h insulin, AUCINS , early-phase insulin secretion index(△I30 / △G30), the ratio of total insulin area under curve, and total glucose area under curve, disposition index, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance, and Matsuda insulin sensitivity index, the relationship as follows: NGT-b group>prediabetes group>NGT-a group>type 2 diabetes mellitus group. The NGT-b group was always the highest, prediabetes group was lower, NGT-a group and type 2 diabetes mellitus group were the lowest, there were significant differences (all P<0. 05). Making the NGT-a group as the basic state, in the NGT-b group, β cell function has begun to appear compensation and insulin resistance, and β cell function compensation reached the peak, the β cell function in the prediabetes group was beginning to compensate for the deficiency, the function of β cell in type 2 diabetes mellitus group decreased further. These findings suggest that the development process of type 2 diabetes mellitus could be the following four stages according to the function of β cell: β cell function normal, β cell functional compensation, β cell function loss of compensation, and finally β cell function failure.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 713-717, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497978

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical features,treatment methods,and prognostic factors for early primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data,treatment outcomes,and survival of 32 patients with early pulmonary MALT lymphoma from March 2001 to September 2013.The median age of those patients was 56 years.Twenty-three patients had stage ⅠE disease and nine had stage Ⅱ E disease.According to the marginal zone B-cell lymphoma prognostic index (MZLPI),twenty-three patients were scored as 0 and nine as 1.Nine patients received radiotherapy,eight patients underwent surgery alone,three patients underwent surgery plus chemotherapy,and twelve patients received chemotherapy alone.The Kaplan-Meier method was adapted for calculating the OS,PFS and the log-rank test was used for survival difference analysis and univariate prognostic analysis.Results The 5-year sample size was 22.The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 84.5% and 73.2%,respectively.Radiotherapy yielded an overall response rate of 100%,including a complete response rate of 66.7% and a partial response rate of 33.3%.The univariate analysis showed that non-radiotherapy treatment was a prognostic factor for poor PFS.The patients treated with radiotherapy had significantly higher 5-year PFS rates than those treated without radiotherapy (100% vs.63.0%,P=0.029),while there was no significant difference in 5-year OS rate between these two groups (100% vs.78.8%,P=0.129).Age older than 60 years,an ECOG score of 2,and an MZLPI score of 1 were prognostic factors for poor PFS (P=0.041,0.018,and 0.044) and OS (P=0.001,0.001,and 0.003).Conclusions The prognostic factors for early pulmonary MALT lymphoma include age,ECOG score,and MZLPI score.Low-dose involved-field radiotherapy (24-30 Gy) can improve local control and survival.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 239-243, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466283

ABSTRACT

Objective The Rex shunt has been used to treat children with extrahepatic portal hypertension by creating a venous bypass between the superior mesenteric vein and the left portal vein to circumvent the extrahepatic portal venous obstruction.This retrospective study aimed to analyse our results in the use of this novel approach.Methods 52 patients with cavernous transformation and obstructed main portal veins were treated by Rex shunts.Results The age of children was 1.4 ~ 12 year,the mean age was 3.7 years.The patients were followed up from 1.5 to 5 years.In 48 patients,there was no recurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding after surgery making an efficacy rate of 92.3%.In the recurrence group,the postoperative venous pressure in the superior mesenteric vein was (27.6 ± 3.2) cmH2O (1 cmH2O =0.098kPa) which was significantly higher than the non-recurrence group (23.5 ± 3.1)cmH2O.The difference between the pre-and post-Rex shunting was significantly lower in the recurrence group (5.7 ± 1.8)cmH2O than the non-recurrence group (11.7 ± 3.3) cmH2 O,P < 0.05.Thus,a low reduction in postoperative pressure was an early manifestation of poor prognosis.Conclusions The Rex shunt was safe and efficacious.The degree of reduction in postoperative venous pressure in the superior mesenteric vein could be used to predict recurrence of gastrointestinal bleeding.

10.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12): 1075-1079, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485023

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of laparoscopic splenic artery ligation in the treatment of hypersplenism and thrombocytopenia in children. Methods From August 2014 to December 2014, four children with hypersplenism and three children with ITP (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura) were treated in our hospital.Laparoscopic splenic artery ligation was performed in all the patients.During the operation, the gastric colon ligament was cut with an ultrasonic knife, and the gastric wall was suspended to expose the pancreas and the spleen.The splenic artery was ligated at the upper edge of pancreas closing to the splenic hilum.The splenic venous branches were dissected and ligated at the splenic hilum by using the Hem-o-lok, which leaded to an area of splenic infarction more than 50%. Results The laparoscopic splenic artery ligation was successfully performed in all the patients, without conversion to open surgery.The operative time was 120-150 min ( mean, 126 min) , and the intraoperative blood loss was 10-20 ml ( mean, 15 ml) .No patient underwent blood transfusion.The length of postoperative hospital stay varied from 4 to 11 days (mean, 6.6 days).The splenic length significantly decreased postoperatively [(13.6 ±2.6) cm vs.(15.1 ±1.7) cm, t=3.199, P=0.049], and so was the splenic thickness [(3.8 ±1.0) cm vs.(4.1 ±0.8) cm, t =3.703, P=0.034].Partial splenic infarction and decreased splenic blood flow were found in the 7 patients by postoperative ultrasound.After surgery, four children suffered from fever, which were 38.8 ℃, 39.0 ℃, 38.6 ℃, and 39.2 ℃, with the duration of fever of 2, 4, 8, and 5 days, respectively.All the patients were followed-up for 6 -10 months (mean, 8.4 months).The complete blood cell count was within normal range. Conclusion The laparoscopic splenic artery ligation is an effective treatment for hypersplenism and thrombocytopenia in children.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 778-780, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478851

ABSTRACT

[Summary] The high-risk subjects of type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) in normal glucose tolerance ( NGT) were screened. The subjects with NGT at baseline were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups according to the diagnostic threshold of insulin area under the curve ( AUCINS ) 108. 43 mU/L. The incidence of prediabetes and/or T2DM was significantly increased in high risk group in comparison with low risk group ( 29. 41 vs 2. 21%, P<0. 01). The result suggests that the diagnosis threshold for AUCINS≥108. 43 mU/L can be used to screen the high-risk subjects of T2DM in NGT.

12.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 652-654, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477793

ABSTRACT

With the roaring development of bioscience and its application in medicine, molecular diagnosis specially gene diagnosis shows striking advantages in disease diagnosis, treatment and prognostic assessment.Mo-lecular diagnosis mainly includes prenatal genes diagnosis the children of gene diagnosis and adult genetic diagno-sis.Molecular diagnosis is expounded from the aspects of medical practice in the field of medical ethics problem and how to correct the medical practice of molecular diagnosis of work, designed to guide all the medical workers to form the correct ethics in the field of molecular diagnostics.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 385-389, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466364

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect apoptosis of transplanted lung adenocarcinoma cells in nude mice after 125I brachytherapy by 99Tcm-Annexin V combined with diffusion weighted MRI (MR-DWI).Methods Twenty-five BALB/c-nu nude mice models subcutaneously transplanted with A549 cells were divided into experimental group (EG,n=13) and control group (CG,n=12) by random number table method.One 125I seed with apparent activity of (24.8±6.3) MBq was implanted into each mouse in EG,while CG underwent cold seed implantation.Both of 99Tcm-Annexin V imaging and MR-DWI were performed within 7-10 d after brachytherapy,then all mice were sacrificed and tumor cell apoptosis was detected by terminal oxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) immunofluorescence,Survivin expression was assayed by SP.Two-sample t test,x2 test and Pearson correlation analysis were used for data analysis.Results Positive rate of cell apoptosis by 99Tcm-Annexin V imaging was 69.2%(9/13) and 8.3%(1/12) respectively in EG and CG (x2 =12.73,P<0.01).The uptake ratio of 99Tcm-Annexin V,apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC) value and apoptosis index(M) of the tumor in EG were 2.91±0.85,(2.03±0.44)×10-3 mm2/s and (49± 18) %,respectively,which were significantly higher than those of CG (1.26 ± 0.37,(1.29 ± 0.21) ×10-3 mm2/s and (11±4)% respectively,t=5.930,5.452,7.606,all P<0.05).Survivin expression in EG and CG was (46± 13) % and (15±7) % respectively (t =5.158,P<0.05).The value of ADC was correlated with AI and uptake ratio(r=0.756,0.788,both P<0.05).Uptake ratio was correlated with AI (r=0.754,P<0.05),while Survivin expression was negatively correlated with AI (r =-0.772,P<0.05).Conclusions Down-regulation of Survivin expression may play an important role in apoptosis induced by 125I brachytherapy.99Tcm-Annexin V combined with MR-DWI could effectively evaluate apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma cells in a non-invasive way,thus it might be helpful in evaluation of early efficacy of 125I brachytherapy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 89-93, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432186

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between molecular subtypes of breast cancer and postoperative loco-regional recurrence (LR) in early breast cancer patients with 1-3 positive axillary lymph nodes (pN1) and to improve the individualized indications for post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT)in these patients.Methods A total of 547 patients with pT1-2 N1M0 breast cancer,who received mastectomy between December 1998 and December 2009 in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center,were retrospectively analyzed.None of them received adjuvant radiotherapy after mastectomy.The patients were divided into luminal A group,luminal B group,HER-2-overexpressing group,and triple-negative group according to the molecular subtypes of breast cancer determined by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization.The patients in different groups were compared in terms of LR rate (LRR) and LR-free survival (LRFS),and the risk factors for LR were analyzed in combination with clinical and pathological features.The Kaplan-Meier method was adopted to calculate LRR and LRFS;the Logrank test was used for survival difference analysis and univariate prognostic analysis.The Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.Results The luminal A group,luminal B group,HER-2-overexpressing group,and triple-negative group accounted for 30.0%,48.6%,9.3%,and 12.1%,respectively,of all the patients.The follow-up rate was 97.1% ;334 patients were followed up for at least 5 years,and 127 were followed up for at least 10 years.Univariate analysis showed that,compared with the luminal A group,the HER-2-overexpressing group and triple-negative group had significantly higher 5-year LRRs (19.0% vs 5.3%,x2 =4.28,P =0.026; 14.9% vs 5.3%,x2 =5.02,P =0.015) and significantly lower LRFSs (73.5% vs 91.1%,x2=7.27,P=0.005;80.6% vs 91.1%,x2=4.77,P=0.021).Multivariate analysis revealed that HER-2 overexpression,triple-negative phenotype,age of ≤ 35 years,and stage pT2 were poor prognostic factors for survival (LRR and LRFS) (x2 =2.29,2.08,18.22,and 6.86,P =0.020,0.016,0.001,and 0.005;x2 =1.90,1.41,8.58,and 3.94,P=0.006,0.025,0.002,and 0.039).The 10-year LRRs of patients with 0,1,and ≥2 of the above risk factors were 4.3%,14.1%,and 31.9%,respectively (x2 =28.03,P =0.000).Conclusions Molecular subtyping is helpful for individualized evaluation of LR risk in early breast cancer patients with 1-3 positive axillary lymph nodes (pN1).PMRT should be recommended for the patients with 2 or more risk factors for LR.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 600-604, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429227

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the central nervous system mechanisms of active of movement switch in the patients with Tourette' s syndrome( TS),and to explore the possible underlying distinct neural networks for tic trigger and generation. Methods Participants were 14 patients with TS and 14 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers with no history of physical,psychiatric or neurological disease: All patients were assessed with functional magnetic resonances imaging (fMRI)of the brain during the intermittent performance of finger-tapping switch tasks,Blood-oxygen-level dependent-fMRI was performed using a 3.0 Tesla MR.The area over which the activation was distributed was calculated,and the activation volumes were also compared between the patients with TS and the control subjects.ResultsThe regions activated in the patients with TS and in the volunteers were similar in several brain regions,including contralateral precentral and postcentral gyrus,contralateral mesia pre-front gyrus,contralateral cingulate gyrus,contralateral insula and ipsilataral cerebellum. There were also many different activation areas between the patients and the control subjects. The patients with TS demonstrated more significant and extended activation in the contralateral pre- and postcentral gyrus than the healthy volunteers.The volume of the left pre- and postcentral gyrus of the TS patients was (8.024 ±0.071 ) cm3,while the volume of the left pre-and postcentral gyrus of the control subjects was ( 6.480 ± 0.026) cm3 ( t =3.026,P < 0.01 ) ; The volume of the right pre- and postcentral gyrus was (6.192 ± 0.019) cm3 in the TS cases,while there was (5.608 ±0.037) cm3 in the control subjects (t =2.752,P <0.05).There were significant differences in the volumes of bilateral pre- and postcetral gyrus between the TS and control subjects. The activations of conralateral thalamus without contralateral insula were found in the patients with TS. Conversely, the contralateral insula activation without thalamus activation could be found in the healthy volunteers.ConclusionThe thalamus might play an important role in the aetiological and physiopathologic mechanisms of the TS. The thalamus along with the parietal cortex,cingulate cortex and insular cortex appear to constitute a distinct neural network for tic trigger and generation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 392-395, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428993

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of the putamen metabolites with magnetic resonance spectrum(MRS),and to explore possible underlying unrecongnised aetiological factor and pathophysiology mechanism in the central nervous system of the patients with Tourette' s syndrome.Methods Twenty-two cases of Tourette' s syndrome,and twenty-two gender and age-matched subjects ( the control subjects ) were performed on a clinical 3.0 T MRI system.Proton prob-voxel spectroscopy imaging (1H-MRS) was obtained from two sides of the putamen.The metabolites included N-acetylaspartate (NAA),creatine and phosphocreatine ( Cr),choline-containing compounds (Cho),and myoinositol ( MI ).The value of the NAA,Cr,Cho,and MI were calculated by integration of their peaks.The ratios of NAA/Cr,Cho/Cr,ML/Cr were calculated respectively.Repeated measures analysis of variance ( ANOVA ) was used to test both the value of NAA/Cr,Cho/Cr,MI/Cr of the putamen for group difference,with group as between-subjects factor and side as within-subjects factor.Results The NAA/Cr ratio in patients ( left:1.29 ± 0.13 ; right:1.34 + 0.15 ) was significantly lower than that in the control subjects ( left:1.50 ± 0.08,T =1.962,P <0.05 ; right:1.52 ± 0.11,T =1.865,P < 0.05 ).There was no significant difference in the Cho/Cr and MI/Cr ratio between both groups.Conclusion The abnormalities of the structure and(or) function in the putamens of patients may be the one of the underlying anaetiological factors and pathophysiology mechanisms of the Tourette' s syndrome.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 298-301, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427079

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the efficacy and side-effects in locally recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and two-dimensional conventional radiotherapy (2DCRT).MethodsAmong the 292 newly diagnosed,nonmetastatic recurrent NPC,211were treated with IMRT and 81 with 2DCRT.All patients were staged according to the seventh edition of the UICC 2009 staging system.Kaplan-Meier and Logrank methods were used for survival analysis.A Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine prognostic factors.ResultsThe follow-up rate was 91.8%,there are 38 patients in 2DCRT and 106 patients in IMRT group was followed more than 3 years.There were significant differences in the 3-year actuarial overall survival (OS) rate ( 36.9% and 51.3%,x2 =8.44,P =0.004) and local progression-free survival (LRFS) rate (63.3% and 86.0%,x2 =13.83,P =0.000),and no significant differences in actuarial distant metastasis free survival rates (79.0% and 83.5%,x2 =0.25,P=0.618 ) between the 2DCRT group and the IMRT group.Multivariate analysis showed that T category and IMRT ( yes vs.no) were the independently prognostic factors for OS and LRFS ( x2 =9.51,5.20,P =0.002,0.023 and x2 =4.84,9.24,P =0.027,0.002 ).The incidence of grade 3and4 trismus and radiation-induced encephalopathy were 19.9%,8.1% for the IMRT group and 43.2%,24.7% for the 2DCRT group ( x2 =16.37,P =0.000 and x2 =14.64,P =0.000).Whereas,severe mucosa necrosis and/or massive hemorrhage in the nasopharynx was observed in IMRT group which was not common in 2DCRT (33.2%∶7.4%,x2 =20.19,P=0.000).ConclusionsHigher local tumor control and overall survival were achieved by IMRT than 2DCRT,the incidence of severe trismus and radiation-induced encephalopathy was also reduced by IMRT,in cost of a higher incidence of mucosa necrosis and/or massive hemorrhage in the nasopharynx.

18.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 297-300, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472090

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the causes of hepatic perfusion disorders (HPD), and to analysis the CT features of this phenomenon. Methods Nine experimental pigs were randomly divided into three groups. In Group A, B and C, intrahepatic portal, arterial branches and hepatic vein were selectively embolized, respectively. Then all animals underwent contrast enhanced CT scans immediately and after one week. Results On CT images immediately after intervention, HPD were found in all animals. Multiple transient wedge-shaped hyperattenuation represented during the hepatic arterial phase and isoattenuating areas during the portal venous phase. In group A, the site of HPD was in correspondence with the area of embolization,whereas in group B, the embolized area displayed hypoattenuation and non-embolized area displayed hyerattenuation during arterial phase. In group C, the site of HPD was correspondence with the area of embolization in two pigs, but in one pig, the region of HPD was larger than the region of embolization. After one week, HPD disappeared due to sponges absorption and the vessels reopening in group A and B. In group C which hepatic vein was coagulated by laser, HPD remained partially. Conclusion Intrahepatic vascular occlusions of portal, hepatic arterial and hepatic venous branches are the main factors that cause HPD.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 182-183, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395426

ABSTRACT

Intravenous glucose tolerance test(IVGTT)and oral glucose-insulin releasing test(OGIRT) in 12 subjects with normal glucose tolerance were performed.The results showed that the peak of insulin secretion Was at 40 minutes during()GIRT.The ratio of the change of insulin-to-glucose at 40 minutes(△I40/△G40)is an index in reflecting insulin sensitivity and β-cell function.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 636-640, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400360

ABSTRACT

0bjective To evaluate the application of whole body MR diffusion weighted imaging (DWI)in the detection of bone metastasis using skeletal scintigraphy as the referenee.Methods Fonv.two healthy volunteers and 38 patients with malignant tumors were enrolled in our studv.A11 the patients received MR examination and skeletal scintigraphy within one week.MR examination was performed on GE signa 3.0T MR scanner using a build.in body coil.The skeletal system Was divided into eight regons and the images of the whole body MR DWI and skeletal seintigraphy were reviewed to compare the two modalities patient by patient and region by region.The images were reviewed separately by two radiologists and two nuclear medicine physicians,who were blinded to the results of another imaging modality.Results A total of 169 metastatic lesions in 69 regions of 30 patients were detected by whole body MR DWI while 156 lesions in 68 regions of 29 patients were identified by skeletal seintigraphy.There were two cases negative in scintigraphy but positive in whole body MR DWI and one case positive in scintigraphy only.There were eight lesions negative in scintigraphy but positive in whole body MR DWI,mainly located in the spine.pelvis and femur.Seven 1esions were only detected by scintigraphy,mainly located in the skull.sternum.clavicle and scapula.Conclusion The whole body MR DWI reveals excellent consistency with skeletal scintigraphy regarding bone metastasis.and the two modalities are complementary for each Other.

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