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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 102-119, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922497

ABSTRACT

The use of two inhibitors of Mek1/2 and Gsk3β (2i) promotes the generation of mouse diploid and haploid embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from the inner cell mass of biparental and uniparental blastocysts, respectively. However, a system enabling long-term maintenance of imprints in ESCs has proven challenging. Here, we report that the use of a two-step a2i (alternative two inhibitors of Src and Gsk3β, TSa2i) derivation/culture protocol results in the establishment of androgenetic haploid ESCs (AG-haESCs) with stable DNA methylation at paternal DMRs (differentially DNA methylated regions) up to passage 60 that can efficiently support generating mice upon oocyte injection. We also show coexistence of H3K9me3 marks and ZFP57 bindings with intact DMR methylations. Furthermore, we demonstrate that TSa2i-treated AG-haESCs are a heterogeneous cell population regarding paternal DMR methylation. Strikingly, AG-haESCs with late passages display increased paternal-DMR methylations and improved developmental potential compared to early-passage cells, in part through the enhanced proliferation of H19-DMR hypermethylated cells. Together, we establish AG-haESCs that can long-term maintain paternal imprints.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805144

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and pathogen types of viral diarrhea in children under 5 years of age in Shandong province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of viral diarrhea.@*Methods@#A total of 1 017 fecal samples were collected from all children aged 5 years and younger with diarrhea who were admitted to the sentinel hospital of Shandong province from 2012 to 2017 within 3 days. Rotavirus antigen was detected by using an ELISA method . Rotavirus G/P typing was performed by RT-PCR; Norovirus (GI and GII), Sapovirus, and Astrovirus were detected by multiplex RT-PCR, and adenovirus was detected by PCR.@*Results@#In the 1 017 fecal specimens, the overall positive rate was 51.62% (525/1017), and viral nucleic acids were detected in at least 421 samples, and mixed virus infection was found in 104 sampes. The mixed infection accounted for 10.23% (104/1017) of all infections. The positive detection rates of Rotavirus, Calicivirus, Adenovirus and Astrovirus were 34.22% (348/1017), 16.91% (172/1017), 2.56% (26/1017), and 9.64% (98/1017)). The total detection rate of diarrhea virus and the detection rate of Rotavirus were the highest at 12 to 17 months of age, which was 51.72% (105/203) and 20.20% (41/203), respectively. The positive rate of diarrhea in children aged 2 years and younger was 49.36% (502/1017), which was much higher than the positive rate of diarrhea in children over 2 years old (2.26% (23/1017)). The peak of viral diarrhea was found to occur between November and April of the following year. The genotype of rotavirus was dominated by G9 (82.76%), the P genotype was dominated by P[8] (80.46%), and the G/P combination was dominated by G9P[8] (83.87%). Norovirus was the main infection in the Calicivirus (87.21%).@*Conclusions@#From 2012 to 2017, viral diarrhea in children under 5 years of age in Shandong Province was mainly caused by Rotavirus infection, followed by Norovirus. The overall prevalence of viral diarrhea in Shandong was moderate in China, and autumn and winter were the main epidemic season for viral diarrhea.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1381-1386, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736688

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution patterns of mosquitoes,midges and related arboviruses in Sichuan province.Methods Blood-sucking insects were collected from houses and pens,using the ultraviolet lights.Mosquito samples were classified according to morphologic characteristics and then stored at liquid nitrogen.All samples were incubated with BHK-21 and C6/36 cells for virus isolation and then detected for their viral genes.Sequences of the virus were identified and analyzed by molecular biological software,such as BioEdit 7.0.5.3,MEGA 6.0.Results In total,17 019 mosquitoes from 3 genera and 4 species and 12 700 midges were collected from the southeast regions of Sichuan province in 2016 and 2017.Among them,79.4% (13 519/17 019) belonged to Culex tritaeniorhynchus with 11.1% (1 897/17 019) as Armigeres subalbatus,5.5% (930/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis and 4.0% (673/17 019) were Anopheles sinensis 3 virus strains that isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus were identified as type Ⅰ Japanese encephalitis virus.Seven pools of mosquitoes isolated from Hejiang county were identified Japanese encephalitis virus gene positive through PCR amplification.With 4 pool midges were detected positive for Akabane virus through PCR gene amplification while midges samples didn't have virus isolates.Conclusions Culex tritaeniorhynchus appeared the predominant species in the southeast regions of Sichuan.Japanese encephalitis virus transmitted by mosquitoes and Akabane virus by midges were prevalent in southeast Sichuan province.

5.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4367-4369,4372, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667617

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of parotid gland carcinoma tissue PAX2 and PAX8 expression for combined prediction of recurrence and metastasis after radical surgery.Methods Forty-six patients with parotid gland carcinoma treated by parotid gland joint neck radical operation served as the research subjects.The immunohistochemical method was applied to detect the PAX2 and PAX8 protein expression level in surgical removal parotid gland carcinoma tissues and tissues adjacent to carcinoma.Results The PAX2 and PAX8 protein positive expression rates of parotid gland carcinoma tissue were 76.09% and 69.57% respectively,which were higher than 26.09 % and 28.26 % in the tissue adjacent to carcinoma (P<0.05).The local recurrence rate in the patients with parotid gland carcinoma radical operation and 3-year follow-up was 41.30%,and lymph node metastasis rate was 34.78%.Moreover the metastasis and recurrence rate in the patients with PAX2 protein positive expressing were higher than those in the patients with PAX2 negative expression,and the metastasis and recurrence rate in the patients with PAX8 protein positive expressionwere higher than those in the patients with PAX8 negative expression (P<0.(05).The Logistic regression analysis results showed that parotid gland carcinoma tissue PAX2 and PAX8 expression levels had close correlation with the recurrence and metastasis after radical surgery were closely correlated (P<0.05).Parotid gland carcinoma tissue PAX2 and PAX8 expression levels for predicting the post-operative recurrence and metastasis had good value,in which the value of PAX2 positive and PAX8 positive expression for predicting the recurrence and metastasis was optimal.Conclusion Parotid gland carcinoma tissue PAX2 and PAX8 expression levels are closely correlated with the prognosis situation such as recurrence and metastasis after radical surgery,moreover their combined detection has better value for predicting the prognosis,which can serve as the reference indicator for the prognosisassessment after radical operation of parotid gland carcinoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617367

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the viscoelasticity of relaxed myocardium in vivo through indentation method with an intervention ultrasound indentation system (IUIS). Methods Old myocardial infarction (OMI) models of canine were established by ligating left anterior descending branch of coronary artery for 3 months. The indentation creep tests were used respectively in OMI group and shame group (n=8, each) by IUIS in middle and advanced diastole stage in vivo. Test data were processed with three-parameter solid viscoelasticity model, and the viscoelastic parameters, such as instantaneous elastic modulus (E1), relaxation modulus (E∞), creep elastic modulus (E2) and viscous damping coefficient (η) in normal and infarcted myocardium were obtained and compared. Results All the parameters of E1, E∞, E2 and η increased obviously in OMI group than in sham group shown as follows: 27.81±6.74kPa vs. 6.78±2.43kPa; 17.87±3.59kPa vs. 4.52±1.56kPa; 49.54±14.35kPa vs. 16.82±12.37kPa and 1.97±0.78Pa.s vs. 0.66±0.40Pa.s. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions IUIS is a feasible method to assess the viscoelasticity of relaxed myocardium in vivo. Three-parameter viscoelasticity model can be used to describe creep properties of relaxed myocardium. Both elastic modulus and viscosity resistance have increased in infarcted myocardium.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2800-2803, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical effect and safety of Shenfu injection combined with linezolid in the treatment of severe pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). METHODS:In retrospective study,62 MRSA severe pneumonia patients selected from ICU of our hospital during Jun. 2012-Oct. 2015 were divided into observation group (25 cases)and control group(28 cases)according to medication plan. Based on routine treatment,control group was additionally given Linezolid injection 600 mg,ivgtt,bid. Observation group was additionally given Shenfu injection intravenously with initial dose of 60 mL,and then given continuous intravenous infusion of 60 mL at a rate of 20 mL/h,q12 h,on the basis of control group. Both groups were treated for consecutive 2 weeks. Clinical efficacy,bacteriological efficacy,cardiac function indexes and serum levels of inflammatory factors before and after treatment as well as the occurrence of ADR were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS:The clinical response rate of observation group was 88.00%,which was significantly higher than 60.71% of control group,with statistical significance (P0.05). Before treatment,there was no statistical significance in cardiac function indexes and serum inflammatory factor levels between 2 groups(P>0.05). After treatment,LVEF,SV,CO and CI of 2 groups were increased significantly compared to before treatment,while the levels of TNF-α,IL-6,CRP and PCT were de-creased significantly;the indexes of observation group was significantly better than those of control group,with statistical signifi-cance (P<0.05). No severe ADR was found in 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS:Shenfu injection combined with linezolid effectively improves the cardiac function of patients with MRSA severe pneumonia,enhances the anti-inflammatory effect,and have a very significant clinic effect with good safety.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808833

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish mouse intestinal tissue and its application in the proliferation of Marmota Himalayana hepatovirus (MHHAV).@*Methods@#The intestinal crypts of Balb/C mice were digested with EDTA at a high concentration, cultured in Matrigel and passaged into frozen intestinal enteroids. The monolayers were inoculated on 96-well plates and infected with MHHAV. Real-time qPCR virus concentrations at different time points were compared with those of a number of cell lines routinely used to develop hepatitis A virus.@*Results@#The mouse intestinal tissue culture system was successfully established. MHHAV did not proliferate in the cell lines commonly used for the culture of hepatitis A virus, but proliferated well in the intestinal tissues of mice. The virus multiplied about 3 700 fold in 4 days.@*Conclusions@#Mice intestinal enteroids can be used for the isolation and culture of MHHAV.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808820

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence, genetic structure and evolutionary characteristics of GⅡ.17 norovirus isolated from the fecal samples of rhesus monkeys in Longhu Mountain of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.@*Methods@#A total of 400 stool specimens were collected from wild rhesus monkeys from March to August of 2015. The GⅡ.17 norovirus named as GX213 was identified in fecal samples by high-throughput sequencing technology. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to confirm and screen GX213, as well as amplify its complete gene sequence. Then the sequence and phylogenetic analysis of three ORFs of GX213 were constructed by software MEGA 6.0.@*Results@#Two out of 400 fecal samples were positive. The full-length genome of GX213 was 7 565 bp (containing PloyA tail), which was composed of three open reading frames (ORFs): ORF1(10-5112 nt), ORF2(5093-6715 nt)and ORF3(6715-7494 nt), with 20 bp overlapping between ORF1 and ORF2, and 1 bp overlapping between ORF2 and ORF3.Analysis of the complete sequence of GX213 showed that it shared the highest homology with the strain of human GⅡ.17 norovirus CUHK-NS-613 (GenBank ID: KU561248) (99.5% identity), and ORF1 and ORF3 also shared the highest homology with the strain CUHK-NS-613 [99.5% and 99.4% in nucleotide (nt); 99.5% and 99.2% in amino acid (aa), respectively], which was the main cause of human norovirus outbreaks in some regions of Asia from 2014 to 2015. ORF2 sequence analysis showed that it displayed the highest identity (99.4% in nt and 99.8% in aa) to the strain CUHK-NS-491 (GenBank ID: KP698928), only one aa mutation aa245P→S(P1.1 region) was observed in the GX213 VP1 protein. Furthermore, the phylogenetic analysis showed that GX213 was more related to CUHK-NS-613 and CUHK-NS-491 than the strain KM1509 (GenBank ID: KX356908) of GⅡ.17 norovirus recently identified in rhesus monkeys.@*Conclusions@#GX213 belongs to the human GⅡ.17 norovirus variant causing the norovirus outbreaks from 2014 to 2015. Our research suggests that GⅡ.17 norovirus can infect not only humans but also rhesus monkeys.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1488-1490,1495, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603985

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the differences of clinical features and characteristics and features of polysomnography be‐tween elderly patients and middle‐aged patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ,so as to provide refer‐ence for the diagnosis and individualized intervention of elderly OSAHS .Methods Totally 81 aged OSAHS cases and 123 youth OSAHS cases were analyzed in terms of general condition ,clinical manifestations and polysomnographic characteristics ,and the clin‐ical manifestations and polysomnographic difference indicators of the two groups were matched according to body mass index (BMI) .Results Most OSAHS patients were males in both groups ,with BMI and neck waist circumference in the aged group less than those in the middle‐aged group ,and the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05);clinical symptoms of senile groups such as drowsiness ,snoring ,morning headaches ,dry mouth and nighttime awakenings were lower than the middle‐aged group ,the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05);REM AHI was more than the middle‐aged group ,the difference was statistically significant (P0 .05) .Conclusion The incidence of typical clinical manifestations of aged OSAHS patients was lower than that in the middle‐aged group ,but high blood pressure ,diabetes and other complications prevalence were significantly higher than those in the middle‐aged group ,with similar severity of OSAHS in both groups ,there were differences PSG monitoring results with the middle‐aged group ,and the difference of REM AHI was significant .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815096

ABSTRACT

To investigate the microRNA (miR)-150 expression level in human osteosarcoma cell lines (Saos-2, MG-63) and its function in cell proliferation, and to explore the potential molecular mechanisms. 
 Methods: MiR-150 expression levels in human osteosarcoma cell lines (Saos-2, MG-63) and normal osteoblast cell line (NHOst) were detected by relative quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). MiR-150 was overexpressed in Saos-2 and MG-63 cells by lentivirus infection. Cell proliferation rates were monitored by MTS assay. RUNX2 and β-actin protein levels were examined by Western blot. Inhibitory effect of miR-150 on binding RUNX2 3'-UTR was detected by Dual-Luciferase assay.
 Results: MiR-150 expression level is lower in human osteosarcoma cell lines (Saos-2, MG-63) compared to the normal osteoblast cell line (NHOst) (0.23±0.02 and 0.32±0.03 vs 1.00±0.02), which showed statistical significance (P<0.01). After lentivirus infection, miR-150 level increased in Saos-2 (P<0.01) and MG-63 cells (P<0.01). Overexpression of miR-150 decreased cell proliferation and RUNX2 protein level in Saos-2 and MG-63 cells. The binding of miR-150 to RUNX2 3'-UTR decreased luciferase activity by 69% in Saos-2 cells (P<0.05) and 59% in MG-63 cells (P<0.05). Administration of exogenous RUNX2 recovered the cell proliferation in miR-150 overexpressed Saos-2 and MG-63 cell lines (P<0.01).
 Conclusion: MiR-150 inhibites proliferation in human osteosarcoma cell lines through binding to RUNX2 3'-UTR, resulting in the reducion of RUNX2 protein level.


Subject(s)
3' Untranslated Regions , Actins , Metabolism , Bone Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Genetics , Pharmacology , Physiology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs , Pharmacology , Osteoblasts , Physiology , Osteosarcoma , Genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features & variation features of cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis and to discuss its effective surgical treatment.@*METHOD@#Retrospective analysis of 27 cases of cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis patients admitted to the hospital from January 2008 to December 2013. The cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis is classified based on the enhanced CT scanning conducted before operation and the preoperative evaluation of clinical characters of patients. The lymphaden ncisional biopsy was conducted on the type I patients with cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis. The lesion resection was performed on the type II and mixed type I + II patients. The regional cervical lymph node dissection was carried on the type III, the type IV and other mixed type patients. The negative pressure drainage ball was placed after operation, and the cavity was flushed with 5% povidone iodine solution. The antituberculosis therapy was performed after wound healing.@*RESULT@#The analysis of the clinical features for 27 patients: the incidence rate on the left side, right side, both sides and middle-line is 63.0%, 25.9%, 7.4% and 3.7% respectively. The majority of patients whose lesion involving more than one region account for 62.1%; the patients whose lesion involving one region account for 37.9%. The most common is level V involved lesion (69.0%), then level IV (62.1%), level III (51.7%), level II (34.5%), level I (10.3%) and level VI (3.4%) in order. The analysis of the CT imageology features for 27 patients: the simple type is the majority (65.5%), and the most common is type III (24.1%), then the type I (17.2%), type II (13.8%) and type IV (10.3%) in order. The mixed type is minority (34.5%), but the two mixed is often (31.0%). The three mixed is only located on one side (3.4%). The recurrence never happened on the patients with resection and standard antituberculosis therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#For the cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis, the suitable surgical treatments shall be selected according to the lesion characteristics & location and CT imaging manifestations presurgical evaluation. The effective way to treat cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis is to conduct negative pressure drainage after operation, to flush the cavity with 5% povidone iodine solution and to perform antituberculosis therapy.


Subject(s)
Antitubercular Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Drainage , Humans , Neck , Neck Dissection , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node , Classification , Drug Therapy , General Surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499988

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effects of Hyperoside ( Hyp) on the memory impairment induced by hypobaric hypoxia. Meth-ods SD rats were exposed in hypobaric hypoxia chamber which simulated 6 100 m high altitude for 7 days to induce memory impairment. Morris maze was applied to determine the effects of Hyp on memory in hypobaric chamber. The activities of SOD and CAT and levels of GSH and MDA in rat hippocampus were measured by assay kit ( Nanjing Jiancheng Bioengineering Institute) . Results In target quadrant,the time and path and the frequency to cross platform were reduced under hypobaric hypoxia as compared with normoxia group ( P < 0. 05 or P<0. 01). Administration of Hyp significantly attenuated the hypoxia-induced the memory impairment responses(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). The activities of SOD and CAT in rats hippocampus exposed to hypobaric hypoxia were significantly improved in the presence of Hyp as com-pared with the absence of Hyp(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01),so did GSH level (P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Significant decrease of MDA levels was observed in the hippocampus on exposure to hypobaric hypoxia with Hyp as compared without Hyp. Conclusion Hyp reduces hypoxia-in-duced oxidative stress injury by upregulating activity of antioxidant proteins such as SOD,CAT in hippocampus of rats, which contribute to at-tenuate memory impairment induced by hypobaric hypoxia.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3941-3943, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482083

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the pathological voice ,normal voice range chart crowd voice characteristics through tests and analyze the differences between the two groups of test‐related parameters chart range between indicators ,so as to explore the value of the test range map in the polyp of vocal cord .Methods One hundred and twenty patients with vocal polyps according to in‐clusion and exclusion criteria were selected .Sixty cases of normal voice were randomly selected .Germany XION DIVAS system dia‐gram test mode range were recorded for both groups ,with the strongest voice of the bass were measured at different frequencies , first obtain low VRP intensity curve ,then get high‐intensity curve VRP .The maximum frequency of the vocal cord polyp group and normal control group ,the minimum frequency ,maximum intensity ,most quietly strong ,maximum phonation time ,fundamental fre‐quency perturbation and dysphonia index of the data were compared statistically .Results Compared with the control one ,the mean maximum frequency of vocal cord polyp group were lower (P= 0 .029 6) ,the average minimum frequency were significantly higher ( P= 0 .000 3) ,frequency range reduced(P= 0 .022 9) ;vocal cord polyp average loudest group was stronger(P= 0 .003 9) ,the whis‐pered strength values were significantly higher (P = 0 .000 0) ,significantly limited the average sound intensity range than normal voice group group (P= 0 .006 9) .Classification index based on objective voice disorders ,in terms of frequency ,mild voice disorders at the maximum frequency .There was no significant difference in the minimum frequency ,frequency range with a normal voice group ;and in severe voice disorders average maximum frequency lower than the normal voice group ,the smallest than normal voice frequency was significantly higher frequency range than the normal group was significantly limited .In terms of strength ,mild im‐pairment in the loudest voice is strong ,most quietly strong .There was no significant difference with the normal voice group intensi‐ty range ;and in severe voice disorders average maximum sound intensity ,most quietly strong values were higher than normal voice group .However ,the average sound intensity narrow range than normal voice group .Conclusion The range map test can be quanti‐fied assessment of voice ,and can distinguish normal voice ,clinical pathological voice and the severity of damage ,which is an impor‐tant means of voice feature detection to provide an objective basis .

15.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 753-756, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of ischemic stroke prevalence in elder patients with non-valvular atrial ifbrillation (AF). Methods: A total of 180 AF patients treated in our hospital from 2010-01 to 2014-12 were retrospectively studied. The diagnosis of ischemic stroke was conifrmed by CT/MRI, and the patients were divided into 2 groups: AF with ischemic stroke group,n=120 and AF alone group,n=60. The CHA2DS2-VASc score, CHADS2 score, plasma levels of homocysteine (HCY), ifbrinogen (FIB), left atrial diameter (LAD), blood lipid proifle and renal function were examined and compared between 2 groups. Results: There were signiifcant differences on CHA2DS2-VASc score, CHADS2 score, HCY, FIB and LAD between AF with ischemic stroke group and AF alone group,P Conclusion: The CHA2DS2-VASc score and CHADS2 score system combining with plasma levels of HCY, FIB and LAD have the important clinical predictive value for the occurrence of ischemic stroke in elder patients with AF. CHA2DS2-VASc score is more appropriate for screening the low-risk patients, and CHADS2 score is rather appropriate for screening the high-risk patients.

16.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 52-55, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461862

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a micro-circumstance airtight cabin for in the study of biological aerosols detection with such functions as airflow control and temperature and humidity detection .Methods Wind speed sensors , temperature and humidity sensors , electrical control valves , high efficiency filters and the vacuum pump formed the micro-circumstance regulating system .The techniques of airflow direction control , temperature compensation , air pressure control and aerosol uniformity distribution were used .Numerical simulation of aerosol concentration distribution in the airtight cabin was achieved using Fluent software .The bioaerosol concentration in different locations was tested by experiments .Results The micro-circumstance airtight cabin consisted of an airtight cabin and a control cabin .The control cabin used a single-chip microprocessor to provide air supply and exhaust air to the airtight cabin in a seaparate exhaust mode and cyclic ventilation mode.It worked under a negative pressure condition .Through numerical simulation,the aerosols were distributed through-out the cabin after five minutes of generation and the bottom airflow arrived at the top .The distribution of aerosol concentra-tion was approximately uniform .Conclusion The micro-circumstance airtight cabin is suited to various bioaerosols testing research thanks to its negative pressure working without bioaerosol leakage .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310316

ABSTRACT

Establish normal classifier of non-charge medical consumable and database of medical consumable inuse, is the basis of uniform classification and management of non-charge medical materials used in different hospital. It's an objective and effective method to classify by AI and set up the database, and has better classification accuracy.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Databases, Factual , Equipment and Supplies , Classification , Materials Management, Hospital , Methods
18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 594-597, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473990

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out about the temperature ,relative humidity, concentration and species of air microbes in the warship , and to detect the possible pathogenic agents responsible for the high incidence of respiratory diseases among the crew.Methods A digital hygrometer was used to measure the indoor tempreture and relative humidity .Open agar set-tling plates were used to sample the air bacteria in the ship .Pure bacterial colonies were isolated from those on the original plates by repeated streak inoculation .The species of bacteria were determined by gram staining ,light microscope observation and 16S rDNA sequencing .Results Spots that met the standard requirement of temperature accounted for 20%but relative humidity was up to the stevrdard ineach place investigated .Although the concentration of airborne microbes was under the standard limit,bacteria were various.There were 18 different bacteria isolated from the air sample , including Chryseobacteri-um jejuense,Acinetobacter baumannii, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylo-coccus hominis subsp.hominis strain and subsp.novobiosepticus, Staphylococcus cohnii subsp.cohnii and subsp.urealytic-us,Enhydrobacter aerosaccus,Corynebacterium casei,Macrococcus caseolyticus,Corynebacterium ammoniagenes,Brevibacillus panacihumi,Comamonas koreensis,Bacillus subtilis,Sphingobium yanoikuyae, Chryseobacterium hominis.Conclusion The high incidence of respiratory diseases among officers and soliders might be related to the lower tempreture and some airborne bacteria in the warship .

19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 323-327, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455866

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the application and assess the outcome of ProPlan CMF software in virtual surgery of mandibular resection and reconstruction with vascularized fibular graft.Methods Nineteen patients were performed mandibular resection,and immediate reconstruction with free fibular graft by application of ProPlan CMF software between March 1,2013 and January 31,2014,including 7 cases of osteoradionecrosis,6 cases of adamantoblastoma,4 cases of carcinoma of gingiva,2 cases of intra-osseous carcinoma of mandible.There were 12 males and 7 females,with an age range of 21-73 years (median,54 years).In each case,three-dimensional spiral CT scan of mandible and fibula was obtained before operation.The CT data were imported into the ProPlan CMF software and the virtual surgical planning was performed.After that,the mandibular rapid prototyping and surgical guide plates were made according to customized design.The segmental resection of mandible,titanium plate bending,fibular molding,insetting and fixing were then carried out by using these surgical guide plates.Results Operations were undertaken successfully according to preoperative design in all nineteen patients and negative margin was detected by intraoperative frozen section.The fibula was cut,shaped and fixed accurately.The operations took 4.5-7.0 hours (mean,5.5 hours).Primary healing of incision was obtained without complications except fistula in 2 cases of osteoradionecrosis,which were resolved with local wound care after 4 weeks.19 patients were followed up between 3 months to 1 year and all patients were alive with disease free.All patients were satisfactory with their maxillofacial appearance,occlusion and function.The ranges of mouth opening was 2.0-4.0 cm.The postoperative panoramic radiographs or CT scan showed perfect situation and contour of fibular graft.Healing of the donor site occurred without significant complications.All patients started early postoperative ambulation,and walked normally after 2 or 3 months.Conclusion The application of ProPlan CMF software in virtual surgical design and guide plates creation can simplify the operation,and improve the accuracy of mandibular resection and reconstruction,especially the spatial relationship of the mandible and the fibula graft.It is worth promotion widely in clinical practice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 116-118, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447170

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the reliability and useness of using a coupling device for end-to-end venous anastomosis in patients undergoing free-tissue transfer in head and neck reconstruction.Methods Twelve patients undergoing surgical resection and head and neck defects were repaired with fibular flap,anterolateral thigh flap and radial forearm flap.The microvascular anastomotic device was used to perform venous anastomosis in these cases.Flap survival and thrombosis of the venous anastomoses were determined.Results There were no flap losses due to venous thrombosis in this series.The venous anastomosis was usually coupled in about 5.3 minutes and appear as an obviously time savings compared with performing a hand-sewn venous anastomosis.Conclusion The microvascular coupler is excellent in end-to-end venous anastomosis and certainly less taxing on the surgeon when compared with standard suture techniques.

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