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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1094-1097, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between glenohumeral joint congruence and stability in recurrent shoulder dislocations.@*METHODS@#Eighty-nine patients (89 sides) with recurrent shoulder dislocation admitted between June 2022 and June 2023 and met the selection criteria were included as study subjects. There were 36 males and 53 females with an average age of 44 years (range, 20-79 years). There were 40 cases of left shoulder and 49 cases of right shoulder. The shoulder joints dislocated 2-6 times, with an average of 3 times. The three-dimensional models of the humeral head and scapular glenoid were reconstructed using Mimics 20.0 software based on CT scanning images. The glenoid track (GT), inclusion index, chimerism index, fit index, and Hill-Sachs interval (HSI) were measured, and the degree of on/off track was judged (K value, the difference between HSI and GT). Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the correlation between the degree of on/off track (K value) and inclusion index, chimerism index, and fit index.@*RESULTS@#Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the K value had no correlation with the inclusion index ( P>0.05), and was positively correlated with the chimerism index and the fit index ( P<0.05). Regression equation was K=-24.898+35.982×inclusion index+8.280×fit index, R 2=0.084.@*CONCLUSION@#Humeral head and scapular glenoid bony area and curvature are associated with shoulder joint stability in recurrent shoulder dislocations. Increased humeral head bony area, decreased scapular glenoid bony area, increased humeral head curvature, and decreased scapular glenoid curvature are risk factors for glenohumeral joint stability.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Shoulder Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Joint Dislocations , Scapula/diagnostic imaging , Thorax
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 676-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992766

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the common types of elbow joint injuries in skiing or snowboarding and their treatment.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 90 patients with elbow injury caused by skiing or snowboarding who had been admitted to Department of Upper Limbs, Sichuan Orthopaedic Hospital from February, 2015 to February, 2022. There were 53 males and 37 females with an age of (31.8±8.4) years. The types of elbow injury, visual analogue scale (VAS), range of motion (ROM) of the elbow and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) of the patients were recorded before treatment and at the last follow-up.Results:Of the patients, 18 were treated conservatively (3 simple Mason type I radial head fractures and 15 O'Driscoll type I coronal process fractures) and 72 surgically. Their follow-up time was (31.3±18.7) months. The fractures all healed by the time of the last follow-up. Simple elbow fracture was observed in 63 patients, simple elbow dislocation in 2 patients, fracture plus dislocation in 25 patients. The posterior dislocation was the most common (22 cases). Among the elbow fractures, radial head fracture occurred in 27 patients, ulnar coronoid process fracture in 41 patients, proximal ulnar fracture in 13 patients, and distal humeral fracture in 28 patients. Collateral ligament injuries were complicated in 65 cases. In the patients undergoing conservative treatment, their VAS, elbow ROM, and MEPS were all improved significantly from 4.7±1.4, 92.2°±14.4° and 63.9±6.5 before treatment to 0.4 (0,1.0), 110.6°±0.6°, and 92.2±3.9 at the last follow-up ( P<0.05); in the patients undergoing surgical treatment, their VAS, elbow ROM, and MEPS were also all improved significantly from 5.6±1.7, 24.3°±18.4°, and 26.9±12.2 before surgery to 0.6 (0,1.0), 97.4°±14.0° and 86.6±7.1 at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). After surgery, 8 patients presented with neurological symptoms and 7 patients developed heterotopic ossification. Conclusions:In skiing or snowboarding, the coronoid process of the ulna is the most vulnerable to fracture. In the elbow injuries due to skiing or snowboarding, posterior dislocation is the most common type which is often accompanied by injuries to the medial and lateral collateral ligaments. For simple Mason type Ⅰ radial head fractures and O'-Driscoll type Ⅰ coronoid process fractures in which the elbow is stable, conservative treatment can be adopted; surgical treatment is indicated for the other injuries.

3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1146-1152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986643

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of TM9SF3 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods TCGA and GEPIA databases were used to screen the differentially-expressed TM9SF family molecules and analyze their effects on patient prognosis with LUAD. The expression and localization of TM9SF3 in LUAD patients were verified by a human proteomic mapping database, Western blot assay, and polymerase chain reaction assay. Herein, the GSEA was used for the signal pathway enrichment analysis of TM9SF3-related genes. Meanwhile, the TIMER database and CIBERSORT algorithm were used to analyze the correlation between differentially-expressed TM9SF3 and the degree of immune cell infiltration. Results The expression of TM9SF3 in LUAD was significantly increased and had a significant adverse effect on the prognosis of LUAD patients. In addition, immunoblotting and polymerase chain reaction confirmed that TM9SF3 was highly expressed in LUAD. Meanwhile, the genes related to TM9SF3 expression were mainly enriched in cell signaling pathways regulating immune cell activity. The expression of TM9SF3 was significantly correlated with the expression changes of six immune cells. Conclusion TM9SF3 is differentially expressed in LUAD and may be used as a potential prognostic marker for LUAD patients. TM9SF3 can also change the level of immune cell infiltration in LUAD patients and is expected to be a new potential target for LUAD immunotherapy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 236-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of arthroscopic combined with open release in the treatment of severe post-traumatic elbow stiffness.Methods:Data of 32 patients with severe post-traumatic elbow stiffness treated by arthroscopy combined with open release from January 2016 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 13 males and 19 females. Age: 38.5±15.6 years (range, 17-66 years). For the original trauma, there were 12 cases of distal humeral fractures, 8 cases of radial head fractures, 8 cases of horrible triad of elbow, 2 cases of anterior dislocation of elbow through olecranon fracture, 1 case of Monteggia fracture, and 1 case of olecranon fracture. The range of motion (ROM), Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) of elbow joint at pre-operation, 6 months post-operation and the last follow-up were recorded and compared to evaluate the clinical effect of this operation on severe post-traumatic elbow stiffness.Results:The average operation time was 114.1±27.5 min (range, 70-170 min). Two patients developed mild ulnar nerve symptoms after operation, which were relieved after oral mecobalamin. The follow-up time was 38.5±14.4 months (range, 25-69 months). For elbow extension to flexion ROM, it was 47.66°±12.05° at pre-operation, 93.75°±12.89° at 6 months post-operation, and 106.88°±17.68° at the last follow-up, the differences were statistically significant ( F=148.87, P<0.001). For elbow rotation ROM, it was 132.19°±22.68° at pre-operation, 141.88°±21.91° at 6 months post-operation and 149.38°±23.27° at the last follow-up, and the differences were statistically significant ( F=4.64, P=0.012). At 6 months post-operative, the extension to flexion ROM of the elbow was significantly higher than that of pre-operation ( P<0.05); The rotation ROM was higher than that of pre-operation, but the difference was not statistically significant. At the last follow-up, the extentsion to flexion ROM and the rotation ROM were both significantly higher than those of pre-operation ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, the VAS and MEPS were 1.38±0.94 and 93.44±5.15 respectively, which were significantly improved compared with those of pre-operation 3.91±1.09 and 37.97±7.71 ( P <0.001). Conclusion:Arthroscopic combined with open release in the treatment of severe post-traumatic elbow stiffness can significantly increase the elbow ROM and functional score as well as significantly relieve the pain of the elbow. It can effectively release the elbow while keeping it minimal invasive, and maintain the stability of the elbow to the maximum, with reliable efficacy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 228-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between fracture line morphology, bone quality and fracture type in the posterior medial humeral talus of proximal humerus fractures.Methods:Retrospective analysis of CT data of patients with proximal humeral fractures diagnosed in our hospital from June 2020 to June 2021. Based on 3D reconstruction, the fracture line of the posterior medial humeral calcar was described, substituted into the proximal humeral template to depict the fracture map;and the coordinates of the turning point of the posterior medial fracture line were recorded, and the most concentrated coordinate interval was displayed using Matlab heat mapscript, substituted into the proximal humeral template to mark the area of concentration of the turning point of the fracture line. And according to the inclination angle of the humeral head to establish internal and external rotation and normal group, three groups of humeral distance posterior medial bone density, bone thickness and fracture horizontal line angle were performed and recorded by unordered multicategorical Logistic regression analysis.Results:A total of 62 patients with proximal humeral fractures were included; 21 (34%) were internally turned, 24 (39%) were externally turned and 17 (27%) were normal. Inversion: bone density 0.59±0.12 g/cm 3, bone thickness 2.33±0.48 mm, fracture horizontal line angle 4.54°±14.13°. Normal: Bone density 0.57±0.15 g/cm 3, bone thickness 2.60±0.33 mm, fracture level angle -1.87°±9.98°. Ectropion: bone density 0.62±0.11 g/cm 3, bone thickness 2.69±0.54 mm, fracture horizontal angle -5.64°±20.03°. Epiphyseal extension occurs most often posteriorly and medially, with the fracture line turning point located posterior to the greater tuberosity. Unordered multicategorical Logistic regression of the data showed that: inversion fracture horizontal line angle ( β=0.06, P=0.018), statistically significant, OR=1.06 [95% CI (1.00, 1.12)]; bone thickness ( β=-2.02, P=0.041), statistically significant, OR=0.13 [95% CI (0.03, 0.71)]; bone density ( β=-0.43, P=0.887), not statistically significant; none of the ectropion patterns were statistically significant ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The trend of the fracture line and bone thickness of the posterior medial humeral calcar are factors that influence internal rotation of the humeral head. The incidence of internal rotation is positively correlated with the upward trend of the fracture line and negatively correlated with the thickness of the bone. The fracture line turning point is most often located posterior to the greater tuberosity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 204-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of reverse shoulder arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in the elderly.Methods:The clinical data of 58 elderly patients with three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures treated with hemiarthroplasty or reverse shoulder arthroplasty from June 2014 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 46 cases were from Sichuan Provincial Orthopaedic Hospital (22 cases of hemiarthroplasty and 24 cases of reverse shoulder arthroplasty), and 12 cases were from Tianjin Hospital (5 cases of hemiarthroplasty and 7 cases of reverse shoulder arthroplasty). In the hemiarthroplasty group, there were 27 patients, including 7 males and 20 females, with an average age of 70.29±6.81 years (range, 61-87 years), and there were 10 cases of 3-part fractures and 17 cases of 4-part fractures. In the reverse shoulder arthroplasty group, including 9 males and 22 females, with an average age of 75.06 ±4.25 years (range, 67-86 years), and there were 9 cases of 3-part fractures and 22 cases of 4-part fractures. The postoperative efficacy evaluation indexes included visual analogue scale (VAS), range of motion (ROM), prosthesis upward displacement, healing of greater tuberosity, scapular glenoid notch, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and Constant-Murley score.Results:The average follow-up was 50.63±16.02 months (range, 24-75 months) in the hemiarthroplasty group and 28.32±11.93 months (range, 14-56 months) in the reverse shoulder arthroplasty group. The anterior elevation in the reverse shoulder arthroplasty group was 118.22°±27.22°, and those in the hemiarthroplasty group was 102.77°±25.88°, which was significant difference ( t=2.21, P=0.032); the results of external rotation (ER) and internal rotation (IR) in two groups were similar, and no significant difference (ER: t=0.57, P=0.616; IR: χ 2=2.61, P=0.273); the average Constant-Murley and ASES in the reverse shoulder arthroplasty group were significantly better than those in the hemiarthroplasty group ( P=0.019 and 0.018); the complication rates of hemiarthroplasty group and reverse shoulder arthroplasty group were 37% (10/27) and 13% (4/31), respectively (χ 2=4.59, P=0.032). In the hemiarthroplasty group, 6 patients had upward movements of the prosthesis and 2 patients had wear of the glenoid side; notching (sirveaux grade 1) was noted in 1 patient in the reverse shoulder arthroplasty group. Conclusion:In the treatment of three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in the elderly, reverse shoulder arthroplasty achieves significantly better functional results compared to hemiarthroplasty.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 195-203, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term effects of arthroscopic biceps rerouting along with rotator cuff repair in treating large to massive rotator cuff tears.Methods:Retrospective evaluation of patients with large to massive rotator cuff tears who were treated with arthroscopic biceps rerouting along with rotator cuff repair was conducted from May 2017 to September 2020. There were 48 patients with average age 58.7±18.4 years (range from 45-72 years), of which 19 cases were males and 29 cases were females. The following outcomes, range of motion, functional outcomes, pain and radiological outcomes, were assessed perioperatively. Pain symptom was assessed according to visual analogue scale (VAS). The functional outcomes were assessed according to American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and Constant-Murley score. MRI was used to evaluate radiological outcomes preoperatively and at 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively.Results:All forty-eight patients were followed-up. The mean duration of follow-up was 24.2±33.5 months (range from 13-53 months) after surgery. The average VAS of the patients decreased from 6.4±1.8 before surgery to 4.6±2.2 at 6 months after surgery, to 1.9±2.1 at 12 month after surgery, and to 1.7±2.0 at the last follow-up with significant difference ( F=4.47, P<0.001) . ASES score decreased from 56.4±20.9 before surgery to 48.3±29.1 at 6 months after surgery, and increased to 77.2±18.2 at one year after surgery, and to 82.3±13.8 at the last follow-up with statistically significant difference ( F=36.34, P<0.001). The Constant-Murley decreased from 52.7±17.5 before surgery to 49.4±27.5 at 6 months after surgery, and increased to 80.1±20.1 at one year after surgery and to 87.4±11.9 at the last follow-up, respectively. The difference between the preoperative and the last follow-up was statistically significant ( F=52.68, P<0.001). The forward flexion increased from 102°±24° preoperatively to 121°±33° at 6 months, to 140°±17° at 12 months, and to 148°±15° at the last follow-up ( F=34.24, P<0.001). External rotation decreased from 57°±32° before surgery to 45°±37° at 6 months, and increased to 70°±31° at 12 months after surgery and to 75°±30° at the last follow-up with significant difference ( F=19.68, P=0.042). Internal rotation decreased from 8±3 before surgery to 7±4 at 6 months, and increased to 9±3 at 12 months after surgery and to 10±2 at the last follow-up with significant difference ( F=11.86, P=0.015). Six patients (12.5%) underwent retear of the repaired rotator cuff on the postoperative MRI, of which 4 cases were confirmed at 3 months after surgery and 2 cases at 6 months after surgery. Conclusion:Arthroscopic biceps rerouting along with rotator cuff repair for the treatment of large to massive rotator cuff injuries could significantly relieve pain symptoms and improve shoulder joint function without the help of scaffold. The present technique has lower retear rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 957-962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and treatment of anterior shoulder dislocation complicated with fractures of glenoid and greater tuberosity (GT).Methods:From December 2013 to October 2019, 26 patients (27 shoulders) were treated at Department of Upper Limb, Sichuan Provincial Orthopaedic Hospital by arthroscopy or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). They were 13 males and 13 females with a mean age of 49.1 years (range, from 22 to 71 years). By the Goss-Ideberg classification for glenoid fractures, there were 21 cases of type Ⅰa and 6 cases of type Ⅱ; by the Mutch classification for GT fractures, there were 3 cases of depression type, 6 cases of avulsion type and 18 cases of split type. At the last follow-up, visual analogue scale (VAS), Constant-Murley and American Shoulder & Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores were used to evaluate the pain and function of the shoulder and the Rowe scores to assess shoulder stability.Results:In this cohort, the avulsion type accounted for 66.7% (18/27) of the GT fractures and the type of anterior glenoid rim for 77.8% (21/27) of the glenoid fractures. All the 26 patients (27 shoulders) were followed up for a mean period of 18.3 months (range, from 12 to 47 months). All fractures united after 6 to 17 weeks (mean, 11.6 weeks). At the last follow-up, anterior flexion and lifting averaged 155.6°, lateral external rotation 43.6°, and the internal rotation thumb touching the spinous process levels from L4 to T8. At the last follow-up, the Constant-Murley scores averaged 89.2, the ASES scores 88.9, the Rowe scores 94.5, and the VAS scores 0.3.Conclusions:In anterior shoulder dislocation complicated with fractures of glenoid and GT, the GT fractures are mainly the split type and the glenoid fractures mainly the type of anterior glenoid rim. Arthroscopy or ORIF can be used to repair rotator cuff tears and restore shoulder stability, leading to significantly improved shoulder function and satisfactory therapeutic outcomes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 23-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799116

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical outcomes and radiological results of arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant to treat shoulder recurrent instability.@*Methods@#Data of 27 patients diagnosed as shoulder recurrent instability with the bone defect of 10%-15% from July 2016 to August 2018 who were treated by arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant were retrospectively analyzed. There were 20 males and 7 females with an average age of 30.8 years old (range, 19-50). The bone loss of the glenoid was 10%-15%. The time between the first dislocation and the surgery was 24.1±15.8 months. The patients were treated with arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant. Postoperatively the affected shoulder was immobilized by the abduction brace for 6 weeks, after that the passive motion was applied. Strengthening exercise began at 10-12 weeks and sports was allowed after 6 months. Constant-Murley score and the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were used to evaluate the shoulder function, and visual analogue score (VAS) score was used to evaluate the degree of pain. Computed tomography scans were obtained one week post-operation and at the latest follow-up, from which the length, width, height and volume of the bone graft were measured and the absorption rate of the bone graft was calculated. The subjective satisfaction degree of patients at the latest follow-up was also recorded.@*Results@#All 27 patients were followed up for 19.8 months (range, 13-39 months). No infection or neurovascular injury was identified. At the latest follow-up, the Constant-Murley score was 85.15±5.62 (range, 76-94), the DASH score 13.39±5.51 (range, 3.19-21.95) and the VAS score 1.29±0.45 (range, 1-2), thus all of those were improved significantly compared to those of pre-operation. At the latest follow-up, the anterior flexion was 153°±24°, lateral rotation by side 38°±21°, internal rotation 70°±21°, and abduction was 139°±18°. At the latest follow-up, the absorption rate of the bone graft was 46.1%±20.6% (range, 24.0%-71.7%). Among all the 27 patients, 19 patients considered the outcome as very good, and 6 patients considered as good, 2 patients fair.@*Conclusion@#Arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant could successfully treat shoulder recurrent instability with glenoid bone loss at 10%-15%. This technique could achieve satisfactory clinical results, improve glenohumeral stability, decrease the re-dislocation rate.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1-9, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799113

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical results of arthroscopic double-pulley double row suture technique for the treatment of bigger Ideberg Ia glenoid fracture.@*Methods@#From January 2014 to July 2017, data of patients with Ideberg Ia glenoid fracture who were treated by arthroscopic double-pulley double row suture technique were retrospectively analyzed. Totally 24 patients were enrolled of whom 13 were males and 11 were females. The mean age was 50.14±10.60 years (range, 34-67). In those patients, there were 8 cases of glenoid fracture alone, 4 cases of glenoid fracture associated with greater tuberosity fracture, 5 cases of glenoid fracture with rotator cuff tear, 4 cases of glenoid fracture with shoulder anterior dislocation and greater tuberosity fracture, 2 cases of glenoid fracture with shoulder anterior dislocation and rotator cuff tear, and 1 case of shoulder anterior dislocation with ipsilateral distal radius fracture. The fragment accounts for 28.91±5.35% (range, 25.1%-38.5%) of the glenoid articular surface. According to the size of the fragment, one medial row anchor was used to implant at the medial edge of the fracture bed of the anterior edge of the glenoid; two to four lateral row suture anchors were used to implant at the margin of the glenoid joint surface sequentially from low level to higher level, and simplified double-pulley technique was finally used to fix the fragment. The situation of fracture reduction and healing and the post-operative complications were evaluated. The Constant-Murley, DASH and VAS were also recorded.@*Results@#Satisfactory fracture reduction and fixation were achieved in all 24 patients. The mean follow-up time was 19.5 months (range, 12-36). Mean VAS was 0.8±0.8 (range, 0-2). The range of motion at the latest follow-up was: anterior flexion 145°-180° (mean, 161.00°±5.77°), external rotation at the side 35°-60° (mean, 46.43°±6.63°), internal rotation L3-T10 level. The mean Constant-Murley score was 88.1±3.7 (range, 81-93), and mean DASH score was 8.4±4.7 (range, 0-40.4). All cases except one showed no dislocation or disability of the shoulder. The CT scans showed: 19 cases of which the step-off of articular surface was less than 2 mm; 4 cases of which the step-off was between 2 mm to 4 mm and 1 case of which the step-off was more than 4 mm. No severe osteoarthritis was identified at the latest follow-up, and only 1 patient at the age of 67 showed slight osteoarthritis. Two patients with shoulder anterior dislocation and rotator cuff tear committed significant restricted shoulder range of motion.@*Conclusion@#The arthroscopic simplified double-pulley double row suture technique was identified safe, effective and reliable for treating the bigger Ideberg Ia glenoid fracture. The technique is able to provide clear visulization of the fracture and achieve excellent clinical results.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 23-31, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868940

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcomes and radiological results of arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant to treat shoulder recurrent instability.Methods Data of 27 patients diagnosed as shoulder recurrent instability with the bone defect of 10%-15% from July 2016 to August 2018 who were treated by arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant were retrospectively analyzed.There were 20 males and 7 females with an average age of 30.8 years old (range,19-50).The bone loss of the glenoid was 10%-15%.The time between the first dislocation and the surgery was 24.1±15.8 months.The patients were treated with arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant.Postoperatively the affected shoulder was immobilized by the abduction brace for 6 weeks,after that the passive motion was applied.Strengthening exercise began at 10-12 weeks and sports was allowed after 6 months.Constant-Murley score and the Disabilities of Arm,Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were used to evaluate the shoulder function,and visual analogue score (VAS) score was used to evaluate the degree of pain.Computed tomography scans were obtained one week post-operation and at the latest follow-up,from which the length,width,height and volume of the bone graft were measured and the absorption rate of the bone graft was calculated.The subjective satisfaction degree of patients at the latest follow-up was also recorded.Results All 27 patients were followed up for 19.8 months (range,13-39 months).No infection or neurovascular injury was identified.At the latest follow-up,the Constant-Murley score was 85.15±5.62 (range,76-94),the DASH score 13.39±5.51 (range,3.19-21.95) and the VAS score 1.29±0.45 (range,1-2),thus all of those were improved significantly compared to those of pre-operation.At the latest follow-up,the anterior flexion was 153°±24°,lateral rotation by side 38°±21°,internal rotation 70°±21°,and abduction was 139°± 18°.At the latest follow-up,the absorption rate of the bone graft was 46.1%±20.6% (range,24.0%-71.7%).Among all the 27 patients,19 patients considered the outcome as very good,and 6 patients considered as good,2 patients fair.Conclusion Arthroscopic autologous scapular spine bone graft transplant could successfully treat shoulder recurrent instability with glenoid bone loss at 10%-15%.This technique could achieve satisfactory clinical results,improve glenohumeral stability,decrease the re-dislocation rate.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1-9, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868937

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical results of arthroscopic double-pulley double row suture technique for the treatment of bigger Ideberg Ⅰa glenoid fracture.Methods From January 2014 to July 2017,data of patients with Ideberg Ⅰa glenoid fracture who were treated by arthroscopic double-pulley double row suture technique were retrospectively analyzed.Totally 24 patients were enrolled of whom 13 were males and 11 were females.The mean age was 50.14±10.60 years (range,34-67).In those patients,there were 8 cases of glenoid fracture alone,4 cases of glenoid fracture associated with greater tuberosity fracture,5 cases of glenoid fracture with rotator cuff tear,4 cases of glenoid fracture with shoulder anterior dislocation and greater tuberosity fracture,2 cases of glenoid fracture with shoulder anterior dislocation and rotator cuff tear,and 1 case of shoulder anterior dislocation with ipsilateral distal radius fracture.The fragment accounts for 28.91±5.35% (range,25.1%-38.5%) of the glenoid articular surface.According to the size of the fragment,one medial row anchor was used to implant at the medial edge of the fracture bed of the anterior edge of the glenoid;two to four lateral row suture anchors were used to implant at the margin of the glenoid joint surface sequentially from low level to higher level,and simplified double-pulley technique was finally used to fix the fragment.The situation of fracture reduction and healing and the post-operative complications were evaluated.The Constant-Murley,DASH and VAS were also recorded.Results Satisfactory fracture reduction and fixation were achieved in all 24 patients.The mean followup time was 19.5 months (range,12-36).Mean VAS was 0.8±0.8 (range,0-2).The range of motion at the latest follow-up was:anterior flexion 145°-180° (mean,161.00°±5.77°),external rotation at the side 35°-60° (mean,46.43°±6.63°),internal rotation L3-T10 level.The mean Constant-Murley score was 88.1±3.7 (range,81-93),and mean DASH score was 8.4±4.7 (range,0-40.4).All cases except one showed no dislocation or disability of the shoulder.The CT scans showed:19 cases of which the step-off of articular surface was less than 2 mm;4 cases of which the step-off was between 2 mm to 4 mm and 1 case of which the step-off was more than 4 mm.No severe osteoarthritis was identified at the latest follow-up,and only 1 patient at the age of 67 showed slight osteoarthritis.Two patients with shoulder anterior dislocation and rotator cuff tear committed significant restricted shoulder range of motion.Conclusion The arthroscopic simplified double-pulley double row suture technique was identified safe,effective and reliable for treating the bigger Ideberg Ⅰa glenoid fracture.The technique is able to provide clear visulization of the fracture and achieve excellent clinical results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 415-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the tolerability and short-term efficacy of chemo-radiotherapy in 125 patients with stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection.@*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the rate of completion, toxicity and survival of patients undergoing adjuvant concurrent chemo-radiotherapy after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma from January 2004 to December 2014 in our institution. The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed using the log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model.@*Results@#122 patients received more than 50 Gy dose (97.6%). A total of 52 patients received more than 5 weeks chemo-radiotherapy (41.6%), while 73 patients underwent only 1-4 weeks (58.4%). The median following up was 48.4 months. 8 patients lost follow up (6.4%). The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rate were 91.6% and 57.0%, respectively, with a median survival time of 64.4 months. The 1-year and 3-year disease free survival rate were 73.2% and 54.3%, respectively, with a median disease free survival time of 59.1 months. The most common acute complications associated with chemo-radiotherapy were myelosuppression, radiation esophagitis and radiation dermatitis, the majority of which were Grade 1-2. Of the 125 patients, there were 59 cases of recurrence, including 23 cases with local regional recurrence, 26 cases with hematogenous metastasis, and 8 cases with mixed recurrence. Univariate analysis showed that the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with the overall survival (P=0.006). But receiving more than 5 weeks was not the prognostic factor compared to 1 to 4 weeks chemotherapy (P=0.231). Multivariate analysis showed that only the numbers of concurrent chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.010).@*Conclusions@#Postoperative radiotherapy concurrent with weekly chemotherapy could improve the overall survival and decrease the recurrence for stage ⅡB-ⅣA esophageal carcinoma after radical resection. However, the completion rate of chemotherapy was low, so it was necessary to explore reasonable regimens to improve the completion rate and carry out prospective randomized controlled trial.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 349-354, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810612

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the experience of the diagnosis, treatment and effects of the cases with coexistence of first branchial cleft anomaly(FBCA) and microtia with congenital aural atresia or stenosis(external auditory canal stenosis, EACS).@*Method@#This was a retrospective study. The clinical data of 5 patients with microtia and EACS in Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University from October 2015 to March 2018 were collected, including 3 males and 2 females, aged from 5 to 28 years. The clinical characteristics, imaging findings, treatment methods and effects of 5 patients were analyzed.@*Result@#The 5 cases were all coexistence of EACS and FBCA, three of who associated with cholesteatoma of external auditory canal. CT showed external auditory canal stenosis with soft tissue shadow, sometimes gas or bone septum found inside, filling in the external auditory canal, combined with canal bone destruction irregularly. All patients underwent surgical resection of FBCA, 3 patients accompanied by cholesteatoma resection and canalplasty. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 10 to 39 months, and no recurrence of infection was observed.@*Conclusions@#EACS and FBCA both result from maldevelopment of the first branchial cleft. These two malformations, FBCA and EACS with or without cholesteatoma, can occur simultaneously, in which situation CT shows external auditory canal stenosis with soft tissue shadow inside. These patients underwent surgical resection of FBCA combined with cholesteatoma resection with good result.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1067-1074, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734151

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of Philos plate and Multiloc intramedullary nail for 3-or 4-part proximal humeral fractures in the middle-aged and elderly patients.Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 52 middle-aged and elderly patients with 3-or 4-part proximal humeral fractures admitted to Sichuan Orthopedic Hospital from January 2014 to January 2016.The patients were divided into Philos plate group (27 patients) and Multilloc intramedullary nail group (25 patients) according to different treatment methods.In the Philos plate group,there were 11 males and 16 females,aged (59.3 ± 4.5) years.Based on the Neer classification,there were 16 patients with 3-part fracture,11 patients with 4-part fracture including two patients with 4-part fracture dislocation.There were eight patients with varus fracture and 19 patients with valgus fracture.In the Multiloc intramedullary nail group,there were 10 males and 15 females,aged (62.2 ± 7.4) years.Based on the Neer classification,there were 18 patients with 3-part fracture,seven patients with 4-part fracture including one with 3-part fracture dislocation and one with 4-part fracture dislocation.There were 12 patients with varus fracture and 13 with valgus fracture.The operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume,fracture healing time,neck-shaft angle changes and complications of humeral head ischemic necrosis were compared between the two groups.At the last follow-up,the motion range of affected shoulder joint,American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scale,Constant-Murley score and visual analogue score (VAS) were compared between the two groups.Results There was no significant difference in the operation time between the two groups (P > 0.05).The intraoperative bleeding volumes were 170-350 ml [(260.1 ± 110.3) ml] in the Philos plate group and 70-250 ml [(172.2 ± 100.3)ml] in the Multiloc intramedullary nail group,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).All incisions were healed by first intention,and no infection was found.The patients in the Philos plate group were followed up for 12-36 months [(17.2 ±6.5)months],and patients in the Multiloc intramedullary nail group for 12-36 months [(14.5 ± 4.7) months] (P > 0.05).All fractures were healed,with the healing time for 2.5-4 months [(3.5 ± 0.5)months] in the Philos plate group and for 2-3.3 months [(3.0 ± 0.5) months] in the Multiloc intramedullary nail group.The neck-shaft angle was lost to some degree in both groups at the last follow-up compared with the first day after operation,but the differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).The Philos plate group had a higher incidence rate of complication [22% (6/27)] than the Multiloc intramedullary nail group [12% (3/25)] (P < 0.05).Three patients in the Philos plate group had partial ischemic necrosis of the humeral head,while none was found in the Multiloc intramedullary nail group.There were no significant differences in active shoulder joint ante-flexion and uplift,lateral intorsion and extorsion,ASES score,Constant-Murley score and VAS between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions For 3-or 4-part proximal humeral fractures in middle-aged and elderly patients,both Philos plate and Multiloc nail can obtain stable and reliable fixation and achieve satisfactory results of shoulder joint function.However,the Philos plate fixation has more intraoperative bleeding,longer fracture healing time,and higher incidence rate of humeral head ischemic necrosis than the intramedullary nail.

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Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 46-48, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691742

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Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of Kirschner wire,reconstruction plate and locking compression plate internal fixation in the treatment of Robinson type 2A and 2B midshaft clavicle fracture.Methods One hundred and fifty patients with midshaft clavicle fracture in the hospital from August 2006 to August 2015 were selected and divided into the group A,B and C.The group A adopted Kirschner wire,group B adopted the reconstruction plate and group C adopted the locking compression plate internal fixation.Then the incision length,operative time,intraoperative blood loss,fracture healing time,postoperative Constant-Murley scores and DASH scores and postoperative complications incidence rate were compared among the three groups.Results The incision length,operative time and intraoperative blood loss in the group A and C were significantly better than those in the group B(P<0.05).The fracture healing time,postoperative activity,muscle strength and daily life score,postoperative complications incidence rate,postoperative DASH score in the group C were significantly better than those in the group A and B(P<0.05).Conclusion The locking compression plate in the treatment of Robinson type 2A and 2B midshaft clavicle fracture can effectively reduce the surgical trauma,shortens the fracture healing time and decreases the postoperative complications.

17.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 353-356,365, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610535

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We investigated the epidemiological characteristics of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (E.coli) infection in Fujian Province,providing reference for the prevention and control of diarrhea epidemic and outbreak.Yanping and Yongan areas were selected as surveillance sites from year 2010 to 2015,where 1 950 samples were collected from the sentinel hospitals,and then samples were isolated and cultured on MacConkey agar plates.Suspected strains were identified by routine and molecular diag nosis technique methods.Results were analyzed by SPSS 17.0 software package.A total of 129 strains of diarrheagenic E.coli were isolated with a total detection rate of 6.62%.The detection rates of enteropathogenic E.coli(EPEC),enterotoxigenic E.coli(ETEC) and enteroadhesive E.coli(EAEC) were 3.33%,1.64% and 1.64% respectively (including 61 strains of atypical EPEC,4 strains of typical EPEC,and 32 strains of ETEC and EAEC for each),while EHEC and EIEC were not found.There was no significant difference between the detection rates of male and female.All the patients were divided into five groups according to the age,and there were no significant differences between the detection rates of EPEC,EAEC and ETEC in the 5 groups.The detection rates were the highest in August and September.There was no significant difference between the detection rates of rural area and uban area.There was also no significant difference between the composition ratio of diarrheagenic E.coli (DEC) in the two surveillance sites.In conclusion,there were three kinds of DEC in Fujian Province,and EPEC was the dominant.August and September were the months with the highest detection rates.Children age less than five and adult aged 20 59 years were the high risk groups with DEC infection.More attention should be attached on the rational treatment by antibiotic for DEC.

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Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 744-748, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620253

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Objective To evaluate the efficacy of rescue treatment for recurrent esophageal cancer after radical esophagectomy, and to provide insights into the development of comprehensive treatment for esophageal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 218 patients who were confirmed with recurrent metastatic esophageal cancer after R0 resection and received rescue treatment in our hospital from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.The survival rate was determined by the Kaplan-Meier method.Univariate and multivariate prognostic analyses were performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model, respectively.Results The median post-recurrence follow-up time was 53 months.The 1-and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after recurrence were 57.2% and 24.4%, respectively.Among the 163 patients with local recurrence, the 1-and 3-year OS rates were 70% and 42% for patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (n=40), 55% and 24% for those with radiotherapy alone (n=106), and 23% and 8% for those with supportive therapy (n=13)(chemoradiotherapy vs.radiotherapy alone P=0.045, radiotherapy alone vs.supportive therapy P=0.004;none of the patients who were treated with chemotherapy alone survived for one year or more).Univariate analysis showed that N staging, TNM staging, and post-recurrence rescue treatment regimen were independent prognostic factors for esophageal cancer (all P=0.001).On the other hand, multivariate analysis indicated that only rescue treatment regimen was the independent prognostic factor for esophageal cancer (P=0.013).Conclusions Rescue chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone can bring significant survival benefits for patients with recurrent and metastatic, especially locally recurrent, esophageal cancer following radical esophagectomy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 46-50, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462023

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Objective To investigate the influences of Xuebijing injection on organs' ultra-microstructure in septic shock rats. Methods Fifteen male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of clean grade were selected. According to the method of random digits table, all of them were divided into three groups: sham operation group, model group and Xuebijing treated group, 5 rats being in each group. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was adopted to reproduce abdominal cavity infection leading to sepsis model formation. While the rats in sham operation group just underwent abdominal median incision, abdominal exploration and closure of abdominal wall after flipping retrocecal region. In the Xuebijing treated group, within 1 hour after the operation, Xuebijing injection (4 mL/kg) was transfused through the catheter inserted in the femoral vein, and then normal saline (2 mL·kg-1·h-1) was continuously transfused until the rat being sacrificed. In the sham operation group and model group, equal volume of normal saline was given after operation. The blood pressure of all the rats was monitored continuously by a pressure device connected with a catheter inserted in the right carotid artery. The rats were observed for 12 hours, afterwards they were sacrificed, the samples of heart, lung, kidney and liver were taken, and their ultrastructural changes were observed under an electron microscope. Results The blood pressure of sham operation group was decreased a little with time extension, but within normal limits. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) of model group and Xuebijing treated group developed into a state of sepsis shock at 9 hours and 10 hours after operation respectively, and MAP were lower than 70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). The MAP levels of model and Xuebijing groups at 11 hours after operation were lower significantly than those of sham operation group (mmHg:58.7±7.0, 58.7±8.3 vs. 91.0±8.2, both P0.05). The results of the observation with electron microscope:the structures of heart, lung, liver and kidney in sham operation group were basically normal;all the organs of model group appeared different degrees of structural damage. Compared with model group, the injury of heart and lung in Xuebijing treated group was milder, especially, the changes of cellular mitochondria were obvious;however, there was no significant difference in injury of kidney and liver between the model and Xuebijing treated groups. Conclusion Xuebijing injection can play a certain role in stabilizing the circulatory system in rats with septic shock, and can possibly ameliorate the heart and lung damage caused by infection and shock.

20.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 787-792, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455110

ABSTRACT

The emergence of atypical El Tor strains from V .cholerae in South Asia and Africa has been attributed to several outbreaks in recent decades ,however ,backgrounds of such strains in China remain exclusive .In this study ,PCR am-plification of both El Tor and classical alleles for ctxB ,tcpA ,rstR and hlyA genes was attempted in sixty-nine El Tor isolates from Fujian between 1962 to 2005 ,in addition ,some amplicons were sequence-analyzed .Thus ,the time point of atypical EVC strains in Fujian was determined ,genetic diversities of such strains were investigated .It was revealed that ctxB-Cl ,tcpA-Cl and hlyA genes were detected in O1 serogroup EVC isolates from Fujian since 1962 .Although rstR-Cl gene was solely detected in isolates between 1994 to 2000 .It was indicated by sequence analysis that atypical EVC strains from Fujian possessed a novel T→G mutation at residual 204 of the ctxB gene .Remarkably ,two novel ctxB genotypes (ctxB-10 and ctxB-11) were identified in one strain .The residual 115-C of ctxB in ctxB-11 showed characteristics of ctxB-Cl ,however ,its residual 203-T demonstra-ted characteristics of ctxB-El .This observation implied that it was common in O1 serogroup EVC strains from Fujian hybrid-ized with classical alleles since 1962 ,which would be the earliest time-point for the emergence of atypical El Tor strains hitherto in literature .Emergence of atypical El Tor strains harboring rstR-Cl in Fujian occurred since 1994 .Meanwhile ,novel mutation sites and ctxB genotypes were observed in Fujian isolates ,including diverse combination of ctxB genotypes in one strain and combination of biotype-specific sites in ctxB sequences .In summary ,molecular characterization of O 1 serogroup EVC strains from Fujian was unique and geography-associated .

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