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1.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 48-52, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895866

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are widely used for contraception in South Korea. However, several complications of IUDs have been reported, including inflammation, obstruction, perforation, and fistula. IUD perforation is the rarest of these complications but is also severe. Migrated IUDs can be retrieved through endoscopy, laparoscopy, or laparotomy. Presented below is an atypical case of an IUD perforating the sigmoid colon, which could not be removed endoscopically, and was subsequently incompletely removed through laparoscopic surgery. The present case underlines the importance of appropriate diagnosis and treatment approach in the management of IUD perforation.

2.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 48-52, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903570

ABSTRACT

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are widely used for contraception in South Korea. However, several complications of IUDs have been reported, including inflammation, obstruction, perforation, and fistula. IUD perforation is the rarest of these complications but is also severe. Migrated IUDs can be retrieved through endoscopy, laparoscopy, or laparotomy. Presented below is an atypical case of an IUD perforating the sigmoid colon, which could not be removed endoscopically, and was subsequently incompletely removed through laparoscopic surgery. The present case underlines the importance of appropriate diagnosis and treatment approach in the management of IUD perforation.

3.
The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine ; : 12-19, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811452

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the average time to return to play following surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability in athletes.METHODS: A literature search was conducted (1976 to 2019) by two independent reviewers using the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library databases. Articles were retrieved by an electronic search using individual keywords (“lateral ankle instability,” “surgery,” “operation,” “return to sport,” “return to play”) and their combinations. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were assessed for pertinent data.RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials were included in this analysis. The mean follow-up period was 44.8 months (range, 31.8–58.1 months) in 219 patients (male, 126; female, 113). The mean age was 23.2 years (range, 18.2–28.2 years). Different criteria for returning to sports were used in each paper. In the papers included in this study, different methods and definitions were used for the postoperative recovery method for lateral ankle instability injury. The average time until return to play was 16.53 weeks.CONCLUSION: There are limitations to the application of different surgical techniques and data from different athletes for chronic lateral ankle instability. However, these results suggest that sports physicians evaluate the surgical outcome and may be utilized as reference data for informing the athletes about their time until return.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Ankle Injuries , Ankle , Athletes , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Return to Sport , Sports
4.
Gastrointestinal Intervention ; : 123-130, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739182

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) is a major cause of hospital admission and death. Endoscopic treatment is an important therapeutic modality for the treatment of GIB, and can involve injection therapy, thermal therapy, hemoclipping, and ligation therapy. In addition to hemostatic devices, new endoscopic techniques such as capsule endoscopy and balloon-assisted enteroscopy have been developed. The causes, therapeutic modalities, and outcomes of GIB differ according to bleeding source. This review comprehensively describes the outcomes of endoscopic treatment of GIB.


Subject(s)
Capsule Endoscopy , Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Ligation , Treatment Outcome
5.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 148-160, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195334

ABSTRACT

Capsule endoscopy (CE) enables evaluation of the entire mucosal surface of the small bowel (SB), which is one of the most important steps for evaluating obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Although the diagnostic yield of SB CE depends on many clinical factors, there are no reports on quality indicators. Thus, the Korean Gut Image Study Group (KGISG) publishes an article titled, “Quality Indicators for Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy” under approval from the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE). Herein, we initially identified process quality indicators, while the structural and outcome indicators are reserved until sufficient clinical data are accumulated. We believe that outcomes of SB CE can be improved by trying to meet our proposed quality indicators.


Subject(s)
Capsule Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Hemorrhage
6.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 328-333, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184061

ABSTRACT

The balloon-assisted enteroscope has been regarded as the standard device for direct visualization of deep small bowels and allows for the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel disease. At the beginning, its application was focused on the diagnosis of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, inflammatory bowel disease, and small bowel tumor. However, the indications are being expanded to various therapeutic procedures, not only confined to bleeding control. With the expansion of the indications, the need to perform enteroscopy effectively and safely is increasing. Recent studies have been focused on the diagnostic yield, therapeutic yield, and long-term outcomes of the device. However, with the increasing number of procedures, procedural guidelines and quality indicators are also needed.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
7.
Gut and Liver ; : 253-260, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In some cases, chronic diarrhea is unexplained, and small bowel disorders may be one of the causes. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic yield and clinical impact of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) in patients with chronic diarrhea. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed records from October 2002 to August 2013 in the VCE nationwide database registry (n=2,964). Ninety-one patients from 15 medical centers (60 males and 31 females; mean age, 47±19 years) were evaluated for VCE as a result of chronic diarrhea. RESULTS: The duration of chronic diarrhea was 8.3±14.7 months. The positive diagnostic yield of VCE was 42.9% (39/91). However, 15.4% (14/91) exhibited an inconsistent result, and 41.8% (38/91) were negative. Abnormal findings consistent with chronic diarrhea included erosions/aphthous ulcers (19.8%), ulcers (17.6%), mucosal erythema (3.3%), edema (1.1%), and luminal narrowing (1.1%). The most common diagnoses were functional diarrhea associated with irritable bowel syndrome in 37 patients (40.7%) and Crohn’s disease in 18 patients (19.8%). After VCE examination, the diagnosis was changed in 34.1% of the patients (31/91). Hematochezia (odds ratio [OR], 8.802; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.126 to 36.441) and hypoalbuminemia (OR, 4.811; 95% CI, 1.241 to 18.655) are predictive factors of a positive diagnostic yield. CONCLUSIONS: VCE had a favorable diagnostic yield and clinical impact on the management of patients with chronic diarrhea.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Capsule Endoscopy , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Edema , Erythema , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hypoalbuminemia , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Phenobarbital , Retrospective Studies , Ulcer
8.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 69-78, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a wellness index for workers (WIW) and examine the validity and reliability of the WIW for assessing workers' wellness. METHODS: The developmental process for the instrument included construction of a conceptual framework based on a wellness model, generation of initial items, verification of content validity, preliminary study, extraction of final items, and psychometric testing. Content validity was verified by 4 experts from occupational health nursing and wellness disciplines. The construct validity, convergent validity and discriminant validity were examined with confirmatory factor analysis. The reliability was examined with Cronbach's alpha. The participants were 494 workers from two workplaces. RESULTS: Eighteen items were selected for the final scale, and the results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported a five-factor model of wellness with acceptable model fit, and factors named as physical . emotional . social . intellectual . occupational wellness. The convergent and discriminant validity were also supported. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was .91. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the WIW is a valid and reliable instrument to comprehensively assess workers' wellness, and to provide basic directions for developing workplace wellness program.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Health Promotion , Health Status , Occupational Health Services , Program Development , Program Evaluation , Psychometrics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace
9.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 138-143, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165664

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old woman underwent a total mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer (pT1N0M), and then recurred in the right lung followed by the pancreas. Lung lobectomy and pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy were performed, and systemic chemotherapies including trastuzumab were sequentially administered. However, metastasis to the pancreatic tail was detected. She underwent image-guided radiation therapy, but this was not effective. Lapatinib plus capecitabine combination was administered as forth-line treatment and the metastatic lesion was disappeared. She is continuing this regimen with a complete response for 48 months until now.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Lung , Mastectomy, Simple , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreas , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided , Tail , Capecitabine , Trastuzumab
10.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 11-16, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54792

ABSTRACT

Freiberg's disease is a osteochondrosis of a metatarsal head that is recognized as primarily a disorder of the second metatarsal. It is seen more often in girls. Pain and limitation of motion of the affected joint is the predominant clincal feature. The radiographic appearance demonstrates from osteosclerosis in the early stage to osteolysis with collapse in the later stage. Conservative therapy may take the form of rest, a stiff shoe, and even a cast support to decrease the stress across the joint. Surgical intervention may also be of benefit. Surgery have been attempted either to modify the diseae process or to salvage the situation once the metatarsophalangeal joint develops degenerative changes. Metatarsophalangeal joint instability is common cause of forefoot pain that can develop in association with a traumatic episode and inflamatory tissue disorders as well as neighboring toe deformities. The second ray is by far the most frequently involved. The diagnosis can be made by clinical observation and physical examination including drawer test. Many surgical procedures have beem recommended when conservative treatment has failed. Procedures described range from soft tissue releases and tendon trasfer to the direct plantar plate repair combined with a Weil osteotomy.


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities , Head , Joints , Metatarsal Bones , Metatarsophalangeal Joint , Metatarsus , Osteochondritis , Osteochondrosis , Osteolysis , Osteosclerosis , Osteotomy , Physical Examination , Shoes , Tendons , Toes
11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 483-488, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53822

ABSTRACT

We developed age, gender and ethnic specific brain templates based on MR and Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) images of Korean normal volunteers. Seventy-eight normal right-handed volunteers (M/F=49/29) underwent 3D T1-weighted SPGR MR and F-18-FDG PET scans. For the generation of standard templates, an optimal target brain that has the average global hemispheric shape was selected for each gender. MR images were then spatially normalized by linear transformation to the target brains, and normalization parameters were reapplied to PET images. Subjects were subdivided into 2 groups for each gender: the young/midlife (<55 yr) and the elderly groups. Young and elderly MRI/PET templates were composed by averaging the spatially normalized images. Korean templates showed different shapes and sizes (mean length, width, and height of the brains were 16.5, 14.3 and 12.1 cm for man, and 15.6, 13.5 and 11.4 cm for woman) from the template based on Caucasian (18.3, 14.2, and 13.3 cm). MRI and PET templates developed in this study will provide the framework for more accurate stereotactic standardization and anatomical localization.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Comparative Study , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Sex Factors
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