Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 16 de 16
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1112-1121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical strategy of posterior correction of cervicothoracic scoliosis in children and adolescents, and to analyze the curative effect of surgical correction.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 14 patients with cervicothoracic scoliosis who underwent surgical treatment in the department of spine surgery of our hospital from January 2014 to June 2020, including 9 female and 5 male patients. 8 patients were treated with Halo traction before surgery.Among them, 7 patients were treated by posterior column osteotomy and fusion surgery, 7 patients were treated byposterior approach hemivertebra osteotomy. The scoliosis Cobb angle, T 1 tilt angle, clavicle angle, neck tilt angle, shoulder height difference, sagittal balance distance, coronal balance distance and local kyphosis angle were measured compared among before operation, after operation, at 1 year follow-up and at the last follow-up to evaluate the effect of surgical treatment and the correction loss at follow-up. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded, and the Scoliosis Research Society question naires-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire was completed preoperatively and at 24-month follow-up to evaluate the functional status and treatment effect. Results:All 14 patients successfully completed the operation, the operation time was 6.85±1.79 h (range, 5-11 h); the intraoperative blood loss was 685.71±265.61 ml (range, 400-1 200 ml), and the follow-up time was 37.28±13.75 months (range, 24-72 months). The Cobb angle of the main curve was 50.20°±15.19° preoperatively, 10.91°±6.46° postoperatively , 10.53°±6.42° at 1-year follow-up, and 10.14°±5.95° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=45.55, P<0.001), the preoperative and postoperative difference was statistically significant ( t=10.62, P<0.001) with a correction rate of 78.32%±11.41%. The T 1 inclination angle was 16.08°±8.06° before operation, 3.71°±2.40° after operation, 4.05°±1.94° at 1-year follow-up, and 3.97°±2.04° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=10.55, P=0.001), the preoperative and postoperative difference was statistically significant ( t=6.37, P<0.001) with a correction rate of 69.56%±25.86%. The neck tilt angle was 7.45°±3.72° before operation, 2.45°±1.12° after operation, 2.75°±0.89° at 1-year follow-up, and 3.10°±2.01° at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=6.65, P=0.008), in which postoperative correction rate was 57.92%±25.41%, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.69, P<0.001). The data of shoulder height difference before operation did not conform to normal distribution (Shapiro-Wilk test, P=0.017), it was 0.97 (0.54, 1.32) cm before operation and 0.53±0.40 cm after operation, and the postoperative correction rate was 50.17%±27.38%, the difference was statistically significant ( Z=3.18, P=0.001). The total score of SRS-22 questionnaire was increased from 4.21±0.29 preoperatively to 4.81±0.17 at 24-month follow-up ( t=7.35, P<0.001). Except for one patient with transient upper limb numbness, the other 13 patients showed no obvious intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion:Both posterior column osteotomy with fusion and posterior hemivertebra osteotomy are effective in the treatment of cervicothoracic scoliosis, and the surgeon can make individual treatment plans according to different conditions.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 116-120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885802

ABSTRACT

There are still differences in the surgical treatment of children with pulmonary atresia(PA-VSD) with ventricular septal defect. The high rate of postoperative complications and reoperation intervention is still a problem that plagues surgeons. There are few reports on the understanding of the anatomy and physiological functions of MAPCAs. This article systematically reviews and analyzes domestic and foreign literature, and reviews the anatomical classification, surgical management strategies and related complications of PA-VSD patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 744-754, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of deformed complex vertebral osteotomy (DCVO) technique on the treatment of angular kyphosis of cured spinal tuberculosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on patients with angular kyphosis of cured spinal tuberculosis who underwent the DCVO technique or posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) technique from Jan, 2007 to Jan, 2019. 33 patients were included, 18 males and 15 females, the average age was 39.5±15.0 years old (ranged 9-78 years old). The vertebral deformity in thoracic vertebrae 14 cases, thoracolumbar vertebrae 16 cases, and lumbar vertebrae 3 cases. 20 cases underwent the DCVO technique, while 13 cases underwent PVCR technique. For DCVO group, the multiple malformed vertebrae were considered a malformed complex, and a larger range and angle wedge osteotomy was performed within the complex using the DCVO technique. PVCR technique would resect the whole deformed vertebrae, and subsequently brought the two separated spinal columns together with instruments and titanium mesh. The intro-operative blood loss, operating time and complications were recorded. The radiological measurements included preoperative and postoperative spinopelvic parameters, which including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS) and segmental kyphosis. The recovery of neurological function was evaluated by Frankle classification.Results:All patients were followed up for 7-72 months. Comparing with the cases underwent PVCR technique, the DCVO group has a significantly lower blood loss (1315.00±462.57 ml), operating time (293.00±83.86 min) and complications rate (1.5%). At the time of preoperation, postoperation and last follow-up, the deformity angle of DCVO group was 96.80°±6.32°, 29.10°±6.96°and 29.05°±6.49°, which gained an average 69.9% correction rate. The statistical analysis suggested that deformity angle was enormously corrected. And there was an insignificant difference between DCVO group and PVCR group. Meanwhile, the preoperative, postoperative and follow-up TK of DCVO group was 96.96°±29.13°, 37.15°±4.88° and 37.00°±3.89°respectively, whosecorrection rate was 67.1%; LL was 66.70°±21.21°, 42.25°±5.53° and 41.90°±4.98°, which have a significant difference between pre-operation and post-operation/follow-up ( F=23.997, P<0.001) ; SVA was 75.95±18.63 mm, 16.30±6.88 mm and 16.55±7.30 mm. PI was 47.50°±6.12°, 47.35°±5.54°and 47.90°±5.93°, PT was 37.25°±9.63°, 18.50°±1.99° and 19.00°±1.65°; SS was 10.25°±8.27°, 29.15°±5.91° and 28.85°±5.77°. The sagittal and spinopelvic parameters of two groups improved significantly at postoperation and follow-up. No obviously difference of spinal parameters was found between two groups at preoperation and postoperation. Both groups have cases with dysneuria. And all of these cases achieved different degrees of recovery at follow-up. Conclusion:The use of DCVO technique for the treatment of post-tubercular angular kyphosis is safe and efficiency. DCVO leads a better clinical outcomes and lower complication rate than VCR technique.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 947-950, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734780

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate computed tomography venography (CTV) in diagnosis of iliac vein stenosis or occlusion.Methods From Jun 2015 to Jun 2017,168 CVD patients with CEAP clinically graded at 4 to 6 underwent evaluation with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) CTV and colour Doppler ultrasound.Taking DSA as standard,the diagnostic value of CTV and colour Doppler ultrasound were analyzed and compared.Results DSA established diagnosis of 95 cases,compared with DSA,CTV's and colour Doppler ultrasound's sensitivity,specificity,positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio was 87.4% and 64.2%,94.5% and 98.6%,15.89 and 45.86 and 0.13 and 0.36.Compared with colour Doppler ultrasound,CTV's sensitivity was significantly higher (P < 0.05,the 95 % confidence intervals were 0.764-14.257),and there was no significant difference between them in aspect of specificity (P =0.375,the 95% confidence intervals were 0.943-0.986),Kappa value was 0.809(P <0.05,the 95% confidence intervals were 0.714-0.893),0.597 (P < 0.05,the 95% confidence intervals were 0.464-0.717).Conclusion In the diagnosis of CVD combined with iliac and femoral venous stenosis,CTV has outstanding sensitivity,specificity,and good conformancy with that of DSA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1377-1384, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668755

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of using the expanding pedicle subtraction osteotomy (E-PSO) technique for the treatment of congenital severe thoracic angular kyphotic deformity.Methods We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of 13patients with congenital severe kyphosis admitted to our hospital from January 2010 to June 2015 including 5 males and 8 females,the average age is (34.9±20.5) years old (ranged 15-55 years old).The vertebral deformity in T7~83 cases,T8~93 cases,T9~102 cases,T10~114 cases,T9~111 case.All cases were treated by E-PSO technique.The multi-malformed vertebrae are considered as a complexus.And the osteotomy was performed within the complexus.The superior and inferior endplate of the complexus were reserved.After the osteotomy was completed,alternately pressed tightly closed the upper and lower parts.Results All cases were followed up for 10-42 months,with an average of 32 months.At the time of preoperation,postoperation andthe last follow-up,the deformity angle was 107.0°±3.5°,23.5°± 1.5° and 23.5°±0.2°;TK was 98.1°±7.6°,28.9°±3.0° and 29.5°±0.1 °,LL was 94.1 °± 1.5°,43.7°± 1.3° and 44.1 °±5.3°;SVA was (-0.6±39) mm,(1.6±7.9) mm and (6±0.7) mm,respectively;PI was 28.9°±1.6°,31.7±12.3°and 31.9°±2.1°;PT was 17.7°±1.9°,13.4°±3.4°and 13.1°±4.2°,SS was 11.3°±0.4°,18.2°±1.1° and 18.7°±2.1°,respectively.The sagittal parameters and spinopelvic parameters except SVA were significantly improved in the post-operation and the last follow-up compared with the pre-operation according to the image data.No significant loss of correction occurred during the follow-up,and there was no statistical difference.The preoperative VAS score was (5.7± 1.4) points,ODI score was (19.8±12.7) points.The last follow-up VAS score was (1.9±0.7) points,the ODI score was (9.2±0.7) points.No case of nerve damage,infection and other complications,and no dissection,displacement and rupture of internal fixation were found during the follow-up.Conclusion The use of E-PSO technique for the treatment of congenital severe thoracic kyphotic kyphosis is feasible and can achieve better curative effect.

6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 854-859, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606827

ABSTRACT

Primary cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy represents the standard treatment for patients with advanced ovarian cancer.But some patients with advanced ovarian cancer still have suboptimal residual disease after the primary debulking surgery.Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been suggested as an alternative strategy to achieve no residual disease.It is important to find methods to estimate the likelihood that cytoreductive surgery will leave no residual disease.A number of studies have evaluated the use of serologic markers (such as CA125),imaging modalities (such as CT,PETCT,MRI),and laparoscopic surgery to determine which patients are ideal predictors for neoadjuvant chemotherapy.As a new approach of assessment for preoperative evaluation regarding cytoreduction,laparoscopic surgery deserves further research.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4261-4268, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494670

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There are few studies concerning estrogen receptorβgene, and its mechanism of regulating the bone metabolism is stil unclear now. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the effect of estrogen receptorβ(ERβ) silencing on the expressions of transforming growth factorβ1 (TGF-β1) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) in human osteoblasts METHODS:There were three groups:blank control group (hFOB 1.19 uninfected with any retrovirus);negative control group (containing invalid interference fragment ERβ-shRNA-nc);optimal RNAi group (ERβ-shRNA-3). ERβ-shRNA retroviral vectors in the optimal RNAi group were used to transfect human osteoblasts fol owed by resistance screening and cel expansion. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferative activity of ERβ-silenced osteoblasts. Then under estrogen intervention, the stable inhibition rate of ERβwas determined using western blot assay, and the expressions of TGF-β1 and BMP-2 in human osteoblasts after ERβsilencing were detected by RT-PCR technology and western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Human osteoblasts that were stably transfected by ERβ-shRNA-3 retroviral vector was selected successful y, and ERβsilencing had no significant influence on the cel proliferation (P>0.05). Under the interference of estrogen, the silencing efficiency of ERβprotein was (93.11±0.57)%(P<0.05), and after ERβsilencing, the expressions of TGF-β1 and BMP-2 were increased by (26.65±3.81)%and (16.62±1.71)%at mRNA level, and increased by (23.79±3.76)%and (18.08±3.20)%at protein level (both P<0.05). In conclusion, ERβmay play an important role in bone metabolism by regulating the expressions of TGF-β1 and BMP-2.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 641-650, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493607

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the minimum 5?year follow?up outcomes of surgical management by posterior only ap?proaches, anterior only approaches and combined posterior and anterior approaches for thoracic tuberculosis in adults, and evalu?ate the mid term follow?up results of posterior only approaches. Methods All of 184 patients with monosegment thoracic tubercu?losis between January 2003 and November 2010 were studied retrospectively. Among these patients, 62 cases were treated with posterior debridement combine with interbody fusion (PO group), 65 cases were treated by posterior instrumentation, anterior de?bridement and bone graft in one or two?stage procedures (AP Group ), and 57 cases were treated by anterior only approach (AO Group). The operation time, blood loss, Visual Analogue Scale, complications, recovery of neurological function, kyphosis angle, correction rate and loss angle were respectively compared between each group. Results Comparison of postoperative curative ef?fects showed:mean operation time and blood loss:PO group (260.05±30.75 min,735.95±161.43 ml) was better than AP group (411.65 ± 55.61 min, 1178.65 ± 184.50 ml)and AO group (343.65 ± 24.74 min, 965.35 ± 122.59 ml);corrective angle and correction rate:PO group (6.78°±1.13°, 72.48%±12.97%) and AP group (6.97°±1.05°, 73.10%±11.42%) were better than AO group (13.98°± 1.73°, 44.95%±16.84%);bed time:PO group and AO group were shorter than AP group. Mid term follow?up outcomes showed:ky?phosis angle and loss angle:PO group (8.56°±1.09°, 1.89°±1.41°) and AP group (8.55°±1.65°, 1.63°±1.11°) were better than AO group (16.39°±1.59°, 2.80°±1.29°);bone fusion time, VAS and recovery of neurological function:there were no statistically differ?ence in all groups. Conclusion The mid term follow?up outcomes of posterior debridement combined with interbody fusion is sat?isfied in the management of monosegment thoracic tuberculosis. It is a safe and effective method.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 651-661, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493606

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the minimum 5?year follow?up outcomes of surgical management by posterior only, anterior only and combined posterior and anterior approaches for lumbar tuberculosis in adults, evaluate the mid?term follow?up results of the surgery for the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis and explore its advantages and indications. Methods From Jun 2004 to Jan 2010, 311 adult patients with lumbar tuberculosis were treated surgically. The clinical data of 137 cases that met the enrolled criteria and had integrity following?up data was analyzed retrospectively. It included the patients who had the surgical indication of the posterior only surgery but underwent the anterior only or the combined posterior and anterior ap?proaches before 2008. There were 83 cases of male and 54 cases of female. The age ranged from 20 to 75 years, with a mean of 65.6 years. Among these patients, 63 cases were treated with single?stage posterior debridement, interbody fusion and instru?mentation (the posterior group); 42 cases were treated with posterior instrumentation, and anterior debridement and bone graft in a single or two?stage procedures (the combined group) and 32 cases were treated with anterior debridement and strut graft?ing with instrumentation (the anterior group). Trauma index (the operation time, blood loss, the length of hospital stay, compli?cations);imaging parameters (Segment kyphotic angle, corrective rate, loss angle, bone fusion time) and the quality?of?life indi?cators (Oswestry Disability Index、Frankle grade、visual analogue scale、Macnab score) were compared among three groups. Re?sults The mean operation time, mean blood loss and the complications rate were (207.9 ± 30.9) min, (409.5 ± 107.9) ml and 12.95%in the posterior group;(270.7±32.0) min, (649.0±120.0) ml and 30.95%in the anterior group;(349.7±38.9) min, (840.0± 168.7) ml and 25%in the combined group. The operation time, blood loss and the complications rate of the posterior group were less than the anterior group and the combined group, and the difference was significant;The combined group consumed the longest operation time, associated with the most intraoperative blood loss, the highest complication rate and the longest hospital stay among the three groups, and the difference was significant. The correction rate of kyphosis achieved of the anterior group ( 52%± 5.45%) was significantly inferior to the posterior group (74%±5.04%) and the combined group (69%±7.95%), while the loss of cor?rection in the anterior group (2.5°) was higher than both the posterior group (0.8°) and the combined group (1.1°), and the differ?ence was significant. The average follow?up was(6.5±1.96)years (range, 5-11). The mean bone fusion time of the posterior group, the anterior group and the combined group were (6.0±1.5) months, (6.2±1.3) months and (6.5±1.6) months respectively, and there was no statistic difference. After the surgery, the quality of life was improved obviously in all patients. At the time of the latest fol?low?up, the improvement rate of the ODI,VAS and the excellent and good rate according to the Macnab score were 80.6%±2.1%, 81.7%± 1.6%and 95.24%in the posterior group;79.8%± 1.5%, 79.7%± 2.0%and 92.95%in the anterior group;81.3%± 1.1%, 79.9%±0.8%and 90.63%in the combined group. There was no significant difference among the groups in the improvement rates of the ODI, VAS, Frankel grade and the excellent and good rate of the Macnab score. Conclusion The Mid?term follow?up of the different surgical procedures for the treatment of the lumbar tuberculosis in adults were basically satisfactory. Compared with the traditional surgery, the posterior?only surgery is a safe, minimally invasive and effective method in the management of monoseg?ment lumbar tuberculosis in adults.

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1313-1319, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467110

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the clinical efficacy and feasibility of multiple special formed titanium mesh cages (TMCs) to treat lumbo-sacral spinal tuberculosis via posterior approach. Methods: From July, 2007 to June, 2013, 25 patients with lumbo-sacral spinal tuberculosis underwent one-stage posterior debridement, internal if xation, and interbody fusion using multiple special formed titanium meshes. We compared the parameters as follow: the pre- and post-operative American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score, lumbo-sacral angle, the height of intervertebral space, visual analogue scale (VAS), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and observedoperation time, intraoperative blood loss, and time of bone gratf fusion. Results: Operation time ranged from 90 to 180 min, (128±24) min in average. Blood loss in the operation ranged from 100 to 800 mL, (310±125) mL in average. hTe patients were followed up for 24 to 59 months, (43±7) months in average. One patient delayed healing of wound. ASIA score was improved in a certain degree in patients with neurological dysfunctions. hTe lumbo-sacral angle and the height of intervertebral space in the post-operation were signiifcantly higher than those in the pre-operation (P<0.001). VAS was reduced obviously atfer 2 weeks of operation. hTe ESR recovered to the normal level 6 months atfer operation in all the patients. Solid fusion was achieved within 4 to 8 months, 6 months in average. No sinus tract, cerebrospinal meningitis, tuberculosis recurrence and titanium mesh subsidence were found. Conclusion: For lumbo-sacral tuberculosis, multiple special formed titanium mesh cages via posterior approach is safe and effective, which is good to the stability in spine reconstruction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 774-777, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456978

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of one-stage posterior-anterior approach surgery for patients with cervical fracture and dislocation combined with locked facet.Methods A retrospective review was conducted on 21 cases of cervical dislocation and fracture combined with locked facet treated by one-stage posterior-anterior approach surgery between April 2011 and December 2012.There were 16 males and 5 females at age ranging from 23 to 61 years (mean,38.3 years).Posterior unlocking reduction by partial facetectomy and lateral mass screw fixation was performed,followed by anterior decompression,internal fixation and interbody fusion by titanium meshes.Outpatient or telephone follow-up was performed to evaluate bone fusion and recovery of neurologic function.Results Mean operation time was 140 minutes (130-210 minutes) and mean blood loss was 340 ml (range,150-600 ml).All incisions got primary healing with no operation-correlated complications.Five patients complicated with severe lung infection after surgery and one died of respiratory failure two week later.Titanium meshes achieved bone fusion within 3-9 months (mean,6 months) after surgery.At a mean follow-up of 17 months (range,12-30 months),there was no implant breakage and mesh displacement or collapse.According to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score,preoperative neurologic deficit restored by mean one grade at final follow-up.Conclusion One-stage posterior-anterior approach surgery is an ideal choice for cervical fracture and dislocation combined with locked facet,for it provides unlocking reduction,canal decompression,and rigid reconstruction of the anterior-posterior column.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7188-7198, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437498

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies concerning how estrogen receptorβparticipates in bone metabolism are few now. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of estrogen receptorβon the expression of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand in human osteblast-like cells. METHODS:The retrovirus with the most effective interference sequence and non-specific short hairpin RNA was used to transfect human osteoblast-like cellMG63 in order to screen out the stable colon, and then amplified and cultured. The blank control and non-specific short hairpin RNA were used as control, and the stable inhibition rate of estrogen receptorβwas detected. The 17β-estradiol was added into the cells in three groups, that were MG63 cells, short hairpin RNA retrovirus estrogen receptorβ-mediated MG63 cells and negative control short hairpin RNA retrovirus-medicated MG63 cells, in order to detect the expressions of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand mRNA in human osteoblast-like cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The human osteoblast-like MG63 cellline was further stably transfected with pRNAT-H1.4/Retro-estrogen receptorβshort hairpin RNA3, and then compared with the blank control and negative control, and found that estrogen receptorβcould express the stable inhibited human osteoblast-like cellline. The inhibition rate of estrogen receptorβmRNA was (88.17±1.17)%(P<0.05), and the inhibition rate of estrogen receptorβprotein was (89.01±1.22)%(P<0.05), indicating that estrogen receptorβgene knockdown human osteoblast-like cellmodels were constructed successful y. After estrogen intervention for 48 hours, the inhibition of MG63 cells with estrogen receptorβcould up-regulate the osteoprotegerin mRNA and protein expression in the blank control group and the negative control group (P<0.05), down-regulate the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand mRNA and protein expression (P<0.05), and up-regulate the osteoprotegerin receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand expression. The results indicate that estrogen receptorβmay play an important role in bone metabolism through regulating osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand ratio.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 32-38, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432154

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the complications of three-dimensional correction surgery for scoliosis and the corresponding prevention and treatment strategies.Methods From December 2004 to June 2011,727 cases of scoliosis were treated by three-dimensional correction system.There were 245 males and 482 females,aged from 3 to 62 years (average,18.2 years).Coronal Cobb angles ranged from 32° to 142° (average,87.6°),and sagittal Cobb angles ranged from-10° to 75° (average,45°).Results All patients were followed up for 12 to 90 months (average,62.5 months).All patients underwent surgery safely.The coronal correction rate ranged from 55% to 98% (average,85.2%),and the sagittal correction rate ranged from 35% to 67% (average,47.5%).There were no major complications such as death and nerve injury,but occurrences of other minor complications were 113 times in 102 cases.There were 26 cases of instrumentation-related complication,including 5 cases of pedicle screw loosening,5 cases of broken screw,8 cases of broken rod,3 cases of hook loosening,and 5 cases of pedicle fracture; 14 cases of them occurred early after correction surgery for adult scoliosis.There were 65 cases of correction-related complication,including 36 cases of junctional kyphosis (21 cases of proximal junctional kyphosis,11 cases of which were neuromuscular scoliosis; 15 cases of distal junctional kyphosis,including 4 cases of Marfan syndrome with scoliosis and 6 cases of neuromuscular scoliosis),22 cases of adding-on phenomenon,and 7 cases of flat back.Internal medicine complications included 6 cases of superior mesenteric artery syndrome and 7 cases of pulmonary complications.Operation-related complications included 4 cases of pressure sore and 5 cases of wound infection.Conclusion Accurate procedures of diagnosis and surgery for scoliosis are the key to decrease and prevent the complications.For adult scoliosis,enough instrumentation should be placed at the apical segments to decrease instrumentation-related complications.For neuromuscular scoliosis and Marfan syndrome with scoliosis,appropriate extension of fusion segment can effectively decrease junctional kyphosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 673-678, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421388

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo find out the risk factors causing iatrogenic spinal cord injury (ISCI) so as to provide theoretical support for reducing the spinal cord injury during spinal operation. Methods A retrospective study was done on 120 patients undergone cervical or thoracic spinal( C1-T12 ) surgery at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2002 to January 2009. The patients were randomly divided into injury group (n = 34) and control group (n = 86) and the univariate analysis was used to analyze 30 factors including clinical factors, iconography factors, operation and pathology factors as well as possible protective factors. Then, the factors with statistical difference were analyzed by using the multi-factor unconditioned Logistic analysis.Results The univariate comparison between the two groups showed statistical difference ( P < 0. 05 ) in nine factors including combined hypertension, combined diabetes mellitus, preoperative ASIA grade, spinal canal stenosis rate, ratio of spinal cord area/efficient area of vertebral canal, spinal cord MRI T2WI high signal, bleeding amount during operation, intraspinal prominence adhesion to dura mate of spinal cord as well as intraoperative use of methylprednisolone. The multi-factor Logistic regression analysis revealed that ASIA grade, value of spinal cord area/efficient area of vertebral canal, spinal cord MRI T2W1 high signal and bleeding amount in operation had positive correlation with ISCI. Use of methylprednisolone during operation had negative correlation with ISCI. ConclusionsCombined diabetes mellitus, ASIA grade, spinal cord MRI T2W1 high signal, ratio of spinal cord/vertebral canal area and bleeding amount in operation are the risk factors for ISCI. Use of large dose methylprednisolone exerts preventive effect on ISCI.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1077-1081, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386218

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of posterior laminectomy and transfacet discectomy combined with interbody fusion and segment fixation for the treatment of lower thoracic disc herniation.Methods From June 2000 to June 2010,36 cases of lower thoracic disc herniation were treated with method of posterior laminectomy and transfacet discectomy combined with interbody fusion and segment fixation,including 23 males and 13 females,with an average of 42 years old(range,22-61 years old).The courses of disease were from 21 days to 69 months,with an average of 22 months.The lesion locations were T10-11 for 12 cases,T11-12 for 15 cases and T12L1 for 9 cases.Each of the patients underwent X-ray and MR examination,31 of them underwent CT scanning.Twenty-five cases were central protrusion type,7 cases were para-central protrusion type,4 cases were lateral protrusionstype.The clinical results were evaluated by Otanni scored system.Results The operative time was 135-220 min,with average of 155 min.The blood loss was 350-800 ml,with average of 460 ml.All patients were successfully operated without neurological symptoms aggravation and accidents.Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 12 cases,which was treated by continuous suture or dura patch repair.Two cases with giant disc herniation suffered from muscle strength decrease of lower limbs after surgery,which gradually recovered after drug treatment of hormones,dehydration,high-pressure oxygen and nerve nutrients.Postoperative X-ray examinations showed that there were no internal fixation loosening.The followed-up period was 14 days to 48 months,mean 4 months.According to Otani scored system,there were excellent results in 12 cases,good results in 18 cases and poor results in 1 case.The clinical satisfaction rate was 83.3%.Conclusion Posterior laminectomy and transfacet discectomy combined with interbody fusion and segment fixation is a safe and effective surgical procedure for the treatment of lower thoracic disc herniation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 682-686, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of posterior operation for thoracolumbar burst fractures combined with dislocation. Methods The study involved 22 patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures combined with dislocation admitted into our hospital from October 2005 to March 2008. There were 17 males and 5 females at age range of 18-56 years. The fractures were located at T12-L2. The fractured vertebrae lost its height by 1/4 to 3/4 of the normal height. The upper vertebral dislocation ex-tent was from 25% to 50%. All operations were accomplished within two weeks after injury. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, ie, Group Ⅰ (implanted with 4 pedicle screws in upper and lower vertebrae adjacent to the fractured vertebrae) and Group Ⅱ (implanted with 6 pedicle screws in 2 upper and 1 lower vertebrae adjacent to the fractured vertebrae). The operation time, volume of blood loss, ky-photic angle, neurological function and Low Back Outcome Score (LBOS) were compared between two groups. Results All patients were followed up for 12-36 months. The duration of operation in Group Ⅱ was longer than Group Ⅰ (P < 0.05), with no increase of intraoperative blood loss. Group ⅡI was su-perior to Group Ⅰ in aspects of correction rate, correction loss and implant failure rate (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in aspects of neurological function recovery and low back outcome score be-tween two groups. Conclusion Fixation with three vertebrae and six pedicle screws through posterior approach is an effective, feasible and safe procedure for treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures com-bined with dislocation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL