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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 171-175, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933187


Objective:To explore the clinical feasibility of extra-peritoneal laparoscopic radical cystectomy based on the concept of 3D membrane anatomy.Methods:The clinical data of 10 male patients with bladder cancer who underwent 3D extra-peritoneal laparoscopic radical cystectomy + ileal-orthotopic-neobladder surgery from October 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 67 years. The ASA score was 1-2 in 8 cases and 3 in 2 cases. There were 4 cases of hypertension, 2 cases of diabetes, 1 case of heart disease, no case of abdominal surgery history. During the operation, the concept of 3D membrane anatomy was used to identify the important fascia in the pelvic cavity and to find the key layers and structures in the pelvic cavity.It was separated from the prevesical fascia to the laterovesical space, and confluenced with Retzius space and Bogros space. It was dissected in the layer surrounded by the prevesical fascia, the vesicohypogastric fascia, and the urogenital fascia to complete the process of cystectomy.Results:The operations of 10 patients were completed successfully and there was no conversion to open operation. The median operation time was 276(237-325) minutes, and the median blood loss was 160(50-280)ml. The postoperative bowel recovery median time was 1.8(1-3)days, and the patients were out of bed about 1.3(1-2) days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 9(5-12) days. The number of median lymph node dissection in all patients was 10(6-20). Positive lymph nodes was found in 3 cases. Positive margin was found in no case. Postoperative tumor pathological stages were T 2 stage in 7 cases, T 3 stage in 3 cases. During the follow-up, all patients had no obvious complications. Conclusions:It is feasible to apply the concept of 3D membrane anatomy to identify and locate the key fascia structures and levels in extra-peritoneal laparoscopic radical cystectomy. The operative complications were less and the postoperative recovery was faster. The anatomy is clear during the operation, which has good safety and reduces the difficulty of the operation.

Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 323-327, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752862


Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of and clinical significance of F-box/WD-40 domain protein 10(FBXW10) as well as the expression of cell cycle protein cyclin E( cyclin E) in renal clear cell carcinoma. Methods Immunohistochemistry SP method was used to detect the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E protein in 60 cases of renal clear cell carcinoma and 20 cases of adjacent normal tissues. The relationship between the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E,and the clinical pathological characteristics was analyzed. Results The expression rates of FBXW10 and cyclin E protein in renal clear cell carcinoma were 40. 0% ,70. 0% ,respectively and adjacent normal tissues were 55. 0% and 25. 0% ( P<0. 05). The expression of FBXW10 was correlated with the histologic grade of renal clear cell carcinoma(P=0. 041),histologic grade( P=0. 030);the ex-pression of cyclin E was correlated with the pathological tumor stage of clear cell renal cell carcinoma(P=0. 005),degree of differen-tiation(P=0. 035),and distant metastasis(P=0. 011). There was a significant correlation between the expressions of FBXW10 and cyclin E in renal clear cell carcinoma(r=0. 533,P<0. 001). Conclusion FBXW10 and cyclin E may play important roles in the development of renal clear cell carcinoma.

China Oncology ; (12): 299-303, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448124


Background and purpose:Papillary renal cell carcinomas (PRCC) is relatively infrequent, and there are few related researches in China. This study aimed to summarize the clinical and pathological features of PRCC, and evaluate prognostic factors for patients treated with surgery.Methods:A total of 64 patients who under-went surgery for PRCC were retrospectively assessed. PRCC tissue slides from each patient were reviewed for type (ⅠorⅡ), grade, TNM stage, coagulative tumor necrosis and microvascular invasion. We estimated overall survival using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis was done according to the Cox proportional hazards model of factors statistically signiifcant on univariate analysis. Results:The incidence rate of ENE was 6.04%in RCC, the median age was 55 (range 22 to 78) years. The comparison of the 22 (534.4%) typeⅠPRCCs and 42 (65.6%) typeⅡPRCCs revealed that typeⅡtumors were associated with a greater stage and grade more often. The median follow-up was 46 months (range 19 to 133). Of the 64 patients, 14 died, (4.5%) with typeⅠand 13 (31.0%) with typeⅡtumors (P=0.018). The overall survival rate was 85.7%in typeⅠtumors and 55.8%in typeⅡtumors, respectively. Univariate analysis identiifed symptoms at presentation, tumor type, TNM stage and grade as prognostic factors. On multivariate analysis only metastatic RCC remained associated with decreased overall survival (HR:14.78, P=0.004). Conclusion:The per-centage of PRCC is lower and typeⅡPRCC is relatively common compared with foreign data. Metastasis at diagnosis is an independent predictive parameter of overall survival in Chinese patients with PRCC.