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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 742-745, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755404


Objective To explore the effect of mitral valve morphology on short-term and long-term outcomes in elderly patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis(MS)undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty(PBMV).Methods In the prospective study,elderly patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis undergoing PBMV between February 1996 and June 2007 were followed up for 10 years.One hundred and twenty-four patients with full follow-up data were included in the study.According to echocardiography Wilkins score,83 cases of patients (Wilkins score ≤ 8)were selected as Wilkins score ≤ 8 group,and 41 cases were selected as Wilkins score> 8 group.The pressure gradient in mitral valve(MV△P),mitral valve area(MVA),left atrial diameter(LAD),left ventricular end-systolic diameter(LVESd),left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(LVEDd),pulmonary artery systolic blood pressure(sPAP),ejection fraction(EF)and mitral regurgitation were measured before and after the operation.Results In both Wilkins score ≤ 8 group and Wilkins score> 8 groups,MVA and EF were increased immediately after PBMV operation versus before PBMV operation,and MV△P,LAD,LVEDd,LVEDs and PAPs were decreased immediately after PBMV operation versus before PBMV operation(all P <0.05).Severe mitral regurgitation was not found in both two groups.The clinical effects of the Wilkins score≤8 group were stable after 10 years,which had no significant difference in the indexes compared with those in the Wilkins score≤ 8 group immediately after PBMV(P>0.05).MVA and EF in the Wilkins score>8 group were decreased,and MV△P,LAD,LVEDd,LVEDs and PAPS were increased after 10 years as compared with those immediately after PBMV(P<0.05).The incidence of NYHA functional class Ⅲ or Ⅳ was lower in the Wilkins score ≤8 group than in the Wilkins score>8 group(26.5% or 22/83 vs.46.3% or 19/41,x2 =4.879,P=0.027).And the incidence of mitral restenosis was lower in the ≤8 group than in the Wilkins score>8 group(34.9% or 29/83 vs.61.0% or 25/41,x2 =7.567,P=0.006).There was no significant difference in the incidence of moderate or severe mitral regurgitation between the two groups(10.8% or 9/83 vs.12.3% or 5/41,x2=1.278,P=0.258).Conclusions The short-term and long-term outcomes are good in elderly individuals with rheumatic mitral stenosis undergoing PBMV operation,and the curative effect of PBMV operation is better in patients with Wilkins score ≤8 than in patients with Wilkins score >8.

Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1435-1439, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495874


AIM:To investigate the renal function and pathological changes in Npc1 mutant ( Npc1-/-) mice. METHODS:Different genotypes of Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (Npc1) mice were identified by PCR.Subsequently, the renal function of Npc1-/-and Npc1 +/+mice at postnatal day 60 ( P60) was evaluated by measuring the activity and con-tent of important indicators in the serum including ALT , AST, LDH, urea, UA and Cr.Furthermore,β-galactosidase stai-ning and Masson staining were performed to examine the aging and fibrosis of the renal tissues , respectively .RESULTS:Compared with the Npc1 +/+mice, the body weight and kidney weight had a significant reduction ( P<0.01) in the Npc1-/-mice.The results of hepatic and renal functions showed that the activities of ALT , AST and LDH, and contents of urea, UA and Cr had marked increases (P<0.05) in the Npc1-/-mice.Moreover, the results of senescence-associatedβ-galacto-sidase staining in the renal tissues demonstrated accelerated aging in the Npc1-/-mice (P<0.01), and these results were confirmed by Masson staining, which clearly showed the formation of collagen fibers (P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Muta-tion of the Npc1 gene results in abnormal lipid metabolism , which accelerates kidney senescence by promoting fibrosis in the renal tissue and subsequently causes reduction in renal function .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267637


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate miR-20a expression in human glioma and normal brain tissues and its effect on the proliferation of glioma cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of miR-20a was detected in human normal brain tissues and glioma tissues by real-time RT-PCR. miR-20a mimics were synthesized and transfected into U251 cells via liposome, and the cell proliferation were detected using MTT assay and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The glioma tissues showed significantly up-regulated expression of miR-20a compared with normal brain tissues (P=0.035). The expression level of miR-20a was higher in high-grade than in low-grade gliomas. miR-20a mimics significantly enhanced the proliferation of U251 cells and the percentage of S-phase cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>miR-20a shows potent effect in promoting the growth of glioma cells, suggesting its important role in the pathogenesis of human glioma.</p>

Adult , Brain Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Glioma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult