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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 382-386, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991640

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the epidemic situation and trend of human brucellosis in Menyuan Hui Autonomous County (referred to as Menyuan County) of Qinghai Province, and to provide reference for formulating brucellosis prevention and control measures in Menyuan County.Methods:Data on human brucellosis in Menyuan County reported by the Infectious Disease Reporting Information Management System of China Disease Control and Prevention Information System from 2013 to 2020 were collected and analyzed by descriptive epidemiological analysis (three distribution).Results:A total of 186 cases of brucellosis were confirmed from 2013 to 2020, with an average annual incidence of 14.553/100 000. The annual incidence rate was increasing year by year(χ 2trend = 22.08, P = 0.002). The cases were distributed in 67 villages of 12 towns; cases were more common in the age group of 15-< 65 years old (96.24%, 179/186), and there were more men than women cases (sex ratio was 3.89∶1.00, 148/38). Conclusions:The incidence rate of brucellosis cases in Menyuan County is increasing year by year, and the scope of its impact is constantly expanding. A multi-sectoral joint prevention and control mechanism should be established to strengthen management, increase the prevention and control of brucellosis, and stop the spread of the epidemic to surrounding counties and cities.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 269-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) typing of Brucella isolated from Himalayan marmot in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of Qinghai Province, and to explore the relationship between the strains and strains previous isolated from Qinghai Province. Methods:Blood samples of Himalayan marmot were collected in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of Qinghai Province from March 2019 to October 2020. Pathogens were isolated and cultured from Brucella antibody positive samples identified by using the rose bengal test (RBT). Conventional biological methods and molecular biological methods (BCSP31-PCR and AMOS-PCR) were used for strain identification. At the same time, MLVA method was used to genotype the isolated strains, and cluster analysis was used to analyze the genetic relationships between the strains based on the genotype of 70 Brucella isolated from different hosts in Qinghai Province. Results:A total of 1 466 blood samples of Himalayan marmot were collected from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Two strains of Brucella were isolated and cultured from 64 RBT-positive samples, named QH2013054 and QH2013062, respectively. They were identified as Brucella ovis biotype Ⅲ by conventional and molecular biological methods. The MLVA genotyping results showed that QH2013054 and QH2013062 were different at the Bru16 locus, indicating different MLVA genotypes. Cluster analysis showed that strain QH2013054 had the same MLVA genotype as 7 strains, among which 6 strains were from 3 farmers and 3 sheep from the same family in Gonghe County, and 1 strain was from a farmer in Menyuan Hui Autonomous County. The strain QH2013062 had the same MLVA genotype as 4 strains, including 3 strains from 3 farmers in Menyuan Hui Autonomous County and 1 strain from a farmer in Tu Autonomous County of Huzhu. Conclusions:The strains of Brucella isolated from Himalayan marmot in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of Qinghai Province have the same MLVA genotype as some strains of Brucella isolated from humans and sheep in Qinghai Province. It is speculated that the host humans, sheep and Himalayan marmot in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau may have a common source of infection.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of 99mTc-methylenediphosphonate(MDP) whole body bone scintigraphy in early brucellosis patients with bone and joint injuries. Methods:According to the Diagnosis for Brucellosis (WS 269-2019), combined with epidemiological history, clinical manifestations and serological tests, from November 2020 to April 2021, 15 early brucellosis patients (the course of disease was within 6 months) who had not received any drug treatment diagnosed at the Department for Brucellosis Prevention and Control, Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control were selected as the research subjects, and 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy was performed on the patients to evaluate the images and analyze the pathological changes. Results:The 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy of 15 patients with early brucellosis showed abnormalities, and the abnormal concentration of radionuclides mainly occurred in the 8th to 12th thoracic vertebrae (T8-12), the 1st to 2nd lumbar vertebrae (L1-2) and L4-5. Among them, the thoracic vertebrae abnormalities were T8, T9, T10, T11 and T12 in 1 case each; lumbar vertebrae abnormalities were 1 case of L1, 1 case of L2, 4 cases of L4, and 5 cases of L5. Conclusions:The 99mTc-MDP whole body bone scintigraphy is abnormal in patients with early brucellosis. Bone scintigraphy has certain value in the diagnosis of bone and joint injuries in patients with early brucellosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 200-203, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To master the epidemic trend of human brucellosis in Qinghai Province, so as to provide basis for scientific prevention and control of the disease.Methods:In 2019 and 2020, at the national and provincial brucellosis monitoring sites in Qinghai Province, a total of 18 counties (cities and districts, hereinafter referred to as counties), no less than 400 serum samples were sampled every year for brucellosis Rose-Bengal plate agglutination test (RBPT) and serum tube agglutination test (SAT), which would be tested and judged according to the criteria of "Diagnosis for Brucellosis" (WS 269-2019).Results:In 2019, a total of 1 612 people were monitored in national brucellosis monitoring sites, 93 were RBPT positive, 54 were SAT positive, 54 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 3.35% (54/1 612). In 2020, 1 677 people were monitored in national brucellosis monitoring sites, 151 were RBPT positive, 80 were SAT positive, 80 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 4.77% (80/1 677). There were significant differences in RBPT positive rate, SAT positive rate and prevalence rate among national monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 12.52, 4.24, 4.24, P < 0.05). In 2019, a total of 6 043 people were monitored in provincial brucellosis monitoring sites, 128 were RBPT positive, 91 were SAT positive, 87 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 1.44% (87/6 043). In 2020, 5 664 people were monitored, 108 were RBPT positive, 59 were SAT positive, 52 were diagnosed, and the prevalence rate was 0.92% (52/5 664). There was no significant difference in RBPT positive rate among provincial monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 0.66, P = 0.416), and the differences in SAT positive rate and prevalence rate were statistically significant among provincial monitoring sites between the two years (χ 2 = 4.98, 14.57, P < 0.05). Conclusion:In 2019 and 2020, there are human brucellosis in national and provincial brucellosis monitoring sites in Qinghai Province.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 437-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the results of serum erythropoietin (EPO) in adults patients with Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD) in Qinghai Province.Methods:According to the "Diagnosis of Kaschin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 207-2010), by using clinical examination and X-ray, adults over 20 years old in KBD areas of Xinghai County and Guide County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, were divided into KBD case group ( n = 109) and internal control group ( n = 95) in July 2019. At the same time, healthy people were selected as external control group ( n = 90) in Xunhua County. Then 2 ml fasting cubital venous blood was collected from the target population to separate serum. The serum EPO level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results:There was no significant difference in age and sex ratio among the 3 groups ( F = 0.73, P = 0.484; χ 2 = 1.03, P = 0.611). There was significant difference in serum EPO levels among the 3 groups [KBD case, internal and external control groups: (30.74 ± 26.23), (19.73 ± 11.53) and (10.83 ± 4.48) U/L, F = 26.51, P < 0.001]. Multiple comparisons showed that there were statistically significant differences in serum EPO levels between KBD case group and the internal and external control groups ( P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the internal and external control groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The serum EPO level in adult KBD patients in Qinghai Province is increased significantly.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 342-344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883722

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with the actual work requirements of brucellosis in Qinghai Province, to design a management information system for brucellosis patients, in order to realize the information of diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis patients.Methods:Based on the theory of management information system, according to the functional requirements of the actual work and performance parameters, the general framework of management information system was designed, the establishment of the management information system was gradually completed, and the system was improved through the system testing.Results:The system was easy to use and easy to operate, and patient's detailed information, diagnosis and treatment results and treatment plan could be obtained quickly. At the same time, follow-up, trace investigation, and brucellosis prevention and treatment propaganda could be carried out.Conclusions:The established brucellosis management information system can realize the electronic management of patient information, master the disease development and diagnosis and treatment results of brucellosis patients. Through follow-up investigation, the system can increase active screening and early warning of suspected cases, and provide health education to realize early diagnosis and early treatment of the patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 283-285, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of brucellosis in Haidong City Qinghai Province, and provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of brucellosis.Methods:Using the retrospective research method, the epidemic data on brucellosis, field case investigations, serological test results in Haidong City, Qinghai Province in 2019 were collected from the "China Disease Prevention and Control Information System", and the above data were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological analysis.Results:There were 3 confirmed brucellosis patients, who were breeders of the farm; 1 case of latent infection was found in key population, who was villager from the same village as the confirmed patients; 4 people had a history of close contact with infected sheep. A total of 110 sheep serum and 7 bovine serum samples were collected in the animal breeding area, of which 26 were positive, all were sheep serum; 568 sheep serum and 17 bovine serum samples in the same village were negative.Conclusions:The key occupational groups contacted with infected sheep without protection is the main cause of this epidemic. Health education on brucellosis prevention and control should be vigorously carried out to improve the awareness of the people to prevent the disease; the monitoring of animal brucellosis by relevant departments should be strengthened to effectively control the spread of animal brucellosis, and prevent the occurrence of human brucellosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 976-978, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931472

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect serum Col2-3/4 C-terminal cleavage product of type Ⅱ collagen (C2C) and pyridinoline (PYD) among brucellosis patients at early period, and to provide a better understanding of the changes of bone and joint collagen metabolism in the early stage of brucellosis.Methods:From 2013 to 2016, 61 cases of brucellosis patients at early period (within 6 months) from brucellosisout patient of Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control were selected as case group, and 67 cases of healthy volunteers were selected as control group. Serum C2C and PYD levels in all samples were measured simultaneously with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:The median serum C2C of patients with early brucellosis was 83.45 ng/ml and that of the control group was 73.35 ng/ml. There was significant difference in serum C2C between the case group and the control group ( Z = 5.027, P < 0.05). The median serum PYD of patients with early brucellosis was 278.45 nmol/L and that of the control group was 212.75 nmol/L. There was significant difference in serum PYD between the case group and the control group ( Z = 6.967, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Serum C2C and PYD levels of brucellosis patients at early period are increased.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 739-741, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866198

ABSTRACT

Objective:The epidemic regularity and trend of human brucellosis in Qinghai Province were analyzed to provide basis for formulating more perfect prevention and control measures.Methods:Using descriptive epidemiological methods, the data of brucellosis reported cases in Qinghai Province from 2005 to 2018 (from the Infectious Disease Report Information Management System of the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System) were collected, and the three distributions (time, region and population distributions) of human brucellosis were statistically described and analyzed.Results:From 2005 to 2018, a total of 418 cases were reported in Qinghai Province, with a incidence of 0.05/100 000, the incidence of different years was statistically different (χ 2 = 11.63, P < 0.05). The incidence of brucellosis remained at a low level from 2005 to 2010, ranged from 0 to 0.05/100 000; and the incidence increased from 2011 to 2018, ranged from 0.27/100 000 to 2.06/100 000. There were reported cases of brucellosis throughout the year, and the onset time was mainly from April to June, accounting for 42.82% (179/418). The 418 cases were distributed in 20 counties (cities, districts), among which the top 5 incidence rates were Menyuan County (15.31%, 64/418), Henan County (13.40%, 56/418), Tianjun County (13.16%, 55/418), Xining City (12.44%, 52/418), and Haiyan County (7.66%, 32/418). In the population distribution, brucellosis cases in the age group from 40 to 49 years old were the most, accounting for 32.78% (137/418), the male to female ratio was 1.58 ∶ 1.00 (256∶162) . And the occupational distribution was dominated by herdsmen, accounting for 57.18% (239/418). Conclusions:The epidemic situation of brucellosis in Qinghai Province is on the rise. It should be strengthened the population monitoring and notification of outbreaks, and health education for all should be implemented.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 184-186, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866099

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type Ⅱ (CTX-Ⅱ) among brucellosis patients at early period, and provide a better understanding of the osteoarticular changes in this disease at early stage.Methods:Using case-control research method, the early brucellosis patients who visited the Department for Brucellosis Disease Prevention and Control, Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control from 2013 to 2016 were selected as the case group; through the principle of random matching, the healthy physical examination population was set as the control group. Serum COMP and CTX-Ⅱ were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results:A total of 128 patients were investigated, including 61 patients (41 males and 20 females) with early brucellosis, aged (39.41 ± 10.51) years old, and 67 controls (44 males and 23 females), aged (40.31 ± 12.52) years old. The median of serum COMP in the case group was 1.70 μg/L, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.79 μg/L). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( Z = 3.614, P < 0.05); the median of serum CTX-Ⅱ in the case group was 116.44 pg/ml, and the median of serum CTX-Ⅱ in the control group was 128.48 pg/ml, and the difference was not statistically significant ( Z = 0.044, P > 0.05). Conclusion:The serum COMP levels of brucellosis patients at early period are increased, indicating osteoarticular changes of human brucellosis at early stage.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 578-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753552

ABSTRACT

The construction of health file of patients with brucellosis in Qinghai Province was based on the Qinghai Provincial Public Health Network Information Platform. It was jointly participated and implemented by animal husbandry and veterinary departments, animal disease control centers, disease control centers and hospitals at all levels, to achieve standardized management of early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment, as well as follow-up, review, and efficacy evaluation. After analyzing the health file of brucellosis patients, we proposed to strengthen the propaganda of brucellosis, collect information from multiple diseases, share resources with multiple departments, integrate human resources and exert management responsibilities, and explore opinions and countermeasures suitable for local working conditions. The establishment of a health file for patients with brucellosis could fully grasp the diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis patients, facilitate the management of follow-up and review, and it was helpful to understand the distribution and prevalence of brucellosis in Qinghai Province, and to warn the epidemic trend.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 536-540, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753542

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the most suitable medium for Brucella drug susceptibility test, and observe the resistance of human derived Brucella to different antibiotics. Methods Totally 180 strains of Brucella isolated from 25 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) in recent years were taken as observation objects. Mueller-Hinton ( MH ) agar , MH blood agar and Brinell agar were used to carried out the drug susceptibility test in vitro, and to compare the results of drug susceptibility test of different medium; the most suitable Brucella drug susceptibility test medium was used to detect the resistance of human derived Brucella to Doxycycline, Rifampicin, Streptomycin, Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Ceftriaxone sodium, Co-trimoxazole and Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid by K-B drug sensitive paper, and to observe the formation of antibacterial ring around the drug sensitive paper. Results The growth of Brucella on the MH agar and MH blood agar were slower than that on the Brinell agar, and the antibacterial rings were not obvious. All the 180 strains of Brucella were sensitive to seven antibiotics such as Doxycycline, Rifampicin, Streptomycin, Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Ceftriaxone sodium, and Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid; and 70 strains of Brucella were resistant to Co-trimoxazole, accounting for 39% (70/180); Brucella strains resistant to Co-trimoxazole were found in 21 provinces. Conclusions Brinell agar is the most suitable medium for Brucella susceptibility test. The human derived Brucella is resistant to Co-trimoxazole; the resistant strains are distributed in 21 provinces ( municipalities , autonomous regions ) . It is recommended that relevant departm ents of the province ( municipalities , autonomous regions ) carry out epidemiological investigations on the resistance of Brucella, and strengthen the monitoring of drug resistance in clinical drugs of brucellosis patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 443-445, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753521

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the changes of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) among adults with Kaschin-Beck disease (KBD) in Qinghai,and to provide scientific data for KBD prevention and control.Methods A case-control study was used,according to "Diagnosis of Kaschin-Beck disease",104 cases of KBD patients [aged (47.61 ± 12.72) years old;50 males,54 females] and 95 cases of internal healthy controls [aged (48.28 ±14.87) years old;35 males,60 females],which were from KBD areas in Xinghai and Guide counties of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture,Qinghai Province,and 73 cases of external healthy controls [aged (51.88 ± 13.93)years old;35 males,38 females] from non-KBD region of Xunhua County were included in July 2017.Serum TNF-α was determined via the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method.Results Totally 272 persons were studied and divided into three groups,there was no statistical significant difference of ages among the three groups (F =2.236,P > 0.05),meanwhile,there was no statistical significant difference of genders among the three groups (x2 =3.135,P > 0.05).The serum TNF-α levels of KBD patients,internal and external healthy controls were (25.14 ± 10.29),(21.84 ± 9.37),and (24.98 ± 8.98) ng/L,respectively,which were statistically significantly different among the three groups (F =3.486,P < 0.05).The serum TNF-α levels in the KBD group and the external healthy control were higher than that in internal healthy control (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between the KBD group and the external healthy control (P > 0.05).Conclusion There may exist inflammatory changes among KBD patients in KBD areas of Qinghai Province.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 969-971, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733773

ABSTRACT

Objective Molecular biological methods were used to classify and analyze the isolated Brucella strains,and to understand the geographical distribution characteristics,genetic types and regional distribution characteristics of Brucella in Qinghai Province.Methods Molecular biology typing of species of isolated Brucella strains in Qinghai was studied using Multiple Locus Variable-number tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA) technology.The classification results were described by geographical information system (GIS).Results There were 3 species Brucella melitensis,Brucella abortus,and Brucella suis among the 65 strains of Brucella in Qinghai.Brucella melitensis was the dominant species.The genotypes of MLVA were 42,43,47,28,36,112 and 6.The geographical distribution features showed that the 42 belonged to the evolutionary branches of A and B,which was widely distributed.The 43 of the C evolutionary branch and 47 of the E evolution branch were mainly in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.When searching in the Brucella2012 MLVA database,none of the genotypes obtained in this study were identical to those in the database.Conclusions The MLVA genotypes of Brucella are varied in Qinghai Tibet Plateau.They are widely distributed,completely different from those in other areas,and different genetic variations are found in different places.

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