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1.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 152-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of surgery for portal hypertension to grasp current status and future development of surgery in China.Methods:This study is jointly sponsored by China Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Specialist Alliance & Portal Hypertension Alliance in China (CHESS).Comprehensive surveying is conducted for basic domestic situations of surgery for portal hypertension, including case load, surgical approaches, management of postoperative complications, primary effects, existing confusion and obstacles, liver transplantation(LT), laparoscopic procedures and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS), etc.Results:A total of 8 512 cases of portal hypertension surgery are performed at 378 hospitals nationwide in 2021.Splenectomy plus devascularization predominated(53.0%)and laparoscopy accounted for 76.1%.Primary goal is preventing rebleeding(67.0%) and 72.8% of hospitals used preventive anticoagulants after conventional surgery.And 80.7% of teams believe that the formation of postoperative portal vein thrombosis is a surgical dilemma and 65.3% of hospitals practiced both laparoscopy and TIPS.The major reasons for patients with portal hypertension not receiving LT are due to a lack of qualifications for LT(69.3%)and economic factors(69.0%).Conclusions:Surgery is an integral part of management of portal hypertension in China.However, it is imperative to further standardize the grasp of surgical indications, the handling of surgical operation and the management of postoperative complications.Moreover, prospective, multi-center randomized controlled clinical studies should be performed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 150-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990622

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with vessels encapsulating tumor clusters (VETC) and the application value of its risk scoring model.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 149 patients with HCC who were admitted to two medical centers, including 97 cases in the Jiangnan University Medical Center and 52 cases in the Affiliated Xingtai People′s Hospital of Hebei Medical University, from January 2017 to April 2020 were collected. There were 116 males and 33 females, aged (58±12)years. There were 74 cases with VETC and 75 cases without VETC. Observation indica-tors: (1) clinical characteristics of patients with and without VETC; (2) imaging features of patients with and without VETC; (3) multivariable analysis of HCC patients with VETC; (4) construction of VETC related risk scoring model and its performance evaluation; (5) postoperative early tumor recurrence of patients with and without VETC who were confirmed by risk scoring model and histopathological examination. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Count data were described as absolutes, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test and continuous correction chi-square test. Variables of clinical and imaging characteristics with statistically signifi-cant were included in the multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model of backward stepwise selection. VETC related risk scoring model was constructed based on the results of Logistic regression model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, and the area under curve (AUC), the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and their 95% confidence interval ( CI) were calculated. The maximizing Youden index was the optimal cutoff value for VETC prediction. The Hosmer Lemeshow goodness of fit test was used to assess the consistency between VETC risk scoring model predicted VTEC status and the true VETC status. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. The Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Clinical characteristics of patients with and without VETC. Cases with postoperative albumin <36 g/L were 57 in patients with VETC, versus 68 in patients without VETC, respectively, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.13, P<0.05). (2) Imaging features of patients with and without VETC. Cases with lesion imaging presence as nonperipheral washout, cases with lesion imaging presence as mosaic architecture, cases with lesion imaging presence as intratumoral hemorrhage, cases with lesion imaging presence as corona enhancement, cases with lesion imaging presence as non-smooth tumor margin, cases with lesion imaging presence as peritumoral enhancement in arterial phase, cases with lesion imaging presence as intratumoral arteries, cases with lesion imaging presence as peritumoral hypointensity in hepatobiliary phase, cases with lesion imaging enhancement type as uniform low enhancement, uniform high enhance-ment, heterogeneous enhancement with septations and heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, cases with intratumoral necrosis or ischemic, cases with tumor diameter >5 cm were 73, 35, 33, 15, 39, 28, 42, 27, 4, 5, 27, 38, 45, 46 in patients with VETC, versus 64, 16, 13, 3, 19, 15, 9, 13, 9, 35, 5, 26, 10, 10 in patients without VETC, respectively, showing significant differences in the above indicators between them ( χ2=8.92, 11.15, 12.97, 9.28, 11.74, 5.77, 33.14, 6.96, 41.79, 36.05, 37.86, P<0.05). (3) Multivariable analysis of patients with VETC. Results of multivariable analysis showed that lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with septations, lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, intratumoral necrosis or ischemia and tumor diameter >5 cm were independent risk factors influen-cing patients with VETC ( odds ratio=4.18, 7.62, 4.23, 4.08, 95% CI as 1.60?11.60, 2.00?31.70, 1.71?10.90, 1.60?10.80), P<0.05). (4) Construction of VETC related risk scoring model and its performance evaluation. The VETC related risk scoring model was constructed as (heterogeneous enhancement with septations, presence: 1.0, absence: 0)+(heterogeneous enhancement with irregular ring-like structures, presence: 1.5, absence: 0)+(intratumoral necrosis or ischemia, presence: 1.0, absence: 0)+(main tumor diameter >5 cm, presence: 1.0, absence: 0). The AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of VETC related risk scoring model were 0.86 (95% CI as 0.80?0.92), 79.7% (95% CI as 69.2%?87.3%), 80.0% (95% CI as 69.6%?87.5%) and 79.9% (95% CI as 72.7%?85.5%), respectively. Results of Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test showed a good consistency between VETC risk scoring model predicted VETC status and true VETC status ( P>0.05). (5) Postoperative early tumor recurrence of patients with and without VETC who were confirmed by risk scoring model and histopathological examination. All 149 patients were followed up for 29(range, 26?35)months. The time to tumor recurrence and 2-year cumulative tumor recurrence rate of 149 patients were 29(range, 24?33)months and 43.0%, respectively. The 2-year tumor cumulative recurrence rate of patients with and without VETC predicted by risk scoring model was 47.8% and 37.9%, respectively, showing a significant difference between ( χ2=3.90, P<0.05). The 2-year cumulative tumor recurrence rate of patients with and without VETC confirmed by postoperative histopathological examination was 47.4% and 38.1%, respectively, showing a significant difference between ( χ2=4.20, P<0.05). Conclusions:Lesion imaging enhancement as heterogeneous enhancement with septations or irregular ring-like structures, intratumoral necrosis or ischemia and tumor diameter >5 cm are independent risk factors influen-cing HCC patients with VETC. The proposed risk scoring model based on those three risk factors achieves an optimal preoperative diagnostic performance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1113-1116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908484

ABSTRACT

Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the gold standard for diagnosing portal hypertension in patients with liver cirrhosis. In recent years, the clinical application status of HVPG in cirrhotic portal hypertension has been increasing. HVPG plays an extremely important role in predicting the long‐term prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis, but its prognostic value in surgical risks for patients with liver cirrhosis has long been ignored. The authors analyze the current clinically commonly used evaluation system for the prognosis of patients with liver cirrhosis and existing problems, and summarize the application status and prospects of HVPG in surgery for patients with liver cirrhosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 148-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811672

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage.@*Methods@#Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate.@*Results@#32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34- ~ 21.15) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31- ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) mmol/L, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1271-1277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800537

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The genetic characteristics of the human adenovirus type 53 (HAdV-53) strains isolated from Taiyuan city of Shanxi Province were studied to obtain the baseline data of their molecular characteristics.@*Methods@#Conjunctival swabs (n=79) were collected from epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) patients in Shanxi eye Hospital in 2016, and five HAdV-53 strains were obtained after virus isolation and identification based on the three major capsid genes sequences including Penton base, Hexon and Fiber gene. And the corresponding sequences of global epidemic HAdV-53 strains and the strains with the same genetic origin as HAdV-53 were also downloaded from GenBank database, and then the three gene database were established, respectively. With the database, phylogenetic tree was constructed, and the genetic and molecular evolutionary characteristics were analyzed with bioinformatics software.@*Results@#Five HAdV-53 strains in Shanxi Province in 2016 showed high consistency with the HAdV-53 strains prevalent in other countries in 1996-2014 (>99.8%). All HAdV-53 strains were in the same evolutionary branch with their recombinant source genotypes (HAdV-37 and HAdV-8) in Penton base and Fiber gene, respectively, and maintained a high degree of consistency in gene sequences. In Hexon gene, HAdV-53 strains were more closed to its recombinant source genotype HAdV-22, the nucleotide and amino acid sequences between two types were highly homologous, while HAdV-53 and HAdV-22 belonged to different evolutionary branches, and the evolution rate of HAdV-53 based on Hexon gene was 3.51×10-5 substitution/site/year.@*Conclusion@#HAdV-53 has become an important new ocular infectious pathogen of Taiyuan. HAdV-53 strain are relatively conservative and stable based on Penton base, Hexon, and Fiber gene.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3354-3359, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the improvement effects of Z-guggulsterone (Z-GL) combined with acetyl-11-keto-β- boswellic acid (AKBA) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model rats. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, Z-GL+AKBA low-dose and high-dose groups (25, 50 mg/kg), with 10 rats in each group. Except for sham operation group, middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion injury model was induced by suture method in other groups. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically after reperfusion; sham operation group and model groups were given constant volume of DMSO intragastrically, every 12 h, for consecutive 7 d. The neurological deficits were evaluated with modified Longa score; HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of cerebral tissue in rats; the area of cerebral infarction was measured by TTC, and the percentage of cerebral infarction area; TUNEL staining was performed to detect apoptotic neurons. The expression of CD34, VEGF and DLL4 were detected by immunofluoresence and immunoblotting assay, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group, the number of cortical cells in the model group decreased and arranged irregularly, with obvious infarct area and obvious decrease of neovascularization; the neurological deficit score, the percentage of cerebral infarction area and TUNEL positive cells increased significantly, while the expression of CD34, VEGF and DLL4 decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with model group, the above symptoms of the rats in each administration group were significantly improved, the neurological deficit score, the percentage of cerebral infarction area and the number of TUNEL positive cells were significantly reduced; the expression levels of CD34, VEGF and DLL4 were significantly increased; the neurological deficit score, the percentage of cerebral infarction area and the number of TUNEL positive cells in Z-GL+AKBA high-dose group were significantly lower or less than low dose group; the expression of CD34 and DLL4 in high-dose group was significantly higher than low-dose group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Z-GL combined with AKBA can relieve neurological deficit and cerebral injury of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model rats, which may be related to promoting angiogenesis and up-regulating the expression of VEGF and DLL4 protein, with a certain dose-dependent effect.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 181-185, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444323

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical features and prognostic risk factors of patients with autoimmune hepatitis-related hepatocellular carcinoma (AIH-HCC).Methods We reviewed the clinical data of 40 patients with AIH-HCC who were treated at the 302 Hospital between May 1,2008 and April 30,2013,and analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognostic risk factors of these patients.Results These patients were diagnosed to have HCC at a mean ± SD of 55.1 ± 13.5 years (range 28-76 years).The median duration from the time of confirmed cirrhosis to a diagnosis of HCC was 49.2 ± 44.5 months (range 3-194 months).The median survival of the AIH-HCC patients was 16.0 ±4.0 months (range 1-44 months),and the 1-year survival rate was 54.0%.Univariate analysis showed AFP,tumor size,tumor number were related to prognosis (P < 0.05) ; while gender,age,IAIHG score,category,history of blood transfusion,alcohol-drinking and smoking did not significantly affect the patients' survival (P > 0.05).Multivariate regression analysis showed AFP and tumor number were independent prognostic factors.Most of these patients received transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE),however the survival rate of those patients who received hepatectomy was significantly higher than those who received TACE or accepted conservative treatment.Conclusion Liver cirrhosis in AIH is the sine qua non for HCC development,which subsequently occurs at a rate of 1.65% per year.Patients who had AFP-negativity or a single tumor had a better prognosis.Surgical treatment prolonged survival.

8.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 3350-3351,3354, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599873

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of lipoprotein(a)and fibrinogen different genders of patients with coronary heart disease(CHD)and its clinical significance.Methods 1 500 patients with CHD in the hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were selected as the observation group,including 954 males and 546 females.Contemporaneous 500 healthy people with physi-cal examination were selected as the control group,including 329 males and 171 females.The myocardial enzymes,serum lipid,blood coagulation function and various proteins were detected.Results Whether males or females,CK,CKMB,AST,LDH,α-HBDH, TC,TG,LDL-C,Fib,D-D,TT,FDP,LPa,cTnI,MYO and HCY in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group.HDL-C,APTT,INR and PT in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group.The differences were statistically significant(P <0.05 ).Conclusion Whether males or females,the different degrees of abnormal ex-pression of myocardial enzyme spectral indexes,blood lipid indexes,coagulation indexes,apolipoprotein,troponin,myoglobin and ho-mocysteine exist in the patients with CHD.Lipoprotein(a)and fibrinogen have high expression in the CHD patients,which can pro-vide the reliable scientific basis for diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 411-8, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448776

ABSTRACT

The 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate in mavalonic acid pathway, which is the first committed step for isoprenoid biosynthesis in plants. However, it still remains unclear whether HGMR gene plays a role in the isoprenoid biosynthesis in Dendrobium officinale, an endangered epiphytic orchid species. In the present study, a HMGR encoding gene, designed as DoHMGR1 (GenBank accession JX272632), was identified from D. officinale using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) methods, for the first time. The full length cDNA of DoHMGR1 was 2 071 bp in length and encoded a 562-aa protein with a molecular weight of 59.73 kD and an isoelectric point (pI) of 6.18. The deduced DoHMGR1 protein, like other HMGR proteins, constituted four conserved domains (63-561, 147-551, 268-383 and 124-541) and two transmembrane motifs (42-64 and 85-107). Multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that DoHMGR1 had high identity (67%-89%) to a number of HMGR genes from various plants and was closely related to Vanda hybrid cultivar, rice and maize monocots. Real time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed that DoHMGR1 was expressed in the three included organs. The transcripts were the most abundant in the roots with 2.13 fold over that in the leaves, followed by that in the stems with 1.98 fold. Molecular characterization of DoHMGR1 will be useful for further functional elucidation of the gene involving in isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway in D. officinale.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 182-183, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409001

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The lipid peroxide, monoamine oxidase, and superoxide dismutase are the important biochemical pharmacological indexes to test the ability of eliminating the free radicals of organism. The lipid peroxide is also a quantitative index of senility oxidation.OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of taibai yangshen on resisting free radicals through testing the serum lipid peroxide, monoamine oxidase (MAO),and superoxide dismutase (SOD) of the senile rats.DESIGN: A random control experiment.SETTING: Pharmacy Department of Shaanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).MATERIALS: The experiment was done in March 2002 in the pharmacological Experimental Base of Shaanxi College of TCM. The 40 healthy young rats and 40 old rats were selected. The water extract of ground taibai yangshen was concentrated to 1.5 g/mL. The ginseng decoction was concentrated to 0.3 g/mL.METHODS: The young and old rats were randomized into 8 groups:young normal control group, young ginseng group, young taibai yangshen big dosage group, young taibai yangshen small dosage group, old normal control group, old ginseng group, old taibai yangshen big dosage group, and old taibai yangshen small dosage group. Ten rats were in each group. Seven days for adaptation to the environment. Then the normal control group was gastro-perfused daily with the distilled water 20 g/kg, the ginseng the taibai yangshen big and small dosage groups were gastro-perfused daily spectively. Thirty-five days later, the rats were cut heads in the state of anesthesia. The serum was centrifuged. The sulfuration barbituric acid was adopted to test the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA), the ultraviolet absorption was adopted to test the activity of MAO, and the xanthine oxidase was adopted to test the activity of SOD.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The concentration of MDA and the activity of MAO and SOD.groups and the taibai yangshen big and small dosage groups, the concentration of MDA and the activity of MAO were lower than that of the normal control groups (P < 0.05-0.01), the activity of SOD was higher than yangshen small dosage group, the concentration of MDA and the activity of MAO were higher than that of the young taibai yangshen small dosage group [(8.23±1.73), (6.73±1.69) μmol/L; (41.7±15.9), (40.9±14.6) nkat/L,P < 0.05]. In the old taibai yangshen big and small dosage groups, the activity of SOD was lower than that of the young taibai yangshen big and small dosage groups [(386.75±26.71), (403.49±21.58) NU/mL; (382.13±20.07),(389.69±24.45) NU/mL, P < 0.05].CONCLUSION: Taibai yangshen functions well to inhibit the MAO, reduce the lipid peroxide, and enhance the activity of SOD, able to resist the free radicals to put off aging.

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