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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 707-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006015

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the efficacy of the adjustable "paper clip" techniques in the suture of dorsal vein complex (DVC) and retention of urethral function in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALRP). 【Methods】 A total of 30 cases of prostate cancer treated with RALRP were enrolled, all of which used the adjustable "paper clip" techniques. During operation, the DVC was sewed with barbed suture, and then a reverse suture was made through two sides of the prostatic ligaments. A Hem-o-lock was used to fasten the suture, which would be flexible to control the degree of tightness for the ligature. Perioperative and follow-up data of urinary continence and symptoms were collected and analyzed. 【Results】 All operations were successful. The estimated blood loss was (123.3±80.7) mL, 53.6% patients recovered continence in 1 month, and the continence rate increased to 92.9% and 96.3% at month 3 and 6. 92.9 of patients had no risk of incontinence 3 months after surgery. 【Conclusion】 The adjustable "paper clip" techniques have advantages in reducing blood loss, maintaining clear surgical field, preserving urethral function, and improving urinary continence.

2.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 554-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of vitamin D receptor(VDR)in biliary epithelial cells of children with biliary atresia(BA)and explore the correlation between VDR epression levels and clinical pathological prognosis.Methods:A total of 48 BA patients who underwent Kasai surgery in the Pediatric Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2017 to December 2020 with confirmed pathological results were selected as the study subjects.Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of VDR in biliary epithelial cells, and Masson staining was used to determine the degree of liver tissue fibrosis.Based on the VDR expression levels, the 48 BA patients were divided into the significantly low VDR expression group(30 cases)and the normal/high expression group(18 cases).Laboratory testing results within 1 week before Kasai surgery and liver shear wave elastography(SWE)data were collected for all patients.Follow-up was conducted for a period of 0 to 60 months after Kasai surgery or liver transplantation, meanwhile, the occurrence of refractory cholangitis and auto-liver survival time were collected.Results:There was a negative correlation between the degree of liver fibrosis and SWE value in children with BA( r=-0.805, P<0.01).In comparison between the two groups, the significantly low VDR expression group had higher SWE values[(20.57±1.28)kPa vs.(18.02±1.41)kPa, P<0.05], higher liver injury biochemical indicators[ALT(215.8±24.7)U/L vs.(182.6±21.2)U/L, P=0.021; AST(165.4±22.3)U/L vs.(139.6±21.4)U/L, P=0.014], a higher frequency of post-Kasai surgery refractory cholangitis(60.00% vs.22.22%, P=0.037), and a shorter median autologous liver survival time(27.00 months vs.36.00 months, P=0.032)than those in the normal/high expression group. Conclusion:The significant decrease in VDR expression in biliary epithelial cells may serve as an indicator of poor prognosis in BA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 193-197, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and safety of suprapubic bladder puncture and gland fixation in transurethral enucleation of the prostate.Methods:The clinical data of 15 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2020 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The age was (70.27±5.35) years old, preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was (3.03±1.37) ng/ml, preoperative total prostate weight was 80.3(70.49, 96.78)g, preoperative postvoid residual urine volume(PVR)was 80 (55, 108)ml, and the maximum urine flow rate (Q max) was (6.13±2.25) ml/s. The international prostate symptom score(IPSS) was 25(22, 27), quality of life (QOL)score was 5(5, 6), international erectile function index-5 (IIEF-5) score was (15.38±5.10). All 15 patients underwent conventional transurethral plasma enucleation of prostate by using the three-lobe method, and the enucleated gland was pushed into the bladder completely. Then a laparoscopic pneumoperitoneum needle was used to perform suprappubic cystipuncture, and ureteral grasping forceps were inserted through the outer sheath. The forceps were used to fix the enencied gland. A rapid harvesting electric resection was performed in the broad space of the bladder, and the Ellick was rinsed to remove the tissue fragments. Surgical indicators and complications were recorded. The improvement of subjective score (IPSS, QOL, IIEF-5) and objective index (Q max, PVR) was compared between preoperative and postoperative. Results:All the 15 operations were completed successfully and there were no complications such as blood transfusion, capsule perforation, transurethral resection syndrome, bladder injury, bladder puncture site laceration and bleeding. The weight of resected prostate tissue was 44(40, 60)g, with blood loss (79.20±18.93)ml.The time of enucleation operation was (54.13±10.88)min, with harvest cutting time (14.67±2.50)min, evisceration efficiency (0.89±0.08)g/min, harvesting efficiency (3.26±0.36)g/min, bladder irrigation time (2.47±0.52) d. The time of indwelling catheter was (3.73±0.80)d.The postoperative hospital stay was (4.40±0.91) d. Temporary urinary incontinence occurred in 1 case after operation. All patients were followed up for 6 months after operation. The IPSS score was 3(2, 3), QOL score was 0(0, 1), IIEF-5 score was (20.12±2.30), Q maxwas (21.80±2.14) ml/s and PVR was 10(5, 15)ml, which were all significantly different compared with those before surgery ( P<0.05). The symptoms of the patients were significantly improved. Conclusions:Transurethral plasma enucleation of prostate combined with suprapubic bladder puncture and fixed gland is effective in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The subjective symptoms and objective examination of patients have been significantly improved, and no adverse operation-related complications have occurred. It is a suitable method for enucleation of prostate in units which are not equipped with transurethral tissue planer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 748-753, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible role and clinical significance of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (IBDECs) in biliary atresia (BA).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 BA children who underwent Kasai surgery in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University and the Children′s Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2019.Expression level of VDR in IBDECs of 38 children with BA was detected by immunohistochemical staining, and that in children with choledochal cysts was detected as negative control.Masson staining was performed to examine the degree of liver fibrosis.The correlation between the expression level of VDR in IBDECs of children with BA, and the degree of liver fibrosis during operation, the incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai portoenterostomy and the survival time of autologous liver was analyzed.Human intrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (HiBECs) were induced with dsRNA virus infection by polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [Poly(I∶C)] in vitro, followed by detection of cell activity, apoptosis and VDR level.The differences between 2 independent groups were analyzed using Student t test.The relationship between the expression of VDR and clinicopathologic characteristics was conducted with χ2 test or Fisher′ s test.The Kaplan- Meier survival curve was used to analyze the differences in the survival time of autologous liver after Kasai in BA children with different VDR expression levels. Results:A total of 38 children with BA were included in this study.Among them, 23 cases showed no significant decrease of VDR protein level in IBDECs, and 15 cases showed a significant decrease in IBDECs.Compared with BA children without a significant decrease in VDR level in IBDECs, much severer liver fibrosis ( P<0.001) and significantly higher incidence of refractory cholangitis after Kasai procedure ( P=0.017) were detected in those with a significant decrease in VDR level.Compared with the control group, BA children with significantly lower VDR expression levels in HiBECs had a shorter autologous liver survival time ( P=0.030). Poly (I∶C) increased the apoptotic rate of HiBECs ( P<0.000 1) and decreased cell activity of HiBECs ( P<0.05), which significantly stimulated the secretion of inflammatory factors (interferon, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6) in the culture medium of HiBECs ( P<0.001). Poly (I∶C) significantly decreased the expression level of VDR protein in HiBECs ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Poly (I∶C) causes HiBECs damage and decreases VDR expression level in HiBECs of BA children, and the significantly decreased VDR expression level in IBDECs may be a marker of poor prognosis of BA.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2131-2133, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612597

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the the operative time of two stage soft ureteroscope lithotripsy for hemorrhagic embolism after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL).Methods The clinical data of 1 patient with massive hemorrhage after PCNL who treated with superselective renal artery embolization and ureteral soft lens were analyzed.Results The patient with postoperative bleeding after PCNL was treated with superselective renal artery branch embolization,after 30d embolization,the holmium laser lithotripsy under the soft ureteroscope for ureteral calculi was performed,and the renal pelvis mucosa smooth,no bleeding and scar formation were intraoperative visible.After operation,the stone was removed basically,and the double J tube was removed 2 weeks after operation.The patient had no special discomfort and the renal function was normal.Conclusion Postoperative 14-30d is a relatively safe time to perform flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy for super selective renal artery embolization in the treatment of patient with massive hemorrhage after PCNL.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1076-1079, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of polymorphism of 8473 (T/C,rs5275) in the 3′-untranslated region of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene with bladder cancer. Methods A case-control study on the relation between COX-2 polymorphism and bladder cancer was performed in this study. The Taqman SNP genotyping assay was used to study the COX-2 rs5275 polymorphism. Results The differences in allele or genotype distributions of COX-2 rs5275 between cases and controls (all P 0.05). Conlusion The separate effect of rs5275 polymorphism of COX-2 is associated with the susceptibility of bladder cancer, the TC/CC genotypes may be a protective factor.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 297-300, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446797

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the preliminary mechanism of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in promoting prostate cancer proliferation in tumor inflammatory microenvironment.Methods From April 2013 to October 2013,MSCs pretreated with inflammatory cytokine IL-1α (MSCs (IL-1α)) and its culture supernatants mixed with RM-1 cells,which origined from C57BL/6 mice,were subcutaneously administered in the armpit area of C57BL/6 or BALB/c mice to establish homologous or heterologous transplant animal mode and to detect the tumor growth.Meanwhile the influence of MSCs on the proliferation of spleen cells was detected in vitro.Results In homologous transplant model,the relative tumor weight of prostate cancer cells prtreated with MSCs and MSCs (IL-1α) and their culture supernatant were (3.4 ± 0.2),(3.3 ±0.2),(4.9±0.5),and (5.2±0.6) g.The results were statistically significant (P<0.05) compared with the control group (2.4±0.2) g.In heterologous model,the ratio of tumor formation of the pretreated groups were 50%,50%,80% and 80%,respectively,compared with the control group of 0%.The results were statistically significant (P<0.05).In proliferation experiments of spleen cells,the number of spleen cell pretreated with IL-1α were significantly lower than that in control group and unpretreated group (P < 0.05).Conclusions MSCs pretreated with IL-1α could effectively promote the growth of prostate cancer cell in vivo.The reason may be due to inflammatory cytokines induce immune suppression of MSCs and then lead to immune escape of cancer cells.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 394-396, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412836

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes and mechanism of learning and memory in rats by different doses of benzo (a) pyrene (B(a)P). Methods Forty weaned rats (28 days) were randomly divided into control group (NS), solvent group ( vegetable oil) and three B (a) P dosage groups (the doses were 5,10 and 20 mg / kg body weight respectively ). And all rats were administrated intraperitoneally every other day to one month. The capability of learning and memory in rats were measured by Morris water maze test, and the brain-derived neurotrophic factor ( BDNF) and NMDAR2B content in hippocampus were tested by immunohistochemistry. Results In training of Morris water maze,the average escape latency was extended gradually with increasing dose, and there was a statistically significant difference between high-dose group((62. 78 ±47. 25 )s) and the control group((40.60±38.79)s)(P< 0.01). Compared with the control group(11.25 ±2.63), the number of crossplatform of high-dose group(4.33 ±2.08) was statistically reduced (P<0.05). B(a)P at 10 and 20 mg/kg decreased NMDAR2B and BDNF expression in hippocampus of rats in immunohistochemistry. The level of NMDAR2B was (162.23 ±6.56) in the high-dose group and (150.38 ± 15.34) in the control group(P<0.05);the expression level of BDNF was (163. 13 ± 8.09) in the high-dose group and (141.83 ± 13.37) in the control group(P< 0.05). Conclusion Subacute B(a)P exposure can reduce spatial learning and memory in weaning rats, it may be related to decreased levels of NMDAR2B and BDNF in hippocampus.

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