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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 85-88, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506887

ABSTRACT

Objective]To explore the metastasis regulatory of lymph node of papillary thyroid cancer and to analyze the influence factors.[Methods]Clinical data of 375 papillary thyroid cancer patients at our hospital between Jun 2011 and Sep 2015 were retrospectively reviewed and summarized the metastasis regulatory of lymph nodes and the tumor characteristics.[Results]All selected patients were diagnosed papillary thyroid cancer. The Total metastasis rate of cervical lymph node was 67.47%,the metastasis rate of region Ⅵ lymph nodes was 64.27%;the metastasis rate of region Ⅱ~Ⅴ lymph nodes was 36.53%. The metastasis rate of lymph nodes of the patients with tumor diameter over 1 cm,breaking through thyroid membrane and invading the cervical muscle were significantly increased(P < 0.05).[Conclusion]The central group lymph nodes were the most metastasis region of papillary thyroid cancer and should routinely be dissected by the first time of surgery. When the tumor diameter greater than 1 cm or cancer breakthrough thyroid membrane and/or invading the cervical muscles ,the ipsilateral lateral neck lymph nodes should be dissected at the same time.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 302-306, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487121

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of heat shock protein 75 ( Hsp75 ) over-expression on Aβ-induced neurotoxicity in the neural stem cells and to explore its mechanism.METHODS:An adenovirus-mediated Hsp75 over-ex-pression vector was used in vitro.The mouse neural stem cell C17.2 was cultured in vitro and divided into control group, Aβgroup, negative adenovirus vector transfection group and Hsp75 over-expression adenovirus vector transfection group. The transfection and cellular immune identification were detected by fluorescence microscopy.The cell morphology was ob-served under inverted phase-contrast microscope.The cell viability and apoptosis were detected by MTT assay and flow cy-tometry, respectively.Hsp75 over-expression and cleaved caspase-3 protein level were measured by Western blot.RE-SULTS:Observation by fluorescence microscopy indicated that C17.2 cells were successfully transfected and Hsp75 gene was effectively expressed in the neural stem cells after transfection.In addition, the morphology and viability of the cells did not change and these cells did not differentiate after transfection.As compared with control group, the cell viability in Aβgroup and negative adenovirus vector transfection group was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the cell apoptotic rate and cleaved caspase-3 level (P<0.05) were increased.As compared with Aβgroup and negative adenovirus vector transfection group, Hsp75 over-expression significantly increased the cell viability, and decreased the cell apoptosis and cleaved caspase-3 level ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION: Hsp75 over-expression protects the neural stem cells against Aβ-induced injury.The mechanism may be related to inhibiting caspase-3 pathway-dependent apoptosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 623-626, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short-term and long-term elinical effect of hepatectomy using Tissue-Link & Cusa,compared to the Pringle maneuver.Methods Clinical data of 87 HCC patients who had received hepatectomy by the Pringle's Maneuver (group A) or Tissue-Link & Cusa (group B) were retrospectively analyzed.Results The average amount of bleeding in Group A was more than group B (t =2.030,P =0.023).The time of operation in group A was shorter than group B (t =-2.896,P =0.006).The postoperative supplement of albumin in group A was more than group B,the level of serum total bilirubin on 7th day after operation was higher than group B (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in postoperation complications and the time in hospital (P >0.05).The rate of incisional recurrence and the rate of metastasis in or out of the liver in group A were higher than group B (P =0.029,0.021,0.016).The 2-and 3-year tumor-free survival rates and the 3-year overall survival rates in group A were lower than that in group B (P =0.047,0.036,0.042).Conclusions Hepatectomy using Tissue-Link & Cusa is superior to the Pringle's maneuver for the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma.It has a clear operative field,less operative bleeding,less damage to liver function and a lower relapse rate of incisional margin.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 777-780, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479937

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of preoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods HCC patients undergoing up-front hepatectomy (group A) were compared with those receiving TACE before hepatectomy (group B).Results Tumor size decreased significantly after TACE (t =3.3 1,P =0.021).The rates of tumor encapsulation and liver adhesions were significantly more often seen in group B.There were fewer tumor-residual and more frequent necrosis in group B.Operative time in group B was longer (t =2.71 ,P =0.046).The average blood loss and complication rate were of no difference between the two groups.The occurrence of pleural effusion and intrahepatic recurrence rate in group A was higher than group B (x2 =3.85 ,P =0.031) (x2 =2.76,P =0.046).The overall survival rate from the second year postoperative in group B was higher than group A (x2 =3.37, P =0.043).Conclusions TACE could diminish tumor, advance encapsulation and reduce tumor-residual.Preoperative TACE does not improve 1-, 2-, and 3-year tumor-free survival rates but improve 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 119-123, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474660

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the role of phospholipase C epsilon 1 ( PLCE1 ) in modulating the apoptotic mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma A 549 cells.METHODS:PLCE1 inhibitor U-73122 was used to suppress the expres-sion of PLCE1.The expression of PLCE1 and p53 in A549 cells was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting.Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry .RESULTS:A549 cells expressed high level of PLCE1 and low level of p53.Inhibition of PLCE1 markedly increased the expression of p 53, and increased the apoptosis of A 549 cells.CON-CLUSION:PLCE1 suppresses apoptosis of A549 cells via inhibiting the expression of p53.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4444-4449, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453015

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have confirmed that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro can promote hepatic stel ate cellapoptosis and inhibit its activity, in which the mechanism of action remains unknown. OBJECTIVE:To screen out apoptosis-related genes during hepatic stel ate cellapoptosis regulated by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells using gene chip technology. METHODS:Purified human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were seeded in 6-wel Transwel plate and cocultured with hepatic stel ate cells. Cultured human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells alone served as control group, and cultured for 72 hours. The alterations in apoptosis-related genes were analyzed between culture alone group and coculture group using gene chip technology. The genes strongly associated with regulation of hepatic stel ate cells were selected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:By the functional classification of second-generation SABiosciences Gene chips, apoptotic gene screening found that after coculture, significantly upregulated genes in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells contained:AKT1, PIK3R2, DAPK1, DHCR24, NOTCH2 and BDNF. Combined with previous findings, we hypothesized that NOTCH may play a key role in the regulation of hepatic stel ate cells by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 874-877, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439322

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the short-term and long-term effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods The clinical data of 70 HCC patients who had received thermal ablation (group A) done or in combination with TACE (group B) were retrospectively analyzed.Results The rate of intrahepatic distant recurrence in group B (25 cases) was lower than that in group A (45 cases) (X2 =3.845,P =0.046) and the tumor-free survival rate was higher than group A (X2 =5.020,P =O.030).There were no differences in the local tumor progression rate (X2 =0.853,P =0.374) and overall survival (x2 =2.316,P =0.154) between two groups.Incidence of bone marrow suppression in group B was higher than that of group A (X2 =5.642,P =0.042).Major complications didn't occur in any group(X2 =2.016,P =0.183).The costs was higher(t =7.738,P <0.001) and the hospital stay was longer (t =5.921,P =0.003) in group B than group A.Conclusions Compared with ablation alone,combined therapy is able to reduce short-term recurrence,and improve tumor-free survival.Combine therapy is safe and effective method for small liver carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5257-5260, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is no accepted treatment for liver fibrosis recently. Bone marrow meaenchymal stern cells (BMSCs) used in the treatment of liver fibrosis has been reported as an effectively treatment, but the mechanism is unclear.OBJECTIVE: To study the regulation of hepatic stellate cells mediated by human BMSCs in vitro.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The cytological in vitro study was performed at the Center for Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering of Sun Yat-sen University and the Central Laboratory of Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from June to December 2008.MATERIALS: Human bone marrow masenchymal stem cells were collected from normal youth volunteers; Human hepatic stellate cells and normal liver call line L-O2 were supplied by the Animal Experimental Center of Sun Yat-sen University.METHODS: The purified human BMSCs and hepatic stellate calls were set up in Transwell co-culture system. The incubation density was 2×104cells/well. L-O2 was set up instead of human BMSCs as negative control. Hepatic stellate cells cultured alone served as blank control group. The culture was performed for 72 hours.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Morphology of hepatic stellate cells and results of immunocytochemical staining. Apoptosis of hepatic stellte calls was determined by flow cytometry. Western blot were used to assay the expression of α-actin.RESULTS: Activated hepatic stellate cells presented fiat and thin shape under an inverted microscope. Fat drop was lack in cytoplasm, a -actin located in hepatic stellate calls, with the presence of high tension fibers. Compared with the L-O2 + hepatic stellate cell and hepatic stellate call groups, the apoptotic rate of hepatic stellate cells was significantly increased in the BMSC + hepatic stellate cell group (P < 0.05). α -actin expression was significantly down-regulated.CONCLUSION: Human BMSCs can inhibit activation of hepatic stellate ceils and promote them apoptosis, which may be the anti-hepatic fibrosis mechanism of BMSCs.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 234-237, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395841

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the bioartificial liver by bone mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) and alginate scaffold. Method Alginate scaffold was used as the cell carrier for the cultivation of BMSC and the differentiation from BMSC into hepatic like cells was induced by the cell factors of HGF, EGF and FGF-4 in the scaffold in vitro. The compatibility of the cells and the scaffold was observed by microscopy and the function of the differentiatd cells was tested. The gene of AFP and ALB was detected by RT-PCR. The secretion of ALB and the urea synthesis of the cells were tested by ALB kit and urea kit respectively. The glycogen synthesis and the CK-18 was tested by the glycogen stanning method and the immunofluorescence test. Results BMSC was able to attach, grow and proliferate well in the alginate scaffold, the well compatibility was observed by microscopy. ALB and urea were detected in the cultivating medium, the gene of ALB and AFP was identified by RT-PCR. The glycogen synthesis ability and the expression of CK-18 were induced during the differentiation. Conclusion The three dimensional atginate scaffold exhibited well compatibility with BMSC, BMSC could be differentiated into the hepatic like cell in the scaffold. BMSC and the alginate scaffold could be used to construct the bioartificial liver for the hepatic tissue engineering.

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