Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 109
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913613

ABSTRACT

In Van der Woude syndrome (VWS), a rare congenital disease, lower lip pits (LLPs) can cause an aesthetically significant deformity. Surgical treatment of LLPs is necessary if they cause recurrent inflammation or aesthetic problems. Intraoperatively, surgeons should keep in mind the possibility of deep extension of the sinus tract and the relative deficiency of the midline in VWS, which increases the risk of lip disfigurement. Herein, we emphasize the importance of using a tissue-preserving technique to improve aesthetic results in VWS patients with a sinus tract.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the optimal third-line therapy for managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that is inadequately controlled using dual combination therapy. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of pioglitazone or glimepiride when added to metformin plus alogliptin treatment for T2DM.METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, active-controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02426294) recruited 135 Korean patients with T2DM that was inadequately controlled using metformin plus alogliptin. The patients were then randomized to also receive pioglitazone (15 mg/day) or glimepiride (2 mg/day) for a 26-week period, with dose titration was permitted based on the investigator's judgement.RESULTS: Glycosylated hemoglobin levels exhibited similar significant decreases in both groups during the treatment period (pioglitazone: −0.81%, P<0.001; glimepiride: −1.05%, P<0.001). However, the pioglitazone-treated group exhibited significantly higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (P<0.001) and significantly lower homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance values (P<0.001). Relative to pioglitazone, adding glimepiride to metformin plus alogliptin markedly increased the risk of hypoglycemia (pioglitazone: 1/69 cases [1.45%], glimepiride: 14/66 cases [21.21%]; P<0.001).CONCLUSION: Among patients with T2DM inadequately controlled using metformin plus alogliptin, the addition of pioglitazone provided comparable glycemic control and various benefits (improvements in lipid profiles, insulin resistance, and hypoglycemia risk) relative to the addition of glimepiride.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol, HDL , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors , Drug Therapy, Combination , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Insulin Resistance , Metformin , Sulfonylurea Compounds , Thiazolidinediones , Treatment Failure
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Circulating apolipoprotein J (ApoJ) is closely associated with insulin resistance; however, the effect of exercise on circulating ApoJ levels and the association of ApoJ with metabolic indices remain unknown. Here, we investigated whether a combined exercise can alter the circulating ApoJ level, and whether these changes are associated with metabolic indices in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.METHODS: Postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned into either an exercise (EXE, n=30) or control (CON, n=15) group. Participants in the EXE group were enrolled in a 12-week program consisting of a combination of aerobic and resistance exercises. At baseline, 4, 8, and 12 weeks, body composition and metabolic parameters including homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and serum ApoJ levels were assessed.RESULTS: In the EXE group, ApoJ levels decreased 26.3% and 19.4%, relative to baseline, at 8 and 12 weeks, respectively. Between-group differences were significant at 8 and 12 weeks (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively). In the EXE group, 12 weeks of exercise resulted in significant decreases in body weight, percent body fat, and HOMA-IR indices. Concurrently, weight-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM/wt) was increased in the EXE group compared with the CON group. Importantly, changes in the ApoJ level were significantly correlated with changes in ASM/wt.CONCLUSION: Exercise training resulted in a significant decrease in the circulating ApoJ level, with changes in ApoJ associated with an improvement in some insulin resistance indices. These data suggest that circulating ApoJ may be a useful metabolic marker for assessing the effects of exercise on insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Apolipoproteins , Body Composition , Body Weight , Clusterin , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Exercise , Female , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Muscle, Skeletal , Sarcopenia
4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833806

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of human toxoplasmosis can be attributed to ingestion of food contaminated with Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmosis recently increased in domestic and stray dogs and cats. It prompted studies on the zoonotic infectious diseases transmitted via these animals. Sero- and antigen prevalences of T. gondii in dogs and cats were surveyed using ELISA and PCR, and B1 gene phylogeny was analyzed in this study. Toxoplasmosis antibodies were measured on sera of 403 stray cats, 947 stray dogs, 909 domestic cats, and 2,412 domestic dogs collected at nationwide regions, Korea from 2017 to 2019. In addition, whole blood, feces, and tissue samples were also collected from stray cats (1,392), stray dogs (686), domestic cats (3,040), and domestic dogs (1,974), and T. gondii-specific B1 gene PCR was performed. Antibody prevalence of stray cats, stray dogs, domestic cats, and domestic dogs were 14.1%, 5.6%, 2.3%, and 0.04%, respectively. Antigen prevalence of these animals was 0.5%, 0.2%, 0.1%, and 0.4%, respectively. Stray cats revealed the highest infection rate of toxoplasmosis, followed by stray dogs, domestic cats, and domestic dogs. B1 gene positives were 5 of stray cats, and identified to high/moderate pathogenic Type I/III group. These findings enforce that preventive hygienic measure should be strengthened at One Health level in dogs and cats, domestic and stray, to minimize human toxoplasmosis infections.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 613-624, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833008

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration play a critical role in neointimal formation. Focal adhesion is involved in cell proliferation and migration, and talin is known to be a key regulator of these processes. We synthesized a new talin modulator that binds to the talin protein, and investigated its effects on SMCs and neointimal formation after vascular injury. @*Methods@#Human aortic SMCs (HAoSMCs) were treated with a newly synthesized talin modulator. Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice were subjected to left femoral arterial injury and orally administered with the talin modulator daily. Laser Doppler imager was used to compare the blood flow, and injured femoral arteries and blood serum were analyzed after 28 days. @*Results@#The talin modulator significantly inhibited cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner and suppressed the migration of HAoSMCs. Treatment with a talin modulator resulted in a significant reduction in the phosphorylation of focal adhesion molecules and downstream signaling molecules related to cell proliferation and migration. The effects of the talin modulator in HAoSMCs were found to be reversible, as evidenced by the reactivation of signaling pathways upon its removal. After 28 days of administration of the talin modulator, an improvement in the blood flow and reduction in neointimal formation in the injured femoral arteries were observed. @*Conclusions@#We demonstrated the inhibitory effects of a talin modulator on SMC proliferation and migration, and that were associated with downregulation of signaling pathways, resulting in the attenuation of neointimal formation in ApoE KO mice.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thyroid disease and metabolic syndrome are both associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between thyroid hormones and obesity sub-phenotypes using nationwide data from Korea, a country known to be iodine replete.METHODS: This study was based on data obtained from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, administered from 2013 to 2015. A total of 13,873 participants aged ≥19 years were included, and classified into four groups: metabolically healthy non-obesity (MHNO), metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), metabolically unhealthy non-obesity (MUNO), and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO) by body fat on the basis of body mass index and metabolic health.RESULTS: At baseline, serum free thyroxine (fT4) values were significantly higher in the MHNO phenotype (MHNO, 1.27±0.01 ng/dL; MHO, 1.25±0.01 ng/dL; MUNO, 1.24±0.01 ng/dL; MUO, 1.24±0.01 ng/dL, P<0.001) in total study population. However, this significant association no longer remained after adjustment for age, urine iodine concentration, and smoking (P=0.085). After adjustment for confounders, statistically significant association was observed between lower thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and MHNO phenotype (P=0.044). In men participants (not women), higher fT4 values were significantly associated with MHNO phenotype (P<0.001). However, no significant association was observed between thyroid function (TSH or fT4) and obesity phenotypes in groups classified by age (cutoff age of 55 years).CONCLUSION: Although there was a difference by age and sex, we found that the decrease of TSH and the increase of fT4 values were associated with MHNO.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adult , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Iodine , Korea , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Obesity, Metabolically Benign , Phenotype , Smoke , Smoking , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Hormones , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763619

ABSTRACT

Suture anchors are commonly used in shoulder surgeries, especially for rotator cuff tears. Peri-anchor cyst formation, however, is sometimes detected on follow-up radiologic image after surgery. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a patient who presented with regression of extensive peri-anchor cyst on postoperative 4-year follow-up magnetic resonance imaging and had good clinical outcome despite peri-anchor cyst formation after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder , Suture Anchors , Tears
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914136

ABSTRACT

Suture anchors are commonly used in shoulder surgeries, especially for rotator cuff tears. Peri-anchor cyst formation, however, is sometimes detected on follow-up radiologic image after surgery. The purpose of this report is to discuss the case of a patient who presented with regression of extensive peri-anchor cyst on postoperative 4-year follow-up magnetic resonance imaging and had good clinical outcome despite peri-anchor cyst formation after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716047

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: BRAF V600E mutation status and prevalence of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) has not yet been reported in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of the BRAF V600E mutation in the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) and to determine the prevalence of NIFTP in BRAF V600E mutation-prevalent Korean patients. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed 1,417 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with routine prophylactic central lymph node dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). BRAF V600E mutation analysis was performed routinely using multiplex polymerase chain reaction by applying dual priming oligonucleotide. Clinicopathological characteristics and ultrasonographic findings were compared between BRAF V600E mutation-positive and -negative groups for FVPTC. Pathologists reviewed the pathology slides according to consensus diagnostic criteria for the encapsulated FVPTC and NIFTP. RESULTS: The prevalence of the BRAF V600E mutation in all subtypes of PTC was 61.0% (861/1,411). FVPTC presented a BRAF V600E mutation rate of 27.3%. The FVPTC patients with BRAF V600E mutation were older than those with no BRAF V600E mutation (P = 0.021). The prevalence of NIFTP was 0.18% among all PTC patients (2/1,411) and the proportion of NIFTP among FVPTC was 9.1% (2/22). CONCLUSION: The BRAF V600E mutation is prevalent in Korean patients with FVPTC in a region with high frequency of the BRAF V600E mutation and very low prevalence of NIFTP compared with that reported in western studies.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Papillary , Consensus , Humans , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mutation Rate , Pathology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758787

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) is an emerging pathogen in animals and humans. Herein, we describe two clinical swine cases of SDSE infection presenting with lameness, neurological signs, or sudden death. Pathological examination indicated suppurative arthritis, encephalitis, and multifocal abscesses in kidney and heart. The β-hemolytic colonies obtained from joint samples of each case were identified as SDSE. The two isolates had low minimum inhibitory concentrations for β-lactams, and they presented the same virulence gene profile (slo⁻/sagA⁺/pSTKP8⁺). Molecular analysis by multilocus sequence typing identified the SDSE isolates from cases 1 and 2 as sequence types 315 and 252, respectively.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Animals , Arthritis, Infectious , Death, Sudden , Encephalitis , Heart , Humans , Joints , Kidney , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Streptococcus , Swine , Virulence
11.
Journal of Korean Diabetes ; : 119-133, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although clinicians, nurse specialists, pharmacists, and nutritionists expend significant time and resources in optimizing care for patients with diabetes, the effectiveness of integrated diabetes care team approach remains unclear. We assessed the effects of a multidisciplinary team care educational intervention on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels among diabetes patients. METHODS: We conducted a matched case-control study in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes, comparing the propensity scores pertaining to the effectiveness in reducing HbA1c levels between a group receiving an educational intervention and a control group. We included 40 pairs of patients hospitalized between June 2014 and September 2016. HbA1c values measured at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The educated group showed an improvement in HbA1c levels compared to the control group at 3 months (6.3 ± 2.3% vs. 9.5 ± 4.0%; P = 0.020) and at 6 months (7.5 ± 1.5% vs. 9.6 ± 3.0%; P = 0.106). There was a significant difference in the change in mean HbA1c from baseline to 3 months between the two groups (−35.7 ± 26.1% vs. −9.1 ± 20.5%; P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary team care education intervention was advantageous for improving glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes, and may help to optimize glycemic control in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Education , Glucose , Health Education , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Nurse Clinicians , Nutritionists , Pharmacists , Propensity Score , Specialization
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with and without inferior capsular release for shoulder stiffness. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2015, 39 patients who underwent arthroscopic capsular release for shoulder stiffness were enrolled and randomized into two groups. In group I, 19 patients underwent arthroscopic capsular release of the rotator interval and anterior capsule. In group II, 20 patients underwent arthroscopic capsular release of the anterior to inferior capsule, including the rotator interval. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Constant scoring system, Simple Shoulder Test, visual analogue scale for pain, and range of motion (ROM) were used for evaluation before surgery, at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery and on the last follow-up. RESULTS: Preoperative demographic data revealed no significant differences (p<0.05). The average follow-up was 16.07 months. Both groups showed significantly increased ROM at the last follow-up compared with preoperative (p<0.05). At the last follow-up, no statistical differences were found (p<0.05) between groups I and II in functional scores and ROM (forward flexion, p=0.91; side external rotation, p=0.17; abduction external rotation, p=0.72; internal rotation, p=0.61). But we found that group II gained more flexion compared to group I at 3 months and 6 months (p<0.05) after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques of capsular release are effective for stiffness shoulder. However, the extended inferior capsular release shows superiority in forward flexion over anterior capsular release alone during 6 months of follows-up (level of evidence: Level I, therapeutic randomized controlled trial).


Subject(s)
Bursitis , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joint Capsule Release , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder , Surgeons
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with and without inferior capsular release for shoulder stiffness. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2015, 39 patients who underwent arthroscopic capsular release for shoulder stiffness were enrolled and randomized into two groups. In group I, 19 patients underwent arthroscopic capsular release of the rotator interval and anterior capsule. In group II, 20 patients underwent arthroscopic capsular release of the anterior to inferior capsule, including the rotator interval. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Constant scoring system, Simple Shoulder Test, visual analogue scale for pain, and range of motion (ROM) were used for evaluation before surgery, at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery and on the last follow-up. RESULTS: Preoperative demographic data revealed no significant differences (p<0.05). The average follow-up was 16.07 months. Both groups showed significantly increased ROM at the last follow-up compared with preoperative (p<0.05). At the last follow-up, no statistical differences were found (p<0.05) between groups I and II in functional scores and ROM (forward flexion, p=0.91; side external rotation, p=0.17; abduction external rotation, p=0.72; internal rotation, p=0.61). But we found that group II gained more flexion compared to group I at 3 months and 6 months (p<0.05) after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques of capsular release are effective for stiffness shoulder. However, the extended inferior capsular release shows superiority in forward flexion over anterior capsular release alone during 6 months of follows-up (level of evidence: Level I, therapeutic randomized controlled trial).


Subject(s)
Bursitis , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joint Capsule Release , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder , Surgeons
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25084

ABSTRACT

Urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) is potentially a specific biomarker for the status of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in patients with diabetes mellitus. We explored whether changes in urinary AGT excretion levels were associated with the deterioration of kidney function in type 2 diabetes patients with preserved kidney function. Urinary baseline AGT levels were measured in 118 type 2 diabetic patients who were not taking RAS blockers and who had estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m². A total of 91 patients were followed-up for 52 months. Changes in urinary levels of AGT (ΔAGT) were calculated by subtracting urinary AGT/creatinine (Cr) at baseline from urinary AGT/Cr after 1 year. ΔAGT was significantly inversely correlated with annual eGFR change (β = −0.29, P = 0.006; β = −0.37, P = 0.001 after adjusting for clinical factors). RAS blockers were prescribed in 36.3% of patients (n = 33) during follow-up. The ΔAGT values were lower in the RAS blockers users than in the non-RAS blockers users, but the differences were not statistically significant (7.37 ± 75.88 vs. 22.55 ± 57.45 μg/g Cr, P = 0.081). The ΔAGT values remained significantly correlated with the annual rate of eGFR change (β = −0.41, P = 0.001) in the patients who did not use RAS blockers, but no such correlation was evident in the patients who did. ΔAGT is inversely correlated with annual changes in eGFR in type 2 diabetes patients with preserved kidney function, particularly in RAS blocker-naïve patients.


Subject(s)
Angiotensinogen , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Kidney , Renin-Angiotensin System
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 151-159, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59353

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, stem cell therapy has been extensively studied for clinical application for heart diseases. Among various stem cells, adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ADSC) is still an attractive stem cell resource due to its abundance and easy accessibility. In vitro studies showed the multipotent differentiation potentials of ADSC, even differentiation into cardiomyocytes. Many pre-clinical animal studies have also demonstrated promising therapeutic results of ADSC. Furthermore, there were several clinical trials showing the positive results in acute myocardial infarction using ADSC. The present article covers the brief introduction, the suggested therapeutic mechanisms, application methods including cell dose and delivery, and human clinical trials of ADSC for myocardial regeneration.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Heart Diseases , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Regeneration , Stem Cells
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118523

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report cases of a retinal, preretinal and vitreous hemorrhage due to retinoic acid syndrome and a papilledema caused by increased intracranial pressure in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). CASE SUMMARY: (Case 1) A 48-year-old female visited our clinic with headache, dyspnea, and visual disturbance during ATRA medications for acute promyelocytic leukemia. Her visual acuity of both eyes was hand motion, and fundus examination revealed extensive retinal, preretinal, and vitreous hemorrhage. The laboratory test showed leukocytosis and computed tomography of brain and chest revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage and pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage. She was diagnosed with retinoic acid syndrome and was treated with vitrectomy in both eyes. (Case 2) A 17-year-old male, who had been treated with ATRA for acute promyelocytic leukemia, had headache and visual disturbance. His best-corrected visual acuity was 1.0 in both eyes, but the fundus examination showed papilledema and retinal hemorrhage in both eyes. Goldmann visual field examination revealed an enlarged blind spot in both eyes. He was diagnosed with papilledema caused by ATRA induced increased intracranial pressure, and was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with ATRA may have retinoic acid syndrome and increased intracranial pressure that could result in retinal hemorrhage, vitreous hemorrhage, and papilledema.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Brain , Dyspnea , Female , Hand , Headache , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intracranial Pressure , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Leukocytosis , Male , Middle Aged , Optic Disk , Papilledema , Pseudotumor Cerebri , Retinal Hemorrhage , Retinaldehyde , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Thorax , Tretinoin , Visual Acuity , Visual Fields , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Hemorrhage
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151262

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational longitudinal study of patients presenting at the Pusan National University Hospital. A total of 349 patients with T2DM and preserved kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m²) were enrolled. The main outcome was the development of CKD stage 3 or greater. The patients were divided into four groups according to the quartiles of the total serum bilirubin levels at baseline. RESULTS: The group with the lowest range of total serum bilirubin level (Q1) showed the highest cumulative incidence of CKD stage 3 or greater than that of the other lower quartiles (Q1 vs. Q4; hazard ratio [HR], 6.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.54 to 29.47; p = 0.011). In multivariate analysis, the risk of developing CKD stage 3 or greater was higher in the second lowest quartile of the serum bilirubin level than that in the highest quartile of the serum bilirubin level (Q2 vs. Q4; HR, 9.36; 95% CI, 1.33 to 65.73; p = 0.024). In the normoalbuminuria subgroup (n = 236), multivariate analysis showed that the risk of developing CKD stage 3 or greater was higher in the lowest quartile of the serum bilirubin level than that in the highest quartile of the serum bilirubin level (Q1 vs. Q4; HR, 7.36; 95% CI, 1.24 to 35.82; p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Serum bilirubin might be an early clinical marker for predicting the progression of CKD in patients with T2DM and preserved renal function.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Biomarkers , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Kidney , Longitudinal Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145676

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We compared the efficacies of vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily) relative to pioglitazone (15 mg once daily) as an add-on treatment to metformin for reducing glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The present study was a multicenter, randomized, active-controlled investigation comparing the effects of vildagliptin and pioglitazone in Korean patients receiving a stable dose of metformin but exhibiting inadequate glycemic control. Each patient underwent a 16-week treatment period with either vildagliptin or pioglitazone as an add-on treatment to metformin. RESULTS: The mean changes in HbA1c levels from baseline were -0.94% in the vildagliptin group and -0.6% in the pioglitazone group and the difference between the treatments was below the non-inferiority margin of 0.3%. The mean changes in postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) levels were -60.2 mg/dL in the vildagliptin group and -38.2 mg/dL in the pioglitazone group and these values significantly differed (P=0.040). There were significant decreases in the levels of total, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein (HDL), and non-HDL cholesterol in the vildagliptin group but increases in the pioglitazone group. The mean change in body weight was -0.07 kg in the vildagliptin group and 0.69 kg in the pioglitazone group, which were also significantly different (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: As an add-on to metformin, the efficacy of vildagliptin for the improvement of glycemic control is not inferior to that of pioglitazone in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. In addition, add-on treatment with vildagliptin had beneficial effects on PPG levels, lipid profiles, and body weight compared to pioglitazone.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Body Weight , Cholesterol , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Lipoproteins , Metformin , Thiazolidinediones
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Syndactyly of the foot is the second most common congenital foot anomaly. In East Asia, however, no large case study has been reported regarding the clinical features of isolated foot syndactyly. In this study, we report a review of 118 patients during the last 25 years. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of patients who underwent surgical correction for foot syndactyly between January 1990 and December 2014. Operations were performed with a dorsal triangular flap and a full-thickness skin graft. The demographics of included patients and their clinical features were evaluated. Surgical outcomes and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 118 patients with 194 webs (155 feet), 111 patients showed nonsyndromic cases and 7 patients showed syndromic cases. In 80 unilateral cases (72.1%), the second web was the most frequently involved (37.5%), followed by the fourth (30%), the first (15%), the third (15%), the first and second in combination (1.3%), and the second and third in combination (1.3%). Among 31 bilateral cases, 2 cases were asymmetric. Among the remaining 29 symmetric bilateral cases, the second web was the most frequently involved (45.2%), followed by the first (22.6%), and the fourth (6.5%). No specific postoperative complications were observed, except in the case of 1 patient (0.51%) who required a secondary operation to correct web creep. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective clinical study of 118 patients with both unilateral and bilateral foot syndactyly revealed that the second web was the most frequently involved. In addition, complete division and tension-free wound closure with a full-thickness skin graft of sufficient size showed good postoperative results.


Subject(s)
Clinical Study , Demography , Far East , Foot Deformities, Congenital , Foot , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Syndactyly , Transplants , Wounds and Injuries
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL