Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 183
Filter
1.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 186-194, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968751

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The optimal treatment for acute malignant obstruction of the proximal colon (MOPC, proximal to the splenic flexure) remains challenging. Emergency resection, the traditional modality for MOPC, has shown significantly high mortality and morbidity rates, according to recent studies. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of stent vs stoma as a bridge to curative surgery for MOPC. @*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 72 patients who underwent endoscopic placement of a self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) or loop ileostomy for MOPC at six referral centers between January 2011 and July 2021. Clinical and pathological characteristics, procedure-related complications, and long-term mortality rates after curative surgery were analyzed. @*Results@#During a mean follow-up period of 32 months, 30 patients (41.7%) underwent ileostomy preferentially for more proximal cancer, complete obstruction, and advanced tumor stage compared to the SEMS group. No difference was found in procedure-related complications, but five deaths were observed after ileostomy. Survival analysis for 5-year mortality after curative surgery showed no significant difference between the bridge modalities (log-rank p = 0.253). @*Conclusions@#In this study, SEMS as a bridge to surgery showed relatively safe results in terms of post-procedural mortality. However, these results should be considered when performing ileostomy in patients with more advanced malignant obstruction.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1281-1290, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999809

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Despite numerous studies on the optimal treatments for oligometastatic disease (OMD), there is no established interdisciplinary consensus on its diagnosis or classification. This survey-based study aimed to analyze the differential opinions of colorectal surgeons and radiation oncologists regarding the definition and treatment of OMD from the colorectal primary. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 141 participants were included in this study, consisting of 63 radiation oncologists (44.7%) and 78 colorectal surgeons (55.3%). The survey consisted of 19 questions related to OMD, and the responses were analyzed using the chi-square test to determine statistical differences between the specialties. @*Results@#The radiation oncologists chose “bone” more frequently compared to the colorectal surgeons (19.2% vs. 36.5%, p=0.022), while colorectal surgeons favored “peritoneal seeding” (26.9% vs. 9.5%, p=0.009). Regarding the number of metastatic tumors, 48.3% of colorectal surgeons responded that “irrelevant, if all metastatic lesions are amendable to local therapy”, while only 21.8% of radiation oncologist chose same answer. When asked about molecular diagnosis, most surgeons (74.8%) said it was important, but only 35.8% of radiation oncologists agreed. @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrates that although radiation oncologists and colorectal surgeons agreed on a majority of aspects such as diagnostic imaging, biomarker, systemic therapy, and optimal timing of OMD, they also had quite different perspectives on several aspects of OMD. Understanding these differences is crucial to achieving multidisciplinary consensus on the definition and optimal management of OMD.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 918-926, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999784

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The optimal short-course chemotherapeutic regimen for rectal cancer has not been clearly defined until now. KROG 10-01 and KROG 11-02 prospective trials investigated the efficacy and safety of 1- and 2-week chemoradiotherapy (CRT), respectively. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients eligible for KROG 10-01 and KROG 11-02 involved those with clinical T3-4N0-2M0 rectal cancers. They received preoperative CRT and total mesorectal excision. Patients in KROG 10-01 received radiation of 25 Gy in 5 fractions during 1 week with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin. Patients in KROG 11-02 received radiation of 33 Gy in 10 fractions for 2 weeks with oral capecitabine. @*Results@#A total of 150 patients consisting of 70 patients from KROG 10-01 and 80 patients from KROG 11-02 were collectively analyzed. With a median follow-up time of 89.2 months, the 5-year overall survival rate was 86.5% in 1-week CRT and 85.3% in 2-week CRT (p=0.841). The 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 83.5% in 1-week CRT and 77.1% in 2-week CRT (p=0.448). One patient (1.4%) in 1-week CRT and 11 patients (13.8%) in 2-week CRT exhibited pathologic complete regression (ypT0N0M0) after radiotherapy (p=0.006). One-week CRT had significantly higher acute hematologic (12.8% vs. 3.8%, p=0.040) and nonhematologic (38.6% vs. 16.3%, p=0.002) toxicity than 2-week CRT. @*Conclusion@#Both 1- and 2-week schedules of CRT showed favorable survival outcomes after 7 years of follow-up. But, 2-week course achieved more increased tumor response and decreased acute toxicity than 1-week course.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 707-719, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999775

ABSTRACT

Introduction of the concept for oligometastasis led to wide application of metastasis-directed local ablative therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). By application of the metastasis-directed local ablative therapies including surgical resection, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR), the survival outcomes of patients with metastatic CRC have improved. The liver is the most common distant metastatic site in CRC patients, and recently various metastasis-directed local therapies for hepatic oligometastasis from CRC (HOCRC) are widely used. Surgical resection is the first line of metastatic-directed local therapy for HOCRC, but its eligibility is very limited. Alternatively, RFA can be applied to patients who are ineligible for surgical resection of liver metastasis. However, there are some limitations such as inferior local control (LC) compared with surgical resection and technical feasibility based on location, size, and visibility on ultrasonography of the liver metastasis. Recent advances in radiation therapy technology have led to an increase in the use of SABR for liver tumors. SABR is considered complementary to RFA for patients with HOCRC who are ineligible for RFA. Furthermore, SABR can potentially result in better LC for liver metastases > 2-3 cm compared with RFA. In this article, the previous studies regarding curative metastasis-directed local therapies for HOCRC based on the radiation oncologist’s and surgeon’s perspective are reviewed and discussed. In addition, future perspectives regarding SABR in the treatment of HOCRC are suggested.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 570-579, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976696

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Quality assessment of breast cancer treatment in South Korea showed the upward standardization of the grade since 2013, but treatment disparities still have existed. This study analyzed the five year trend between 2013 and 2017 in the assessment of breast cancer treatment practice using the Korean health insurance data. @*Materials and Methods@#All the medical records including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy for 7,354 patients a year on average were evaluated. Twenty indices were consisted of one structural, 17 process-related, and 2 result-related factors. We calculated the coefficient of variation (CV) annually to determine the variation in adherence rate of evaluation indices according to the type of institution (advanced vs. general hospital vs. clinic). @*Results@#Based on the initial assessment in 2013, 10 out of 20 indicators showed significant variation among the types of institutions with a CV of less than 0.1%. Six of them had a CV decline of less than 0.1%. The CV was still 0.1% or higher in the four indicators, including the composition of professional staff, the implementation of target therapy, the average length of hospital stay, and the hospitalization cost. Regarding the first-grade of assessment, there was a statistically significant relationship between the institution type (p=0.029) and region (metropolitan vs. province, p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#There were disparities in the structural and systemic treatment factors depending on the institutional type. The quality improvement of the regional institutions and multidisciplinary experts for breast cancer is necessary.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e233-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938015

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization declared coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) a global pandemic in March 2020. Several vaccines have been developed to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic, and messenger RNA vaccines, commonly known as mRNA vaccines, were the first COVID-19 vaccines to be authorized in Korea. With the worldwide increase in vaccinations, reports of adverse reactions are increasing. However, to the best of our knowledge, there have been no reports of eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) following mRNA vaccination. Here, we present the first case of EGE in a patient who received a second dose of the mRNA vaccine, BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech). A previously healthy 34-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with generalized abdominal pain for the preceding 2 weeks. She had received a second dose of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine 2 weeks prior. Subserosal EGE was diagnosed, oral prednisolone was administered, and she recovered completely.

7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 497-504, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925667

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the role of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) in patients with node-negative breast cancer of 5cm or larger tumors undergoing mastectomy @*Materials and Methods@#Medical records of 274 patients from 18 institutions treated with mastectomy between January 2000 and December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Among these, 202 patients underwent PMRT, while 72 did not. Two hundred and forty-one patients (88.0%) received systemic chemotherapy, and 172 (62.8%) received hormonal therapy. Patients receiving PMRT were younger, more likely to have progesterone receptor-positive tumors, and received adjuvant chemotherapy more frequently compared with those without PMRT (p <0.001, 0.018, and <0.001, respectively). Other characteristics were not significantly different between the two groups. @*Results@#With a median follow-up of 95 months (range, 1-249), there were 9 locoregional recurrences, and 20 distant metastases. The 8-year locoregional recurrence-free survival rates were 98.0% with PMRT and 91.3% without PMRT (p=0.133), and the 8-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 91.8% with PMRT and 73.9% without PMRT (p=0.008). On multivariate analysis incorporating age, histologic grade, lymphovascular invasion, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, and PMRT, the absence of lymphovascular invasion and the receipt of PMRT were associated with improved DFS (p=0.025 and 0.009, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Locoregional recurrence rate was very low in node-negative breast cancer of 5cm or larger tumors treated with mastectomy regardless of the receipt of PMRT. However, PMRT was significantly associated with improved DFS. Further investigation is needed to confirm these findings.

8.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 313-316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903580

ABSTRACT

A colonic pseudo-obstruction is a disorder that causes abdominal distension and abdominal pain similar to a mechanical obstruction, but there are no structural lesions that can obstruct the gastrointestinal tract. This condition can be acute or chronic. An acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, also called Ogilvie's syndrome, is believed to be a condition induced by other causes that are different from a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction. The pathogenesis involves abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system induced by systemic diseases or medications, and it often improves when the primary causes are treated. On the other hand, a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction can occur repeatedly without a particular cause. The authors encountered neuroleptic malignant syndrome that caused acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. This paper reports a case with a review of the relevant literature. This is the first case reported in Korea. This case shows that physicians should consider neuroleptic malignant syndrome as a cause of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction.

9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 487-496, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897442

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing in South Korea due to westernized eating habits and regular health check-ups. The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) has conducted a national quality assessment of the treatment of CRC. This study examined the quality assessment report of the Korean HIRA and analyzed the status of practice pattern and the epidemiology of CRC in South Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#The number of subjects was determined based on the number of surgical procedures in each institution during 2012-2017. The institution types were classified according to the number of beds and the composition of oncologic specialists. Twenty-one indicators for diagnosis, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, pathology, and mortality were analyzed and the interinstitutional variation for each indicator was calculated. @*Results@#Among 21 evaluation indices, indicators related to medical records, receipt of chemotherapy with a high coefficient of variation of ≥ 0.1% were improved over 6 years until the survey in 2017. In the analysis of indices affecting surgical mortality, the regional lymph node resection and examination rate (p=0.022) showed a negative correlation with surgical mortality. Hospitalization stay (p < 0.001) and hospitalization cost (p=0.002) were positively correlated with surgical mortality. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that the treatment quality and examination status for CRC in South Korea were appropriate for improving relevant medical records, receipt of chemotherapy, maintaining the quality of treatment, and mortality. These analyses could be the basis for developing an improved quality assessment program worldwide.

10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 313-316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895876

ABSTRACT

A colonic pseudo-obstruction is a disorder that causes abdominal distension and abdominal pain similar to a mechanical obstruction, but there are no structural lesions that can obstruct the gastrointestinal tract. This condition can be acute or chronic. An acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, also called Ogilvie's syndrome, is believed to be a condition induced by other causes that are different from a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction. The pathogenesis involves abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system induced by systemic diseases or medications, and it often improves when the primary causes are treated. On the other hand, a chronic colonic pseudo-obstruction can occur repeatedly without a particular cause. The authors encountered neuroleptic malignant syndrome that caused acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. This paper reports a case with a review of the relevant literature. This is the first case reported in Korea. This case shows that physicians should consider neuroleptic malignant syndrome as a cause of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction.

11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 487-496, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889738

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing in South Korea due to westernized eating habits and regular health check-ups. The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) has conducted a national quality assessment of the treatment of CRC. This study examined the quality assessment report of the Korean HIRA and analyzed the status of practice pattern and the epidemiology of CRC in South Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#The number of subjects was determined based on the number of surgical procedures in each institution during 2012-2017. The institution types were classified according to the number of beds and the composition of oncologic specialists. Twenty-one indicators for diagnosis, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery, pathology, and mortality were analyzed and the interinstitutional variation for each indicator was calculated. @*Results@#Among 21 evaluation indices, indicators related to medical records, receipt of chemotherapy with a high coefficient of variation of ≥ 0.1% were improved over 6 years until the survey in 2017. In the analysis of indices affecting surgical mortality, the regional lymph node resection and examination rate (p=0.022) showed a negative correlation with surgical mortality. Hospitalization stay (p < 0.001) and hospitalization cost (p=0.002) were positively correlated with surgical mortality. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that the treatment quality and examination status for CRC in South Korea were appropriate for improving relevant medical records, receipt of chemotherapy, maintaining the quality of treatment, and mortality. These analyses could be the basis for developing an improved quality assessment program worldwide.

12.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 320-327, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918945

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This multicenter study reviewed the clinical features and prognosis according to the primary site of involvement and the treatment modality in patients with B-cell primary intestinal lymphoma (PIL). @*Methods@#Among 125 consecutive patients diagnosed with PIL, 100 patients were analyzed. @*Results@#The median age was 59 years, and the male to female ratio was 1.86:1. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (66/100, 66.0%) was the most common histological subtype. The estimated 5-year survival rate (5-YSR) was 48.5%. The 5-YSR was similar regardless of the type of primary treatment (chemotherapy alone vs. surgery/chemotherapy, 50.7 vs. 45.3%, p=0.582). A comparison of the survival according to the primary site of involvement revealed a 5-YSR of 32.5% (p=0.027), 64.3% (reference), 46.5% (p=0.113), and 49.8% (p=0.024) for the small intestine, ileocecal region, large intestine, and multiple sites, respectively. Multivariate analysis, however, revealed a low hemoglobin level, advanced Ann Arbor stage, and aggressive histological type to be independent prognostic factors for shorter survival but not ileocecal region involvement. @*Conclusions@#The Ann Arbor stage, hemoglobin level, and histological type were independent prognostic factors for survival, while the primary site of involvement and treatment modality did not affect the prognosis in patients with B-cell PIL.

13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 291-302, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914810

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Adjuvant breast radiotherapy (RT) following breast-conserving surgery (BCS) has been reported to induce cardiac toxicity in breast cancer patients. We investigated the incidence and risk factors of major coronary events after breast RT using Korean nationwide Health Insurance Review and Assessment data. @*Methods@#Using data from a nationwide quality assessment of breast cancer treatment, we identified 3,251 patients who received breast RT after BCS in 2013. Data about major coronary events were additionally collected from national claims data. We defined major coronary events according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes I20-25. @*Results@#A total of 172 major coronary events (5.3%) occurred among 3,251 breast cancer patients. The 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year coronary event-free survival rates were 98.1%, 96.4% and 95.2%, respectively. Patients with underlying diabetes mellitus (88.6% vs. 95.7%, p < 0.001), high blood pressure (HBP) (89.4% vs. 96.3%, p < 0.001), and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (84.0% vs. 95.4%, p < 0.001) showed significantly worse 3-year coronary event-free survival rates than those without comorbidities. Multivariate analysis revealed that patient age (p < 0.001), HBP (p < 0.001), CVA (p = 0.025), adjuvant hormonal therapy (p = 0.034), and Herceptin therapy (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with major coronary events in breast cancer patients. @*Conclusion@#The incidence of major coronary events after breast RT may be higher in breastcancer patients with risk factors such as underlying HBP or CVA, or who were in receipt of adjuvant Herceptin therapy. Heart-sparing RT techniques or intensity-modulated RT should be considered for breast-cancer patients with risk factors for heart toxicity.

14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 246-250, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834097

ABSTRACT

Colonoscopy is a safe and extremely popular diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. The most common complications are bleeding and perforation. Hemoperitoneum is a rare complication after a colonoscopy and is usually associated with splenic injury or solid organ pathology. This is potentially serious and can be life threatening. With the increasing number of colonoscopies performed, there has also been an increasing trend in reports of rare complications, such as pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, appendicitis, small bowel perforation, septicemia, mesenteric tear, retroperitoneal abscess, and hemoperitoneum. This paper reports a unique case of hemoperitoneum after a recent colonoscopy without a splenic rupture or intra-abdominal abnormality, or external trauma. Most hemoperitoneum occurs within 48 hours after the inciting colonoscopy. In the present case, however, hemoperitoneum appeared 10 days after the colonoscopy. This case emphasizes that physicians should consider hemoperitoneum in a differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in patients after colonoscopy.

15.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 314-321, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834080

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the worldwide. Colonoscopy is the gold standard for screening and surveillance of CRC. Removing adenomas by colonoscopy has lowered the incidence and mortality of CRC. However, colonoscopy is imperfect for detection of colorectal neoplasia. After a colonoscopy that is negative for malignancy, CRC can be diagnosed. These are termed as post-colonoscopy CRC (PCCRC). The proportion of PCCRC, among all CRC was reported to be 1.8% to 9.0%. It occurred 2.4 times more in the right colon than in the left colon. The causes of PCCRC are missed lesions, incomplete resection, and new lesions. Among these causes, missed lesion and incomplete resection are procedural factors and preventable. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the quality of colonoscopy to minimize the occurrence of PCCRC.

16.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 279-285, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare the outcome of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for the postoperative treatment of biliary tract cancer.MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2008 to June 2016, 57 patients of biliary tract cancer treated with curative surgery followed by postoperative 3D-CRT (n = 27) or IMRT (n = 30) were retrospectively enrolled.RESULTS: Median follow-up time was 23.6 months (range, 5.2 to 97.6 months) for all patients and 38.4 months (range, 27.0 to 89.2 months) for survivors. Two-year recurrence-free survival is higher in IMRT arm than 3D-CRT arm with a marginal significance (25.9% vs. 47.4%; p = 0.088). Locoregional recurrence-free survival (64.3% vs. 81.7%; p = 0.122) and distant metastasis-free survival (40.3% vs. 55.8%; p = 0.234) at two years did not show any statistical difference between two radiation modalities. In the multivariate analysis, extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, poorly-differentiated histologic grade, and higher stage were significant poor prognostic factors for survival. Severe treatment-related toxicity was not significantly different between two arms.CONCLUSIONS: IMRT showed comparable results with 3D-CRT in terms of recurrence, and survival, and radiotherapy toxicity for the postoperative treatment of biliary tract cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biliary Tract , Cholangiocarcinoma , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survivors
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 291-294, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761564

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is a rare disease in adults. A demonstrable etiology is found in approximately 85% of all cases, and approximately 40% of them are caused by malignant tumors. A 65-year-old patient visited the outpatient department with mild abdominal pain without other symptoms. The initial laboratory test and simple X-ray showed normal findings. CT revealed intussusception in the ileocecal area. The initial colonoscopic biopsy revealed atypical cells. Follow up colonoscopy showed spontaneous reduction of the intussusception. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was suspected in the second colonoscopic biopsy. An elective operation was performed. This case reports a case of a spontaneous reduction of adult intussusception with a brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy , Colonoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Immunoproliferative Small Intestinal Disease , Intussusception , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Outpatients , Rare Diseases
18.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 96-102, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760332

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been proven. However, the nivolumab experience in Korean patients with mRCC is still poorly reported. We report initial experiences with the efficacy and safety of nivolumab in patients with mRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records for 25 patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy and were treated by nivolumab (2 mg/kg, every 2 weeks) at a single institution. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), and secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), safety profiles, and ORR in a programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression subgroup. RESULTS: The median age was 60 years and 16 patients (64%) were male. Objective responses were achieved in 8 patients (32.0%) (complete response, 1; partial response, 7). Median PFS was 3.0 months (95% confidence interval, 1.46–4.53). Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade were observed in 19 patients (76.0%) with 6 (24.0%) experiencing grade 3 to 4 treatment-related AEs. In subgroups by PD-L1 expression levels classified as 1% or greater and less than 1%, ORR was 50% and 0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the efficacy and safety of initial experiences with nivolumab in Korean patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy. Our results were comparable to recent clinical trials on nivolumab in mRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cell Death , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e1-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: There is no definitive guideline for the significance and cut-off value of squamous-cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) in cervical cancer. Thus, we analyzed the significance and optimal cut-off value of SCC-Ag for predicting tumor recurrence and patient survival in squamous-cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. METHODS: From January 2010 to October 2016, we enrolled 304 cervical cancer patients with squamous-cell carcinoma staging International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Ib–IVa and treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by intra-cavitary radiotherapy (ICR). The cut-off value of SCC-Ag level for tumor recurrence was calculated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed using Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the significance of SCC-Ag level. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of SCC-Ag level for predicting tumor recurrence was calculated and set at 4.0 ng/mL in the ROC curve. After a median follow-up period of 36.5 months, the 3-year RFS (56.6% vs. 80.2%, p < 0.001) and OS (72.1% vs. 86.8%, p=0.005) were significantly lower in SCC-Ag ≥4 ng/mL arm than in < 4 ng/mL arm. The 3-year locoregional recurrence (17.6% vs. 7.0%, p=0.012), distant metastasis (20.4% vs. 6.9%, p=0.002), and para-aortic recurrence (9.4% vs. 2.1%, p=0.012) rates were significantly higher in SCC-Ag ≥4 ng/mL arm than in SCC-Ag < 4 ng/mL arm. CONCLUSION: Pre-treatment SCC-Ag level higher than 4 ng/mL may be a useful predictor of tumor recurrence in patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of uterine cervix treated with definitive CRT and ICR.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Arm , Cervix Uteri , Chemoradiotherapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obstetrics , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , ROC Curve , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 12-23, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719723

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hospital case volume on clinical outcomes in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 1,073 patients with cT1-4N0-3M0 NPC were collected from a multi-institutional retrospective database (KROG 11-06). All patients received definitive radiotherapy (RT) either with three-dimensional-conformal RT (3D-CRT) (n=576) or intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) (n=497). The patients were divided into two groups treated at high volume institution (HVI) (n=750) and low volume institution (LVI) (n=323), defined as patient volume ≥ 10 (median, 13; range, 10 to 18) and < 10 patients per year (median, 3; range, 2 to 6), respectively. Endpoints were overall survival (OS) and loco-regional progression-free survival (LRPFS). RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 56.7 months, the outcomes were significantly better in those treated at HVI than at LVI. For the 614 patients of propensity score-matched cohort, 5-year OS and LRPFS were consistently higher in the HVI group than in the LVI group (OS: 78.4% vs. 62.7%, p < 0.001; LRPFS: 86.2% vs. 65.8%, p < 0.001, respectively). According to RT modality, significant difference in 5-year OS was observed in patients receiving 3D-CRT (78.7% for HVI vs. 58.9% for LVI, p < 0.001) and not in those receiving IMRT (77.3% for HVI vs. 75.5% for LVI, p=0.170). CONCLUSION: A significant relationship was observed between HVI and LVI for the clinical outcomes of patients with NPC. However, the difference in outcome becomes insignificant in the IMRT era, probably due to the standardization of practice by education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL