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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 558-565, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003248

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the use of active surgical co-management (SCM) by medical hospitalists for urology inpatient care. @*Materials and Methods@#Since March 2019, a hospitalist-SCM program was implemented at a tertiary-care medical center, and a retrospective cohort study was conducted among co-managed urology inpatients. We assessed the clinical outcomes of urology inpatients who received SCM and compared passive SCM (co-management of patients by hospitalists only on request; March 2019 to June 2020) with active SCM (co-management of patients based on active screening by hospitalists; July 2020 to October 2021). We also evaluated the perceptions of patients who received SCM toward inpatient care quality, safety, and subjective satisfaction with inpatient care at discharge or when transferred to other wards. @*Results@#We assessed 525 patients. Compared with the passive SCM group (n=205), patients in the active SCM group (n=320) required co-management for a significantly shorter duration (p=0.012) and tended to have a shorter length of stay at the urology ward (p=0.062) and less frequent unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge (p=0.095) while triggering significantly fewer events of rapid response team activation (p=0.002). No differences were found in the proportion of patients transferred to the intensive care unit, in-hospital mortality rates, or inpatient care questionnaire scores. @*Conclusion@#Active surveillance and co-management of urology inpatients by medical hospitalists can improve the quality and efficacy of inpatient care without compromising subjective inpatient satisfaction.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1337-1345, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999822

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Outcome analysis of urachal cancer (UraC) is limited due to the scarcity of cases and different staging methods compared to urothelial bladder cancer (UroBC). We attempted to assess survival outcomes of UraC and compare to UroBC after stage-matched analyses. @*Materials and Methods@#Total 203 UraC patients from a multicenter database and 373 UroBC patients in single institution from 2000 to 2018 were enrolled (median follow-up, 32 months). Sheldon stage conversion to corresponding TNM staging for UraC was conducted for head-to-head comparison to UroBC. Perioperative clinical variables and pathological results were recorded. Stage-matched analyses for survival by stage were conducted. @*Results@#UraC patients were younger (mean age, 54 vs. 67 years; p < 0.001), with 163 patients (80.3%) receiving partial cystectomy and 23 patients (11.3%) radical cystectomy. UraC was more likely to harbor ≥ pT3a tumors (78.8% vs. 41.8%). While 5-year recurrence-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival were comparable between two groups (63.4%, 67%, and 62.1% in UraC and 61.5%, 75.9%, and 67.8% in UroBC, respectively), generally favorable prognosis for UraC in lower stages (pT1-2) but unfavorable outcomes in higher stages (pT4) compared to UroBC was observed, although only 5-year CSS in ≥ pT4 showed statistical significance (p=0.028). Body mass index (hazard ratio [HR], 0.929), diabetes mellitus (HR, 1.921), pathologic T category (HR, 3.846), and lymphovascular invasion (HR, 1.993) were predictors of CSS for all patients. @*Conclusion@#Despite differing histology, UraC has comparable prognosis to UroBC with relatively favorable outcome in low stages but worse prognosis in higher stages. The presented system may be useful for future grading and risk stratification of UraC.

3.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 261-270, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918261

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare perioperative outcomes according to surgical methods among bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) with neobladder urinary diversion. @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2007 and January 2020, 89 bladder cancer patients who received RC with neobladder urinary diversion were enrolled in this study. Patients were stratified into surgical methods – (1) open RC with neobladder (ONB) reconstruction, (2) robotassisted RC (RARC) with extracorporeal neobladder (ECNB) reconstruction, and (3) RARC with intracorporeal neobladder (ICNB) reconstruction. Perioperative outcomes were compared among the 3 groups, with major complications defined according to Clavien-Dindo grades III–V within 90 days. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify significant factors for postoperative complications. @*Results@#Of 89 patients, 28 (31%) had ONB, 31 (35%) had ECNB, and 30 (34%) had ICNB. The median operative time was 471 minutes, and the ICNB group (424.5 minutes) was significantly less than ONB (444.5 minutes) and ECNB groups (542.9 minutes) (p=0.001). Transfusion rate was also significantly less in the ICNB group (13%) (p=0.001). Complications were recorded in 67 patients (75%) and major complications in 22 of all patients (25%). The major complication rate was significantly less in ICNB (13.4%) than in ONB (25%) and ECNB (35%) (p=0.003). Multivariate analysis showed surgical methods (ICNB) (odds ratio [OR], 0.709; p=0.003) and age (OR, 1.150; p=0.001) were significant factors related to occurrence of major postoperative complications. @*Conclusions@#RARC with ICNB reduces postoperative complications compared to ONB and ECNB.

4.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 201-208, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902520

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the impact of preoperative underlying hypertension (HTN) and body mass index (BMI) on oncologic outcomes in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNUx). @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2003 to December 2018, 453 UTUC patients who underwent RNUx at a single institution were enrolled in the study. All patients were divided into 2 groups according to preoperative HTN and BMI (cutoff 24 kg/m2) and perioperative parameters and recurrence outcomes were compared. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis was performed to identify the significance of HTN and BMI regarding UTUC recurrence. @*Results@#Among a total 453 UTUC patients, 233 (51.4%) had HTN, and 222 (49.0%) had BMI ≥24 kg/m2. The HTN versus no-HTN group had similar perioperative outcomes, except for the rate of diabetes (p<0.001). The high-BMI versus low-BMI group had similar outcomes, except for the prevalence of HTN (p=0.026). During median follow-up of 23 months, 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 76.2% in the HTN group and 79.9% in the non-HTN group (p=0.002), and 77.3% in the low-BMI group and 79.0% in the high-BMI group (p=0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that BMI (hazard ratio [HR], 0.740; p=0.046), and HTN (HR, 1.687; p=0.005) were significant predictors of cancer recurrence. @*Conclusions@#Among UTUC patients who underwent RNUx, patients with HTN and low-BMI showed worse prognosis regarding cancer recurrence. To validate our results, the mechanisms of association between HTN, BMI, and UTUC should be investigated in further prospective studies.

5.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 201-208, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894816

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the impact of preoperative underlying hypertension (HTN) and body mass index (BMI) on oncologic outcomes in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNUx). @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2003 to December 2018, 453 UTUC patients who underwent RNUx at a single institution were enrolled in the study. All patients were divided into 2 groups according to preoperative HTN and BMI (cutoff 24 kg/m2) and perioperative parameters and recurrence outcomes were compared. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis was performed to identify the significance of HTN and BMI regarding UTUC recurrence. @*Results@#Among a total 453 UTUC patients, 233 (51.4%) had HTN, and 222 (49.0%) had BMI ≥24 kg/m2. The HTN versus no-HTN group had similar perioperative outcomes, except for the rate of diabetes (p<0.001). The high-BMI versus low-BMI group had similar outcomes, except for the prevalence of HTN (p=0.026). During median follow-up of 23 months, 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 76.2% in the HTN group and 79.9% in the non-HTN group (p=0.002), and 77.3% in the low-BMI group and 79.0% in the high-BMI group (p=0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that BMI (hazard ratio [HR], 0.740; p=0.046), and HTN (HR, 1.687; p=0.005) were significant predictors of cancer recurrence. @*Conclusions@#Among UTUC patients who underwent RNUx, patients with HTN and low-BMI showed worse prognosis regarding cancer recurrence. To validate our results, the mechanisms of association between HTN, BMI, and UTUC should be investigated in further prospective studies.

6.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 40-46, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836774

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To assess awareness of prostate cancer and prostate cancer screening in high risk Korean men 40 years and older. @*Materials and Methods@#The Korean Urological Oncology Society implemented an online survey of 600 men aged 40 years or older from July 30 to August 6, 2019 to ask questions about prostate cancer and screening. @*Results@#Of the 600 respondents, 96.5% (579 of 600) were aware of prostate cancer and 49.8% (299 of 600) thought they were at risk. Men in their 60s, men with a family history and men with urological conditions were more concerned about prostate cancer. Most respondents (83.3%, 500 of 600) had never received prostate cancer screening. When asked why they had not, (multiple choices: first, second and third priority), the most common responses were: “They had no symptoms of prostate cancer”; “They were in good health”; “Cost burden of screening”; and “They thought screening was included in the National Health Examination Program.” Only 9.7% (58 of 600) were aware of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). After being informed about PSA, 97.7% (586 of 600) wanted it to be included in national cancer screening. @*Conclusions@#In this survey, 96.5% of respondents were aware of prostate cancer, and 44.2% recognized the need for early screening. However, only 16.7% had received screening. Awareness of prostate cancer risks tended to be high in elderly people, people with a family history and people with urological conditions. The results also indicate that there is support for national-level management and early screening programs for prostate cancer. (Korean J Urol Oncol 2020;18:40-46)

7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 486-492, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009702

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop and validate a clinical nomogram predicting bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) solely using routine clinical parameters in men with refractory nonneurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A total of 750 eligible patients ≥50 years of age who had previously not responded (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] improvement <4 points) to at least three different kinds of LUTS medications (including a-blocker) for the last 6 months were evaluated as subcohorts for nomogram development (n = 570) and for split-sample validation (n = 180). BOO was defined as Abrams-Griffiths number ≥40, or 20-39.9 with a slope of linear passive urethral resistance ratio >2 cmH2O ml-1 s-1. A stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the predictors of BOO, and b-coefficients of the final model were selected to create a clinical nomogram. The final multivariable logistic regression model showed that age, IPSS, maximum urinary flow rate, postvoid residual volume, total prostate volume, and transitional zone index were significant for predicting BOO; these candidates were used to develop the final nomogram. The discrimination performance of the nomogram was 88.3% (95% CI: 82.7%-93.0%, P < 0.001), and the nomogram was reasonably well-fitted to the ideal line of the calibration plot. Independent split-sample validation revealed 80.9% (95% CI: 75.5%-84.4%, P < 0.001) accuracy. The proposed BOO nomogram based solely on routine clinical parameters was accurate and validated properly. This nomogram may be useful in determining further treatment, primarily focused on prostatic surgery for BOO, without impeding the detection of possible BOO in men with LUTS that is refractory to empirical medications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology , Nomograms , Prostate/pathology , ROC Curve , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/physiopathology , Urodynamics
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 86-91, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009649

ABSTRACT

We evaluated whether the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) mass or free PSA (fPSA) mass (i.e., absolute amount of total circulating PSA or fPSA protein, respectively), versus serum PSA or fPSA concentration, improves the accuracy of predicting the total prostate volume (TPV) in relation to obesity. Among men whose multicore (≥12) transrectal prostate biopsy was negative, 586 who had a PSA of ≤10 ng ml-1 and underwent the fPSA test prior to biopsy were enrolled. The PSA mass or fPSA mass (μ g) was calculated by multiplying the serum level by plasma volume. At each TPV cut-off point (30 ml, 40 ml, and 50 ml), the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUCs) of each variable were compared in obesity-based subgroups. AUCs of fPSA and fPSA mass for predicting TPV were significantly larger than those for PSA and PSA mass by 8.7%-12.1% at all cut-off points. Subgroup analyses based on obesity showed that, although PSA mass and fPSA mass enhanced accuracy by 4% (P = 0.031) and 1.8% (P = 0.003), respectively, for determining TPVs of ≥30 ml and ≥50 ml in obese and overweight men, they did not improve the accuracy in most other combinations of the degrees of obesity with TPV cut-off points. Thus, compared with serum PSA or fPSA, the absolute amount of PSA or fPSA protein mass improved the accuracy of predicting TPV in obese men very minimally and only for certain TPV cut-off points. Hence, these indicators may not provide clinically meaningful improvement in predicting TPV in obese men.

9.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 152-157, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90009

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We tried to investigate the clinical impact of Ki-67 (MIB-1) expression on the oncological and survival outcomes in patients with bladder cancer (BCa) after the radical cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 230 patients who were treated by radical cystectomy for BCa. Multivariate Cox-proportional hazards models and logistic regression tests were performed to evaluate the prognostic value of each variable. RESULTS: The patients with positive Ki-67 expression showed significant worse clinical characteristics and pathologic outcomes than negative Ki-67 group. Furthermore, the patients with Ki-67 expression showed significant worse recurrence (p=0.018) and cancer-specific mortality free survival (p=0.019) than negative Ki-67 group. The overall survival was also revealed to be inferior in Ki-67 positive group than Ki-67 negative group but the statistical significance was marginal (p=0.062). Subsequent multivariate Cox analyses showed that Ki-67 was independent predictor for disease recurrence after surgery (hazard ratio, 3.142; 95% CI, 1.287–7.671; p=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, high Ki-67 expression was significantly related with worse clinical outcomes after radical cystectomy in the patients with BCa. Further prospective and basic researches are needed to validate the true prognostic value of Ki-67.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystectomy , Logistic Models , Mortality , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
10.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 165-171, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90007

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical (PADUA) classification is useful to predict perioperative complications and warm ischemia time. However, it remains uncertain whether PADUA classification can predict intraoperative conversion from partial nephrectomy (PN) to radical nephrectomy (RN). We evaluate whether PADUA classification parameters can predict conversion to RN during PN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed data of 593 patients who underwent open PN and robotic PN for renal tumors by a single surgeon at a single tertiary center between December 2003 and September 2017. Intraoperative conversion to RN was performed in 17 of 593 patients who initially underwent PN. We evaluated the factors influencing the surgical modalities including PN and radical conversion cases. Then, the factors significantly associated with conversion to RN were further analyzed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in age, longitudinal location, exophytic rate, and rim or face locations of renal masses. Renal sinus involvement, urinary collecting system involvement, and renal mass size were variables that predicted radical conversion, using univariate analysis. Renal sinus involvement (odds ratio [OR], 9.075; p=0.049) and urinary collecting system involvement (OR, 3.944; p=0.029) were independent predictors of intraoperative radical conversion, using multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The PADUA classification is a useful tool to predict intraoperative conversion from PN to RN. Renal sinus involvement and urinary collecting system involvement are the best predictors of intraoperative conversion from PN to RN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Classification , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Multivariate Analysis , Nephrectomy , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Warm Ischemia
11.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 159-164, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25168

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the positive surgical margin (PSM) as a predictive factor of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients after radical prostatectomy (RP) according to each pathological stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 3,037 patients receiving RP were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were divided into 6 groups depending on pathological stage and presence of PSM. Cox proportional hazard analyses were performed to show the significance of PSM in all patients and in subgroup patients (T2, T3a, and T3b). The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed BCR-free survival rate of each group. RESULTS: Among total 3.307 patients, the mean age was 65.89 years and PSM rate was 18.7%. During the 47.1 months, 550 patients had experienced BCR (26.2%). According to groups, prostate-specific antigen, Gleason score, and BCR were significantly different. Ten-year BCR-free survival rate was 87.1% (T2R0), 65.9% (T2R1), 60.1% (T3aR0), 43.0% (T3aR1), 20.8% (T3bR0), and 5.8% (T3bR1). Each group had statistical differences with BCR-free survival except T2R1 and T3aR0 (p=0.090). PSM was significant in multivariate Cox analyses in total patients (hazard ratio, 2.091; 95% confidence interval, 1.724–2.536; p<0.001) and in all subgroup with each stages. CONCLUSIONS: PSM is a significant predictor to BCR after RP in all PCa patients and in each stage. T2R1 PCa had a similar BCR-free survival rate to T3R0 patients during long-term follow-up, therefore careful management to T2R1 PCa as T3 should be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
12.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 165-171, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25167

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the percentage of pathologic tumor volume (pTPV) among patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 3,080 patients who underwent RP between September 2003 and March 2015 and with a postoperative follow-up for more than 1 year. The patient population was stratified into 4 disease risk groups according to tumor stage and pTPV (T2 low volume [T2LV], T2 high volume [T2HV], T3 low volume [T3LV], and T3 high volume [T3HV]). Probability of biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival was determined using Kaplan-Meier curves. pTPV was evaluated by Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis for predicting BCR. Subgroup analyses were performed according to preoperative risk. RESULTS: The median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 7.87 ng/mL, and pTPV was 10%. Among a total of 2,964 patients, T2LV had 1,473 (49.7%), T2HV was 598 (20.2%), T3LV with 199 (6.7%), and T3HV was 694 (23.4%). When comparing T2HV and T3LV, Gleason score and positive surgical margin rate was higher in T3LV. During a 50-month follow-up, BCR-free survival rate was higher in the T2HV group (p<0.001). pTPV was a significant factor to predict BCR in multivariate Cox analysis. In subgroup analyses, T2HV group had similar BCR-free survival rates to T3LV group in the preoperative high risk group while pTPV was significant in the high risk group. CONCLUSIONS: pTPV was a significant predictor of BCR among prostate cancer patients after RP, however T2HV had favorable BCR results. Among patients with a preoperative high PSA and Gleason score, T2HV had similar BCR results to T3LV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Classification , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Tumor Burden
13.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 118-123, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215746

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of robotic adrenalectomy with conventional laparoscopic adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 63 patients who underwent robotic or laparoscopic adrenalectomy between March 2005 and April 2016, with all operations performed using a transperitoneal approach. Outcomes were compared in the 29 patients who underwent robotic adrenalectomy and the 34 who underwent conventional laparoscopic adrenalectomy. RESULTS: Mean age (53.1±12.2 years vs. 51.4±15.1 years, p=0.631) and body mass index (25.9±3.8 kg/m2 vs. 25.2±3.5 kg/m2, p=0.461) were similar in the robotic and laparoscopic groups. A significant percentage of patients in the robotic group had undergone prior abdominal surgery (38% vs. 12%, p=0.015). Mean tumor sizes (3.0±1.5 cm vs. 3.7±2.7 cm, p=0.134) and the percentage of incidentalomas (75.9% vs. 73.5%, p=0.354) were similar in the robotic and laparoscopic groups. There were no statistical significance between-group differences in tumor size, operative time, estimated blood loss, perioperative hemoglobin change, length of hospital stay, and complication rates. Pathologic diagnosis showed that pheochromocytoma (21% vs. 3%) and metastatic tumor (24% vs. 6%) were more frequent in the robotic than in the laparoscopic group (p=0.019). Subgroup analysis of patients with low tumor volume (≤6.8 cm3) showed that operation time was significantly shorter in the robotic than in the laparoscopic group (p=0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Robotic adrenalectomy is feasible, with outcomes comparable to those of laparoscopic adrenalectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Glands , Adrenalectomy , Body Mass Index , Diagnosis , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Pheochromocytoma , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden
14.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 637-643, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47849

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the difference in rectal complications rate following prostate low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy based on prostate-rectum distance and prostate longitudinal length among early prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2008 to February 2013, 245 prostate cancer patients with a Gleason score or =6 months were evaluated for radiation proctitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for a prebrachytherapy evaluation, and prostate-rectum distance and prostate longitudinal length were measured. The radiation proctitis was confirmed and graded via colonoscopy based on the radiation therapy oncology group (RTOG) toxicity criteria. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients received a colonoscopy for proctitis evaluation, and 12 were identified as grade 1 on the RTOG scale. Nine patients were diagnosed as grade 2 and 2 patients were grade 3. No patient developed grade 4 proctitis. The rectal-complication group had a mean prostate-rectum distance of 2.51+/-0.16 mm, while non-rectal-complication control group had 3.32+/-0.31 mm. The grade 1 proctitis patients had a mean prostate-rectum distance of 2.80+/-0.15 mm, which was significantly longer than 2.12+/-0.31 mm of grades 2 and 3 patient groups (p=0.045). All 11 patients of grades 2 and 3 had a prostate longitudinal length of 35.22+/-2.50 mm, which was longer than group 1, but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.214). CONCLUSIONS: As the prostate-rectum distance increased, fewer postimplantation rectal symptoms were observed. Patients with a shorter prostate-rectum distance in MRI should receive modified implantation techniques or radical prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brachytherapy/adverse effects , Carcinoma/radiotherapy , Colonoscopy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Organ Size , Proctitis/diagnosis , Prostate/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Injuries/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index
15.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 109-116, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217669

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Genetic variations among prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) and pelvic lymph node dissection were evaluated to predict lymph node invasion (LNI). Exome arrays were used to develop a clinicogenetic model that combined clinical data related to PCa and individual genetic variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped 242,186 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by using a custom HumanExome BeadChip v1.0 (Illumina Inc.) from the blood DNA of 341 patients with PCa. The genetic data were analyzed to calculate an odds ratio as an estimate of the relative risk of LNI. We compared the accuracies of the multivariate logistic model incorporating clinical factors between the included and excluded selected SNPs. The Cox proportional hazard models with or without genetic factors for predicting biochemical recurrence (BCR) were analyzed. RESULTS: The genetic analysis indicated that five SNPs (rs75444444, rs8055236, rs2301277, rs9300039, and rs6908581) were significant for predicting LNI in patients with PCa. When a multivariate model incorporating clinical factors was devised to predict LNI, the predictive accuracy of the multivariate model was 80.7%. By adding genetic factors in the aforementioned multivariate model, the predictive accuracy increased to 93.2% (p=0.006). These genetic variations were significant factors for predicting BCR after adjustment for other variables and after adding the predictive gain to BCR. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the exome array, the selected SNPs were predictors for LNI. The addition of individualized genetic information effectively enhanced the predictive accuracy of LNI and BCR among patients with PCa who underwent RP.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Biopsy , DNA, Neoplasm/genetics , Exome , Gene Frequency , Genome , Genotype , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Models, Genetic , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1207-1213, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of low dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy-based multimodal therapy in high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) and analyze its optimal indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 50 high-risk PCa patients [clinical stage > or =T2c, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >20 ng/mL, or biopsy Gleason score > or =8] who had undergone 125I LDR brachytherapy since April 2007. We excluded those with a follow-up period or =9 and Gleason score or =9 (p or =9 was observed to be significantly associated with BCR (p=0.021). Acute and late grade > or =3 toxicities were observed in 20% (10/50) and 36% (18/50) patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that 125I LDR brachytherapy-based multimodal therapy in high-risk PCa produced encouraging relatively long-term results among the Asian population, especially in patients with Gleason score or =9 was a significant predictor of BCR among high risk PCa patients after brachytherapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Radiation Dosage , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 111-116, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38554

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated clinical characteristics, sperm retrieval rates, and birth rates in a relatively large number of infertile patients with Y chromosome microdeletions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data from 213 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) and 76 patients with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OATS) who were tested for Y chromosome microdeletion from March 2004 to June 2011. RESULTS: Of the 289 patients, 110 patients presented with Y chromosome microdeletion and 179 patients presented with no microdeletion. Among the patients with Y chromosome microdeletions, 83/110 (75.4%) were NOA patients and 27/110 (24.5%) were OATS patients. After subdividing the patients with Y chromosome microdeletion, 29 had azoospermia factor (AZF)b-c microdeletion and 81 had AZFc microdeletion. The sperm retrieval rate was similar between patients with Y chromosome microdeletion and those with no microdeletion (26.6% vs. 25.6%, p=0.298) after multiple testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Excluding 53 patients who did not undergo TESE, 30 patients were analyzed. All of the 9 men with AZFb-c microdeletion had a complete absence of sperm despite multiple TESE. However, multiple TESE was successful for 9 of 21 patients with only AZFc microdeletion (p=0.041). Twenty patients with Y chromosome microdeletion gave birth. CONCLUSIONS: In NOA and OATS patients, no significant difference in the sperm retrieval rate was shown between patients with Y chromosome microdeletion and those with no microdeletion. Patients with short Y chromosome microdeletion such as AZFc microdeletion have better prognoses for sperm retrieval and an increased chance of conception than do patients with larger microdeletions such as AZFb-c microdeletion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Avena , Azoospermia , Birth Rate , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Fertilization , Infertility, Male , Parturition , Prognosis , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Retrospective Studies , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Disorders of Sex Development , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatozoa , Y Chromosome
18.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 342-348, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56899

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence and clinical features of detrusor underactivity (DU) in elderly men and women presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 1,179 patients aged over 65 years who had undergone a urodynamic study for LUTS with no neurological or anatomical conditions. DU was defined as a bladder contractility index <100 and a maximal flow rate (Qmax) < or =12 ml/s combined with a detrusor pressure at Qmax < or =10 cmH2O for men and women, respectively. RESULTS: Of the patients, 40.2% of men and 13.3% of women were classified as having DU (p<0.001). Types of clinical symptoms were not significantly different between patients with and without DU. In men, whereas the prevalence of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) was constant across the age spectrum, the prevalence of DU and detrusor overactivity (DO) increased with age, and 46.5% of men with DU also had DO or BOO. In women, the prevalence of DU also increased with age, and the trend was more remarkable in women aged over 70 years. DU was accompanied by DO or urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (USUI) in 72.6% of the women with DU. Women with DU were found to have lower cystometric capacity and exhibited a greater incidence of reduced compliance than did women without DU. CONCLUSIONS: DU was a common mechanism underlying LUTS in the elderly population, especially in men. One half of the men and three quarters of the women with DU also had other pathologies such as DO, BOO, or USUI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Compliance , Incidence , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Prevalence , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Urinary Incontinence , Urinary Tract , Urination Disorders , Urodynamics
19.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 569-572, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64041

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of immediate primary repair (IPR) compared with delayed repair (DR) after initial suprapubic cystostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 60 patients with bulbous urethral disruption after blunt trauma from February 2001 to March 2011. Seventeen patients who presented in an acute injury state underwent IPR; 43 patients underwent DR after the initial suprapubic cystostomy. None of the patients had undergone previous urethral manipulation. We compared the outcomes, including stricture, impotence, and incontinence, between the two management approaches. We also measured the time to spontaneous voiding, the duration of suprapubic diversion, and the number of days spent in the hospital. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 20.5 months (range, 13 to 59 months; mean, 23.3 months). Among 17 patients in the IPR group, strictures developed in 2 patients (11.7%), and among 53 patients in the DR group, strictures developed in 8 patients (18.6%, p=0.709). The incidences of impotence and incontinence were similar in both groups (17.6% and 0% in the IPR group vs. 27.9% and 4.6% in the DR group, p=0.520 and 1.000, respectively). The time to spontaneous voiding and the duration of suprapubic diversion were significantly shorter in the IPR group (average 27.3 and 33.4 days, respectively) than in the DR group (average 191.6 and 198.1 days, respectively; p<0.001 and <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: IPR may provide comparable outcomes to DR and allow for shorter times to spontaneous voiding and reduce the duration of suprapubic diversion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Constriction, Pathologic , Cystostomy , Erectile Dysfunction , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Urethra , Urethral Stricture , Urologic Surgical Procedures
20.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 761-765, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133389

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and the prognosis of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in patients who received docetaxel treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 55 patients who were diagnosed with CRPC and received docetaxel treatment between 2003 and 2009 at our institution. Patients with a normal or lower BMI ( or =23.0 kg/m2) were categorized as group II. Clinicopathological features and survival rates were evaluated by using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: On the basis of BMI, 27 patients (49.1%) belonged to group I and 28 (50.9%) patients belonged to group II. Mean follow-up periods were 30 months and 34.2 months, respectively (p=0.381). There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), Gleason score, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status, hemoglobin level, alkaline phosphatase level, distant metastasis, radiation treatments, or performance of radical prostatectomy (p>0.05). In the univariate analysis for predicting survival rates, BMI (p=0.005; hazard ratio [HR], 0.121), logPSA (p=0.044; HR, 2.878), and alkaline phosphatase level (p=0.039; HR, 8.582) were significant factors for prediction. In the multivariate analysis, BMI (p=0.005; HR, 0.55), logPSA (p=0.008; HR, 7.836), Gleason score (p=0.018; HR, 6.434), hemoglobin (p=0.006; HR, 0.096), alkaline phosphatase level (p=0.005; HR, 114.1), and metastasis to the internal organs (p=0.028; HR, 5.195) were significant factors for prediction. CONCLUSIONS: Better effects on the cancer-specific survival rate were observed in cases with higher BMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Body Mass Index , Follow-Up Studies , Hemoglobins , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Metastasis , Obesity , Overweight , Prognosis , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Taxoids
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