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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874544

ABSTRACT

Background@#Several cancers show increased levels of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), which are associated with cancer progression. However, it remains unclear whether LDHA levels are associated with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) aggressiveness or with the presence of the PTC prognostic marker, the BRAFV600E mutation. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of LDHA as a PTC prognostic marker. @*Methods@#LDHA expression was examined in 83 PTC tissue specimens by immunohistochemistry. Human thyroid cell lines were genetically manipulated to overexpress BRAFV600E or were treated with a BRAF-specific short hairpin RNA (shBRAF), whose effects on LDHA expression were evaluated by Western blotting. Data from 465 PTC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and analyzed to validate the in vitro results. @*Results@#LDHA was aberrantly overexpressed in PTC. Intense immunostaining for LDHA was observed in PTC specimens carrying mutated BRAF, whereas the intensity was less in wild-type BRAF samples. Overexpression of BRAFV600E resulted in LDHA upregulation, whereas treatment with shBRAF downregulated LDHA in human thyroid cell lines. Furthermore, LDHA mRNA expression was significantly elevated and associated with BRAFV600E expression in thyroid cancer tissues from TCGA database. Additionally, LDHA overexpression was found to be correlated with aggressive clinical features of PTC, such as lymph node metastases and advanced tumor stages. @*Conclusion@#LDHA overexpression is associated with the BRAFV600E mutation and an aggressive PTC behavior. Therefore, LDHA may serve as a biomarker and therapeutic target in PTC.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830540

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Paragangliomas (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors derived from chromaffin cells of the autonomic nervous system. We aim to describe our experience and the long-term outcome of abdominal PGL over the last decade. @*Methods@#A retrospective review of patients diagnosed with PGL in our hospital between November 2005 and June 2017 was conducted. All nonabdominal PGL were excluded and the clinicopathological features and long-term outcomes of the patients were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 46 patients were diagnosed with abdominal PGL. The average age of diagnosis was 55.4 years and there was no sex predilection. The average tumor size was 5.85 cm and they were predominantly located in the infrarenal position (50%). The mean follow-up period was 42 months (range, 1.8–252 months). All patients with metastases had Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal Gland Scaled Score (PASS) of ≥4. One patient presented with synchronous metastases while 2 developed local recurrence and distant metastases. One presented with only local recurrence. One patient died 5 years after diagnosis. @*Conclusion@#Abdominal PGL is a rare tumor with excellent long-term prognosis. Recurrence although uncommon, can occur decades after initial diagnosis. Long-term follow-up is therefore recommended for all patients with PGL, especially in patients with PASS of ≥4.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739590

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (PRA) has been reported to have some advantages over laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy (LTA). The objectives of this study were to report our experience over 12 years with laparoscopic adrenalectomy for primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA) and to examine surgical outcomes of PRA compared with LTA in patients with PHA. METHODS: The medical records of 527 patients who underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomy, including LTA or PRA, from January 2006 until May 2017 were reviewed at Severance Hospital (Seoul, Korea). Clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes of 146 patients with PHA who underwent LTA (19 patients) or PRA (127 patients) were analyzed retrospectively by complete chart review. RESULTS: The overall rates of biochemical and clinical cure were 91.1% and 93.1%, respectively. The mean operation time of the PRA group was significantly shorter than that of the LTA group (72.3 ± 24.1 minutes vs. 115.7 ± 69.7 minutes, P = 0.015). The length of hospital stay in the PRA group was significantly shorter than in the LTA group (3.5 ± 1.3 days vs. 4.2 ± 1.6 days, P = 0.029), and the first meal after surgery came earlier in the PRA group (0.3 ± 0.5 days vs. 0.6 ± 0.5 days, P = 0.049). The number of pain-killers used was also significantly smaller in the PRA group (2.3 ± 2.1 vs. 4.3 ± 2.3, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: PRA offers an alternative or likely superior method for treatment of small adrenal diseases such as PHA, with improved surgical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adrenalectomy , Humans , Hyperaldosteronism , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Meals , Medical Records , Methods , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717841

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) dynamic risk stratification (DRS) has been verified to be more valuable than the static anatomical staging system for predicting prognosis in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical usefulness of DRS, which is based on the response to initial treatment, with that of ATA initial risk stratification in pediatric patients. METHODS: A total of 144 pediatric patients underwent thyroid operation from August 1982 to December 2013 at Yonsei University Hospital (Seoul, Korea). Among them, 128 patients with complete clinical data were enrolled in this study. Clinicopathologic features and surgical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed by medical chart review. The mean follow-up duration was 11.5 years. RESULTS: The mean tumor size was 2.1 cm; 80.4% of patients were diagnosed with conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma, and 7.0% of patients were diagnosed with follicular thyroid carcinoma. Low-risk patients had the highest probability of an excellent response to initial treatment (66.6%). High-risk patients had the highest probability of a structural incomplete response (100%) and the lowest probability of an excellent response (11.1%). The ATA risk stratification and the DRS system were independent risk factors for disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.041 and P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: The DRS system, which is based on the response to initial treatment, can offer more useful prognostic information compared with ATA risk stratification in pediatric patients with DTC.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Pediatrics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788003

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with both thyroid and breast cancer during their lifetime were analyzed to investigate the association between the two malignancies according to the order of incidence.METHODS: A total of 405 patients who underwent surgery for breast and thyroid cancer at Severance Hospital between 1995 and 2014 were retrospectively selected and classified into 3 groups according to the order of incidence of the two cancers: simultaneous cancer (S), thyroid cancer followed by breast cancer (TB), and breast cancer followed by thyroid cancer (BT). Univariate analysis was conducted to compare parameters.RESULTS: S, TB, and BT groups were 166 (41.0%), 96 (23.7%), and 143 (35.3%) patients, respectively. In TB and BT groups, tumor size and surgical site for secondary cancer were smaller; therefore, adjuvant treatments were less frequently required for secondary cancer. ER positive rate was 77.1% in S, 75% in TB, and 63.7% in BT groups (P=0.027). The ratio of ER negative was higher in the group with BRAF mutation. Survival rate for index tumor was higher in order from TB, and BT, followed by S groups without statistical difference.CONCLUSION: It is difficult to find a significant difference according to the order of occurrence except by screening test, and more studies are needed in the future. Establishing an appropriate screening program is important in order to detect secondary breast or thyroid cancer after surgery for thyroid or breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Humans , Incidence , Mass Screening , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226737

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With the increasing incidence of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), familial papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (FPTMC) is now recognized more frequently. However, the biological behavior of FPTMC is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of FPTMC and its biological aggressiveness. METHODS: Between March 2006 and July 2010, 2,414 patients underwent primary surgical therapy for PTMC and 149 (6.2%) were further classified as FPTMC. To determine the biological aggressiveness of FPTMC, we compared the clinicopathological features and prognosis between FPTMC and sporadic PTMC (SPTMC). RESULTS: The male-to-female ratio was higher in FPTMC than in sporadic papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (SPTMC: 1:4.5 vs. 1:7.2, P = 0.041). The central lymph node (LN) metastasis rate was significantly higher in FPTMC than in SPTMC (36.2% vs. 24.2%, P = 0.002). The local recurrence rate was also higher in FPTMC than in SPTMC (4.5% vs. 0.6%, P < 0.001). We identified familial occurrence in 6.2% of cases of PTMC. FPTMC is associated with a high rate of central LN metastasis and local recurrence. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that close follow-up can be beneficial in FPTMC patients to detect local recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aggression , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prevalence , Prognosis , Recurrence , Thyroid Gland
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139062

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP). We compared clinicopathological features; preoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphorus, vitamin D, 24-hour urine calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels; postoperative calcium and PTH levels; pathologic diagnosis; multiplicity; and results of a localization study between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the rates of development of postoperative persistent hyperparathyroidism (1/122 FP patients and 1/10 CP patients) between the 2 groups due to a technical reason (FP 0.8% vs. CP 10.0%, P = 0.146). Multiglandular disease (MGD) was uncommon in all cases (6 of 132, 4.5%). All MGD cases were diagnosed using a preoperative localization study. Sestamibi scan and ultrasonography sensitivity were 94.2% and 90.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that FP is appropriate in PHPT, except in cases of MGD if detected before the operation using preoperative imaging. Knowledge of hereditary PHPT and improved preoperative localization studies, such as high-resolution ultrasonography, contributed to the decision to perform FP rather than CP in all cases of unilateral results of the localizing study.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcium , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Phosphorus , Retrospective Studies , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139059

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP). We compared clinicopathological features; preoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphorus, vitamin D, 24-hour urine calcium, and alkaline phosphatase levels; postoperative calcium and PTH levels; pathologic diagnosis; multiplicity; and results of a localization study between the 2 groups. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the rates of development of postoperative persistent hyperparathyroidism (1/122 FP patients and 1/10 CP patients) between the 2 groups due to a technical reason (FP 0.8% vs. CP 10.0%, P = 0.146). Multiglandular disease (MGD) was uncommon in all cases (6 of 132, 4.5%). All MGD cases were diagnosed using a preoperative localization study. Sestamibi scan and ultrasonography sensitivity were 94.2% and 90.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that FP is appropriate in PHPT, except in cases of MGD if detected before the operation using preoperative imaging. Knowledge of hereditary PHPT and improved preoperative localization studies, such as high-resolution ultrasonography, contributed to the decision to perform FP rather than CP in all cases of unilateral results of the localizing study.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcium , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Phosphorus , Retrospective Studies , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89529

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to review the clinical outcome and prognosis of patients with sporadic and hereditary medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) who were treated at a single tertiary hospital in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the case files of 85 patients treated from August 1982 to February 2012. RESULTS: In all, 65 patients (76.5%) had sporadic MTC and 20 patients (23.5%) had hereditary MTC. Patients in the sporadic group were older than in the hereditary group (P < 0.001). However, the hereditary group had more tumor multiplicity (P < 0.001) and bilaterality (P < 0.001). Neither survival rate was significantly different between the sporadic and hereditary groups (P = 0.775 and P = 0.866). By multivariate analysis, distant metastasis was a significant prognostic factor for overall and progression-free survival. CONCLUSION: In general, patients with MTC have favorable outcomes. Distant metastasis appears to be the strongest predictor of overall and progression-free survival.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tertiary Care Centers , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183278

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Postoperative hypocalcemia is a common complication of thyroidectomy. This study evaluated the incidence and predisposing risk factors for postoperative permanent hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: There were 1,247 consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy and complete treatment and observation for differentiated thyroid cancer between January 2012 to December 2012 who were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups, those remaining normalcalcemic (Group I-824 pts) and those who had hypocalcemia requiring treatment (Groups II-423 pts). Group II was subdivided into a transient hypocalcemic group (Group IIA-409 pts) and a permanent hypocalcemic group (Group IIB-14 pts). RESULTS: Female gender, thyroiditis, preserved parathyroid number, lateral lymph node metastasis, RAI treatment, preoperative parathyroid hormone and preoperative vitamin D were significantly associated with the development of postoperative hypocalcemia by multivariate analysis. Comparing patients with transient versus permanent hypocalcemia, tumor size and multiplicity were significantly related to the development of permanent hypocalcemia by multivariate analysis. RAI treatment and parathyroid hormone level on the postoperative third day were significantly related to recovery from transient hypocalcemia to normo-calcemia. CONCLUSION: Risk factors of postoperative hypocalcemia were associated with preoperative patient factors and advanced thyroid cancer. Advanced thyroid cancer was a risk factor for permanent hypocalcemia. To prevent postoperative hypocalcemia, we should focus on patient condition and need to preserve parathyroid gland more carefully in thyroid surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hypocalcemia , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Thyroiditis , Vitamin D
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80963

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a familial syndrome characterized by the parathyroid, pancreas and pituitary tumors. Parathyroid tumors are the most common clinical manifestations, occurring in more than 90% of MEN1 patients. Heterozygous germline mutations of the MENIN gene underlie the tumorigenesis in MEN1 and epigenetic alterations along with germline mutations may contribute to tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the associations between genotype and phenotype in Korean MEN1 patients. METHODS: We analyzed medical records from 14 unrelated MEN1 patients who had newly confirmed MENIN germline mutations, together with 14 previous reports in Korea. Aberrant DNA methylations were also examined in MEN1-related parathyroid tumors using the Infinium HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip. RESULTS: Total 28 germline mutations of MENIN were relatively highly concentrated in exons 7 and 8 compared to previous reports from Western countries. Six mutations (c.111dupT/p.S38Ffs*79, c.225_226insT/p.T76Yfs*41, c.383_398del16/p.S128Tfs*52, c.746dupT/p.H250Afs*20, c.1150G>T/p.E384*, and c.1508G>A/p.G503N) were newly found in the present study. Of interest, four patients (15%) showed unusual initial presentations and three patients were diagnosed incidentally at the general medical checkup. We also found three distinct sites in exon 2 of MENIN were significantly hypomethylated in the MEN1 parathyroid tumors, comparing correspondent blood samples. CONCLUSION: We also have found a lack of genotype/phenotype correlation in Korean MEN1 patients. There were not a few unusual initial manifestations in MEN1 patients, thus, genetic testing for the MENIN germline mutations can provide important information for the better prognosis. Further studies are warranted to investigate altered DNA methylations in the MENIN gene involved in tumorigenesis.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Exons , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Korea , Medical Records , Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 , Pancreas , Phenotype , Pituitary Neoplasms , Prognosis
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200089

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignant tumor. Early detection is difficult and prognosis is poor. We report on 20 years of ACC surgical experience at our institution. METHODS: This study included 32 ACC patients who underwent surgical resection at the Department of Surgery of the Yonsei University Health System in South Korea between January 1990 and February 2012. We reviewed these 32 patients and retrospectively analyzed long-term clinical outcomes and prognosis after radical surgery for ACC. RESULTS: The median age of the 32 patients at diagnosis was 42.25 years (range 3~81 years). There were 16 (50%) female and 16 (50%) male patients. Mean tumor size was 12.36 cm (range 1.8~20 cm). Twenty-five patients (78.12%) had nonfunctioning tumors while the other seven patients (21.87%) had functioning tumors. Seventeen patients (53.12%) were classified as stage II, two (6.25%) as stage III, and 13 (40.62%) as stage IV. Fourteen patients underwent radical surgical resection, while 14 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy, two received adjuvant radiotherapy, and two received adjuvant chemoradiation. Four patients were lost to follow-up. Among the remaining 28 patients, 15 patients survived. The 5- and 10-year overall survival was 60.6% and 37.8%, respectively (median survival=85+/-24.3 months). Seventeen patients (53%) experienced disease recurrence. Five- and 10-year recurrence-free survival was 41.5% and 29.7%, respectively (median survival=18+/-5.5 months). CONCLUSION: Early stage at diagnosis and surgical resection were the most important prognostic factors associated with prolonged survival. The role of additional therapy remains controversial and new agents should continually be evaluated for efficacy.


Subject(s)
Adrenocortical Carcinoma , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Korea , Lost to Follow-Up , Male , Prognosis , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65457

ABSTRACT

Thyroid carcinomas are uncommon in childhood and adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyze clinical features and clinical outcomes of thyroid cancer in the pediatric population treated in the Yonsei University Health System. From September 1982 to June 2009, 90 patients (75 females, 15 males; female:male ratio of 5:1) with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were identified in our institute. The mean age at diagnosis was 15.8 yr old (range 4.8-19.9 yr). Cervical masses were most common clinical manifestations at diagnosis in 65 patients (72.2%). Forty-two patients underwent less than total thyroidectomy and 18 patients underwent total thyroidectomy. Thirty patients (33.3%) had lateral neck lymph node metastasis and seven patients (7.8%) had lung metastasis at the time of surgery. Among the 90 patients, recurrence occurred in 14 patients (15.5%). Mean follow-up period for patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma was 81.6 months (13-324 months). No patients died of differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma who were < 20-yr-of-age were present with aggressive local disease and a high frequency of lymph node and distant metastasis. It is recommended that pediatric thyroid cancer should be managed mostly using proper surgical approach with thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection when indicated.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Age Factors , Carcinoma/pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, University , Humans , Iodine Radioisotopes/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroidectomy , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169064

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: During the past decade, various endoscopic thyroid surgeries have been conducted, each with its own benefits. The incorporation of robotic systems to endoscopic thyroid surgery has improved the visualization and precision of endoscopic techniques. We previously reported our initial experience with robotic modified radical neck dissection (MRND) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with lateral neck node metastasis (LNM). The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of robotic vs. conventional open MRND of PTC with LNM using propensity score matching. METHODS: From January 2008 to February 2011, 515 patients with PTC with LNM were enrolled. One hundred patients underwent robotic MRND, and 415 patients underwent conventional open MRND. These two groups were retrospectively compared with respect to their clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, and surgical completeness. Furthermore, to avoid selection bias, propensity score matching analysis was used to compare surgical outcomes of each group without any compounding factors. RESULTS: The operative time for the robotic MRND was longer than for the open MRND (297.9±60.2 min vs. 212.1±55.6 min, P=0.089). However, the mean numbers of retrieved lymph nodes and mean hospital stay after surgery were similar in the two groups (36.0±12.9 vs. 40.8±13.3, P=0.235), (6.1±1.6 days vs. 6.1±2.1 days, P=0.577). The complication rates were similar between the two groups, and there was no statistical difference in postoperative thyroglobulin levels between groups (0.51±0.83 ng/ml vs. 0.89±2.46 ng/ml, P=0.593). CONCLUSION: According to our study, robotic MRND shows similar surgical outcomes to conventional open MRND after case-matched analyses. We suggest that robotic MRND is an acceptable alternative as an operative method for PTC with LNM, resulting in excellent cosmesis and patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Length of Stay , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Neck Dissection , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Operative Time , Patient Satisfaction , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Selection Bias , Thyroglobulin , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159027

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of coexisting chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to evaluate the influence on prognosis. A total of 1,357 patients who underwent thyroid surgery for PTC were included. The clinicopathological characteristics were identified. Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (n = 597) were studied to evaluate the influence of coexistent CLT on prognosis. Among the total 1,357 patients, 359 (26.5%) had coexistent CLT. In the CLT group, the prevalence of females was higher than in the control group without CLT (P < 0.001). Mean tumor size and mean age in the patients with CLT were smaller than without CLT (P = 0.040, P = 0.047, respectively). Extrathyroidal extension in the patients with CLT was significantly lower than without CLT (P = 0.016). Among the subset of 597 patients, disease-free survival rate in the patients with CLT was significantly higher than without CLT (P = 0.042). However, the multivariate analysis did not reveal a negative association between CLT coexistence and recurrence. Patients with CLT display a greater female preponderance, smaller size, younger and lower extrathyroidal extension. CLT is not a significant independent negative predictive factor for recurrence, although presence of CLT indicates a reduced risk of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma/complications , Carcinoma, Papillary/complications , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hashimoto Disease/complications , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Odds Ratio , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sex Factors , Survival Rate , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Thyroidectomy
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10843

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the surgical completeness and outcome of total thyroidectomy in two patient groups: One treated by harmonic scalpel (HS) and one by conventional total thyroidectomy (CT). METHODS: Between March 2006 and December 2007, 104 patients had total thyroidectomy by HS and 108 patients underwent CT. We analyzed clinicopathological characteristics and stimulated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (Tg), and anti-Tg antibodies at the time of ablation for both groups. RESULTS: Compared with the CT group, the HS group had shorter operating time and hospital stays and reduced postoperative drainage. At postsurgical ablation, mean serum TSH was 80.47 +/- 21.77 mU/L in the HS group and 69.74 +/- 21.17 mU/L in the CT group, with significant between-group differences (P < 0.001). Mean serum Tg levels after TSH stimulation were 1.57 +/- 3.17 and 3.95 +/- 10.14 ng/mL in the HS and CT groups, respectively, with significant between-group differences (P = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Total thyroidectomy with an HS is a relatively safe and effective technique for use in patients with PTC. The HS provides surgical completeness and has a beneficial effect on successful ablation.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Carcinoma , Drainage , Factor IX , Humans , Length of Stay , Thyroglobulin , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Thyrotropin
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7840

ABSTRACT

More than 95% of the thyroid carcinomas are well differentiated types showing favorable prognosis. However, only a few therapeutic options are available to treat the patients with undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas, especially with refractory thyroid carcinomas that are not amenable to surgery or radioiodine ablation. We investigated the anticancer effects of 20 chemotherapy and hormonal therapy drugs on 8 thyroid carcinoma cell lines. In vitro chemosensitivity was tested using the adenosine-triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay (ATP-CRA). The tumor inhibition rate (TIR; or cell death rate) or half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was analyzed to interpret the results. Of the 12 chemotherapy drugs, etoposide (178.9 index value in follicular carcinoma cell line) and vincristine (211.7 in Hurthle cell carcinoma cell line) were the most active drugs showing the highest chemosensitivity, and of the 8 additional drugs, trichostatin A (0.03 microg/mL IC50 in follicular carcinoma cell line) showed favorable outcome having the anticancer effect. In our study, the result of etoposide and vincristine show evidence as active anticancer drugs in thyroid carcinoma cell lines and trichostatin A seems be the next promising drug. These drugs may become an innovative therapy for refractory thyroid carcinomas in near future.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Etoposide/chemistry , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids/chemistry , Thyroid Neoplasms/drug therapy , Vincristine/chemistry
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35449

ABSTRACT

We report here on a case of a neurogenic tumor of the neck with an uncertain origin on the preoperative evaluation. A 67-year-old woman with a palpable mass in the left side of the neck was referred to our hospital. The mass had slowly grown over 7 years and her dyspnea had gradually become more severe over the recent 6 months. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed an 8 cm sized solid mass that abutted the trachea and the esophagus without invasion, but the origin of the mass was not clearly identified. During surgical exploration, we identified that the tumor was located in the esophageal muscle layer. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were positive for S-100 protein, which confirmed a diagnosis of schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Dyspnea , Esophagus , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neck , Neurilemmoma , S100 Proteins , Thyroid Gland , Trachea
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101528

ABSTRACT

Lateral neck node metastasis is an important prognostic factor in thyroid carcinoma. We developed a scoring system for use in prediction of lateral neck node metastasis from papillary thyroid cancer. In this study, 161 consecutive patients were included in the training data set. This scoring system, named the Yonsei Estimated Value (YEV) for lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid cancer, was developed on the basis of results from multivariate logistic regression analysis of preoperative clinical and radiologic data. Sixty eight consecutive patients were included for testing of the validity of the scoring system. The equation for prediction of lateral neck node metastasis was follows: YEV (Yonsei Estimated Value) = 1/(1+X) X = Exp (5.333-[0.902 x sex]+[0.036 x age]-[1.020 x tumor size]-[0.177 x lymph node size]-[0.032 x lymph node density]) When the YEV was 0.3 or more, the probability of lateral neck node metastasis was 79.0%, with sensitivity of 76.3%, specificity of 69.8%, positive predictive value of 56.7%, and negative predictive value of 85.1% in the training set. When fine needle aspiration biopsy for suspicious lateral neck nodes is not possible, or the results are inadequate, our scoring system for prediction of lateral neck node metastasis can be helpful in optimization of the surgical extent for each patient.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Algorithms , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnosis , Humans , Logistic Models , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200539

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary thyroid mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a very rare subgroup of thyroid lymphoma, accounting for about 6 to 28% of all primary thyroid lymphomas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes. METHODS: We identified seven patients with thyroid MALT lymphoma who were treated between January 1997 and December 2007, and reviewed their clinicopathological features and follow-up outcomes. RESULTS: There were five female and two male patients, and their mean age was 73 years. All patients presented with palpable neck mass. Two patients had hoarseness and dyspnea. All patients had a history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis with a mean of 175 months. Malignant lymphoma was suspected in only three patients using core needle biopsy. Four patients underwent thyroidectomy in the absence of preoperative pathologic confirmation, and histologic diagnosis was obtained after surgery. As initial treatment, complete surgical resection was performed in five patients, radiotherapy in one, and a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in one. Six patients were alive for the mean follow-up period of 66 months and one patient died of unrelated causes. There were neither recurrences nor disease-specific mortalities. CONCLUSION: When primary thyroid MALT lymphoma occurs in the thyroid or is confined to the neck, it responds well to local treatment such as surgical resection and external beam radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Accounting , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Dyspnea , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hoarseness , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Male , Neck , Recurrence , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy , Thyroiditis
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