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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1658-1670, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the two-year treatment outcomes of chemoembolization with drug-eluting embolics (DEE) for nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). @*Materials and Methods@#This study was a prospective, multicenter, registry-based, single-arm trial conducted at five university hospitals in Korea. Patients were recruited between May 2011 and April 2013, with a target population of 200. A DC Bead loaded with doxorubicin was used as the DEE agent. Patients were followed up for two years. Per-patient and perlesion tumor response analysis, per-patient overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analysis, and per-lesion tumor control analysis were performed. @*Results@#The final study population included 152 patients, with 207 target lesions for the per-lesion analysis. At one-month, six-month, one-year, and two-year per-patient assessments, complete response (CR) rates were 40.1%, 43.0%, 33.3%, and 19.6%, respectively. The objective response (OR) rates were 91.4%, 55.4%, 35.1%, and 19.6%, respectively. The cumulative two-year OS rate was 79.7%. The cumulative two-year PFS rate was 22.4% and the median survival was 9.3 months. In multivariable analysis, the Child-Pugh score (p = 0.019) was an independent predictor of OS, and tumor multiplicity (p < 0.001), tumor size (p = 0.020), and Child-Pugh score (p = 0.006) were independent predictors of PFS. In per-lesion analysis, one-month, six-month, one-year and two-year CR rates were 57.5%, 58.5%, 45.2%, and 33.3%, respectively, and the OR rates were 84.1%, 65.2%, 46.6%, and 33.3%, respectively. The cumulative two-year per-lesion tumor control rate was 36.2%, and the median time was 14.1 months. The Child-Pugh score (p < 0.001) was the only independent predictor of tumor control. Serious adverse events were reported in 11 patients (7.2%). @*Conclusion@#DEE chemoembolization for nodular HCCs in the Korean population showed acceptable survival, tumor response, and safety profiles after a two-year follow-up. Good liver function (Child-Pugh score A5) was a key predictor of per-patient OS, PFS, and per-lesion tumor control.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1279-1288, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894721

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the diagnostic performance of the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) version 2018 treatment response algorithm (TRA) for the evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial radioembolization. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included patients who underwent transarterial radioembolization for HCC followed by hepatic surgery between January 2011 and December 2019. The resected lesions were determined to have either complete (100%) or incomplete (< 100%) necrosis based on histopathology. Three radiologists independently reviewed the CT or MR images of pre- and post-treatment lesions and assigned categories based on the LI-RADS version 2018 and the TRA, respectively. Diagnostic performances of LI-RADS treatment response (LR-TR) viable and nonviable categories were assessed for each reader, using histopathology from hepatic surgeries as a reference standard. Inter-reader agreements were evaluated using Fleiss κ. @*Results@#A total of 27 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 55.9 ± 9.1 years; 24 male) with 34 lesions (15 with complete necrosis and 19 with incomplete necrosis on histopathology) were included. To predict complete necrosis, the LR-TR nonviable category had a sensitivity of 73.3–80.0% and a specificity of 78.9–89.5%. For predicting incomplete necrosis, the LR-TR viable category had a sensitivity of 73.7–79.0% and a specificity of 93.3–100%. Five (14.7%) of 34 treated lesions were categorized as LR-TR equivocal by consensus, with two of the five lesions demonstrating incomplete necrosis. Interreader agreement for the LR-TR category was 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.66–0.96). @*Conclusion@#The LI-RADS version 2018 TRA can be used to predict the histopathologic viability of HCCs treated with transarterial radioembolization.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1658-1670, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902497

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the two-year treatment outcomes of chemoembolization with drug-eluting embolics (DEE) for nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). @*Materials and Methods@#This study was a prospective, multicenter, registry-based, single-arm trial conducted at five university hospitals in Korea. Patients were recruited between May 2011 and April 2013, with a target population of 200. A DC Bead loaded with doxorubicin was used as the DEE agent. Patients were followed up for two years. Per-patient and perlesion tumor response analysis, per-patient overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analysis, and per-lesion tumor control analysis were performed. @*Results@#The final study population included 152 patients, with 207 target lesions for the per-lesion analysis. At one-month, six-month, one-year, and two-year per-patient assessments, complete response (CR) rates were 40.1%, 43.0%, 33.3%, and 19.6%, respectively. The objective response (OR) rates were 91.4%, 55.4%, 35.1%, and 19.6%, respectively. The cumulative two-year OS rate was 79.7%. The cumulative two-year PFS rate was 22.4% and the median survival was 9.3 months. In multivariable analysis, the Child-Pugh score (p = 0.019) was an independent predictor of OS, and tumor multiplicity (p < 0.001), tumor size (p = 0.020), and Child-Pugh score (p = 0.006) were independent predictors of PFS. In per-lesion analysis, one-month, six-month, one-year and two-year CR rates were 57.5%, 58.5%, 45.2%, and 33.3%, respectively, and the OR rates were 84.1%, 65.2%, 46.6%, and 33.3%, respectively. The cumulative two-year per-lesion tumor control rate was 36.2%, and the median time was 14.1 months. The Child-Pugh score (p < 0.001) was the only independent predictor of tumor control. Serious adverse events were reported in 11 patients (7.2%). @*Conclusion@#DEE chemoembolization for nodular HCCs in the Korean population showed acceptable survival, tumor response, and safety profiles after a two-year follow-up. Good liver function (Child-Pugh score A5) was a key predictor of per-patient OS, PFS, and per-lesion tumor control.

4.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1279-1288, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902425

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the diagnostic performance of the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) version 2018 treatment response algorithm (TRA) for the evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial radioembolization. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included patients who underwent transarterial radioembolization for HCC followed by hepatic surgery between January 2011 and December 2019. The resected lesions were determined to have either complete (100%) or incomplete (< 100%) necrosis based on histopathology. Three radiologists independently reviewed the CT or MR images of pre- and post-treatment lesions and assigned categories based on the LI-RADS version 2018 and the TRA, respectively. Diagnostic performances of LI-RADS treatment response (LR-TR) viable and nonviable categories were assessed for each reader, using histopathology from hepatic surgeries as a reference standard. Inter-reader agreements were evaluated using Fleiss κ. @*Results@#A total of 27 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 55.9 ± 9.1 years; 24 male) with 34 lesions (15 with complete necrosis and 19 with incomplete necrosis on histopathology) were included. To predict complete necrosis, the LR-TR nonviable category had a sensitivity of 73.3–80.0% and a specificity of 78.9–89.5%. For predicting incomplete necrosis, the LR-TR viable category had a sensitivity of 73.7–79.0% and a specificity of 93.3–100%. Five (14.7%) of 34 treated lesions were categorized as LR-TR equivocal by consensus, with two of the five lesions demonstrating incomplete necrosis. Interreader agreement for the LR-TR category was 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.66–0.96). @*Conclusion@#The LI-RADS version 2018 TRA can be used to predict the histopathologic viability of HCCs treated with transarterial radioembolization.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 449-458, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741419

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify an imaging predictor for the assessment of early treatment response to yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), using a quantitative assessment of dynamic computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dynamic contrast-enhanced CT was obtained pre- and 4 weeks post-TARE in 44 patients (34 men, 10 women; mean age, 60 years) with HCC. Computer software was developed for measuring the percentage increase in the combined delayed-enhancing area and necrotic area (pD + N) and the percentage increase in the necrotic area (pNI) in the tumor-containing segments pre- and post-TARE. Local progression-free survival (PFS) was compared between patient groups using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses. RESULTS: Post-TARE HCC with pD + N ≥ 35.5% showed significantly longer PFS than those with pD + N < 35.5% (p = 0.001). The local tumor progression hazard ratio was 17.3 (p = 0.009) for pD + N < 35.5% versus pD + N ≥ 35.5% groups. HCCs with a high pNI tended to have longer PFS, although this difference did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: HCCs with a larger pD + N are less likely to develop local progression after TARE.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Yttrium Radioisotopes
6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 230-238, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and clinical outcomes of plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) to treat gastric variceal hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2012 to June 2014, 19 patients (11 men and 8 women, median age; 61, with history of gastric variceal hemorrhage; 17, active bleeding; 2) who underwent PARTO using a vascular plug and a gelfoam pledget were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and laboratory data were examined to evaluate primary (technical and clinical success, complications) and secondary (worsening of esophageal varix [EV], change in liver function) end points. Median follow-up duration was 11 months, from 6.5 to 18 months. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare laboratory data before and after the procedure. RESULTS: Technical success (complete occlusion of the efferent shunt and complete filling of gastric varix [GV] with a gelfoam slurry) was achieved in 18 of 19 (94.7%) patients. The embolic materials could not reach the GV in 1 patient who had endoscopic glue injection before our procedure. The clinical success rate (no recurrence of gastric variceal bleeding) was the same because the technically failed patient showed recurrent bleeding later. Acute complications included fever (n = 2), fever and hypotension (n = 2; one diagnosed adrenal insufficiency), and transient microscopic hematuria (n = 3). Ten patients underwent follow-up endoscopy; all exhibited GV improvement, except 2 without endoscopic change. Five patients exhibited aggravated EV, and 2 of them had a bleeding event. Laboratory findings were significantly improved after PARTO. CONCLUSION: PARTO is technically feasible, safe, and effective for gastric variceal hemorrhage in patients with portal hypertension.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Balloon Occlusion , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable/chemistry , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 742-749, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215555

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of angled cool-tip electrode for radiofrequency ablation of small superficial subcapsular liver tumors abutting abdominal wall, in order to traverse normal liver parenchyma, and thereby, obtain favorable configuration of ablation margin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 15 small superficial subcapsular liver tumors abutting abdominal wall in 15 patients, treated with radiofrequency ablation from March 2013 to June 2015 using a cool-tip electrode manually modified to create 25-35° angle at the junction between exposed and insulated segments. The tumors were hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 13) and metastases (n = 2: cholangiocellular carcinoma and rectosigmoid cancer), with maximum diameter of 10-26 mm (mean, 15.68 ± 5.29 mm). Under ultrasonographic guidance, the electrode tip was advanced to the depth of the tumors' epicenter about 1 cm from the margin. The tip was re-directed to penetrate the tumor for radiofrequency ablation. Minimal ablation margin was measured at immediate post-treatment CT. Radiological images and medical records were evaluated for success rate, length of minimal ablation margin and complications. RESULTS: Technical success rate of obtaining complete necrosis of the tumors was 100%, with no procedure-related complication. Minimal ablation margin ranged from 3-12 mm (mean, 7.07 ± 2.23 mm). CT/MRI follow-up at 21-1022 days (mean, 519.47 ± 304.51 days) revealed no local recurrence, but distant recurrence in 9 patients. CONCLUSION: Using an angled cool-tip electrode for radiofrequency ablation of small superficial subcapsular tumors abutting abdominal wall may be a feasible technique for obtaining adequate ablation margin and lower complication rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Cholangiocarcinoma , Electrodes , Feasibility Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Liver , Medical Records , Necrosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
8.
Hanyang Medical Reviews ; : 225-229, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88583

ABSTRACT

The interventional procedure is a percutaneous treatment modality using various devices such as a guide-wire and a catheter under a minimal incision. It is usually done under a fluoroscopy (X-ray radiography) guidance, therefore the operator would be exposed to X-ray irradiation. Recently, a new procedure using a master-slave robotic system is proposed for the intervention procedure, especially in the era of vascular disease. Many state of art intervention robots are under development and this approach can drastically reduce radiation exposure by replacing human effort by a robotic system for high radiation exposure procedures. However, robotic intervention is still more expensive and needs more efficient end effector and easier human interface for a safer and faster procedure. This article provides a comprehensive summary of vascular intervention and necessity of the vascular intervention robot system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters , Fluoroscopy , Radiation Exposure , Vascular Diseases
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 215-219, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Imaging features and clinical characteristics of degenerated leiomyoma in patients referred for uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) were analyzed to assess the incidence of degenerated leiomyoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referred for UFE between 2008 and 2009 were retrospectively analyzed (n=276). Patients ranged in age from 27 to 51 years (mean 38.0 years). All patients underwent screening MRI with contrast enhancement. Medical histories and clinical symptoms were evaluated. RESULTS: Among the 276 patients who underwent MRI, 14 (5.1%) showed degenerated leiomyomas. Symptoms were abdominal pain (n=4, 26.7%), menorrhagia (n=5, 35.7%) and bulk-related symptoms (n=5, 35.7%) and no symptoms (n=5, 35.7%). Of the 14 patients with degenerated leiomyomas, 5 (42.9%) had a history of pregnancy in the past two years. For T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), a high signal intensity (SI) of the leiomyoma was the most common finding (n=9, 64.3%) and a hyperintense rim (n=4, 28.6%) was the second most common. On T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), a low SI of the leiomyoma was found in six patients (42.9%), a high SI in four (28.6%) and a heterogeneous SI in four (28.6%) patients. Conservative management was performed in 11 (78.6%) patients, surgery in 3 (21.4%) and uterine artery embolization in one (7.1%) patient. CONCLUSION: The incidence of degeneration of leiomyoma in patients referred for UFE was 5.1%. Patients presented with variable clinical symptoms with or without a history of pregnancy. MR imaging showed a high SI on T1WI and various SIs on T2WI without contrast enhancement. An understanding of the degeneration of leiomyomata is essential when considering UFE.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Abdominal Pain/therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Leiomyoma/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Menorrhagia/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Artery Embolization
10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 618-624, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228971

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for treating symptomatic fibroids with high signal intensity (SI) on magnetic resonance (MR) T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 537 cases, consisting of 14 patients with high SI fibroids on T2WI (T2 high group), were retrospectively included and compared with 28 randomly selected patients with low SI fibroids on T2WI (control group). High SI of a predominant fibroid on T2WI was defined as having the same or higher SI than the myometrium. Patient ages ranged from 28 to 52 years (mean, 38.1 years). All patients underwent MRI before and after UAE. Predominant fibroid and uterine volumes were calculated with MR images. Symptom status in terms of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea was scored on a scale of 0-10, with 0 being no symptoms and 10 being the baseline, or initial symptoms. RESULTS: Of the patients in the T2 high group, 13 out of 14 (92.9%) patients demonstrated complete necrosis of the predominant fibroids. The mean volume reduction rates of the predominant fibroids in the T2 high group was 61.7% at three months after UAE, which was significantly higher than the volume reduction rates of 42.1% noted in the control group (p < 0.05). Changes in symptom scores for menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea after UAE (baseline score minus follow-up score) were 4.9 and 7.5 in T2 high group and they were 5.0 and 7.7 in control group, suggesting a significant resolution of symptoms (p < 0.01) in both groups but no significant difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: UAE is effective for uttering fibroids showing high SI on T2WI. The mean volume reduction rate of the predominant fibroids three months after UAE was greater in the T2 high group than in the control group.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Case-Control Studies , Contrast Media , Leiomyoma/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional/methods , Meglumine , Organometallic Compounds , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Artery Embolization/methods , Uterine Neoplasms/therapy
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 107-114, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54233

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months) RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. CONCLUSION: The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Enbucrilate/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Punctures , Stents
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 648-655, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the outcomes of a simplified technique for the percutaneous placement of a hepatic artery port-catheter system for chemotherapy infusion in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein invasion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2003 to February 2008, percutaneous hepatic artery port-catheter insertion was performed in 122 patients who had hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein invasion. The arterial access route was the common femoral artery. The tip of the catheter was wedged into the right gastroepiploic artery without an additional fixation device. A side hole was positioned at the distal common hepatic artery to allow the delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into the hepatic arteries. Coil embolization was performed only to redistribute to the hepatic arteries or to prevent the inadvertent delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into extrahepatic arteries. The port chamber was created at either the supra-inguinal or infra-inguinal region. RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all patients. Proper positioning of the side hole was checked before each scheduled chemotherapy session by port angiography. Catheter-related complications occurred in 19 patients (16%). Revision was achieved in 15 of 18 patients (83%). CONCLUSION: This simplified method demonstrates excellent technical feasibility, an acceptable range of complications, and is hence recommended for the management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein thrombosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiography , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/surgery , Fluoroscopy , Hepatic Artery , Infusions, Intra-Arterial , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Portal Vein/pathology , Radiography, Interventional , Treatment Outcome
13.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 180-184, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84442

ABSTRACT

Magnet compression anastomosis is a nonsurgical method that uses two magnets to treat bilio-biliary and bilio-enteric anastomotic strictures after a living donor transplantation. The compression pressure of the two magnets induces ischemic necrosis at the anastomostic stricture and creates a fistula at the stricture site. A choledochal cyst is an uncommon congenital anomaly characterized by dilatation of the biliary tree and can cause obstructive jaundice, cholangitis, biliary stones, and cholangiocelluar carcinoma. Treatment for choledochal cyst is essentially surgical including total excision of the cyst with hepaticoenterostomy, but there can be complications such as postoperative intrahepatic stones and recurrent cholangitis due to a stricture at the site of the anastomosis. Endoscopic and fluoroscopy-guided radiologic interventions can be applied to resolve the anastomotic stricture, and re-operation is possible as the method of last resort. We report here a first case, trial magnet compression anastomosis in Korea of a bilioenteric anastomotic stricture after excision of a choledochal cyst and hepaticojejunostomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biliary Tract , Cholangitis , Choledochal Cyst , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Fistula , Health Resorts , Jaundice, Obstructive , Korea , Living Donors , Magnets , Necrosis , Transplants
14.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 318-323, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17365

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS) is the primary treatment option for general cases of intrahepatic duct stones. However, there are no reports on the use of PTCS for intrahepatic duct stones in patients who had undergone living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We experienced two cases of successful intrahepatic stone removal by the use of PTCS in LDLT patients. With these cases, we have confirmed that PTCS management can be safely performed not only for a general bile duct stone, but also for a bile duct stone that develops in a patient that had previously undergone liver transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Factor IX , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors
15.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 571-578, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192111

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the effectiveness of stent placement on the superior mesenteric artery as a treatment for chronic mesenteric ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients (mean age: 55 years, age range: 43-66 years) with chronic mesenteric ischemia were enrolled between March 2000 and September 2003. All the patients underwent pre-procedure contrast enhanced computerized tomography to evaluate for occlusion or stenosis of the mesenteric arteries and they then underwent an angiographic procedure. A balloon-expandable metal stent was placed in the superior mesenteric artery, and this was combined with balloon angioplasty and thrombolysis. We evaluated the angiographic and procedural success after the procedures. RESULTS: Angiographic and procedural success was obtained in 100% of the patients and the clinical symptoms improved in 100% of the patients. The patency at 6-months and 1-year was 85% and 71%, respectively. The mean follow-up period was 12 months (range: 1-25 months). During the follow-up period, ischemic symptoms recurred in 2 patients, and restenosis in a stent was confirmed with angiography; one patient was successfully treated by stent placement in the celiac artery and the other patient died due to extensive mesenteric thrombosis. CONCLUSION: For the treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia, percutaneuos stent placement on the superior mesenteric artery showed a favorable result and it was an effective alternative to surgery for the high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioplasty, Balloon , Celiac Artery , Constriction, Pathologic , Follow-Up Studies , Ischemia , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion , Stents , Vascular Diseases
16.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 375-379, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104426

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and usefulness of the fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous gastrostomy (FPG) using a large profile gastrostomy tube accompanied with the pull technique, and without the use of an endoscopy or a gastropexy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2005 to February 2007, 25 patients underwent an FPG using a large profile gastrostomy tube accompanied by the pull technique, in which a 24F pull-type tube was inserted into a patient's mouth and was pulled to the upper abdominal puncture site using a snare, under fluoroscopy. The 18 patients with difficulty swallowing due to muscular atrophic lateral sclerosis or transitional myodystrophy included 5 cases of quadriplegia, 1 case of Parkinson's disease, and 1 metastatic mediastinal tumor. The technical success rate, occurrence of complications, and clinical outcomes were examined. RESULTS: The technical success rate was found to be 100%. In addition, the retention periods for the indwelling tube ranged from 1 to 24 months (mean: 6.5 months), with all tubes retained at a normal position with normal function. No procedure-related mortality occurred. One patient (4%) did however develop a complication in the form of ascites and ascitic fluid leakage around the tube, which was of hepatic origin and was ultimately resolved after the drainage of ascites. CONCLUSION: As a result of this study the FPG, accompanied with the pull technique using a 24F tube, should be considered as a safe and effective method for examining patients. It was found to have a high success rate and a low complication rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Ascitic Fluid , Deglutition , Drainage , Endoscopy , Fluoroscopy , Gastropexy , Gastrostomy , Intubation , Motor Neuron Disease , Mouth , Muscular Dystrophies , Parkinson Disease , Punctures , Quadriplegia , Retention, Psychology , SNARE Proteins , Stomach
17.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 137-139, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11613

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a 77-year-old woman with massive gastric ulcer bleeding caused by a balloon replacement tube that required emergent transcatheter left gastric arterial embolization to stop the ulcer bleeding.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Gastrostomy , Hemorrhage , Stomach Ulcer , Ulcer
18.
The Korean Journal of Hepatology ; : 268-274, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75926

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study is to elucidate the efficacy of repeated hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) and different chemotherapeutic regimens for treating patients having advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). METHODS: From Jan. 1999 and Dec. 2003, a total of 103 patients diagnosed as having HCC with PVTT, but without extrahepatic spreading, were enrolled in this study. They were stratified into two groups. Group I (67 patients) received intraarterial cisplatin (CDDP, 80 mg/m2 for 2 hours on Day 1), Group II (36 patients) received intraarterial CDDP (60 mg/m2 for 2 hours on Day 2) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, 500 mg/m2 for 5 hours on Day 1-3). They were scheduled to receive at least three consecutive courses of the HAIC at 1 month intervals. RESULTS: Among the 66 patients who completed the protocol, one (2.5%) and seven (17.5%) patients of group I, and one (3.8%) and four (15.4%) of group II, exhibited complete and partial responses, respectively. The median survival period of all the patients was 6 months. Group II showed a tendency to improve the median survival compared to group I (8.5 vs 5.0 months, respectively, P=0.45). The most common adverse reaction was nausea (58.2%). However, an elevation of the total bilirubin level was more frequent in Group I than in Group II (61.3% vs 20.7%, respectively, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Repeated HAIC using CDDP achieved favorable results in a few patients with HCC with PVTT, and additional 5-FU may be useful.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , English Abstract , Hepatic Artery , Infusions, Intra-Arterial , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Portal Vein , Venous Thrombosis/complications
19.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 13-21, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185309

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of a newly designed percutaneously implanted separate stent-graft (SSG) for the treatment of aortic aneurysms and dissections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a percutaneous technique, SSG placement (in the descending thoracic aorta in 26 cases and infrarenal abdominal aorta in 24) was attempted in 50 patients with aortic aneurysms (n=27) or dissection (n=23). All SSGs were individually constructed using self-expandable nitinol stents and a Dacron graft, and were introduced through a 12 F sheath and expanded to a diameter of 20-34 mm. In all cases, vascular access was through the femoral artery. The clinical status of each patient was monitored, and postoperative CT was performed within one week of the procedure and at 3-6 month intervals afterwards. RESULTS: Endovascular stent-graft deployment was technically successful in 49 of 50 patients (98%). The one failure was due to torsion of the unsupported graft during deployment. Successful exclusion of aneurysms and the primary entry tears of dissections was achieved in all but three patients with aortic dissection. All patients in whom technical success was achieved showed complete thrombosis of the thoracic false lumen or aneurysmal sac, and the overall technical success rate was 92%. In addition, sixteen patients demonstrated complete resolution of the dissected thoracic false lumen (n=9) or aneurysmal sac (n=7). Immediate post-operative complications occurred at the femoral puncture site in one patient with an arteriovenous fistula, and in two, a new saccular aneurysm developed at the distal margin of the stent. No patient died, and there was no instance of paraplegia, stroke, side-branch occlusion or infection during the subsequent mean follow-up period of 9.4 (range, 2 to 26) months. CONCLUSION: In patients with aortic aneurysm and dissection, treatment with a separate percutaneously inserted stent-graft is technically feasible, safe, and effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Aneurysm , Arteriovenous Fistula , Femoral Artery , Follow-Up Studies , Paraplegia , Polyethylene Terephthalates , Punctures , Stents , Stroke , Thrombosis , Transplants
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 179-183, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and angiographic findings of the collateral pathway involving the internal thoracic artery in patients with chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2000 and Februrary 2001, 124 patients at our hospital underwent angiographic evaluation of chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease, and in 15 of these complete obstruction or severe stenosis of the aortoiliac artery was identified. The aortograms and collateral arteriograms obtained, including internal thoracic arteriograms, as well as the medical records of the patients involved, were evaluated. RESULTS: In nine patients there was complete occlusion of the infrarenal aorta, or diffuse stenosis of 75% or more in the descending thoracic aorta, and in the other six, a patent aorta but complete occlusion or stenosis of 75% or more of the common iliac artery was demonstrated. Collateral perfusion via hypertrophied internal thoracic arteries and rich anastomoses between the superior and inferior epigastric arteries, reconstituting the external iliac artery, were noted in all fifteen patients, regardless of symptom duration, which ranged from six months to twelve years. CONCLUSION: In patients with chronic aortoiliac occlusive disease, the internal thoracic artery, along with visceral collaterals and those from the contralateral side, is one of the major parietal collateral pathways.

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