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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 558-565, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003248

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the use of active surgical co-management (SCM) by medical hospitalists for urology inpatient care. @*Materials and Methods@#Since March 2019, a hospitalist-SCM program was implemented at a tertiary-care medical center, and a retrospective cohort study was conducted among co-managed urology inpatients. We assessed the clinical outcomes of urology inpatients who received SCM and compared passive SCM (co-management of patients by hospitalists only on request; March 2019 to June 2020) with active SCM (co-management of patients based on active screening by hospitalists; July 2020 to October 2021). We also evaluated the perceptions of patients who received SCM toward inpatient care quality, safety, and subjective satisfaction with inpatient care at discharge or when transferred to other wards. @*Results@#We assessed 525 patients. Compared with the passive SCM group (n=205), patients in the active SCM group (n=320) required co-management for a significantly shorter duration (p=0.012) and tended to have a shorter length of stay at the urology ward (p=0.062) and less frequent unplanned readmissions within 30 days of discharge (p=0.095) while triggering significantly fewer events of rapid response team activation (p=0.002). No differences were found in the proportion of patients transferred to the intensive care unit, in-hospital mortality rates, or inpatient care questionnaire scores. @*Conclusion@#Active surveillance and co-management of urology inpatients by medical hospitalists can improve the quality and efficacy of inpatient care without compromising subjective inpatient satisfaction.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 731-740, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000422

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#There are few reports regarding mixed carcinoma, defined as a mixture of glandular and poorly cohesive components, in patients with gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion and characteristics of mixed carcinoma in GC patients. @*Methods@#A total of 7,215 patients diagnosed with GC at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital were enrolled from March 2011 to February 2020. GC was divided into four groups (wellmoderately differentiated GC, poorly differentiated GC, poorly cohesive carcinoma, and mixed carcinoma). The proportion of each GC type and the clinicopathological features were analyzed and divided into early GC and advanced GC. @*Results@#The proportion of mixed carcinoma was 10.9% (n=787). In early GC, submucosal invasion was the most common in poorly differentiated (53.7%), and mixed carcinoma ranked second (41.1%). Mixed carcinoma showed the highest proportion of lymph node metastasis in early GC (23.0%) and advanced GC (78.3%). In advanced GC, the rate of distant metastasis was 3.6% and 3.9% in well-moderately differentiated GC and mixed carcinoma, respectively, lower than that in poorly differentiated GC (6.4%) and poorly cohesive carcinoma (5.7%), without statistical significance. @*Conclusions@#Mixed carcinoma was associated with lymph node metastasis compared to other histological GC subtypes. And it showed relatively common submucosal invasion in early GC, but the rates of venous invasion and distant metastasis were lower in advanced GC. Further research is needed to uncover the mechanism underlying these characteristics of mixed carcinoma (Trial registration number: NCT04973631).

3.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 444-454, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937435

ABSTRACT

Background@#No consensus exists regarding the early use of subcutaneous (SC) basal insulin facilitating the transition from continuous intravenous insulin infusion (CIII) to multiple SC insulin injections in patients with severe hyperglycemia other than diabetic ketoacidosis. This study evaluated the effect of early co-administration of SC basal insulin with CIII on glucose control in patients with severe hyperglycemia. @*Methods@#Patients who received CIII for the management of severe hyperglycemia were divided into two groups: the early basal insulin group (n=86) if they received the first SC basal insulin 0.25 U/kg body weight within 24 hours of CIII initiation and ≥4 hours before discontinuation, and the delayed basal insulin group (n=79) if they were not classified as the early basal insulin group. Rebound hyperglycemia was defined as blood glucose level of >250 mg/dL in 24 hours following CIII discontinuation. Propensity score matching (PSM) methods were additionally employed for adjusting the confounding factors (n=108). @*Results@#The rebound hyperglycemia incidence was significantly lower in the early basal insulin group than in the delayed basal insulin group (54.7% vs. 86.1%), despite using PSM methods (51.9%, 85.2%). The length of hospital stay was shorter in the early basal insulin group than in the delayed basal insulin group (8.5 days vs. 9.6 days, P=0.027). The hypoglycemia incidence did not differ between the groups. @*Conclusion@#Early co-administration of basal insulin with CIII prevents rebound hyperglycemia and shorten hospital stay without increasing the hypoglycemic events in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 254-261, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968684

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Anorectal functions are influenced by gender and age. This study sought to define the normal anorectal pressure values measured with conventional anorectal manometry (ARM) and to evaluate the effects of age and gender on anorectal function in asymptomatic subjects. @*Methods@#Conventional ARM was used to measure the anorectal pressures of 164 asymptomatic healthy subjects, including 86 males and 76 females. @*Results@#The resting anal pressures of males and females aged >60 years were significantly lower than those ≤60 years (males, 44.09±14.22 vs. 57.45±17.69, p<0.001; females, 44.09±14.22 vs. 57.45±17.69, p<0.001). The anal high-pressure zone was significantly lower in older males than in younger males (2.42±0.93 vs. 2.82±0.739, p=0.048). In both age groups (<60 and ≥60 years), the anal squeezing pressures of males were significantly higher than those of females (<60 years old, 168.40±75.94 vs. 119.15±57.53, p=0.001; ≥60 years, 149.61±64.68 vs. 101.3±54.92, p=0.006). @*Conclusions@#The normal anorectal pressure values measured with ARM in males and females were different. Older males and females had lower anal resting pressures than those of the younger subjects, but squeezing pressure was not affected by age.

5.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 310-321, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938435

ABSTRACT

Although bicarbonate has traditionally been used to treat patients with rhabdomyolysis at high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI), it is unclear whether this is beneficial. This study compared bicarbonate therapy to non-bicarbonate therapy for the prevention of AKI and mortality in rhabdomyolysis patients. Methods: In a propensity score-matched cohort study, patients with a creatine kinase (CK) level of >1,000 U/L during hospitalization were divided into bicarbonate and non-bicarbonate groups. Patients were subgrouped based on low-volume (<3 mL/kg/hr) or high-volume (≥3 mL/kg/hr) fluid resuscitation in the first 72 hours. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the impacts of bicarbonate use and fluid resuscitation on AKI risk and need for dialysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival. Volume overload and electrolyte imbalances were assessed. Results: Among 4,077 patients, we assembled a cohort of 887 pairs of patients treated with and without bicarbonate. Bicarbonate group had a higher incidence of AKI, higher rate of dialysis dependency, higher 30-day mortality, and longer hospital stay than the non-bicarbonate group. Further, patients who received high-volume fluid therapy had worse renal outcomes and a higher mortality than those who received low-volume fluids regardless of bicarbonate use. Bicarbonate use, volume overload, and AKI were associated with higher mortality. Volume overload was significantly higher in the bicarbonate group than in the non-bicarbonate group. Conclusion: Bicarbonate or high-volume fluid therapy for patients with rhabdomyolysis did not reduce AKI or improve mortality compared to non-bicarbonate or low-volume fluid therapy. Limited use of bicarbonate and adjustment of fluid volume may improve the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with rhabdomyolysis.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 521-528, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833121

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Desmoplasia is a prominent feature of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). Stromal desmoplasia reflects the low cellularity that is characteristic of PDA, and it may play a role in PDA chemoresistance. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the relationship between tumor cellularity in resected PDA specimens and long-term patient outcomes. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the data from 175 patients who underwent PDA resection between January 2010 and December 2015 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, and analyzed their clinicopathological features and the relationship between tumor cellularity (high vs low based on a cutoff of 30% cellularity) and patient outcomes. @*Results@#The high-cellularity group had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) (18.7 months vs 26.6 months, p=0.006) and disease-free survival (11.0 months vs 16.9 months, p=0.031) than the low-cellularity group. Multivariate analysis revealed that high tumor cellularity was an independent risk factor for poor OS (hazard ratio, 2.008; 95% confidence interval, 1.361 to 2.962; p<0.001). Adjuvant therapy improved OS in the low-cellularity group (16.3 months vs 41.3 months, p=0.001) but not in the high-cellularity group (15.9 months vs 24.4 months, p=0.107). @*Conclusions@#Tumor cellularity in PDA specimens may be a prognostic and predictive biomarker that could aid in identifying patients who would benefit from adjuvant therapy for PDA.

7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 305-314, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919066

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#Snoring is the sound of turbulence and vibration of the upper respiratory tissues and has been identified as a risk factor of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to identify associated clinical factors in snoring patients undergoing sedative endoscopy.@*METHODS@#A total of 49 patients who snored during standard sedative endoscopy and 127 controls were prospectively enrolled from June 2015 to June 2016. The Korean version of the Berlin Questionnaire was used to identify risk factors of OSA. Clinical information, including comorbidities, was collected from electronic medical records.@*RESULTS@#The snoring group showed a higher risk of OSA (42.9% vs. 26.8%, p = 0.039), and a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (10.2% vs. 0.8%, p = 0.007) and advanced gastric cancer (12.2% vs. 2.4%, p = 0.015) compared with the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that coronary artery disease (odds ratio [OR], 13.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 155.90; p = 0.033) and advanced gastric cancer (OR, 5.21; 95% CI, 1.01 to 26.98; p = 0.049) were significantly associated with snoring. However, a history of gastrectomy showed only a marginally significant association with snoring (OR, 2.16; 95% CI, 0.91 to 5.11; p = 0.079).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients who snore during sedative endoscopy may need to be evaluated for possible coronary artery disease.

8.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 247-257, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the trend of the prevalences of atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) from 2011 to 2016~2017 in Korea. And, the risk factors of AG and IM were compared between 2011 and 2016~2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4,023 subjects in 2011 and 2,506 subjects in 2016~2017 were enrolled. AG and IM were diagnosed on the basis of endoscopic findings. Multivariate analysis was performed for risk factors of AG and IM. Seventeen factors were analyzed. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori decreased from 2011 (59.8%; 2,407/4,023) to 2016~2017 (51.6%; 1,293/2,506; P < 0.001). The prevalence of AG decreased from 2011 to 2016~2017 (P=0.018), but that of IM increased (P < 0.001). The risk factors of AG in 2011 were male sex, old age, H. pylori immuoglobulin G (IgG) positivity, family history of gastric cancer (GC), and high-salt diet. For IM in 2011, the risk factors were male sex, old age, H. pylori IgG positivity, and family history of GC. Risk factors of AG in 2016~2017 were old age, H. pylori IgG positivity, and country of residence. For IM in 2016~2017, the risk factors were male sex, old age, family history of GC, high fasting glucose level (≥126 mg/dL), H. pylori IgG positivity, and low income level. CONCLUSIONS: The difference in prevalence trends of AG and IM between 2016~2017 and 2011 could be the result of the different risk factors of AG and IM, such as decreased prevalence of H. pylori infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diet , Fasting , Gastritis, Atrophic , Glucose , Helicobacter pylori , Immunoglobulin G , Korea , Metaplasia , Multivariate Analysis , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Gut and Liver ; : 158-164, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric juice plays a crucial role in the physiology of the stomach. The aim of this study is to evaluate associations among the pH of gastric juice, atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), pepsinogen, and Helicobacter pylori infection. METHODS: Gastric biopsies and juice were collected from 46 subjects who underwent endoscopies at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between November 2011 and March 2013. H. pylori, AG and IM were evaluated, and pepsinogen I or II, I/II ratio, and interleukin (IL)-1β levels were measured. RESULTS: The mean pH of gastric juice was higher in the H. pylori-positive group (n=17) than that in the H. pylori-negative group (n=29) (4.54 vs 2.46, p=0.002). When patients were divided into pH < 3 (n=28) and pH ≥3 (n=18) groups, H. pylori was lower in the pH < 3 group (21.4%) than in the pH ≥3 group (61.1%) (p=0.007). The pH ≥3 group demonstrated AG and IM more frequently than the pH < 3 group in the body (p=0.047 and p=0.051, respectively) but not in the antrum. There were no differences in pepsinogen I or II, I/II ratio, and IL-1β levels between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is a relationship between chronic H. pylori infection and gastric juice pH ≥3, which may originate from AG and IM in the body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Gastric Juice , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Interleukins , Metaplasia , Pepsinogen A , Physiology , Seoul , Stomach
10.
Gastrointestinal Intervention ; : 180-182, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18851

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) has been developed as an alternative drainage method in patients with malignant cystic duct obstruction. However, the procedure of track dilation is difficult in case of severe gallbladder wall thickening with tumor involvement or inflammation. The rendezvous technique via external fistulous track is considered in failed attempts to dilate an internal track between the gallbladder and the stomach/duodenum using conventional approach of EUS-GBD. This report presents a 56-year-old man with pancreatic cancer with malignant cystic duct obstruction who underwent percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage. The patient was successfully treated using rendezvous EUS-GBD technique after he failed the conventional EUS-GBD procedure of internal track dilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Cystic Duct , Drainage , Endosonography , Gallbladder , Inflammation , Methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms
11.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 108-114, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies on gut microbiota regarding colorectal carcinogenesis, including sessile serrated adenoma (SSA), have been scarce. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of mucosa-associated gut microbiota in the colorectal carcinogenesis. METHODS: We collected biopsy samples of normal rectal mucosa during colonoscopy from healthy control and patients with conventional adenoma, SSA, and colorectal cancer (CRC), respectively (n = 6). Pyrosequencing for 16S rRNA gene of bacteria was performed to compare gut microbiota. RESULTS: The most abundant phylum in total samples was Proteobacteria (55.6%), followed by Firmicutes (27.4%) and Bacteroidetes (11.6%). There was no significant difference in relative abundance of the phylum level among the four groups. Fusobacterium nucleatum, known to be frequently detected during colorectal carcinogenesis, was found in only one sample of patient with SSA. The rarefaction curves showed that the diversity of mucosal communities of patients with CRC is the lowest among the four groups and the diversity of mucosal communities of patients with SSA is higher than that of healthy control. Among the four groups, Shannon's and Simpson's index for diversity was the lowest and the highest in the patients with CRC, respectively; it did not reach statistical significance. The proportion of genus Pseudomonas was very high in the samples of patients with stage II–IV CRC compared with those with stage I CRC (59.3% vs. 0.3%, P = 0.064). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests no significant role of mucosa-associated gut microbiota in the colorectal carcinogenesis. Further study for many samples or using fecal material could be helpful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Bacteria , Bacteroidetes , Biopsy , Carcinogenesis , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Firmicutes , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Genes, rRNA , Microbiota , Mucous Membrane , Proteobacteria , Pseudomonas
12.
Korean Journal of Physical Anthropology ; : 281-288, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78859

ABSTRACT

The homeostasis of microenvironment in central nervous system, essential for normal function, is maintained by blood-brain barrier (BBB). ZO-1 in tight junctions (TJs) plays an important role in maintaining BBB endothelial ion and solute barriers. Malfunction of BBB by reactive oxygen species has been attributed to disruption of TJs. This study examined H2 O2 effects on paracellular permeability and changes in TJ protein ZO-1 using primary culture of bovine brain microvessel endothelial cells. The BBB permeability,measured as TER, increased in a dose-and time-dependent manner when treated with H2O2 (0.01, 0.1, 1.0 mM). Cytotoxicity test revealed that H2O2 did not cause cell death below 1 mM H2 O2 within 4 hr. H2O2 caused intermittent disruption and loss of ZO-1 at tight junctions, but ZO-1 maintained steady state levels of expression. In conclusion, we report that H2O2 induces increased paracellular permeability of BBB that is accompanied with alterations in localization of ZO-1.


Subject(s)
Blood-Brain Barrier , Brain , Cell Death , Central Nervous System , Endothelial Cells , Homeostasis , Microvessels , Oxidative Stress , Permeability , Reactive Oxygen Species , Tight Junctions
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