Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 96
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875472

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We investigated whether serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can predict mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). @*Methods@#This study enrolled 169 patients who underwent serum NGAL testing at CRRT initiation from June 2017 to January 2019. The predictive power of serum NGAL level for 28-day mortality was compared to the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score via area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AuROC) value. @*Results@#There were 55 survivors and 114 non-survivors at 28 days post-CRRT initiation. Median serum NGAL level was significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (743.0 ng/mL vs. 504.0 ng/mL, p = 0.003). The AuROC value of serum NGAL level was 0.640, which was lower than APACHEII score and SOFA score values (0.767 and 0.715, respectively). However, in the low APACHE-II score group (< 27.5), AuROC value of serum NGAL was significantly increased (0.698), and it was an independent risk factor for 28 day-mortality (hazard ratio, 2.405; 95% confidence interval, 1.209 to 4.783; p = 0.012). @*Conclusions@#In patients with AKI requiring CRRT, serum NGAL levels may be useful for predicting short-term mortality in those with low APACHE-II scores.

2.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836685

ABSTRACT

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, which is often related to post-infectious etiology. However, GBS has also been reported to be caused by non-infectious factors such as trauma. This report describes a rare case of post-traumatic GBS with dramatic response to immunoglobulin therapy. And here, we also discussed about the importance of differential diagnosis with critical illness polyneuropathy.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831697

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to describe the experience of providing older adult patients with transitional care from an acute care hospital to home in cooperation with a public health center, in order to present the barriers to that care and suggest better organizational methods. @*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study to show the results of the Geriatric Screening for Care-10 (GSC-10) and outcomes of transitional care. Among 659 hospitalized patients aged 65 years or above who lived in an administrative district, forty-five subjects were enrolled between June 24, 2019 and January 23, 2020. Within 48 hours of admission, using the 10 areas of GSC-10, they were assessed for cognitive impairment, depression, polypharmacy (5 or more medications), functional mobility, dysphagia, malnutrition, pain, and incontinence, and were reassessed before discharge. The transitional care plan (containing the treatment summary, the results of the GSC-10 assessment, and the post-discharge plan) was forwarded to a representative of the public health center, who provided continued disease management and various health care services, such as chronic disease and frailty care, and physical rehabilitation. @*Results@#Of all the participants, 64.4% had more than 1 GSC-10 concern. The most prevalent concerns were functional immobility (35.6%) and polypharmacy (22.2%). About 15.6% of the participants were readmitted to a nursing home or hospital. A total of 38 participants received the transitional care intervention. They received an average of 2.7 administered interventions. However, the rate of rejection was high (30.1%) and patients were visited an average of 16.5 days after discharge. @*Conclusion@#Through our experience of providing transitional care from an acute care hospital to home in cooperation with a public health center, we expect that the transitional care suitable for the Korean medical situation could be established and successful.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831339

ABSTRACT

The Korean Bronchoesophagological Society appointed a task force to develop a clinical practice guideline for tracheostomy. The task force conducted a systematic search of the Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed databases to identify relevant articles, using search terms selected according to key questions. Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading system. An external expert review and a Delphi questionnaire were conducted to reach a consensus regarding the recommendations. Accordingly, the committee developed 18 evidence-based recommendations, which are grouped into seven categories. These recommendations are intended to assist clinicians in performing tracheostomy and in the management of tracheostomized patients.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830504

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate variables for assessment of stroke-related sarcopenia that are alternative options to the current assessment for sarcopenia, which focuses on age-related sarcopenia and also has limitations in addressing sarcopenia due to weakness resulting from stroke. @*Methods@#Forty patients (17 men, 23 women; mean age, 66.9±15.4 years) with first-ever stroke who can walk independently were included. Muscle mass was determined by measuring ultrasonographic muscle thickness of vastus intermedius, rectus femoris, tibialis anterior, medial gastrocnemius, and biceps brachii muscles in addition to using the skeletal muscle index (SMI) with bioelectrical impedance analysis. Muscle strength was assessed with the Medical Research Council (MRC) sum score as well as handgrip (HG) strength. Physical performance was measured by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) along with 4-meter gait speed (4MGS). Correlations between each assessment in the three categories were analyzed and adjusted by stroke severity, comorbidity, and nutritional status. @*Results@#For muscle mass, SMI showed the highest correlation with the tibialis anterior muscle (r=0.783, p<0.001) among the other muscles. Regarding muscle strength, the MRC sum score correlated with the HG (r=0.660, p<0.001). For physical performance, the BBS correlated with the 4MGS (r=0.834, p<0.001). The same result was obtained after adjusting for factors of stroke severity, comorbidity, and nutritional status. @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that ultrasonographic muscle thickness of the tibialis anterior, the MRC sum score, and BBS might be alternatives to SMI, HG, and usual gait speed for sarcopenia in stroke patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810959

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 48/6 Model of Care is an integrative care initiative for improving the health outcomes of hospitalized older patients; however, its applicability in community-dwelling older adults as a health screening tool has not been investigated. The present study aimed to examine the applicability of this model, prevalence of dysfunction in 6 care areas, and its relationship with self-reported mobility in community-dwelling older adults.METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study of community-dwelling adults aged 65 or older. Participants were screened for problems using 9 items corresponding to the 6 care areas of the 48/6 Model of Care (cognitive functioning, functional mobility, pain management, nutrition and hydration, bladder and bowel management, and medication management). Mobility was assessed via the Life-Space Assessment (LSA). We examined the correlation between each screening item and the LSA.RESULTS: A total of 444 older adults (260 women, 58.6%) participated. The mean number of health problems was 2.3 ± 2.1, with the most common being pain, cognitive impairment, and urinary incontinence. These problems and LSA scores were significantly different by age groups. A multiple regression analysis showed that polypharmacy (β = −10.567, P < 0.001), dysphagia (β = −9.610, P = 0.021), and pain (β = −7.369, P = 0.004) were significantly associated with life-space mobility after controlling for age.CONCLUSION: The 48/6 Model of Care is applicable to community-dwelling older adults, who show high prevalence of dysfunction in the 6 care areas. This study supports the role of the model in screening for the health status of older adults living in the community, and in estimating mobility.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cognition Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies , Deglutition Disorders , Female , Humans , Mass Screening , Pain Management , Polypharmacy , Prevalence , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Incontinence
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785553

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke. The subjects of this study consisted of patients who participated in a large-scale multi-objective cohort study of initial stage stroke patients who were admitted to 9 representative hospitals in Korea. We analyzed the distribution of the subjects who had experienced stroke a year earlier by distinguishing the group who returned home and the other group that was hospitalized in rehabilitation hospitals. Based on this distribution, we evaluated the demographic, environmental, clinical, and psychological factors that can affect the return home. Overall, there were 464 subjects in the ‘Return home’ group and 99 subjects in the ‘Rehabilitation hospitalization’ group. job status, inconvenient housing structures, residential types, diagnosis, Functional Ambulation Categories, modified Rankin Scale, Korea-Modified Barthel Index, Function Independence Measure, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, EuroQol-five Dimensional showed a significant difference between the 2 groups one year after the stroke. The factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke include functional status, activities of daily living, cognition, depression, stress, quality of life, job status. It is expected that factors affecting the rehabilitation of patients with stroke can be considered as basic data for establishing rehabilitation goals and treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Aphasia , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Depression , Diagnosis , Housing , Humans , Korea , Mass Screening , Patient Discharge , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Stroke , Walking
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719299

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated the relationship between the specific functional factors potentially associated with functional level and stroke recurrence. We conducted a study of patients with noncardioembolic ischemic stroke (NCIS) to determine the functional factors affecting recurrence within the first year. METHODS: In total, 568 first-ever NCIS patients (age=65.1±17.4 years, mean±SD) were analyzed in a multicenter, prospective cohort study registered from August 2012. Demographic characteristics, past medical history, comorbidities, laboratory data, stroke features in neuroimaging, acute treatments, and medications at discharge were assessed. Functional factors reflecting gross functional impairment, ambulatory function, motor function, activities of daily living, cognition, language ability, swallowing function, mood, and quality of life were comprehensively evaluated in face-to-face assessments using standardized tools at the time of discharge. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of stroke recurrence in NCIS was 6.0% (n=34) at 1 year. The period from admission to discharge was 34.4±7.0 days. The independent predictors of stroke recurrence within 1 year in multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression analyses were 1) age [per-year hazard ratio (HR)=1.04, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.97–1.06, p=0.048], 2) Charlson Comorbidity Index higher than 2 (HR=1.72, 95% CI=1.26–2.22, p=0.016), 3) modified Rankin Scale score of 3 or more at discharge (HR=1.56, 95% CI=1.22–1.94, p=0.032), and 4) Functional Ambulation Category of 3 or less at discharge (HR=2.56, 95% CI=1.84–3.31, p=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to patient age, moderate-to-severe functional impairment requiring the help of others (especially for ambulation) at the time of discharge and the severity of comorbidity were independent predictors of stroke recurrence within 1 year of the first NCIS.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Deglutition , Disability Evaluation , Humans , Incidence , Language , Neuroimaging , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Stroke , Walking
9.
Neurointervention ; : 61-62, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741672

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Sclerotherapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Geriatric syndromes are associated with morbidity and poor quality of life (QOL). Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most prevalent geriatric syndromes. However, there is little research on the association of UI and UI-related QOL with other geriatric syndromes. We investigated the relationship between geriatric syndromes and UI according to gender and UI-related QOL among older inpatients. METHODS: This study was conducted among 444 older inpatients (aged 65 years and older) between October 2016 and July 2017. We examined geriatric syndromes and related factors involving cognitive impairment, delirium, depression, mobility decline, polypharmacy, undernutrition, pain, and fecal incontinence. UI-related QOL was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate these associations. RESULTS: Geriatric syndromes and related factors were associated with UI. Mobility decline (odds ratio [OR], 4.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.29–7.56), polypharmacy (OR, 3.35; 95% CI, 1.89–5.92), and pain (OR, 6.80; 95% CI, 3.53–13.09) were related to UI in both genders. Especially, delirium (OR, 7.55; 95% CI, 1.61–35.44) and fecal incontinence (OR, 10.15; 95% CI, 2.50–41.17) were associated with UI in men, while cognitive impairment (OR, 4.19; 95% CI, 1.14–15.44) was significantly associated with UI in women. Patients with depression were more likely to have poor UI-related QOL (OR, 8.54; 95% CI, 1.43–51.15). CONCLUSION: UI was associated with different geriatric syndromes and related factors according to gender. Care for patients with depression, related to poor UI-related QOL, should be considered in primary care to improve the UIrelated QOL of these individuals.


Subject(s)
Cognition Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delirium , Depression , Fecal Incontinence , Female , Humans , Inpatients , Logistic Models , Male , Malnutrition , Polypharmacy , Primary Health Care , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763641

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Alzheimer's continuum (a comprehensive of preclinical Alzheimer's disease [AD], mild cognitive impairment [MCI] due to AD, and AD dementia), cognitive dysfunctions are often related to cortical atrophy in specific brain regions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between anatomical pattern of cortical atrophy and specific neuropsychological deficits. METHODS: A total of 249 participants with Alzheimer's continuum (125 AD dementia, 103 MCI due to AD, and 21 preclinical AD) who were confirmed to be positive for amyloid deposits were collected from the memory disorder clinic in the department of neurology at Samsung Medical Center in Korea between September 2013 and March 2018. To analyze neuropsychological test-specific neural correlates representing the relationship between cortical atrophy measured by cortical thickness and performance in specific neuropsychological tests, a linear regression analysis was performed. Two neural correlates acquired by 2 different standardized scores in neuropsychological tests were also compared. RESULTS: Cortical atrophy in several specific brain regions was associated with most neuropsychological deficits, including digit span backward, naming, drawing-copying, verbal and visual recall, semantic fluency, phonemic fluency, and response inhibition. There were a few differences between 2 neural correlates obtained by different z-scores. CONCLUSIONS: The poor performance of most neuropsychological tests is closely related to cortical thinning in specific brain areas in Alzheimer's continuum. Therefore, the brain atrophy pattern in patients with Alzheimer's continuum can be predict by an accurate analysis of neuropsychological tests in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Atrophy , Brain , Cognition , Dementia , Humans , Korea , Linear Models , Memory Disorders , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neuroanatomy , Neurology , Neuropsychological Tests , Plaque, Amyloid , Semantics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761965

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) is one of the varieties of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. Diagnosis of idiopathic NSIP can be done via multidisciplinary approach in which the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic findings were discussed together and exclude other causes. Clinical manifestations include subacute or chronic dyspnea and cough that last an average of 6 months, most of which occur in non-smoking, middle-aged women. The common findings in thoracic high-resolution computed tomography in NSIP are bilateral reticular opacities, traction bronchiectasis, reduced volume of the lobes, and ground-glass opacity in the lower lungs. These lesions can involve diffuse bilateral lungs or subpleural area. Unlike usual interstitial pneumonia, honeycombing is sparse or absent. Pathology shows diffuse interstitial inflammation and fibrosis which are temporally homogeneous, namely NSIP pattern. Idiopathic NSIP is usually treated with steroid only or combination with immunosuppressive agents such as azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, and mycophenolate mofetil. Prognosis of idiopathic NSIP is better than idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Many studies have reported a 5-year survival rate of more than 70%.


Subject(s)
Azathioprine , Bronchiectasis , Cough , Cyclophosphamide , Cyclosporine , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Immunosuppressive Agents , Inflammation , Lung , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Pathology , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Traction
14.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 111-114, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786708

ABSTRACT

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) syndrome is a rare condition that occurs in elderly individuals. It is characterized by sudden onset of bilateral symmetrical distal tenosynovitis that accompanied by obvious swelling of the hand with pitting edema and absence of rheumatoid factor (RF). This disease entity sometimes presented as overlap syndrome with other rheumatic diseases and needed to be differentiated from those. However, if the diagnosis is confirmed, the response to steroid is good. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of RS3PE syndrome presented with bilateral hand dorsum edema in a middle-aged woman.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diagnosis , Edema , Female , Hand , Humans , Polymyalgia Rheumatica , Rheumatic Diseases , Rheumatoid Factor , Synovitis , Tenosynovitis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713159

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cerebellum has an important role in sensorimotor control including speech. Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic and rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder that presents with autonomic failure in combination with Parkinsonism or cerebellar ataxia. CASE REPORT: We report a case of MSA-cerebellum subtype associated with emergence of irreversible explosive speech following olanzapine therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Further investigation into speech problems in MSA according to subtype and disease severity is needed, and side effects of olanzapine therapy should also be considered.


Subject(s)
Antipsychotic Agents , Cerebellar Ataxia , Cerebellum , Humans , Multiple System Atrophy , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Parkinsonian Disorders
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739809

ABSTRACT

Palatal myoclonus (PM) is a rare disease that may induce dysphagia. Since dysphagia related to PM is unique and is characterized by myoclonic movements of the involved muscles, specific treatments are needed for rehabilitation. However, no study has investigated the treatment effectiveness for this condition. Therefore, the aim of this case report was to describe the benefit of combining behavioral treatment with valproic acid administration in patients with dysphagia triggered by PM. The two cases were treated with combined treatment. The outcomes evaluated by videofluoroscopic swallowing studies before and after the treatment showed significant decreases in myoclonic movements and improved swallowing function. We conclude that the combined treatment was effective against dysphagia related to PM.


Subject(s)
Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders , Humans , Muscles , Myoclonus , Rare Diseases , Rehabilitation , Stroke , Treatment Outcome , Valproic Acid
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard procedure to evaluate suspicious lymph node involvement of lung cancer because computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) have limitations in their sensitivity and specificity. There are a number of benign causes of false positive lymph node such as anthracosis or anthracofibrosis, pneumoconiosis, old or active tuberculosis, interstitial lung disease, and other infectious conditions including pneumonia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible causes of false positive lymph node detected in chest CT or PET-CT. METHODS: Two hundred forty-seven patients who were initially diagnosed with lung cancer between May 2009 and December 2012, and underwent EBUS-TBNA to confirm suspicious lymph node involvement by chest CT or PET-CT were analyzed for the study. RESULTS: Of 247 cases, EBUS-TBNA confirmed malignancy in at least one lymph node in 189. The remaining 58 patients whose EBUS-TBNA results were negative were analyzed. Age ≥65, squamous cell carcinoma as the histologic type, and pneumoconiosis were related with false-positive lymph node involvement on imaging studies such as chest CT and PET-CT. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that lung cancer staging should be done more carefully when a patient has clinically benign lymph node characteristics including older age, squamous cell carcinoma, and benign lung conditions.


Subject(s)
Anthracosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Electrons , Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Needles , Pneumoconiosis , Pneumonia , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences in subjective calcification detection rates and objective calcium volumes in lung nodules according to different reconstruction methods using hybrid kernel (FC13-H) and iterative reconstruction (IR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Overall, 35 patients with small (< 4 mm) calcified pulmonary nodules on chest CT were included. Raw data were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP) or IR algorithm (AIDR-3D; Canon Medical Systems Corporation), with three types of reconstruction kernel: conventional lung kernel (FC55), FC13-H and conventional soft tissue kernel (FC13). The calcium volumes of pulmonary nodules were quantified using the modified Agatston scoring method. Two radiologists independently interpreted the role of each nodule calcification on the six types of reconstructed images (FC55/FBP, FC55/AIDR-3D, FC13-H/FBP, FC13-H/AIDR-3D, FC13/FBP, and FC13/AIDR-3D). RESULTS: Seventy-eight calcified nodules detected on FC55/FBP images were regarded as reference standards. The calcium detection rates of FC55/AIDR-3D, FC13-H/FBP, FC13-H/AIDR-3D, FC13/FBP, and FC13/AIDR-3D protocols were 80.7%, 15.4%, 6.4%, 52.6%, and 28.2%, respectively, and FC13-H/AIDR-3D showed the smallest calcium detection rate. The calcium volume varied significantly with reconstruction protocols and FC13/AIDR-3D showed the smallest calcium volume (0.04 ± 0.22 mm³), followed by FC13-H/AIDR-3D. CONCLUSION: Hybrid kernel and IR influence subjective detection and objective measurement of calcium in lung nodules, particularly when both techniques (FC13-H/AIDR-3D) are combined.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Humans , Lung , Research Design , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714016

ABSTRACT

According to the reports presented at the second Asian Radiology Forum (ARF) 2016, organized by the Korean Society of Radiology (KSR) during the Korean Congress of Radiology (KCR) in September 2016 in Seoul, there is an increasing need for the Asian-Oceanian Society of Radiology (AOSR) and its member societies to promote radiology together in the Asian-Oceanian region. In ARF 2016, the national delegates of the Asian-Oceanian radiological partner societies primarily discussed their societies' activities and contributions in international and regional societies including AOSR, expectations for AOSR, recommendations and suggestions for AOSR, and their societies' support of AOSR.


Subject(s)
Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Humans , International Cooperation , Oceania , Seoul
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL