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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902015

ABSTRACT

Background@#Programmed death 1 inhibitors enhance pre-existing immune responses by directly blocking anti-programmed cell death receptor-1. They have been widely used these days, but little is known about the dermatologic side effects and the factors affecting the response to therapy. @*Objective@#To determine the association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic response to programmed death 1 inhibitors and to investigate the factors affecting the response to programmed death 1 inhibitors. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with melanoma who were referred to the dermatology department for their newly arising skin lesions after treatment with pembrolizumab and nivolumab from January 1, 2015, to April 30, 2019. The oncologic outcomes of the patients were determined by medical records from the hemato-oncology department. Sex, stage, dermatologic side effects, and age at the time of initial diagnosis were analyzed as the factors affecting oncologic outcomes. Progression-free survival was analyzed between the patients with and those without dermatologic side effects. @*Results@#Of the 177 patients screened for the study, 14 were referred to the dermatology department for cutaneous side effects. There was no difference between the dermatologic side effect group and the non-dermatologic side effect group in terms of oncologic outcome and progression-free survival. Sex and stage significantly increased the risk of disease progression with pembrolizumab treatment. @*Conclusion@#Although it has been reported that there could be a strong association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic outcomes, we were not able to reach the same conclusion among melanoma patients.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894311

ABSTRACT

Background@#Programmed death 1 inhibitors enhance pre-existing immune responses by directly blocking anti-programmed cell death receptor-1. They have been widely used these days, but little is known about the dermatologic side effects and the factors affecting the response to therapy. @*Objective@#To determine the association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic response to programmed death 1 inhibitors and to investigate the factors affecting the response to programmed death 1 inhibitors. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with melanoma who were referred to the dermatology department for their newly arising skin lesions after treatment with pembrolizumab and nivolumab from January 1, 2015, to April 30, 2019. The oncologic outcomes of the patients were determined by medical records from the hemato-oncology department. Sex, stage, dermatologic side effects, and age at the time of initial diagnosis were analyzed as the factors affecting oncologic outcomes. Progression-free survival was analyzed between the patients with and those without dermatologic side effects. @*Results@#Of the 177 patients screened for the study, 14 were referred to the dermatology department for cutaneous side effects. There was no difference between the dermatologic side effect group and the non-dermatologic side effect group in terms of oncologic outcome and progression-free survival. Sex and stage significantly increased the risk of disease progression with pembrolizumab treatment. @*Conclusion@#Although it has been reported that there could be a strong association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic outcomes, we were not able to reach the same conclusion among melanoma patients.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719008

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is well known that skin cancer and precancerous disease develop more frequently in patients undergoing solid organ transplantation than normal populations in the normal population in Western countries. However, to date, the clinical and demographic features of skin cancer and precancerous disease after solid organ transplantation are not established in Asian countries. We evaluated the clinical and demographic features of primary skin cancer and precancerous lesions after solid organ transplantation and compared these with the trends observed in Western countries. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent kidney, liver, heart, and lung transplantation between January 1995 and April 2017 and who developed skin cancer or precancerous lesions after transplantation. The various lesions observed were squamous and basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, Kaposi sarcoma, Bowen's disease, and actinic keratosis. RESULTS: We identified 4604 patients who received organ transplant. The mean age of patients was 44.8 years (male, 64.6%; female, 35.4%), and the sum of the person-year of observation time was 31,024 person-years. The incidence rate per 100,000 person-years was 29.01 for squamous cell carcinoma, 19.34 for basal cell carcinoma, 6.45 for malignant melanoma 3.22 for Kaposi sarcoma, and 74.17 for Bowen's disease and actinic keratosis. The incidence rate per 100,000 person-years was the highest in patients undergoing heart transplantation (610.50), followed by those who underwent kidney transplantation (136.54) and liver transplantation (90.15). Koreans showed lower incidence rates than those observed in Westerners. CONCLUSION: The incidence of primary skin cancer and precancerous lesions after solid organ transplantation in Koreans was lower than that in Westerners. Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common skin cancer in patients undergoing solid organ transplantation and the incidence rate of skin cancer and precancerous lesions was the highest in patients undergoing heart transplantation.


Subject(s)
Asians , Bowen's Disease , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Female , Heart , Heart Transplantation , Humans , Incidence , Keratosis, Actinic , Kidney , Kidney Transplantation , Korea , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Lung Transplantation , Medical Records , Melanoma , Organ Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Kaposi , Skin Neoplasms , Skin , Transplants
8.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 451-453, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716501

ABSTRACT

Drug induced lichen planus like eruption is an uncommon cutaneous adverse effect of several drugs. This appears symmetric eruption of erythematous or violaceous plaques resembling lichen planus on the trunk and extremities. A 50-year-old male presented with scaly, violaceous plaques and dusky brown macules on whole body. For four months, the patient was treated with olmutinib, an oral, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In May 2016, olmutinib received its first global approval in South Korea for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer. The biopsy specimen from the patient showed features of lichen planus. We diagnosed him with olmutinib-induced lichen planus like eruption. He was treated with oral methylprednisolone and topical desoxymethasone 0.25% ointment. At the same time, olmutinib dose was decreased to three-fourths of this patient's starting dose. After that, the cutaneous lesions improved.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Desoximetasone , Drug Eruptions , Epidermal Growth Factor , Extremities , Humans , Korea , Lichen Planus , Lichens , Male , Methylprednisolone , Middle Aged , Phosphotransferases , ErbB Receptors
10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 462-470, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86513

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated, chronic inflammatory disease affecting multiple aspects of patients' lives. Its epidemiology varies regionally; however, nationwide epidemiologic data on psoriasis depicting profile of Korean patients has not been available to date. OBJECTIVE: To understand nationwide epidemiologic characteristics and clinical features of adult patients with psoriasis visited university hospitals in Korea. METHODS: This multicenter, non-interventional, cross-sectional study recruited 1,278 adult patients with psoriasis across 25 centers in Korea in 2013. Various clinical data including PASI, BSA, DLQI, SF-36 and PASE were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,260 patients completed the study (male:female=1.47:1). The mean age was 47.0 years with a distribution mostly in the 50s (24.9%). Early onset (<40 years) of psoriasis accounted for 53.9% of patients. The mean disease duration was 109.2 months; mean body mass index was 23.9 kg/m²; and 12.7% of patients had a family history of psoriasis. Plaque and guttate types of psoriasis accounted for 85.8% and 8.4%, respectively. Patients with PASI ≥10 accounted for 24.9%; patients with body surface area ≥10 were 45.9%. Patients with DLQI ≥6 accounted for 78.8%. Between PASI <10 and PASI ≥10 groups, significant difference was noted in age at diagnosis, disease duration, blood pressure, waist circumference of female, and treatment experiences with phototherapy, systemic agents, and biologics. CONCLUSION: This was the first nationwide epidemiologic study of patients with psoriasis in Korea and provides an overview of the epidemiologic characteristics and clinical profiles of this patient population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biological Products , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Body Surface Area , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology , Female , Hospitals, University , Humans , Korea , Phototherapy , Psoriasis , Waist Circumference
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208037

ABSTRACT

Bullous pemphigoid is a rare nonhematologic autoimmune complication of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. There have been roughly 10 cases worldwide since 1974, and searches through Korean dermatological literature revealed no reported cases. A 72-year-old man had been diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and treated with chemotherapy for 7 months. After that, he was in complete remission, and the chemotherapy was discontinued consequently. One month later, multiple erythematous blisters, papules, and crusts developed on his trunk and both extremities. Histopathologic examination and immunofluorescence of the tense blister revealed a bullous pemphigoid. We present this rare case as the first documented case report of bullous pemphigoid following chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the Korean dermatological literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blister , Drug Therapy , Extremities , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Pemphigoid, Bullous , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
14.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 200-205, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25585

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous warts are a common complaint to visit dermatologic clinic and its course is variable, ranging from spontaneous resolution to a chronic condition refractory to treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of punch biopsy for cutaneous warts. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients who received punch biopsy for warts were reviewed through charts and photos. Among them, 15 were matched with cryotherapy-only controls in terms of size and location of the wart. We compared the number and cost of treatments between the two groups. RESULTS: Eleven of the total 39 patients were treated with cryotherapy in addition to punch biopsy and the average number of treatments was 4.1±3.3 (mean±standard deviation). In a case-control study, the ratio value of cost was 2.9±3.6 in the experimental group and was 5.9±4.1 in controls (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Punch biopsies can decrease the number and cost of treatment by reducing the size of warts and inducing local inflammation to accelerate resolution. Therefore, punch reduction should be considered as a viable measure to treat warts.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Cryotherapy , Humans , Inflammation , Papillomaviridae , Warts
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182977

ABSTRACT

Cryotherapy is a simple, relatively inexpensive therapeutic modality that is widely-used in clinical practice. It is especially appropriate for patients with an intolerance to anesthesia as well as high risk factors for developing hypertrophic scars after surgery. It can be applied to skin lesions located close to vital structures such as vessels and nerves. Potential side effects include pain, hemorrhage, edema, blisters, infection, hypopigmentation, and sensory damage. There are a numerous reports in the literature describing the side effects of cryotherapy. However, cases with severe complications have rarely been reported as yet. Herein, we report a case of serious complications of cryotherapy, a result of the course of treatment for linear porokeratosis.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Blister , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Cryotherapy , Edema , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypopigmentation , Porokeratosis , Risk Factors , Skin
16.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 727-737, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164332

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN), which is derived from the precursor of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, is a rare and highly aggressive hematologic malignancy. It has only recently been recognized as a distinct entity. BPDCN characteristically has a predilection for cutaneous involvement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and pathological features of BPDCN, and to review the treatment courses to analyze the prognosis and the optimal therapeutic approach. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed seven BPDCN cases registered in the Samsung Medical Center database between January 2010 and December 2014. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 52 years (range, 18~79 years), and six patients were male. The clinical staging was as follows: skin (n=5), lymph node (n=6), bone marrow (n=4), and peripheral blood (n=2). The skin manifestations were bruise-like tumefaction (n=4), erythematous nodule (n=4), or multiple erythematous papules (n=1). The pathological evaluation revealed dense diffuse or nodular infiltration of neoplastic cells, which were positive for CD4, CD56, and CD123 in the immunohistochemical analysis. Six patients received multiagent chemotherapy as the first-line treatment, alone (n=4), or followed by stem cell transplantation (SCT, n=1) or concurrent radiotherapy (n=1). The median progression-free survival after the first-line treatment was 6 months (range, 2~12 months). CONCLUSION: Three different skin manifestations were observed, with pathological features analogous to each other. All patients who received chemotherapy without SCT achieved partial or complete response but experienced relapse. Furthermore, they showed various clinical courses irrelevant to the cutaneous involvement.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Dendritic Cells , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Male , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Stem Cell Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 184-189, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8540

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The development of therapies for psoriasis has led to the need for a new strategy to the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. New consensus guidelines for psoriasis treatment have been developed in some countries, some of which have introduced treatment goals to determine the timing of therapeutic regimens for psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the opinions held by Korean dermatologists who specialize in psoriasis about treatment goals, and to compare these with the European consensus. METHODS: Korean dermatologists who specialize in psoriasis were asked 11 questions about defining the treatment goals for psoriasis. The questionnaire included questions about the factors used to classify the severity of psoriasis, defining the induction and maintenance phases of psoriasis treatment, defining treatment responses during the induction phase, and defining treatment responses during the maintenance phase. RESULTS: The Korean consensus showed responses that were almost similar to the European consensus, even without using the Delphi technique, which uses repeated rounds of questions to reach a consensus. Only one response that related to psoriasis severity in the context of the quality of patients' lives differed from the European consensus. CONCLUSION: The concept of using treatment goals in the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis can be applied to Korean psoriasis patients. Since a tool for assessing the quality of patients' lives is not commonly used in Korea, the development of a simple, rapidly completed, and region-specific health-related quality of life assessment tool would enable treatment goals to be used in routine clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Delphi Technique , Humans , Korea , Psoriasis , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-206790

ABSTRACT

Scrotal calcinosis is a relatively common tumor of the male genitalia but there is controversy in the literature regarding its pathogenesis. The authors of many case reports debate whether the lesions are truly idiopathic or if they arise from other conditions. Only few cases of scrotal calcinosis have been proven to have an eccrine origin so far. Herein, we report a case of scrotal calcinosis originating from a milium-like syringoma in a male Korean patient.


Subject(s)
Calcinosis , Genitalia, Male , Humans , Male , Scrotum , Syringoma
20.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 61-65, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48645

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired disorder characterized by a progressive loss of melanocytes, which is difficult to manage and has an unknown prognosis. The subtype of segmental vitiligo (SV) has been established but it has not been adequately characterized. OBJECTIVE: To collect long-term follow-up data for evaluating the clinical course of SV. METHODS: This study included 87 patients who were diagnosed with SV and were monitored at a clinic. Patients were classified into the following three groups according to disease activity. RESULTS: Among the patients with SV, 63.2% had stable disease, 14.9% had disease recurrence between two and four years after disease onset, and 21.8% had disease recurrence at four or more than four years after disease onset. Among the 44 patients (50.2%) who were monitored continuously over a four-year period, 19 (43.2%) experienced a recurrence at four or more than four years after disease onset. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that, contrary to previous reports, some patients with SV may not experience disease stability over an extended period of time. Disease recurrence can occur after years of stability, and we propose that long-term follow-up data can be used to characterize SV. This information about the clinical course of SV has implications for treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Melanocytes , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Vitiligo
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