Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 179
Filter
1.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 939-950, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#A protocol for using human endometrium derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to derive hematopoietic and erythroid lineages will be elaborated, through a two-phase culture system. @*METHODS@#Discarded endometrial tissues were obtained from women receiving hysterectomy in their 4th to 5th decade due to benign uterine conditions. pCE-Sox2, Oct4, Klf4, L-Myc and Lin28 episomal vectors were used to electrotransfect the endometrial stromal cells. The first 8 days involves commitment to hematopoietic stem cells through embryoid body with robust expansion on murine bone marrow stromal cells. The second phase involves feeder free conditions with hydrocortisone, stem cell factor, interleukin-3, and recombinant EPO. After 22 days of feeder free culture, the expression profiles of CD235a+ , CD34+ , CD43+ and CD 71+ were analyzed by flow cytometry and Wright-Giemsa staining for differential counting. The oxygen carrying capacity of cultured RBCs was measured using a hemoxanalyser. @*RESULTS@#As a result of inducing these cells via co-culture with murine stromal fibroblasts, all endometrium derived iPSCs were differentiated into erythroblasts with a stable yield of approximately 80% for polychromatic and orthochromatic normoblasts. The protocol for complete induction of erythroid lineage cells starting from human endometrial tissue via iPS cells has been optimized. @*CONCLUSION@#Successful directed erythroid differentiation has occurred from human endometrium-derived iPS cells. A comprehensive process of actually deriving iPS cells using discarded surgical hysterectomy specimens to the erythroid fate has significance in that the scope of using human iPSC cell lines for tissue regeneration could be expanded in the future.

2.
Korean Journal of Medical Education ; : 285-290, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002298

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigates the characteristics of different item types to assess learning outcomes and explore the educational implications that can be obtained from the results of learning outcome assessments. @*Methods@#Forty-five second-year premedical students participated in this study. Multiple choice question (MCQ) and short essay question (SEQ) scores and pass rates for 10 learning outcomes were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. @*Results@#The correlation analysis indicated that there was a significant correlation between SEQs and pass rate but there was no significant correlation between MCQs and pass rate. Some students with identical scores on the MCQs had different scores on the SEQs or on the learning outcomes. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that students’ achievement of learning outcomes can be assessed using various types of questions in outcome-based education.

3.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 826-833, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000187

ABSTRACT

Background@#The efficacy of far-infrared radiation (FIR) after rotator cuff repair has not been demonstrated yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of postoperatively applied FIR with regard to early pain, range of motion (ROM), and tendon-tobone healing after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. @*Methods@#A total of 64 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with small- to medium-sized tears were enrolled in this prospective comparative study and randomly divided into an FIR group (n = 31) and a control group (n = 33).In the FIR group, FIR using a radiator device (Aladdin-H) was applied for 30 minutes per session twice daily from the first postoperative day. This application lasted for 10 weeks during the postoperative period. Clinical outcomes were assessed using a visual analog scale for pain (pVAS) at 5 weeks and ROM at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Functional scores were evaluated at 6 months postoperatively. Healing of the repaired rotator cuff was also evaluated using ultrasonography at 3 months and magnetic resonance imaging at 6 months postoperatively. @*Results@#In both groups, clinical and functional outcomes were improved up to 6 months compared with preoperative values. At 5 weeks and 3 months postoperatively, the average pVAS was significantly lower in the FIR group than in the control group (1.7 ± 1.0 vs. 2.8 ± 1.4; p = 0.002 at 5 weeks, 2.4 ± 1.3 vs. 3.2 ± 1.8; p = 0.041 at 3 months). However, there was no significant difference in ROM, functional score, or healing rate between two groups at each follow-up time point. @*Conclusions@#The application of FIR after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair could be a safe and effective procedure to decrease postoperative pain, especially in the early postoperative period. This effective application of FIR can be considered to facilitate painless rehabilitation in the postoperative period after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

4.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 553-558, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-946186

ABSTRACT

A 65-year-old male patient with an end-stage renal disease was diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The patient complained of cough, sputum, and respiratory distress that worsened three days ago. The patient required mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal mentrane oxygenation. On day 9, convalescent plasma collected from a 34-year old man who recovered from COVID-19 45 days ago was administered. The patient showed immediate clinical improvement. However, on day 14, the patient’s clinical course worsened again. On day 19 and day 24, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteremia and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia were found. After long-term supportive care, he slowly recovered. He was discharged on day 91 without any oxygen requirement. This case report suggests that convalescent plasma therapy might just provide a short-term relief and that persistent effort for critical care is necessary to save patients from severe COVID-19.

5.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 18-23, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920274

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This work investigates the clinical characteristics of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) according to etiology by comparing idiopathic BPPV (iBPPV), BPPV occurring after head trauma (tBPPV) and BPPV associated with idiopathic sudden sensory neural hearing loss (sBPPV).Subjects and Method A total of 869 patients who were diagnosed and treated for BPPV were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into three groups according to the probable etiology of BPPV: iBPPV vs. tBPPV vs. sBPPV. We investigated and compared demographics, the affected sides and canals, the number of canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) performed to achieve successful reposition, canal conversion and recurrence among the three groups. Among the three groups, BPPV patients who performed caloric test and/or video head impulse test (vHIT) were additionally evaluated and compared. @*Results@#The iBPPV group (n=787) had greater female preponderance (72%, 567/787) than the tBPPV (n=51) and sBPPV groups (n=31, p<0.001). The mean number of CRPs needed for successful repositioning in the iBPPV group (1.40±0.03) was significantly (p<0.001) lower than that in the tBPPV and sBPPV groups (2.04±0.24 and 2.45±0.36). There was no difference between the tBPPV and sBPPV groups. Recurrence rate was not significantly different among three groups (14.6% vs. 17.7% vs. 16.2%) statistically. The presence of canal paresis and abnormal results of vHIT test were not related with a greater number of CRPs required and recurrence. @*Conclusion@#More CRPs were required for successful repositioning in the tBPPV and sBPPV patients than in the iBPPV patients and there was no difference between tBPPV and sBPPV patients. Recurrence rate was not different among the three groups. This information may be helpful for clinicians in counselling and managing BPPV patients.

6.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 388-395, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968097

ABSTRACT

Background@#The association between a history of pregnancy and liver fibrosis remains unclear. Herein, we investigated the association between reproductive factors, including a history of pregnancy and liver fibrosis, in postmenopausal Korean women. @*Methods@#This study used nationally representative, population-based data collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2017. Of 14,624 women with natural menopause, 11,085 with no previous history of any type of cancer, hepatitis, or chronic heavy alcohol consumption were enrolled. We investigated the reproductive factors, including a history of pregnancy, total reproductive years, age at menarche and menopause, and oral contraceptive use. Liver fibrosis was defined as a Fibrosis-4 index score ≥2.67 kg/m2. @*Results@#Of the study participants, 372 (3.3%) had advanced liver fibrosis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that women with a history of more than one pregnancy were associated with a lower risk of liver fibrosis compared to women who had never been pregnant, after adjusting for potential confounders (adjusted odds ratio, 0.30; 95% confidence interval, 0.15–0.59). The risk of liver fibrosis did not increase significantly with an increasing number of pregnancies (P for trend=0.135). Other reproductive factors, including total reproductive years, age at menopause and menarche, and oral contraceptive use, were not significantly associated with liver fibrosis. @*Conclusion@#Postmenopausal women who had experienced one or more pregnancies had a reduced risk of liver fibrosis. Our findings reveal a potential protective role of pregnancy against liver fibrosis.

7.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 394-400, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938735

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Airway reconstruction surgery in children is still challenging, especially in cases of combined subglottic and posterior glottic stenosis (PGS). The aim of this study was to review the underlying reasons of failure in open airway reconstruction surgeries performed for children with combined subglottic and PGS.Subjects and Method We reviewed medical records of seven children who received more than two open airway reconstruction surgeries to finally achieve and maintain decannulation status for more than one year. Twenty-two reconstructive surgeries were performed and they consisted of 19 laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR), 2 cricotracheal resection with end-toend anastomosis (CTR) and one extended CTR. For each patient, the following potential causes of failure were evaluated; preoperative evaluation (PE), type of reconstruction (TR), single vs. double staging (SDS), type of stent (TS), and perioperative optimization (PO). @*Results@#The median age of patients at the time of surgery was 32 months (range, 4-64 months). Successful decannulation was achieved after the median open surgery of three (range, 2-5 times for each patient). Recognized causes of failure were as follows: 8 insufficient PE, 10 inadequate TR, 3 improper SDS, 8 ill-chosen TS, and 2 inappropriate PO. @*Conclusion@#PE of dynamic airway is important, especially vocal fold mobility and tracheomalacia. Types of reconstruction should be carefully decided after full consideration of potential causes of failure, and adequate laryngotracheal stent is essential.

8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e230-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938059

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study was performed to evaluate etiologies and secular trends in primary amenorrhea in South Korea. @*Methods@#This retrospective multi-center study analyzed 856 women who were diagnosed with primary amenorrhea between 2000 and 2016. Clinical characteristics were compared according to categories of amenorrhea (hypergonadotropic/hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, eugonadism, disorders of sex development) or specific causes of primary amenorrhea. In addition, we assessed secular trends of etiology and developmental status based on the year of diagnosis. @*Results@#The most frequent etiology was eugonadism (39.8%). Among specific causes, Müllerian agenesis was most common (26.2%), followed by gonadal dysgenesis (22.4%). Women with hypergonadotropic hypogonadism were more likely to have lower height and weight, compared to other categories. In addition, the proportion of cases with iatrogenic or unknown causes increased significantly in hypergonadotropic hypogonadism category, but overall, no significant secular trends were detected according to etiology. The proportion of anovulation including polycystic ovarian syndrome increased with time, but the change did not reach statistical significance. @*Conclusion@#The results of this study provide useful clinical insight on the etiology and secular trends of primary amenorrhea. Further large-scale, prospective studies are necessary.

9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e224-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892353

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience high morbidity and mortality worldwide, few biomarkers are available for COPD.Here, we analyzed potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of COPD by using word embedding. @*Methods@#To determine which biomarkers are likely to be associated with COPD, we selected respiratory disease-related biomarkers. Degrees of similarity between the 26 selected biomarkers and COPD were measured by word embedding. And we infer the similarity with COPD through the word embedding model trained in the large-capacity medical corpus, and search for biomarkers with high similarity among them. We used Word2Vec, Canonical Correlation Analysis, and Global Vector for word embedding. We evaluated the associations of selected biomarkers with COPD parameters in a cohort of patients with COPD. @*Results@#Cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra 21-1) was selected because of its high similarity and its significant correlation with the COPD phenotype. Serum Cyfra 21-1 levels were determined in patients with COPD and controls (4.3 ± 5.9 vs. 3.9 ± 3.6 ng/mL, P = 0.611). The emphysema index was significantly correlated with the serum Cyfra 21-1 level (correlation coefficient = 0.219,P = 0.015). @*Conclusion@#Word embedding may be used for the discovery of biomarkers for COPD and Cyfra 21-1 may be used as a biomarker for emphysema. Additional studies are needed to validate Cyfra 21-1 as a biomarker for COPD.

10.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 380-384, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913932

ABSTRACT

Theca lutein cysts are rare, benign lesions responsible for gross cystic enlargement of both ovaries during pregnancy. This condition is also termed hyperreactio luteinalis. Elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels or states of hCG hypersensitivity seem to promote these changes, which in up to 30% of patients produce clinical signs of hyperandrogenism. Given the self-limiting course of theca lutein cysts, which are subject to spontaneous postpartum resolution, conservative treatment is the mainstay of patient management. Described herein is a rare case of theca lutein cysts with maternal virilization that failed to regress by 9 months after childbirth. Surgical intervention was eventually undertaken, necessitated by adnexal torsion.

11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e224-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900057

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience high morbidity and mortality worldwide, few biomarkers are available for COPD.Here, we analyzed potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of COPD by using word embedding. @*Methods@#To determine which biomarkers are likely to be associated with COPD, we selected respiratory disease-related biomarkers. Degrees of similarity between the 26 selected biomarkers and COPD were measured by word embedding. And we infer the similarity with COPD through the word embedding model trained in the large-capacity medical corpus, and search for biomarkers with high similarity among them. We used Word2Vec, Canonical Correlation Analysis, and Global Vector for word embedding. We evaluated the associations of selected biomarkers with COPD parameters in a cohort of patients with COPD. @*Results@#Cytokeratin 19 fragment (Cyfra 21-1) was selected because of its high similarity and its significant correlation with the COPD phenotype. Serum Cyfra 21-1 levels were determined in patients with COPD and controls (4.3 ± 5.9 vs. 3.9 ± 3.6 ng/mL, P = 0.611). The emphysema index was significantly correlated with the serum Cyfra 21-1 level (correlation coefficient = 0.219,P = 0.015). @*Conclusion@#Word embedding may be used for the discovery of biomarkers for COPD and Cyfra 21-1 may be used as a biomarker for emphysema. Additional studies are needed to validate Cyfra 21-1 as a biomarker for COPD.

12.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e20-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889698

ABSTRACT

Hemispatial neglect is a symptom where patients do not show response to stimuli on the contralesional side of their brain lesion. Although it is most common in the context of hemispheric stroke, several pathological processes including neurodegenerative disease, neoplasia, and trauma may cause this. Prevalence of hemispatial neglect is unknown and rarely reported among patients with hypoxic brain injury. Also, hemispatial neglect accompanying neglect dyslexia is rather hard to be recognized and symptoms involving numbers are exceptionally rare. We report a patient with hypoxic brain injury following cardiac arrest who showed signs of neglect dyslexia for numbers that provided a primary clue for the diagnosis of left hemispatial neglect. Early detection of different forms of cognitive dysfunction of hypoxic brain injury is highly essential in providing early neurorehabilitation for better prognosis.

13.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 344-351, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835243

ABSTRACT

Background@#The effects of far-infrared radiation (FIR) on the treatment of rotator cuff diseases remains unknown. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of FIR after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with regard to postoperative pain and healing. @*Methods@#This prospective randomized comparative study included 38 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair due to a medium-sized tear. Patients were randomly divided into the FIR or control group (n = 19 per group). In the FIR group, FIR with an FIR radiator started 1 week postoperatively for 30 minutes per session twice daily. It lasted until abduction brace weaning at 5 weeks postoperatively. We assessed pain using a pain visual analogue scale (pVAS) and measured the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder at 5 weeks, and 3 and 6 months, postoperatively. The anatomical outcome was evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging at 6 months postoperatively. @*Results@#At 5 weeks postoperatively, the average pVAS score was lower in the FIR group than in the control group (1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 2.7 ± 1.7; P = 0.019). At 3 months postoperatively, the average forward flexion was higher in the FIR group (151.6° ± 15.3° vs. 132.9° ± 27.8°;P = 0.045), but there was no significant difference at 6 months postoperatively. There was no significant difference in healing failure between the groups (P = 0.999). @*Conclusions@#FIR after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair could be an effective and safe procedure to reduce postoperative pain, thereby facilitating rehabilitation and better ROM in the early postoperative period.

14.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e31-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834447

ABSTRACT

Based on emerging data and current knowledge regarding high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing as a primary screening for cervical cancer, the Korean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology support the following scientific facts:• Compared to cytology, hrHPV screening has higher sensitivity and detects more cases of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.• Qualified hrHPV testing can be considered as an alternative primary screening for cervical cancer to the current cytology method.• The starting age of primary hrHPV screening should not be before 25 years because of possible overtreatment in this age, which has a high human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence but rarely progresses to cancer. The screening interval should be no sooner than every 3 years and no longer than every 5 years.• Before the introduction of hrHPV screening in Korea, research into comparative effectiveness of primary hrHPV screening for cervical cancer should be conducted to determine the appropriate HPV assay, starting age, and screening interval.

15.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 291-298, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833960

ABSTRACT

Background@#Muscle strength has been suggested as a cardiovascular marker. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between hand grip strength and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in the Korean population. @*Methods@#A total of 9,083 participants aged 20–80 years from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2015–2016 were investigated. @*Results@#Among men, both relative and dominant hand grip strength showed a positive association with diastolic blood pressure in those aged 65–80 years (95% confidence interval, P-value of dominant and relative hand grip strength: β=0.06, 0.01; P<0.05). Among women, relative and dominant hand grip strength showed a positive relationship to diastolic blood pressure in those aged 20–64 years (β=0.06, 0.01; P<0.001). Body mass index was positively associated with dominant hand grip strength in younger women (β=0.18, P<0.05), whereas it was positively associated with relative hand grip strength in all sex and age groups. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein showed a negative association with relative and dominant hand grip strength in all women, although the same association was observed only in younger men. Diabetes was inversely related to hand grip strength in younger women and men. @*Conclusion@#Increased hand grip strength may be associated with lower C-reactive protein in women and with less risk of diabetes in the Korean adult population. Further prospective studies are needed for the determination of causality between cardiometabolic markers and hand grip strength.

16.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 381-388, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831345

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Human amniotic membrane extract (AME) is known to contain numerous bioactive factors and anti-inflammatory substances. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of AME on the middle ear (ME) mucosa are unclear. This study assessed the effects of AME on the growth of the ME mucosa in response to bacterially-induced otitis media (OM). @*Methods@#. OM was induced by inoculating nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) into the ME cavity of rats. ME mucosal explants were cultured in AME concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 50 μg/mL. The area of explant outgrowth was measured in culture and analyzed at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after explantation. The expression of Ki-67, mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the explants was also evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunocytochemistry (ICC). @*Results@#. The NTHi-induced ME mucosa growth increased gradually over the 7-day culture period in all explants at different AME concentrations. There was a trend for mucosal growth inhibition at higher concentrations of AME, although the growth was not significantly different among the groups until day 5. The ME mucosal explants treated with the 50 μg/mL concentration of AME showed significantly suppressed growth on postexplantation day 7 compared with other explants on the same day. PCR and ICC staining revealed that the expression of Ki-67, MUC5AC, TNF-α, and IL-10 further decreased in the explants with higher concentrations of AME than in those with lower concentrations of AME. @*Conclusion@#. Our results showed that higher concentrations of AME reduced the mucosal proliferative response in bacterial OM in rats. These findings provide evidence that AME has an influence on the inflammatory and proliferative responses to NTHi infection in ME mucosa.

17.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 197-205, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831271

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to confirm the accuracy of a machine-learning-based model in predicting the 30-day mortality of patients with pneumonia and evaluating whether they were required to be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). @*Methods@#The study conducted a retrospective analysis of pneumonia patients at an emergency department (ED) in Seoul, Korea, from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017. Patients aged 18 years or older with a pneumonia registry designation on their electronic medical record were enrolled. We collected their demographic information, mental status, and laboratory findings. Three models were used: the pre-existing CURB-65 model, and the CURB-RF and Extensive CURB-RF models, which were machine-learning models that used a random forest algorithm. The primary outcomes were ICU admission from the ED or 30-day mortality. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed for the models, and the areas under these curves were compared. @*Results@#Out of the 1,974 pneumonia patients, 1,732 patients were eligible to be included in the study; from these, 473 patients died within 30 days or were initially admitted to the ICU from the ED. The area under receiver operating characteristic curves of CURB-65, CURB-RF, and extensive-CURB-RF were 0.615 (0.614–0.616), 0.701 (0.700–0.702), and 0.844 (0.843–0.845), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The proposed machine-learning models could predict the mortality of patients with pneumonia more accurately than the pre-existing CURB-65 model and can help decide whether the patient should be admitted to the ICU.

20.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 107-107, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811411

ABSTRACT

Based on emerging data and current knowledge regarding high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing as a primary screening for cervical cancer, the Korean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology support the following scientific facts: • Compared to cytology, hrHPV screening has higher sensitivity and detects more cases of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. • Qualified hrHPV testing can be considered as an alternative primary screening for cervical cancer to the current cytology method. • The starting age of primary hrHPV screening should not be before 25 years because of possible overtreatment in this age, which has a high human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence but rarely progresses to cancer. The screening interval should be no sooner than every 3 years and no longer than every 5 years. • Before the introduction of hrHPV screening in Korea, research into comparative effectiveness of primary hrHPV screening for cervical cancer should be conducted to determine the appropriate HPV assay, starting age, and screening interval.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL