Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 37
Filter
1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e383-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001169

ABSTRACT

Background@#In patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the SMART-CHOICE trial, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after three months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) achieved clinical outcomes comparable to those of 12 months of DAPT.Nonetheless, the effects of sex on these outcomes remain unknown. @*Methods@#This open-label, non-inferiority, randomized study, conducted in 33 hospitals in South Korea, included 2,993 patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents. Patients were randomly assigned to receive DAPT (aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor) for three months then P2Y12 inhibitor alone for nine months, or DAPT for the entire 12 months. The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) 12 months after the index procedure. The bleeding endpoints were Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) bleeding types 2 to 5. @*Results@#Of the patients, 795 (26.6%) were women, who were older and had a higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia than men. The sexes exhibited comparable primary endpoints (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55–1.55; P = 0.770) and bleeding endpoints (adjusted HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.63–1.81; P = 0.811). P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy vs DAPT was associated with lower risk of BARC type 2 to 5 bleeding in women (adjusted HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.16–0.98; P = 0.045) but the difference was not statistically significant when using the Bonferroni correction. The primary endpoints were similar between treatment groups in both sexes. @*Conclusion@#In both sexes undergoing PCI, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after three months of DAPT achieved similar risks of the primary endpoints and the bleeding events compared with prolonged DAPT. Therefore, the benefits of early aspirin withdrawal with ongoing P2Y12 inhibitors may be comparable in women and men.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e202-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001139

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: Fimasartan is the most recently developed, potent, and long-acting angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). However, data are limited regarding treatment effects of fimasartan in patients with heart failure. @*Methods@#Between 2010 and 2016, patients who underwent coronary revascularization for myocardial infarction (MI) with heart failure and prescription of ARB at hospital discharge were enrolled from the Korean nationwide medical insurance data. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients receiving fimasartan and those receiving other ARBs (candesartan, valsartan, losartan, telmisartan, olmesartan, and irbesartan). The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, recurrent MI, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke. @*Results@#Of 2,802 eligible patients, fimasartan was prescribed to 124 patients (4.4%). During a median follow-up of 2.2 years (interquartile range, 1.0–3.9), 613 events of the primary outcome occurred. There was no significant difference in the primary outcome between patients receiving fimasartan and those receiving other ARBs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.46–1.45). Compared with patients receiving other ARBs, those receiving fimasartan had comparable incidence of all-cause death (adjusted HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.30–1.63), recurrent MI (adjusted HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.49–3.34), hospitalization for heart failure (adjusted HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.27–1.84), and stroke (adjusted HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.18–1.96). @*Conclusion@#In this nationwide cohort, fimasartan, compared with other ARBs, had comparable treatment effects for a composite of all-cause death, recurrent MI, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke in patients with heart failure after MI.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e34-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967400

ABSTRACT

Background@#The risk of device thrombosis and device-oriented clinical outcomes with bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) was reported to be significantly higher than with contemporary drug-eluting stents (DESs). However, optimal device implantation may improve clinical outcomes in patients receiving BVS. The current study evaluated mid-term safety and efficacy of Absorb BVS with meticulous device optimization under intravascular imaging guidance. @*Methods@#The SMART-REWARD and PERSPECTIVE-PCI registries in Korea prospectively enrolled 390 patients with BVS and 675 patients with DES, respectively. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure (TVF) at 2 years and the secondary major endpoint was patientoriented composite outcome (POCO) at 2 years. @*Results@#Patient-level pooled analysis evaluated 1,003 patients (377 patients with BVS and 626 patients with DES). Mean scaffold diameter per lesion was 3.24 ± 0.30 mm in BVS group.Most BVSs were implanted with pre-dilatation (90.9%), intravascular imaging guidance (74.9%), and post-dilatation (73.1%) at proximal to mid segment (81.9%) in target vessel.Patients treated with BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF (2.9% vs. 3.7%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.283, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.487–3.378, P = 0.615) and 2-year POCO (4.5% vs. 5.9%, adjusted HR, 1.413, 95% CI, 0.663–3.012,P = 0.370) than those with DES. The rate of 2-year definite or probable device thrombosis (0.3% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.424) was also similar. The sensitivity analyses consistently showed comparable risk of TVF and POCO between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#With meticulous device optimization under imaging guidance and avoidance of implantation in small vessels, BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF and device thrombosis with DES.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 47-59, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917395

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The influence of pre-intervention coronary physiologic status on outcomes post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not well known. We sought to investigate the prognostic implications of pre-PCI fractional flow reserve (FFR) combined with post-PCI FFR. @*Methods@#A total of 1,479 PCI patients with pre-and post-PCI FFR data were analyzed. The patients were classified according to the median values of pre-PCI FFR (0.71) and post-PCI FFR (0.88). The primary outcome was target vessel failure (TVF) at 2 years. @*Results@#The risk of TVF was higher in the low pre-PCI FFR group than in the high pre-PCI FFR group (hazard ratio, 1.82; 95% confidence interval, 1.15–2.87; p=0.011). In 4 group comparisons, the cumulative incidences of TVF at 2 years were 3.8%, 4.1%, 4.8%, and 10.2% in the high pre-/high post-, low pre-/high post-, high pre-/low post-, and low pre-/low post-PCI FFR groups, respectively. The risk of TVF was the highest in the low pre-/low post-PCI FFR group among the groups (p values for comparisons 0.05). When the prognostic value of the post-PCI FFR was evaluated according to the pre-PCI FFR, the risk of TVF significantly decreased with an increase in postPCI FFR in the low pre-PCI FFR group, but not in the high pre-PCI FFR group. @*Conclusions@#Pre-PCI FFR was associated with clinical outcomes after PCI, and the prognostic value of post-PCI FFR differed according to the pre-PCI FFR.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 280-287, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926505

ABSTRACT

Several studies have shown the benefit of complete revascularization (CR) over culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD). Nevertheless, optimal strategy to select targets for non-culprit PCI has not been clarified. In this paper, we critically discuss and compare the safety and efficacy of different strategies for CR in patients with STEMI and MVD using a Bayesian network meta-analysis including all previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In Bayesian network meta-analysis of 13 RCTs, culprit-only PCI was associated with higher risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), compared with angiography-guided or fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided CR strategies. However, there was no significant difference between angiography-guided and FFR-guided CR strategies in the risk of MACE and its individual components including all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization. These evidence support that both angiography-guided and FFR-guided complete revascularization strategies would be reasonable treatment option in patients with STEMI and MVD. If the non-culprit lesion is severe on visual assessment, angiography-guided PCI can be considered. If the non-culprit lesion is intermediate in severity or unclear based on visual assessment, FFR-guided strategy can be used as a reliable and objective tool, providing similar benefits with less stents compared with an angiographyguided strategy. Further RCT is needed to evaluate direct comparison between angiographyguided and FFR-guided CR strategies in patients with STEMI and MVD. Ongoing FRAMEAMI trial (NCT02715518) will provide more evidence regarding this issue.

6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 126-139, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901599

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is an angiography-based technique for functional assessment of coronary artery stenosis. This study investigated the response of QFR to different degree of stenosis severity and its ability to predict the positron emission tomography (PET)-defined myocardial ischemia. @*Methods@#From 109 patients with 185 vessels who underwent both 13 N-ammonia PET and invasive physiological measurement, we compared QFR, fractional flow reserve (FFR) and instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) for the responses to the different degree of anatomical (percent diameter stenosis [%DS]) and hemodynamic (relative flow reserve [RFR], coronary flow reserve, hyperemic stenosis resistance, and stress myocardial flow) stenosis severity and diagnostic performance against PET-derived parameters. @*Results@#QFR, FFR, and iFR showed similar responses to both anatomic and hemodynamic stenosis severity. Regarding RFR, the diagnostic accuracy of QFR was lower than FFR (76.2% vs. 83.2%, p=0.021) and iFR (76.2% vs. 84.3%, p=0.031). For coronary flow capacity (CFC), QFR showed a lower accuracy than iFR (74.1% vs. 82%, p=0.031) and lower discriminant function than FFR (area under curve: 0.74 vs. 0.79, p=0.044). Discordance between QFR and FFR or iFR was shown in 14.6% of cases and was driven by the difference in %DS and heterogeneous distribution of PET-derived RFR and stress myocardial blood flow. @*Conclusions@#QFR demonstrated a similar response to different anatomic and hemodynamic stenosis severity as FFR or iFR. However, its diagnostic performance was inferior to FFR and iFR when PET-derived RFR and CFC were used as a reference.

7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e106-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899856

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are no data on comparison between clopidogrel monotherapy and prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients at high-risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Of 2,082 consecutive patients undergoing PCI using second-generation drugeluting stent (DES), we studied 637 patients at high-risk either angiographically or clinically who received clopidogrel longer than 24 months and were event-free at 12 months after index PCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), definite or probable stent thrombosis, or stroke between 12 months and 36 months after the index PCI. @*Results@#In propensity score-matched population (246 pairs), the cumulative rate of primary outcome was 4.5% in the clopidogrel monotherapy group and 4.9% in the prolonged DAPT group (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.54–2.75; P = 0.643). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, MI, stent thrombosis, stroke between the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. @*Conclusion@#Compared with prolonged DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy showed similar long-term outcomes in patients at high-risk after second-generation DES implantation.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 126-139, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893895

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is an angiography-based technique for functional assessment of coronary artery stenosis. This study investigated the response of QFR to different degree of stenosis severity and its ability to predict the positron emission tomography (PET)-defined myocardial ischemia. @*Methods@#From 109 patients with 185 vessels who underwent both 13 N-ammonia PET and invasive physiological measurement, we compared QFR, fractional flow reserve (FFR) and instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) for the responses to the different degree of anatomical (percent diameter stenosis [%DS]) and hemodynamic (relative flow reserve [RFR], coronary flow reserve, hyperemic stenosis resistance, and stress myocardial flow) stenosis severity and diagnostic performance against PET-derived parameters. @*Results@#QFR, FFR, and iFR showed similar responses to both anatomic and hemodynamic stenosis severity. Regarding RFR, the diagnostic accuracy of QFR was lower than FFR (76.2% vs. 83.2%, p=0.021) and iFR (76.2% vs. 84.3%, p=0.031). For coronary flow capacity (CFC), QFR showed a lower accuracy than iFR (74.1% vs. 82%, p=0.031) and lower discriminant function than FFR (area under curve: 0.74 vs. 0.79, p=0.044). Discordance between QFR and FFR or iFR was shown in 14.6% of cases and was driven by the difference in %DS and heterogeneous distribution of PET-derived RFR and stress myocardial blood flow. @*Conclusions@#QFR demonstrated a similar response to different anatomic and hemodynamic stenosis severity as FFR or iFR. However, its diagnostic performance was inferior to FFR and iFR when PET-derived RFR and CFC were used as a reference.

9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e106-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892152

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are no data on comparison between clopidogrel monotherapy and prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients at high-risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#Of 2,082 consecutive patients undergoing PCI using second-generation drugeluting stent (DES), we studied 637 patients at high-risk either angiographically or clinically who received clopidogrel longer than 24 months and were event-free at 12 months after index PCI. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), definite or probable stent thrombosis, or stroke between 12 months and 36 months after the index PCI. @*Results@#In propensity score-matched population (246 pairs), the cumulative rate of primary outcome was 4.5% in the clopidogrel monotherapy group and 4.9% in the prolonged DAPT group (hazard ratio, 1.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.54–2.75; P = 0.643). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, MI, stent thrombosis, stroke between the clopidogrel monotherapy group and the prolonged DAPT group. @*Conclusion@#Compared with prolonged DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy showed similar long-term outcomes in patients at high-risk after second-generation DES implantation.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e3-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although current guidelines recommend noninvasive stress tests prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unknown whether antecedent exercise stress test (EST) affects the outcomes of patients undergoing PCI for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes in patients undergoing elective PCI with or without EST.@*METHODS@#We studied 2,674 patients undergoing elective PCI using drug-eluting stents for SIHD. Patients were divided into the 2 groups: the test group underwent EST with a positive result within 180 days prior to PCI (n = 668), whereas the non-test group did not undergo any noninvasive stress tests (n = 2,006). The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI).@*RESULTS@#Over 5 years after the index PCI, the risk of all-cause death or MI was significantly lower in the test group than in the non-test group in overall population (3.3% vs. 10.9%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22–0.55; P < 0.001), and in propensity score-matched population (668 pairs) (3.3% vs. 6.3%; adjusted HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.30–0.89; P = 0.018). However, the incidence of any revascularization was similar between the 2 groups in overall (16.7% vs. 16.8%; adjusted HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.79–1.25; P = 0.962) and matched population (16.7% vs. 18.3%; adjusted HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.70–1.19; P = 0.509).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients who underwent elective PCI with EST had a reduced risk of all-cause death or MI than those undergoing PCI without stress tests.

11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 890-903, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833079

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Recent guideline recommends evaluation using of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients with functionally insignificant stenosis. We evaluated clinical implications of CFR and IMR in patients with high fractional flow reserve (FFR) and deferred revascularization. @*Methods@#A total of 867 patients (1,152 vessels) consigned to deferred revascularization who underwent comprehensive physiologic assessments were enrolled. Patients with high FFR (>0.80) were categorized by CFR (≤2) and IMR (≥23 U). Clinical outcome was assessed by patient-oriented composite outcome (POCO), a composite of any death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization at 5 years. @*Results@#Patients with low CFR (≤2) showed significantly greater risk of POCO than those with high CFR (>2) in both high-FFR (p=0.024) and low-FFR (p=0.034) groups. In patients with high FFR, those with low CFR and high IMR (overt microvascular disease) displayed the greatest risk of POCO overall (p=0.015), surpassing those with high CFR and low IMR (HR, 2.873; 95% CI, 1.476–5.594; p=0.002) and showing significantly greater risk of cardiac death or MI (HR, 5.662; 95% CI, 1.984–16.154; p=0.001). Overt microvascular disease was independently associated with POCO in the high-FFR population (HR, 2.282; 95% CI, 1.176–4.429; p=0.015). @*Conclusion@#Among patients with deferred revascularization, those with low CFR showed significantly greater risk of POCO than those with high CFR, regardless of FFR. In patients with high FFR, those with overt microvascular disease showed significantly greater risk of POCO and cardiac death or MI at 5-year, compared with the others.

12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 406-417, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is recommended to improve symptoms in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), improvement of exercise performance is controversial. This study aimed to investigate changes in exercise duration after PCI according to functional completeness of revascularization by comparing pre- and post-PCI exercise stress test (EST).@*METHODS@#Patients with SIHD were enrolled from a prospective PCI registry, and divided into 2 groups: 1) functional complete revascularization (CR) group had a positive EST before PCI and negative EST after PCI, 2) functional incomplete revascularization (IR) group had positive EST before and after PCI. Primary outcome was change in exercise duration after PCI and secondary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE, a composite of any death, any myocardial infarction, and any ischemia-driven revascularization) at 3 years after PCI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 256 patients (149 for CR group, and 107 for IR group) were eligible for analysis. Before PCI, exercise duration was not significantly different between the functional CR and IR groups (median 540 [interquartile range; IQR, 414, 602] vs. 480 [402, 589] seconds, p=0.091). After PCI, however, the CR group had a significantly higher increment of exercise duration than the IR group (median 62.0 [IQR, 12.0, 141.0] vs. 30.0 [−11.0, 103.5] seconds, p=0.011). The functional CR group also had a significantly lower risk of 3-year MACE (6.2% vs. 26.1%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.09–0.41; p<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Functional CR showed a higher increment of exercise duration than functional IR.

13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 119-132, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831758

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. @*Methods@#Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). @*Results@#A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. @*Conclusions@#Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e229-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831584

ABSTRACT

Background@#Limited data are available on the clinical meaning of early routine exercise treadmill testing (ETT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the drug-eluting stent era. We aimed to determine the clinical utility and implications of early routine ETT after PCI. @*Methods@#This was a single-center, prospective cohort study. A total of 776 patients underwent ETT within 3 months after index PCI were analyzed. We classified patients into ETT positive (+) and negative (−) groups and compared major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 19.6 months (interquartile range, 15.4 to 33.5 months). ETT was positive for 63 patients (17.1%) with single-vessel disease (VD) and 150 patients (36.9%) with multi-VD. Previous PCI, absence of thrombotic lesion, multi-VD, and residual Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) score > 8 were independent predictors of ETT (+). Compared with the ETT (−) group, the ETT (+) group was associated with increased risk of MACE for patients with single-VD (18.1% vs. 52.3%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10–6.49; P = 0.03) and residual SYNTAX score ≤ 8 (26.5% vs. 42.1%; adjusted HR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.09–3.30; P = 0.02), but not for patients with multi-VD and residual SYNTAX score > 8. @*Conclusion@#Early routine ETT after PCI might be helpful for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with single-VD and residual SYNTAX score ≤ 8 but not multi-VD and residual SYNTAX score > 8.

15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1055-1064, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the incremental prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in comparison toa clinical risk model (Framingham risk score, FRS) and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) for future cardiac events in ischemicstroke patients without chest pain. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study included 1418 patients with acute stroke who had no previous cardiac diseaseand underwent CCTA, including CACS. Stenosis degree and plaque types (high-risk, non-calcified, mixed, or calcified plaques) wereassessed as CCTA variables. High-risk plaque was defined when at least two of the following characteristics were observed:low-density plaque, positive remodeling, spotty calcification, or napkin-ring sign. We compared the incremental prognosticvalue of CCTA for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) over CACS and FRS. @*Results@#The prevalence of any plaque and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (stenosis ≥ 50%) were 70.7% and 30.2%,respectively. During the median follow-up period of 48 months, 108 patients (7.6%) experienced MACE. Increasing FRS, CACS,and stenosis degree were positively associated with MACE (all p 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Assessment of stenosis degree and plaque type using CCTA provided additional prognostic value over CACS andFRS to risk stratify stroke patients without prior history of CAD better.

17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e3-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although current guidelines recommend noninvasive stress tests prior to elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it is unknown whether antecedent exercise stress test (EST) affects the outcomes of patients undergoing PCI for stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes in patients undergoing elective PCI with or without EST.@*METHODS@#We studied 2,674 patients undergoing elective PCI using drug-eluting stents for SIHD. Patients were divided into the 2 groups: the test group underwent EST with a positive result within 180 days prior to PCI (n = 668), whereas the non-test group did not undergo any noninvasive stress tests (n = 2,006). The primary outcome was all-cause death or myocardial infarction (MI).@*RESULTS@#Over 5 years after the index PCI, the risk of all-cause death or MI was significantly lower in the test group than in the non-test group in overall population (3.3% vs. 10.9%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22–0.55; P < 0.001), and in propensity score-matched population (668 pairs) (3.3% vs. 6.3%; adjusted HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.30–0.89; P = 0.018). However, the incidence of any revascularization was similar between the 2 groups in overall (16.7% vs. 16.8%; adjusted HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.79–1.25; P = 0.962) and matched population (16.7% vs. 18.3%; adjusted HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.70–1.19; P = 0.509).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients who underwent elective PCI with EST had a reduced risk of all-cause death or MI than those undergoing PCI without stress tests.

18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 406-417, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is recommended to improve symptoms in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD), improvement of exercise performance is controversial. This study aimed to investigate changes in exercise duration after PCI according to functional completeness of revascularization by comparing pre- and post-PCI exercise stress test (EST).METHODS: Patients with SIHD were enrolled from a prospective PCI registry, and divided into 2 groups: 1) functional complete revascularization (CR) group had a positive EST before PCI and negative EST after PCI, 2) functional incomplete revascularization (IR) group had positive EST before and after PCI. Primary outcome was change in exercise duration after PCI and secondary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE, a composite of any death, any myocardial infarction, and any ischemia-driven revascularization) at 3 years after PCI.RESULTS: A total of 256 patients (149 for CR group, and 107 for IR group) were eligible for analysis. Before PCI, exercise duration was not significantly different between the functional CR and IR groups (median 540 [interquartile range; IQR, 414, 602] vs. 480 [402, 589] seconds, p=0.091). After PCI, however, the CR group had a significantly higher increment of exercise duration than the IR group (median 62.0 [IQR, 12.0, 141.0] vs. 30.0 [−11.0, 103.5] seconds, p=0.011). The functional CR group also had a significantly lower risk of 3-year MACE (6.2% vs. 26.1%; adjusted hazard ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.09–0.41; p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Functional CR showed a higher increment of exercise duration than functional IR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina, Stable , Exercise Test , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardial Ischemia , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Prospective Studies
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 485-494, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There are limited data regarding the clinical efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. We investigated the influence of POT on the clinical outcomes of patients with coronary bifurcation lesions.@*METHODS@#We enrolled a total of 1,191 patients with a bifurcation lesion with a side branch (SB) diameter ≥2.5 mm treated with a drug-eluting stent from 18 centers between January 2003 and December 2009. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs: cardiac death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization [TLR]). We performed one-to-many (1:N) propensity score matching with non-fixed matching ratio.@*RESULTS@#POT was performed in 252 patients. During follow-up (median 37 months), the incidence of MACE was lower in the POT group than it was in the non-POT group (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.24–0.79; p=0.006). After propensity score matching, these were 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17–0.69; p=0.003 for MACE and 0.37; 95% CI, 0.17–0.78; p=0.01 for TLR. The use of POT was associated with significantly lower TLR in patients treated without kissing ballooning, but was not in those who underwent kissing ballooning (p for interaction=0.03).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In coronary bifurcation lesions with a large SB, POT may be beneficial to improve long-term clinical outcome, particularly in patients treated without kissing ballooning during the procedure.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01642992

20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 498-510, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Aspirin plays an important role in the maintenance of graft patency and the prevention of thrombotic event after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). However, the use of preoperative aspirin is still under debate due to the risk of bleeding.@*METHODS@#From PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, data were extracted by 2 independent reviewers. Meta-analysis using random effect model was performed.@*RESULTS@#We performed a systemic meta-analysis of 17 studies (12 randomized controlled studies and 5 non-randomized registries) which compared clinical outcomes of 9,101 patients who underwent CABG with or without preoperative aspirin administration. Preoperative aspirin increased chest tube drainage (weighted mean difference 177.4 mL, 95% confidence interval [CI], 41.3–313.4; p=0.011). However, the risk of re-operation for bleeding was not different between the preoperative aspirin group and the control group (3.2% vs. 2.4%; odds ratio [OR], 1.23; 95% CI, 0.94–1.60; p=0.102). There was no difference in the rates of all-cause mortality (1.6% vs. 1.5%; OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.64–1.49; p=0.920) and myocardial infarction (MI) (8.7% vs. 10.4%; OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.66–1.04; p=0.102) between patients with and without preoperative aspirin administration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although aspirin increased the amount of chest tube drainage, it was not associated with increased risk of re-operation for bleeding. In addition, the risks of early postoperative all-cause mortality and MI were not reduced by using preoperative aspirin.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL