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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714318

ABSTRACT

Takotsubo syndrome, also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy, is a transient cardiac syndrome that mimics acute coronary syndrome. This condition should be suspected if the patient presents with chest pain after intense emotional stress, accompanied by an abnormal electrocardiogram, elevated levels of myocardial enzymes, and left ventricular apical akinesia on echocardiography. Coronary angiography should be performed for prompt differentiation from ischemic heart disease. A 77-year-old female presented with traumatic multiple fractures of the left sixth and seventh ribs resulting from a violent strike. Clinical findings of physical examination, laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and coronary angiography provided the diagnosis of Takotsubo syndrome. We performed conservative management including pain control, and the patient was uneventfully discharged seven days after admission.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Aged , Cardiomyopathies , Chest Pain , Coronary Angiography , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Female , Fractures, Multiple , Humans , Myocardial Ischemia , Physical Examination , Rib Fractures , Ribs , Stress, Psychological , Strikes, Employee , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115766

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis and its complications are often reported in patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) showing chronic inflammation. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors do not account for accelerated atherosclerosis in patients with CTDs. Inflammation, although non-traditional, is considered one of the risk factors for endothelial dysfunction, atrial stiffness, and atherosclerosis. Therefore, it is essential to evaluate other risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with CTDs. The interest in pulse wave analysis (PWA) is growing because of its predictive value for CVD. The arterial pressure waveform is a composite of an incidental wave produced by a ventricular contraction and a reflected wave. The wave reflection can be quantified using the augmentation index (AIx); it is defined as the difference between the inflection and peak systolic pressure, and expressed as a percentage of the pulse pressure. The PWA is represented by AIx. Risk score systems, such as the Framingham scoring system, were correlated with AIx. Many studies have analyzed the ability of the AIx to predict the CAD severity in the general population. In patients with CTDs, the AIx was found to increase compared to a healthy control group. The AIx was related to the activity of CTDs. The treatment for inflammation appeared to improve the AIx in some CTDs. Although more studies will be needed to obtain conclusive evidence, AIx is expected to be a prognostic factor or a risk factor for CVD in patients with CTDs.


Subject(s)
Arterial Pressure , Atherosclerosis , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Connective Tissue Diseases , Connective Tissue , Humans , Inflammation , Pulse Wave Analysis , Risk Factors
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19895

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite significant advances in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI), the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD), the most common mode of death in patients with MI, remains challenging. Furthermore, previous Korean MI registries did not address the issue of post-MI SCD. Additional risk stratifiers of post-MI SCD are still required to compensate for the limitation of using left ventricular ejection fraction to predict lethal arrhythmic events. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We designed the first Korean prospective nationwide multicenter registry primarily focused on SCD; the Korean noninvasive Risk Evaluation study for sudden cardiac DEath From INfarction or heart failurE (K-REDEFINE). The registry consists of 2 groups of patients presenting with (1) acute MI or (2) acute heart failure (HF) at 25 tertiary referral cardiovascular centers. The primary endpoint of the MI group study of K-REDEFINE registry is the incidence and risk factors of post-MI SCD. In particular, the association between the risk of SCD and non-invasive Holter-based electrocardiogram (ECG) variables will be evaluated, such as T-wave alternans (marker of repolarization heterogeneity) and heart rate turbulence/variability (a marker of autonomic function). Other secondary study outcomes include atrioventricular arrhythmias, HF-related admission, repeated myocardial ischemic events, stroke, and overall deaths. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE: The K-REDEFINE registry will provide new prospects for the better management of MI patients with high risk of SCD by clarifying the burden and predictors of SCD and the clinical utility of various non-invasive ambulatory ECG-based variables in risk stratification for SCD in this patient population.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Heart Failure , Heart Rate , Heart , Humans , Incidence , Infarction , Myocardial Infarction , Prospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Registries , Risk Factors , Stroke , Stroke Volume
4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 169-178, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221730

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A cardiologist's evaluation of psychiatric symptoms in patients with chest pain is rare. This study aimed to determine the psychiatric characteristics of patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD) and explore their relationship with the intensity of chest pain. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Out of 139 consecutive patients referred to the cardiology outpatient department, 31 with atypical chest pain (heartburn, acid regurgitation, dyspnea, and palpitation) were excluded and 108 were enrolled for the present study. The enrolled patients underwent complete numerical rating scale of chest pain and the symptom checklist for minor psychiatric disorders at the time of first outpatient visit. The non-CAD group consisted of patients with a normal stress test, coronary computed tomography angiogram, or coronary angiogram, and the CAD group included those with an abnormal coronary angiogram. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (17.6%) were diagnosed with CAD. No differences in the psychiatric characteristics were observed between the groups. "Feeling tense", "self-reproach", and "trouble falling asleep" were more frequently observed in the non-CAD (p=0.007; p=0.046; p=0.044) group. In a multiple linear regression analysis with a stepwise selection, somatization without chest pain in the non-CAD group and hypochondriasis in the CAD group were linearly associated with the intensity of chest pain (β=0.108, R2=0.092, p=0.004; β= -0.525, R2=0.290, p=0.010). CONCLUSION: No differences in psychiatric characteristics were observed between the groups. The intensity of chest pain was linearly associated with somatization without chest pain in the non-CAD group and inversely linearly associated with hypochondriasis in the CAD group.


Subject(s)
Cardiology , Checklist , Chest Pain , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Disease , Dyspnea , Exercise Test , Humans , Hypochondriasis , Linear Models , Outpatients , Psychology , Thorax
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most common causes of death in patients with heart failure (HF). However, there are no available data on SCD in previous Korean HF registries. Additionally, although widely used, the utility of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in risk stratification for SCD is limited. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Korean non-invasive Risk Evaluation study for sudden cardiac DEath From INfarction or heart failurE (KREDEFINE) is the first Korean prospective, nationwide multicenter registry, primarily focused on SCD. The registry consists of 2 groups of patients presenting with (1) acute HF or (2) acute myocardial infarction (MI) at 25 tertiary referral cardiovascular centers. Using the HF-group data of the K-REDEFINE registry, the incidence and risk factors of SCD in patients with HF will be assessed. In particular, the efficacy of Holter-based ECG variables, such as T-wave alternans (marker of repolarization heterogeneity) and heart rate turbulence/ variability (maker of autonomic function), in risk stratification for SCD will be evaluated. Other cardiovascular outcomes will also be analyzed, including atrioventricular arrhythmias, HF-related admission, stroke, and overall deaths. CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVE: The K-REDEFINE registry will pave the way for better management of patients with HF at high risk of SCD by elucidating the burden and risk factors of SCD and the clinical utility of various non-invasive ambulatory ECG-based parameters in risk stratification for SCD in this patient population.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cause of Death , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Heart Failure , Heart Rate , Heart , Humans , Incidence , Infarction , Myocardial Infarction , Prospective Studies , Referral and Consultation , Registries , Risk Factors , Stroke
6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 432-432, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43717

ABSTRACT

The first author's name was misspelled.

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 378-385, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225169

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Residual platelet reactivity in patients who are taking clopidogrel is commonly measured with VerifyNow assay, which is based on the principle of light transmission aggregometry. However, to evaluate the residual platelet reactivity, it would be more accurate if the reactivity of platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa is directly monitored. In this study, PAC1, a monoclonal antibody against activated platelet GP IIb/IIIa, was used to measure the residual platelet reactivity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty seven patients with coronary artery disease taking clopidogrel were enrolled. Platelets in whole blood were stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugated PAC1. Mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) and % positive platelets (PP) were measured with flow cytometry, and the binding index (BI; MFI x %PP/100) was calculated. P2Y12 reaction unit (PRU) and % inhibition of VerifyNow assay were also measured in the usual manner. RESULTS: PRU of VerifyNow assay correlated significantly with MFI, %PP, and BI at 10 microM (r=0.59, 0.73, and 0.60, respectively, all p<0.005) and 20 microM of adenosine diphosphate (ADP; r=0.61, 0.75, and 0.63, respectively, all p<0.005). The % inhibition also correlated significantly with MFI, %PP, and BI at 10 microM (r=-0.60, -0.69, and -0.59, respectively, all p<0.005) and 20 microM of ADP (r=-0.63, -0.71, and -0.62, respectively, all p<0.005). CONCLUSION: Direct measurements of the reactivity of platelet GP IIb/IIIa were feasible using PAC1 and flow cytometry in patients taking clopidogrel. Further clinical studies are required to determine the cut-off values which would define high residual platelet reactivity in patients on this treatment protocol.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Diphosphate , Blood Platelets , Coronary Artery Disease , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescein , Fluorescence , Glycoproteins , Humans , Platelet Function Tests
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173128

ABSTRACT

There has been a controversy over data of thrombolytic and endovascular surgical treatment about cerebral infarction secondary to infective endocarditis. We report a woman who received early mechanical embolectomy as a treatment of acute stroke with infective endocarditis. A 35-yr-old woman was hospitalized due to right hemiparesis. Brain image showed cerebral infarction at the middle cerebral artery and echocardiography demonstrated vegetation at the mitral valve. She was successfully treated with embolectomy and parenteral antibiotics without any neurologic sequelae. This report shows that the early retrieve of septic cerebral emboli can be a helpful treatment of acute stroke associated with endocarditis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Cerebral Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Embolectomy , Endocarditis/complications , Female , Humans , Intracranial Embolism/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging , Streptococcus/isolation & purification , Stroke/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 747-749, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113382

ABSTRACT

A retrograde approach through the collateral channels was recently proposed as one of the most promising current techniques for percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion in coronary arteries (CTO). This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man in whom CTO was successfully crossed with a wire by the retrograde approach using septal collateral, but the patient suffered from a complication with septal myocardial infarction demonstrated by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Occlusion , Coronary Vessels , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Magnetics , Magnets , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 750-753, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113381

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis generally affects the respiratory tract. In developing nations, the pericardium is the most common location of extrapulmonary tuberculosis; however, tuberculous pericarditis rarely appears as a localized mass or tuberculoma. We present here a case of a 62-year-old woman with pericardial tuberculoma. She had a history of effusive tuberculous pericarditis and drainage. Because she had taken regular medication over a period of six months, the pericardial mass with an adjacent lung nodule newly detected on the chest radiogram was initially suspected of being invasive lung cancer. Prior to pathologic confirmation, precise information from imaging tests, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography are helpful when making decisions regarding which methods should be used for surgical approach and treatment. Through imaging, our case showed typical features of pericardial tuberculoma and a favorable clinical course after two months with a change in antituberculous therapy.


Subject(s)
Developing Countries , Drainage , Electrons , Female , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Pericarditis, Tuberculous , Pericardium , Respiratory System , Thorax , Tuberculoma , Tuberculosis
13.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 629-631, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173658

ABSTRACT

Postprandial hypotension (PPH) has not been described as a cause of hypotension after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the intensive care unit (ICU). A 74 year old man underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) due to monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. After the ROSC, inotropic agents were not reduced but increased. PPH had occurred, according to the flow sheet, so a provocation test was performed. We noted hypotension but no serum hypoglycemia or tachycardia. The hypotension was diagnosed as PPH. We chose acarbose for treatment; thus, the inotropic agents were discontinued. This is the first case in which hypotension occurred in a patient recovering after CPR in the ICU and that the PPH was treated with acarbose. PPH should be considered and treated to manage hypotension in elderly patients in the ICU.


Subject(s)
Acarbose , Aged , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Hypotension , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Postprandial Period , Tachycardia , Tachycardia, Ventricular
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 391-398, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9275

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The reliability and usefulness of the right ventricular (RV) Tei index (RTX) remains controversial because it has not been possible to simultaneously measure RV inflow and outflow. However, dual pulsed-wave Doppler (DPD) enables flow velocities to be obtained at different sampling sites simultaneously. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and reliability of RTX values obtained by DPD (RTX(DPD)). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients who underwent cardiac catheterization and echocardiography for RV volume or pressure overloading conditions were evaluated. Symptom-limited exercise treadmill testing with expired gas analysis was performed and maximal exercise capacity was measured. RESULTS: RTX by conventional flow Doppler (RTX(CFD), 0.262+/-0.164) was similar to RTX(DPD) (0.253+/-0.117, p=NS), whereas RTX by tissue Doppler echocardiography (RTX(TDE), 0.447+/-0.125) was significantly larger than RTX(DPD) (p<0.001). Based on multiple regression analysis, maximal exercise capacity was independently related to RTX(DPD) (beta=-0.60, p<0.001), mid-RV dimension (beta=-0.26, p=0.012), left ventricular ejection fraction (beta=0.22, p=0.023), and early diastolic tricuspid annular velocity (beta=0.21, p=0.048). CONCLUSION: It is feasible and reliable to evaluate RV function using RTX(DPD) values. However, to evaluate the clinical usefulness of RTX(DPD), additional studies are required with a large number of patients and long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiac Catheters , Echocardiography , Echocardiography, Doppler , Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed , Exercise Test , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Right
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720811

ABSTRACT

Congenital hemolytic anemia is mainly developed due to intrinsic defects of erythrocytes, but in some cases the cause of hemolytic anemia is unclear. Gilbert's syndrome shows mild, chronic unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia that is due to reduced UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT-1A1) activity and this develops because of UGT-1A1 gene mutation. We report here on a case of severe hyperbilirubinemia in a 17-year-old male who was diagnosed with congenital hemolytic anemia of an unknown cause combined with Gilbert's syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia, Hemolytic , Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital , Erythrocytes , Gilbert Disease , Glucuronosyltransferase , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Male
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197981

ABSTRACT

In acute colonic pseudo-obstruction(Ogilvie's syndrome, 1948), there is no distal obstruction but colonic obstruction symptom and distended colon is shown radiologicaly and clinically. The etiology of this syndrome are complex of any medical and surgical problem. Elderly patients who are undergoing CAPD have multiple medical problems. But among them only one case which was diagnosed with this syndrome was reported in Korea. Neostigmine is unstable medicine due to muscarinic effects if neostigmine(anticholinesterase inhibitor) has side effects to the CAPD patients with multiple medical problems, it can be fatal. We use pyridostigmine, which has less muscarinic effect, and has similiar potency compared to neostigmine to acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, and thus achieved radiological improvement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cholinergic Agents , Colon , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction , Humans , Korea , Neostigmine , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory , Pyridostigmine Bromide
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