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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 259-268, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913836

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We performed this study to determine whether the degree of neutropenia after the first chemotherapy cycle can be used as a surrogate marker of individual susceptibility to chemotherapeutic agents affecting treatment outcome in patients with neuroblastoma. @*Materials and Methods@#The study included 313 patients who received the first cycle chemotherapy with a CEDC (cisplatin+etoposide+doxorubicin+cyclophosphamide) regimen and had absolute neutrophil count (ANC) data available. The cumulative incidences of progression and treatment-related mortality (TRM) were estimated. To identify genetic variations associated with the ANC, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed. @*Results@#An ANC of 32.5/μL was determined as the cutoff point to categorize patients into the good and poor prognosis subgroups in terms of progression. Patients with a high nadir ANC had a higher cumulative incidence of progression than those with a low nadir ANC (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, high nadir ANC, age, bone marrow involvement, and unfavorable histology were poor prognostic factors. With regard to the TRM, patients with a low nadir ANC (ANC < 51.0/μL) had a higher cumulative incidence of TRM than those with a high nadir ANC (p=0.010). In GWAS, single-nucleotide polymorphisms of LPHN2 and CRHR1 were significantly associated with the nadir ANC. @*Conclusion@#In neuroblastoma patients, the degree of neutropenia after the first chemotherapy cycle can be used as a surrogate marker to predict an individual’s susceptibility to chemotherapeutic agents. Tailoring of treatment based on the degree of neutropenia needs to be considered.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1251-1261, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831133

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid tumor found in children. To identify significant genetic factors for the risk of NB, several genetic studies was conducted mainly for Caucasians and Europeans. However, considering racial differences, there is a possibility that genetic predispositions that contribute to the development of NB are different, and GWAS study has not yet been conducted on Korean NB patients. @*Materials and Methods@#To identify the genetic variations associated with the risk of pediatric NB in Korean children, we performed a genome-wide association analysis with 296 NB patients and 1000 unaffected controls (total n = 1,296) after data cleaning and filtering as well as imputation of non-genotyped SNPs using IMPUTE v2.3.2. @*Results@#After adjusting for multiple comparisons, we found 21 statistically significant SNPs associated with the risk of NB (Pcorr < 0.05) within 12 genes (RPTN, MRPS18B, LRRC45, KANSL1L, ARHGEF40, IL15RA, L1TD1, ANO7, LAMA5, OR7G2, SALL4, and NEUROG2). Interestingly, out of these, 12 markers were nonsynonymous SNPs. The SNP rs76015112 was most significantly associated with the risk of NB (p = 8.1E-23, Pcorr = 2.3E-17) and was located in the RPTN gene. In addition, significant nonsynonymous SNPs in ADGRE1 were found in patients with MYCN amplification (rs7256147, p = 2.6E-05). In high-risk group, rs7256147 was observed as a significant SNP (p = 5.9E-06). @*Conclusion@#Our findings might facilitate improved understanding of the mechanism of pediatric NB pathogenesis. However, functional evaluation and replication of these results in other populations are still needed.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 41-50, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831089

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panels for solid tumors have been useful in clinical framework for accurate tumor diagnosis and identifying essential molecular aberrations. However, most cancer panels have been designed to address a wide spectrum of pan-cancer models, lacking integral prognostic markers that are highly specific to gliomas. @*Materials and Methods@#To address such challenges, we have developed a glioma-specific NGS panel, termed “GliomaSCAN,” that is capable of capturing single nucleotide variations and insertion/deletion, copy number variation, and selected promoter mutations and structural variations that cover a subset of intron regions in 232 essential glioma-associated genes. We confirmed clinical concordance rate using pairwise comparison of the identified variants from whole exome sequencing (WES), immunohistochemical analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization. @*Results@#Our panel demonstrated high sensitivity in detecting potential genomic variants that were present in the standard materials. To ensure the accuracy of our targeted sequencing panel, we compared our targeted panel to WES. The comparison results demonstrated a high correlation. Furthermore, we evaluated clinical utility of our panel in 46 glioma patients to assess the detection capacity of potential actionable mutations. Thirty-two patients harbored at least one recurrent somatic mutation in clinically actionable gene. @*Conclusion@#We have established a glioma-specific cancer panel. GliomaSCAN highly excelled in capturing somatic variations in terms of both sensitivity and specificity and provided potential clinical implication in facilitating genome-based clinical trials. Our results could provide conceptual advance towards improving the response of genomically guided molecularly targeted therapy in glioma patients.

4.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 58-63, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41694

ABSTRACT

The tyrosine-protein kinase Tec (TEC) is a member of non-receptor tyrosine kinases and has critical roles in cell signaling transmission, calcium mobilization, gene expression, and transformation. TEC is also involved in various immune responses, such as mast cell activation. Therefore, we hypothesized that TEC polymorphisms might be involved in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) pathogenesis. We genotyped 38 TEC single nucleotide polymorphisms in a total of 592 subjects, which comprised 163 AERD cases and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma controls. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the associations between TEC polymorphisms and the risk of AERD in a Korean population. The results revealed that TEC polymorphisms and major haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD. In another regression analysis for the fall rate of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) by aspirin provocation, two variations (rs7664091 and rs12500534) and one haplotype (TEC_BL2_ht4) showed nominal associations with FEV1 decline (p = 0.03-0.04). However, the association signals were not retained after performing corrections for multiple testing. Despite TEC playing an important role in immune responses, the results from the present study suggest that TEC polymorphisms do not affect AERD susceptibility. Findings from the present study might contribute to the genetic etiology of AERD pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Asthma , Calcium , Forced Expiratory Volume , Gene Expression , Haplotypes , Logistic Models , Mast Cells , Phosphotransferases , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Tyrosine
5.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 142-148, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has recently been observed to activate NF-kappaB and induce inflammatory responses such as asthma. Activating transcription factor 6beta (ATF6B) is known to regulate ATFalpha-mediated ER stress response. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations of ATF6B genetic variants with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) and its major phenotype, % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation. METHODS: Four common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ATF6B were genotyped and statistically analyzed in 93 AERD patients and 96 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) as controls. RESULTS: Logistic analysis revealed that 2 SNPs (rs2228628 and rs8111, P=0.008; corrected P=0.03) and 1 haplotype (ATF6B-ht4, P=0.005; corrected P=0.02) were significantly associated with % decline of FEV1 by aspirin provocation, whereas ATF6B polymorphisms and haplotypes were not associated with the risk of AERD. CONCLUSIONS: Although further functional and replication studies are needed, our preliminary findings suggest that ATF6B may be related to obstructive phenotypes in response to aspirin exposure in adult asthmatics.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Aspirin , Asthma , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Haplotypes , Methods , NF-kappa B , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transcription Factors
6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 99-106, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies suggest that the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) gene could be an important candidate gene for schizophrenia. According to linkage studies, this gene is located on chromosome 6q14-q15, which is known to harbor the schizophrenia susceptibility locus (locus 5, SCZ5, OMIM 803175). The pharmacological agent delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) seems to elicit the symptoms of schizophrenia. The association between CNR1 polymorphisms and schizophrenia is actively being investigated, and some studies have linked the AAT-trinucleotide repeats in CNR1 to the onset of schizophrenia. In this study, we have investigated the association between the AAT-trinucleotide repeats in CNR1 and schizophrenia by studying schizophrenia patients and healthy individuals from Korea. METHODS: DNA was extracted from the blood samples of 394 control subjects and 337 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria). After polymerase chain reaction amplification, a logistic regression analysis, with age and gender as the covariates, was performed to study the variations in the AAT-repeat polymorphisms between the two groups. RESULTS: In total, 8 types of trinucleotide repeats were identified, each containing 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15 repeats, respectively. (AAT)13 allele was most frequently observed, with a frequency of 33.6% and 31.6% in the patient and control groups, respectively. The frequency of the other repeat alleles in the patient group (in the decreasing order) was as follows : (AAT)13 33.6%, (AAT)14 21.6%, (AAT)12 18.5%, and (AAT)7 11.1%. The frequency of the repeat alleles in the control group (in the decreasing order) was as follows : (AAT)13 31.6%, (AAT)14 24.5%, (AAT)12 17.2%, and (AAT)7 11.6%. However, there were no significant differences in the AAT-repeat polymorphisms of the CNR1 gene between the patient group and the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Although our study revealed no significant association of the AAT-repeat polymorphism of the CNR1 gene with schizophrenia, it will serve as a good reference for future studies designed to examine the cannabinoid hypothesis of schizophrenia.

7.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 34-41, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48735

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) results in a severe asthma attack after aspirin ingestion in asthmatics. The filamin A interacting protein 1 (FILIP1) may play a crucial role in AERD pathogenesis by mediating T cell activation and membrane rearrangement. We investigated the association of FILIP1 variations with AERD and the fall rate of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). METHODS: A total of 34 common FILIP1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 592 Korean asthmatic subjects that included 163 AERD patients and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. RESULTS: This study found that 5 SNPs (P=0.006-0.01) and 2 haplotypes (P=0.01-0.03) of FILIP1 showed nominal signals; however, corrections for the multiple testing revealed no significant associations with the development of AERD (P corr>0.05). In addition, association analysis of the genetic variants with the fall rate of FEV1, an important diagnostic marker of AERD, revealed no significant evidence (P corr>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although further replications and functional evaluations are needed, our preliminary findings suggest that genetic variants of FILIP1 might be not associated with the onset of AERD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspirin , Asthma , Contractile Proteins , Eating , Forced Expiratory Volume , Haplotypes , Hypersensitivity , Membranes , Microfilament Proteins , Negotiating , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 343-349, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143936

ABSTRACT

Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and aspirin hypersensitivity. The aspirin-induced bronchospasm is mediated by mast cell and eosinophilic inflammation. Recently, it has been reported that the expression of discoidin, CUB and LCCL domain-containing protein 2 (DCBLD2) is up-regulated in lung cancers and is regulated by transcription factor AP-2 alpha (TFAP2A), a component of activator protein-2 (AP-2) that is known to regulate IL-8 production in human lung fibroblasts and epithelial cells. To investigate the associations between AERD and DCBLD2 polymorphisms, 12 common variants were genotyped in 163 AERD subjects and 429 aspirin tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. Among these variants, seven SNPs (rs1371687, rs7615856, rs828621, rs828618, rs828616, rs1062196, and rs8833) and one haplotype (DCBLD2-ht1) show associations with susceptibility to AERD. In further analysis, this study reveals significant associations between the SNPs or haplotypes and the percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) decline following aspirin challenge using multiple linear regression analysis. Furthermore, a non-synonymous SNP rs16840208 (Asp723Asn) shows a strong association with FEV1 decline in AERD patients. Although further studies for the non-synonymous Asp723Asn variation are needed, our findings suggest that DCBLD2 could be related to FEV1-related phenotypes in asthmatics.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alleles , Asian People/genetics , Aspirin/adverse effects , Asthma, Aspirin-Induced/etiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/drug effects , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Regression Analysis , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors
9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 343-349, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143929

ABSTRACT

Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and aspirin hypersensitivity. The aspirin-induced bronchospasm is mediated by mast cell and eosinophilic inflammation. Recently, it has been reported that the expression of discoidin, CUB and LCCL domain-containing protein 2 (DCBLD2) is up-regulated in lung cancers and is regulated by transcription factor AP-2 alpha (TFAP2A), a component of activator protein-2 (AP-2) that is known to regulate IL-8 production in human lung fibroblasts and epithelial cells. To investigate the associations between AERD and DCBLD2 polymorphisms, 12 common variants were genotyped in 163 AERD subjects and 429 aspirin tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. Among these variants, seven SNPs (rs1371687, rs7615856, rs828621, rs828618, rs828616, rs1062196, and rs8833) and one haplotype (DCBLD2-ht1) show associations with susceptibility to AERD. In further analysis, this study reveals significant associations between the SNPs or haplotypes and the percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) decline following aspirin challenge using multiple linear regression analysis. Furthermore, a non-synonymous SNP rs16840208 (Asp723Asn) shows a strong association with FEV1 decline in AERD patients. Although further studies for the non-synonymous Asp723Asn variation are needed, our findings suggest that DCBLD2 could be related to FEV1-related phenotypes in asthmatics.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alleles , Asian People/genetics , Aspirin/adverse effects , Asthma, Aspirin-Induced/etiology , Forced Expiratory Volume/drug effects , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Regression Analysis , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors
10.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 199-205, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74806

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The human WD repeat-containing protein 46 (WDR46; also known as C6orf11), located at the disease-relevant centromere side of the class II major histocompatibility complex region, is hypothesized to be associated with risk of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) as well as a decline in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), an important diagnostic marker of asthma. METHODS: To investigate the association between WDR46 and AERD, five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 93 AERD cases and 96 aspirin-tolerant asthma controls of Korean ethnicity. Three major haplotypes were inferred from pairwise comparison of the SNPs, and one was included in the association analysis. Differences in the frequency distribution of WDR46 SNPs and haplotype were analyzed using logistic and regression models via various modes of genetic inheritance. RESULTS: Depending on the genetic model, the logistic and regression analyses revealed significant associations between rs463260, rs446735, rs455567, rs469064, and WDR46_ht2 and the risk of AERD (P=0.007-0.04, Pcorr=0.01-0.04) and FEV1 decline after aspirin provocation (P=0.006-0.03, Pcorr=0.01-0.03). Furthermore, functional analysis in silico showed that the G>A allele of rs463260 located in the 5' untranslated region potentially matched a nucleotide sequence within an upstream open reading frame of WDR46. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show for the first time that WDR46 is an important genetic marker of aspirin-induced airway inflammation and may be useful for formulating new disease-management strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , 5' Untranslated Regions , Alleles , Aspirin , Asthma , Base Sequence , Centromere , Computer Simulation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Genetic Markers , Haplotypes , Inflammation , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Models, Genetic , Open Reading Frames , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors
11.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 128-133, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Located on chromosome 10q22-q23, the human neuregulin 3 (NRG3) is suggested as a strong positional and functional candidate gene involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Several case-control studies examining the association between polymorphisms on NRG3 gene with schizophrenia and/or its traits (such as delusion) have been reported recently in cohorts of Han Chinese, Ashkenazi Jews, Australians, white Americans of Western European ancestry and Koreans. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the association of one SNP in exon 9 (rs2295933) of NRG3 gene with the risk of schizophrenia in a Korean population. METHODS: Using TaqMan assay, rs2295933 in the exon 9 of NRG3 was genotyped in 435 patients with schizophrenia as cases and 393 unrelated healthy individuals as controls. Differences in frequency distributions were analyzed using logistic regression models following various modes of genetic inheritance and controlling for age and sex as covariates. RESULTS: Subsequent analysis revealed that the frequency distribution of rs2295933 of NRG3 was not different between schizophrenia patients and healthy controls of Korean ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the role of NRG3 in schizophrenia in a Korean population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Exons , Jews , Logistic Models , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Schizophrenia , Wills
12.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 1-8, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190605

ABSTRACT

Serpin peptidase inhibitor, Clade B (ovalbumin), Member 5 (SERPINB5), also known as maspin, is a potent tumor suppressor gene. It has correlations with many tumor cells, from pancreas cancer to breast cancer, so it is possible that it may also affect liver cancer. There has also been a report that SERPINB12, a gene placed right next to SERPINB5, is expressed in liver. For this study, 32 polymorphisms were identified in SERPINB5 by direct DNA sequencing, and 11 of them were selected to be tested with a larger scale subjects. The association of the 11 SERPINB5 polymorphisms with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence and the onset age of HCC were analyzed. There were no significant associations found between 11 SERPINB5 polymorphisms and HBV clearance. In the case of HCC occurrence, one of the haplotypes (ht) showed association with HCC occurrence (OR=2.26, p=0.005, P(Cor)=0.05), albeit with a low statistical power (40.8%) and haplotype frequency (0.052). Further study with a bigger sample size will be needed to clearly verify the association between ht5 and HCC occurrence.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Genes, vif , Haplotypes , Hepatitis B virus , Liver , Liver Neoplasms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Sample Size , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Serpins
13.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 9-18, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190604

ABSTRACT

Integrins are transmembrane receptor proteins that mediate cell-cell adhesion and cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion. The deregulation of cell-ECM adhesion and the abnormal expression of beta1 (beta1) integrins (ITGB1s) are involved in tumor development and metastasis. In the liver, the expression of integrins and ECM proteins can be a cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We performed direct DNA sequencing of 24 individuals, and identified 23 sequence variants of ITGB1 polymorphisms. Among these 23 variants, 7 common variants were selected based on frequencies and linkage disequilibrium, and then genotyped in a larger-scale group of subjects (n=1,103). The genetic associations of ITGB1 polymorphisms with the clearance of HBV and HCC outcome of HBV patients were analyzed using logistic regression models and Cox relative hazard models. Although there was no significant association observed between the polymorphisms and the HCC outcome of HBV patients, the second most common haplotype (ITGB1 haplotype-2 [C-C-C-C-T-C-T]) was putatively associated with HBV clearance (OR=0.75, p=0.008 and P(corr)=0.05). The minor allele frequency (MAF) of ITGB1 haplotype-2 of the spontaneously recovered (SR) group was significantly higher than that of the chronic carrier group (CC) (freq. = 0.248 vs. 0.199). The information derived from this study could be valuable for understanding the genetic factors involved in the clearance of HBV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Gene Frequency , Haplotypes , Integrins , Linkage Disequilibrium , Liver , Logistic Models , Neoplasm Metastasis , Proportional Hazards Models , Proteins , Sequence Analysis, DNA
14.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 195-202, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86743

ABSTRACT

BIRC5 (Survivin) belongs to the inhibitor of apoptosis gene family. The BIRC5 protein inhibits caspases and consequently blocks apoptosis. Thus, BIRC5 contributes to the progression of cancer allowing for continued cell proliferation and survival. In this study, we identified eight sequence variants of BIRC5 through direct DNA sequencing. Among the eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), six common variants with frequencies higher than 0.05 were selected for larger-scale genotyping (n=1,066). Results of the study did not show any association between the promoter region polymorphisms and the clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence. This is in line with a previous study in which polymorphisms in the promoter region does not influence the function of BIRC5. Initially, we were able to detect a signal with the +9194A>G, which disappeared after multiple corrections but led to a change in amino acid. Similarly, we were also able to detect an association signal between two haplotypes (haplotype-2 and haplotype- 5) on the onset age of HCC and/or HCC occurrence, but the signals also disappeared after multiple corrections. As a result, we concluded that there was no association between BIRC5 polymorphisms and the clearance HBV infection and/or HCC occurrence. However, our results might useful to future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Age of Onset , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Caspases , Cell Proliferation , Haplotypes , Hepatitis B virus , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Sequence Analysis, DNA
15.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2007; 16 (2): 142-146
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-84462

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between genetic variation in the renin-angiotensin system and the effect of 12-week endurance training in Korean women. Seventeen women who participated in an endurance training program for 12 weeks were genotyped for the angiotensinogen M235T polymorphism, angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C polymorphism, angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] T-3892C polymorphism, and angiotensin II type 2 receptor C3123A polymorphism. The following clinical parameters were measured before and after the endurance training program: blood pressure, body composition, ventilatory response, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and glucose. Of the genetic markers investigated, the frequency of the T allele for the ACE T-3892C polymorphism was significantly associated with the response in body mass index and VO[2max] after 12 weeks of endurance training [p< 0.05]. None of the other polymorphisms were significantly associated with the effect of training. The significant association between ACE T-3892C and the change in body mass index and VO[2max] in Korean women are attributed to training, suggesting that this genetic variation is a useful genetic marker for clarifying the interindividual response to endurance training


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Physical Endurance , Polymorphism, Genetic
16.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2003; 12 (3): 151-155
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-63878

ABSTRACT

To investigate protein polymorphism of the haptoglobin [Hp] and the relationship between Hp phenotypes and anthropometric or biochemical parameters in elite Korean male athletes. Materials and Serum samples were collected from 120 Korean male elite athletes. The Hp phenotypes were determined by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, followed by peroxidase staining. Then anthropometric or biochemical measurements were made: body composition, blood pressures, ventilatory responses, cholesterol [total, LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol], triglyceride, apolipoprotein A1, lipoprotein [a], creatine phosphokinase and lactate dehydrogenase. The gene frequencies of the Hp1-1, Hp2-1 and Hp2-2 phenotypes in Korean male athletes were 12, 37 and 51%, respectively; this polymorphism was significantly associated with the VO2max index in the athletes. An excess of the Hp1 allele was also observed in marathon runners compared with the other sporting activities, although it did not have any statistical significance. Hp polymorphism exists in elite Korean male athletes and Hp phenotype may be a useful marker for endurance performance in these male athletes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Proteins/genetics , Sports
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