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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of autophagy inhibitor ROC-325 and its combination with bortezomib on the proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of multiple myeloma cell lines.@*METHODS@#Multiple myeloma cells were treated with ROC-325 at different concentration. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8. Apoptosis was determined by Caspase-3/7 and Caspase-9 activity assays. Autophagy was detected by monodansylcadaverine staining. The apoptosis-related proteins (PARP and Caspase-3) and autophagy-related proteins (P62, Beclin-1, and LC3A/B) were analyzed by Western blot. The combined effect with bortezomib on bortezomib-resistant cell line was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#ROC-325 inhibited the proliferation of RPMI 8226, RPMI 8226-BTZ100, U266 and IM9 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=-0.8275, r=-0.9079, r=-0.9422, r=-0.9305), the 72 h IC@*CONCLUSION@#ROC-325 can inhibit the proliferation, induce the apoptosis of myeloma cells through the mitochondrial pathway, inhibit the autophagy of myeloma cells by affecting the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes, and overcome bortezomib resistance by the combination of ROC-325 with bortezomib.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine/analogs & derivatives , Multiple Myeloma
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820218

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the chitooligosaccharides (COS) effect on the proliferation inhibition and radiosensitivity of three types of human gastric cancer cell line.@*MOTHODS@#CCK-8 assay was employed to obtain the inhibition ratio of COS on BGC823 cells, MKN45 cells and SGC7901 cells at 48 h after treatment and the proliferation-inhibition curve was drawn with the inhibition ratio of COS on three types of cells. The clonogenic assay was used to detect the cell viability of 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy (6 dose grades) in RAY group and RAY + COS group after X-ray, and the cell survival curve was used to analyze the sensitization enhancement ratio of COS. Flow cytometry was employed to detect cell cycle and apoptosis rate in control group, RAY group and RAY + COS group after 48 h treatment.@*RESULTS@#COS inhibited the proliferation of three types of cells. The inhibition rate was positively correlated with the concentration of COS, and the susceptibility of MKN45 cells, SGC7901 cells and BGC823 cells to COS decreased in turn. The cell viability decreased gradually with the increasing radiation dose in RAY group and RAY + COS group (P < 0.01). The cell viabilities of RAY + COS group were lower than those of RAY group at all the dose grades under X-ray exposure (P < 0.01), and the sensitization enhancement ratios of COS on BGC823 cells, MKN45 cells and SGC7901 cells were 1.06, 1.28 and 1.15, respectively. In controlled trials, apoptosis rate and percentage in the G2/M phase of three types of cells in RAY + COS group were higher than those in control group and RAY group, and percentage in the S phase and the G0/G1 phase in RAY + COS group were lower than those in the other two groups (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#COS can inhibit the proliferation of three types of human gastric cancer cells and enhance the radiosensitivity by inducing apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest.

3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 55-58, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284139

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the distribution and drug resistance of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus strains in various specimens of inpatients in burn wards, and to provide reference for clinical treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bacteria were isolated from specimens of wound exudate, blood, sputum, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid etc., which were collected from patients hospitalized in our burn wards from January 2008 to December 2010. The bacteria were routinely cultured and identified. Drug resistance of the Staphylococci to 15 antibiotics commonly used in clinic was identified by K-B disk diffusion method. Data were processed with statistical software WHONET 5.5. The homology of 40 strains of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Altogether 386 strains of Staphylococcus were isolated, including 196 strains of Staphylococcus aureus and 190 strains of coagulase negative Staphylococcus. The mean annual isolation rates of MRSA and methicillin resistant coagulase negative Staphylococcus (MRCoNS) were respectively 73.00% (143/196) and 74.20% (141/190). The resistance rates of MRSA and MRCoNS to β-lactams drugs, such as penicillin, oxacillin, cefazolin, and cefuroxime were 100.00% in every year. No Staphylococcus strains resistant to vancomycin, teicoplanin, or linezolid were found. Three different PFGE patterns A, B, and C were identified among 40 MRSA strains, including 33 strains of type A (30 strains in sub-type A1 and 3 strains in sub-type A2), 6 strains of type B (respectively 3 strains in sub-types B1 and B2), and 1 strain of type C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The isolation rates of MRSA and MRCoNS were high in our burn wards from January 2008 to December 2010. All of them showed strong drug resistance property, and they were multidrug resistant. The most prevalent strain was PFGE type A.</p>


Subject(s)
Burns , Microbiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 420-423, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the infectious strains of bacteria in our burn ward in recent 5 years, and analyze their antibiotic resistance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bacteria were isolated from the wound excretions of 306 burn patients hospitalized during 2001 to 2006 for analyzing their strains and their antibiotic resistance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>378 strains were Grams positive bacteria, among them Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant strain. Further analysis showed that methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ranked the first in occurrence, followed by methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) and Enterococcus fecalis, 338 strains were Gram negative bacteria, and among them Acinetobacter baumannii was predominant, and Enterobacter cloacae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ranked the 2nd and 3rd. Twelve strains were fungi.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Drug resistance to antibiotics in our burn ward may be related to the beta-lactamases from acinetobacter baumannii and multiple-drug-resistance of MRSA.</p>


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter baumannii , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Burn Units , Burns , Microbiology , Child , Child, Preschool , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Middle Aged , Young Adult , beta-Lactam Resistance
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 311-315, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233962

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To describe factors causing the delay of diagnosis among non-resident tuberculosis (TB) patients and to study its implications from demographic, socio-economic aspects in order to provide information to policy makers for TB control programs in Shanghai.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A historical cohort study through questionnaire interview was conducted in 146 newly diagnosed TB patients. The questionnaire covered the general information of subjects and information on patients' health care seeking experiences from the first symptom to the TB diagnosis in health facilities. Index adopted to reflect the access to TB diagnosis would include the days due to delayed diagnosis consisting the days from both patient's and doctor's responsibilities.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median days due to patients' delay was 19 (7-33.5) days, which was 3.8 times longer than 5 (2.5-10) days caused by doctor's. The median of total diagnostic delay was 31 (11-59) days. Female TB patients, patients with lower than annual 5000 Yuan income had an increased risk of a longer diagnostic delay with an OR of 3.226 and 11.958 relatively. Smear positive patients had a shorter delay (OR = 0.280, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Delayed diagnosis was mostly caused by the patients, suggesting that TB control strategy for non-residents should aim at improving the access to TB diagnosis among patients with lower income and female non-residents.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Data Collection , Delayed Diagnosis , Emigrants and Immigrants , Female , Humans , Income , Male , Socioeconomic Factors , Tuberculosis , Diagnosis , Economics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-582706

ABSTRACT

Objective: to compare clinical effect of cognitive-behavior therapy and pharmacological treatment on chronic insomnia Method:48 patients with chronic insomnia were divided into 4 groups, receiving treatments of cognitive-behavior therapy, medication, placebo,and cognitive-behavior plus medication separately All of the subjects were assessed with polysomnogram over night and sleep diary Result:the three active treatments were more effective than placebo at post-treatment assessment On the eighth day of treatments, medication group and combined group showed improvement, sleep latencies were 20 min and 27 min, sleep efficacy were 80% and 82%, total sleep time were 381 min and 356 min, which were better than the results before treatments At the end of 8 weeks, cognitive-behavior group showed improvement in the above three indexes At the end of 8 months' follow-up, cognitive-behavior group still showed better effect in sleep latency 26 min, sleep efficacy 80%, total sleep time 378 min than those of 8 weeks While the indexes of the medication group and combined group could not maintain the effect of treatment Conclusion:medication shows a short-term effect on chronic insomnia, cognitive-behavior therapy shows long-term effect

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