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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 808-815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876533

ABSTRACT

In this study, a composite cell model for evaluation of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) was established in vitro from the perspective of immune inflammation. And this model was used to evaluate the risk of IDILI for 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-cis-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Cis-SG) and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Trans-SG). To determine the low, medium, and high dosage of Cis-SG and Trans-SG, CellTiter-Glo® 3D Cell Viability Assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of HepG2 cells in three dimensional (3D) culture, and MTT assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of THP-1 derived macrophages. THP-1 derived macrophages were incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly or supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with them. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the supernatants of the THP-1 derived macrophages. Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to determine the expression of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), and IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages. The results showed that there was no effect on the secretion of IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly. However, the secretion of IL-1β, the protein and mRNA expression of ASC, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β significantly increased in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with 1, 5, and 25 μmol·L-1 Cis-SG or 25 μmol·L-1 Trans-SG. In summary, the composite cell model for evaluation of IDILI established in vitro has been successfully applied in testing Cis-SG and Trans-SG. This composite cell model is helpful to evaluate and screen drugs with IDILI risk in vitro preliminarily, which provides methods for predicting and solving the idiosyncratic liver toxicity of drugs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of fire needling stripping after local anesthesia, simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on verruca vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 900 patients with verruca vulgaris were randomized into a fire needling stripping group (300 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a fire needling group (300 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (300 cases, 5 cases dropped off). After local anesthesia of compound lidocaine cream, fire needling therapy was adopted, and the necrotic tissue of verruca was stripped in the fire needling stripping group. Simple fire needling therapy was adopted in the fire needling group, without local anesthesia and stripping. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was adopted in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group. The treatment was given once a week, and totally 3 weeks were required in the 3 groups. The skin lesion scores of number, area, thickness, color, pruritus, isomorphism and the level of T lymphocyte (CD@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the skin lesion scores were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling stripping after local anesthesia can effectively treat the verruca vulgaris, improve the skin lesion and immunity, its therapeutic effect is superior to simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Local , Cryotherapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Warts/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect on intestinal dysfunction of spinal cord injury (SCI) between the comprehensive therapy of moxibustion (moxibustion for opening the governor vessel and regulating the spirit) and rehabilitation training and the simple treatment with rehabilitation training.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with intestinal dysfunction of SCI were randomized into a comprehensive therapy group and a rehabilitation group, 30 cases in each one (3 cases were dropped out in each group). On the base of the routine western medicine treatment and rehabilitation training, the bowel training and rectal function training were provided, once a day in the rehabilitation group. In the comprehensive therapy group, on the base of the treatment as the rehabilitation group, the moxibustion was exerted at Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Mingmen (GV 4), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14) and Baihui (GV 20), etc, once a day, 30 min each time. In both groups, the treatment for 4 weeks was as one course and 3 courses of treatment were required. Separately, before treatment, after 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) and World Health Organization quality of life scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were observed and the clinical effect was evaluated after 12 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the total effective rate was 88.9% (24/27) in the comprehensive therapy group, which was higher than 74.1% (20/27) in the rehabilitation group (<0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores were all reduced obviously as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, NBD scores in the comprehensive therapy group were lower than the rehabilitation group (both <0.05). After 4, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains (psychology, physiology, social relations and environment) in WHOQOL-BREF were higher than those before treatment in the two groups (all <0.01). After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores in the psychology and physiology domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05). After 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of all of the domains in the comprehensive therapy group were higher than the rehabilitation group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The comprehensive treatment of moxibustion and rehabilitation training achieves the better effect on intestinal dysfunction of SCI than the simple rehabilitation training and greatly improves the quality of life in SCI patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Spinal Cord Injuries , Therapeutics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843253

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the efficacy and safety of flexible ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy in the treatment of upper urinary tract calculi in infants aged 3 years old and below. Methods: From January 2016 to March 2019, the cases of infants aged 3 years old and below who were treated with flexible ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy for upper urinary tract calculi in Department of Urology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were collected. The double J (DJ) stents were placed in the cases for 0.5-3 months, followed by flexible ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy after urinary tract infection was controlled. OLYMPUS flexible ureteroscope and 200 μm holmium laser fiber were used in the operation. Holmium laser power was 20-30 Hz/0.5-1.0 J according to the size and hardness of the stones, and then DJ stent was retained after retraction of the ureteroscope to finish the operation. Results: A total of 32 infants aged 3 and below with upper urinary tract stones were included in the study, including 21 males and 11 females, and the median age was 26 months (7-36 months). All 32 cases were successfully treated with flexible ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy. Among them calculi in 22 cases were removed after one operation, and the calculi-free rate after one operation was 68.8%. The median duration of operation was 53 min (15-110 min); the median hospitalization after operation was 3 d (2-12 d); the median days of DJ stent removal after operation was 60 d (18-100 d). Urinary tract infection occurred in 4 cases, and high fever with urinary tract infection occurred in 2 cases. Anti-infection and other symptomatic treatments were given respectively to improve the symptoms. Conclusion: Flexible ureteroscopy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy is effective and safe in the treatment of upper urinary tract calculi in infants, which can be widely used in clinic.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of bioactive glass (BG) on the dentin bond strength and the microleakage of hybrid layer.@*METHODS@#In the study, 30 dentin planes were prepared from the third molars with no caries and equally assigned to the control group, BG group, and sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP)-polyacrylic acid (PAA)-BG group (S-P-BG group), randomly. After etched with 35% phosphoric acid, the dentin planes of BG group were pretreated with 0.5 g/L BG, and the dentin planes of S-P-BG group were pretreated with 5% STMP, 5% PAA and 0.5 g/L BG. No additional pretreatment was done to the dentin planes of control group. Then the dentin planes were bonded using 3M Single Bond 2 adhesive to 3M Z350XT composite resin, and cut into 0.9 mm×0.9 mm column samples, which were stored at 37 ℃ artificial saliva (AS). After 24 hours, 1 month, and 3 months, the microtensile bond strength test was performed. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and LSD method. The morphology of the bond fracture interface was observed with scanning electron microscope. Other 27 teeth were collected and the enamel layer and roots cut off, with the pulp chamber exposed. 0.1% rhodamine B was added to the 3M Single Bond 2 adhesive, and then the adhesive was applied to complete the bonding procedures as above. The teeth were stored in 37 ℃ AS for 24 hours, 1 month, 3 months, and then 0.1% sodium fluorescein solution was placed in the chambers and stained for 1 hour. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to observe the interface morphology and microleakage of the hybrid layer.@*RESULTS@#At the end of 24 hours and 1 month, there was no significant difference in the microtensile bond strength among the three groups (P>0.05). After 3 months of soaking, the S-P-BG group [(36.91±7.07) MPa] had significantly higher microtensile bond strength than the control group [(32.73±8.06) MPa] (P=0.026); For the control group and the BG group, the microtensile bond strength significantly decreased at the end of 3 months compared with 24 hours (control group: P=0.017, BG group: P=0.01); The microtensile bond strength of S-P-BG group af the end of 3 months had no significant difference in compared with 24 hours [(37.99±7.98) MPa] (P>0.05). Observation of the fracture surface at the 24 hours showed no obvious mineralization in all the three groups. After 1 and 3 months, mineral formation was observed in BG group and S-P-BG group, and no obvious collagen exposure was observed in S-P-BG group. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed no obvious differences in the morphology and quantity of the resin tag in the control group, BG group and S-P-BG group. At the end of 24 hours, leakage was found in all the three groups. The microleakage of the control group increased at the end of 3 months, while the microleakage of the BG and S-P-BG groups decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#BG pretreatment of dentin bonding interface can induce mineralization at the bonding interface and reduce the microleakage of the hybrid layer; pretreating the dentin bonding interface with STMP, PAA and BG may enhance the maintaining of the dentin bonding durability.


Subject(s)
Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Glass , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826650

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of needling technique (acupuncture for regulating spleen and stomach) on diabetic gastroparesis (DGP), and to explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 128 patients with DGP were randomized into an observation group (64 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (64 cases, 4 cases dropped off). On the basis of intervention on controlling blood glucose by western medication, needling technique was adopted at Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Xuehai (SP 10), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Diji (SP 8), etc. in the observation group, once a day. Mosapride citrate dispersible tablet 5 mg was given orally 3 times a day in the control group. The treatment was given 6 times a week in the both groups, and totally 4-week treatment was required. Before and after treatment, the DGP symptom score, serum content of transmembrane protein 16A (ANO1) were observed, and the clinical therapeutic effect and the safety were evaluated in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the each subitem score (belching, abdominal distension, inappetence, nausea and vomiting, epigastric pain, abnormal defecation) and the total score of DGP symptom were decreased in both groups (<0.05), the subitem scores of belching, abdominal distension, inappetence, nausea and vomiting and the total score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.05). After treatment, the serum contents of transmembrane protein 16A were reduced in both groups (<0.05), and that in the observation group was lower than the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate was 86.7% (52/60) in the observation group, which was superior to 70.0% (42/60) in the control group (<0.05). Subcutaneous hematoma occurred in 5 cases in the observation group, which was improved after cold compress without other particular intervention.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of needling technique on improving symptoms in patients with diabetic gastroparesis is superior to mosapride citrate dispersible tablet, its mechanism may be related to alleviating the damage of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC).

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826343

ABSTRACT

To investigate the differences in energy spectrum CT findings between anterior mediastinal lymphoma and thymic carcinoma. Twenty-two cases of anterior mediastinal lymphoma and 28 cases of thymic carcinoma confirmed by biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital were selected.The CT values and changes of iodine content and water content in lesion sites were measured by energy spectrum analysis software.The differences between anterior mediastinal lymphoma and thymic carcinoma were compared. The single-energy CT value of 40-80 keV in thymus carcinoma was higher than that in anterior mediastinal lymphoma(=0.001,=0.037,=0.042,=0.034,=0.002;=0.016,=0.013,=0.018,=0.024,=0.012).The difference in the single-energy CT value of 90-110 keV between anterior mediastinal lymphoma and thymic carcinoma showed no statistical significance(all >0.05).The concentrations of water in the arterial and venous stages of thymic carcinoma were significantly lower than those in the anterior mediastinal lymphoma(=0.030,=0.037),whereas the iodine concentrations were significantly higher(=0.026,=0.000). Anterior mediastinal lymphoma and thymic carcinoma have remarkably different 40-80 keV single energy CT value and iodine concentration in arterial and venous phases,which may be helpful for the differential diagnosis of these two malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Mediastinal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Thymoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Thymus Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Healthy sleep is important and can have a positive effect on resilience. The aim of the present study was to compare the differences in resilience between two group nurses in rotating shift and daytime fixed work schedules and to investigate stress perception, coping factors, social and psychological health, and sleep factors that may affect resilience.@*METHODS@#A total of 400 female nurses having rotating shift and daytime fixed work schedules at two hospitals was surveyed from June 12, 2017 to June 12, 2018. All participants completed perceived stress scale (PSS), stress coping short form (Brief COPE), psycho-social wellbeing Index short form (PWI-SF) or general health questionnaire-18 (GHQ-18), center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D), STAI-X-1 in state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), insomnia severity index (ISI), Conner Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Independent t-test, paired t-test, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were applied to the results of the final 373 questionnaires of 400 nurses in two general hospitals.@*RESULTS@#Comparing the variable statistics between the two groups of rotating shift and daytime fixed work nurses, showed statistically significant differences in all variables except perceived stress, sleep quality, and daytime sleepiness. Factors that had a significant correlation with resilience were stress coping strategies, depression, and insomnia severity (p < 0.001). In multiple regression analysis, larger positive reframing1 (β = 0.206, p < 0.001), severe less depression (β = −3.45, p < 0.001), and higher psychosocial health (β = 0.193, p < 0.001). As acceptance coping2 increased (β = 0.129, p < 0.05), as daytime sleepiness decreased (β = −1.17, p < 0.05), and as active coping2 increased (β = 0.118, p < 0.05), as the positive reframing2 increases (β = 0.110, p < 0.05), the resilience increased.@*CONCLUSION@#This study, it was found that resilience was higher in daytime fixed workers than in shift workers. In addition, specific stress coping strategies, psycho-social health, sleep, and depression factors were associated with resilience.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 929-933, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755446

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of stilbene glycoside(2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside,TSG) on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced mice model of Parkinson's disease(PD).Methods Mice were randomly divided into the blank control group,the negative control group,the TSG high-dose group,the TSG low-dose group and the positive drug group(n=20 each).Mice were weighted daily to observe the changes of body weight,and mice motor and behavior function were tested by open field test.Level changes of α/β synuclein in brain cortex,cerebellum,midbrain,and hippocampal were detected by Western blot.Results Compared with the blank control group,the negative control group showed that the body weight was decreased (P < 0.05).Compared with the negative control group,the body weight was increased in the TSG high-and low-dose groups and the positive drug group (P < 0.05).The spontaneous behavior was impaired in the negative control group.Compared with the blank control group,the negative control group showed that the open field test showed traveled distance over a 10-min period was significantly shortened at 1 st,7th,28th days after testing(all P<0.05).The trajectory of motor axons indicated that mice in the negative control group showed dyskinesia,but the groups of positive drug and high-and low-dose of TSG could reverse this dyskinesia.Compared with the blank control group,brain α/β synuclein protein levels were increased in the negative control group,and decreased in positive drug and TSG high-and low-dose groups (P <0.05).Conclusions Stilbene glycosides exert neuroprotective effects in MPTP-induced mice model of PD.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1872-1875, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774369

ABSTRACT

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF), as one of the most important components of tumor microenvironment, which plays important role in tumorigenesis, development, infiltration and metastasis of cancers. In a variety of solid tumors, CAF can even determine the fate of tumor cells. In view of its pivotal role in promoting tumor progression, CAF has recently become a therapeutic target for a variety of tumors. However, there are a few studies on CAF in hematological malignancies. Recent studies have found that the resistance, relapse of AML, MM, CLL and myelofibrosis of MPN closely relate with CAF, so targeting CAF can effectively enhance the killing effect of chemotherapy drugs on tumor cells, thus improve the efficacy, CAF is expected to become a new target for the treatment of hematological malignancies. This review summarizes recent advances in cancer-associated fibroblasts in hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts , Fibroblasts , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Tumor Microenvironment
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301034

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect of traditional Chinese spinal orthopedic manipulation (TCSOM) in treating patients with functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAPS) in comparison with Pinaverium Bromide (Dicetel, PBD), and to assess a possible cause for FAPS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty patients with FAPS were randomly and equally assigned to the TCSOM group and PBD group according to the random number table. All patients in the TCSOM group were treated with a maximum of 5 times of spinal manipulations. Patients in the PBD group were instructed to take 50 mg 3 times a day, consistently for 2 weeks. The symptoms of pre- and post-treatment were assessed on a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score. A symptom improvement rating (SIR) was implemented to evaluate the effects of the treatments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The symptoms of 27 cases of the TCSOM group were relieved soon after the first TCSOM treatment and 9 cases were significantly improved. The VAS pain scores in the TCSOM group were significantly lower than those in the PBD group after 2 weeks treatment. According to the SIR based on VAS, the TCSOM group included 30 cases with excellent results, 7 cases with good, and 3 cases with poor. Adverse events to the treatment were not reported. Based on VAS, the PBD group reported 8 cases with excellent results, 10 cases with good and 22 cases with poor. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The displacement of intervertebral discs and/or vertebra in the thoracic or lumbar region seems to be a contributing factor in the symptoms of FAPS. TCSOM is an effective treatment for FAPS.</p>

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758797

ABSTRACT

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and Salmonella Pullorum have significant damaging effects on the poultry industry, but no previous vaccine can protect poultry effectively. In this study, a recombinant-attenuated S. Pullorum strain secreting the NDV hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein, C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA-HN), was constructed by using the suicide plasmid pREasd-mediated bacteria homologous recombination method to form a new bivalent vaccine candidate against Newcastle disease (ND) and S. Pullorum disease (PD). The effect of this vaccine candidate was compared with those of the NDV LaSota and C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA) strains. The serum hemagglutination inhibition antibody titers, serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, secretory IgA, and stimulation index in lymphocyte proliferation were increased significantly more (p 0.05). Moreover, the novel strain provides 60% and 80% protective efficacy against the NDV virulent strain F48E9 and the S. Pullorum virulent strain C79-13. In summary, in this study, a recombinant-attenuated S. Pullorum strain secreting NDV HN protein was constructed. The generation of the S. Pullorum C79-13ΔcrpΔasd (pYA-HN) strain provides a foundation for the development of an effective living-vector double vaccine against ND and PD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Bacteria , Chickens , Hemagglutination , HN Protein , Homologous Recombination , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Immunoglobulin G , Lymphocytes , Methods , Newcastle disease virus , Newcastle Disease , Plasmids , Poultry , Salmonella , Suicide , Vaccines
14.
Mycobiology ; : 254-259, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729773

ABSTRACT

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) has gained more popularity as an economically significant plant for its nutritional and medicinal value, especially in China. During 2014–2016, the root disease of okra was discovered in four okra commercial fields surveyed in China. A fungul was isolated from the infected tissues, and was identified by Verticillium dahliae based on morphological characteristics. Pathogenicity test demonstrated that the fungus was pathogenic on okra, and fulfilled Koch’s postulates. The analysis of three sequences revealed 99–100% identity with the reported V. dahliae strain in GenBank. Neighbor-joining analysis of the gene sequences revealed that the representative isolates were clustered with V. dahliae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Verticillium wilt of okra in China.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus , China , Dahlia , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Fungi , Plants , Sequence Analysis , Verticillium , Virulence
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698649

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have self-renewal ability, which can be used as ideal seed cells for repairing tissue and organ damages caused by aging and lesions. OBJECTIVE: To study the changes in the levels of oxidation, inflammatory factors and neurotrophic factors (BDNF) in the brain of aging rats undergoing BMSCs transplantation, and to analyze the mechanism underlying the repair of learning and memory ability in the aging rats. METHODS: A total of 30 clean Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, model group and BMSCs group, 10 rats in each group. Aging models were made in the rats by 3-month subcutaneous injection of D-galactose. After modeling, BMSCs treatment was performed via tail vein injection in the BMSCs group.The injection was performed once a week,for 8 continuous weeks.Morris water maze was used to detect the learning and memory abilities of the rats in each group after the final injection of BMSCs. Superoxide dismutase activity in the brain tissue of rats was detected by xanthine oxidase method. Level of malondialdehyde in the rat brain tissue was detected by thiobarbituric acid method. Total antioxidant capacity of the brain tissue was detected by Fe3+reduction method. Real-time PCR and western blot assay were used to detect the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein in the brain tissue of the aging rat, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the model group, the BMSCs group exhibited significantly higher activity of superoxide dismutase, stronger total antioxidant capacity, and higher levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor mRNA and protein (P < 0.05), but the lower malondialdehyde level in the brain (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, there was less time and higher frequency for passing through the platform in the BMSCs group (P < 0.05). Our findings further indicate that BMSCs can improve the abilities of learning and memory in aging rats, and the underlying mechanism is likely to improve antioxidant capacity and to regulate the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factors.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707122

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Angelica Sinensis Radix on the expression of aquaporin 8 (AQP8) and the levels of AC-cAMP-PKA in colon of blood-deficiency constipation in mice; To identify mechanism of Angelica Sinensis Radix for loosening the bowels to relieve constipation. Methods Sixty Kunming mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive medicine group, and Angelica Sinensis Radix high-, medium-, and low-dose groups, with ten mice in each group. Diphenoxylate, acetylphenlyhydrazine and cyclophosphamide were used to establish blood-deficiency constipation mice models. From the 14thday of the experiment, Angelica Sinensis Radix high-, medium-, and low-dose groups were given 16.7, 8.8, and 4.2 g/kg Angelica Sinensis Radix Decoction for gavage. Positive medicine group was given 5.0 g/kg Changtongshu Granules Liquid for gavage. Control group and model group were given equal volume of saline for gavage. The symptoms of blood deficiency constipation were observed and defecation time. Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to detect the expression of AQP8 protein and mRNA in colon, and the expression of AC-cAMP-PKA in colon was detected by ELISA. Results The mice in the model group developed blood deficiency constipation syndrome; the defecation time was significantly prolonged (P<0.01); the expression level of colonic AQP8 protein and mRNA, AC, cAMP and PKA significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with model group, the defecation time was significantly shortened in Angelica Sinensis Radix high-, medium-, and low-dose groups; the expression of AQP8 protein and mRNA and the levels of AC, cAMP and PKA were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion The treatment of Angelica Sinensis Radix for blood-deficiency constipation may be related to adjusting the AC-cAMP-PKA signaling pathways and reducing the expression of AQP8 protein and mRNA.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704227

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the ecological habits of Culex pipiens pallens in Shandong Province in winter. Meth-ods From December 2015 to January 2016,the overwintering conditions of Cx.pipiens pallens were investigated in Shandong Province. Results In Shandong Province,in rural districts,the overwintering places of Cx. pipiens pallens were basements, wells and caves;and in urban areas,they were air raid shelters,holes of city walls,sewers and flower cellars.Conclusion In Shandong Province,the overwintering places of Cx.pipiens pallens are mainly basements and holes,which are under high tem-perature and humidity,and away from light.Its larvae cannot overwinter.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751925

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the situation of chronic diseases and the effects on quality of life among different-aged elderly in community and provide evidence for targeted improvement quality of life.Methods During March to July 2015, the elderly who was aged 60 and over as respondents from two communities in Kunming were enrolled. Cross-sectional study and cluster sampling were used based on Activities of Daily Living scale (ADL) and Balthel index.questionnaire was designed and information of chronic disease in the elderly was colected.The effects on Balthel index in different chronic diseases and age groups were analysed.Results A total of 589 subjects were investigated, chronic disease prevalence was93.70%, and the highest prevalence is hypertension that was 27.50%.The quality of life was worse in the elderly who suffered from three kinds of chronic diseases and more older. The quality of life in different age groups elderly was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion The quality of life in the community elderly is relate with age and the type of chronic diseases.In order to improve their quality of life health guidance should be strengthened.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751891

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents from Bletilla ochracea. Methods The compounds were extracted by 95% alcohol and isolated by column chromatography on silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis (~1 H NMR and 13 CNMR).Results Nine compouds were obtained and identified as lusianthridin (1), 1, 2, 7-trihydroxy-4-methoxy-9, 10-dihydroxyphenanthrene (2), nudol (3), coelonin (4), batatasin Ⅲ (5), 3, 7-dihydroxy-2, 4-dimethoxyphenanthrene (6), daucosterol (7), β-sitosterol (8), stigmasterol (9).Conclus ion Compounds 2, 3, 5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694547

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore how to apply the teaching mode combined flipped class with PBL teaching method to improve college students' ability of English reading and writing and the effectiveness of classroom. Methods In the class of college English reading and writing, students at grade 2015 were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group (43 students) was adopted the class teaching with " flipped class and PBL teaching method"and the control group (43 students) was adopted traditional class teaching mode taught by the same teacher. The teaching effects of two groups were studied in a comparative way. The students' final grade, related data in the learning process, students'view of the two teaching modes are studied by analysis of basic data and questionnaire. Results At the end of the semester, the results of the experimental group are better than those of the control group. In the survey of the two class teaching modes, the students in the experimental group spent more time in the learning process than that of the control group.Students think that the teaching mode combined flipped class and PBL teaching method not only improves their autonomic learning ability, classroom participation, the English reading and writing ability, but also helps them perform better in the average scores in the final exam compared to the traditional classroom. Students are more satisfied with the new classroom teaching mode than with traditional one. Conclusion The teaching mode combined flipped class with PBL teaching method can promote the students'autonomous learning, contribute to absorb and internalize knowledge, improve the students'learning interest and learning efficiency, and improve teachers teaching ability.

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