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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 112-117, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380460

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 18 años, con un gran mucocele frontoetmoidal derecho, postoperado en dos oportunidades anteriores, que acudió a nuestro servicio por un empeoramiento de la diplopía. Al examen físico se visualizaba un desplazamiento del globo ocular hacia abajo y afuera. Se le realizó estudios de imágenes, una tomografía computarizada y una resonancia magnética nuclear que sugerían un mucocele frontoetmoidal derecho. Se le realizó una sinusotomía tipo Draf III para drenaje de la lesión, con mejoría de los síntomas.


We present the case of an 18-year-old male patient with a large right frontoethmoidal mucocele, postoperatively on two previous occasions, who came to our department due to worsening diplopia. Physical examination revealed a downward and outward displacement of the eyeball. Imaging studies, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging were performed that suggested a right frontoethmoidal mucocele. A type Draf III sinusotomy was performed to drain the lesion, with improvement of the symptoms.


Subject(s)
Mucocele , Drainage , Diplopia
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2077-2081, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941445

ABSTRACT

OBJECT IVE To provide scientific evidence for the quality standard research of Qingyi mixture (QM)qualitatively and quantitatively. METHODS The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)fingerprint of QM was established ,and the chemical pattern recognition analysis was carried out. At the same time ,the contents of 8 components such as chlorogenic acid in the preparation were determined. The determination was performed on Agilent SB-C 18 column with 0.1% phosphoric acid-acetonitrile as mobile phase (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The column temperature was 35 ℃,and detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. Similarity Evaluation System of Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 edition),SPSS 20.0 and SIMCA 14.1 were used to perform similarity evaluation ,cluster analysis (CA),principle component analysis (PCA)and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)of QM samples. RESULTS A total of 22 common peaks were calibrated by 15 batches of QM ,and the similarity was over 0.975. Twenty-two common peaks were assigned and 8 of them were identified. CA ,PCA and OPLS-DA divided the 15 batches of QM into two categories. Meanwhile,5 differential components were screened out ,i.e. peak 9(cichoric acid ),peak 14(baicalin),peak 18,peak 19 and peak 21 (baicalein). The contents of 8 components,such as chlorogenic acid ,ferulic acid ,cichoric acid ,hesperidin, baicalin,salvianolic acid B ,baicalein and paeonol ,were 0.077-0.094,0.165-0.190,0.100-0.114,0.083-0.107,0.556-0.615,0.288-0.314,0.152-0.188 and 0.114-0.128 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established HPLC fingerprint and content determination method can provide reference for the quality standard research of QM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940571

ABSTRACT

Atractylodis Rhizoma is a kind of commonly used clinical Chinese medicine (TCM), which was first recorded in Shennong Bencaojing (《神农本草经》). At that time, it was called "Zhu", which is the general name of Atractylodis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma. After Song dynasty, Atractylodis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma were separated. Atractylodis Rhizoma can be divided into Atractylodes lancea and A. chinensis. In history, A. lancea as authentic, that its quality is better than A. chinensis. However, the quality of Atractylodis Rhizoma was evaluated by the index component atractylodin in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The general results showed that the content of atractylodin in A. lancea was low, even failed to meet the specified standard, and its content in A. chinensis was significantly higher than that in A. lancea. The results were inconsistent with the records of ancient books and documents, and the quality theory of "genuine medicine is the best". It could not reflect the quality advantage of genuine Atractylodis Rhizoma, and may even affect the clinical application and development momentum of genuine medicine. In short, the quality standard of TCM should not only conform to the historical experience, but also have the connotation of modern science and technology, which can stand the test of practice. Based on this, the author intends to sort out relevant laws and regulations, sort out the literature related to the authenticity, composition and efficacy of Atractylodis Rhizoma, and analyze the rationality of the current standard of Atractylodis Rhizoma by integrating the relevant records of historical classics and modern research results, so as to provide a basis for the improvement of the quality standard of Atractylodis Rhizoma.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879306

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize Chinese families in which both parents and at least one child are diagnosed with malignant diseases and provide reference for cancer screening or early detection in people whose both parents are diagnosed with cancer. Methods Medical records of all clients to the center of cancer screening and prevention of the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital between January 2008 and February 2018 were screened to select families in which both parents and at least one child were diagnosed with malignant diseases. The cancer profiles of fathers, mothers, sons and daughters, their age distribution at diagnosis, and similarity of cancers between two generations were analyzed. The proportions of each cancer in males and females of the cohort were compared with corresponding data from the National Cancer Center Registry of China (NCCRC) in 2013. Results Totally 135 families were identified from records of 33 200 clients. Proportion of lung cancer in fathers (40/135, 29.6%) and in mothers (38/135, 28.1%) were higher than the national data (23.9% in males and 14.9% in females, respectively). The proportion of breast cancer in daughters (35/109, 32.1%) was higher than that of mothers (14/135, 10.4%) and the national data (17.1%). In 71 father-son pairs of cancer, 46.5% (33/71) were of the same systematic disease, and 16.9% (12/71) were of the same cancer. These two indexes were 31.2% (

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892588

ABSTRACT

Uterine fibroid, or leiomyoma, is a common benign neoplasm in women, but serious complications are rarely reported. We present the case of a 48-year-old woman with acute onset of abdominal pain. She was hemodynamically unstable, and computed tomography revealed abundant fluid collection in the peritoneal cavity, suggesting hemoperitoneum. During emergency exploratory laparotomy, the subserosal vein overlying a uterine fibroid was identified as the source of bleeding. Hemostasis was accomplished with fibroid excision. Spontaneous hemorrhage originating from a uterine fibroid is extremely rare, but may lead to life-threatening conditions. Therefore, in female patients with acute abdominal pain and hemoperitoneum, uterine fibroid may be a potential etiology and emergency exploratory laparotomy should be considered.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900292

ABSTRACT

Uterine fibroid, or leiomyoma, is a common benign neoplasm in women, but serious complications are rarely reported. We present the case of a 48-year-old woman with acute onset of abdominal pain. She was hemodynamically unstable, and computed tomography revealed abundant fluid collection in the peritoneal cavity, suggesting hemoperitoneum. During emergency exploratory laparotomy, the subserosal vein overlying a uterine fibroid was identified as the source of bleeding. Hemostasis was accomplished with fibroid excision. Spontaneous hemorrhage originating from a uterine fibroid is extremely rare, but may lead to life-threatening conditions. Therefore, in female patients with acute abdominal pain and hemoperitoneum, uterine fibroid may be a potential etiology and emergency exploratory laparotomy should be considered.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921743

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae Radix is a commonly used Chinese medicinal first recorded in the Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. In the ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), Scutellariae Radix is used in two specifications, solid one(Ziqin) and hollow one(Kuqin). In the current rules and regulations of Chinese medicine, Scutellariae Radix is used without the specific requirements for the specifications applied. To clarify the evolution of Scutellariae Radix specifications and analyze the current specifications of Scutellariae Radix pieces, the present study reviews the Scutellariae Radix from ancient literature, modern rules and regulations, and differences between Ziqin and Kuqin in composition, efficacy, and transformation mechanism. According to the research on ancient books, Kuqin is effective in clearing the fire of the upper energizer, and Ziqin in purging the heat of the lower energizer. Modern studies have revealed that Kuqin and Ziqin are significantly different in chemical components, and Ziqin and Kuqin target the colon and lung, respectively, which are consistent with the relevant records in ancient books. The review study suggests that the two specifications of Scutellariae Radix are reasonable since they can facilitate the precise treatment of Scutellariae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Literature, Modern , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the relationships of daily average temperature and relative humidity with outpatient visit frequency of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and whether temperature and relative humidity have a lag effect.@*METHODS@#The effects of daily average temperature, relative humidity, and their interaction in Lanzhou between January 2013 and December 2017 on the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were analyzed using Poisson generalized linear regression model combined with distributed lag non-linear model.@*RESULTS@#There was a non-linear relationship between the daily average temperature and the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Between -12 °C and -8 °C, the outpatient visit frequency increased gradually with the decrease of the daily average temperature, and the outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients increased by 11.60% per 1 °C of temperature drop. The daily average relative humidity also presented a non-linear effect on the outpatient visit frequency chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. When the daily average relative humidity was in the range of 15%-28%, the outpatient visit frequency increased gradually with the decrease of relative humidity, and the outpatient visit frequency of COPD patients increased by 37.05% for every 1% decrease of relative humidity. A synergistic effect was found between air temperature and relative humidity on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, that is, under different relative humidity, the effect of air temperature was different. When the daily average relative humidity ≤ 50% and the daily average temperature≤11 °C, the effect of air temperature was the most obvious. For every 1 °C drop in temperature, the daily out-patient visit frequency of the whole population increased by 12.68% (5.62% in males and 7.56% in females; 5.24% in population < 65 years and 14.74% in population ≥ 65 years). When the daily average relative humidity > 50% and the daily average temperature ≤ 11 °C, the daily outpatient visit frequency of the whole population increased by 9.00% for every 1 °C drop in temperature (< 65 years, 7.11%; ≥65 years, 10.93%). When the daily average temperature > 11 °C, the temperature had no effect on the daily outpatient visit frequency of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients under different relative humidity.@*CONCLUSION@#The presence of a certain extent of interaction is observed between daily average temperature and relative humidity. Low-temperature and dry environment (relative humidity ≤50%, temperature ≤11 °C) as well as low-temperature and high-humidity environment (relative humidity > 50%, temperature ≤11 °C) can both increase the risk of outpatient visit in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Air Pollution , China , Female , Humans , Humidity , Male , Outpatients , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Temperature
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846580

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan Province of China is highly contagious, rapid transmission and widespread, which has aroused great concern at home and abroad. WHO declared COVID-19 as an international public health emergency of concern. In the face of major epidemic situation, our hospital has carried out investigation and analysis on the use of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, and summarized the direction of diagnosis and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and the main points of use of antiviral traditional Chinese medicine, classic prescriptions and Chinese patent medicine, in order to provide reference for diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 and rational drug selection in medical institutions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873269

ABSTRACT

Setariae Fructus Germinatus (Guya) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, which has been used for thousands of years. In ancient and modern books and works, the name is often confused because of its complicated relationship with the origin. In order to clarify the name and source of Guya, the authors examined the name, origin and processing history of Guya through consulting ancient Chinese herbal books, modern Chinese medicine monographs, calendar edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the processing standards of various provinces, and found that different regions in China used Guya according to their local habits, resulting in the foreign body of the same name of Guya, lacking a unified standard. It is suggested that changing the name of Guya to Suya is more practical, and is conducive to the quality standard research and clinical accurate application of Guya.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862660

ABSTRACT

Objective::To compare the pharmacodynamic effects of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix on rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and to demonstrate the scientificness of dividing Scutellariae Radix into pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products as medicines by modern pharmacological test. Method::Rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low-and high-dose group of pith-nodecayed products (0.9, 3.6 g·kg-1), low-and high-dose group of pith-decayed products (0.9, 3.6 g·kg-1), Scutellariae Radix group (0.9 g·kg-1), compound berberine tablets group (positive drug group, 0.045 g·kg-1), and 8 rats in each group. Taking model rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, the body temperature, thymus index, spleen index, pathological sections of colon and ileum, inflammatory factors and Secretory immunoglobulin (SIg) A content were selected as indexes to evaluate the therapeutic effect of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products on large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and make comprehensive evaluation of the difference in efficacy between them. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was employed to analyze the pharmacological indexes of these two products against large intestine damp-heat syndrome. Result::Pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix with different doses could reduce the body temperature, thymus index, spleen index, contents of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-1β in serum and SIgA content in intestinal mucosa, and most of them had significant differences (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the isodose group of pith-decayed products, the effect of corresponding dose group of pith-nodecayed products was better, and most of them had significant differences (P<0.05, P<0.01). PLS-DA results indicated that there were significant differences in the pharmacological effects of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products, and they were clustered on one side, respectively. Conclusion::Both of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix have therapeutic effect on large intestine damp-heat syndrome with distinctly different strength of action, and pith-nodecayed products is superior to pith-decayed products, which verify the scientific nature of pith-nodecayed products was specializedly used to treat bowel disease in ancient times.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753315

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of different dosage combinations of nalbuphine and sufentanil on postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy surgeries. Methods One hundred and twenty-five patients scheduled for selective abdominal hysterectomy surgeries in Affiliated Huaian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2015 to January 2018 were randomly divided into sufentanil 100 μg group (group S), sufentanil 75 μg combined with nalbuphine 25 mg group (group NS1), sufentanil 50 μg combined with nalbuphine 50 mg group (group NS2), sufentanil 25 μg combined with nalbuphine 75 mg group (group NS2) and nalbuphine 100 mg group (group N). The analgesic pump was set in the five groups as follows: loading dose 3 ml, continuous dose 2 ml/h, bolus dose 0.5 ml, lockout time 15 min, total volume 100 ml. The scores of incision pain and visceral pain of 4, 8, 12, 24 and 36 h of NRS, Ramasy sedation score, number of analgesia pump compressions and incidence of adverse reactions were recorded respectively in patients after operation. Results Compared with those in group NS3 and group N,the scores of incision pain of NRS were significantly lower 4 and 8 h after surgery in group S, group NS1 and group NS2 (P < 0.05). Compared with those in group S and group NS1, the scores of visceral pain of NRS was significantly lower at the time 4 and 8 h after surgery in group NS2, group NS3 and group N (P<0.05). Compared with group NS2, the number of analgesia pump compression was significantly higher in group S, group NS1, group NS3 and group N, (3.0 ± 1.7), (3.0 ± 1.5), (2.9 ± 1.8), (2.9 ± 1.6) times vs. (1.7 ± 1.0) times, P<0.05. Compared with those in group S, the nausea and vomiting were lower in group NS2,group NS3 and group N, nausea: 8%(2/25), 8%(2/25), 4% (1/25) vs. 20% (5/25), vomiting: 8% (2/25), 8% (2/25), 8% (2/25) vs. 20% (5/25), P < 0.05. Conclusions The optimal ratio of nalbuphine to sufentanil in postoperative analgesia after abdominal hysterectomy surgeries was 1∶1, because it has good analgesic effect and low incidence of adverse reactions.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765766

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is regarded as one of the major nutrients that significantly influence bone metabolism. This study aims to look at the effect of supplementary vitamin D on bone mineral density (BMD) in female osteoporosis patients. METHODS: The retrospective hospital record review was performed on 282 patients who were diagnosed with osteoporosis and treated with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) between January 2015 and December 2016. Of these patients, 151 were treated with SERMs only while 131 were treated using both SERMs and vitamin D supplements. The BMD and any occurrence of osteoporotic fracture episode were investigated after one year. The result of two groups was compared to find the significance of vitamin D. RESULTS: Overall, improvement in BMD score was observed in 76% of the patients. The BMD of the SERMs only group improved by 3% in spine and 1% in the hip while that of the SERMs with vitamin D group improved by 6% and 1% respectively. Statistical significance was noticed in the spine only. One distal radius fracture and one single level vertebral fracture occurred in patients of SERMs group while two distal radius fractures occurred in SERMs with vitamin D group. There was no occurrence of around hip fracture in both groups. CONCLUSION: The result of the current study suggests that additional vitamin D may have some additive effect on improving BMD of the spine. Further study with the larger study population and the extended study period is recommended.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Female , Hip , Hospital Records , Humans , Metabolism , Osteoporosis , Osteoporotic Fractures , Radius Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators , Spine , Vitamin D , Vitamins
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772942

ABSTRACT

Drosophila neural development undergoes extensive chromatin remodeling and precise epigenetic regulation. However, the roles of chromatin remodeling in establishment and maintenance of cell identity during cell fate transition remain enigmatic. Here, we compared the changes in gene expression, as well as the dynamics of nucleosome positioning and key histone modifications between the four major neural cell types during Drosophila neural development. We find that the neural progenitors can be separated from the terminally differentiated cells based on their gene expression profiles, whereas nucleosome distribution in the flanking regions of transcription start sites fails to identify the relationships between the progenitors and the differentiated cells. H3K27me3 signal in promoters and enhancers can not only distinguish the progenitors from the differentiated cells but also identify the differentiation path of the neural stem cells (NSCs) to the intermediate progenitor cells to the glial cells. In contrast, H3K9ac signal fails to identify the differentiation path, although it activates distinct sets of genes with neuron-specific and glia-related functions during the differentiation of the NSCs into neurons and glia, respectively. Together, our study provides novel insights into the crucial roles of chromatin remodeling in determining cell type during Drosophila neural development.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1206-1213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771808

ABSTRACT

Rolling circle amplification is a rapid, sensitive and isothermal single-stranded DNA amplification technique that can be used with staining or probes to amplify the detection signal. This technology has been widely used in biological detection and other aspects. The present paper introduces how to design rolling circle amplification, summarize its application in the detection of pathogens, nucleic acid tumor markers, proteins, biological small biomolecules, and viruses in recent years and prospects for future development.


Subject(s)
DNA, Single-Stranded , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805296

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the screening and early detection reference age for individuals with family history of cancer in either one of the parents.@*Methods@#We examined the family history of 33 200 subjects who visited the Department of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Center and Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 2008 and March 2018 for cancer screening and early detection. The age differences between the subjects in the research population were analyzed using an independent t-test. All statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 24.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).@*Results@#We documented 480 families in which fathers and one or more of their children were diagnosed with malignancies, attributing to 614 father-child pairs. We also documented 476 families with mothers and one or more of their children diagnosed with malignancies, attributing to 614 mother-child pairs. In total, we included 956 families in our study with a total of 505 sons and 723 daughters diagnosed with cancer during the study period. In the father-child group the average age at diagnosis for fathers, sons, and daughters were 66.6±10.8, 56.6±11.7, and 51.7±11.7 years, respectively. Sons and daughters were diagnosed with malignancy 10.0 and 14.9 years earlier than their fathers, respectively (P<0.001). Daughters developed malignancies approximately 5 years earlier than sons in the father-child group (P<0.001). In the mother-child group, the average age at diagnosis for mothers, sons, and daughters were 65.8±12.2, 57.8±12.2, and 52.3±12.4 years, respectively. Mothers were diagnosed with malignant disease 8 years later than their sons (P<0.001) and 13.5 years later than their daughters (P<0.001). Interestingly, daughters developed malignant diseases 5.5 years earlier than sons even in this group (P<0.001). Average age at diagnosis for subjects whose fathers and mothers developed malignancy before 50 years was 4.8 years and 4.4 years earlier than those whose fathers and mothers developed malignancy after 50 years old (P<0.05, P<0.001). Sons and daughters were diagnosed with lung cancer 9.3 and 12.6 years earlier than the fathers, and 10.2 and 13.6 years earlier than the mothers, respectively (P<0.001).The daughters in the mother-children group and the father-daughter group were diagnosed with breast cancer 10.5 and 11.1 years earlier than the mothers in the mother-child group (P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Children develop malignancy earlier than their parents in families with cancer in parents and children. Hence, individuals with a family history of cancer in either of their parents should undergo interventions for cancer screening and early detection at a relatively earlier age compared to the initial screening age recommended by conventional screening guidelines for certain cancers.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dryness effect of Atractylodes lancea and A. chinensis. Method:Sixty normal and healthy SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups(10 in each group), including normal saline group, soybean oil group, low-dose(46.25 mg·kg-1·d-1) group and high-dose(500 mg·kg-1·d-1) group of A. lancea, low-dose(46.25 mg·kg-1·d-1) group and high-dose(500 mg·kg-1·d-1) group of A. chinensis, the dosing volume was 0.01 mL·g-1, and the drug was administered orally for 21 days. Taking average daily water intake, submandibular gland tissue, urine volume and expression of aquaporin 2(AQP2) in the kidney, and whole blood viscosity as the evaluation indexes, the dryness effect of long-term administration of equal doses of volatile oil from A. lancea and volatile oil from A. chinensis on rats was observed. Result:Compared with the soybean oil group, long-term administration of high doses of volatile oil from A. lancea and volatile oil from A. chinensis could significantly increase average daily water intake, urine volume and whole blood viscosity; decrease the expression of AQP2, and atrophy the acini of submandibular gland, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. Effects of volatile oil from A. lancea and A. chinensis with low dose on dryness of rats were not significant. Conclusion:There is no significant difference between the dryness effect of volatile oil from A. lancea and A. chinensis in the same dose. It is proved that the rationality of A. lancea and A. chinensis are universal in clinical practice, and this study provides experimental basis for rational use of Atractylodis Rhizoma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3(NLRP3)/cysteine aspartate-specific protease(Caspase)-1 signaling pathway and esophageal inflammation by observing the effect of Xuanfu Daizhe Tang on the composition of inflammatory body and the expression of relevant inflammatory factors in rats with reflux esophagitis (RE), so as to explain the mechanism of Xuanfu Daizhe Tang in treating RE. Method:Sixty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups:the normal control group, the model control group, the Xuanfu Daizhe Tang group (9.89 g·kg-1) and the positive control group (omeprazole enteric-coated tablets+mosapride, 2.58 mg·kg-1), with 15 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, the remaining rats were operated by " 4.2 mm pyloric clip+2/3 gastric fundus ligation" to establish models. Since the 8th day after the operation, the rats were given corresponding drugs twice a day for 14 days. The arterial blood and esophageal tissues were taken out at the 15th day after the intervention. The pathological morphology of esophagus was observed by naked eyes and under light microscopy. The secretion of cytokines Caspase-1 and interleukin(IL)-1β in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-1β in esophagus were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the injury of esophageal mucosa in the model group was the most serious. Compared with the normal group, the levels of Caspase-1 and IL-1β in serum and the expression of NLRP3 protein in esophageal tissue of the model group were significantly increased (PPβ in serum of rats, and down-regulate the expressions of NLRP3, Caspase-1 and IL-1β protein in esophageal tissue (P0.05, PConclusion:Xuanfu Daizhe Tang can regulate the expressions of NLRP3 and Caspase-1, and reduce the content of IL-1β, suggesting that it may antagonize esophageal inflammatory response, reduce esophageal inflammatory injury and treat RE by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849804

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 24 autosomal short tandem repeats (STR) loci in Gelao and Miao populations dwelled in Guizhou province, and explore the population genetic relationships and evaluate their application value on forensic medicine. Methods: The DNA samples of 732 unrelated individuals (399 Guizhou Gelao population and 333 Guizhou Miao population) were amplified using SureID® PanGlobal kit, and the PCR products were analyzed by electrophoresis through 3500XL genetic analyzer. The fragment sizes of alleles were subsequently analyzed by GeneMapper ID-X v1.5. Allele frequencies and forensic genetic parameters of 24 STR loci were statistically analyzed and compared with the available data of other populations from different races and regions. Results: For Guizhou Gelao and Miao populations, the individual discrimination power (DP) ranged from 0.7833 to 0.9909 and 0.8010 to 0.9909, respectively; the polymorphic information content (PIC) ranged from 0.5608 to 0.9385 and 0.5677 to 0.9414, respectively; the total discrimination power (TDP) were 1-7.6036 × 10-30 and 1-6.8630 × 10-30, respectively, and the cumulative probability of exclusion (CPE) were 1-1.9608 × 10-11 and 1-1.9738 × 10-14, respectively. Analysis with the matrix of Nei's DA genetic distance indicated that the genetic distance was the smallest (0.0205) between Guizhou Gelao and Hubei Han populations, while was the largest (0.0449) between Guizhou Gelao and Yunnan Miao populations; the genetic distance was minimum (0.0033) between Guizhou Miao and Hunan Han populations, while was maximal (0.0363) between Guizhou Miao and Yunnan Miao. Conclusions: The 24 STR loci are abundant in genetic polymorphism in Guizhou Gelao and Miao populations. It is of great significance to study the genetic diversity of different ethnic groups in order to understand their origin, migration and interrelationship.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687396

ABSTRACT

In order to establish a more perfect evaluation system for dryness effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma, determine the main dry parts of Atractylodis Rhizoma,and further define the mechanism of stir-baked Atractylodis Rhizoma in reducing the dryness. The healthy rats were given with different doses of water extract and volatile oil of raw Atractylodis Rhizoma and stir-baked Atractylodis Rhizoma for 21 days. Based on the theory of the dry-dry and dryness-induced Yin deficiency, the amount of drinking water, tissue morphology of submandibular glands, urine volume and the expression of aquaporin 2 (AQP2) in the kidneys, as well as blood rheology, ratio of cAMP/cGMP in serum and the content of Na⁺-K⁺-ATP enzyme were selected as the evaluation indexes. The results indicated that the rats with high dose volatile oil from raw Atractylodis Rhizoma had a significant increase in the amount of drinking water, urine volume, blood viscosity, ratio of cAMP/cGMP and content of Na⁺-K⁺-ATP enzyme in the serum(<0.05)as compared with the soybean oil group; meanwhile, atrophy of submandibular acinar gland was obvious,and the expression of aquaporin 2 was reduced significantly(<0.05). There were significant differences between volatile oil high dose group of raw Atractylodis Rhizoma and volatile oil high dose group of stir-baked Atractylodis Rhizoma. There was no significant difference between the water extract groups of raw and stir-baked Atractylodis Rhizoma and the saline group. A comprehensive evaluation system for the dryness effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma was established. It was confirmed that the volatile oil part was the main dry part of Atractylodis Rhizoma. It revealed that the mechanism of dryness effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma was not only related to the decrease of the total content of the volatile oil, but also may be related to the transformation of dryness components in the volatile oil. It provides references for the study of material basis of Atractylodis Rhizoma dryness, provides an experimental basis for the clinical application of Atractylodis Rhizoma, further clarifies the mechanism of stir-baked Atractylodis Rhizoma in reducing the dryness, and provides thoughts for the evaluation of other dry traditional Chinese medicines.

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