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1.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 421-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990053

ABSTRACT

Food allergy is one of the most common chronic non-infectious diseases in many countries and regions, which affects 2%-4% of children and adults.Its prevalence is on the rise worldwide.In 2022, the Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA 2LEN) proposed recommendations on managing food allergy to people at different age groups.This review aims to interpret the recommendations, clinical practice, precautions, evidence gaps and research priorities of food allergy management based on the GA 2LEN guideline 2022, thus providing reference for clinical management of food allergy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 296-299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) in children, and to explore its treatment and prognostic factors.Methods:The clinical data of 19 children with PVS treated in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2016 to March 2022 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 16 males and 3 females.The median age at diagnosis was (2.81±1.95) years.A descriptive analysis of clinical characteristics of children was made.Results:Of the 19 children, 14 cases (73.7%) had primary PVS and 5 cases (26.3%) had secondary PVS after surgery of anomalous pulmonary venous connection (APVC). Thirteen children (68.4%) had hemoptysis.In the hemoptysis children, 5 cases had life-threatening massive hemoptysis, and 11 cases (57.9%) had a history of recurrent respiratory tract infection or pneumonia.Other manifestations of hemoptysis included failure to thrive (6 cases), cyanosis (5 cases), and dyspnea (3 cases). Complications were pulmonary hypertension (6 cases) and right heart failure (3 cases). There were 16 cases (84.2%) of unilateral PVS and 3 cases of bilateral PVS.Interlobular septal thickening, grid shadow and ground glass opacities were found on CT of all PVS cases.Ten cases underwent surgery, and 2 cases of them received angioplasty, but restenosis occurred in both of them.Eight children underwent pulmonary lobectomy, and their clinical symptoms were all relieved after operation.Nine patients were treated conservatively, and 3 cases of them died of bilateral PVS secondary to APVC.The remaining 6 alive cases still had intermittent clinical symptoms during follow-up.Conclusions:Hemoptysis and recurrent respiratory tract infection are the main clinical manifestations of PVS in children, and life-threatening massive hemoptysis can occur.Lobectomy is an effective treatment for unilateral PVS.The prognosis of secondary PVS after APVC is poorer and its mortality is higher, compared with primary PVS.

3.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 503-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989121

ABSTRACT

Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease in children.Adolescent asthma is characterized by high prevalence rate, high mortality and poor disease control.The optimal adolescent asthma management is crucial to improve asthma control, as well as reduce the burden of asthma including mortality.The key of the management in adolescents with asthma is the self-management, which involves individual, family and social aspects.The imbalance between physical development and psychological development in adolescents leads to many challenges in the self-management in adolescents with asthma.This review elaborates the current situation, influence factors and promotional strategies of self-management in adolescents with asthma so as to achieve the optimal asthma self-management.

4.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1761-1772, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954830

ABSTRACT

Hypoxemia is a common complication of pneumonia, asthma, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in children.Rapid identification of hypoxemia is of great significance for the disposal and management of critical children.Pulse oximetry is recognized by the World Health Organization as the best way to monitor hypoxemia in children, and it can monitor pulse oxygen saturation noninvasively and continuously.Based on the related literature at home and abroad, combined with the clinical needs of pediatrics, the " Expert consensus on clinical application of pulse oximetry in children" is formulated to improve the understanding of pediatricians and nurses on the application in pediatric clinical practice, principle, operation techniques, and limitations of pulse oximetry.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1714-1717, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954819

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a cystic fibrosis (CF) child with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and hemoptysis in the Department of Respiratory Disease Ⅰ, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University in May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Meanwhile, relevant literature was reviewed to analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of CF patients with ABPA.This patient was a 15 years and 4 months old boy and complained of recurrent cough with sputum.The test showed increased blood eosinophils, total serum IgE higher than 500 IU/mL, positive aspergillus fumigatus specific IgE and IgG antibodies.Chest CT revealed central bronchiectasis and high-density mucus thrombus, and the patient was initially diagnosed with ABPA.Further examinations suggested the sweat chloride concentration was 89 mmol/L, and the genetic results showed a compound heterozygous mutation of CFTR (c.2909G>A from his father, c.3310G>T from his mother). Then, he was diagnosed with CF complicated with ABPA and treated with glucocorticoid and antifungal therapy.The disease was repeated after drug withdrawal.Due to hemoptysis, the right upper lobe lobectomy was performed.Unfortunately, ABPA occurred again 2 years later.The child is being followed up at present.CF is a rare monogenetic disease with poor prognosis.It is difficult to treat CF patients with ABPA and the disease repeats easily.Early identification and treatment will improve the prognosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1190-1193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954711

ABSTRACT

Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease in children and requires long-term medical management.Adolescence has unique physical and psychological characteristics, which challenge the management of asthma in adolescents.A personalized transition strategy can achieve a successful asthma transition from childhood into adulthood and improve long-term outcomes of asthma.In this paper, the characteristics of adolescence, burden of adolescent asthma, challenges to adolescent asthma, adolescent asthma management system, and successful transition of adolescent asthma were reviewed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 934-938, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical manifestations, genetic variations, diagnosis and treatment of children with inherited thrombophilia(IT).Methods:Retrospective study.Children with IT treated in Department of Respiratory Diseases 1 of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2016 to August 2021 were included in the study and followed up.Results:A total of 5 children met the inclusion criteria, with 3 boys and 2 girls; the age of diagnosis ranged from 7 years to 13 years and 6 months.There were 2 cases of protein C deficiency, 1 case of congenital protein S deficiency, 1 case of activated protein C resistance and 1 case of congenital afibrinogenemia.All 5 cases had pulmonary embolism, 2 cases had deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs, and 1 case had cardiac thrombosis and arterial embolism.The level of protein C was significantly decreased in 1 case, and the level of protein S in 1 case was significantly decreased in the laboratory test of thrombophilia; 2 cases were positive for antiphospholipid antibodies in the acute phase, but negative after 3-6 months of re-examination.Genetic analysis showed 2 cases of PROC gene mutation, 1 case of PROSI gene mutation, 1 case of F5 gene mutation, and 1 case of FGA gene mutation.All children were treated with anticoagulation drugs for long-term, including 4 patients with Warfarin and 1 patient with Rivaroxaban.The follow-up time ranged from 3 months to 5 years.During the follow-up, 1 patient experienced thrombosis recurrence due to infection incentives 1 month after discontinuing anticoagulant drugs on his own. Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of children with IT are the same as those of adults, mainly including venous thromboembolism(VTE); there are limitations in laboratory detection of thrombophilia, and gene analysis is of great significance.Children diagnosed with IT need long-term anticoagulant therapy to reduce the recurrence of VTE.

8.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1253-1258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Bushen Huoxue Decoction on ventricular remodeling and myocardial nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) protein in rats with chronic heart failure.Methods:60 male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (15 rats) and experimental group (45 rats). The rats of the experimental group was established CHF model by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery combined with exhaustive swimming and starvation. Rats with chronic heart failure were randomly divided into model group, Bushen Huoxue group and lisinopril group.The Bushen Huoxue group was perfused with 15.75 g/(kg·d) Bushen Huoxue Decoction, the lisinopril group was perfused with 1.8 mg/(kg·d) of lisinopril suspension, and the sham operation group and model group were perfused with equal volume of distilled water. After 4 weeks of administration, the general mental state of rats was observed. The left ventricular internal systolic diameter (LVIDs) and internal diastolic diameter (LVIDd) were measured by cardiac color Doppler ultrasound, and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and short axis shortening fraction (LVFS) were calculated. The expression of NF-κB protein in rat myocardium was detected by Western blot, and the morphology of left ventricular myocytes was observed by hematoxylin eosin staining.Results:Compared with the model group, the myocardial fibers of rats in Bushen Huoxue group and lisinopril group were arranged orderly, with few pyknosis, a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration. Compared with the model group, the levels of LVIDs [(6.00±0.58)mm vs. (6.99±0.90)mm] and LVIDd [(3.96±0.51)mm vs. (5.14±0.57)mm] significantly decreased, LVEF [(54.48±6.75)% vs. (30.28±4.85)%] and LVFS [(33.86±4.27)% vs. (26.10±4.96)%] significantly increased, as well as the expression of myocardial NF-κB (1.06±0.10 vs. 1.58±0.29) protein significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Bushen Huoxue Decoction can resist ventricular remodeling,improve cardiac function and treat heart failure of CHF rats and the possible mechanism might be it could down-regulate myocardial NF-κB expression.

9.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 582-586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954082

ABSTRACT

Mucus plugs is a feature of fatal asthma, which is the abnormally thick mucus accumulated in the airway of patients.The study of airway mucus plugs in asthmatic patients began 100 years ago.In addition to the manifestation of primary disease, asthma patients with mucus plugs may have acute exacerbation of asthma or poor treatment effect.At this time, we should pay attention to the existence of mucus plugs.Multidetector computed tomography can be used to identify and evaluate mucus plugs.This article briefly describes the generation of airway mucus, and introduces the formation mechanism, clinical characteristics, identification and scoring system of mucus plugs in asthmatic patients, and reviews the differential diagnosis and treatment of mucus plugs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 653-659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930491

ABSTRACT

Antipyretic-analgesics are currently one of the most prescribed drugs in children.The clinical application of antipyretic-analgesics for children in our country still have irrational phenomenon, which affects the therapeutic effect and even poses hidden dangers to the safety of children.In this paper, suggestions were put forward from the indications, dosage form/route, dosage suitability, pathophysiological characteristics of children with individual differences and drug interactions in the symptomatic treatment of febrile children, so as to provide reference for the general pharmacists when conducting prescription review.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 466-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930459

ABSTRACT

With the emergence of new respiratory virus, it is more apparent for the vulnerability of population to respiratory viral infection.Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) for respiratory virus infection have become the main way to prevent corona virus disease 2019.Some studies had proven its effectiveness.In addition, the NPIs also significantly reduced the incidence and hospitalization rate of other respiratory disease in children.NPIs for respiratory virus infection in children have its particularity and challenge.In daily life, it is important to guide children how to do the NPIs, so as to protect susceptible children and reduce the disease burden in children′s health system.Therefore, the aerosol transmission, the specificity of the NPIs in children, and the impact on childhood respiratory diseases are described in this article, to improve the prevention of common respiratory diseases in children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1373-1376, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907972

ABSTRACT

Anaphylaxis is a hypersensitivity reaction that is rapid in onset, multi-system involved and can be fatal.Adrenaline is the first-line treatment of anaphylaxis.Adrenaline autoinjector is an important device in emergent situation.In European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology anaphylaxis guideline updated in 2021, adrenaline autoinjector is systemically described and recommended.The following interpretation is focused on adrenaline autoinjector, including advantages, indications for prescription, pharmacokinetic data, dose and long-term management, aimed to enhance understanding of this device and standardize future application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 953-956, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features of children with autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) and the differential diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome and allergic diseases as well.Methods:All clinical data, including general information, clinical features, and genetic changes, from 7 children with AD-HIES who were diagnosed in Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from April 2016 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The diagnostic criteria are based on the National Institutes of Health′s (NIH)′s hyper-IgE syndrome score and combined with the results of gene detection, shown as follows: (1) NIH score over 40, with signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 gene ( STAT3) pathogenic mutation; (2) NIH score between 20 and 40, with reported STAT3 pathogenic mutation; (3) NIH score less than 20 points was excluded. Results:There were 3 males and 4 females.The onset age of 7 cases was within 2 months after birth, and the mean age at diagnosis was 3 years old.All seven cases had recurrent skin or lung infections, with 4 cases having skin and lung infections, 1 case of skin abscesses at the BCG vaccination site, and 2 cases without skin infection suffering from recurrent pneumonia.The mean onset age of skin abscess in 5 cases was 1.5 years, and pus culture of 3 cases were Staphylococcus aureus.Four cases developed bullae and 6 cases had lung infections.Four cases had otitis media, and oral thrush was seen in 4 cases.One case of skin and lung infection developed liver abscess and sepsis.Seven cases had eczema, which was disco-vered in the neonatal period for 6 cases.Four cases had the symptoms of eczema for the first visit.Two cases had food allergy, and 1 case had recurrent wheezing within 1 year old.The serum IgE level and blood eosinophil count in 7 children were elevated.All children had heterozygous pathogenic mutations in STAT3.Six patients had de novo mutations.There were 6 different mutation sites.The 4 mutation sites were reported: c.1145G>A, c.1144C>T, and c. 1699A>G were missense mutations, and c. 1139+ 5G>A was splicing mutation.Two mutation sites had not been reported: c.1031A>C was missense mutation, and c. 2050G>T was nonsense mutation.The pathogenic grade of them were likely pathogenic, and the NIH score of 2 cases were above 40 score, which was consistent with the clinical diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome. Conclusions:Eczema is a common and early clinical manifestation of hyper-IgE syndrome, along with elevated IgE levels and eosinophil counts that need to be differentiated from allergic diseases.On the contrary, it often had recurrent skin abscesses or pneumonia, which was prone to bullae.The clinical manifestations of young children were atypical, and genetic testing was helpful for early diagnosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 949-953, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA) in children suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF).Methods:An observational study was performed.All children who were admitted to the Department of Respiratory, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from August 2014 to June 2018, with more than 2 years of followed up for the diagnosis of CF accompanied by ABPA were involved.Results:Three children met the inclusion criteria, with 2 boys and 1 girl, and their diagnostic age were 14, 8 and 9 years old, respectively.The follow-up duration ranged from 2 to 6 years.All the 3 cases were treated with systemic corticosteroids and antifungal agent.In case 1, the initial dose of prednisone was 0.75 mg/(kg·d), and the course of treatment was more than 5 years.The corticosteroid-dependent patient suffered from expectoration and chest pain, and radiographic findings indicated exacerbation, while his lung function was normal.Treating with initial dose of prednisone 2 mg/(kg·d) for 9 months, case 2 had normal serum immunoglobulin E(IgE) concentration, but his pulmonary artery was infiltrated by lesions, thus leasing to lobectomy.In case 3, the initial dose of prednisone was 0.6 mg/(kg·d), and the course of treatment was 18 months.And she developed persistent hypoxemia, and decreased pulmonary function, so lung transplantation was necessary 2 years after diagnosis.Conclusions:Systemic glucocorticoid combined with antifungal therapy is the main treatment for CF with ABPA, but there are individual differences in the efficacy.The level of serum total IgE is not always consistent with lung function and chest images.The overall prognosis is poor, and it is infeasible to evaluate the prognosis by single factor.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 471-475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the death rate of asthma among Chinese people aged 0-19 years in 2018 and the trend of asthma mortality between 2008 and 2018, in order to guide the research of asthma control management and prevention strategy, and reduce the mortality of childhood asthma in China.Methods:Data from the national disease surveillance points system (DSPs) was adopted.The mortality rates of 0-19-year-old people in different age groups, genders, places of residence and geographical regions from 2008 to 2018 were calculated, and the national death toll of asthma was estimated as well.The annual percentage change (APC) and average annual percentage change (AAPC) were calculated, and the death rate of asthma among Chinese people aged 0-19 years in 2018 and change trend of asthma mortality from 2008 to 2018 were analyzed.Results:In 2018, there was no significant gender diffe-rence in asthma mortality among Chinese people aged 0-19 years among different age groups, places of residence and geographical regions(all P>0.05). From 2008 to 2018, the mortality rate of people aged 0-19 fluctuated from 0.023/100 000 to 0.046/100 000, the highest mortality rate was in 2009 and 2012, and the lowest was in 2018. It was estimated that the total number of deaths among people aged 0-19 years reached the highest in 2009 (148 cases) and the lowest in 2018 (70 cases). It is estimated that the total number of deaths among people aged 0-19 years in China from 2008 to 2018 was 1 158 cases.From 2008 to 2018, the total mortality rate of asthma in Chinese population aged 0-19 years decreased significantly (AAPC=-7.6%, 95% CI: -10.4%--4.7%). There was a significant decrease in male group(AAPC=-7.4%, 95% CI: -12.5%--2.0%), female group(AAPC=-7.5%, 95% CI: -12.7%--2.0%), 1-<5 years old group(AAPC=-11.4%, 95% CI: -17.9%--4.5%), 15-19 years old group(AAPC=-14.4%, 95% CI: -24.8%--2.6%), rural group(AAPC=-9.0%, 95% CI: -13.1%--4.8%) and central areas(AAPC=-13.1%, 95% CI: -24.0%--0.5%), with statistical significance(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The total mortality of asthma in 0-19-year old population decreased significantly from 2008 to 2018.The mortality rate of asthma in 0-19-year old people in China is at the low level around the world.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 447-452, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882848

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease in children.With the increasing use of inhaled corticosteroids, asthma deaths in the world have decreased by nearly two thirds.Mortality of childhood asthma is very low, ranging from 0 to 0.7/100 000, however, most of risk factors of asthma death could be avoidable.Risk factors of asthma death include poor asthma control, poor treatment compliance, insufficient medicine prescribed by doctors, insufficient monitoring of lung function, mental and psychological problems, food allergy, insufficient recognition and treatment of asthma exacerbation, improper use of β 2-receptor agonist, insufficient application of asthma action plan, et al.The mortality and risk factors of asthma in children were reviewed, which could support further improving asthma management strategies.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 431-437, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882845

ABSTRACT

Anaphylaxis is the most severe clinical presentation of acute systemic allergic reactions.The occurrence of anaphylaxis has increased in recent years, and subsequently, there is a need to continue disseminating knowledge on the diagnosis and management, so every healthcare professional is prepared to deal with such emergencies.This updated position document keep guidance aligned with the current state of the art of knowledge in anaphylaxis management including definition, diagnostic criteria, severity grading, elicitors and cofactors, acute treatment and long-term management of anaphylaxis.Intramuscular Adrenaline continues to be the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis.After an anaphylaxis occurrence, patients should be referred to a specialist to assess the potential cause and to be educated on prevention of recurrences and self-management.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 410-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882843

ABSTRACT

Anaphylaxis is increasingly in children, which is currently undernotified, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in China.In order to further improved the understanding and management of anaphylaxis, this issue reviews the pathogenesis, triggers and risk factors, clinical diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis, thus offers the recommedations of anaphylaxis in Chinese children based on previous published evidence-based guidelines and practice parameters.Recommendation aims to develop guiding principles for the diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis in children, and provide a framework for the development of new guidelines.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 129-133, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743491

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of community-acquired influenza virus pneumonia in hospitalized children and improve the clinicians' understanding level of this disease.Methods Data of 70 cases with community-acquired influenza virus pneumonia admitted to the Respiratory Department and Infectious Disease,Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University,from November 2009 to April 2018 were collected and the clinical characteristics were analyzed.Results Of the 70 cases,61 cases(89.7%) were discharged after improvement.The median age was 3.5 years old,and 50 cases(71.4%) were 0 to 5 years old.There were 29 cases with severe influenza pneumonia,41 cases with mild influenza pneumonia,3 cases died,and 19 cases (27.1%) had underlying diseases.Sixty-four cases (91.4%) were hospitalized in winter and spring.The first symptoms were mainly fever in 64 cases (91.4%) and cough in 65 cases (92.9%),and temperatures were mostly from 39.1 ℃ to 41.0 ℃.Lung auscultation was dominated by moist rales (30 cases,58.8%) and wheezing (8 cases,15.7%).There were many complications of influenza virus pneumonia,including 19 cases with myocardial injury,11 cases with liver function injury,4 cases with toxic encephalopathy,3 cases with electrolyte disturbance,2 cases with multiple organ failure,2 cases with hemophagocytic syndrome,and 1 case with septic shock.Chest radiographic results reveal bilateral inflammation in 40 children (57.1%),prodominatly in lower lobe lesions (39 cases).The common changes were patchy shadow,interstitial parenchymal lesion,ground glass shadow,and pleural effusion.Forty-seven children (67.1%) were infected by influenza A,and 23 children(32.9%) were co-infected.The percentage of severe cases with underlying diseases (68.4%) was significantly higher than that in children without chronic diseases (31.4%),the difference was statistically significant (x2 =7.830,P =0.005).The increase rate of C reaction protein (CRP) in severe cases (54.3%) was significantly higher than that in mild cases (28.6%),the difference was statistically significant (x2 =4.769,P =0.029).Conclusions Community-acquired influenza virus pneumonia in children mainly occurs in winter and spring.It is more common seen in children under 5 years of age.The main clinical manifestations of community-acquired influenza virus pneumonia are high fever and cough,extrapulmonary complications are more common.Most children have moist rales and showed bilateral inflammation and lower lobe lesions in chest radiography.Children with underlying diseases are more likely to develop severe influenza virus pneumonia.Elevated CRP is associated with severe influenza virus pneumonia.Most patients have a good prognosis,but there are still cases of death.

20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1137-1140, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776200

ABSTRACT

The new style spectacle frame for eye moxibustion is designed, which is characterized by adjustable direction, constant temperature and smoke absorption. Combined with mechanical structure design and physical and chemical technology, a new style of moxibustion spectacle frame is designed by means of spring mechanism, damping bearing, filter cotton, etc. The moxibustion spectacle frame includes the right and left eye frames, spectacle legs, nose mask, eye mask, slide rod, screw rod, spring structure, damping bearing, support rod and pin. The eye mask can prevent from the risks induced by the burning moxa stick. A ventilate hole is designed in the lower part of the nose mask to keep breathing unobstructed. In the upper end of the ventilate hole, a filter cotton is placed to prevent from moxa smoke penetrating to the nasal cavity. The spring structure can keep relatively the fixed distance between the combustion area and the acupoints. Such device ensures the safety of eye moxibustion, reduces the complexity of operation and is suitable for moxibustion treatment for all kinds of eye diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Eyeglasses , Moxibustion , Smoke , Temperature
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