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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847687

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The repair of cranio-maxillofacial bone defects is still facing severe challenges, and the introduction of the concept of bone regeneration points out a new direction for this problem. Adipose-derived stem cells are easy to access and have strong osteogenic differentiation capacity, which are considered as ideal seed cells for cranio-maxillofacial bone regeneration. OBJECTIVE: To review the influencing factors of osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells as well as the research progress in cranio-maxillofacial bone regeneration, thus providing ideas for further study on adipose-derived stem cells in promoting cranio-maxillofacial bone regeneration. METHODS: A computer-based online search of PubMed, Wanfang, and CNKI databases was performed to retrieve papers published from January 2013 to February 2020 with the search terms of “adipose-derived stem cells, cranio-maxillofacial, oral tissue regeneration, periodontal tissue regeneration, bone regeneration, bone defects, osteogenesis” in English and Chinese. Finally, 88 papers were included for summary. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Adipose-derived stem cells can be induced to differentiate to osteoblasts and are easy to acquire in large quantities. It has a strong ability of expansion in vitro and has a broad application prospect in the field of cranio-maxillofacial bone regeneration. miRNAs/microRNAs play a role in the osteogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells. The osteogenic differentiation ability of adipose-derived stem cells can be improved by the means of co-culture with other cells, combined with platelet-rich plasma or modified titanium and gene technology. Compared with conventional extracorporeal scaffolds, adipose-derived stem cells combined with injectable scaffolds have greater potential in osteogenesis. Some progress has been made in repairing cranio-maxillofacial bone defects with adipose-derived stem cells, but there is still a lack of sufficient evidence in large-scale clinical trials.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 569-572, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313084

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of maternal physiology, mentality and prenatal health care on low birth weight (LBW). Methods A LBW-small for gestation age (SGA)-control group retrospective study was conducted based upon a population of infants born from November 2004 to June 2006. 896 cases involved in this study were entirely under voluntary participation and subject could withdraw their consent at any point. All subject recruitment and enrollment took place at Fujian Provincial Maternal and Children Hospital at the time of delivery. Using χ2 test for single factor analysis and logistic regression for multiple analyses Results There were 15 out of 22 single factors having statistical significances, including 2 maternal psychological, 4 physiological, 6 pathological and 3 prenatal health care factors respectively. When multi-factorial stepwise regression analyses was performed, there were 9 factors for main relative factors of LBW ,including women's height, number of prenatal examination, in-normal non-stress test, umbilical cord around the neck, retardation of the umbilical blood flow, week of gestation when the first examination was performed, premature rupture of membrane, preference on the sex of the infant, abnormal family history etc.were influencing the existence of LBW. Awareness on health information appeared to be a protective factor,suggesting that LBW could be prevented during the pregnant period. Conclusion Multiple factors seemed to be contributing to the incidence of low birth weight.

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