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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 124-132, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare long-term clinical outcomes according to the use of emergency medical services (EMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who arrived at the hospital within 12 hr of symptom onset. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 13104 patients with acute myocardial infarction were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry–National Institutes of Health from October 2011 to December 2015. Of them, 2416 patients with STEMI who arrived at the hospital within 12 hr were divided into two groups: 987 patients in the EMS group and 1429 in the non-EMS group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce bias from confounding variables. After PSM, 796 patients in the EMS group and 796 patients in the non-EMS group were analyzed. The clinical outcomes during 3 years of clinical follow-up were compared between the two groups according to the use of EMS. @*Results@#The symptom-to-door time was significantly shorter in the EMS group than in the non-EMS group. The EMS group had more patients with high Killip class compared to the non-EMS group. The rates of all-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were not significantly different between the two groups. After PSM, the rate of all-cause death and MACE were still not significantly different between the EMS and non-EMS groups. The predictors of mortality were high Killip class, renal dysfunction, old age, long door-to-balloon time, long symptom-to-door time, and heart failure. @*Conclusion@#EMS utilization was more frequent in high-risk patients. The use of EMS shortened the symptom-to-door time, but did not improve the prognosis in this cohort.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915498

ABSTRACT

Background@#Tacrolimus is the most commonly used immunosuppressive drug in solid organ transplantation. After administering a conventional twice-daily dose of tacrolimus, peak levels were achieved within the first 1.5 to 2 hours. A group of patients showed different early absorption phase of tacrolimus after kidney transplantation. @*Methods@#Trough(C0 ) and 1.5-hour blood levels (C1.5 ) of tacrolimus were measured in 95 kidney transplantation recipients. Patients with a C1.5 /C0 1.5 were defined as those having flat pattern peaks and as controls, respectively. Transplantation outcomes were compared between the groups. Whole exome sequencing was performed to investigate the genetic susceptibility to flat pattern peaks. @*Results@#Twenty-eight patients showed flat pattern peaks. The mean C1.5 /C0 values were 1.13 ± 0.22 and 3.78 ± 1.25 in the flat pattern peak and control groups, respectively. In multivariate analysis, flat pattern peak was an independent risk factor for biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) and/or borderline change (P = 0.014). Patients having flat pattern peaks showed significantly lower post-transplant 36-month estimated glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.001). Two single nucleotide variants in ABCB1 genes, rs1922242 and rs2235035, were associated with flat pattern peaks (P = 0.019 and P = 0.027, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Both of C1.5 and C0should be measured to distinguish the patients showing unique initial absorption. A C1.5 /C0 ratio lower than 1.5 was associated with an increased risk of BPAR and/or borderline change. Single nucleotide variants s in ABCB1 gene might influence the flat pattern peaks of tacrolimus absorption.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939093

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an adverse cardiac event in patients with a first AMI. The predictors of recurrent AMI after the first AMI in patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been elucidated. @*Methods@#We analyzed the data collected from 9,869 patients (63.2 ± 12.4 years, men:women = 7,446:2,423) who were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health between November 2011 and October 2015, had suffered their first AMI and had received successful PCI during the index hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors of recurrent AMI following the first AMI. @*Results@#The cumulative incidence of recurrent AMI after successful PCI was 3.6% (359/9,869). According to the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the significant predictive factors for recurrent AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease. @*Conclusions@#In this Korean prospective cohort study, the independent predictors of recurrent AMI after successful PCI for the first AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939092

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Little is known about the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) era. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with STEMI in the COVID-19 era. @*Methods@#A total of 588 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included in this study. The patients were categorized into the COVID-19 (from January 20, 2020 to December 31, 2020) and control groups (from January 20, 2019 to December 31, 2019). @*Results@#The COVID-19 group showed pre-hospital and in-hospital delays than the control group. The control group underwent more thrombus aspiration and had a higher proportion of left main coronary artery diseases, while the COVID-19 group had a higher proportion of multivessel diseases with a marked increase in the number and total length of stents than the control group. As for the prescribed medications, the COVID-19 group was administered more beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, and statins than the control group. The clinical outcomes were comparable between the groups, except for higher incidences of atrioventricular block and temporary pacemaker implantation in the COVID-19 group. @*Conclusions@#Reperfusion after STEMI treatment during the COVID-19 period was delayed; therefore, efforts should be made to improve on reperfusion.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-177, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937760

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) does not have defined therapeutic targets and is currently treated with chemotherapy only. Kinase dysregulation triggers cancer cell proliferation and metastasis and is a crucial therapeutic target for cancer. In this study, targeted kinome sequencing of TNBC tumors was performed to assess the association between kinome gene alterations and disease outcomes in TNBC. @*Methods@#A kinome gene panel consisting of 612 genes was used for the targeted sequencing of 166 TNBC samples and matched normal tissues. Analyses of the significantly mutated genes were performed. Genomic differences between Asian and non-Asian patients with TNBC were evaluated using two Asian TNBC datasets (from Seoul National University Hospital [SNUH] and Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center [FUSCC]) and three nonAsian TNBC datasets (The Cancer Genome Atlas [TCGA], METABRIC, and Gustave Roussy).The prognostic value of kinome gene mutations was evaluated using tumor mutational burden (TMB) and oncogenic pathway analyses. Mutational profiles from the TCGA were used for validation. @*Results@#The significantly mutated genes included TP53 (60% of patients), PIK3CA (21%), BRCA2 (8%), and ATM (8%). Compared with data from non-Asian public databases, the mutation rates of PIK3CA p.H1047R/Q were significantly higher in the SNUH cohort (p = 0.003, 0.048, and 0.032, respectively). This was verified using the FUSCC dataset (p = 0.003, 0.078, and 0.05, respectively). The TMB-high group showed a trend toward longer progression-free survival in our cohort and the TCGA TNBC cohort (p = 0.041 and 0.195, respectively). Kinome gene alterations in the Wnt pathway in patients with TNBC were associated with poor survival in both datasets (p = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Comprehensive analyses of kinome gene alterations in TNBC revealed genomic alterations that offer therapeutic targets and should help identify high-risk patients more precisely in future studies.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927033

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Rapid percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the cornerstone of treatment for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, there have been conflicting results regarding the differences in clinical outcomes between on-hours and off-hours presentation in STEMI patients. We aimed to examine the difference in long-term outcomes between off-hours and on-hours PCI in patients with STEMI. @*Methods@#The characteristics and clinical outcomes of 5,364 STEMI patients between November 2011 and June 2015 from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health (KAMIR-NIH) registry were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups: the off-hours group (weekdays from 6:01 PM to 7:59 AM, weekends, and legal holidays) and the on-hours group (weekdays from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) were defined as a composite of allcause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, any revascularization, cerebrovascular accident, and stent thrombosis. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACCEs, and all other clinical outcomes were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 3,119 patients (58.1%) underwent primary PCI due to STEMI during off-hours and 2,245 patients (41.9%) during on-hours. At 36 months, the clinical outcomes of the off-hours group were similar to those of the on-hours group in both the unadjusted and propensity score weighting-adjusted analyses. @*Conclusions@#Our analysis revealed that the long-term outcomes in STEMI patients admitted to hospitals during off-hours were similar to outcomes of those admitted during on-hours.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927015

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is conventionally recognized as an urgent medical condition requiring timely and effective reperfusion therapy. However, the results of studies on the clinical outcomes in AMI according to hospital visit timings are inconclusive. To explore the difference in long-term outcomes between off- and on-hour percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with AMI of Killip functional classification III–IV (Killip III–IV AMI). @*Methods@#Data on the characteristics and clinical outcomes of 1,751 patients with Killip III–IV AMI between November 2011 and June 2015 from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health registry were analyzed. All participants were allocated into two groups: off-hour (weekdays from 6:00 PM to 8:00 AM, weekends, and legal holidays) and on-hour (weekdays from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM) groups. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, any revascularization, cerebrovascular accident, and stent thrombosis, was the primary endpoint. @*Results@#Among the 1,751 patients, 572 (39.1%) underwent PCI during on-hours and 892 (60.9%) during off-hours. At the 3-year follow-up, no significant difference was found in the clinical outcomes between the two groups in both the unadjusted and propensity-score weighing-adjusted analyses. @*Conclusions@#The outcomes of patients with Killip III–IV AMI admitted during off- and on-hours were similar.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 460-474, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926523

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study aimed to investigate the association between cardiovascular events and 2 different levels of elevated on-treatment diastolic blood pressures (DBP) in the presence of achieved systolic blood pressure targets (SBP). @*Methods@#A nation-wide population-based cohort study comprised 237,592 patients with hypertension treated. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Elevated DBP was defined according to the Seventh Report of Joint National Committee (JNC7; SBP <140 mmHg, DBP ≥90 mmHg) or to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) definitions (SBP <130 mmHg, DBP ≥80 mmHg). @*Results@#During a median follow-up of 9 years, elevated on-treatment DBP by the JNC7 definition was associated with an increased risk of the occurrence of primary endpoint compared with achieved both SBP and DBP (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.05–1.24) but not in those by the 2017 ACC/AHA definition. Elevated ontreatment DBP by the JNC7 definition was associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality (aHR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.18–1.70) and stroke (aHR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.08–1.30). Elevated on-treatment DBP by the 2017 ACC/AHA definition was only associated with stroke (aHR, 1.10;95% CI, 1.04–1.16). Similar results were seen in the propensity-score-matched cohort. @*Conclusion@#Elevated on-treatment DBP by the JNC7 definition was associated a high risk of major cardiovascular events, while elevated DBP by the 2017 ACC/AHA definition was only associated with a higher risk of stroke. The result of study can provide evidence of DBP targets in subjects who achieved SBP targets.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892345

ABSTRACT

Background@#Titanium dioxide films exhibit good biocompatibility and may be effective as drug-binding matrices for drug-eluting stents. We conducted a mid-term evaluation of a novel polymer-free everolimus-eluting stent using nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide film deposition (TIGEREVOLUTION® ) in comparison with a commercial durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (XIENCE Alpine® ) in a porcine coronary restenosis model. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight coronary arteries from 14 mini-pigs were randomly allocated to TIGEREVOLUTION® stent and XIENCE Alpine® stent groups. The stents were implanted in the coronary artery at a 1.1–1.2:1 stent-to-artery ratio. Eleven stented coronary arteries in each group were finally analyzed using coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic evaluation 6 months after stenting. @*Results@#Quantitative coronary analysis showed no significant differences in the preprocedural, post-procedural, and 6-month lumen diameters between the groups. In the volumetric analysis of optical coherence tomography at 6 months, no significant differences were observed in stent volume, lumen volume, and percent area stenosis between the groups. There were no significant differences in injury score, inflammation score, or fibrin score between the groups, although the fibrin score was zero in the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent group (0 vs. 0.07 ± 0.11, P = 0.180). @*Conclusion@#Preclinical evaluation, including optical coherence tomographic findings 6 months after stenting, demonstrated that the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent exhibited efficacy and safety comparable with the XIENCE Alpine® stent, supporting the need for further clinical studies on the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent.

10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 315-324, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875581

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To determine seasonal variations in serum potassium levels among hemodialysis patients. @*Materials and Methods@#This was a multicenter cohort study of patients whounderwent hemodialysis and were registered in DialysisNet at our four associated general hospitals between January and December 2016. Month-to-month potassium variability was quantified as SD/√{n/(n-1)}, and a non-hierarchical method was used to cluster groups according to potassium trajectories. Seasonal variations in potassium levels were analyzed using a cosinor analysis. @*Results@#The analysis was performed on 279 patients with a mean potassium level of 5.08±0.58 mmol/L. After clustering, 52.3% (n=146) of patients were included in the moderate group (K+ , 4.6±0.4 mmol/L) and 47.7% (n=133) in the high group (K+ , 5.6±0.4 mmol/L). The mean potassium level peaked in January in the moderate group (4.83±0.74 mmol/L) and in August in the high group (5.51±0.70 mmol/L). In the high potassium group, potassium levels were significantly higher in summer than in autumn (p<0.001) and spring (p=0.007). Month-to-month potassium variability was greater in the high group than in the moderate group (0.59±0.19 mmol/L vs. 0.52±0.21 mmol/L, respectively, p=0.012). Compared to patients in the first quartile of potassium variability (≤0.395 mmol/L), those with higher variability (2nd–4th quartiles) were 2.8–4.2 fold more likely to be in the high potassium group. @*Conclusion@#Different seasonal patterns of serum potassium were identified in the moderate and high potassium groups, with potassium levels being significantly higher in the summer season in the high potassium group and in winter for the moderate potassium group.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875494

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study compared long-term clinical outcomes between male and female acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). @*Methods@#From November 2011 to December 2015, 13,104 patients with AMI were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry National Institutes of Health (KAMIR-NIH) (4,458 diabetic patients and 8,646 non-diabetic patients). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias due to confounding variables. Following PSM, 2,046 diabetic patients, 1,023 males (69.8 ± 9.4 years) and 1,023 females (69.9 ± 9.4 years); and 3,412 non-diabetic patients, 1,706 males (70.0 ± 10.4 years) and 1,706 females (70.4 ± 10.8 years) were analyzed. Clinical outcomes were compared between male and female patients with and without diabetes over a 3-year clinical follow-up. @*Results@#In diabetic patients, mortality (21.1% vs. 21.5%, p = 0.813) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (30.6% vs. 31.4%, p = 0.698) were not significantly different between males and females. However, mortality (15.8% vs. 12.0%, p = 0.002) and MACE (20.8% vs. 15.6%, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in male non-diabetic patients than in female non-diabetic patients. The predictors of mortality for both males and females in the diabetic and non-diabetic groups were old age, heart failure, renal dysfunction, anemia, and no percutaneous coronary intervention. @*Conclusions@#The long-term clinical outcomes in AMI patients with DM did not significantly differ by sex. However, the mortality and MACE in non-diabetic male patients were higher than those in females.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875459

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics, and clinical outcomes of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) in young female patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). @*Methods@#We identified 8,250 patients diagnosed with AMI who underwent coronary angiogram from the Chonnam National University Hospital database, Gwangju, Korea, between November 2005 and September 2017. A total of 148 female patients aged less than 60 years with a history of AMI were retrospectively studied and the characteristics and clinical outcomes were evaluated for all SCAD patients. @*Results@#Among female patients with AMI aged less than 60 years, the prevalence of SCAD was 8.78% (13 of 148). Based on the angiographic classification, type 2 SCAD was most commonly observed on angiograms in 69.2% of the cases (nine of 13), followed by type 3 in 23.1% (three of 13), and type 1 in 7.7% (one of 13). Furthermore, the left anterior descending (LAD) artery was the most commonly affected coronary artery (76.9%, 10 of 13 cases) and the distal segments of the coronary arteries were the most common sites of SCAD (92.3%, 12 of 13). Regarding the clinical outcomes, one of 13 patients experienced repeat revascularization during the following 31 months. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of SCAD was 8.7%, indicating that SCAD is not rare, among female patients aged less than 60 years with AMI in Korea. Type 2 SCAD was most commonly observed on angiogram. Moreover, the distal portion of the LAD was the segment most commonly affected by SCAD. The long-term clinical outcomes were favorable in patients surviving SCAD.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904267

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare mortality rates after discharge between the patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and identify each mortality risk factors in these two types of myocardial infarction. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2011 and 2015, 13105 consecutive patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health registry (KAMIR-NIH); 12271 patients with acute myocardial infarction met the inclusion criteria and were further stratified into the STEMI (n=5828) and NSTEMI (n=6443) groups. The occurrence of mortality and cardiac mortality at 3 years were compared between groups, and the factors associated with mortality for NSTEMI and STEMI were evaluated. @*Results@#The comparison between these two groups and long-term follow-up outcomes showed that the cumulative rates of allcause and cardiac mortality were higher in the NSTEMI group than in the STEMI group [all-cause mortality: 10.9% vs. 5.8%; hazards ratio (HR), 0.464; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.359–0.600, p100 beats/min), no PCI, and low hemoglobin level were identified as the risk factors for 3-year mortality. @*Conclusion@#The NSTEMI group had higher mortality compared to the STEMI group during the 3-year clinical follow-up after discharge. Low LVEF and no PCI were the main risk factors for mortality in the NSTEMI group. In contrast, old age and renal dysfunction were the risk factors for long-term mortality in the STEMI group.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903728

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The clinical characteristics of patients with masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) have been poorly defined, and few studies have investigated the clinical predictors of MUCH. We investigated the demographic, clinical, and blood pressure (BP) characteristics of patients with MUCH and proposed a prediction model for MUCH in patients with hypertension. @*Methods@#We analyzed 1,986 subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (Kor-ABP) Registry and taking antihypertensive drugs, and classified them into the controlled hypertension (n = 465) and MUCH (n = 389) groups. MUCH was defined as the presence of a 24-hour ambulatory mean systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 80 mmHg in patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, having normal office BP. @*Results@#Patients in the MUCH group had significantly worse metabolic profiles and higher office BP, and took significantly fewer antihypertensive drugs compared to those in the controlled hypertension group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified high office systolic BP and diastolic BP, prior stroke, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, ≥ 116 g/m2 for men, and ≥ 96 g/m2 for women), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min), and single antihypertensive drug use as independent predictors of MUCH. A prediction model using these predictors showed a high diagnostic accuracy (C-index of 0.839) and goodness-of-fit for the presence of MUCH. @*Conclusions@#MUCH is associated with a high-normal increase in office BP and underuse of antihypertensive drugs, as well as dyslipidemia, prior stroke, and LVH, which could underscore achieving optimal BP control. The proposed model accurately predicts MUCH in patients with controlled office BP.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903699

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-TnT) assays detect very low levels of cardiac troponin. This study examined the interval change between initial and subsequent hs-TnT levels and evaluated its ability to predict significant coronary stenosis. @*Methods@#The study analyzed 163 patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) between April 2014 and May 2018. The 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT were checked. The patients were subdivided into positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 131) interval change groups. The presence of significant coronary artery stenosis on CAG in the two groups was compared. @*Results@#The positive interval change group was older and had higher 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT and blood glucose levels than the negative interval change group. Significant coronary stenosis was more common in the positive interval change group than in the negative interval change group (68.8% vs. 23.7%, p = 0.001). However, vasospasm was more common in the negative interval change group (6.3% vs. 31.3%, p = 0.003). The positive interval change group had higher rates of bifurcation lesions and received more percutaneous coronary intervention. In multivariate analysis, age, interval change of serial hs-TnT and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of significant coronary artery stenosis. @*Conclusions@#This study identified a relationship between the serial change in cardiac biomarkers and the presence of significant coronary stenosis in patients with ACS. Serial hs-TnT change was associated with real angiographic stenosis in patients with ACS.

16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 533-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901633

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The study sought to investigate the impact of early extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support before revascularization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. It is difficult to determine optimal timing of ECMO in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. @*Methods@#Among 116,374 patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in South Korea, a total of 184 resuscitated patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock, and who were treated successfully with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and ECMO, were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of ECMO: pre-PCI ECMO (n=117) and post-PCI ECMO (n=67). We compared 30-day mortality between the 2 groups. @*Results@#In-hospital mortality was 78.8% in the entire study population and significantly lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group (73.5% vs. 88.1%, p=0.020). Thirty-day mortality was also lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group compared to the post-PCI ECMO group (74.4% vs.91.0%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47–0.93; p=0.017). Shockable rhythm at the emergency room (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.36–0.91; p=0.019) and successful therapeutic hypothermia (HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23–0.69; p=0.001) were also associated with improved 30-day survival. @*Conclusions@#ECMO support before revascularization was associated with an improved short-term survival rate compared to ECMO after revascularization in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900049

ABSTRACT

Background@#Titanium dioxide films exhibit good biocompatibility and may be effective as drug-binding matrices for drug-eluting stents. We conducted a mid-term evaluation of a novel polymer-free everolimus-eluting stent using nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide film deposition (TIGEREVOLUTION® ) in comparison with a commercial durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (XIENCE Alpine® ) in a porcine coronary restenosis model. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight coronary arteries from 14 mini-pigs were randomly allocated to TIGEREVOLUTION® stent and XIENCE Alpine® stent groups. The stents were implanted in the coronary artery at a 1.1–1.2:1 stent-to-artery ratio. Eleven stented coronary arteries in each group were finally analyzed using coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic evaluation 6 months after stenting. @*Results@#Quantitative coronary analysis showed no significant differences in the preprocedural, post-procedural, and 6-month lumen diameters between the groups. In the volumetric analysis of optical coherence tomography at 6 months, no significant differences were observed in stent volume, lumen volume, and percent area stenosis between the groups. There were no significant differences in injury score, inflammation score, or fibrin score between the groups, although the fibrin score was zero in the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent group (0 vs. 0.07 ± 0.11, P = 0.180). @*Conclusion@#Preclinical evaluation, including optical coherence tomographic findings 6 months after stenting, demonstrated that the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent exhibited efficacy and safety comparable with the XIENCE Alpine® stent, supporting the need for further clinical studies on the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent.

18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896563

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare mortality rates after discharge between the patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and identify each mortality risk factors in these two types of myocardial infarction. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2011 and 2015, 13105 consecutive patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health registry (KAMIR-NIH); 12271 patients with acute myocardial infarction met the inclusion criteria and were further stratified into the STEMI (n=5828) and NSTEMI (n=6443) groups. The occurrence of mortality and cardiac mortality at 3 years were compared between groups, and the factors associated with mortality for NSTEMI and STEMI were evaluated. @*Results@#The comparison between these two groups and long-term follow-up outcomes showed that the cumulative rates of allcause and cardiac mortality were higher in the NSTEMI group than in the STEMI group [all-cause mortality: 10.9% vs. 5.8%; hazards ratio (HR), 0.464; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.359–0.600, p100 beats/min), no PCI, and low hemoglobin level were identified as the risk factors for 3-year mortality. @*Conclusion@#The NSTEMI group had higher mortality compared to the STEMI group during the 3-year clinical follow-up after discharge. Low LVEF and no PCI were the main risk factors for mortality in the NSTEMI group. In contrast, old age and renal dysfunction were the risk factors for long-term mortality in the STEMI group.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896024

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The clinical characteristics of patients with masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) have been poorly defined, and few studies have investigated the clinical predictors of MUCH. We investigated the demographic, clinical, and blood pressure (BP) characteristics of patients with MUCH and proposed a prediction model for MUCH in patients with hypertension. @*Methods@#We analyzed 1,986 subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (Kor-ABP) Registry and taking antihypertensive drugs, and classified them into the controlled hypertension (n = 465) and MUCH (n = 389) groups. MUCH was defined as the presence of a 24-hour ambulatory mean systolic BP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 80 mmHg in patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, having normal office BP. @*Results@#Patients in the MUCH group had significantly worse metabolic profiles and higher office BP, and took significantly fewer antihypertensive drugs compared to those in the controlled hypertension group. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified high office systolic BP and diastolic BP, prior stroke, dyslipidemia, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, ≥ 116 g/m2 for men, and ≥ 96 g/m2 for women), high heart rate (≥ 75 beats/min), and single antihypertensive drug use as independent predictors of MUCH. A prediction model using these predictors showed a high diagnostic accuracy (C-index of 0.839) and goodness-of-fit for the presence of MUCH. @*Conclusions@#MUCH is associated with a high-normal increase in office BP and underuse of antihypertensive drugs, as well as dyslipidemia, prior stroke, and LVH, which could underscore achieving optimal BP control. The proposed model accurately predicts MUCH in patients with controlled office BP.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895995

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-TnT) assays detect very low levels of cardiac troponin. This study examined the interval change between initial and subsequent hs-TnT levels and evaluated its ability to predict significant coronary stenosis. @*Methods@#The study analyzed 163 patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) between April 2014 and May 2018. The 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT were checked. The patients were subdivided into positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 131) interval change groups. The presence of significant coronary artery stenosis on CAG in the two groups was compared. @*Results@#The positive interval change group was older and had higher 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT and blood glucose levels than the negative interval change group. Significant coronary stenosis was more common in the positive interval change group than in the negative interval change group (68.8% vs. 23.7%, p = 0.001). However, vasospasm was more common in the negative interval change group (6.3% vs. 31.3%, p = 0.003). The positive interval change group had higher rates of bifurcation lesions and received more percutaneous coronary intervention. In multivariate analysis, age, interval change of serial hs-TnT and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of significant coronary artery stenosis. @*Conclusions@#This study identified a relationship between the serial change in cardiac biomarkers and the presence of significant coronary stenosis in patients with ACS. Serial hs-TnT change was associated with real angiographic stenosis in patients with ACS.

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