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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1455-1462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970617

ABSTRACT

With Zang-Fu organs, meridians, Qi and blood, and body fluid as the physiological and pathological basis, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory is guided by the holistic concept and characterized by syndrome differentiation. It has made significant contributions to human health maintenance and disease prevention. Modern TCM preparation is developed on the basis of inheriting and developing TCM preparations using modern science and technology under the guidance of TCM theory. At present, the incidence and mortality of common tumors are increasing. TCM has rich clinical experience in the treatment of tumors. However, in the current stage, some TCM preparations have a tendency to deviate from the guidance of TCM theory. With the modernization of TCM, it is worth considering how TCM theory guides modern TCM preparations. Taking tumor treatment as an example, this paper introduced the development of TCM nano-preparation under the influence of modern nanotechnology, summarized the research on the development of modern TCM nano-preparation from the aspects of TCM holistic concept, TCM treatment principles, and TCM theory application, and discussed the application prospect of TCM nano-preparation in overall therapy, drug pairing, carrier selection, and targeted substance selection under the guidance of TCM theory. This paper provides new references for further developing the combination of tradition and modernization of TCM nano-preparation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Biological Products , Nanotechnology , Neoplasms/drug therapy
2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-9, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905951

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on fingerprint, index component content and dry extract yield, a quality evaluation method for substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was established to study the key quality attributes, to explore the quantitative transfer relationship between decoction pieces and substance benchmark, and to preliminarily formulate the quality standard of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan. Method:The substance benchmark of Xiebaisan was prepared according to the records of ancient formulas, fingerprints of 15 batches of decoction pieces and substance benchmarks were collected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the index components were determined with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution for gradient elution. The dry extract yield, fingerprint similarity and transfer rate of index components were combined to study the quantity value transmitting. Result:Ten characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprint of the substance benchmark and two characteristic peaks from stir-fried Mori Cortex, four characteristic peaks from baked Lycii Cortex, four characteristic peaks from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata cum Melle. Mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid were used as index components for the determination, the contents of mulberroside A, liquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid in substance benchmark of Xiebaisan were 2.69%-4.26%, 0.09%-0.17% and 0.09%-0.16%, and their transfer rates were (31.37±4.14)%, (36.12±4.03)% and (12.25±0.88)%, respectively. The similarity of fingerprint of substance benchmarks was good, the fingerprint similarities of 14 batches of substance benchmarks and control fingerprint were >0.9. The dry extract yield of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan ranged from 8.09% to 11.29%. Conclusion:The established quality evaluation method of substance benchmark of Xiebaisan is scientific and reasonable, and the transfer process of decoction pieces to substance benchmarks is stable and controllable. The preliminary quality standard of the substance benchmark can provide basis and reference for the development of modern preparations of Xiebaisan in the future.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 810-819, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 572-578, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008540

ABSTRACT

Famous traditional formula Sanpian Decoction(SPD)comes from Dialectical Records of Chen Shiduo of the Qing Dynasty,and ranks among 100 classic prescriptions of Classic Famous Traditional Formula catalogue(the First Batch). SPD was prepared according to Management Standards for Traditional Chinese Medicine Decoction Room in Medical Institutions. According to the polarity of different components in SPD,two HPLC fingerprints were established, in which six herbs, namely Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Paeoniae Randix Alba, Sinapis Semen, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Pruni Semen, Angelicae Dahuricae Radix,are all reflected in the fingerprints; The dry extract rate, transfer rate and similarities of fingerprints were used as indicators to study the relationship between the quality value transmitting of medicinal herbs-decoction pieces-whole decoction of Chuanxiong Rhizoma. Experiment result shows that,the transfer rate of ferulic acid from medicinal herbs to decoction pieces is between 72.00% and 108.36%; the transfer rate of ferulic acid from decoction pieces to SPD is between 31.76% and 64.09%; the dry extract rate of the whole decoction is between 14.69% and 20.16%;The similarity range of fingerprint 1 of 15 batches of SPD is between 0.971 and 0.998, and the similarity range of fingerprint 2 is between 0.980 and 0.996. The established fingerprint has rich information,and the established quality evaluation method is suitable for the quality control of medicinal herbs-decoction pieces-whole decoction of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, which can provide a certain reference for developing the quality control evaluation method for formulated granules, famous formulae and other terminal products derived from traditional Chinese medicine decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Rhizome
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 183-188, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801714

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of four kinds of decocting containers on the content of sinapine and the HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction,so as to optimize decocting container for the development of classical formulas. Method: Selecting four kinds of decoction vessels,named traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot as the research object,the content of sinapine in Sinapis Semen decoction and its HPLC specific chromatograms were used as indexes to investigate the influence of different decoction vessels on the decoction.Similarity evaluation of specific chromatograms was performed by the "Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine"(edition of 2004A). Result: The contents of sinapine in the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.04%,0.07%,0.84% and 0.97%,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by traditional casserole,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.98,0.82 and 0.68,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by ceramic pot,the similarities of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask and stainless-steel pot were 0.79 and 0.62,respectively.Compared with specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by round-bottom flask,the similarity of specific chromatograms of the decoction prepared by stainless-steel pot was 0.97. Conclusion: The content of sinapine and HPLC specific chromatograms of Sinapis Semen decoction obtained from different decocting containers are quite different.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5421-5428, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008415

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction,the methodology of the characteristic spectrum of the material reference was created. The creaming rate range,the contents and the transfer rate range of cinnamaldehyde,glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhizic acid,the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum of Linggui Zhugan Decoction were determined to clarify key quality attributes of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. In the 10 batches of the material reference of Linggui Zhugan Decoction,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 9. Furthermore,after summarizing the characteristic peak information,we knew that Fuling had two characteristic peaks,Guizhi had six characteristic peaks,Baizhu had two characteristic peaks and Gancao had 11 characteristic peaks. The average creaming rate of the material reference of the ten batches was( 12. 13 ± 0. 35) %. The average content of cinnamaldehyde was 0. 32%,the average transfer rate was 10. 69%,the content of cinnamaldehyde in the different batches was between 0. 22% and 0. 42%,and the transfer rate was between 7. 48% and13. 90%. The average content of glycyrrhizin was 0. 84%,the average transfer rate was 50. 39%,the content of glycyrrhizin in the different batches was between 0. 42% and 1. 26%,and the transfer rate was between 35. 27% and 65. 51%. The average content of glycyrrhizic was 1. 88%,the average transfer rate was 40. 74%,the content of glycyrrhizic in the different batches was between 0. 94% and2. 82%,and the transfer rate was between 28. 52% and 52. 96%. In this paper,the quality value transmitting of substance benchmarks of Linggui Zhugan Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,creaming rate and the content of index component. A scientific and stable method was preliminarily established,which provided scientific basis for the quality control and formulation development of Linggui Zhugan Decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Glycyrrhiza , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Plant Extracts/standards , Quality Control
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3994-3999, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008317

ABSTRACT

In recent years,the development and application of classical famous prescriptions have attracted much attention. However,the differences between ancient and modern conditions lead to difficulties in carrying out practical work. In this paper,with Houpu Wenzhong Decoction as an example,the key technologies of boiling granularity,water addition,boiling time and sample pretreatment methods were investigated on the basis of sufficient literature research. The experimental results showed that there was no significant difference in the concentration of index components between those with different granularity( 2 mm and 3-5 mm) and different decocting time( 30 min and 60 min),but the extraction rate of index components was relatively high when the granularity of powder was 2 mm and decocting time was 30 min. With the increase of water content,the concentration of index components and the extraction rate were increased in varying degrees. A certain proportion of methanol aqueous solution was used as the resolvent before content determination of the reference sample of Houpu Wenzhong Decoction,which could take into account both the spectral information of water-soluble components and fat-soluble components in the prescription,and help to display the overall information of the prescription' s chemical components more comprehensively. At the same time,the boiling and dispersing classical prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescriptions( the first batch) were collected and summarized in this study; the key influencing factors of decocting process were analyzed from different angles,and preliminary research suggestions were put forward,so as to provide a certain direction and reference for the establishment of quality standard of Houpu Wenzhong Decoction,as well as for the development,research and clinical application of boiling and dispersing classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Powders , Prescriptions
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